Newspaper Page Text
Huntingdon, Wednesday, Fehruny 17, 1817,
- GEN. IRVIN.—We observe by the pa
pers, that the Harrisburg Union has
charged Gen. Irvin with voting, while
in Congress, to tax tea and coffee. This
charge is as malicious and infamous a
LIE, as the assertion made in the same
paper, in 1844, that Jas. K. Polk was a
" friend of the 'farad 1842," and that
a " near neighbor" of Mr. Poik had so
informed the editor at Baltimore. The
Pa. Intelligences may safely challenge
the "proof." Gen, Irvin not only voted
and spoke against taxing tea and coffee,
but he labored sedulously among his fel•
low members for the defeat of the prop ,
The same charge was brought
against Gen. I. when a candidate for re
election to Congress in this district; but
after hearing the accusation and the de
fence, the people branded the charge a
SLANDER, and re-elected Gen. Irvin by
a largely increased majority.
FIRES.—The stabling at Canoe Fur
nace, near Williamsburg, Blair county,
together with n large quantity of hay and
straw, and some horse gears, was con-
Burned by fire on Friday night last.
We also learn that a dwelling house
on Mill Creek, in this county, occupied
by Mr. John Carroll, was destroyed by
fire a few days ago, with all the furni
ture it contained.
RELIEF FOR IRELA:..I).-A meeting was
held at Washington city last week, to
adopt measures for the relief of the
starving population of Ireland. Vice
President Dallas presided. Hon. Daniel
Webster reported and read a series of
resolutions, calling upon the whole coun
try to contribute to the aid of the suffer
ing poor in Ireland. We hope the call
will be generously responded to, and that
this town and vicinity will make imme
diate arrangements to contribute to this
humane project liberally. That a por
tion of the poor of Ireland are daily dy
ing from starvation, there is no longer
any doubt, and therefore whatever is to
be done for their relief, should be done
EP- The Globe does not praise, but
condemns with great caution, the recent
letter of General Taylor in relation to
the Mexican war. The editor ventures,
however, to write down the old warrior,
Gen. Gaines, to whom the letter was
sent, "a weak minded individual ;" and
then quotes from a Locofoco paper to
show that Gen. Taylor's complaints are
unwarranted and unjust. Whenever our
neighbor receives any unexpected " sub
stantials" for sneering at Gaines, or
calling in question the veracity of " Old
Rough and Ready," we hope he will in
form the public of it.
VETO MESSAGE.—Gov. Shunk has sent
a message to the Legislature, vetoing
the bill to incorporate the Pennsylvania
Railroad Iron Manufacturing Company,
for the reason, as he alleges, that the
individual liability clause is left out of
the act. The message, the Intelligon
cer says, is a labored argument in sup
port of the views of his party on the
GEN. TAVLOTI.-1n the Virginia House
of Delegates, on the Bth inst., resolu-
tions of thanks to Gen. Taylor and his
gallant army, were passed unanimously,
for their gallantry at Palo Alto, Reseca
de la Palma, and Monterey. They also
directedowords to be presented to Gen.
Taylor, Col. Mathew M. Payne, and to
Col. John Garland, all natives of Vir
ginia, for their gallantry and good con
duct in the engagements in which they
have participated. This is worthy of a
Virginia Legislature !
VrAmong a variety of " funny things"
which we find in last week's Globe, is
the assertion that the idea of running
Gen. Taylor for the Presidency is a
"foolish notion." This is really amu
sing. Our neighbor would doubtless
think it the heighth offoolishocss to hear
the people shouting "Huzza for Old
Rough and Ready l" " Go it Zee !" &c.,
&c. It would certainly be a very annoy
ing noise to Locofocoism, yet it may
have to hear its death-knell rung in
sounds something similar to this,
0 : 7 - Scott's Weekly Paper has been
enlarged and improved. It will now
compare well with any literary paper
published in Philadelphia.
WAR OR PEACE.
There are three distinct propositions
before Congress, all having reference
to the desirable and desired object of
bringing that unhappy war to a close.
