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Debote7l to enteral Etat:Mem:cc, Mitertfollg, Volftito, Afteratttre, s,tientro, elfsri culture, Stnuottetent, scr., Szc.
THEODORE H. CREMER,
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WiNTER Xs COMING.
nr D. C. cor.EswonTnr,
j ie•coming—cold and drew—
See ye the poor around?
Oh, when the wrathful storms career,
And snow o'erspreads tho ground,
Will ye not take them by the hand,
• Or to; the hovel go,
And round the dying embers stand,
And wipe the tears that flow?
Winter is - coming—hear ye not,
The mother's earnest cry
For dark and dreary is her lot—
No real friend is nigh,
For wood and broad she asketh now,
0,! shill she ask in yaM
See sorrow stamped upon her brow,
• And mark the orphan train.
Winter is coming --every drawer
Should be unlocked to-day;
Whom do you keep that clothing for?
Why not give it away ?
Come pull it out—a cloak—a vest,
' Whatever you can give,
Wrapped snugly round the orphan'. breast
Will make the dying live.
The closet search—a pair of shoes
Half worn—and here's a cap,
Which you perhaps may never use—
A hat with scarce a nap -
A pair of pants—a rusty coat—
4. 0 give them to the poor;
• Whatlis not worth to you a groat]
Will health and warmth secure.
What's in yotir garret Have the moths.
For months been busy there?
Ay.. they have quite destroyed the cloths
Y.3u've saved with prudent care.
Came, pull them out, perhaps we may
Find something that will make
A poor man rich, if given to-day,
And bless the hearts that ache.
Winter is coming ; give, oh give
Whatever ye can spare ;
A mite will Make the wretched live,
And smooth the brow of care.
When Plenty smiles around your door,
And Comfort dwells within,
if If you forgot the worthy poor,
'Twill be a grievous sin.
" LONG AGO."
Long ago Those words how thrilling
Come they with their murmur low,
lk The spirit's troubled waters stilling
With the music—" Long ago."
Memory's long deep hoarded treasure
thing they to the spirits light:
Days of yore with dreams of pleasure,
Rushing back upon the sight.
Long ago ! Those words of sadness,
Bringing through the mists of years,
'Visions of departed gladness :
Ne'cr forgotten sighs sod tears.
Dreams of youth and thoughts of flowers,
Fading, but:surpassing sweet ;
1 Skies where brightly nod the hours,
Never more the sight to greet,
Long ago ! Those words how dearer
Far than others we may know,
When they bring our spirits nearer
• To the !eyed of long ago.
The key-note of a measure, filling
All the heart with harmony
The discord of the present s.illing,
_ Calming all its troubled sea.
Ladies are interested in any informs
tion relating to this beautiful and valuable
animal, and it appears that her Majesty
Queen Victoria liaa already commenced
the rearing of them. A London editor
i 'frientions having received a specimen of
J t ,ilpaca wool, cut from one of the animals
in possession of the Queen.
The Alpaca is a wool-bearing animal,
indigenous to South America, and is one
of four varieties %vhi.-..11 bear general points
4 r emblance to each other. The Lama,
•e of these varieties, has been long
known and often derzribed : but it is only
within a few years that the Alpaca has
been considered of sufficient importance
..to merit particular notice.
Nine tenths of the wool of the Alpaca
is black, the remainder being partly white,
red mid grizzled. It is of a very lung
:;:il._.3c.mL - sa.: - Azr.r.:_;. - 11. - E - a 41 3 ac:34a43..
staple, often reaching twelve inches, and
resembles soft glossy hair—which char
acter is not lost in dying. The Indians
n the South AmeriCan mountains manu
facture nearly all their clothing ti•om this
wool, and are enabled to appear in black
dresses,: without the aid of a dyer. Both
the Lama and Alpaca, are, perhaps, even
of more value to the nati•res as beasts of
burden than wool-bearing animals, and
their obstinacy when irritated, is well
known. The importance of this animal
has already been considered by the En
glish, in their hat, woollen and stall trade,
and an essay on the subject has been pub
lished by Dr. Hamilton, on London, from
which some of these details are collected.
