Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, July 13, 1847, Image 1

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    lIIJINTINGDON jOLß''': - i. Le
VOL. XII, NO. 28.
puplished hereafter at the following rates, viz:
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vance, the Journal will be sent at $1.50 per
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shall receive the Journal one year for his trouble.
ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding one square,
will be inserted three times for $1 00, and for every
'subsequent insertion 25 cents. If no deffinite or ,
ders are given as to the time an advertisement Is
to bo continued, it will be kept in.till ordered out
and charged accordingly.
[Correspondence of the Huntingdon Journal.]
'rim TARIFF.
BARREE FORGE, July 2, 184.7.
Jas. Clark, Esq.—Dr. Sir t—l have
enclosed you an article from a Pittsburg
paper, which I will thank you to publish
in your Journal, as I think it at this time
appropos. Who does not know that
Gen. Irvin has always been the steady
unflinching friend of a protective tariff 1
He was prominent and efficient in hav
ing the Act of 1842 passed. Witness
his speech on that occasion—the various
letters of members of Congress refering
to that period and the convulsed condi
tion of the National Legislature, before
this act was passed. But it is needless
to write dissertations on this subject
now—the facts are too well known to
he denied. The contrast of the Whig
Tariff of 1842 and the Locofoco Tariff
of 184.6 is fully set forth in the article
from the Pittsburg paper. The facts
there speak for themselves. Let mechan
ics, farmers, laborers, and manufacturers
read it. Let them say then, whether
the Loco Foco Tariff of 18.1.6 shall be
repealed, or whether the price of Labor
shall be reduced to a level with that of
the starving paupers of Europe, to sus
tain it.
The crisis-is approXimating, when we
shall be called on to determine—let us
act advisedly. If we sustain the pres
ent administration, by re-electing F. R.
Shank, who is nothing more or less than
an " adjunct professor " with James. K.
Polk, we say that the British Tariff of
1846 is right—Labor must be reduced, in
order to enable the mechanic &c. to com
pete with the foreign manufacturer.—
Will the free, American citizen submit
to this l Can he live on the same kind
of food the poor serfs of Europe do
He cannot.
On the contrary, should we elect Gen.
laviN to the Gubernatorial chair of Pa.
it will be an entering wedge to the riving
assunder of the present Anti-Protective
Loco Foco dynasty. Gen. Scott or Gen.
Taylor will succeed to the Presidency,
and the whole system of British policy
will be annihilated. Our country will
again smile with joy—our hills and val.
leys, will echo with the merry sound of
the hammer, and the joyous song of the
husbandman. Let us look to it--let us
not slumber on our posts.
From the Pittshurg Journal
British and American Iron.
The Necessity of a Tariff to the American
In the foreign news published yester
day, in the Journal, it is stated that
large orders had been received in Eng.
land, from the United States for British
The prices of Iron in Liverpool are
stated to be, fur British .£9 7s. a .£lO ;
and for Welsh £8 10s. a £8 15s.
This allowing $4 83 to the pound
sterling, instead of $4,80, which is the
Custom House value of the pound, would
make the rates in our money ► for British
bar, $45 15 a $4B 30 ; for Welsh, $4l
04 a $42 24 per ton. In regarding these
*dues, it should be borne in mind that
Merchant Bar Iron in England, or what
is usually quoted as Bar bon, compre
hends grades of iron which our manu
facturers could not afford at less than
ten to twenty dollars per ton higher than
they can afford and do sell what they
call Common Bar. Iron. With this un
derstanding, it will be perceived that the
contrast we present between British and
American hob, is still more striking than
our present figures make it.
By the Tata' of 1846 the duty impos
ed upon this description of Iron is 30 per
A toil of British bar iron could be lan
ded at New York, from Liverpool, on
the following terms: If worth in Liver
pool $45 15, the addition of $l3 54 du
ty, would bring the price up to $5B 69.
If it costs in Liverpool $4B 30—the °tit
. . ...
er extreme of the market—the addition
of the impost $l4. 49, would advance the '
price to $O2 79.
