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- HUNTINGDON, PA:
Thursday Morning, Sept. 11, 101.
J. SEWELL STEWAILT—Enron.
TERMS OF PUBLICATION
Toe " HUNTINGDON JOURNAL" if published at
the following rates, viz :
if paid in advance, per annum, $1,50
If paid daring the your, 1.13
If paid after the expiration of the year,• 2,50
To Clubs of five or more, in inlvance,• • 1,23
Tun above Terms will he adhered to in all eases.
No subscription will be taken fora less period than
fix months, and no paper will he discontinued un
til all arrearages arc paid, unless at the option of
the publisher. •
V. U. PALMER
Is our authorized agent in Philadelphia, New
York and Baltimore, to receive advertisements,
and any persons in those cities wishing to adver
tise in our eolunuts, will phmse .11 on him.
FOR TILE PRESIDENCY IN 1852,
OF NEW JERSEY.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT IN 1852,
JAMES C. JONES,
FOR GOVERNOR IN 1851,
ti ICI, F. JOHNSTON.
OF ARMSTRONG COUNTY.
roil CANAL VORMISSIONER.
POR TIIP SUPREMH 11C3CII.
WM. M. MEREDITH of Philadelphia.
RICII. COULTER of Wesinoreland.
JOSHUA W. COMEX of Montour•.
GEORGE CHAMBERS of Franklin.
WILLLANt JESSUP of Susquehanna.
WHIG COUNTY TICKET,
HON. GEORGE TAYLOR
JONATHAN MIVILLIAMS, Frauklin,
HENRY BREWSTER, Shirleysburg.
WILLIAM B. SMITH, Jackson.
SETH R. MT UNE, Blair County
out, and in violation of the laws of the
country, and there is no organized govern
ment upon earth to listen to their calls of
succour. But while, as a mere legal ques
tion, this is undoubtedly the ease, still we
believe the time has could when torture
and barbarity should cease to exist;
and we very much fear that the fifty
persons, shot at Ilavana, were not honor
ed with a proper trial, or executed merely
to subserve the ends of justice. But
if legal formalities have been complied with,
this govorutOent cannot object to the exe
cution. We would advise our country
teen not to carry liberty to Cuba or any
other country, until they certainly discov
er that the article is in demand. If Cu
ba actually desired to be relieved from an
oppressive yoke, and would show her faith
by her works, wo would not object to
springing a small leak in the law to afford
some help; but if that desire, shown by a
formidable outbreak, dues not exist, it is
the height of fillibusterism for the people
TAX PAYEIN COME AND DEAR of one nation to carry rebellion and revolt
THEODORE H. CREMER, Huntingdui
Register & Recorder,
MATH. P. CAMPBELL, Henderson.
JOHN MARKS, Huntiugdou
ELIEL S IITII, Union.
ROBERT STITT, Huntingdon,
ISAAC \VOLVERTON, Brady,
JOHN REED, Huntingdon,
Directors of the Poor,
JAMES CLARE, Birmingham.
JAMES SAXTON, Huntingdon,
GEORGE HUDSON, Clay.
GOV. JOHNSTON will address his
fellow citizens of Huntingdon county on
the evening of
He speaks at Lewistown at 1 o'clock of
the same day. The evening train front the
east on that day will bring lam here. We
hope to see both the eastern and western'
trains of that day and the lateral roads
crowded with people coming to hear Gov.
Johnston explain how the State Debt can
be paid without burdening the farmer and
industrial classes, and other subjects of
J. SEWELL STEWART,
Chairman Co. Corn.
Sept. 11, 1851.
James Maguire—New Goods.
We call attention to the avertisemont of
James Maguire's new stock of fall and
winter good s,just received from the eastern
cities—Fine chance for bargains.
o'7" We also call attention to advertise
ments of the sale of the valuable Tanyard
property in fluntingdon, by Thomas Fish
er, Guardian of minor children of Willian
Ward, dee'd. _
Also to the sale of the personal
property of Horatio Trexler h Co., ut
[f_ 7 Also, Milnweml Academy.
jj Hon. Don. Taylor will address the
sonday school at MeCahan's Grove this
day 11th Sept. 1851.
