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11 - UNTI)GDO) JOURNAL
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To charm tho languid hours of solitude
He oft invites her to tho Muse's lore."
DT THOMAS BATHES BAYLEY.
I thank you for that downcast look,
And for that blushing cheek;
I would not have you raise your eyes,
I would not have you speak.
Though mute, I doom you eloquent,
I ask no other sign;
, While thus your lily hand remains
Confidingly in mine.
I know you fain would hido from mo
The toll talo toars that steal
Unbidden furth, and half betray
The anxious fears you feel.
From friends long tried, and deeply loved,
The plighted bride must part,
Then freely weep—l could not love
A cold, unfeeling limit.
I know you love your cottage home,
Where in the summer Limo
Your hands have taught the clematis
Around the porch to climb.
Your casement, with the wild rose screen,
Your little garden too,
How many fond remembrances
Endear them all to you.
You sigh to leave your mother's mo i
Though on my suit she smiled,
And spurning every selfish thought
Gave up her darling child.
Sigh not for her, she now may claim
Kind deeds from more than one,
She'll gaze upon her daughter's smiles
Supported by her son!
I thank you for that look—it speaks
[(Allem° on my truth,
And never shall unkindness wound
Your unsuspecting youth.
If fate should frown, and anxious thoughts
Oppress your husband's mind
Oh ! never fear to cling to me,—
I could not be unkind.
Come look upon this golden ring--
You have no cause to /Mink,
Though oft ' tis galling as the slave's
And look upon you church tho placo
Of blessing and of prayer;
Before the altar hear my vows;
Who could dissemble there.
Come to my Ironic, your bird shall havo
As tranquil a retreat,
Your dog shall find a mating placo
And slumber at your feet.
And while you sit at evening
Oh ! let me hear you sing,
Or I shall think you cease to love
Your little golden ring.
The Poem on enthusiasm by John J. Lewis, Jr.,
of Pen Yon, N. Y., which received tho premium
offered by the publiehers of the N. E. Galaxy for
the best Poem, is a production of superior order.
'The following is a passage from this Poem:
' , But Wom Jai 'l4 Love, a treasure richer far,
Than all the trophies of the victor are ;
Oh let the heartless, selfieh wordlings deem,
That 'tis the fancy of an idler's dream ;
frigid Platonist may preach in vain,
, ria but the fiction of the poets brain;
His frozen heart could never taste the bliss
Of mother's love, or gentle ouster's kiss,
.Sweet ae the moss in its early blush,
Is hor affection in its first warm gush,
Ltke sparkling ruby, in its crimson glow,
Or silver founts which in the sunbeam flow,
"Pie like the snow upon the Alpine height
As pure, as stainless, and as dazzling bright;
A talisman of virtues rich anti rare,
Tho brighest jewel happy man can wear.
Its clinging fondness never is estranged,
It ever burns unchangable, unchanged.
Nor chilled by time, nor overcome by fear,
It aoothes the soul, and dries the falling tear,
So mi Id and beautuous, ardent yet so calm,
Purer than air, more healing than a balm,
Enthusiasm tests its lasting truth,
In womatesheart, it reigns in age and youth.
In every changing circumstance of life,
Child of enthusiasm, mother, maid or wife."
A OR6AT nxiorows, (says the St. Louis Re
veille) in an exchange paper relates, in a very touch
ing verse, the opposite fate of two early friends,
The little tale Las a great moral :
Ono took a paper, and his wife
Was happier than a king's ;
His children all could read and mite,
And talk of men and things.
The other took no paper, and
While strolling through the wood,
A tree full down upon his crown,
And killed hint—as it should.
lied he been reading of the now.
At home, like neighbor j int
I'll bet a cent that accident
Would not have happened hum,
2=IUII 4 I' , U'UCMI.S EPts3. 9 SaV a z:LEE343O.
Br TILY. LION. U. O. PINCKNEY.