To this must be added the charge of
freight. This item, however, is very in
considerable, as the iron is principally
brought over as ballast. It is much more
than compensated by the difference be
tween the British and American ton, the
latter being 2,000 pounds weight, and
the former 2,240 pounds. Thus, even
allowing the nominal rate per tbid to be
; the same in both countries , in reality
I more Btitish iron would be given for the
1 same money.
The value of the 240 pounds of Iron,
would in every case, double the cost of
freight, but for the sake of the argu
ment, we will allow the two items to
pass, as of similar amounts.
A ton of Welsh bar, costing in Liver
pool $4.1 04., would be worth in N, Y.,
$53,35; if it cost $42,24 in Liverpool, it
I would be worth in the United States,
1554, 91.
_. _ _ . _
_ .
The better quality of this Iron, cannot
be manufactured in this country for less
than $75 or $BO per ton ; and no des
cription of it can be made for less than
$6O per ton.
The following table shows the posture
in which these facts exhibit the iron
trade in Europe and America t that is,
the prices which iron of the me quail
ean be produced and landed Y. by
tire one, and sold at. home by.the other,
under the act of 1846, indicating the
quality by numbers:
English Bar, No. 1,
American Bar, do.,
Showing an advantage in favor of
the British mant►facture of $19,21 per
English bar, No. 2,
American, ' 2,
Showing an advantage, on the part of
the British manufacturer of $16,31 per
Welsh, No, 1, $54,91
American, No. 1, 60,00
Showing an advantage on the part of
the British producer of $6,09 per ton.
The rate given for the manufacture of
American Iron in the above, is the low
est possible figure at which it can be
Welsh, No. 2, X 53,95
American, No, 2, 60,00
Showing an advantage on the part of
the British manufacturer of $6,65 per
To present our weaning in the techni
calities of the trade, we wilt restate the
case and the facts in another shape.
Juniatta Bar Iron of 11 by a inch in
width up, and from 1 inch round and
square up, we call our best American
Bar, and sell it at from $75 to $BO per
ton of 2,000 lbs. This article is about
equal to best English refilled Iron, now
worth £lO in Liverpool, and capable of
beir►g sold in Now York at $62 79 per
ton of 2 ► 240 pounds.
. . _ .
Our iuddled and boiled Iron, of the
same sizes, sold at $6O per ton of 2,000
pounds, is about equal to the common
English Bar, which can be sold in New
York for less than $55 per ton of 2,240
In the first class of Iron, (British bar,
No. I) mentioned above, the English
dealer includes portions of iron, which
our manufacturers would be totally un
able to make for $BO per ton; although
we have not made this specification In
the tables,
These figures demonstrate clearly, to
:hose who canbe convinced by any evi
deuce at all, that the iron trade can
be sustained by a protective tariff:—
While their labor is compensated as it
is at present, it is out of the question
for the American manufacturers to com
pete with those of Europe. Hence arises,
for the sake of labor, the necessity of a
'Tariff for protection.
With inadequate protection the man
ufacturer in This country will find him
self brought into competition with the
He must then either close his estab
lishment, or find means to manufacture
as cheaply as his foreign competitor.—
Must labor be sacrificed 1 That is the
question to be decided, for in no other
way eau his expenses be reduced
Unless protection is afforded by gov
ernment, labor must either go idle, or
content itself with reduced compensa.
The manufacturer hill not be Compel=
led, merely, to discover means for Ma
king large profits; or the profits which
he is now making. I-1c must provide
ttgainst actual loss. After taking the
difference stated above between the price
of English and American iron, from the
rate at which he : is now selling, he will,
so far from having a margin left him for
profit, be the actual loser.
Hence the operation of low duties
upon laborers, and the vital importance
which the subject assumes in relation
to them.
In reference to
. the interests of the
iron trade, the tariff of 184.2 was every
way superior to.that of 1846. It impo
sed a duty of $25 per ton upon bar iron.
. .
At the prices brought out bythe Cam
bria,The following table shows the differ
ence in the rates at which the British
iron could have been sold, per ton, at
New York, under the two tariffs :
British Bar.