The wool is so remarkable, being a Jet
black, gloisy, silk-like hair, of texile fab
rics differing from all others, occupying a
medium position between the wool and
It is now mingled with other material:
in such a sing,u!ar manner, that while a
particular dye will affect those, it will
leave the Al paca wool with its original
black color, and thus giving rise to great
The Alpaca weighs, when full grown,
from 160 to 200 lbs. It yields annually
a fleece weighing from 10 to 14 lbs. or
More. The flesh is said to be wholesome
and nutricious ; the skin may be used for•
bookbinding and other purposes.
An English writer inquires : Can the
Alpaca be naturalized in England, and is
it probable that its culture will yield a
profitable return 1
The Alpaca is found in large herds on
the Andes, sometimes at an elevation of
10,000 or 11,000 feet above the sea, where
eternal snow rests on the mountain tops,
where frequent and violent storms prevail,
and where the scanty herbage is of the
' coarsest kind. There they prosper, meet
ing with but slight attention on the part
of the shepherds. Disease is unknown
among them, they are attached to their
keepers, and never stray from their herds.
They brave the fiercest. snowdrifts, the
strongest 011ie herd advance first, bend
down their heads to meet the coming
storm. and trampel down,or reap over the
hillocks of snow thdt obstruct their pas-
Viewing the peculiar habits of this an
imal the idea of the author is, that it might,
with but little trouble or expense, and with
great advantage, be naturaliied in those
mountainous districts of Scotland and
Ireland, and on the bleak and barren bills
of England and Wales, which, from their
nature, can never be brought into cultiva
tion, and which now yield subsistence to
no creatures fit for the use of man. From
long and extensive inquiries he is convin
ced that the Alpaca will live and flourish
on the coarse mountain grasses, where an
English sheep would starve; and he is
satisfied that thus a large addition might
be made to our national wealth, as the
Alpaca would produce fleeces double the
weight of those taken from an English
sheep, and of a superior quality, while it
would furnish a wholesome meat for gen
' eral consumption.
The experiments which have hitherto.
been made for naturalizing the Alpaca in
England have not, it must be owned, tur
ned out favorably; hut we must be care
ful not to confound accidental casualties
with a natural incapacity of the creature
to flourish on our soil. The only trials yet
made have been on too limited a scale to
furnish any decisive result. They have
been kept in pairs, or groups of Eve or six,
and have rarely been judiciously treated,
In soma instances they have received the
seeds of disease during theie long voyage,
from which they have never recovered,
and in others have been injured by being
afibrded rich pasturage, instead of the
coarse and scanty load to which they are
accustomed. Yet, even under these un-
I favorable circumstances, the whole cur
rent of taatirnony of these who have kept
them is in favor of their prospering well on
cur 'high lands if the experiment uvera
Mr, R. Bell, of Villa-house, in the coun
ty of Kerry, procured a small herd of
Alpacas, and his account of them is so
curious and interesting that we extract a
' tew of his sentences:
• The Alpacas on his farm are of various
colors, some being brown, others black,
and one perfectly white. They have not
been shorn since the month of June, MIL
and the average length of their wool at
this time is eleven inches, and so firm to
theirbodies that the smallest lock cannot
be pulled off without great force: there
fore they never :rise a bit. It is exceeding
ly fine and silky; indeed very much finer
than any alpaca wool I have yet seen im
ported into England; and, during the two
years they have been here, there is a via
ble improvement in the texture of their
coat, and 1 think that the wool of the al
paca lamb here is superior in fineness
even to that of the vicuna. I have never,
even after a whole day's rain, found them
wet to the skin ; for their wool, on becom
ing wet on the outside or surface, mats
together, and becomes quite impervious to
the heaviest showers. 1 certainly do not
exaggerate when I say that each of the
old alpacas here would clip at this time
upwards of thirty pounds of wool.
The Alpacas are exceedingly playful,
and, to see them to full perfection, a dog
should be taken into the field beside them;
and, as they run at and play with the dog,
their fine and noble positions are display
ed to most advantage. From what I have
observed of the nature and 'habits of the
Alpaca, 1 do most heartily confirm your
statement, " That they would live where
a sheen would starve," and would be most
valuable as a brerding stock in the United
Kingdom. They are peculiarly well adap
ted to mountainous districts, however
coarse the herbage, if the ground be dry;
although, at the same time, I will say that
the Alpaca is as fond of a bite of good
sweet grass as any animal I know of.
From Mc New World.
3MOIVIANCI3 5m. 2.134.7A razz.
