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"WE GO WHESE DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES POUSTT TBS WAY J WHE2J THEY CEASE TO LEAD, WE CEASE TO FOLLOW."
EBENSBI1RG, TJIURSDiY, JUKE 30, 1858.
the .most finished poets of the
present time is T. K. Ilervey. He has not writ
fa much, but most of Ms efforts are polished
gems. Suuic of them are as nearly faultless as
roadie. The following, for example, may
Le given as a specimen; and
it is eminently graphic,
chaste, and exqni-
TZS D2AB T2?3I?ET2S.
X T. K. HESVEY.
"Wake, soldier, wake! thy war-horse waits,
To bear thee to the battle back ;
Thou slumborest at a foeians gtes;
Tuy Jtjg would break thy bivouac ;
Thy plume ia trailing iu tue dust,
And thy red fulihiou gi:hs;riu rust I
Sleep, saldier, sleep! thy warfare o'er -Hot
hinc own bugie'o loudest strnin
Sha-i e"cr Lre ik tnjr slumbers more,
With aUiiiaions to the battle plain ;
A truinpet-uota more loud and deep,
HixStO J.6M thee from that leaden sleep I
Thou neei'st rtot helm nor cuirass now,
Beyond the Grecian hero's boast,
Tavu wilt noc q-iait tby naked brow,
iior s'-rlnk before a myriad host;
Foi aeaa and heel alike are s.und,
A thjdiani arrows cannot wound.
Thy tnDt'uer is not ia thy dreams,
W'i.u tuai wild, widowed look sha wore,
Th - J-y ho- ;o-ig to her it seem!
cue Kissed th:e at the co'-tage door,
And rickeued at Jio souuu of joy,
Tjat aa hse ou;y boy I "
Sieep, soldier, sleep ! let thy mother wait,
'L j J.oa- thy bugle on the blast ;
Tj d.g, p.'y-a:- -, aaj end thy gate,
Au i tu-.t .jcr horni. to the.s a; Lat :
lie va-uot tell a 3a-d,-i- tale
Thn ii ' t- o a, ion o tuc g
Yucii.".ot ir -way ahe heard
Itj inerln echoes Tat!,
Tin: QITILDILi'ii AYPii-TICE.
There lived in Lancaster, England, someyears .
eg j, a tbrifiy guilder, ,'.ho nad au apprentice (
under guardianship a br'ghl lad, who had i
i.-oived a ve.y x'air educati j.i bifora he coin- ,
iar-eJ to ieuru his trade, and who iiad been
very sucijsst'u'. 13 a macha-iic lie waJ quite a J
h:..' 3?ie youtU. too, aai, alter nve ear ser
vice!.? cttiinci :ne age ol years, and become
ia.ij a ru-Ti in uiraiy respects
E'-rl- T i5;n tor th-c was the apprentice's
n 1.11- uaJ
iJ I'oiine-I an acquaintance witu tne
a review msivavak itu-ux iu
1 . . I . .1 .. .
0 -.i , t.
tier..-. f, ? cct-oueJ.
Su: 27'i. th" Either of A la, was a ram of ,
Cir.i;l.-.u.u .-auii; 'vl though he had come
v. i-: i present positi.cn, from the original .
j.:vfc-irn oi'cl.r i ,r. s-iVd h ibcr d isber se3- j
i-v '''' -I-l . a..!., .J nad Li-i i-vtions of his ;
. 4 ..sequence and importance ia society. ,
.Ir. Eiyn tj rivb, ad feit that he had a right '
to disjlay LIj iristocrutic notions in n.sowu
iVjiT. Atid th merchau; did not, tuercforc, fa
7;.- ti.T itJvaiie.:3 ot U.-i SUiUDie nppreuiice,
'i ... ,.-aJ
V J.3 I'm. "it a
Kl wva saw that his child's hope
n th haudsuUid wUth, who had
bj iivi-x-'y're jd h i tu.ijo:i:y and he begun
t e x. wiv ns vc t i'aturc. lie called kis
and said :
.1 Ada, I an not uaiuiaJlal of the preier
cnie you hve indu'ge I for young W ilson., the
-apreutics of Ljckwood. hxt hve you done
iiow arc you coa.iu.iicd to him?"
lie Ii;s mo, lowlier, rtfopon-ied tae sweet
gu I with j o-r bitsiiag, he will make me
i:'.3 wife, he says."
'fct.o'., tiien, Ada, where ere yen."
'ilo-.v, father V
a ic&r mechanic.
I know it."
'Yon :ir? E2j only child."
'1 am rich."
'Tbe vorid s-iys so, falher but "
"i.1 hear Ada. This young man
i i uity p"U:wj in the world. Would you
.o, Itiiher, I would wed Edwin 'Wilson," rc
"So. wy u-iughter, he is far beneath your po-
sit... i cverv 'v:iv ? and lean consent to
such i . . .
Li.:, lu u.oj.."