One is the President's, and asks an
appropriation of three millions, to be
used in some mysterious way, whirls
the President will not fully explain. All
we are told about it is, by Mr. Sevier,
the chairman of the Senate's Committee
on Foreign Relations, that the Presi
dent has been for a long time in corres
pondence with somebody in Mexico, by
which correspondence he learns, and is
satisfied, that peace can be got by the
aid of these three millions. This is all
Mr. Sevier tells us as from the Presi
dent. On his own account he adds that
there can be no peace except on the con
dition that Mexico gives up to us Cali
fornia and New Mexico ; whence we are
left to infer that fir New Mexico and
California we are to abandon all the
other conquests we have made, all claim
for the expenses of the war, all our
other money claims, and pay these three
millions into the bargain. In other
words, that for New Mexico and Cali
fornia, we are to sacrifice fifty, sixty,
a hundred millions of dollars, as the
case may be. This is one proposition.
The second is Mr. Berrien's. It con
sists of a declaration, by the Senate,
that the desire or intention of Congress,
in prosecuting the war, is not to dis
member the Mexican Republic, or ob
tain any portion of that Republic's ter
ritory by conquest. This, it will be
seen, is diametrically opposed to the
The third proposition is known as the
Wilmot proviso. It addresses itself to
the Government and the slave-holding
interests, of which the Government is
considered the organ ; and, like Mr. Ber
rien's, it proposes to act by taking away
inducements for the continuance of the
These three projects will form, as we
suppose, the subject of long and highly
important discussions in both houses of
Congress. We have thought it well to
present them distinctly, and together,
before our readers.
[ID'. The Globe hurls the epithet of
" Tory" at us with a fierceness that looks
very much like desperation. But when
we reflect a moment, it is not so very
severe to be called a Tory by the Hunt
ingdon Globe after all. It must be re
collected that that paper defends all the
i nets of Jas. K. Polk—and that he is the
only American citizen who has given
" aid and comfort" to the enemy. This
the President admits in his message,
when lie pleads guilty to the charge
of having given SANTA ANNA per
mission to pass our Blockading Squad
ron into Mexico—thus furnishing the
enemy with an experienced and formi
dable leader. The Globe has not dared
to even hint a word of condemnation of
this treasonable act of the Executive,
although we have frequently called its
attention to it. But to get out of his
dilemma, our neighbor sets up the "stop
thief" cry of " Tory" against all who
dare exercise the freeman's right of call
ing in question the acts of the Presi
The Globe denies having stigmatized
the Hon. John Blanchard as a " traitor
to his country," and calls upon us to
point out the " article" containing this
charge. We do not know that those
were the exact words used, but that the
charge was implied, we think can be
maintained. The editor of the Globe
will not deny,we suppose,that he charged
Mr. Blanchard with circulating "tort'
documents"—and how he could be en
gaged in this business, without turning
against his country, we are at a loss to
determine. If the Globe withdraws its
charge made upon Mr. 8., then it must
take back its unmeaning twattle about
Mr. Gentry's speech being a " tory doc
The editor of the Globe need not be
the least alarmed about getting into an
"angry controversy" with us. Although
he appears somewhat wrathy at us, we
assure him that we are perfectly cool—
wedo not belong to the thin skinned por
tion of humanity, to be ruffled by every
little breeze. But we feel quite as ready
as our neighbor to resent " misrepresen
tations," and should therefore thank him
to specify the "numerous unwarrantable
I personal attacks" he charges us with
making "upon natives of this district."
We deny this charge, and aver that it is
without any foundation whatever. We
therefore expect our neighbor will either
produce his proof or withdraw it.
THE THREE MILLION BILL. LETTER FROM HARRISBURG ,
The bill to give the President Three I _
Correspondence of the Huntingdon Journal.
Millions of Dollars to buy a peace with
Mexico, is being ably discussed in the HARRISBURG, Feb. 13, 1846.
U. 'S. Senate. On the sth inst., Mr. JAMES CLARK, Esq.—Sin :—A great
and , many petitions in favor of a change of
Berrien, of Georgia, made a long
the License Law, so far as selling liquor
able speech, and submitted the following
amendment : is concerned, are coming in from all
"Provided always, and it is hereby parts of the State. The Committee on
declared to be the true intent and mean- Vice and Immorality, which has this
ing of Congress, in making this appro- matter in charge, has not yet ected de
priation, that the war with Mexico ought finitely. A difference of opinion exist
not to he prosecuted by this Govern
ed in that Committee on the question of
meatwith any view to the dismember
ment of that Republic, or in a bill, authorizing all the
sition, by conquest, Oor to the acqui-
f any portion of counties in the Commonwealth to dv.
