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77L BLESSINGS OF GOVERNMENT, LIKE THE DEWS OF HEAVEN,' SHOULD BE DISTRIBUTED ALIKE, UPON THE HIGH AND THE LOW, THE RICH AND THE POOR.
?.:r.ictrat aift i?rn:incl,
in boruh of Ebet.burg,
; ... ( 'nit--, P.i.. every Wc'tu-fihiy
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.. t i t iy their subscriptions
:.. .; .:;piiiti i; ..J six months will
the i..V: of ,f-2.50 per ye.tr,
-. ' f -..! l. ay until ;.fur the ex
: ; !. I'.tl.a will be charged at
; ; ': 0 j : r v e;;r.
r; .. , : an-! Sn.Unc! when paid for
. , . :s '..i.-r ri nts pur number ;
.,-t i ... 1 m i-iv..;.ce .vx etuts per
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c . i: subse-::.i-r:t ii.sc. 1 i. :;.
Il.-.-luf.o .; i f S v.if.i.'-s, or conuii'iiiiea
i of.. i it.- : -.1 r.-atuic l-.iist bo paid fol
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' f!;t. ::.m ; . I in a-h'ort'-enu ni.
1..-.S or .o r,i :; .NI C! !:f cr.ARS.
1'. r 2 . r.0. I'M) E..vl.l00
SV'-r.'l.S't. :i TO 51 75 $ 0: $ 75
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. . . 2 GO Z (Uh S .-,0 1 50
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r 1 .'(i : U'-O f r $?, 00
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V:.- .:; , .12 0 I K.ieii a.l. q'r.t 1 50
A';, tr.a '.f r.t verb rv.i-t ': e i:i-l fT on
:!. CJ.AKK WILCOX,
i.'c .-.r, Jut; M, loo").
FOP SALE OR RENT.
f? U'L FATi.I r.r : COAT. LAND formerly
i v. .,ed oy ..!.' Giihm, Sr., situnte in
i ... ;..v!i lev. : ;:.:!). Cunbrin. county, about
1 ' "-il".- Th rta-vost of Kbenaburg, ad-
1 m'l.- f the l.x'e J -hn Gillan, Jr.,
' '' ;:. i.d, Divi-i Davi-. Jr., and
' : i'.t-.r Wagner, containg
O-t :!!, I Tt':.;, t.'rrcc Acre,
r r: '-'.h --:ts, having thereon erected a
O'0l STONE DWELLING HOUSE and
A ?,;sip:f ISaiiU Clarn.
coi. tains an abundance of coal
:-n t ipullfy a drift 4 feet thick
.:i : U-::i ope..'. l which is now being
-V ph.' h tV:P undersigned, the present
' ;; r ririi'.inj ::. the borough tf Khns
II. L. .10 IXSTUX,
n.v. is"". if.
'a ilrcc', Iciicecn FrcnKin ami Clinton,
N.rih side, JO HNS TO WN, FA.
AS constantly n hand a largo and well
;.eh-cted st(K.k t.f seasonable
. iY. GOODS ME WMM.
i " stock cot ists of almost every article
-u d'y kept in a retail store, all of which
ic beeu selertcd with care aud are t-ffjred
' prices which ca:not fail to prove satiafae-
: v. Call aud examine for vourselves.
- v. 16, 1S63.oi.. IlWALTEIhS.
fTV'T. t'.nd-rsigncd Graduate of the Dalti
i'. r- ilh.e0 Dental Surgery, rcsjiect
i : 'x- lus prtjf""sii!iial services to the
o.?::v-r . f Eletisburg. He has spared no
r..i:..uh.orcu-h!y h "acquaint himself with
0 '' l.v .r.:j rovcuitnt "n his art. To many
J'a:-: ,ct P'Tscnal experience he has thought
V' ,tV" jrarartrd experience of the high
est omw;,:,,, in VqvX.a Sci(?ncc 0 sim.
p.y n.k t.iAt r.n r pportuity may bo given
lor tin wurc t., ps 0vn j,,..
r - tS;VVU CL liKLFOUD, D. D. S.
