Newspaper Page Text
iVeduesday Morning, Fe,. 22, 1851.
M. E. GLASGroW, Editor.
Dir. See Now Advortis
ser Those indebteClto the Journal Vice
for Jou WORK and ADVERTISI* are requested
to settle their accounts immediately. This no
tice is intended to mean just precisely what it
says. We need money, and we must have our
ler lion. John ireulloCh, M. C.—Messrs.
Maguire, Gwin nod other's, of Pennsylvania
Legislature, will please accept our thanks fur.
Hon. S. A. Douglas, of tho U. S. Sen
ate, has our thanks for a copy of his letter to
the aovernor of Illinois, on River and Harbor
Wo call our readers' Attention to the
advertisement of Carr, Giese 4 Co., in another
column of the Journal. Our farmers who have
grain to send to Baltimore, could not do better
than send it to these men. Their business is
conducted on the most satisfactory principles.
Se... James Maguire has read a bill in place
in the House, to authorize the Auditor General
to examine the account of J. MeDonaldson;
also, one to repeal an act granting a State road
in Huntingdon and Bedford counties.
INDEPENDENT Wuto.—This valuable journal,
published at Lancaster, by Theo. Fenn, Esq.,
has been very materially improved, enlarged,
and is published in quarto form. It now ranks,
in every particular, with the best papers pub.
fished in the State. May the enterprising Ed
itor be abundantly rewarded for his labors.
MERCER Cooxry.—The Whig County Com•
mitteo of Mercer county have selected D. W.
Findley, Representative, and W. W. Pearson,
Senatorial Delegate to the Whig State tonven•
Lion, and instructed them to vote for Ex-Gov
ernor Johnston on the first ballot as the next
Whig candidate for Governor.
OPENING OF TOO CANAIA.—WC learn that
the Board of Canal Commissioners have given
directions for the opening of the Canals on the
trot of Murlik next, should the weather permit.
This is highly important to the mercantile com
munity, and especially to all who are engaged
in the Spring trade.
The latest accounts we have from the seat of
European war, state that a general outbreak
was momentarily expected. The French and
English Ambassadors, at St. Petersburg, were
about leaving for home, as were the Russian
Ambassadors, at the Courts of Franco and
England. Should this actually prove true,
nothing can save the old European dynasties
front a general rupture.
On Sunday night last, the Jewelry Store, in
this place, belonging to Edmund Snare, was
broken open by the hand of some daring villain,
and robbed of about $450 in money—several
Cold and Silver Watches—and other valuable
articles, amounting in all to about $lOOO. The
public would du well to ferret out these villains,'
because, in our opinion, they don't live a great
distance from this tows. Several such attempts
have been made here, and the circumstances
under which these robberies have been com
mitted, ;show that the perpetrators had some
knowledge of the location of the articles that
were stolen. Mr. Snare's loss is serious, and
we trust he may succeed in bringing the vil
lains to justice, if he should not, iu procuring
the stolen goods and money.
This filthy sheet insinuates that we were the
first to attack it, and endeavors to make such
an impression on its readers. In doing this, it
deliberately, maliciously, and wilfully LIES.—
When we offered to exchange with the Allegha
lawn, it refused—but was all the time abusing
us, when we had not their paper to ascertain
what the nature of that abuse was. Mon who
would do such things, under the circumstances,
would "steal coppers off dead negrocs' eyes,"
and cheerfully take the place of the midnight
assassin. A woron set of hypocrites than those
who control the Alleglumian, don't tread God's
,1161 r. The Resolutions introduced into the
Legislature, by Hon. John C. Kunlde, to in.
struct our Congressmen to vote against the
repeal of the Missouri Compromise were, on
last Thursday, postponed• until the 15th of •
March. This is of course equivalent to an in.
definite postponement. The locofoeos, except
one, Mr. Haldeman, voted in favor to postpone,
and the Whigs against it. The following is
Yeas—Messrs. Buekalew, Creswell, Foulk
rod, Fry, Goodwin, B. D. Hamlin, E. W. Ham
lin, Mester, Hoge, Jamison, M'Clintock, Me•
Piatt, Quiggle, Sager, Wherry and
Nays—Messrs. Barnes, Crabb, Darlington,
Darsie, Evans, Ferguson, Frick, Haldeman,
Hamilton, Hendricks, Kinzer, Kunkel, Mellin•
ger, Price, Skinner and Slifer—lG.
Pennsylvania Railroad Tunnel.
The-tunnel which has just been completed
on the line of the Pennsylvania Central Rail
road passes through the summit of the Alleg.
heny Mountains at a point known as Sugar
Run Cap. It lies in the counties of Blair and
Cambria—the summit being the dividing line.
It is 3612 feet long, 2685 feet of which is arch
ed, containing 7700 perches of cut stone and
6400 perches of brick masonry and 027 feet is
out through the solid rock, were arching is un
necessary. Eight feet of an arch on each side
is built out of stone 221 inches thick, resting
on abutments of rock range work the same
thickness, and the crown consists of five cour
ses of hard-burnt brick—the whole laid with
hydraulic cement. At grade, the width of the
tunnel in the clear is 21 feet—ton feet above
the grade 25 feet. The height above the grade
is 23 feet. The greatest elevation above it at
the west e.AI uf the tunnel, whore the height is
5161 feet. The grades ascendicg the eastern
slope commenceiint 'AltoonWand inn distance
of 12 miles, where the west cud of the tunnel
commenced, the height civerccine is 723 feet,
or 821' feet to-the mile.
boiiblas and /,Tcfn'aEkti:
Senator Douglas is clearly entitled to the
Manly of forcing the relwal of the Missouri
Conitinmisa upon . , Cceigrdss, aitd the agitatten
of t), Slavery question upou the country. Ills
inordinate ambition has driven hint thus to
peril the harmony of the Nation, merely to feed
his silly aspiratiuns•to the Presidency; and now
that the whole North ha 3 spoken in terms 'tut
to be misunderstood, and reprobated his move
ment without distinction of party, even the poor
pity hie folly might excite, will he denied him,
when he shall realize .the tlisaSter he has invi•
led. TIM country was at pence; harmony was
gradually being. restored, and the conflicting
interests of the two great sections were fast
Pcriithing'under 'the influence of mutual' for
bearance; but ambition had net been satiated,
and now all the iclentless fury of sectional
strife is provoked by. a Northern trickster who
crawls for Southern favor.
