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°wittier TRINCIPLIES—SUPPORTED BY TRUTH.]
HUNTINDDOS, TUESDAY, MARCH 26, 1850.
The "HONTINODON JOURNAL" is published at
the following rates, viz $l,l a year, if paid'
in advance ; $2,00 if paid during the year, and
$2,30 if not paid until after the expiration of
the year. The above terms to be adhered to in
all cases. _ . .
No subscription Liken for le''s than six months,
and no paper discontinued until all nrrearages
are paid, unless ut the option of the publisher.
The. Democratic Whigs and all friends of the
National and Sate administrations, of Hun
tingdon county, are requested to meet in.COUN
TY MEETING on Tuasiva EVRNINGI, APRIL
9,1810, for the purpose of choosing a Represen
tative Delegate to the Whig State Convention,
to nominate a candidate for Canal •commission'-
er, and selecting Conferrees, to meet similar
Conferees from the counties of Bedford and
Blair, to select a Senatorial Delegate to said
Convention. A general attendance in request
ed. By order of the County Committee.
• JAS. CLARK, Chairman.
W. B. Zeigler, Sec'y.
B. & W. Snare have I eCeiVell a new stock of
spring and Summer Clothing.
H. W. SMITH has opened a new Book and
J. WILICIISELHAT23I will offer a great variety
of Spectacles, Bre., in this place during April
JOHN STONE & SONE, Philadelphia, advertise
The Commissioners of Broad Top Railroad
Company advertiee a notice.
J. PALMER & CO. Philadelphia, advertise
Fish, Salt, &c.
SCOTT'S Jewelry Store has been removed.
Notices relative to Spruce Creek and Philips
bong Turnpike road company.
Gov. Johnston and Slavery.
On Friday last Gov. Johnston transmitted to
the Legislature a special message, on the sub
ject of Slavery, a somewl.at extended notice of
which will be found in our Harrisburg fetter.
The message is too long for publication this
week, hot shall appe4r in our next. It is a bold
and manly expression of Pennsylvania senti
ment, ably written and dignified in its tone.
Gov. Johnston is a clear headed statesman, and
on the subject of Slavery, as on every other
question, he truly reflects the views and feel
ings of the masses of his native btate. All
praise to our worthy Executive—the honor and
interests of the old Keystone are safe in his
Tux RAILROAD. —The Pa. Ratlroad is begin
ning to doe very fine business in the way of car
ry:ng passengers. The cars now run to Sha
ver's Aqueduct, eleven miles east of this place,
and they daily bring to that point passengers
Su ffic ient to crowd two packet boats. We are
pleased to sea this evidence of prosperity on
this road. It deserves it. The road is well built;
the cars are the best we ever rode in, and the
fare is cheap--.onlc three cents per mile. When
completed, we venture to predict, that the Pa.
Railroad will do the largest business of any
Railroad in the cuuntry. It will be the great
thoroughfare between the East and the West,
and will yield a handsome profit to the stock
holders who risked their capital to start and
carry on this great enterprize.
Gen. 8, D. Karns.
The travelling public will be gratified to
know that this gentleman continues to run the
packet . 4 Wm. Colder" between Hollidays
burg and Shaver's Aqueduct. A few eve
nings s' nee we had the pleasure of making atrip
on his Packet from the last named point to this
place. As usual, we found every thing in the
best order. A few minutes after going on board
a supper was served up for the passengers that
would have done credit to any of the first class
Hotels. And then Karns is so obliging and
attentive. After getting the passengers com
fortably located on his boat he always looks
about to see if there are any whose health seems
to require extra attention. If so, he never
fails to present them with schriething reviting
and salutary in its etlect. In skirt Gen. Kerns
Is the prince oT good farms, and We heartily
wish him a most abundantly sifecearld Season.