L-uicc in Li..t,'..x,e pk0Wi
Tr :f. C. A. Harris ; T. E. Tnd, jr. ; W. R.
pVv 5 Ay); BIaaay v-IL Astt'n. of the
1 c. tin'ore C I!ere.
,.f;;: V;i: bcat Ebcnsbnrg on the fourth
-i u lay of each month, t i stay one week.
i.r..ssru;Kot, Cambkta Couxty, P.
'.r:o two doors North -.f Colouudc R.
Aprn C, :8S0-tf
J. C. WILSUX, I).,
f FFKKS bi.s services as I'lIYSICrAN an-l
U .SUUGKON, to tl.e citiz'-ns of Kb-nsburg
arnj srurrouriJifiC; cou;try. Office three; doors
D--t vf the Presbyterian Cliurcli, il the
ronni iVTinerlj' ( ccuitied by Dr. Junes.
Ebensburg, April 12. lbG0.3;n..
T. A. SIIOEMAKEIJ,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
CAVr-RLl COUNTY, FENN'A.
December 7, lSOo. (tf.)
v. 11. si:ciili:iI7
Attorney at Larz,
AND PRACTICAL SURVEYOR
r p r v ' '5 s: n v
i i b h : b L 11 If ,
CA MB II !. I CO! WTY, FENNA .
:i:ee in tl.e Cuiii.'ni.stioiier's ofiice.
D-cin-bcr 7, ISCo. (tf.)
li. L JOIIXSTON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
ffFFICn in the South, en 1 of his residence.
XJ iniine.ii.Uvly opt.; site the Court Iloue,
I-:b( -oeburj:. I'.i.
November SZ, 1SC5. (1 87.)
GEORGE ". UAT2YaN
Attorney at Law,
OFFICE IN rni.ONADE ROW, r.earTy
opposite the Cmrt Ileuse, Lbensbur,
November 23. 1SG5. (.1.37.)
JOHN P. LINTOX,
A'tomey an-l 'Onn:.cUtr at Lute, -JOHNSTOWN.
fiFFICE in building on corner of M.iin and
J Franklin street, opposite Mansion Ilou.-e,
second t!.. t. Entrance on Franklin street.
Johnstown, Nov. lG, 1SG5..
ATTORN EY-AT-L AW.
Johnstown, Cambria. Co.. Pa.
OiT.ce in tho Exchange building, on the
Corner of C'into-j and Locu.-t streets tip
stairs. Will attend to all business connect
ed with his profession.
Dec. 0, ISOS.-tf.
itornm at ?afo, fibnisburg,
Cambria County Fenna.
OliJce Colunatle row.
Dec. 4. 1P0
Q YI1US L. PERSIIING,
Johnstown, Cambria County, Fa.
Ofiice on Main street, second floor over
.?. Zl. Scanlan,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OFFICE ON MAIN STilEET, THREE
DOORS FAST ok the LOGAN HOUSE.
December 10. 1803.-!v.
ATTO R N EY-AT-L A W ,
Ebensl'urg, Cambria county Ta.
Office on Main stiect adjoining his dwel-
May 4, I8G0.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Cawbria Counhf. Pa.
OFFICE IN COLONADE ROW.
March 13. 1804. (M.o0.)
Eoensburg, Cambria Co. Ta.
Offiice on Main street, three doors East
of Julian. ix 2
nn D. W. EVANS,
U tit Tenders his pro
fessional services to the citizens t f
EDENirDUEG AND VICINITY.
Office one door east of R. Davis' store.
Night calls made at his residence three doors
west of R. Evans' cabinet ware room.
May 31. 1SG5-Cm
LLOYD Si, CO.,
Ebehsburrj . Cambria Counfi, Pennsylvania.
&OLD, SiLVER, GOVERNMENT BONDS
and other securities bought and sold.
Interest allowed on time deposits. Collec
tions made on all accessible points in the
United States, and a General Banking
business transacted. March 1, ISCG.tf.
EBENSBURG, PA., THURSDAY, MAY
Trial of Jeff Davis.