The policy proposed by Senator Douglas is
without a precedent in the history of this coup
try. Never before has a . voice been heard in
our Halls of Congress advocating the extension
of Slavery in territory expressly devoted to
Freedom by a . solemn compact; and it is not
surprising that so bold a concession to an insti
tution that is not approved, but only tolerated
=the ground of expediency, should arouse a
spirit of resentment among the more conserva-'
Live of all sections. Our commercial cities,
always foremost in according to Slavery all
constitutional and proper advantages, revolt at
the proposition, and send their protests in the
very face of Southern balk; and the mass of
the people, who have no profits to caletilate in
the consideration of the question, must natu
rally take the strongest position against so sig
nal a triumph for Slavery ou Northern soil.
We say to the South in all candor, that if
they unite in pressing this effort upon the
country, they must invite a storm that no he.
man agency can direct to their advantage. Tho
chances for success arc not even promising,
and a humiliating defeat would be a sorry rc•
ward for their labors; but could success be
commanded through the infidelity of Northern
Representatives, the victors would have more
to dread than the vanquished. Such a result
would do more to impair the constitutional
rights of the South in this section of the coun
try, than any other effort that Congress could
make, and the Fugitive Slave Law would fall
under the just indignation of Northern Repee
°sentatives in another Congress. It is folly to
suppose that a sectional contest now could he
confined to the single issue of repealing the
Missouri Compromise. It would throw the old
issues open again, and force them to encounter
a hostility from the North that Southern intel
lect and Southern arroganeo combined could
not control. Tho Fugitive Slave Law, which
is conceded to be most unjust in several of its
most essential provisions, would have to en
counter a perfect whirl-wind; and our sectional
differences would be at the mercy of might—
not right. And need we toll the South that it
has all to lose in such a conflict? Its defeat
would not merely he the defeat of a principle
with the South; but it would be a blow at the
institution of Slavery, and at Southern policy,
that would tcllo•ith crushing effect for years.
Yet, if the South insists upon the issue, let it
Old Westmoreland vs. Bigler.
There can be no question that et least two
thirds of the locofoco party in the State, nrc de
cidedly in favor of the Bale of the Public Works.
The manner, these improvements have for the
lost eight or ten years been conducted, has
completely disgusted very many members of,
the opposition, and they are now determined to
have them placed beyond the control of these
government leeches who have been bleeding
the public treasury to its very heart, by the
defeat of Bigler next fall, and the election of
some ' good nud honest man, whether he be
Whig or Democrat, who will favor their sale
and lend Isis official influence to secure those
great measures of public reform, which every
tax-payer of the Commonwealth now so ur
gently demands. To show what the feelings of
the honest portion of the locofoco party are on
the subject, we publish below a few of a series
of resolutions that were unanimously adopted
by a large and enthminstic democratic meeting
recently held in Westmoreland county:—
Resolved, That while it is not requisite or
prudent at this time, to indulge in recrimination
and specify minutely our objection to Gov.
Bigler—we are of opinion the lease of the Co
lumbia Railway to Bingham & Dock, was a
fraud upon the people which wwild not have
been sanctioned by Gov. Bigler, had not a ?war
relation or his omen been one of the contracting
parties. o f
rascally letting on the POrtage
Road, winked at by the same Governor, aro
in perfect keeping with the lease of the Colum
Resolved, That we firmly and honestly be;
Hove that after the demonstrations that have
been made against Gov. Bigler, in various per.
tions of the State, the party would be foul har
dy to renominate him. if he was elected in
1851 by a meagre majority when the party was
entirely unanimous in Lis simport, his defeat
must be certain in 1851, with the dissatiViu,
tion NOW BO wide spread. Let us hare a new
man, a pore man, and we run eta risk of de
Resolved, That notwithstanding the Gayer
ernor's message, we arc in Avor of the imme
diate sale of the public works. We have no
faith in th'e promise made twenty years ago,
and renewed annually ever since, 'that neat
year the public works would pay; Humbug
has prevailed on this subject quite long enough
—and we believe the true way to make them
pai, would be to sell them at a reasonable
price, and appropriate the money to paying the
Resolved, net we approve or the course of
the "Republican" and "Aryan" in their opposi
tion to Gov. Bigler, and the robberies on the
Public Tt4>rl.•s—in (WWI so they reflect the sen
timents of a rust majority of the party in this
county, and will hereafter, as heretofore, be
sustained as the true organs qf the Thrty.
The advice's by the Star of the West at New
York, are to the lath, being the same as by
the Daniel Webster at New Orleans. The
' news is not particularly important. Governor
Bigler was inaugurated on tlw 3d. The total
debt of California is stated. at $30(11,815. A
Public Meeting was recently held at Stockton,
with the object of approving the conduct of
Capt. Walker and his fillibusters in Lower
California, but the ringleaders were very prop
erly arrested by the Police. Walker bud issu.
ed another proclamation. Ile bail also estab
lished various military post, bet a Mexican ex
pedition, intending to attack him, left Mazat
lan on the 18th of Nov. The weather hail beca
quite cold, both in California and Oregon.