No: 1, $73 00
No. 2, $7O 15
No. 1, $67 24
No. 2, $66 04
The corresponding qualities of Amer
ican iron cannot be sold at less than
$BO, $75, or $6O per ton.
A glance is sufficient to show that un
der the tariff of 1846, the protection is
as inadequate, as that of 1842 is suffi
cient The former is far below the ac
tual ticeessitits of the trade, while the
latter is neither unreasonably high nor
We go in for protecting Iron, because,
the Iron manufacturers pay liberal com
pensation to labor. Upon this ground,
we arc content to place otir argument in
favor of protecting, by means of a Tar
iffs, this great interest of PcnnsylVanith
A Nitzamin WOMAN.—Miss Plumley,
in her journals of travels in Palestine,
gives this discription of the women of
the city of Nazareth. There had been
a wedding on the afternoon of her arri
val ; and in the evening, the bride with
a bundle of clothes on her head, was es
corted by a troup of girls with music,
round the town, to the house of her hus
band, where they, remained clapping
their hands, and with the aid of a few
drums, making a grat noise until a lute
$62 79
80 00
The Syrian Greek women are, beyond
comparrison, the loveliest in the world ;
We saw many of those of Nail - treat, who
came down with their pitchers to the
fountain Nabor for water, in whom were
visibly united, all that painters may en
deavor to picture—all that poets dream.
Thefeatures combine perfect propor
tion of the Greek model, with the char
acter and expression of the daughters
of Israel; their figures, the united deli
cacy and voluptuousness of form, which
the finest statues possess. The cos
tume of those we saw this evening, was
well suited to their wearers. Their long
hair, which plaited fell over their shoul
ders, and was in many instances orna
mented with great numbers of gold se
quins, and sonic perals; in others, flow
ers of brilliant hues replaced the "pearl
and gold," but all wore the full, loose
trowsers, drawn tight at the ancle,
(which, not unfrequently, was encircled
with silver braceletts,) the petticoat
reaching only to the knees, and the un
der vest open at the breast. It is neith
er boddice, tunic or jacket, but some•
thing between each.
er was so much false arithmetic employ
ed on any subject, as that which has
been employed to persuade nations that
it is their interest to go to war. Wore
the money which it has cost, to join, at
the close of a long war, a little town, or
a little territory, the right to cut wood
here, or to catch fish there, expended in
improving what they already possess, in
making roads, opening rivers, building
ports, improving the arts, and finding
employment for the idle poor, it would
render them much stronger, and much
wealthier and much happier. This I
hope will be our wisdom." —Jefferson's
[jam A late Baltimore Sun contaiiis a
notice of a new and valuable description
of wheat raised by Capt. Henry R. Smelt
zer, of Middletown valley, Frederick
county. It is called "Polish whent,' and
the heads contain from 90 to 120 grains
each, about as much as three heads of
ordinary Wheat. It branches and grows
fiery much like rye, ripening Bor 10
days earlier than other descriptions,
yielding a smooth White grain, and is
said to be never effected by either mil
dew; smut or fly. Mr. Sineltzer has a
field of this wheat which it is supposed
will yield 40 or 45 bushel's per acre.
It?' Falh'e'r killed himself last Sat
urday week in Clarksville, Tennq in
consequence of the bad conduct of his
sons 'The act which itnmediately led to
his seeking refuge' In death ? wee the dc•
tection of his son MEE theft front the fno'•
ney drafter of a grocery,. for Athich• he
iN now irr ptiPon •
Bh IfiusTiiteue.„
There is no situation in life; which
affords so much comfort and enjoyment
as that of having body and mind con
stantly employed. Although there ap
pears to be itt the minds of most people
a natural antipathy to labor, yet it is
well kinitvn t and generally admitted by
those whose cirettlffstances !mire at tithes
required incessant labor, and at other
times perfect exemption from care, that
there is vastly more enjoyment in indus ,
try than idleness, It is thn plain and
express• duty of every persim to be in-
dustrious, and to improve every hour of
their time, Ih the full exercise of their
natural strength and faculties, in the
most useful employment. No circum
stances in life can furnish an excuse for
the neglect of this duty. We would not
in these remarks, wholly proscribe rec
reation; but a well balanced mind will
find the most healthy and pleasant recre
ation in exercises Which are decidedly
useful dhd beneficial to themselves and
others. For example ; a boy takes pleas
ure in the exercise of hauling a little
cart loaded with earth er stones, though
there be no advantage in the removal of
those articles : but does he find any less
pleasure, under a consciousness of doily ,
good, when removing the same materials
'from a place where they were an eneum'
brance, to another place where they are
wanted I Certainly not. Or if a thiss
finds pleasure in walking in the fields,
that pleasure is rather enhanced than
otherwise, if she can accomplish some
thing useful by the Walking. It is a
common thing for men, during their la ,
bor, to derive an enjoyment from the
anticipation of the pecuniary cotopensa.