The feeling worked up in Washington
by the speeches of Steven?, wishing all the
Southern people " in hell," and Senator
2sye in favor of hanging Jeff Davis with
out trjing him, caused the Washington
correspondent of the Hoston Traveler to
write to that pnper in this way :
" It is the settled purpose of certain
men in high position here to have Mr.
Davis executed, if it is within the range
of possibility, and they are not slow in
asserting that the people of the Xorth will
never allow the interposition of Executive
There is no question about the truth of
this, for the " persons high in authority "
alluded to, take no pains to corneal their
feeling ; and unless we are very much
mistaken the men alluded to have really
r i .1: : . 1 . . 1 1 : t.
louiKi a wann sympau.ier 1.1 o ut.-e 1.0- ( ln me encroachment oi t.'ie general govern
derwood, before whom Davis is expected I1K.nt upon the powers cf the States and
to be tried. His charge to the Grand
Jury of the United States District Court
of Norfolk, on Tuesday a week, was more
like one of Sfevens" bloody announcements,
than the calm and cautious utterances,
which are expected fiom a Judge. So
violent was his language that the foreman
of t lie Jury asked to be excused from
serving, " because he felt himself incom
petent as a man of peace aud good will
to all men, to handle the tools spoken of
in the charge.
From the charge in ques-
lion it is evident that Judge Underwood
is prepared to do all within power to bring
the prisoner to the gallows. His vindic
tive charge demonstrates this very clearly.
Witliout entertaining the slightest re
gard for the life of Jell'. Davis more than
we do for the humblest rebel in the late
rebellion, we do not think that he should
be tiied in passion by individuals whose
verdict is fixed before they are empanelled
as jurors. His crime was a great one,
but no greater than that of thousands who
acted with him. lie should, therefore, be
tried by the highest tribunal in the land,
and if convicted then the question of in
llicting punishment should be considered
with caution. lie is no ordinary otlender,
but no matter how heinous his ofil-ncc,
will it be the true policy of the govern
ment, for our future peace and dory, to
inflict upon him the extreme punishment
which seme are panting for? The Eng
lish Government never made a greater
mistake, in regard to Ireland than it did
in executing Robert Emmet. That act,
even now, arouses more hatred in the
Irish heart against that government, than
do its years of oppression of that unfortu
nate people. ro well satisnea was the
Rritiidi government of the blunder they
made, in this execution of Emmet, that in
1848 it merely banished n few of the lead
ers of the Irish revolt of that year; while
O'l'RiKN the leader of the insurrection was'
soon after pardoned and permitted to re
turn to his home, while the rest were per
mitted to escape to America. Isabella m
pleading for the life of her brother, says
"it is good to have the power of a giant
but not to use it like a giant," so the Uni
ted States government can well afford to
be merciful to the fallen Southern chieftain
and to all others engaged with him. A
victory of mercy is what we now want,
and what will assuredly win back the
hearts of tho Southern eopJe. A paper
from President Johnson's own State allu
ding to this subject 13 very emphatic in
the conviction of Davis' ultimate release,
simply as a question affecting the future
glory of our country. England, it says
suffered Xapoleon to die in prison, and, for
centuries to come, will blush at the men
tion of the deed, l'laced in a parallel
situation, America has it in her power
to-day, to write a decree of mercy, that
shall glow and brighten by contrast in
coming years, as do the stars in heaven
from whence all mercy comes. As every
Englishman may well blush at mention of
Xapoleon Donapartc at St. Helena, so if
Andrew Johnson will crown his many acts
of wisdom with this noble act of mercy
every American may proudly point to it
as the noblest achievment of the great
republic. Fittsbitrjh Fost.
C3" Gen. Rosecrana delivered a speech
at the Johnson policy ratification meeting
in Brooklyn on the 2."th ult. This is an
other distinguished soldier who spurns the
negro platform upon which Geary stands,
and were he a citizen of this State his
voice and vote would bo against tho dis
union candidate. ,:
G3" The Louisville Journal thinks the
South has the best of it after all it being
?t-represented; while the North is mis
represented. Five thousand families have left Aus
tria for Mexico.