" Who can estimate the difference between civil
hoation and savagoisna—between the refinement of
a European city and the crepuscular light of an
African horde—between the American nation, as it
now stands in all ito splendor and its power, and
and the aboriginal inhabitants of this continent, as
they gazed with wonder at the appearance of Col
umbus? What is there great or good, elegant or
useful, for which mankind are not indebted to the
influence of learning? It has reared up cities, and
founded empires. It has conqured the earth, the
sea, and the air, and subjected them all to the will
of man. It has filled the earth not only with com
forts, but with luxuries—not only with needful
things, but with an endless variety of pleasures.—
It has perfected, equally, tho art of war, and the
arts of peace. It regulates the movements of ar
mies, and controls tho destinies of nations. It nav
igates the ocean, spans the cataract, and reclaims
the forest. It elevates vallies, and depresses hills.
It introduces nations to each other, and imparts to
all the peculiar products and commodities of each.
It unfolds the mysteries of nature, and teaches man
to " look throngh nature up to nature's God."—lt
enchains the lightning, converses with the stars
and traces comets in their fearful course. It sub
jects the elements to this power, and rides, like a
conqueror, over earth and sea, by the magic power
of resistless steam. It is seen in the canal, in the
tunnel, and the acqueduct. It is seen in the ele
gant mansion, and the noble ship, in the command
ing fortress, and the lofty spire. It is seen in the
breathing canvass, and the speaking marble.
"It is seen in the wisdom of philosophy, the
usefulness of history, and the elegance of poetry.
It calls up the spirits of the mighty dead, and makes
us acquainted with the traveller and accompanies
the adventurous explorer in his voyage of discovery.
It instructs us in the customs and religion, the laws
and policy, of every people upon earth. It devolves
the arcane of the human mind, and the wonderful
structure of the human frame. It restores health
and prolongs existence. It ascertains tho causes of
disease, applies a remedy to every ill, and vindicates
the divinity of the healing art.
It expounds the tenent, and enforces the sanctions
of religion, It is seen in tho power of eloquenco
over the passions of tho multitude, us it now rouses
them to fury, and now subdues them to calmness.
It is felt in the megio influence of poetry, as it ani
mates war or melts to love, as it nerves the patriot
in his country's cause, or "takes the captive soul,
and laps it is Elysium." But who can describe
the power, or the domain of learning! Extend
ing over all nature, its power is over everything in
tho material world, and in the human heart. It is
the peculiar and distinguishing attribute of man.—
It is the pride of youth and the companion of old
ago—the grace of prosperity, and tho consolation
of misfortune. It conducts man with dignity
through the chequered scones of life, and teaches
him how ho may enter, finally, through the gloomy
',oasis of the grave, into tho blissful mansions of
Such, and so great are tho urea, and advanta
ges of knowledge of which it may be truly said
that, like the decorated pillars of a temple, it con
stitutea equally the strength and beauty of the
great structure of society."
OLD PSALK Tunas.—There is, to us, more touch
ing pathos, heart-thrilling expression, in some of
the old psalm tunes displayed, titan in a whole
batch of modernism.. Thestrains go home, and
the "fountain of the great deep is broken up"—
the great deep of unfathomable feeling that lies far,
far below the surface of the world-hardened heart;
and as the unwonted, yet unchecked tears, start in
the eye, the softened spirits yield to their influence
and shako off the load of earthly care, rising puri
fied and spiritualixed, into a clearer atmosphere.—
Strange, inexplicable associations brood over the
mind the far-off dream of Paradise," min
gling their chaste melancholy with musings of a
still, subdued, more cheerful character. How many
glad hearts in the olden time have rejoiced in these
songs of praise—how many sighed out their com
plaints in those plaintive notes, that steal sadly, yet
sweetly on the ear—hearts that, now cold in death
aro laid to rest, around that sacred pile, within
whose walls they had so often swelled with emo
TUE Liar CO3IFORT..--q have taken much
pains,' says the learned Seldun, to know everything
that was esteemed worth knowing among men ; but
with all my disquisitions and reading, nothing now
remains with mo to comfort mo at the close of life,
but this [passage of St. Paul: 'lt to a faithful say
ing, and worth} , of all acceptation, that Jesus Christ
cause into the world to save sinners: To this I
cleave and herein I lind rest.'