The Cuban Revolution.
Since our last paper was issued we have
received intelligence from Cuba, that tho
expedition to that island under Gen. Lo
pez has not only been baffled, but totally
destroyed. Not a man has come hack to
tell the talc of his sufferings, or gladden
the heart of a friend. Lopez himself was
taken in a private house at St. Chrietoval,
into which ho had fled, in order to take
some rest, and carried to Havana, where
he was publicly executed, in presence of
an immense crowd of spectators. In hon
or of the occasion ; the houses of the city
of Havana were illuminated, processions
marched through the streets ; with torch
lights, and the whole scene was one of
rejoicing. The remnant of the invading
force was taken prisoners by the Spanish
after having made their last meal on the
horse of Gen. Lopez. They have been
condemned to work in the wines. Two
Lundred and fifty of the invading force
Lave been shot by the Spanish. It is said,
and we believe it to be true, that the in
vaders were successful in every battle
they fought, and that in the different en
gagements, in which they participated, they
kilned two thousand of the Spanish troops.
It appears to he entirely certain that
there was no rising of the inhabitants of
Cuba, and no apparent dpsire on the part
of the people to throw off the Spanish
yoke. Lopez complained that he had
been deceived, as to the extent of the dis
affection, and there is no doubt, that if
his efforts had been seconded by the Cuban
population to even a moderate degree,
the expedition would have been successful.
His men evidently fought with great bra
very and impetuousness, and if they had
been backed by any recognized government,
even to the extent of permitting arms and
munitions to be sent to them, the flag of
liberty might now be waving over an en
franchised country. Some of his soldiers
have written home, that Lopez deceived
them, when no doubt both they and their
commander wore too sanguine and permit-
Led themselves to be deceived. We are
Heartily sorry at the terrible doom that
the invaders met, but at the same time, as
they had no flag, but one of their own
make, to flutter over their heads, the gov
ernment, which they abandoned is not
bound to protect them. They went, against
and in spite of the wishes of the govern-
The Editor of the Hollidaysburg
Standard appears to be in magnetic com
munication with the spirits of the infernal
world—and at the same time his acerbity of
temper partakes more of the snapping spite
fulness of the w itch, than the mighty nut
lice of the great devils who rub that em
pire. He is evidently a very low subordi
.. . .
nate of that superior power, which rules
and controls the confined workings of
his frozen genius. \V hen ho attempts to
imitate the majestic howling of the wolf, •
the hyena or the tiger,it degenerates in
to a contemptible yelp.
But the little spiteful witch says, in
most elegant and gentlemanly Englsb,
that we "lied" when wo said that Col.
Bigler said "he slid not know what he was
doing" when he voted foe tie , jail closing
debt of 1847.
Bigler says in his Philadelphia speech
—Not being a lawyer, he was not a memo
bur of the commitee on the judiciary, and
he never Lad occasion to conine and
make himself fully ucy ',tinted midi the
relative powers and duties of the national
and state governments on this question,"
(the jail closing act). In the next para
graph he says—" There being no agitation
of the subject at the time of the introduc
tion of that measure, it was not strange
that he should have failed In notice its
full effect." (Bigler's speech in the Bul
letin 22nd Aug. 1851). We!Oppose the
Standard is aware that Bigler voted for
the jail closing act.
oft and Johnston Club.
l'ursuant to notice a largo number of
the Whigs of the borough and vicinity
met in the Diamond, in front of the house
of Alex. Cannon, for the purpose of per
manently organizing the Scott and John
On motion, Mr. JAMES BARR, of the
Warm Springs, was called to the chair,
when the committee, appointed at a previ
ous meeting, reported a Constitution and
Bye-Laws for the government of the Club,
together with the following list of officers:
President.--JOEIN WILLIAMSON, Esq.
Vice Presidents—Michael Snyder, Wit
ham Hoffman, John J. Easton, Thomas
Fisher, Jackson dlfrica, John Whitta
ker, jr., John F. .Miller, ✓llexander Car
mon, Jacob Snyder, Peter C. Swoope,
Thomas APCahan, Samuel Friedley, John
Flenner,William Rothrock,Peter .Marks,
J. E. Wood, Nicholas Decker.
Recording Secretaries—Edmund Snare,
E. C. Summers, R. A. Miller.
Corresponding Secretaries—W. T. Nil
son, Samuel L. Glasgow.