TARIFF CHAtmEs.—The projected changes
in the Tariff, proposed by Secretary Outline,
and now under consideration hy the Committee
of Ways and means of the House of Represen•
tatioco, will subject all imports to a duty of
liveulidiee pi, cent. advalorein, except spirit..
003 liquors of different kinda, which are to pay
100 per cent. and except also a long of
specified. articlita which are to beexempt from
rluf y.. _ .
/./noranyt,--t he Ey , zlislt gelivrally,olAnteric.n.
V ona d
(itne:k-- - 114,dirCY slwet called the .li.
Bully !ran, —tie cinlc and the Jacksises, of
v. tigoo, of 'Maryland, was ntarried
a few'days sinee . ,Alk,a Miss Dorsey. '
Cr Mind your own business and let other
peoples' alone, is a wholesome maxim.
Union Count,' has - ihstrueled her Dele.
gittes to the IVhig iiktir Com'ention tor Judge
C74' Adolphus It. Wilsolt, Eq., only brother
of''Oen. A. I'. Wilson ot this place, died at
Williamsport, on the Ist last.,
Liele'd—the :111 , tt)e Hunting
don Shanghai. We can ittoid to crow—that
is, we, the Shanghai, cnn.
Cr a r Clov. gortoon, Minnesota, in his mess
age to the Legislature, goes against banks and
in favor of a militia organization.
Gy" The. Alleghcolian thinks our reply to it
last week cost no "much labor, Fze.'' Nut over
five minutes, weltire certain.
C 7" A bill Intl been reported in tlto Ken.
tueliy legislature appreprinting $20,000 to the
Clay monument.. .
Cr The receipts into the Indiana State
Treasury, in 1853, amounted to $2,023,663;and
the expenditures to $1,509,;t
The Pittsburg Atacrican has donned a
new dress.' It looks better but we think there
is chance fur improvement yet.
Cr The Sacramento Journal estimates that
thirty barrels of egg-nogg were consumed (or
drank) in that city on Christmas dnyl
Sick of his folly—the Jack-ass of the Stan
dard. • Rethember hereafter that it is danger
one fur persons, who live in glass houses, to
A: S. Hiny, of Lynchburg, Va., son
of the immortal Patrick Henry, died at the re
sklenee of his son, in Charlotte County, on the
A magnificent new iron ship called the
Taylour was wrecked in Dublin Bay on the
19th of January and 350 lives lost. We have
neither time nor room fur particulars.
LW' A Lill has been read in the HOMO fix
ing the adjournment of the Legislature on the
30th of Mara; and one to cancel the Relief
notes has passed the Senate.
Ccr The Maryland Legislature has re-elect
ed llon. J. A. Pearce as U. S. Senator, for six
years from the 4th of March, 1856. ' The vote
stood—Pearce, 58; Judge Constable, 35.
Dar The Senate of Georgia has passed a
bill to punish the keeping of faro or other gam
bling tables and establishments, with impris
- the penitentiary from one to five
AO. A. mans own conscience is his solo tri
banal, anti he should care no more for that
phantom "opionion," than he should fear meet
ing a ghost if ho crossed the church yard at
MN. An old citizen of Columbiana, Ohio,
was frozen to death on the 27t1i ult. He was
returning home in a state of intoxication, when
he fell in the canal. ills name was Mathew
.0 - The whole number of attorneys in Eng
buid and Wales is about 10,000. The number
during the last ten years has but slightly in
creased, but during the lust two years, has
ia.• The Massachnsettn Humane Society of
fer a premium of S-100 for the best life-boat
and $lOO for the best carriage adapted to
transportation of the boat, both to be tested in
TTY It is said—but ran it be true?—that a
member of Congress who is known to be con,
mitted against the practice of duelling, is more
liable to insult at Washington, than ono who
has no scruples on the subject.
ne..- The Boston papers chronicle the arri
val of a fleet of oyster vessels from Virginia.—
Previous to this oysters had been selling in
Boston for ono dollar a gallon. This arrival
will reduce the price about fifty per cent.
OW' Mr. Maguire last week presented a peti
tion, containing the names of one hundred and
thirty-six eitivens of Union and Cass townships,
praying a repeal of the act for the construction
of a State road front Mill Creek-to Hopewell.
ea-The American State Convention, for
the State of Pennsylvania, is to assemble in
Convention, at Harrisburg, on the of March
next, for the purpose of nominating officers for
Oovernor, Suprewc Judge and Canal Commis•
EX Moses Pownall, Esq., died at his resi
dence, in the village of Christiana, Lancaster
County, on Saturday evening inst. Mr. P. was
a representative in the Legislature fee two ses
sions, and was last year nominated as the
Whig Candidate for Canal Cominissioner.
b ar A Convention of Tobacconists was held
nt Albany, on Thursday, for the purpose of de
vising means to check the importation of se
gars. A resolution was adopted praying Con
gress to impose a specific duty of forty cents
per pound on all foreign segars.
fir A young lady advertised in a Louisville
paper, sometime since, for a husband, and lust
week was joined in the bonds of matrimony
with a handsol,ne, clever young "fellow," in
consequence. Nothing like advertising,
for even a husband.
Re- "It is written in the Editor's first j vein,
Dod't know whether it was our first or last
vein, nor do we care. We are not in the hab
it of devoting either much time or labot in
answering the -4//cyhanian, simply because
the filthy sheet is not worth it.
cr At Pittsburg, on the 9th inst., McClos
key's administrators obtained a verdict against
the Pennsylvania Railroad for $4,500. Me•
Closkey was coaveying horses from Pittsburg
to Philadelphia, when ho was killed in March
last, by a collision, near Newton Hamilton.—
The defence set up was that he was on the
wrong car at the time of the accident.