her territory; that this Government, cide by ballot on the question, or whe
ever desirous to maintain and preserve Hier it should be confined to the coon
peaceful and friendly relations with all
ties which prayed for this privilege. .1
nations, and particularly with the neigh
boring Republic of Mexico, will always resolution was adopted in the House
be ready to enter upon negotiations with last week, instructing the committee to
it view to terminate the present unhap- bring in a bill including only such coun
py conflict, on terms which shall secure ties as desired it. But this does not
the just rights and preserve inviolate fully set the matter at rest, for some of
Ithe national honor of the United States the petitions pray that the law may em
, and of Mexico; that it is especially de- brace the entire Commonwealth. So the
sirable, in order to maintain and pre- action of the committee is still unset
serve those amicable relations which tied. Another difficulty with the com
ought always to exist between neigh- mittee is, whether, to make the law take
boring Republics; that the boundary of effect on all sales of liquor, or on the
the State of Texas should be definitive- retail hand of it only ; and this is, per
ly settled, and that provision be made haps, the most perplexing question be
by the Republic of Mexico for the prompt fore that body.
and equitable adjustment of the just The Quaker ladies of thecity and coon.
claims of our citizens on that Repub- ty of Philadelphia, and other parts of the
lie." State, are sending in petitions praying
The Baltimore American, noticing for the abotition of capital punishment.
this amendment, says: This proviso I wish that custom were abolished. It
is a relic of barbarism which has nothin g
will not suit the views of those who but its antiquity to recommend it.
look upon the war with Mexico as a war Some of the Whigs think the present
of conquest. Yet it is a little singular Legislature is venturing too far on the
that the advocates of acquisition, who " untried sea of experiment ;" that if the
Whig members of the Legislature de.
maintain that Mexico must be compelled
. sire this to be a popular sitting, they
to cede to us territory as an indemnity must use more circumspection in the
for the charges of the war, and in li- adoption of new measures, than they
quidation of the claims of our citizens have manifested heretofore. These re
upon her, arc nevertheless willing to marks are made with reference to the
pay money in advance to Mexico—three
married women property" bil
" bill, the license law :' the
millions—thus acknowledging the bah- the "kidnapping" g bill, &e. &c. Ido not
once of obligations against us. In other partake of the fears of these timid per
words, we are to take territory on the sons. That reforms are needed in all
ground that Mexico is indebted to us,
these relations of community, no one
yet we pay money to her to induce her
into deny; in e t
h a e i r i d
to give us the territory. Here is a strange where injury will be done. The peo
confusion. pleof Pennsylvania have become too in-
-In truth the whole business is strange -
telligent to censure their public servants
every way. The President of the Uni
r doi i ngrigh4 bau nd w t u olin is oral to oppose'
ted States asks for three millions of dol. and this
part of it faster tha p n ro ai g iy other.
lars in order to bring the Mexican war He who stands in the way of reform will
to a speedy and honorable conclusion.—' certainly be left behind. The cry is
onward, ont t ra i r l d, ?g e wte i r lu e s i u t - te r l stop
The inference would be from this de
mand, that the President intended to ,l
and the patriot alarmed, ' l e n s 'i t a irl
levy new troops, and to strike a decisive , that does not stay the onward stride of
blow; for that would be, in time of war,' progressive principles. That the vague
the most natural mode of proceeding in ness and looseness of many of these have
'tendencies subversive of all civil govern
view of a speedy and an honorable peace.
ments, no one can deny. But to oppose
But no; we are given to understand . seems only to irritate and stimulate their
otherwise. The Finance Committee of . progression.
the Senate, asking for the appropriation, I On Tuesday the Governor sent back
announce openly that it is intended for to the House the bill incorporating the
the Mexican army ! An underhand chaf-
f P a e u n t n ur s ru lvan c t u ß , ailroa u d f wrad i r i o d n a Albano
fering, it seems, is going on between With his g reason p s a f n oi:not signing. y7 rl u ie r s g e
President Polk and Santa Anna; the lat- ' reasons are the old songs of the Locofo
ter promises to be convenient, but he can co party on the subject of Corporations,
do nothing unless his men are at his
without the individual liability clause,
ma t in a p i e n d u
situated stew o u v u er du% l . t is
i r i r strange
disposal; and his men will not do as he
wishes unless their wages are paid 1 and who has any pretensions to intelli:
them. Now Santa Anna has no money,l genre and honesty, would risk either or
or if he has he wishes to keep it. Ifboth in support of that party's fallacies
Mr. Polk will furnish him with three I
in regard to corporations and that wretch
millionsed humbug in the shape of individual li
he can pay his men ; his men ability. The latter is the partys pima
will do as he wishes, and he will do as cea for the supposed evils of the former.