During the past week the Census Dili ieiert.;
ad some consideration in the Senate, and thi
bill to supply the deficiencies in the appropria
tions, was discusssed in the House. The Sla
very discussion, however, occupied the pcinci.
pal portion of the time. The South is becoming
clamorous for a compromise, but what kind of
a compromise will suit them, is not yet made
manifest. Mr. Webster's great speech, it is
said, is very acceptable to the south, but on the
other band the North will not stand by its doc
trines. Indeed we cannot see how any North.
ern representative tan consent to go with Mr.
Webster in the wholesale concessions which he
proposes to make to plavery. The plan pro.
posed by President Taylot in his California
message is the only compromise that we would
consent, ac a citizen of the North, to favor. Let
California be adinlnol, and when the proper
time arrives, we will talk about New Mexico,
Deseret, dec. And as on all other questions, let
the voice of the majokty role, and like good
Republicans, let the minority quietly acquiesce.
Tut Cirs op LzwisrowN.—A bill incorpo
rating the borough or Lewistown into a city,
passed the House on Tue=dw:• last. Gnat
The Legislature.--Private Legislation.
We spent a day or two at Harrisbtirg ddring
the past week, and after attending to'alittle
private business, We took a look at the Legisla.
tare. And we must confess, that with a few
honorable exceptions, we were not faibrably
impressed with either the honesty or capacity
of the members. The majority of the members,
especially of the loOter House, appear to be the
smallest kind of narrow minded politicians.
Their aim is rot the public good, but hcw they
may acqUire a little temporary popularity at
home or most effectually thwart their politi
cal. opponents. The Speaker's Chair is filled
with one of this class of politicians. In all our
experience, we never seen a Speaker of the
House of Representatives for whom we did not
entertain some degree of respect, until the Chair
has been filled by John S. itlcCalmont. He is a
most perfect specimen of arrogance anti vanity
combined. When seated in his chair, ohe would
suppose from the peculiar curl of his lip and the
forbidding expression of his critintenance, that
some (Airfoils matter was in contiguity with his
The busiresi nailer consideration was all of
a private hharactet. business has
to remain in the back grou'ild; while every slay
' private aces " too numerous to mention," grant
ing exclusive privileges to the fevi and infring
on the rights of the many, are passing without
a dissenting voice! if an individual wants to
overreach his neighbors, and there is no law to
protect him in doing so, all he need do is
spend the winter at Harr IsbUrg,pa) a little at
tention to some knave or fool who barmen's to
disgraCe some ohs of the many unfortunate
counties of the Commonwealth, get him to read
a bill in place to accomplish his purpose, and it
becomes a law without perhaps a half dozen
members of either House understanding its pro
visions or its effects upon the community in
terested. For the truth of this assertion, we
appeal to all who huge pxid any attention to the
doings of our Legislature for a few years past,
and especially during the present session. And
the worst feature of all is, that none but the
rich are favored with a grant of these exclusive
privileged. All the Locofoco rant against cur
porations and exclusive privileges with which
the people are entertained, on the eve of every
election, is but hypocritical cant, intended to
deceive. Go to Harrisburg during the session,
and you will there see Locofoco members the
most active in promoting the private Legisla
tion so fiercely condemned before the people.
But we must confess that members of both par
ties are guilty of this sin, and we do not wish
to screen any from merited censure.
hots id att this to be remedied I We
answer, by eledY.ing honest Men to the Legisla
ture. Capacity should not b'e fhe ohly test in
selecting representatives. Honesty and Un
yielding morality should be prominent features
in the characters of those selected to make
Laws. " The greatest good of the greatest
number," and not the " greatest good to myself
and a few exclusive friends," should be the
mottd of every Legislator. It is high time that
Hie people should wake up to the importance
of this matter. A chw years more of the kind
of Legislation now in fashion at Harrisburg,
'will strip the veople at large of all their rights,
and transfer them to the ifessigniw, artful few.
We may recur to this subject again.