Connecticut Whig Ninninations—New Ha
ven, Feb, 15.—The Whig State Convention of
this State to-day nominated henry Dutton fur
Governor; Alexander Dolly, for Lieutenant
Governor; and Oliver 11. Perry fur Secretary of
Resolutions in favor of a protective tariff,tul
against the repeal of the Missouri Compromise,
Var.Ccn. Houston, of Texas, made a strong
speech, in the Senate. Tuesday, against Dou.
glass' shameful Nebraska bill. Northern trai
tors must fed uslsanted of themselves, when
those for wls oso benefit their treacherous acts
ate intended, refuse to endorse the Wilson.--
Men botuetirnea loco the treason, but despise
the.tntitor; but . in.this instance both the trea•
sou amid the traitor ace despised,
Cost, Exporiitures, and Revenues of the
The Auditor General and State Treasurer,
hove furnished a statement of the ;
tee, . cost, coven
and:pendit .03 of the Public Works of
Potosylituda, in obedience to a . 13e,olution
passed by the ll,,use, mt the 7th day of ,fanita
ry,' *calling for such a statement. We litok
upon it as the most'ini portant document which
has ever been published upon the gnostical of
our Public Works. Thepeople of Pennsylva
nia, have for years been deprecating the policy
which authorized the construction of these int
proventents by. the Slate, and it has long beta
the genernl desire to sell them and ripply the
proceeds, so far as they would go to the ligni
dation of the ininicnse debt which hangs like
an *lays over the porgy, enterprise,. and •
prosperity of our citizens. The faa. has be
come too glaring, that so long as the State con
, liners to owl) them, they will only add to opr
debt, while the system of managing ihem, has
been completely perverted to the use of politi
cians, thus creating influences in every dire,
lion, dangerous to the morals of citizens, and
undermining the integrity and perpetuity of
the Whole political body. the belief IS univer
sally entertained, that the only hopo of rescue
front thesB demoralizing influences, this cat,
keriug worm which i.e preying upon tho vitals
of our Commonwealth,. and this (train
upon the Treasury, is its a sale of tie Public
Works, by the State, to an individual corpora
The statement, ns furnished by the pamph.
let, will, we feel satisfied, astound every tax
payer in'the Commonwealth. As much As we
imagined the Works were a loss to the State,
we slid not suppose it was so immense, as is
proven by this statement. We do hope every
paper in the State will publish the figures fur
nished by it as we cannot but believe, every
tax-payer wile examines them, will call for the
sale of the Improvements at any price. It is
the most powerful argument which has yet
been advaneed in favor of the sale, and will,
we feel confident, ensure the passage of such a
bill, by the Legislature. Efforts are now be.
- ing made in the Legislature, by Whigs and
Democrats, to secure the passage of a bill, au
thorizing their sale at $20,000,000, which is
the sum named in Senator Evan's able report.
The outside presore of the Governor, Heads of
Departments, Canal Board, and a ninnumera
ble number of pensioners on the Slate, will be
veryi powerful against the measure, and may
succeed is riding over the wishes and interests
of the people. Governor Bigler in his Mess.
ago tools grounds against the sale, and we may
judge that his sentiments will govern all who
live by polities and the spoils. In 11, this
question was left to a vote of the people, and
carried by over 10,000 majority, but by a spe
cies shuttling so common on the I fill, the sale
was prevented, and the wishes of the people
. disobeyed, and their Treasury lots continued
since to be depleted.
We will publish another time, the Recapitu
lation coutitined in this pamphlet, es we have
not the rosin at present. The wholo cost of
all the Public Improvements male by the
State up to the end of the fiscal year 1833,
Expenditures to same date, 19,499,857 03
Interest on loans for the Pub•
lie improvements up to
smile (late, 35,157,794 13
Guaranteed Interest, 446,256 15
The whole amount expended
on our Public Works from
their commencement to the
end of the fiscal year 1833, $87,046,177 08
Revenue from all the Public
Works from their rumple•
Lion to the end of the fiscal
year, 1853, 23,312,020 47
Balance, 502,304,150 at
of excess over revenue,' paid and to lie paid by
the tax payers of Pennsylvania for the con
struction andsupport of their Public Improve.
meals through a period of 23 years and the
time occupied in their construed.. During
this whole time, the expenses have kept pace
with the receipts and
,judging from experience,
we may say it will continue, while the interest
account is growing larger every year, and must
be paid in addition to the ordinary expenses.—
To this add for the completion of the new Port
age railroad, the following amount which it is
said by persons well acquainted with the road,
it will require to complete it, $1,200,000 00
To complete the North Branch
Canal, say, $lOO,OOO 00
The CaMil Board only ask $200,000 more
for that purpose, but to double that sum will be
a safe calculation.
Add the amount required to
relay the South track of the
Columbia Railroad, and re.
pair it properly ••• $500.000 00
You thus have filmier sketch of the operations
of the Public Improvement policy during a pe
riod of 23 years and from it we learn that with
all the ittivaninges of the most direct canal
communication between the west and the At
lantic seaboard, in fact, for inane years it was
the only canal communication from west to
east, with the benefits and monopoly of an in
valuable local trade fur 20 years, in a word
with every advantage and opportunity to make
them profitable, the Termitic has fallen short of
the interest on their construe•
.lion $10,815,775 GG
But this is not all, we have another enor
mous item which tolls the secret of where oar
immense taxes have been going to fin• the lust
23 years. It is the expenditures which had to
be paid in addition to interest. Now, above
we show an. excess of interest over revenue of
ahnost•eleven millions of dollars, nod we must
ask where the following sum was raised to pay
the expenditures. It is as follows:
Expenditures, 419,499,R57 G 3
Thus giving Us a sum of $30,315,633 29
part of which has been added to the debt of
the State, and the balance of over twenty mil
lions paid by the taxes wrung from the people.