The Report of the Committee was adopt
ed with a "shout and a song."
The President elect was then loudly
called for, who appeared and treated the
enthusiastic crowd with an able and elo
quent speech. Speeches were also deliv
ered during the evening by J. Sewell
Stewart, Esq., 13. C. Lytle and Samuel
Glasgow, which were received with shouts
of applause. .
They not only gave the Locos a "sight
of that same old Coon," which floored their
,rooster in '4B, but also a "touch of that
same old tune," which knocked the trot
[Mrs from their sneaking fox in '4O.
A meeting of the Students of Milnwooil
Academy was held iu the Academy hall
on Thursday, the 4th inst., relative to
the death of their honored Principal, the
Rev. J. Y. 3101 ism Es. On motion. Jas.
Reed, jr. was called to the chair, and
Wm. A. Gray appointed Secretary.
The following preamble and resolutions
were read by D. Henry Barron, and unan
WHEREAS, The Almighty disposer of
events having in his providence seen fit to
remove our beloved Principal to himself,
wo realize the melancholly fact that we
have met with a calamity of no ordinary
character. We feel that death in his fear
ful ravage has created a void which this
world can never fill—that we, as his pu
pils, have been deprived of a friend and
,instructor, whose kind and earnest regard
for our mental and moral improvement,
bound us to him as children to a common
father. We feel, too, that in his death
society has been deprived of a shining or
nament—education of au able and ardent
supporter, and the eltristian religion of an
earnest and devoted minister. Well in
deed may a cloud of gloom hang over and
around us—well indeed may ours be the
tears of heartfelt sorrow. Talents devo
ted to the cause of religion—influence ex
erted for the welfare of mum•—and moral
worth as an example for us all, have been
in the meridian of usefulness swept from
our midst, and it is meet that we should
grieve, for we feel deeply our bereave
ment. And whereas, the interest with
which our honored principal ever regarded
our common welfare, demands a final and
public acknowledgement, therefore
Resolved, That as members of the in
stitution so suddenly deprived of its wor
thy Principal and founder, we shall ever
cherish in grateful remembrance his earn
est endeavors to promote our common
welfare, and to advance our temporal and
Resolved, That the loss of a generous
friend, a kind father and an affectionate
husband, demands our warmest sympathy
for the bereaved family and relatives of
the honored dead. _
Resolved, That in view of our common
affliction, and as a token of respect to the
memory of our departed Principal, the
members of this institution wear the usual
badge of mourning during the remainder
of the present session.
Resolved, That copies of the proceed
ings be forwarded for publication to the
papers of Shippensburg, Chambershurg,
Huntingdon, and WConnellsburg, and
a copy to the "Presbyterian" of Philadel
On motion, adjourned.
JAMES REED, Jr., Pres't.
Wm. A. GRAY, Sect' ry.
.q. C. Wilson,
B. F. Deal,
D. Henry 'Barron,
Committee on Resolutions.
I.,.*Tl;ltelegant periodical, Graham's
Magazine for September is on our table,
filled with choice prose and poetry and very
elegantly embellished.—lt is a fine refiner
of the head and heart.
10" A Whig governor is elected in Ver
mont over a combination of democrats and
free seders and all Ipposing candidates,
GLORIOUS irtomai roil THE
TAX PAVERS I
AMOUNT OF THE REDUCTION OF
THE STATE DEBT.
We ask the attention of the public to
le following official Proclamation
i ' r--,-,-.1-... ., 1 5 Iv.
, ' - , ,,1 5 0-. - f, - .:,,,- --
, i‘ •• - '-`/Ai:`, -,y , , , -.4 /41,
P EJVVYSY LIMNI.9, SS
rn the name and by the authority of the
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
BY WM. F. JOHNSTON,
Governor of the said Commonwealth
A PROCL AMATION.