Go IV Toll Bridge l--Free Bridge
it gsfining on yoii
Early in this month an act "relative fo'
bridges," on the Juniata, passed both branches
of the Legislature and became a law. At its
provisions may be interesting to many of our
readers, we give it entire, as folio ws
SECTION 1. Be is enacted, Th at it shall
not hereafter be lawful to erect any free bridge
over the Juniata river or its tributaries
within the distance of one mite from any Toll
bridge constructed by any company incorpora
ted by this Commonwealth I Provided, That
in case the County Commissioners of arry
county in which such *roll Bridge may be situ
ated, shall be desirous to purchase the same,
for the purpose of malting it a free Bridge, they
may offer the owners of said bridge such a sum
for the same as three competent disinterested
persons (to be chosen one by each of the parties
and the third •by the two persons thus chosen)
may after n careful view thereof, determine it
to be worth; and should said company not ac
cept the said offer (which may be made in wri
ting to the President or Secretary of said com
pany) within fifteen days after it shall he made,
as aforesaid, then, and in that event, it shall be
lak•fnl for said Commissioners, or any associa
tion of individuals, to erect a free bridge or
bridges wherever they may see proper over the
said river or its tributaries."
Last week, however, the following amend
ment, explanatory of the above act, passed both
Houses, and way signed by the Governor, as
That the act passed ttie 11th day of March,
1850, entitled 'an Act relative to Bridges,' shall
not be so construed as to prevent the erection of
a free bridge within the distance of one mile
from uny Incorporated toll bridge which shall
have enjoyed the rights and privileges of said
act of incorporation, for a period of fifteen
The Pa. 'telegraph sky , , —The House of Rep
resentatives intik up ou Thus situ, the resolu
tion for a final ailjoifrinnent. 'rho day apparent
ly agreed upon was the 9th of April, though no
final vote was taken. We have no doubt, but
that will be the day ; though thefe is an appar
ent effort making in some quarter, us is evident
by not taking up the important bills, to prtilong
the session. The people have to pay the piper;
andlor a majority of the Members of the pres
ent House, one dollar and fifeveenia is high
per dices pay, especially with the perquisites
which are said to be going. •
07 - The Stockholders of the Pennsylvania
Railroad, at a special meeting held on thh 19th
inst., resolved to submit thequestion of running
the cars on Sunday, to a vote of ail the stock
holders, the polls to remain open for thirty
Irr The last Foreign News reports a down
ward tendency in breadstuff's and cotton. No
change as yet in Philudeludelphia market. Flour
W selling for 51 7.5 per WA., and Wheat at *tete
07 feg Led. end Al I eat I ( wliite.
Letter from Harrisburg.
Correspondence of the Huntingdon Journal.
7 ; he Goverriorq Ales tage-Slavery Question,
HAIIRISLIVRG, March 23, 1830.
DEAR COL.: -1 am one day behind with my
letter this week. Absolute necessity compelled
the delay, but I trust it will reach you in time.
The exciting topic of the day—the rights of
the south and north On the question of slavery
is now fairly before the Legislature.
The States of Virginia and Georgia, some
weeks since, forwarded to our Executive cer
tain resolutions in relation 16 the preservation
of the Union, the ihetitutidnof shivery, &c., and
on yesterday Gov. Johnston handed those reso
lutions over to the Legislature of our State, ac
companied by a message, giving his views upon
thotte interesting and important subjects. It so
hatipened that at the time of the delivery of the
Message the House was discussing the proprie
ty 61 the repeal of the kidnapping law of 1847.
As may be well supposed, the Message sadly
discomfitted the pro-slaiery men.