1 am decided you must think of
Thio was crushing intelligence to the tender
fcra.d Ad.'.. vlt tot suspected such an
. . 1. 1 A . t
answer, wnen sue resoivca to uppeai io utr mm
.r on thia subjt.ci.. E
Jut, though Mr. Elwyn was
ion, he htl but the one ob-
er's suitor. He could find
o.-bj-l io . u?u a unio
lvi ..... i,. his dauhtei
i.. upon his character, he could raise no op-
hi- claims, save that the youtu was
Still he was inexorable.
liu.-.n tlius contrive'! to muw nis
.ia t-c oee' cst me::iai mstress, he went over to
his ft lv3ltbt pilder, and commenced to chide
Llm for .viciittiu the youth to have forced
in.-:;e?f thus upoU;he alleotions of his child.
He hcj nothing to support her with," he
He hz.3 an excellent trade, sir," said his mas
I cire nothing for that," replied tbe irrita
He is an accomplished workman."
lie is nobody, bir ! lie has neither friends
jnor lazily connexions, or the more important
,f considerations in these matters, money. I
iivc b- 1-ncy fr a mechanic, and eball rmt snb
Ci'.t that my only daughter ehall suffer by such
fill u't'i1 alliance."
Edwin will be 21 at Christmas time, sir. I
think Lc would make your daughter a good hus
bao 1, .id vould tare well for her."
1 don't iKMSre it! He shan't marry her
Le chaa't at lea&t till ho is able to take such
ore ol ncr i.s her father Las hitherto." And
vi th's answer, Mr. Elwood departed.
As t.wtnt hastily out of the gilder's shop he
li i cr observe tho movements of an old gentle
iu!.a who had accidentally overheard his remarks
, and who advanced as the man ol wealth and high
'0f wUora did he jeak J" Inquired the gea:
tleman of Edwin's employer.
It is a tnfliug matter, sir," said the master.
"Unfortunately, an apprentice of mine a very
wonby young man, now a master of his busi
ness, by the way, has conceived a passion for
tbis geutlemau's daughter; and as the father is
nch, be has iuterposed his authority, and refu
ses to permit the youth'tf advances, on the score
of his poverty, liut here he is he will enlight
en you, perhaps," continued the gilder, as Ed
win made his appearance from above stairs.'
The old gentleman apologized, kiudly, for
this apparent interference, and commenced at
once to interrogate the apprentice.
'How long have you worked at your trade,
E l win ?" he inquired.
Five yeurs, sir."
'And your age is " ' '
Tweiity-oue at Christmas, sir."
You hare formed an attachment for a young
lady above your rank in society."
I'es sir ae the world iews it."
AnJ her father positively objects to your
Does he, sir."
This is certainly not new to you ?"
I feared such a decision ; but lie has not as
yet declared himself to me."
. The rest was soon explained to E Jwin, and
the gentleman, who was a connoisseur in art,
then turueU to au elaborate and exquisitely fin-'
isued mir-ur-lrame, of au expensive character,
which was aisplaycl iu the show-case of his
employer, and continued:
' Ahose h udiwork is this?'
Edwin hudhed, aud answered that he had
aided iu huisaiug it.
Tue des.gu, tae completion of that piece of
work,' cuiined iu his employer, "belongs to Ed
win himself, lie did it all.
it is ocautifuland chaste," added the stran
ger, sloWijr ; 'bat it is too small."
For wnat purpose, -sir ?"
For my purpose You can make me one I
m:au two, EUwin can you not, twice the size
of these I"
Yes, sir," said the apprentice, flattered with
such an order. , .
How long a time will be requisite to com
plete iheiu iu ?"
"Twice the size of these, you "said ?"
Yes. 'Let them be of your best workmanship,
and spare no pains to render them elegant. I
desire to present tneui, for. drawing room mir
r jrj, to a young friend of miue." -
'They vau beiuriiiahod iu two months."
Take plenty of time,, Edwiu ; just say three
"Tnat will.be aaipTy sufficient tir."
"It is well. Tnat will be .November. I will
leave all to your taste."
"Thuuk you," said Edwin, politely. '
"Dear in mind that price is uouusideration
with me iu this matter, i give you a carte Llane-te.
j lu three mouths 1 will call lor them."
i -iu tne meantime," contiuued the stranger,
Ill Lilt UJUdULlUlC. LUIltlUUCU LUC DLI UUUt . .
. . - .... . . , . f. ' !
turuiiii to tue ui.sier oi tue esuiuiisumeut. -as i
t v u uv mw.i&&uiwv uvi v ti 111 J wc y i
upon Fabvr, my b.iuker, who will satisfy you of
my respouaibility." And with ttiis he bade mas-
ter auU aonrcntice "ffood day," and departed.
. t . . r r n i v i nor j i in it . mi l
Toe c.irti bore the name of James Worthen,
ony, but suosjqueut inquiry convinced the gild- m iuy otlier people, were always a little in au
er t.3iit thf. nnier waa a. sututrintinl one. and tbe vauce of his income. Once a week he came.
wfk was commenced forthwith by the appreu-
tice, to whose charge he committed it eutirely.