A SEASONABLE P.m.. usru.—We find in a
Southern paper a paragraph shooing in this wise;
—" It is pleasant in a sultry summer's day, to leave
the dusty thoroughfares of trade, and sit down be
side some bidding spring, the margin of which is
carpeted with green and tender turf, while overhead
the tall family of the forest onweave their rustling
branches, forming huge Gothic arches while through
their itisterstics a beam of sunshine descends in sof-
A young Irishinon who had married when ho
was about 19 years of ugo, complain , " of the diffi
culties to which his early marriage had subjected
him, said he would neerr marry to young again if
ho lived to be as old as :%lethuselah.—Very likely,
Tho lato Earl Grey.
The death of this distinguished English noble
man, announced by the last arrivals from Europa,
takes from the list of the living the last man whose
name was connected with that brilliant circle of
statesman who rendered the court of George the
Third so celebrated. Descended from an ancient
family, educated at Eaton and Cambridge, and el
ected to the House of Commons, before his major
ity, he early commenced a career which proved as
brilliant as it was protracted. Ho was one of the
managers of tho impeachment against Warren
Hastings, and gave the first indications of his
splendid powers as a debater during the discussion
in 1787 of Pitts' treaty with France. Ho was
Secretary of Foreign Affairs in 180 G under Mr.
Fox's administration, and in 1830 became Prime
Minister. During his administration Lord Drough
lean was Lord High Chancellor and the celebrated
Reform Bill was passed. The circumstances of its
final passage aro thus given in the Lifo of Lord
'Thu House of Lords, re-assembled on tho 7th of
May, proceeded, the sumo afternoon, to commit the
Reform Bill. In committee, the ministers were de
feated on a motion, made by Lord Lyndhurst, to
postpone the disfranchising to the enfranchising
portion of the bill: and thereupon. under all the
circumstances of tho case, they judged it expedient
to acquaint his majesty, that unless he would an.
nounco u resolution to create such a body of new
peers as would carry the measure into the form
which its authors deemed essential, they must re
quest him to accept their resignations. The king
at first resisted; but, after some days had been un
successfully occupied by him in an endeavor to form
a new government, ho found himself under the ne
cessity of re-establishing Lord Grey's ministry on
their own terms. It was now intimated to the
leading opponents of the bill ins the House of Lords,
that the proposed creation of peers could be pro- I
vented only by tho forbearance of a sufficient num
ber of them from any further opposition to the
measure before the House. The Duke of Newcas
tle, on 21st of May, gave notice of a motion res.'
pecting the fitness of ouch an exercise of the pre
rogative ; and a conversation arose, in the course
of which, Lord Eldon argued that though the
existence of the prerogative could not be questioned,
it was open to tho Heim to question the fitness of
its exercise on any particular occasion ; and pro
tested against the application of it for the purpose
now threatened, as being at once injurious to the
people and perilous to the crown.
There remained; however, but a choice of evils.
Lord .6 klun and the anti-sufw,..‘. us general, re.
eolved, therefore, to abstain from further resistance,
and the bill went rapidly through committee. On
the 4th of Juno it was read a third time, after a di
vision, in which 10 supporters of it recorded their
votes against only 22 of its opponents. Tho re
mainder of those adverse to it persevered in the
quieter policy of absenting themselves, and so saved
tire peerage, with what else was left of the consti
Earl Grey after his retirement from the ministry,
was a liberal member of the House of Lords. The
early assnciate of Pitt, Fox, Burke and Sheridan,
ho outlived them all and died full of years and
honors. The brilliant Macaulay thus speaks of him
in an article on \Farrell Hastings :
'At an ago when most of those who distinguish
themselves in life aro still contending for prizes and
fellowships at college, he had won for himself a
conspicuous place In Parliament. No advantage
of fortune or connection was wanting that could set
off to the height his splendid talents and hie un
blemished honor. At twenty-three he had been
thought worthy to be ranked with the veteran state.-
' men who appeared us the delegates of the British
Commons, at the bar of the Britislt nobility. All
who stood at that bar, save him alone, are gone—
culprit, advocates, accusers. To the generation
which is now in the vigor of life, ho is the solo rep
resentative of a great ago vrhielt has passed away.