tion Whieh they are to receive therefor;
but this kind of enjoyment is far info-
rior to that of one who rejoiees during
his labor, in the consciousness of per•
forming a duty Ind a sense of Divine
Approbation. The scriptures of Divine
Truth, which alone furnish perfect laws
and rules of duty, and guide to happi
ness, contain many injunctions to indus
try and diligence in business; and that
for the purpose not of anuiring wealth,
but of doing good,
'l'ho word " avarice, 3 ' is not to be un•
derstood to imply a desire of earning or
gaining, but of retaining or hoarding
what has been acquired of wealth. The
three several injunctions—" Let no man
seek his own (merely) but every man
another's wealth;" "Let him labor,
working with his hands the thing that
is good, that lie may have to give to hitti
that needeth ;" and " Love thy neigh
bor as thyself," may very properly be
considered in connection, The line of
duty between avarice and extravagant
liberality, has never been fully defined.
$62 79
$5B 69
$54. 91
It appe . ar's reasonable to many pious
minded people, that a mechanic should
• •
own at least a set of tools; and that by
the same rule, a farmer should own a
farm ; a merchant a store ; and that all
should have houses to dwell in ; and this
principle extended, may lead to the most
extravagant avarice. But our subject is
the duty of industry and diligence in
business, independently of circumstan
ces ; and if any man entertains and
cherishes the true principle of sympa ,
thy and benevolence, deriving more
pleasure in relieving the sufferings of
his fellow mortals, than in the posses
sion of such articles of Vittilth es are
not utterly indispensable, there Will be
no danger of his being either idle or mi ,
serly. But the neglect of improvement
of an hour of time is as decidedly a
crime, as the wasting of money Or prop ,
erty ; and the negleet . of doing good to
! others when opportunity occurs, is deci
dedly incompatible with the character
or hope of a true Christian, for ,‘ he that
knoweth to do good and does it net, to
him it is sin."
A son of Erin, just arrived in this
land of plenty, being in want, ventured
to solicit a little aid from a person whose
external appearance seemed to indicate
that he he could easily afford it, He
tras, however rudely repulsed with a
"Go to hell." Pat looked at him in such
a way as to fix attention, and meekly re
plied, "God bless your honor for your
etvilityi for you're the first gentleffian c s
in-kited me to his father's house since 1
come to the land."
A Locofoco Editor out est is at a
loss whether to support Gen, Taylor or
Slim; Wright for the Presidency: Prow
tice sees no reason why he should hesi ,
tate. The habits and characters of the'
two men are entirely different. "A lit
tle more grape, Captain Bragg!" . —that's
Gen. Taylor. "A little Wire juice of the
grape, landlord!"—that's Silas Wright.
L The Boston traveller says a pas. ,
imager shipsto plied at quarantine lately,
when a rinsaefiger itiquired, "And what
Country is this, ski" "It is Deer Island,"
was the reply. "Oh, murther, and hate
I been on this long voyage, and got
back to deal' Irelon4 again. I thought
you would have been bringing me to
FIRST MAW IN NORTHERN ILLINOIS. The first tune seemed to Put the whole
company in extacies. The raw boned
„Paring the summer folloßring the ter- man, who was so much opposed to tent
rrNhation of the Black Hawk war—being penance tracts, pulled out a flask of
among the first of the down east emi- whiskey, and insisted that the " gal," as
grants to the country then barely evac- he called Miss E. should drink. Another,
tutted by the red men of the forest— of the Coinpaby laid down a dime, and
Dr. A. of Baltimore; removed to what *rtted "that's worth" more of the
has since become a small town near the I " Forty pains," as the name of the in-
Illinois river, by the mime of strument had come to him after travel-
The doctor's family was composed of ling through some five or six pronuncia-.