WrIEREAS, In and by an
Ar, act of the General Assembly of
013 1 . ) this Commonwealth, passed the
.71 11:114. tenth day of April, one thou
sand eight hundred and forty-nine, enti
tled “An Act to create a SINKING FUND,
and to provide for the CRADUAL AND CER
TAIN EXTINUIMEMMENT OF THE DEIST OF
TILE COMMONWEALTH," it is enacted and
provided az follows, viz :
SEC. 1. That the Seorotary of the Com
monwealth, Auditor General, and State
Treasurer, for the time being, shall be
Commissioners, who are hereby authorized
to receive the revenues appropriated by
this act, or which may hereafter bo appro
priated for the same object, and to pur
chase therewith the debt of the State of
Pennsylvania at its market price, if not
exceeding the par valie thereof, to the
full extent of the said revenues, and to
hold and apply the same, and the interest
thereon accruing, firmly and inviolably on
the trusts and for the purposes hereinafter
_ _ _
Sc.E 2. That all revenue derived from
the following sources, to wit: the taxes on
collateral inheritances and the per centage
assessed upon any bank or railroad, or
coal mining, or railroad and coal mining,
or improvement company oharter, all taxes
assessed on distilleries and breweries, on
billiard rooms, bowling saloons and ten
pin alleys, on now comities, on theatrical,
circus and menagerie exhibitions, and on
eating houses, beer houses and restaurants,
and all such revenues as the Legislature
may from time, to time set apart for the
purposes mentioned in this act, shall, so
soon as the same shall be received at the
Treasury, be paid over to the said Com
missioners, who shall forthwith proceed to
purchase the debts of the Commonwealth,
on the terms and for the purposes set
forth in the first section of this act.
SEC. 3. That the said Commissioners
shall be authorized to receive the interest
due and payable on the debt, so as afore
said purchased and held by them, which
interest shall be likewise applied to the
purchase of said debt, so that the same
shall form a constantly accumulating fund
for the extinguishment of the public debt.
SEC. 4. That it shall bo the duty of the
said Commissioners, on the first Monday of
September, in the year one thousand eight
hundred and fifty-one, and on the same
day, in every third year thereafter, to cer
tify the amount of the debt of the Com-
ino'nwealth held by them, to the Governor,
who shall direct the certificates repre
senting the same to be cancelled, and on
such cancellation issue his prolamation,
stating the fact and the extinguishment
nud final discharge of so much of the
principal of said debt.
SKe. 5. That the said Commissioners
shall, within ten days after the organization
of the Legislature, in the year one thou
sand eight hundred and fifty-two; and in
every third year thereafter, specially re
port to the Legislature the amount of the
public debt, so as aforesaid liquidated and,
proclaimed by the Governor to have been
cancelled, and what reduction of taxes
may, in consequence thereof, be made, in
order that the Legislature may provide
for such reduction in the burthens .of the
AND WHEREAS, Alexander L. Russell,'
Secretary of the Commonwealth, Ephraim
Banks, Auditor General, and John M.
Bickel, State Treasurer, Connuisioners of
the Sinking Fund, have CERTIFIED to inn
as follows, viz :
Vice ofihe commissioners of tin: Sinking to
ITAnumninco, September I, 1851.
To his excellency TVnt. F. Johnston
Governor of Pennsylvania :
Stn :—ln compliance with the 4th sec
tion of the act, entitled a An Act to
create a Sinking Fund and to provide for
the gradual and certain extinguishment of
the debt of the Commonwealth," apptclifid
the 10th day of April, 1819, the Conimis
sioners of said fund hereby certify that
the amount of the debt of the Common-,
wealth purchased since the passage of the
act of A, , sembly referred to, and now held
' by them is SIX HUNDRED AND FIFTY
NINE THOUSAND ONE HUNDRED
AND TWENTY-TWO DOLLARS AND
NINETY-EIGHT CENTS ($659422 98)
consisting of 5 per cent. loans negotiated
under various acts of Assembly.
Your obedient servants,
A. L. RUSSELL,
JNO. H. BICKEL,
Commissioners of the Sinking Fund.