But those, who, within the last ten years, have lis
tened with delight, till the morning sun shone on
the tapestries of the House of Lords, to the lofty
and animated eloquence of Charles Earl Grey, aro
able to form somc estimate of the powers of a race
of people among Ile whom'wes nut the foremost.
Cs'virtue Ann PROTESTANT.-Porhaps every
man may not understand or appreciate the force of
reason for believing in the Roman Catholic religion
contained in the following conversation which took
place a few days since between a couple of hod
carriers, while they wore routing from their labours
at noon :
P.—. An' d'yo mano to toll mo that the Catholic
is thin only truo religion?"
11. C.—. Faith on' I do. D'yo believe in the
episthles of the Apostle Paul, darlint 1"
P. Of courso !"
R. C.—" Arruh, than I have ye, cure ! D'ye
mind the epistlilu of St. Paul's to the Romans ?
An' did yo ever hear of any episthle to the Protest
ALL Maul., DoeTon.—A gentleman having a
bad leg was told by a physician that ho must not
drink, or tho liquor would run into
. it. Ono day
the doctor called on hint and found hint with his
bottle before him, out of which ho had drank
'Ah!' exclaimed the physician, 'What did I tell
'All right, doctor,' said the invalid, pointing to
hio feet elevated upon a high table ; 'it cant run
down my leg !
God seen in all his Works.
In that beautiful part of Germany which borders
an the Rhino, there is on noble castle which as you
travel on the',Western bank of the river, you may
see lifting its ancient towers on the opposite aide,
above the grove of trees about an old as itself.
About forty years ago, there lived in that castle
a noble gentleman, whom we shall call Baron -.
lle had only one son, who was not only a comfort
to his father, but a blessing to all who lived on hit
It happened on a certain occasion that this young
man being from home, there came a French gentle
man to see the castle, who began to talk of his
heavenly Father in terms that chilled the old man's
blood: on which the Baron reproved him saying,
'Are you not afraid of offending God, who reigns
above, by speaking in such a manner?' The gen
tleman said ho knew nothing about God, fur he had
never seen him. The Daron at this limo did not
notice what the gentleman said, but the next morn
ing took him about his castle grounds and took oc
casion first to show him a very beautiful picture
that hung on the wall. The gentleman admired
the picture very much, and said, 'whoever drew
this picture knows vary well how to use the
'My son drew that picture,' said the Baron.
'Then your eon is a clever man,' replied the gen,
:My son,' replied the Baron ; .ho knows every
plant, I may say from the cedar of Lebanon to the
hyssop on tho wall.'
'lndeed; said the gontloman, .1 shall think very
highly of !dm soon.'
The Baron then took him into the village and
showed him a small, neat cottage, where his son
had established a school, and where ho caused all
young children who had lost their parents to he re
ceived and nourished at his own expense. The
children in the house looked so innocent and so
happy, that the gentleman was very much pleased,
and when he returned to tho castle ho said to the
Baron, 'what a happy man you am to have so good
a son !'
'How do you know I havo so good a son I'
.Becaueo I have seen his works, and I know that
he must bo a good end clever, if ho has done all
that you hays showed me.'
'B ut you have not Fent him.'
•No, But I know him very well, because I judo
of him by his works.'
ofrue, replied the Baron, 'and in thie way judge
of the character of your heavenly Father. I know
by hie work' that ho is a being of infinite wisdom,
and power, and goeuneee.-
'!'ho Frenchman felt tiro force of the reproof and
was careful not to offend the good Boron any more
by his remarks.
"So was nkliir."—'o you're a 'prentice !'
said a little boy, the other day, tauntingly to his
companion. Tho addressed turned proudly around,
and while tho fire of injured pride and the look of
pity was strangely blended in his countenance,
coolly anawered—'So was Franklin
This dignified reply struck me forcibly, and I
turned to mark the disputants more closely. The
former, I perceived by his dress, was of a
class of society than his humble yet more dignified
companion. 'rho latter was a sprightly, active lad,
scarcely twelve years old, and coarsely but cleanly
attired. But young as ho was, there was visible in
his countenance much of genius, manly dignity,
and determinate resolution—while that of rho for
mer showed only fostered pride, and the imagined
superiorty of riches.