Ex-Senator Browning on the Presi
Ex-Senator Browning, of 111., has pub
lished a long and able letter in the Quiney
lla-ald, reviewing President Johnson's pol
icy. Ift contains these forcible words:
One of the greatest perils which threat
en us now is the tendency to centralization,
the absorption of the rights of the States,
and the concentration of all power in the
general government. When that shall be
accomplished, if ever, the days of the re
public arc numbered. Constitutional gov
ernment will be supplanted by a central
ized despotism, to be succeeded in time by
revolution, disintegration and monarchy.
Within their constitutional spheres the
States are sovereign, supreme as the gen
eral government in its sphere ; and safety
is to be found only by confining each strict
ly to its appropriate orbit. The thinner is
. . r .
the tendencies of all in that direction. The
J States are powerless to invade the domain
of the federal government, and it is vital
fr the nresprvrititin nf nur juTmirnhlo form
of Government that the States shall be ful- j
ly protected in the possession and exercise
ill their constitutional rights, functions
and powers. If the federal government
usurp them, the constitution, which the fa
thers of the republic framed with so much
. ! :o 1 ...:- .!. .. . r
VlS creation, and will -no longer protect the
rights it was intended to secure.
And concludes with these
I regard the spcerly restoration of the
Southern States to their constitutional re
lations to the federal government as vital
to our salvation. It is necessary to save
us from financial disaster, and to rescue us
from political destruction.
Wo are in no condition to maintain a
large standing army to govern the South
ern States as conquered provinces, which
will have to be done if they are forced out
of the Union.
It is necessary to enable us to maintain
our credit and meet our pecuniary obliga
tions, w hich we must meet fully, fairly,
and honestly, or be degraded.
Let the States be restored, and indus
try, business, and commerce revived, and
the legitimate revenues to be derived from
them will be a hundred fold more in value
than sdl the confiscations that have been
or ever will be made.
In addition to this, collision with a
powerful foreign nation is always a possi
ble thing. Should it come now it would
find us, as a disunited and inharmonious
people, in a poor condition to meet it.
Difficulties and dangers environ on
every hand, and I am sure that the Presi
dent's po'icy opens the best and safest way
out of them. What reason then for post
poning the day of unity and fraternity ?
They will give us strength to stand against
(he world, and light to guide us in the on
ward career of greatness and glory.
Without them we will surely go down
in darkness of despotism, or the shame
and confusion of anarclry.
Truly 3'otir friend,
O. II. liuowNrxG.
The Cost of Freeing the Negro.
Paper is made in Europe at one-third
the price that it costs to make it here.
This is owing to the loss of our cotton crop,
to the monstrous tariff and other taxes, all
of which sire the legi'imate fruits of the
negro-freeing war. I low much now, Mr.
Republican, do you think you have made
by it ? You could have had the Union by
adopting the Crittenden Compromise, but
you would not. You said "let us have
some blood-letting," and the result is now
before us. No one can be so besotted as
to believe now that you carried on the war
lor the Union, for you refuse to have the
Union, though the war has been over with
for a year! It is evident now to a child
that your war was inaugurated and carri
ed on to secure the ascendency of Aboli
tion principles to break down the dis
tinctions of race to mongrelize the coun
try. To do it, you have sacrificed the
interests of thirty millions of white people,
mado clothing, books, newspapers, &c.,
dear. You have rivitcd the chain3 of
ignorance on millions of white children,
who will bo deprived of education, books,
&c, in order to allow negroes to do noth
ing and contract disease and die ! You
are a "pretty party of progress" ain't
C3" The Commissioners, J. II. Uriggs,
Thomas Jordan and II. N. M'Alister,
appointed to assess the losses sustained by
the people of Chambersburg, by the burn
ing, have finished their labors and made
their report to tho Auditor General.
They make the aggregate losses $1,725,-171.58.
Black vs. Blue.