The tnessage is a earth, dignified,.and impar
tial review of our la*s upon the ilubject of sla
very, and a plain untarnished history of Penn
sylvania's views and feelings. There is no
' rant- , -no braggaddcia—no "gammon," to use a
homely but expressive term. It reviews the
whole history of the institution of slavery ; how
and why it was entailed upon our country. It
proves beyond all controversy, that, while
the fathers of our country found it engrafted and
fastened upon us by the cupidity and oppression
of the mother country, that they, guided by that
patriotism and love of hiiman freedom with
which they were so' deeply embued, hesitated
not to proclaim, it a wrong of the greatest mag
nitude; and actnated by that holy zeal for hu
man fights, they early sought to circumscribe
its limits, and to adopt such measures as they
believed would finally wipe out the foul stain
of human bondage from among the institutions
of a people who believed that he alone was a
"freeman whom the ttuth makes free."
The message then recites the la - vs of our
own State upon the subject, and demonstrates
with equal clearness that our honest old com
monwealth has never changed the views which
our fathers and her children had teamed in that
school which first taught tYniversal liberty to
the bondsmen of every creed, of every clifire and
of every color. It shows that her sacred love
of human rights had never grow n Cold, that her
honor and integrity had never been sacrificed or
silenced by the cold and selfish claims of policy.
Stern and unyielding in the cause of right, her
voice was ever heard upon the same aide, and
hef footsteps ever guided by that pure flame
which was first kindled off Freedom's altar-fires
by that great and good man who proclaimed that
"all men were created free and equal."
An allusion is then made to the wrongs that
Pennsylvania has received at the hands of her
sister States, or the National - government, to
gratify the caprice of some of those States ; and
in a few brief sentences, then shows how meek
ly and patiently she has borne those injuries,
and in none of her complaints mingled threats
against this glorious Union ; that the chief end
and aim of her national being, has been, to make
more firm the tie that binds us together as one
rretrple ; and to make universal those holy truths
WhiCh Duff common' fralteis Write in their own
red blood upon a ihonsand fields, & taught when
the toils of strife were over, around their loved
hearth stones, and prayed for at their family al
It is truly refreshing in these our days, when
honest truth is hidden, and wary policy stalks
abroad at noon day, to see the homely and
wholesome sentiments of our faithful Common,.
wealth proclaimed by our Executive. Every
Pennsylvanian should be proud that her Govern
or has risen above the time serving trick of the
age, and fearlessly taken his stand in defence of
the ancient land marks of freedom; and every
honest Whig has cause to rejoice that he has
been instrumental in displaying, in its pristine
purity, the unfaded glory of our liberty loving
No More Slave States.
A Washington Letter writer says :- 64 There
are nren who believe that the Missouri com
promise line, with sundry declarations of fun
damental doctrines, will answer the purposes
of securing to the South the Territory south
of the line, and the occupation ivy Slave labor
and Under a Slave State Government, of the
lower half of California. Ftirthermore, the
South looks, perhaps, to the prospect of main
taining the balance of power by further ac
quisitions from Meticb, where Slave labor, in
the cultivation of Cotton, Sugar and Tothico,
would be highly profitable. With the slight
est encouragement from the United States, the
whole of Mexico might Le annexed without
the firing of a hostile gun. In this view the
Missouri comprothise litre is a matter of great
and practical consequence to the Soria."
Here, says the heading Journal, is a good
and sufficient reason, if there were no other,
why the North should never consent to run
the IgissOuti compromise fine through to the
Pacific. Concede this paint and it would open
the dobY to new demands, new aggressions,
new concpests, We all know that Texas was
annexed and the Mexicali War brought about
by the Sotith, for the avowed purpose of
"diffusing" their pecidiar institution over a
wider range, and maintaining the balance of
power by the acqUisitien of half a doi,en new
Slave States. Once establish the principle
that all Territory . icqnired SOuth of a certain
line shall be given O'vec to Slavery, and you
again open the doot to War, Conquest and
Annexation. To avoid all the evils that would
unqueStionably arise, the North should with
one voice determine that there shall be no more
Slave States. Let this be Understood now,
and we shall nor again be plunged into War for
the acquisition of more Slave Territory.
A Fight between U. S. Senators.