Is it not n sad picture for the oppressed tax
payer of Pennsylvania to contemplate. To
find out that he is assisting to pay millions ev•
cry year for the expenses of the Public Works
besides paying every year over two millions
interest on the cost of their construction.
In a period of 23 years we find the net reve
nue exceeded the expenditures $5,843,163 44
without bringing in the interest account of al
most thirty•six millions of dollars. Tho ex
pense of the present system of managing our
Public Works, should satisfy every tax-payer
that it is only adding to his already grievous
burden to keep them in the hands of the State.
It has been tried for a period of over 23 years,
mid experience proves it getting worse every
your. The fact is also well known to every in
telligent citizen, that improvements of great
magnitude owned and conducted by private
companies, pay a handsome per centago and
get along prosperonsly. In view of all these
filets, is it not suicidal in the voters of Penn
sylvania, to persist in so blind a policy as that
which has directed them for 23 years. Every
consideration of private and public good calls
fur the sale of these works, and the partial li
quidation of our debt, We Mel confident that
were this'question fairly presented to the vo
ters of Pennsylvania, it would carry hy a larger
majority than in '44. We hope the Legislature
will show its independence of party, and its de
votion to the true interests of their constituents
by authorizing the immediate sale of the whole
concern. It would be a perfect Godsend . to
the people of Pennsylvaia, and will lay them
under an endless debt of gratitude to you for
thus affording them the only relief from utter
min.—Mk/NO and Journal.
DEATII OF A VETFEAN.-The York Free
Press announees the death of Mr. John (Iris
senger, at Lewhiburg, in the 38th year of his
Ige. Ile wee a veteran of the radial., cud
leaves, as near as eau be ascertained, 382 re fi t-
live:;, vie: 14 eltildren; 123 raad•children, 212
grent•grand-ohildren, and 3 greatzreatTrantl•
Wolue,lay, Feb. 15, 185
Troloillan presented a petition awl bill
to incorporate the Gonna. Literary Institute.
. A number of petitions fur the repeat of the
tonnage tan upon the Pennsylvania Railroad
were read and referred. •
The following bills were reported:—
A bill to incorporate the Pennsylvania Say
ings h wid.
bill to consolidate the. Columbia and Penn•
sylvania Building Associations. •
A bill to re-eh:tiler the Bank of Northam.
A bill to - re•clintter the Bank of Penn Town
A supplement tetho net incorporating the
dergey Shore, Pine Creek and State line Rail
A supplement to the net. incorporating the
Westchester and Philadelphia itudr.),ul.
A supplement to the Schuylkill Valley Na
vigation Railroad Charter.
A supplement to the act incorporating the
Mount Carlton nod Purl Carbon Railro ad.
A bill to incorporate the Brandywine Rail•
rood. _ .
Bills were also read relative to the supply of
stationery tier the public use, and to incorpor
ate. the Montour Bank.
The bill eppi•oprinting $l:100 to the Rosin°
Association was debated, amended and passed.
The bill toregulate the Banks of the Com
monwealth was passed in Committee, and then
laid over. Adjourned.
- The- afternoon session was devoted to the
consideration of private hills. The following
were passed:—A bill to incorporate the Anth
racite Insurance Company. of Philadelphia; a
supplement to the charter of the West Chester
and Willmington Plank Road Company; and a
supplement to the charter of the American
Life and Health Insurance Company. Ad
Horn or REPRESENTATIVE 9.
The hill to incorporate the Tyrone and Clear
field Railroad Company passed a second read
Tho supplement to the Dearer Meadow
Railroad, and Coal Company was postponed on
The following bills in place were rend:—To
appoint an Examiner in the case of Elizabeth
Cameron; resolution against the repeal of the
Missouri Compromise; Supplement to the
Charter of the. Delaware and Lackawanna
Western 'Railroad; to incorporate the Central
Savings Fund and Girard Library Company, of
Penn I listriet; to incorporate the Auburn and
Port Clinton Railroad Company, and the Mi
llers' I tank of Schuylkill County.
The following l ills were passed:—For the
pity and motive power expenses of the Portage
Railroad; to ineorportato the Carpentersville
and Delaware Bridge Company; extending the
jurisdiction of the Supreme Court; relative to
suits by (reditora and others against Execu
tors, Administrators, Assignees and other
Trustees. - Adjourned.
The Cost of Collecting Taxes,
Petunclynnitt is truly a land of tax-collect
ors, and 'although the task is a thankless one,
yet there are always found enough to fill the
ollices appointed (or that. purpose. Every ono
is aware of the, imperfections of the present
system of collecting taxes, anti the difficulties
experienced in carrying it out. The collector
in every township is annoyed everlastingly in
his efforts to collect the taxes, while the recce.
sities of the State imperatively demand the•
early payment of the State taxes into the Trea
sury. Now, as reform appears to be going for
went in every branch of our government, would
it sot be wise in our Legislature to inquire itt
, to a system well known to be imperfect and
frermently inoperative, and endeavor to effect
a reform. Let us first ascertain the amount
raised by direct taxation from the people. We
may set clown the tax assessed on real and per
sonal estate in the Commonwealth, nt $1,600,-
000, as front the Report of the Auditor Gene,
al, welearn that the amount received from this
tax during the fiscal year 1853 at the Trensu
ry, was $1,381,550 39, and we may reasonably
suppose the difference between this amount and.
the Hum stated ns assessed to be remaining un
collected. Now, to collect this State tax. of
sixteen hundred thousand, the collectors are
paid 5 per cent, which would amount to $BO,-
000. This is what the people pay for collect
ing the State tax only. The county Treasurers
ore then paid I per cent. forreceWingand pay
ing over this State tax to the State Treasurer,
wide!' is another item making $BB,OOO paid by
tax-payers for the purpose of collecting and
carrying to the State 'I rertsury the taxes due
the State. Agaim take the county tax, which
is the same amount, and for the collection of
this amount we can set doter the SUM of $BO,.