Now THEREFORE, In obedience to the
requiremenT i rthe fourth section of the
act of the General Assembly aforesaid, I
do hereby issue this Proclamation, publish
ing and declaring the PAYMENT, EXTIN
GUISHMENT AND FINAL DISCHARGE of
SIX HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE
THOUSAND ONE HUNDRED AND
TWENTY-TWO DOLLARS & NINE
TY-EIGHT CTS. (659,122 98) of the
PRINCIPAL of the DEBT of this Common
wealth; and that I have directed the cor
titivates, representing the same, to be can
GIVEN under my hand and the Great
Seal of the State at Harrisburg, this fifth
day of September, in the year of our
Lord otie thousand eight hundred and fifty
one, and of the Commonwealth the seven
BY VIE GOVERNOR
A. L. RUSSELL;
Sec'y of the Commonwealth
Above we publish the proclamation of
Gov. Johnston, announcing that the Sink
ing Fund in the two years and a half it has
been in opperation, has paid $659,122 98
of the public debt. This is not the total
reduction of debt effected by Gov.John
eton. How much has been paid will be
seen by a comparison of the amount of
public debt on Nov. 30, 1848, and the
amount on September 1, 1851. In 1848
the debt was as follows
Canal, Railroad and Motive
Pomi•cr debts returned in
1849 and '5O, being debts
contended prior to lot De
40,848,49 S 41
d debt N0v.30, '4B,
In stating the debt duo at that time, the
Locofocos purposely omit to count the
floating debt of $373,801 48, which was
contracted illegally under Gov. Shank's
administration, which was not known
to exist until after Gin. Johnston took
office, and which, as directed by the Le
gislature, Gov. Johnston has paid in
full ! ! The public debt, when Gov.
Shunk left office, was $40,848,598 41, be
ing $137,794 82 less than when he went
into office four years before, the whole of
this reduction having resulted from the
payment of a debt which bore no inter
See what the public debt now is. The
official records prove it to be as follows
Amount of funded debt, inclu
ding; amount in the hands of
Commissioners of Sinking
Fund, and also special loan to
avoid inclined piano at the
Schuylkill, on the 30th of Nov
'aunt of unfunded debt, same
Total sum of debt,
educe amount of stock 'mottos.
ed by Commissioners of Sink.
Twat dobt Sept, 1, 1851,
Atli debt Nov. 30th, 1848,
do Sept. lot, 1851,
MS now than two years
and a half ago,
This proves that Gov. Johnston, in the
two years and a half since he was inaugura
ted, has paid SEVEN HUNDRED AND
THIRTY-TWO THOUSAND TWO
HUNDRED AND THIRTY-FIVE DOL
LARS AND NINETY-SEVEN CENTS
($732435 97) of the debt of the Common
In the same time appropriations have
been made to the North Branch canal;
over two hundred and forty thousand dol
lars were paid to the permanent improve
ment of the Columbia railway; four hun
dred thousand dollars were applied to an
avoidance of the Inclined Plane at the
Schuylkill, and various other amounts
wore appropriated, which have placed the
public works in better repair than they
ever was before.
These are the results of Gov. Johnston's
administration. Noble results they are,
and well do they entitle Gov. Johnston to
the reputation of the first public servant,
under whose rule a considerable amount of
the public debt was paid, the public cred
it maintained, and the public honor pre
"A Sou an Currency."—The Looofocol
presses are beginning to harp again about
a "sound currency." Tho less they say
about that the bettor for themselves. The
intelligent voters all know that under
their "Democratic" Tariff of 1846, the
country is being drained at a fearful rate
of its soundest currency—the silver dol
lars and half dollars, quarters and dimes—
to pay the British "Lords of the Loom
and Work shop" for the manufactures of
their half-starved operatives. If this
don't disturb the currency they need have
no fears about it. But if it does, as we
think it will, the people understand where
the fault lies, and will apply the corrective.
Harp on.--Pills. Goz.