A personal collision took place in Washing
ton city on Friday the lath inst., between two
T.T. S. Senators, which is thus noted by a city
Thera was a personal collision last evening
between Senators Foote of Mississippi and Bor
land of Aakansas, in the vicinity of the Na
tional Intelligenecr. It arose from a discussion
on politics. Mr. foreland charged Mr. Foote
with a desertion of Mr, Calhoun and of the
cause of the South. To this Mr. Foote retort
ed that Mr. Borland was n mere tender to Mr.
More bitter words followed, and then Mr.
Bor..land struck Mr. Foote in the face, and fol.
lowing up the, blow injured him coneiderably.
tie was carried into the Intel ligeneer office.
Jt is reported this morning that mutual friends
are already negotiating for an adjustment. Se,
condom legent honoree.
The Washington Union of Satarday night
states that the differenCe between these gentle
men VI, nee ir
Tile British Party.
The fact can no longer be disguised that the
Locofocos are the British party of this country
—the party that stand up for British at the ex
pense of American interests. The British rep
resentatives of the Locofoco party in the Penn
sylvania Legislature—the Britiet representa
tives of the same party in Congressand the
Hnn. Henry L. Bulwer, the British Minister
resident at Washington, all agree in opinion as
to the policy of continuing the present rates of
duties, especially upon Br:emu Inc.!
The Locofocos in our State Senate, several
days ago, true to their British sympathies, refu
sed, by a strict party vote, to take up the reso
lution offered by Mr. King, in the early part of
the session, instructing our Senators and reques
ting our representatives in Cdngress to use their
influence in procuring important modifications of
the present Tariff.
So perfectly accordant is the action of the
State Senate with the views and feelings dis
closed in Mr. Bulwer's impudent letter, that the
Harrisburg Telegraph very truly observes, ~o ne
might believe our Locofoco friends, in that body
had received their cue from its distinguished
author himself. It may be, that the Minister's
zeal in regard to thin mattde fe , l hint tOaddreag
himself to the members of our State Legisla
ture, in addition to urging his views upon the at
teution of the President. In that sort of diplo
macy, if the Minister is a good borer, he will
probably be more successful than he will in
accomplishing the legitimate objects of his mis
sion. But be that as it may, the striking coinci
dence exhibited in the action of the Locofocos
in the Pennsylvania Legislature, and that of the
British Minister at Washington, shows the ddep
sympathy for British interests which is every
where entertained by the leading members of the
The fact is forced upon the messes whd bade
been deceived and injured, that the Loco Foto
Tariff of 1816 is indeed a British Tarilf=a Mea
sure so highly prized at the Court of St. James,
that the Cabinet of her august Majesty Queen
Victoria, have instructed their Representative at
Washington to remonstrate against any change
or modification of existing duties! Does not
this exhibit, in strong light, the.BRITISH POL
ICY upon which this Locofoco Tariff is based
People of Pennsylvania, will you longer
be deceived ? Can you support a set of unprin
cipled politicians who advocate British interests
in preference to tne interests of their own coun
try I—who legislate for the benefit of foreign
maufactures anti foreign paupers 1 If not, , come
out from among the foul party'—take your place
in the ranks of the great American Whig party
—and let your voice go up with theirs in favor
of American interests I
A Locefoco Martyr.
B. F. Baowet the Biographer of Gen. Cass—
the calumniator of Gen. Taylor—the value of
whose great services were so strongly urged
upon the public by the Washington Union, and
whose dismissal from office was trumpeted forth
as a national calamity which his locofoco admi
rers were about to qualify by giving him a val
uable office in the House, has been arrested in
Michigan upon that charge from which he late
ly fled, of drawing money from the Treasury
upon forged papers, and is on his way, in custo
dy, for Washington. It is hoped that he has
•lost nothing of his hold on the affections of the
Democracy and the Union eators,
THE CHOLERA AT TILE SOUT/1.--The southern
papers contain frequent mention of the appear
ance of the cholera in various directions, and
in some places with extreme severity. We
have already mentioned that in the village of
Trinity thirty miles from Natchez, the fatality
was so great that those who survived fled in
terror, leaving the place depopulated. A party
of forty-eight persons embarked at Memphis on
an old "stock boat," and before they reached
Natchez,, on the 25th of February, twelve of
them had died or cholera. At West Baton Ro
gue, La., there were eases of cholera on the 25th
of February, but not very severe. At Mont
gomery, Ala., on the 2d inst. there was consid
erable alarm, owing to the appearance of the
cholera dmong slaves on plantations dear the
city. Fifteen tpr twenty cases had Occutted.=.