That little fellow, thought we, gazing at our
young hero, displays already much of the mea—
-1 though his calling bo an humble ono; and though
poverty extends to him her dreary, cheerio. reality
—still he looks on thu brightest side of the scene,
and already rises in anticipation from poverty, woe
and wretchedness! Once, 'so seas Franklin,'
and the world may one day witness in our little
, prentice' as great a philosopher as they have al
ready seen in his noble pattern! And wo passed
on, buried in meditation.
Esorasu Giumuu.—Tho Comic Grammai
But remember, though box
In the plural makes buses,
Tho plural of ox
Should be oxen not oxen.
To which an exchange paper adds,
And remember, though fleece
In the plural is fleeces,
That tho plural of goose
Aren't gooses nor geese.
Wa may also bo permitted to add :
And remember, though hens°
In the plural is houses,
The plural of mouse
Should be viler rind not mouses,
CHARITABLE HIGHWAYMAN. It is said o f
Donner, a Highwayman, that onto riding on M c ,
high road,he met a young woman who was weep
ing, and appeared to be in great distress. Touched
with compassion, ho asked her what was the cause
of her affliction ; when she told him that a creditor
utttntled by a alma, had gone to a hum 'Merolla
ad out, and threatened to take her husband to jail
for a debt of thirty guinea.. Boulter gave her the
amount, told her to pay the debt and fret her bus.
band at liberty ; and she ran of loading the honest
man with benedictions. Boulter, in the meantime,
waited in the road till ho saw the creditor come out
and then took from him the thirty guineas, and ay.
erythiod he had about him.
Rely on Yonrself.
R'i'o often hear young men complain that they
are born poor. Very well ; what barn? Look
around you and you will find that nine-tenths cf
our rich men were, in early life, not worth a cent ;
console yourself, then, with the reflection, that if
the past is any guarantee fur the future, 3 our chan
ces of being wealthy are better than if you bad
been born rich. The fact is, while you ought to
have been up nud doing, you have been crying to
Jupiter to help you out of the mire with the wheel-
Rely on yourself. Consider that, in this world,
where every man is striving his best to outdo his
neighbor, you will have to wait forever if you trust
the advancethent of your fortunes to others. The
old Greek begun to carry the calf when young, and
became eventually strong enough to bear a bull.
Do you, like hi.n, go to work in earnest, and by
and by you will be estcnished to sea what you can
do. Tho great secret of the failure of the rich
man's sons in life, is this they depend on their
father's wealth, lose all energy, enterprise and in
dustry, nod aro, at lust, in spite of their advantages,
distanced by those who have been stript and girt for
the raco for years. We once read a story, wheat
, hero took for his motto,—"Push;"—aml whenever
any difficulty met him, rind he felt his heart sink
ing, ho whispered !push' to himself', and went to
work resoluta on success.—What made 'Napoleon
so great a man! It was his irons will, quite as
much so his genius. Your mon who have no
minds of their own, and aro unable to rely on them.
selves, are liko children in go-carts, who, the mo
ment the support is gone, tumble headlong. We
love a sturdy, determined boy at school, Oven if ho
is a littlo obstinate ; for we know he will get along
in the world, All your great reformers have been
men of resolute wills. Luther would have failed
in the crisis of his fate, had he not said ho was go
ing to Worms, though it should rain Duke Georges
nine days in succession, and every roof bo tiled
with devils. When the charges of French cavalry
broke in among theßritish squares at Waterloo, like
successive waves before Eddystone, in the tempes
tuous sea, Wellington exclaimed, 'Gentlemen we
must die at our post; there can bo no retreat , and
it was that heroic resolution, and that only, which
won the day. And this is this secret of all success.