Gen. Geary, the Disunion candidate
for Governor, is now the leader of the
"cullud brigade." He has deserted the
"boys in blue," in order to take charge of
the boys in black! He is the candidate of
the Kump Congress which docs nothing
but legislate for the negro and which de
clares the Union to be composed of but
twenty -jice States. Grant and Sherman;
Meade and Hancock slick to first princi
ples ; they are for the Hag with thirty-six
Slavs upon it and for the Union with thirty-six
States included within its limits.
They, also, stick to the boys in blue, and
disdain to lay o!f their battle-harness to
clothe themselves in black to serve the pur
poses of ofiice greeting. Not so Geary.
He is for the Thud. Stevens' Kump Union
of twenty-live States, for the Sumnrr mu
tilated ilag of twenty-five stars, lie has
laid aside his uniform of true blue, and
donned the black of the Freedmen's 15u-
reau and the saddic-color cf the Xegro
1 Civil Rights Hill. While G rant and Sher
' man, Meade and Hancock stand by A li
drew Johnson, who is the Commander in
Chief of the Army and Navy of the Uni-
tcd State5 GcaiT opposes him and suffers
himself to be used as a tool in the hards
of the disunionist, Thad. Stevens, in the
interest of the conspiracy of the Rump
Congress against that noble patriot. There
is a direct issue, therefore, between Geary,
the leader of the boys in black, and the
friends of the patriots who fought for-a
Union of Fiirty-six Stales and under a Hag
of thirty -six stars, the soldier citizens, the
boys iii blue.
The Church Establishment in Ireland.
In a recent speech in the House of
Commons on the Irish Church supplies it
was indisputably shown that cut of a
population of G,S00,000, less than 700,
000 are Protestants. Yet this minority
monopolizes the religious endowment of
the island. This is a monstrous state of
things, which it is impossible to justify or
excuse. There are 4,500,000 Roman
Catholics in Ireland and only 700,000
Protestants. The Protestant Church is
rich, she has decreased in influence and
in the number of her adherents. Even in
Ulster the Roman Catholics number more
than half of the population the Estab
lished Church being a fraction over twen
ty per cent. Yet Ulster is the Protestant
province. Wc also find that in the other
provinces of Ireland the preponderance of
Roman Catholics is overwhelming. In
Connaught where poverty may be seen
in its bitterest forms the Church Estab
lishment cannot claim one-twentieth part
of the inhabitants. In Munster the pro
portion is only one per cent, more ; and
while the Pr3testants cannot show any ad
vance, the Catholics have increased in pro
portion to the Establishment, albeit nearly
all the Irish emigrants have been Catho
lics. The system of endowing an established
Church lias been conclusively proved to be
a crying injustice, and it should have been
removed long ago. Although we are di
rectly opposed to the upholding of a State
Church, still, if religious endowments arc
to exist in Ireland, there can be no reason
why the endowment should not be extend
ed in fair proportion to the Catholics, who
are nine-tenths of the population. The
ascendency of the endowed establishment
is an injustice, a tyranny, a living symbol
of the oppression w hich has caused such
bitter hatred for England in the hearts of
Irishmen. We are the more surprised at
this bigoted intolerance cn the part of the
Drith government w hen we reflect on the
many remarkable evidences of the loyalty
of the Irish priesthood and their endeav
ors to prevent any outbreak in the Fenian
The Dates of Secession. For gener
al information we publish Ixdow the dates
of secession of the Southern States from
South Carolina seceded Dec. 20, 1SG0.
Mississippi seceded January 9, 1SG1.
Alabama seceded January 11, 18G1.
Florida seceded January 11, 1SG1.
Georgia seceded January 19, 18G1.
- Louisiana seceded January 2G, 1SG1.
Texas seceded March 4, 18G1.
Virginia seceded April 24, 18G1.
North Carolina seceded May 21, 18G1.
Tennessee seceded June 9, 1SG1.
C5T The Democracy of Wilksbarre re
cently elected J. Ik Stark, Rurgess, by a
majority of 381. The town heretofore
went "Republican ! " Negroism is bleach
ing out about as rapidly in Pennsylvania
as could be expected.