"Marked on Tuesday," (not last) by
the Rev. William Ask, Thomas Mowitt
and Charlotte Conroy, both of this city.
The above marriage was consummated
in this city on last Tuesday week--some
years ago ; and thereby hangs a tale .of.
the marvellous, Mr. Mowitt ika respect:
able shoemaker who keeps several men
employed, and among the rest was John
Pelsing, who had ingratiated himself so
much in his favor by his fiita fulness, in
dustry, and sobriety, that he took him in
partnership about three years since, and
had no cause to regret his kindness.--
From that time Mr. Mowitt and Mr.
Pelsing were constant friends and com
panions, and boarded in the same house,
until about twelve months ago, when one
day they were subpoenaed on a Cor
oner's jury about to be held over the• body
of a man that had been taken out cf the
river et the foot of Maiden Lane. The
deceased had all the appearence of being
a regular dock loafer, and it was the opin
ion of all present that he had fallen into
the slip while in a state of intoxication :
but the verdict, which was presently giv
en, was merely Found drowned."
The jury being dismissed, Mr. Mowitt
turned around to look for his friend and
fellow juror, who had been at his side till
that moment; and he was gone, and he
1 1 thought he saw him running at full speed
up Maiden Lane. This struck him as be
ing curious, end also reminded him of
another curious fact--at least curious as
connected with his sudden flight --name
ly, that when Mr. Pelsing first glanced
at the face of the corpse, he started and
turned deadly pale. Mr. M. then pro--
ceeded to his boarding house, and thence
to the store, to look for his partner ; bat
he had not been to either, nor did he re
turn ; and nothing could be heard of or
from him. Mr. M. gave up all farther in
quiries, thinking there must have been
some mysterious connection between Mr.
Pelsing and the man that was found drown
ed ; and that in consequence thereof, Mr.
Pelsing had, in all probability, made way
Su matters rested till a cet tain day last
summer, when a lady called oa Mr. Mo
witt, at his store; and asked for Mr. Pel
sing. She was told the paticulars of his
And he has not been here since " she
inquired. " Not since," was the reply.
I know he has," returned the lady.
" Ile has nl4, I assure you ; at haat riot
to My know:edge," replied Mr. Muwitt.
"But I am positive I" said the lady.
" What proof have you of it i" inquired
"The best in the world :" returned the
lady ; " for I am here. and Lir. Pe lsing
and myself ere one and the same person."
And ctrange es it may seem, such was
The queetiSn then was, whether Mr.
Pe(sing was a gentleman or a lady ; and
it turned out that she was a lady, and that
her name was Charlotte Conroy ; and fur
ther more. that she was the widow of the
man who 'sac found drowned. She then
stated that her husband was a shoemaker
'in Philadelphia ; that she had been two
years married ; that ter husband, whose,
name was Coaoy, took to drinking, and
treated Ler ihully ; having no children,
she used to spend her leisure hours sit
ting by and stitching shoes torher husband,
intendieg, as soon as she could fints:i
shoe to leave the drunken man, and work
her way through the world alone. Hav
ing equipped herself in men's clothes, she
left her lord and master and soon arrived
in New York. Of her success es a jour
neyman, foreman and partner, we have
seen above• As soon as the Coroner's
inquest was finished, she started for Phil
adelphia, where she learned that her hus
band--who had become a wandering loaf-.
er —had a week before, set out for New
York, where, instead of finilins an injured
wife, he fount( a watery grave.
The finale of this romantic affair was,
that Mr. Mowitt requested Mrs. C. to
make his house her home ; and fading
that lie loved Mrs. Conroy, even better
than Mr. Peloing, he proposed a partner
ship for Tile, which treaty was ratified by
their becorqng man ti.id wife, in a few
This is perhaps the first instance on
record wherein a wife performed the of-
Ece of a Coroner's juryman on 'the body
of her own husband. The lady, by the
way, is very good locking, and still on the
safe side of thirty.
TRANSMISSION OF TYPES, IN
STINCTS, AND HABITUDES.