Take our word for it, young man, unless you make
upyour mind to rely on yourself, you will never
achieve any thing worthy of inanhood.—Ncal's
Men may say what they will, but we know that
there can never bo a paradise without some dough•
ter of Eve within it : and home is only a place to
eat and drink, and sit and sleep in, without the hal
lowing charms of woman's presence. Men may
say what they will about the jovial freedom of their
Liberty Halls, but many a weary joyless hour pass
es within them ; many a discontented, peevish,
snarlish feeling is experienced, many a vacuum of
heart and thought, many a comfortless rainy day,
many a long winter evening, when the tickling of
the clock is the only sound, and that does but echo
like the knell of departed moments that might have
been joyous if spent in cheerful companionship.
And then for the lonely old bachelor to coma into
his house wet and weary, without a creature to wel
come him with either a word or a smile, or a single
gleam of pleasure, to brighten the place ; nobody
to consult his tales or his comforts, nobody to prat
tle to him, to tell him the gossip of the neighbour
hood, to link his sympathies and his interests with
surrounding people, no body to double Iris joys or
to halve his sorrows; nobody to nurse him if ho be
sick, to consolo him if he be sorrowful : and then
as as time creeps on, and ago overtakes him, to
hear no joyful prattler near him, and to leave, at
last, nono behind to lament hini—heigho !
Wo aro told, that in the Island of Jersey, tog
land, where the farmers sell their produce and live
upon the refuse, it is ctistorriary for them to tie their
wheat in small sheaves, and by striking each twice
or thrice across a barrel while lying on its ciao on
the floor, a superfine sample of wheat is obtained
for market, the sheaves are thrown by, to be clean
thrashed in the evenings of winter by lamp light.
I have just met with the account of a farmer in
Vermont, to whom his neighbors resorted for the
purpose of securing seed wheat of a superior qual
ity, very fins in appearance, remarkably productive,
and of early maturity; ho readily command three
dollars per bushel, when the price of wheat wee a
dollar and a quarter, calling it the rod and genuine
Barrel wheat. DM the secrei was at last discovered ;
he used, before thrashing his wheat, to aelect the
best sheaves, and striking thorn over the side of the
curtly barrel as it lay on the floor three or foUr
times, before laying them down to be clean thrashed,
ho obtained in this very simple way a Very superior
seed wheat, which the whole coveted at a double
price. Thus the largest and ripest kernels were
separated and collected withont labor or difficulty,
and Li profitable business was carried on until his
neighbore discovered how to make .Barrel wheat'
Ifur theinselves.—Boslon Cultivator.
Sam Slick's idea of a good 117fc.—he hadn't
no car for music, Sum, but she had a capital ro for
dirl,and for poor folks that's much better. /co one
never seen as murk dirt in my house as a tly couldn't
bruah off with his wings. Ltostin gals may boast
of their spinets, and their otitis, and their eliclal
ian airs and their ears fix music--but give me the
rl, I say, tl.at has an ova 150 nit., for she's
the gal fur tr y mums„
The Age of tho
Tho London despatch say s:—A pleasant, cheer
ful, lively, generous, charitable-minded woman
never old. Iler heart is ar young at GO or 70 as it
is at la or 20; and they who are old at GO or 70,
aro not made old by time. They are made old by
the ravages of passions, and feelings of en unso
ciable and ungenerous nature, which have canker
ed their minds, wrinkled their spirits, and withered
their souls. They nrc made old by envy, by jeal
ousy, by hatred, by suspicions, by uncharitable
feelings, by slandering, scandalizing, ill-bred habits:
which, if they avoid they preserve their youth to
the very last ; so that the child ehall die, no the
Scripture say, a hundred years old. There aro
many old women who pride themsel4s on being
eighteen or twenty. They carry all the character
istics of ago about them, without even suspecting
that they are old women. Nay, they even laugh _
and sneer, and make themselves merry with such
mirth as malice can enjoy—by sarcastic reflection 4
upon the ago of others—who may step in modestly
between them and admiration, or break down tho
inonoply of attraction which they have enjoyed for
a season, either in imagination or reality. Pride is
an old passion, and vanity is as gray as tho moun
tains. They are old women that have much of
either. They arc dry, heartlees, dull, cold indiffer
mt. They want the well spring of youthful etrec
lion, which is always cheerful, always active, al
ways engaged in some labor of love which is cal
culated to promote and distribute enjoyment.—
They pine, re-pine, sigh and glean ; they yawn ,
and stretch thernielve, they murmur, grumble,
long, fret, frown; they snap, carp and vapor.—
They go to bed in tho morning, they breakfast ir
! bed; they find fault with this, and the other thing ;
they make their own childien run'avVaY from them
and take refuge in the cellar, or the back kitchen,
or any other place that they may rid them of the
old woman ! And the children on such occasions
also cull them old, by an instinct of nattire. Old
I woman, old lady, old grim face, old gripe, or any
nickname with the epithet of old prefixed to it, is
as commonly applied by children to bad tempered
mothers, nurses, or aunts, as pretty, kind, sweet.