-ST Forty years ago the whole expenses
of the general government amounted to
very little wore than is now appropriated
to the support of the negroes and to keep
Complaints from all quarters now find
public utterance against the conduct of
those who have charge of the poor blacks
in the South. The shocking cruelties al
leged to have been practiced in Andcrson
ville, for which Winz paid the penalty of
his life, are shamed by those enacted, par
ticularly in North Carolina at the present
"Atone point in North Carolina it ap
pears a settlement of four thousand blacks
exists in a condition truly deplorable.
They live in huts containing a single room,
in which large families are huddled to
gather. This settlement was recently
scourged by smallpox, and the most horri
fying scenes occurred during the ravages
of the disease. The government commis
sioners report that this settlement is presi
ded over by Rev. Mr. Titz, formerly an
army chaplain, and that this agent has ex
ercised the most arbitrarv' and despotic
i power, and "practiced revolting and un
heard of cruelties on the helpless frocdnn n
under his charge."
Among the man)' acts of cruelty com
mitted by Superintendent Firz, the com
missioners found that he had it two in
stances suspended frcedmen with cord-
around their waists, their feet not touching
the floor, and kept them in this position in
one case fuur, in the other case six hours ;
that he sentenced a frecdman to an impris
onment for three months for a tmial of
fence, that of wrangling with his wife.
He kept another man, who was arrested
for debt, shut up in the block house the
prison for months, while his wife and
two children, reduced to abject destitution,
died with the small pox, and took hini
from the prison under guard and compell
ed him to bury his last child in the cradle
in which it died.
On another occasion, when cn; of his.
guards reported to him that a colored wo
man had spoken disrespectfully of him
without even inquiring what the woman
had said, he ordered her to be imprisoned
until the next morning at nine o'clock,
when she should be brought before him to
answer for the indignity. In one instance
he imprisoned six children for ten days for
playing in the streets on the Sabbath day.
lie imposed a fine of sixty dollars upon
an aged ficedman for having tcld another
frecdman that he was about to be arrested
by Mr. Fitz. The poor old man, not
having the money to pay the fine, was im
prisoned until the next day, when his son
paid the same, w ith three dollars addition
al as jail fees. The commissioners enu
merate many other instances in which this
arbitrary power is exercised b' some of
the officers and agents of the Rurcau. as
at present operated in Virginia and Xorlh
Carolina, tends to create prcdjudice against
the government, is of no practical benefit
to the blacks, and they recommend that
the present officers be withdrawn.
t53 Some years ago a gentleman of
Norfolk, Va., had a fine negro, to whom
he gave the privilege of hiring himself out
and keeping one half the wages. One
day the negro came home to his master to
tell him that the man to whom he had
been working, wished to buy him, and
would give eight hundred dollars for him.
"Well," replied the master, "what of
that ? I don't want to sell."
"Rut you see, massa," said Sam, 'T'se
had a bad cough for some time, and specs
I'm gwinc into de sumption. I don't spec
I shall last more dan two years, and I'd
like to take dat man in.
tT A little four year old pet stood
looking out of the window the other day,
when an expressman stopped just opposite
and tied up the horse's tail, to prevent itn
trailing in the mud. She watched the op
eration intently and then called out eager
ly : "Oh, see Annie! the spressman is
making a waterfall for his horse ! "
Very Good The Toledo, Blade in
referring to the decapitation of olfice-hold-ers
by the President Itecausc of the non
support of his policy, quoted these two
lines for the benefit of ofiice-holders in that
"Ye living men come view the ground
Where you must shortly lie."
Wmi-E a carriage, containing six ne
groes, was passing through the streets of
Memphis on the 4th instant, two days
after the riots, one of the occupants drew
a pistol and fired at the captain of an en
gine company standing on the sidewalk,
barely missing his head.
-Recause Senator Jim Lane voted
against the Civil Rights bill the Kansas
Horder Sentinel was led to exclaim : "Poor,
God-forsaken wretch ; may hell's hottest
hole receive him soon." They u?e mild
language in Kansap, if this is an average