Mr. Polk desires, and then we shall That is but the vaguery of jaundiced
I lhave peace. It is a new version, us our , visions; this, the quackery of party pre
readers will perceive, of the nursery le-lj u t n e , / ,' 1
: r d u ay p l r a u s s t un a te la d rg f e rou n i u t te u r it of
Bend which tells how the fire burnt the lpetitionS il ‘ l s r •
stick, the stick beat the dog, the dog bit and county of Philadelphia, praying for y
the pig, and they all went through the a law to prohibit millers from packing
, gate. flour in old barrels. One of these peti-
This notable arrangement is proposed
tions, it is said, had over 3,000 signa
i u l h : thoughtauu t trouble the
e a l :i eng l s l . l
for the sanction of the Congress of the lures. At
United States, A proposition to pay the lature ; but upon inquiry, I find it nl
enemy's troops! A solemn enactment most resolves itself into the question
to constitute Santa Anna a disbursing whether the people of the city and coun
ty of Philadelphia shall have clean and
agent of the Government—a Sub-Trea
sweet, or unclean and sour flour ;—a
suret—and that, too, without bond or question of no little moment to that peo
security ! Is not this monstrous 1 It pie.
—.—• - . ... __ __ __
passes comprehension how any Senator The Pittsburg and Connellsville Rail
R t o iti
T e l et
most bonea of
e o , f ,
could have the face to make an avowal
such as the chairman of the Finance k.
R is l
bill authorizes the Connellsville '
Committee made on this subject. As Company to form a connection with the
for Mr. Polk's part in the business, it is great Central Railroad, and then con
scarcely worth the while to be surprised tinue their road from the Pittsburg to
at anything which emanates from the the Ohio State line, in the direction of
profound statesmanship of that digni-
Cincinnati. Numerous amendments have
been proposed to this bill, but all voted
tary. down except the one offered by Mr. Big-
ERIE COUNTY.—The Whigs of Erie
ler on yesterday, which annuls the act
county held a county meeting on theof 1846, allowing the Connellsville Com
-2cl pany to unite with the Baltimore and
inst., and appointed Messrs. James Miles, Ohio Railroad, provided the connections
G. J. Ball and Win. S. Lane delegates authorized by this supplement are form
to the State Convention, with instructions ed. This amendment was adopted by a
vote of 16 to 14. The bill as amended,
to support Gen. IRVIN.
passed the Senate to-day
The bill which passed the House last
week, divorcing Eliza Ann Whale, also
passed the Senate today by a vote of
17 yeas to 14 nays.
I suppose you are aware that a sup
plement to the Central Railroad enact
ment of last winter has been introduced
into the Legislature, the object of which
is to legalize the subscription made by
Lycoming county has appointed a del
egate to the State Convention, instructed
for Gen. Irvin. Somerset county has
instructed for Mr. Cooper.
117- Thanks to Hon. John Blanchard
and D. Blair, Esq. for various public
the councils of Philadelphia, and to au
thorize other corporations to subscribe
to the stock of that improvement
In its original shape, the bill autho
rized all corporations to subscribe to the
stock of this company; but in this shape
it met with opposition, and it was so
amended as to confine subscriptions to
municipal corporations. In this shape
it was up on Thursday and Saturday,
and even then met with a factious oppo
sition from Mr. Kline, a member from
the county. Several indirect votes have
been given on the bill, which indicate
pretty certainly that it will pass the
House at all events.
A number of bills arc before the House
for the formation of new counties. That
to be formed out of parts of Berks, Mont
gomery and Chester, to be called Madi
son, seems to excite the most interest.
This proposes to wake up ninny long
and established associations, and conse
quently meets with obstinate opposition.