dear, and youthful epithet's, aro instinctively ap
plied to the good-humored grandma with her wrink
led face. Thera is an old age of tho heart which
is possessed by many, who have no suspicion that
there is anything old abont them, and there is n
youth which never grovis old, a Love which is ever
a boy, a Psyche who is over a girl;
A beautiful Climate,
Hastings, in his description of Upper California,
says that the climate of the Western section, is that
of perpetual spring. The mean tomperaturn of the
year in about 61 Farenheit ; that of spring 66 ; that
of summer 70 ; that of autumn 67; and of winter
61. 'rho mean temperature of tho warmest month
is 74; that of the coldest winter month, 48. This
statement applies to latitude 37 north. The rainy
season is confined, generally, to the winter Months;
end during winter the weather is alternately mini
and clear. Sufficient moistum accumulates in win
, for to matam all the ctcp,.
Prom there facts, it may be judged that tho Cli
mate is healthy. It is remarkably so. So pure id
the atmosphero that overt in summer, fresh Meat
may be hung several weeks in the open air, without
becoming tainted. In fact, disease is acareely knoWn
in that country. Cases of bilious fevers are eo mil 4
that the patient does not usually resort to tuedi,al
ail Ferrous thus attacked seldom resort to any
other rime dy than to abstain from food for a few
days, or going to tho coast.
A peculiarity of this climate is, that mast of the
fruits of the tropical and temperate zones, aro pro.
duced here in perfection. Wheat, oats, rye, barle7
corn and tobacco, cotton, carte and rice, succeed well ;
so do our northern vegetables and fruits, as well as
pomegranalcs,orangcs, lemons, citrons, dates, &c.
California is too good a country to bo occupied I'l
a few Indians and ignorant and debased Mexicana.
13Ar.—A young lady was lately fined at
New Orleans fur wearing p . antaloone. The justico
insi.ted that girls had no business with these ar
ticles, and that it belonged entirely to married wo
men to wear breeches."
Answer h a rkiilkngc.—i'lle eccentric 11. H.
Breckenridge, ono of tho Judges of the Supremo
Court of Pennsylvania, when u young Man, woo
challenged to nOit a dire% by in English officer,
whorn he answered as follows :
havo objections to this duel matter—the ono is
lest I should hurt you, and the other is lest you
should hurt me. Ido not see any good it would
do to put a ball through your body. I could Make
no use of you when dead for any culinary purpose,
us I would a rabic or a turkey. I ant its cannibal to
feed on the llesh of men. Why theit shoot dawn
a human creature, of whom I could make no use I
A bank would make better meat. For though
your flesh might be delicate and tender, yet it waits
the firmness and constancy which takes and retains
salt. At any Tato it would not do fur a lung sea
: . • . • :
'You might make a good harbacne, it trite, Ist •
lag of the ming° of a raccoon or opossum ; but
people a.te not in thu habit of barbecuing anything
that is human now. And on to your hide, it is not
wroth taking off, Icing a little better than a two
year old colt. So much for yeti'. As foi myself, I
do not like to stand itt the way of anything that is
hurtfUl. I not under the impression that you might
hit too. This b,ing the case, I think it most ad
visable to stay ut a distance. If you want to try
yoiir pistols, take route ohjeet, a tree, or a barn door
about my dimensions. If you hit that, send me
and I acknowledge that if I hid bevn, in
the place rot 4111;1J .doc, hs. Lot