Take the mastiff, the Newfinind:and
slog, and the greyhound, and keep their
families severally pure from any Inter
course with each other, and under similar
circumstances and conditions, they will
preserve their respective physical charac
teristics, unaltered and unimpaired, from
generation to generation ; just as if the
races had each of them, so to express it,
a canine Adam and Eva of their own.—
But this is not the whole of the case. It
is also found . that not only certain organ.
is peculiarities, but certain habitudes, cer
tain artificial instincts, may be acquired;
and that, when cuie acquired, these, too,
are transmissible from site to son. A
careless observer might easily bo tempted
to conclude that these acquired properties
were primitivo and aboriginal, and dis
tinctive of peculiar ond separate races . —
But a due and unprejudiced attention to
the above class of phenomena would soon
satisfy hint that his conclusion was erre-
nevus. We must confine ourselves to a
few instances of these curious divergen
cies from the right line of original stocks.
• The wild dog, then, most certainly, has no
great instinctive propensity for the ofilce
of guardiad and master to a large flock of
sheep. Ile is vastly more disposed to dine
upon the mutton himself than to aid in
preserving a supply of it for a race of car
nivorous bipeds. And yet we have among
us a breed of dogs,whose aptitude for that
employment is an unvarying and heredit
ary as if the keeping of sheep had been
the final cause of their creation.
A terrier, whose parents had been in
the habit of fighting with polecats, will in
stantly show every mark of anger and
pugnacity on perceiving the scent of that
animal; and this although the animal itself
be wholly hid from sight. A young span
iel, brought up with the terrier, will en
dure the odor of the polecat without the
slighiest symptom of emotion, but will
pursue the first woodcock it has ever
seen with clamor and impatience. A well-
bred young pointer, which has never set
eyes on a patridge, will stand trembling
with agitation, its eyes fined, its muscles
rigid, when introduced for the first time
into the middle of a covey. Again, the
natural paces of the horse . are to the walk,
the trot, and the gallop. • But the horses
bred on the table-land of the Cordillares
are carefully taught a peculiar and artift•
cial pace, a sort of running ambler and
the horseg so trained became the sires of a
race to which the amble is natural, and
requires no teaching. The fact is so well
known that such colts are described by
the peculiar name of aguillas. Now, this
class of the phenomena seems to be at
moral stripe with the philosophy which in-
Bists span the necessity of multiplying
species in order to account for the almost
endless variety of breeds. lt is abun
daatly sualcient to show, that many ani
mals, perhaps all animal?, are endowed
with the capacity of acquiring and trans
mitting a hurt of second nature; and that
this capacity forms just as',lnuch a law of
their enistence as the more general t law,
which separates the race of the lion from
the race of the on, and all animal races
whatever from the race df men.
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' I.4 .CNG
THE HUNTINGDON JOHNAL,
"One country, one constitution, one destiny."
TiTednesday znorning, Dec. 4, 1844.
who is .71arns E. 'folk,?
Pray, Mr. Cuon, hate you eta yet ob
tained any inrorniaTim as to who this
"obscure" individual might be?—Har
risburg A 7,gus.
" Who is James K. Polk?" Go ask hiS
neighbors, where he resides, and has resi
ded from his boyhood! The vote oleo.;
lumbia, his place of residence, statds as
For Henry Clay,
For James K. Polk,
Majority for Clay, 109
That's who he is!—Are you answered
Mr. Angus.—lktrrisburg laid .
Tho rraul Cearnsed.
The N. Y. Plebiun, a leading Lo cane°
paper acknowledges that " in some parts
of Pennsylvania, the friends of Gov. Polk
practised dishonesty, and represented him
as friendly to the Tariff of 1842."
Folk's Native County.
LuuEs K. Pala; was born in :Mecklen
burg county, North Carolina, and it was
in the same county that his grandfather
swore allegiance to the British Crovin.—
" To the same county,", says the Raleigh
Register, " Gen. SANDERS and Gen.
DRONGOOLE made a political pilgrimage,
to enlighten the people and convert them
from the error of their ways. But all
these appliances failed of their effect.—
The IVlngs have given a net gain in that
County, since the August Election, of one
hundred and forly-two votes I
U. S. Senator.
It is understood that Col. JAMES R.
SNO%VDEN of Venango, WILSON WCAND
LESS, E4q., of Allegheny, and Gov. POR.
TP.R, will be brought forward by their re•
spective friends as candidates for the U.
S. Senate in place of Dr. Sturgeon whose
term expires on the 4th of March next.
Speaker of tho Rouse.