000, and 1 per cent. to lire State Treasurer for
receiving it, we have the sum of $BB,OOO paid
for the collection of our county tax. Now, told
these stuns together, and we . have a total of
$176,000 paid by the tax-papers of Pennsylva
nia to the tax collectors. It certainly is an
enormous sum, and calls loudly fur relive,—
Under the present condition of our finances, it
is vain to hope for a relief from the oppressive
burthen of taxation imposed every year. In
the face of this fact, it should be our effort to
reduce the expense of collecting these taxes,
and pay no much ns possible into the Treasu
ry, and thus prevent its too frequent resort to
leans, the interest of which we can barely pay.
We believe a remedy can be applied, and pro
pose the following. Let a law he passed au
thorizing the enmity Treasurers to give notice
to the people of each township, that lie will meet
them on a certain day to receive their taxes,
in a simile'. manner as the school-tax is now
collected. As nn indueement to the people to
meet him and pay their taxes, let him Ire au
thorized to allow a discount to the tax-payers
ea all pail is before the first of Ingest of -1
I per veld.. the enlist, is now:Illowed by the State
re.:aParer the amount of tax paid in berm . ;
that time. This distiount would amount to
about $6 , 1,000, a very handsome saving to the
tax-payers. New, suppose a salary or $l,OOO
on all 1,, allowed to line manly Trea.
which soi.ttlil amount to $60,000
the whole remit of rolleeting the Slate and coun
ty taxes, against lire sum ofslitl,ooo now paid
by the lax-payers. With these inducements to
the tax-payers to be prompt., we coeceive there
would not be that difficulty which is now ex
perienced by collectors, and the interest on
taxes lung uncollected would be saved, which,
if added to the above sum, would make a year.
ly saving, to the tax-payers of alinost $150,000,
as large an en amount as is paid by the Com
monwealth for school purposes. This excess
would go into the Treasury of the State, and
would be a (bop in the bucket in paying off
our State debt. It would exceed the yearly
nett revenue received for the last ter. years
front our Public: Works which have cost us
nearly one hundred tnillions of dollars. Every
principle of the public economy denutatls smelt
a refona in the system of collecting taxes, as
it not only lightens the burden of the taxpay
er, but increases the revenue of the Slate. A
principle producing two such desirable results
should, we imagine, be at once adopted, and
the attention of our Legislature could nut be
better occupied than by passim , ' a law establish
ing such a system for the collection of our tax
es. The present is oppressive to the tax-pay
er and the State, in fact, a total loss to both.
The summit expended wider its unnecessary,
and is equivalent to an actual waste of the peo
ple's money. We feel satisfied if this matter
Is taken up and examined by our Legislators,
that they will at once be convinced that a re
form can easily be effected which no man, wo
suppose, would be slow to adopt. It is a sub
ject of sufficient importance to demand atten
tion. Any relief to the tax-payers will be glad
ly hailed, and if it can be given, it in the duty
of every gevernment to grunt it.—Slate Jour.
.. What better remedy run there bo for
evil, than to ab,tain front that which CIIIISCS it?
D:17: ; •-- vl,ll V r`W
to till, Whig, of of r conioy, thr,,li your 1,-
eelleot paper, Owl 1 hope they rill not torn
deaf ear to my sayin;,. Jo tie tlrit pin, I
will my I ant an Col Whig, :eel low, battled
long and faithfully for the pr,n,:olos and mea
sures of the party, and have, doritht all this.
lime. never nsked the party for an office. Nor
do I th;:dc I ever will. But I feel an inteeerA
in the succeo and welfare of the party, nod
being a Whig, i. claim the right of expressing
my opinion on subjects whicdt I fuel. satisfied
are ehliely conneeto with its prosperity.
Now to the point. The Whig party, in this
county more particularly, has been in the habit
of nominating and electing men to office who
have had no claims on the party at all—men
who hnve just come among us and know petit'
ing at all about the interests of our. citizens.—.
And such Men, too, have got the very bestand
`fittest offices—been elected overold and Nth
ful Whigs who have fought long and suecessful.
ly in the cause. Now, with all due deference
to the feelings of gentlemen, I would ask the
Whigs of Huntingdon county, to look nt the
claims of the persons who have filled our coun
ty offices -for the last ten yenrs ? They will
mon discover that these offices have been filled
by persons who have had no special claims on
the Whig party at all—and many of them hail
been residents of the county only n very short
time before they received office.- Many of the
Whigs are beginning to look at this matter
with - a very jealous eye. Why should two or
three men—such too, as have been entire stran
gers to us, ask and take all the offices in the
To be constantly nominating, and electing
mon to office, who have been among us only
two or three mouths, is very unwise of us as a
party, and looks like if we had no material
among Our own native citizens, respectable and
capable enough to fill those several posts.
If the Whig party still persists in this emirs°,
I candidly believe it will cause the downfall of
it in a very short time. The time has come
when ,the Wlsba in the country will not stand
such things any longer. They begin to feel
that if the politicians fix up such tickets as wo
have had sometimes, they may elect them
I could point out n number of htzy aspirants,
both in your town mid the country, who have
not been residents of Huntingdon county scarce
ly eighteen months. They are looking, too,
for some of the best silicon in the county, and
are doing. every thing to get the way clear, and
thoroughly pave the ground over which' they
have got to travel. This is true, and I could
name you several of just such gentlemen aspi
tunts. Now I trust tho 'Whigs of this county
will stop and reflect on their past conduct in
reference to thin particular, and will not make
such unpopular and unjust nominations any
more. I don't want any oflico myself, but I
cannot help saying something about this, be
cause it must break down our party if it is not
stopped. I will have more to say on this sub
ject. AN OLD WHIG.