Nothing is said in the New Orleans papers
about the existence of the cholera in that city.
A Year in Power.
The Union yesterday contains an ar
ticle which it calls a "Review of the
Administration—the First Year.' In
this review it undertakes to assign rea
sons, grotving oat of the policy of the
Administration, to account for the fact
that "it was compelled to face Congress
with majorities in both Houses against
We can give the Union a better ex
planation of these majorities. That in
the &enate Viis hostile when President
TArox came into power. That in the
House arrises not from any merit or
demerit of President TAYLOR or his Ad
ministration. President TAYLOR is stron
ger this day in the hearts of the Ameri
can people thatr he has ever been. But
there is a majority against MO in the
House, growing out of—
I. The combination at the North be
tween the Locofocos proper and the
11. The combination nt the SYuth be
tween the Lacofotbs proper nod the Dis
The triple coalition of Locofoccism,
Abolition, and Disunion, has been once
represented in the person of WILLIAM J.
BROWN—with what success is matter of
history. We have no fears that a coali
tion which can never be fittingly repre
sented by any better man will ever make
any permanent headway against Presi
dent Ts vto R.—Republic.
IMPORTANT SLAVE DECISION.--The Su
preme Court of Illinois, in a case recent
ly before it, discharged a slave on the
ground that the State law under which
he was arrested, is a nullity, because it
assumes to legislate upon a subject mat
ter over which Congress has exclusive
Trial of Prof. Webster.
The trial of Prof. J. W. Webster com
menced at Boston, on last Tuesday, for
the murder of Dr. George Parkman.
In opening the case to the jury, Mr..
Clitlbrd, counsel for the 'government,
made a succinct statement of the facts
which it was his intention to prove.—
These, he averred, established two prop
6sitions : Ist, that Dr. Parkman was
murdered ; and 2d, that Dr..). W. Web
ster committed the deed. Dr. Parkman
would be proved to have been alive on
Friday, the 23d of November, and was
last seen to . Enter the medical college,
ten minutes before two o'clock in the af
ternoon of that day. He was a punctu
al man, particularly at his meals ; had a
sick daughter who he was tending, and
on Whom he Was attendant. For
her comfort he bird poschased some let
tuce—difficult at that season to b btain—
which he left at a store, intending to call
for it afterward to carry home to her.—
He entered the Medicirl college;trnd was
not again seen.. The utmost search was
made by his friends, aided by the entire
police and liberal rewards ; but no per
son had ever been found who had seen
and conversed tVith him since that time.
On Sunday, for the first time, Dr.
Parktnan's friends learned from Dr.
Webster himself, that he had bee' in
company with him on Friday, between I
and 2 o'cloek. On the 13th of Nov. were
found in a prify fault in the Medical
College, the pelvis and right thigh, to
the knee, of a body corresponding to that
of Dr. Perlman. On the evening after,
were found in Dr. Webster's laboratory,
in a ten chest, a thorax and left thigh;
from the knee to the hips. After Ward
were found, in the furnance of Dr. Web ,
ster, bones; d quantity of gold, and a
block of inineeel teeth, None of fhe
bones found in the furnace were dupli ,
entes of those found in the tea chest or
vault. The teeth would be fully 41600-
tied by Dr. Keep, as a se: which he late
ly made for Dr. Perlman, and a mould
would be shown Which exactly coat's- -
ponded to a jaw botte fatted In the fur
nace. The thotax was perforated in the
region of the heart. There have been
chemical applications of strong alkali
to the remains, and the veins had not
been ihjeeted *illr any perservative flu-
This was the evidence going to
shove that Or: Parkerften had been mur
On the second head, that the prison.