three young ladies and his wife; all of flans. Ant/titer', With a bread grin on.
whom were performers on the piano, his face, declaring that he would giVe
and one of them possessor of the instru- his claim and all the truck on it, if .his
tnent in question. darter could Ia -e sbch a cupboard. Thu
As is usually the case in all newly set- " pine fort" man suggest6d that if that
tied places when a "new corer" makes sort of music had been in the Black
his appertance; the neighbors (that were Hawk war, that Would have skeered the
to be) held collected together for the per- Inguns, like all holler:
pose of seeing the doctor's " plunder " It is needless to say that it was late
unpacked, and making the acquaintance , at night before Miss E. and the otter
of its possessor. ladies of the house could satisfy their
Dr. A's "household" was stoweU delighted hearers that they Were all
away in seven large wagons—been firet tired out. The whole country for twen
packed into pine boxes,
on which Were'ty miles around ruing with the praise of
painted, in large black letters, the con , Dr. A's "consarn," and the " musikel
tents, address, &c. kubburd !" The doctor immediately
One wagon after another *vas unload- had any quantity of patients—all of
ed without much sensation on the part whom, however, would come in person
of the little crowd of lookers-on, except I for advice, or for a few "agur pills " but
an occasional exclamation similar to the none of Whoin would leave without hear
following, from those who had never seen iiirr " forty pains:"
the like before : 'With an easy way arid d gdod natured
"Glass! This side up With cafe !—I disposition; Dr. A: stion firmed ah ex.:,
Why I tho't this ere feller was a doctor. tensive acquailttOttee,. obtained d good
What on yearth is he going to do with practice and becaina a popular Man.—
that box full of winders 1" I He was elevated to some ;:cf the most re
. This side up with care!" exclaimed snonsible offices in tilt , gift of the peti
t:Me. `• lie's got his paregoric and ple —oneof which he held at the time
of-spike fixens in that, Won't he lizie of hie death. So much for the charms
them agur fellows down on the river." of -a Piano Forte.
In the last wagon there was but one
large box, and on it was printed the
words " Piano Forte—keep dry and han
dle carefully." It required the assist
once of all the bystanders to unload the
box, and the curiosity excited in thel
crowd upon reading the foregoing words,
and hearing the musical sound emitted
as it struck the ground, can only be
gathered by giving a few of the expres
sions that dropped fgom the opectatoid.
" rine fort said a tall, yellow-haired,
fever and ague looking youth ; "wonder
if lie's nfeered of the Injuns 1 He can't
scare them with a pine fort."
44 K=ee=p d , r-y " was spelled by a large
raw boned man, Who was evidently a
liberal patron of " old bald face, and
who broke off at the letter " y " With,
"consarn your temperance karacturs—
you needn't come round here with your
He wns interrupted at this point by a
stout built personage, who cried out—
" He's got his skeletons in that, and
he's afeered to gin them liquor, for
they'd break out of he does ! Poor fel
ler I—they must suffer powerfully."
"Handle carefully," said 'amnia in a
red hunting shirt, and the size of whose
fist as he doubled it up, was twice that
of an ordinary man. " That's some live
critter in that. Don't you hear him
groanl" This was said as the box strtitit
the ground, and the concussion caused
a vibration of the strings.
No sooner had all hands let go of the
box, than Dr. A. was besieged by his
neighbors, all of whom were determined
to know What were its contents, and
what were the meaning of the words
Piano Forte, On his telling them that
it was a musical instrument some reck
oned that it would take a tonal sight of
wind to blow it, others that it would take
a lot of men to make it go, Ste, The
doctor explained its operations as well
as he could, but still his description tans
anything but satisfactory, and he could
only get rid of his inquisitive neighbors
by promising a sight at an early day.