The dwelling of Mr. Philip If. Lenbarl, on
Second Street, near South, was entered between
the hours of 1 and 2 o'clock, Thursday morn
ing, and robbed of $738. The thief, or thieves,
effected their entrance by boring the shutter of
the kitchen window; in necomplishing which,
they were obliged to make four attempts before
the, spring . was touched. The holes were bored
with a one half inch auger, (apparently a very
dull one,) and were split from the shutter, with
a knife, which enabled the scamp to press the
spring, open the shutter, and raise the window.
After effecting his entrance, the thief passed
through the dining-room, into the entry, up
stairs, through tho nursery, down a small flight
of stairs, and opened the door and entered the
sleeping apartment, and seized the pantaloons
of Mr. L., in which wan secured the wallet eon.
tabling his money. The daring burglar then
made his exit, dropping the pantaloons direct.
ly under the shutter where the entrance was
made, leaving the door open. $l5, in money,
and Mr. L's watch were left untouched, on a
waiter in the sleeping apartment. The thief
was, evidently, a tall man, as the holes were
bored in a slanting direction, showing conclu.
sirely, that the arms of the operator were con
siderably above the handle of the auger. The
money stolen from Mr. L., consists of three
$lOO bills on the Harrisburg Bank;, three $2O
!pills on the same bank; biihtni3 in ss's and
slo's on same, and other banks. On one of
the bills, was printed with a stensil plate, in
red ink, the name of a Philadelphia firm, on
the buck—the marked note was on the Oswego,
N.l. Bank. Our citizens will regret to learn
of this misfortune to Mr. I'., who is an Maestri.
met and very worthy nine. 'lime burglar must
have noticed Mr. L. collecting bills, the even
ing previous, and tracked him to his residence,
awaaing his time to commit the robbery.—
Officers of the United States.
Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire, Presi
Vice President, (de facto) D. R. Ateliesoi
Win. L. Marcy, of New York, Secretary of
Jams Cutluie, of Kentucky, Secretory of
Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi, Secretary of
James C. Dobbin, of N. Carolina, Secretary
ItobCrt M'Clelland, of Michigan, Secretary
James Campbell, of Pennsylvanin, Postmai
Web Cushing, of Massachusetts., Attorney
Roger B. Taney, of Maryland, Chief Justice.
John McLean, of Ohio Associate Justice.
Jun. M. Wayne, of Georgia,
John Ketron, of Tennessee,
Peter V. Daniel, of Virginia.
Samuel Nelson, of Now York, "
Robert C. Grier, of Pennsylvania, "
Benj. R. Curtis, of Massachusetts, "
John A. Campbell, of Alabama, "
William Bigler, Governor.
Charles W. Black, Secretary or State.
J. Porter Brawley, Surveyor General.
Ephraim Banks, Auditor General.
Joseph Bailey, State Treasurer.
Jeremiah S. Black, ChierJustieo of Supreme
Lewis, Woodward, Lowrie and Knox, Asso•
Seth Clover, Canal Commissioner.
A Handsome Dodge.
The feeling in furor of the sale of the Public
Works is growing so strong that Locofocoism
is beginning to feel alarmed., :rho Harrisburg
correspondent of the Chambersburg Whig says:
"The only hope the Administration have to
thwart the measure is to divide the friends of a
sale. Great efforts are making to effect this—
already some three or four different projects nro
before the Legislature. The encodes well know
ing that they could not sustain themselves in
nn open opposition to the sale, expect to gull
the people by offering a proposition providing
for the reception of bids by the Governor du
ring the recess of the Legislature, to be report
ed by him to the next Legislature—a very
handsome dogde, to save thu Governor from
facing the music." Of course should Bigler be
re-elected, the party would foul some excuse to
hold on to the plunder for three years more.
liti"A miser, named Noah Odell, sixty
years old, died lately, in Boston. So fearful
was lie of losing his money, that he wore a
chain round his body, to which was fastened a
stem bag, in which the treasure was deposited.
This he kept by him during his sickness, and
upon it. sons fixed his (Vim , - gaze. Tn winter,
it bi related that lie went lii chur,di three times
a day, to haVU at home, on lcaniaq Itie bed
to return to it.
• Pi - oin the Ly . r . juiriM7el - 1; - ;
Death of Adolphus D. Wilson, Zsq.•
rid event, which on Wolticsdar last do•
rived us of one of., most worthy and lalent•
ed Citizens, though in 801110 measure anticipa
ted by that . portion of the community who wero•
aware of h ie extreme illness, yet, frain its mud.
proved a startlitig and painful shock
to all. Until so late as Friday of week beim
last, Arr. Wilson was enjoying to all outward'appearance,
appearance, his usual health, and when wo
lust saw him, previous to his illness, we thought
he look d woes hearty aulsolatst :than • ever;
but on that day he lay down upon a bed of
sickness front which on Wednesday evening he
was restored a emyse. Ills constitution was
not rugged, and his disease, typhoid fevuc, in
'ts rapid and fatal inroad' soya overnuud2ro
Mr. Wilson was just r iii_the prime of life,--
his thirty-seventh year—and The.fidlest vigor of
his inttineetual powers. 11 we were rightly in
formedi he had been thirteen years or more a
successful preen tioner at the!bar• in . this place.