On Thursday, Mr. Myers, of Reading,
made a speech of some force, and no
little elegance, against the bill. He is
a printer, and promises to figure in life.
It is doubtful whether this county will
be formed, and vet one cannot guess
very well in such a matter. There are
bills, I think, for five other new counties
before the Legislature, and by a combi
nation of the friends of them, a strong
party may be formed. Were it not for
this, Madison would stand a poor chance.
The new county of Lackawanna, to be
formed out of parts of Luzerne, will be
made, I think. There seems to belittle
or no opposition to it.
Quite an interesting debate arose in
the House on yesterday, on the bill to
exempt the real estate of married women
from the debts of their husbands. The
hill originated with Mr. Knox, and the
debate which was had on it, on yester
day, threw some suspicions around it,
which makes its passage throAgh the
House problematical, Mr. Piollet stren
uously opposed the bill, and some taunt
ing words passed between him and Mr.
Knox. Some suppose this apparent dif
ference between these two gentlemen is
a sham fight, got up for the purpose of
leading the Whigs into the support of
the bill, which these worthies think will
be unpopular, and result in consequent
injury to the Whig party. I give this
as an on (lit, having little faith in it my
self. The bill was defeated in the House
to-day, by a pretty strong vote.
The bill repealing the charter of the
Lehigh County Bank passed the House
to-day by a unanimous vote. It is an
unconditional and absolute repeal.
The bill authorizing the Farmers' De
posit Bank of Pittsburg to issue bills,
was negatived in the House this morn
News came in this morning that Som
erset county has elected a Cooper dele
gate to the 9th of March Convention.
- The indications, which I told you in
my last, were created during the week
before the present one, on the subject of
the Whig candidate for Governor, have
not changed, so far as my knowledge
extends, but rather confirmed. This
state of things has begotten hopes among
the majority of the Whigs to which they
have been strangers for some time.—
Many see, in these friendly events, signs
of a Whig triumph in this State, and as
a consequence, much prosperity to the
people. Since I have mingled with po
litics—and that is some years now-1
have never before seen Whig prospects
look better than at present. A good can
didate, and a little exertion, and we can
elect our Governor next full as certain
ly as we run a candidate.
Yours, &c., SPY.
(rr In the debate in the U. S. Senate
on lust Wednesday, on the vote of thanks
to Gen. Taylor, Mr. Bagby made a speech
in opposition to the capitulation of Mon
terep, which was, says the American,
little creditable to his head, and less to
his heart. We had nothing to do, he
said, with the blood of foreign women
and children: It was no concern of ours
how much of it was shed! And this is
the language of an American Senator in
this Christian land, in the 19th cen
Oy- The Canal Commissioners have
appointed Thos. J. Power Superintend
ent of the Portage Railroad, and James
Boon assistant ; Geo. W. Patterson Col
lector, and F. R. West, Weighmaster, at
Hollidaysburg ; H. A. Boggs, Samuel J.
Smith and Joseph G. Barr, State agents
on Portage Railroad.
ID' Ex-President Adams has suffi
ciently recovered his health to leave
Boston for Washington. He will reach
there in time to give his opinions of the
Mexican war, before the close of the
AN hum Rust.—l engaged a chaise
at Galway to conduct me some few
miles into the country, and had not pro.
ceeded far, when it pulled up at the foot
of a hill, and the driver coming to the
door opened it. " What are you at,
man'? This isn't where I ordered you
to stop," said I.
ll'itist, your honor, whist !" ejacu
lated Paddy, "I'm only desavin the
baste! If I bang the door, he'll think
you're out, and 'll cut up the hill like a
For the "Huntingdon Journal."
FRIEND CLARK:—This great curiosity
has of late occupied the attention of'
ninny chemist?, and amongst all that has
been said and written of it, I have not
yet seen a chemical explanation given,
of the process by which it is obtained.
I am sensible of my inability to give this
explanation scientifically, but I am de ,
termined to hazard the attempt.
There are several modes of obtaining
gun cotton, but the most effective one is
the immersion of the raw cotton in the
acid obtained by the distillation of salt
petre with oil of vitriol. When One equiv
alent of nitrate of potassa (saltpetre) is
dissolved with two eqvs. of protohydra ,
ted sulphuric acid, protohydrated nitric
acid distills over, and protohydrated
bisulphate of potassa forms the residue.