Three days—days that seemed like
weeks to the persons above mentioned
—elapsed before the pretnises of Dr.
A. Were arranged for the reception of
visitors, and various and Curious were
the surmises among the settlers during
this time. Dr, A. and his'plunder, were
the only topics of conversation for many
miles around,
' The doctor's house had but one lower
room, but this was one of double the or.
dinary size, and the carpets were all too
small to cover the entire floor, hence a
strip of bare floor appeared at each side
of the room. Opposite to and facing
the door was placed the " Pine fort."—
All Was ready fol. the admission of visi
tars, and Miss E. was to act as the first
performer. The doctor had but to open
the door, and hale a store of men were
ready to enter: Miss E. took her seat,
and nt the first sounding of the instru
ment, the whale party present rush in.—
Some wont directly up to the critter, as
it had been dolled on account of its hav
ing four legs—some, more shy, remain-*
ed close to the door, where, if necessary,
they could, More easily make their es
! cape whife others; who hitd never seen .
a carpet, were observed walking around
on the strip of bare floor, lest by tread
ing on the " handsome kaliker," they
might spoil it
WHOLE NO. 608.
TIIR SPRING llst Would ap
pear by Miss Fuller's titcount of it, is as
uncongenial as that of our own boreal
region, Hti last letter to the Tribune
speaks of it in this wise:
"The excessive beauty of Ottitia
well known, and the iMpression upon
the eye alone Was correspondent with
what I expetted; but alas! the weather
was still so cold I could not realize thdi
' I had actually touched them,: shares to
which I had looked fbriVard all My life,
where it seethed Mitt the heart would
expand, and tht+ii:hole nature be turned
to delight. Seen by a cutting wind, the ,
marble palaces, the gardens; the Magni;
ticent Watering view of UenotitO
charm. "I saw, not felt, how beautiful=
ly they were." Only at Naples have I
found my Italy, and here not till after
week's, waiting—not till I began to be
lieVe that all 1 had heard in praise of the
climate of Italy was a fable, and that
there is really no Spring anyithere ex ,
cept in the imagination of poets. For
the first week was nn exact copy of the
misserries of a "Ndit Etigland Spring; i
bright sun came for an hour dr two itt
the morning just to flatter you tbrth
without your cloak, and then—and theii
—came up a vilanbus, horrible wind, e
nctly like the worst Bast wind of Bos
ton, breaking the heart, racking the
brain and turning hope and fancy to no
irrevocable green and yelloW hue in lieu
of their native rose:
At Genoa and Leghorn, I saw for the
first time Italians in their homes. Very
attractite I found theini tharining wo;
men, refined Men, eloquent and edurte
ous. If the cold wind hid !tally, it could
not the Italkths, A little group of faces
each so full of character, dignity, and
what is so rare in an American face, the
capacity for pure exalting passion, will
live ever in my memory—the fulfillment
of a hope."
- A Tart Reply.
Alet 'Junius, the great French dram - -
atist, is of colored origin. A capital
story is fold of him in a very late num
ber of glackttood's Magazine. It seems
that a person more rehnirkable for in
quisititeness than fdr correct breeding
—one of those who, defoid of delicacy
and recklessness of rebufl; pry ink%
eVerythifig—took liberty to question
M. Dumas rather closely cancerning his
genealogical tree.
(Yoe are n quadroon, M. Dumas?' he
am sir,' quietly replied Dumas, whd
has sense enongh not to be ashamed of
a descent he cannot conceal.
'And your intherl
.Wtis a muluto.'
'And your grandfather!'
'A negro,' hastily answered the dratil ,
atilt, whose patience was waning.
'And rimy I enquire what you great
grand=father was?'
'An ape sir,' thfindered Pumas, with
a fierceness that Made his impertinent
interogator shrink into the smallest pos
sible compass. - 4n ape,• sir--4ny ped- -
eotntiiences where yours termi,
VERY NATURAL.—A country girl '
to her brother, "She could ;yot see what
it wit+s that made him go so often and
stay so late to see one girl----for her part
she had rather have the company of one
young man than twenty girls."