er murdered Dr. Park man. Mr. Clifford
went into a minute detail of Dr. Web
ster's pecuniary relations of 1849., when
he borrc wed money of him, and had been
in debt and embarrasment ever since,
and he would show that Dr. Warmer
dishonestly endeavored to raise money
of Robert G. Shaw and others ; an prop
erty mortgaged to Dr. Park man, and that
Dr. Parktnan regarded him as a dishon
est man, and pressed him accordingly
to recover his debt ; he alleged that it
would be proved that Dr. Webster had
made conflicting statements, and false
ones, in relation to money mild to Dr.
Parkman, find that at the time of the
latter's disappearance, all of Dr. IVeb ,
ster's property was bound to him.
Mr. Clifford also dwelt at great length
,on Dr. Webster i s conduct during the
time of his arrest, and contended that
a great number of circumstance. would
be found irreconcilable with the supposi
tion of his innocence./
A License Law that Works Well.
Among other provisions of the license
law of Wisconsin, is one which requires
the venders of spiritous liquors to give
bends, with sureties, to respond iiY dam
ages to third persons sustaining dam
ages that can be traced to the sale of li
quor by them. Under this law a suit
was instituted by one Loelcy Keyser
against Joseph Heath and his sureties
sod On the part of the plaintiff it was
proved that the principle', Heath, sold
sotne time in , the month' of October last,
liquors at differetit times to Jacob Key
ser, the husba'n'd of the plaintiff; that
the said husband was attacked with de.
lerium tremens in the month of NoVern.
ber, and was the object of great care and
attention on the part of his wife, from
which care and fatigue she became
sick, &c. The verdict of the J ury was
for the plaintiff; 13100—the extreme of
A GOOD SUGGESTION.—The Register,
a etatinch Whig paper published in
Knoxville, Tenn., says :
nAs the disuninnists to of holding
a Convention at Nashville in June next,
it has been suggested that the friends
of the Union in the south, meet in Con
vention at the same place en the 4th of
July next, We are for this most hear
tily and every other scheme for rebuking
the mad spirit e treason to the constitu
[tion, which is seeking to alienate the
affections of the people from that bond
of States that every American citiz'en
should estimate as being above all price.
Our motto is :--Down with the' Faction
ists—Every thing for the Union."
TEXAS AND THE UNION.—The Legis
lature of Texas, just previous to its ad
journment, passed an act providin g for
the election by the people of four dele
gates to the Nashville Convention from
each of the two Congressional Districts,
and voted down a resolution instructing
said delegates to oppose every act on
the part of said Convention which might
tend to a dissolution of the American
LOUIS NAPOLEON GOING TO ABDICATE.
—The Washington correspondent of the
Charleston Courier, tells the following
I learn that a letter has been receiv:
ed here, from n gentleman in Paris, whd
was formerly Minister from France to
this country, stating that Louis Napoleon
is in a sate of actual physical imbecility,
that he is incapable of carrying on the
Government, that he has been waited
upon by a Committee representing the
leading parties, and persuaded to abdi.
date his authority as President. Tbd .
letter further states that , ins Napoleon
cotisented, at their sage" ion, to abdi
cate in favor of the Duktiii Bordeaux,
With a reservation df the Via of the
Court de Paris. So the monarchy is like
ly soon to be restored.
GOLD HUNTING.—An incident •-*"
related to us yesterday of an old man
from Syracuse, N. Y., who had 41.4 r!.
taken sick at the mines out on SacraMen
to, and who having exhausted all hiA
provisions, was in a most deplorable
state. He went about from tent to tent
among the miners to beg a mouthful to
eat to keep him from starvation. The
miners in scattering out, generally take
a rod square; Which is considered the
limits of their diggings. Entering a
camp one tiny the old Man begged for a
meal, and told his stork df ridt.ersity.