Maj. FINDLAY PATTER SON of Arm
strong, and E. Y. BRIGHT, Esq., of North
umberland, have been named in the last
number of the Harrisburg Argus as suita
ble candidates for Speaker of the House.
The Whig papers in Virginia hint
that extensive frauds have likewise been
perpetrated in that State.
o:7' A brutal murder was committed
near Kittanning a tew days ago upon an
innocent and inoffensive man named Fla-
vies Spencer; by two Irish Catholics
whose names are O'Brien and Johnson.
czs Ziat z. - ) 0 4:3 e 3
More of the Dore:If:Ion of Loooteco
ism and Dorris=.
The following brutal attack upon the
Whig Candidates for President andi.
Vice President appeared in the Hartford
l'imes, the organ of latter tlay Democra
cy in Connecticut. We hope that those
who profess Christianity here and else
whet,. will ',nil it ;
"The hyoerite FIV, LING I I UYSEN,
nominated by the cocas us " a chloride of
lime" to netitralize the stench of Clay's
debaucher:es and other crimes, turas out
to be, instead of a real chloride, an AD-
O! lION OF Fi LTil to the coon-hole
of 11 higgery. From the Newark Post
we perceive he has taken the stump and
is alternately addressing coon meeting)
and Sunday ,Vcliools—in the one praising
up the GAMBLING and duelling Clay,
while in the latter with the gravity cf a
'Christian he effects piety and righteous
ness the hypocrite I"
From the liar trord Journal.
Thrao Grcans for the President of
tho :13-d Bible Society.'
4. Three Groans for the President of
the d-d Bible Society P' This was
one of the mad cries uttered by the ilkits
sortrd rabble of foreigneis and degraded
Americans, which on 'Thursday evening
congregated in front of the Time 4 office.
It followed the crv. of " Three groans for
d-d old Clay!" We shall make no
commentary on this occurrence—none is .
needed. The c.•erupt party which has
hugged to its bosom the horde . of ignorant
and intolerant foreigners, whose only op
position to Mr. FRELINGHUYSEN, sprang
from the fact that he occupies the distin
guished poSt of President of the AMERMAN
BIBLE SOCIETY, and is devoted and
untiring in his exertions TO SPREAD
THE HOLY WORD OF GOD—we , say
this party, by this fact, has assumed a po
sition which toast array against it the. pi •
ety and true Christianity of the country.—
When it comes to this, that a political par
ty, exalting over the successful issue of a
base anti-American coalition, signalizes
its triumph, and panders to the passions
and prejudices of its ignorant foreign allies
by demon-shouts, and fiendish groans for
the presiding officer of a Society havin
for its object the highest, the holiest, an.
most ennobling ends—then, Tuna it be
comes the duty of every good citizen,
every Christian, irrespective of party, to
arre- as the emergency demands.
Men of New England—sons of sires,
wim, braving the storm and the sea;
sought in tho wilderness of America, a
temple where they might worship their
God according to the dictates of their
own consciences—the BIBLE for their
guide and counsel—Freemen, a great
and fearful responsibility rests on YOU I
Prepare to meet it as men—as AMER
Minsk oft:---rplk and Free Trade!
The Charleston Alercury of the 12th
inst., thus announces the election of Polk
THE RESULT IS SURE AND ULO•
Deniocracy 7'riumphant, and James K.
Polk, Pleside)t Elect,
The mails at yesterday removed all
doubt. The Empire State has given Polk
and Dallas a majority of thousands—and,
with the exception at North Carolina,
which too shews a decided turning back
to the right, the whole South is united for
Free Trade, Low Duties, No Debt, Sepa
ration from Banks, Economy, Retrench
ment, and a strict adherence to the Con
The italics—" Free Trade"—in the
above extract are those of the Mercury,
and are employed, no doubt by Mr. Cal
houn's organ in South Carolina, to indi
cate that Mr. Polk's Election in that vi
cinity is regarded mainly as a Free Trade
0::r A trial for murder came off in the
Allegheny Court of Quarter Sessions last
week in which GEOM. DUNN, charged
with the murder of John Anderson, wac
found guilty of murder in the first degree.
This is the first capital conviction ►n that
court for several years.
The "Union,' published in Lancaster.
Pa., has renounced the Whig party, am ,
joined the Native Americans. It too
this step immediately after the late el , •
tion, agreeably to its announcement 4.1 a.
ring the Philadelphia riots.