Ha was a man of unremitting industry. /SY
.11Mo/ to natural ncntc•
110 s of intellect, he hid acquired a position in
his profession Second to none among his ham,
dte compeers. Ills manly and honorable
bearing in the business of his profession is well
attested by the prompt and hearty eulogiums
pronounced upon his character, and the early
and feeling tribute paid to his memory by his
associates at the bar, during the sittingorCourt.
But outside of his profession and apart from it,
Mr. Wilson was every inch a man. He was a
kind neighbor, n useful mid public citizen, and
a devoted friend. Blunt end frank-hearted in.
the avowal of his opinions, he could always be
relied upon ns saying what he meant and as
doing what he promised. His likes nnd dislikes
were equally unequivocal. Few men were more
endeared to nenr friends than the deceased.—
They, and his orphan children now left without
parents, will most neutely feel his loss. But
by many others it will be deeply deplored. To
all of us this sudden ilispensatton affords n preg-.
nent lesson. High annulments nod aspirations,
genius and talent, the vigor of manhood, the
elasticity of youth, the gray hairs °rage, afford
ed no armor with which to ward off the stroke
of the Destroyer. At all times and M all pia
ces,—nlike in the expectation and the fruition
of our earthly desires,—the thread oflife is bro.
ken, end new made graves yawn for new vie
thus. "Dust we are and unto dust we return."'
Tribute of Respect.
During the session of the Court on Wednes
day evening last, C. W. Scales, Esq., announ
ced the death of A. D. 'Wilson, Esq., and after
paying an eloquent tribute to his memory, mo
ved the adjournment of tho Court. Whereupon
Hon: A. Jordan was called to the Chair mid
C. W Scales, appointed Secretary.
James Armstrong, Esq., then made n brief
address eulogising the virtues of the dee'd.
On motion, Messrs. Fleming, Armstrong, and
Maynard were appointed a committee to pre
pare suitable resolutions of condolence. who,.
on the following morning reported the follow
ing!. ' . _
'Whereas, the members of the Court and Bar
of 'leaning county, struck with the -sudden
and afflicting tidings of the departure of their
brother and friend Adolphus 1). Wilson, who
was called from this world to a higher, last
evening in the full maturity of his power and
usefulness, embrace this earliest moment to
unite in ollbring the testimony of their sincere
grief for his loss, and their deep and, earnest
veneration fur his virtues and character, there
Resolved, That the proQmsional life of Mr.
Wilson, dignified by a stern sense of honor,
and marked by a single•hearted devotion to the
interests of his clients amid the toils of the Bar t
and in the calm atmosphere of legal stwlies;
commends itself to the grateful remembrance
of his brethern, and presents a moral fur
Re.lred, That the learning end practical
skill of Mr. Wilson wherein he had few supe
riors, was less to be commended than the man
ly and moral worth which characterized his
daily professional life.
Rasolred, Flint in this dispensation of an
albwise Providence who has removed from U 3
an eminent and talented brother, we recognize
a striking admonition amid the duties of the
day to remember that "the night eometh where.
in no man can work," and in the activities of
this, not to tbrget the accountabilities of tho
other side of the grave.
Rcsared, Thai we deeply sympathize with
the tinnily and friends Of the deceased and es
pecially with his orphan children, bereft in a
few short months or the tender care of an of
fectionate mother and a kind and indulgent lit
Res,,lm7, That the members of the Court
and far will attend the funeral of Mr. Wilson
in a body.
On motion of Messrs. Youngman and Boat
it was ordered by the Court, that the above pre
amble and resolutions bo entered on record
and published, and that a ropy duly certified
be delivered to the family of the deceased by
11Q „ The man who attempted to "catch the.
speaker's eye" with a steel trap, was made to
take the floor by the sergeant•abarms.
Fob. 21, 185.1.
• • •$2.00 n $8,51)
Flour per 1,1)1.,
Clover Seed, per bu.,•
Hod Wheat, per bu.,• •
White Wheat, per bu
Bye, per bu
Corn ' per bu
Iluekwheat, per lat • • •
Oats, per hu
Flakseed. per bu
Ilay, per ton
Butter, per lb.,
Feb. 18, 1854•
Flour per MA
Whit° Wheat, per hu
Feb. 18, 1854.
...... • ••• 9!)
Flour per bbl
Whim Wheat, per bo
CT POISONING. .Z 1
Thousands of Parents who use Vermifuge taint
posed of Castor oil. Calomel, &c., ore not aware,
that while they appear to benefit the patient, they
are arta:llly laying the foundations for a series of
diseases, such at salivation, loss of sight, weak
ness of limbs, Sze.
In another column will be found the advertise
' meat of I lobonsack's Medicines, to which we ask
the attention of all directly interested in their own
113 well as their Children's health. to Lives
Complaints and all disorders arising from those
of a billions type, should make use of the only
genuine etrdit•ier, ifolumsnek's Liver Pills.
'"//e Licc, /rya," but ask fur llobonsack's
Worm Syrup and Liver Pills, and observe that
each has the signature of the Proprietor, J. N.
11011ENSACICS, as none else aro genuine.
The most extruonliwiry discovery in the World
is the, Great Arabian Remedy fur 211iti4
H. 0. FARRELLS
CELEBRATED ARABIAN LINIMENT
Is well known to possess the most wonderful
ly healing, penetrating, and stimulating prop•
erties, and by its promptness in effecting CUIT6,
which previously had resisted all other inedi•
tines, administered by the most scientific ph vs•
ieians, has placed it far beyond any similar
remedy ever introduced to the people of the
United States, It stimulates the absorbantr
to inercas.,l action, and thus enables nature to
throw oil' .lintism—iL mini/vice Mc bonen-, ad