"Let's give him a chnnee," said the . men,
'he's an old limn and is sick; what say
you? let's help him out.' "Well, agreed ' I
replied the party. 'Here, old,man,' said
one of them "you may have that spot
over yonder where you see that rock:
so take your pick und go to work."
The old man started out, rind oh the
first day realized the sum of Sixty dol
lars. This gave hint tie* hope; nhd his
friends rejoiced with him at his good
luck. The next day, however the old
man was unlucky, and did not realize a
tent. They told him to try again, how
everi and he did so. In picking under
the rock rift& the ekertlon of a Wholti
day; the old man found what is called a
'hen's nest,' from which in on week he
realized the handsome sum of $17,000.
His fronds told him that he had bet
ter stop now, as he was old, and start
home. So he adopted their advice,
and took the steamer at Chagres for'
New York: We hope the old gentle
man may live to enjoy his good fortune.
MRS. HOWARD.—This lady, wholorne
month since, killed the paramour of her
husband, Captain. HoWard.; at Cincinnati,
has been appointed guardian of her chii
dern, who, by the death of their father,
have been left some $40,000 t►►otth of
property: Mrs. Howard has recov
erd entirely her reason, and made per
sonal application to the court to be ap
pointed the guardian.
IMPORTANT DISCOVERY.-A nentnntot h
vein of 'white ash coal, of saperi'ar 4ual:
• ity, has been struck on the property of
Dr. McCarty, a short. distance north of
Port Carbon, Schuylkill county r in this
State. It is from twenty to fifty feet in
thickness, and as ft was struck on the
. 6 saddle," as it in called, or where an up
heave has throtva the vein near the sur
face, they drove across it, through near
ly yolk! Coal ; a distnnre of 93 feet.
'This is regarded as the begining of new
discoveries of coal beds in that vicini
ity, for which several costly explore.
lions are now i'n rn.dgress:
Buraing of the Stearnar St. John—Thin ,
ty ilersods Burnt to Death and Drown ,
MoNTaomiiir ALA., &reit 7th.
The steamer St. John was burnt to the
waters edge near Bridgeport, Dallas co.,
.on her upward trip . to Itlontgomervi
at 6 o'clock on Tuesday evening. It is
isiipposed that stout g 0 persons were
burn( to death and drOWned. The fire
was accidental and caught from the heat
of the boilers. All the ladies on board
numbering 7 or 8 were lost. Lieut..
Rice of the U. S. A., Yost some $250,-
000 ; several Californians also lost their
all. The boat was insured fo7 $20,000.
She cost $40,000.
GkoactA.—The people of Cass coun
ty, to Ciedrgia, have held a meeting,
respectiVe of piny, in which they passed
resolutions in favor of admitting Califor
nia into the Union rwith proper limits,'
, rind protesting against the Southern Con- ;
d'ention, proposed to be held at Nash:
ville, as involving danger to the Union,
MR. BENTON AND Mn. CALRODN.—rt
is reported that gr. tienten has or+
dered a considerable number of Mr. Cnl:
houn's speech, for distribution in Miss.
ouri. He will not reply fo it. When.
asked if he should answer, his response
ivas—"l‘lo, sir; proves all f said of him,
sir. l predicted the *hole thing, sir, in
my Jefferson city speech, sir. Rank dis
union, sir; nothing else, sir ;• all explain
ed in my Speech, sir; here are tiVe copies
sir i find the whole explained there,
Mae. JAreas K. Po - mt.—This lady has,
we kitten, since the death of her has:
band, almost entirely secluded herself
from society. She seems to be ineon=
solable in her grief. The huge pillars
of the new house into which they had'
Ijiust removed, when the melancholy bet
reavement occurred, are still 'roped