Read these Facts, and see if Gov
ernor Johnston has not done his
One thing is giving the Looofocos groat
trouble. It is the faot that Gov. Johnston
has collected annually, less tax from the
Real Estate of the Commonwealth than
his Locofoco predecessor. Hero is the
proof taken from the Auditcr General's
Report for last year:
Gov. Shunk received
From real estate in 1845,
Total in four year,
Gov. Johnston received
From real estate in 1849,
Total in two years,
Gov. Johnston has received over SIX
TY-SEVEN THOUSAND DOLLARS
less annually, from Real Esate, than Gov.
Shunk ! ! Yet with less money from this
source, and less clear money from the
public works, Gov. Johnston has paid in
Iwo years $538,203 67 of the public debt,
whilst Gov. Shook in four years, paid but
$137,794 82 ! !
The income from the tax on Real E
state should have been greater now than
heretofore, for the Revenue Commisioners
of 1848 increased the valuation of proper
ty in the State over the valuation in 1845,
$43,477,257 00. The rate of taxation
has not teen increased, but the same rate
on 43,477,257 increase of valuation, should
have produced a large increase, of revenue.
Instead of an increase, we find in the
above, that less money was received from
this source in 1850, than in 1845! ! The
*Mt is there in bold relief. Nono can
contradict it GOV. JHONSTON HAS
RECEIVED LESS MONEY FROM
THE FARMERS, AND YET PAID A
MUCH LARGER PROPORTION OF
THE STATE DEBT THAN ANY PRE
CEDING LOCOFOCO ADMINISTRA
TION ! Remember this fact when the
time for voting arrives:
What a Mineral:tee a few Years
Mr. J. 11. Snowden in the former of
she two letters he recently' , wrote about
the public debt, said :
would seem as if Gov. Johnston has
got the bright idea, that every dollar that
goes into the Sinking Fund diminishes the
State debt; whereas it is only taking it
from one pocket and putting it into anoth
We exposed the absurdity of this a few
days ago. We will now bring J. R. Snow
den to prove that J: R. Snowdon did no t
always think this about Sluicing Funds.
In his Treasury Report in 1846, Mr.
Snowden recommended a Sinking Fund,
and a tax of ten cents por ton on Anthra
cite Coal. lie spoke of the advantages
of a Sinking Fund as follows—(See Report,
Senate Journal, Vol. 2, p. 12):
" The first dollar that would go into the
Sinking Fund, would be evidence of our
safety, and every citizen would breathe
more freely. Every species of property,
and over variety of business would ad
vance under its in ; and whilst the
debt would be diminishing, the public redo
flues would bo increasing, and thus the
prosperity of the Commonwealth and that
of her citizens promoted, for they aro in
separable from each other."
This is sensible. If Mr. Snowden had
not desired to pervert and deceive, he
would have spoken of Gov. Johnston's
Sinking Fund in the same manner. The
cases differed in this. In the one ease he was
praising his own foresight in making such
a suggestion. In the other, he would
have given credit to a man who; without
boasting and self-gratulation, has done
more for Pennsylvania than any Governor
she ever had. The difference in the cases
allowed Mr. Snowden to sustain a Sinking
Fund in the one, and ridicule it in the
other. We leave Mr. Snowdon with the
worst possible company—that of his own
candor and fairness.—Daily ✓lmerican.
Hover's Writing Ink.
"We are opposed to all kinds of Puf
fing,' in the figurative sense of the term.
Whether in the notice of a book, or any
thing else, wo have a repugnance to give
it a fulsome adulation, or to recommend it
in any way at all, unless we honestly be
' lieve it worthy of favor.
"We have again furnished ourselves
with a keg of llover's Black Writing Ink,
and when we say that this is not the first
or the second keg that has been procured
from Mr. Hover, the article may be con
sidered as being endorsed 'good' by us,
otherwise we should not have continued
its use for these six or seven yeere past.—
Others may have their preferences in favor
of different manufactures, and we are quite
willing that they enjoy those preferences
(save and except those of our correspon
dents, who sothetimes impose that loath
some Blue stuff upon us, which is not fit to
be used;) for our own part, we continuo the
the manufacture of Mr. Hover, whose ink
is not only clear and blank, but does not
clog and conglomerate our pen, as some
otherwise good inks do."—German
forcer! Messenger, Chanibersburg, Pa.