(KO, NOS, & 2SO, HO, = NOS, HO, &
KO, a SCR HO.) If the weights in.
dicated by the above mentioned eqvs. be
taken of nitre that is moist, and oil of
vitriol not of full strength, then the
nitric acid that distills over, will be
weaker than protohydrated nitric acid,
If we mix one eqv. of nitrate of pot.
'ease with one eqv. of protohydrated sul
phuric acid, we shall get, theoretically
speaking, protohydrated nitric acid as
before; but instead of bisulsphate of
potassa with water of crystallization, we
should have as a residue KO, SO3, that
is, sulphate of potassa, which is an au
hydrous salt. In point of fact, however,
these latter proportions give a red nitric
acid, which is deemed to boa real nitric
acid holding nitric oxide in solution.
The 'result may be thus explained :
The dry nitric acid set free by the sul
phuric acid for one instant, is not able
to take away enough water from the sul
phuric acid to convert it wholly into pro
tohydrated nitric acid. The part which
is protohydrated, nitric acid distills over
as such; the remainder, which cannot
get water, breaks up into nitric oxide
and oxygen. The nitric oxide distills
over with the hydrated nitric acid with
which it forms the red acid, and the
three eqvs. of oxygen are lost. Now
the proportions last indicated, are one
eq. of nitrate of potassa (KO, NOS =
102,) and one eq. protohydrated sulphu
ric acid (SON, HO, = 49) or 10 to 4, 8.
The proportions used by Dr. arro, of
Brunswick, are 10 to 6, which give more
than enough sulphuric acid to form a
sulphate, but not enough to convert the
whole into a bisulphate. Under these
circumstances, it is probable that a cer
tain proportion of the nitric acid is bro
ken up into nitric acid and oxygen, but
not so much of it as when the proportion
taken is as 102 to 49, or 10 to 4, 8. The
product you get may be nitric acid, but
at the same time an impure nitric acid of
a red color, containing nitric oxide. A
person would be naturally led to pre
sume that the additional amount of ni
trate of potassa in the proportions sug•
gested by Dr. Orr°, was for the purpose
of obtaining an excess of oxygen, to aid
combustion; but experiments prove, that
nitrogen cannot be more highly oxidated
than it exists in nitric acid ; hence the
uselessness of the superabundance of
potassa ; it being broken up in the pro
cess, for want of water to condense it.
In my next I shall be able to finish the
process by which this explosive material
is made, together with u few skeptical
opinions of its practical utility its a su
persedent of gun powder. _
Yours, &e. H. K. N
Huntingdon, Feb. 15, 1847.
From the Penn'a Inquirer.
Lamm FROM =MOPE.
NEW YORK, Feb. 10.
, - -
The ship Admiral, Capt. Paris, arrived
here this morning, bringing London
dates to the 9th ult.
The Bank of France has been relieved
by a loan of bullion from the Bank of
Great and unparalleled distress exists
in Ireland ; the plague and famine were
currying off the poor in great numbers.
The civil war in Portugal was turning
in favor of the Queen.
The Spanish artesOpened on the 31st
December. The Queen in her speech
recommends liberal provisions for the
clergy and the church.
Ai - Liverpool, Jan. 6th, flour had ad•
vanced 6 l-2d. per barrel, and Is. per
sack. Of bonded wheat, a parcel of su
perior white American brought I Is. per
70 lbs. Large purchases of flour at 40s.
for Philadelphia and Baltimore, and 40s.
a 40s. 6d. for Western Canal.
Liverpool, Jan. Bth.
Wheat this morning, 2d. to 3d. per 70
lbs. dearer than on Tuesday, and flour
in bond 6d. per barrel advance. Little
doing in other articles. Indian Corn
steady, and Indian meal held at 345. per
FURTHER ADVANCE IN BREADSTUFF&
NEW YORK, Feb. 10'-P. M.
The iron steamer Sarah Sands has ar•
rived bringing dates to the 20th ult.
Western Flour 42 shillings; Indian
Corn one shilling higher.
Cotton market dull.
The Liverpool Times of the 19th ult.
quotes Flour at 435. 6d. Wheat 4d.
higher. Indian Corn Is. higher.
[a- Hon. John Banks has entered up.
on his duties as State Treasurer. He
has appointed Mr. S. S. Jackson of Read-