The father of Ada was obdurate. Edwin was i
forbidden to visit the premises, or to come in
contact with his daughUr; aud with a melan-
C Lolv vpirit he commenced his work, which was '
to oe completed iu November. In. December, )
following, li-i wouid be twenty-one, and despite i
his diaappoiutmeut, he resolved to finish bis term !
of apprenticeship honorably, ' and to hope for
better fortune iu tbe future.
The mirrors were completed, and a master
piece of work they proved, when finished. In
tuis peculiar line of workmanship, Edwin was
not equalled in all Loudon ! The designs of
these mirrors were magnificent, tbey were fin
ished without a Haw, and the best judges pro
nounced thsin inapproachable. The three mom ha
expired to a day, aud the strange old gentleman
appeared, promptly, torder tueni away.
lie. was delignteu with them tbey surpassed
his expectations. The bill was a heavy cuarge,
but he paid it instantly, and the mirrors were
sent to a hue house iu Bond street. The fame
of the manufacturer was fixed. Edwiu was
happy that he had been so successful and then
he thought once more of Ada. lie would be
free"' iu another short mouth. Eut then he
was poor her father would not relent and he
was deeply distressed again at this prospect.
Late in November, Mr. Elwyu received a note
, Wortneu, requesting mm to wait upon mm
j at No. 10 Bond bireet, on important busiuess;
I aud the wealthy gentleman ordered his carriage
i t.iiiiior ui-.iiOiit.r v lli wu 4 nlinwii into a (rnr.
geously decorated drawing room at once, on
reaching the house, when an elderly man met
him civilly, and invited him to be seated,
am "-PP? to n,eet ?wU ilr' n 8aiJ
his new acquaintance
The same to you.
You are acquainted with a young man na
med Wilson, 1 taink ?"
No, sir," said the aristocrat.
'o?" queried the other, Edwin Wilson, I
mean, the gilders appi entice."
No, -air, that is to say, 1 have no particular
acquaintance with him. I do not associate with
l um aware of that Mr. Elwyn ; but you re
member the name I presume."
Yes, I have heard of this boy."
He sought your daughter's hand."
'So I am informed."
Then his impudence only equals his low
breeding and his poverty, sir."
lie is not low bred,' Mr. Elwyn; I think he
is not impudent ; aud 1 know he is not so poor
as you imagine."
What! lie is a mechanic! He hasn't a guin
ea, and be seeks my daughter's fortune. 1 am
worth ten thousaud pounds, sir."
So is he, Mr. Elwyn ',.,
What!" exclaimed the lordly amstocrat,
with a hearty laugh, at this retort. -Upon my
word, Mr. Worthen, you appear to know the boy
better than 1 doj" ,
"1 am not jesting, Mr. Elwyn," continued
the old gentleman, seriously. am a widower,
without children. 1 have satisfied myself that
young Wilson is worthy of even your daughter s
band. You are worth tea thousand pounds. I
am worth forty thousand. This bouse belongs
to Edwiu Wilson. 1 furnished it as you now
find it, as a marriage present for him ; and with
it 1 also give him a fortune equal to your own.
lie will attain his majority in the course of a
month. Are you content that he becomes your
eon-iu-law, under these circumstances !"
This is a ver different case, you perceive,
Mr. Worden Worthen, I mean" replied the
aristocrat deeply embarrassed. 4,I will consider
the proposal, and if"
'If you do not consent, a union will undoubt
edly occur between your daughter and this
spurned inecnauic. Here is the deed for thia
mansion I am in earnest."
Tne father of Ada was perplexed ; but in a
few minutes he arose, and said :
I accept your proposal, Bir."
'It is wed. 1 am glad you are so inclined.
Wait a moment."
The bell-pull was sprung, and an attendant
Sbow the gentleman hither from the east
parlor," said Mr. Worthen.
My young friend ie here already," continu
ed the old man, and the nest moment Edwin en
tered the drawing room.
EJwin," be said, I present you to the father
of your future wife, Mr. Elwyu. You have met
before no apologies no affectation no scenes-
al explained. This is your house; you
are as ricu as nets; nake Hands, and be friends."
Matters were quickly explained to the satis
I faction of all parties, and the eccentric old gen-
tleman poiuted to the great mirrors at either
1 end of too tine saloon, and added :
There they are my boy! Splendid work that!
Couidu t be finer if you'd made tbem for your
self. 1 like to see folks happy. They're yours
now all yours and Ada's. Her father agrees
to the match, its all fixed except tbe day and
the hour aud such a time as we'll have. Come,
a glass of Durguudy with you."
The wine was qu.-ttfed, and a long life and
happiness was proposed for tbe lovers.
The first day of January saw Edwin and Ada
united in ninrriage. Their ancient friend was a
coustant visitor at their fine dwelling, and young
Wilson was placed iu a position to live easy and
creditably, without further toil, through the
munificence of his eccentric and strangely found
benefactor, who conceived so sudden and extra
ordinary a fancy for him.
The two mirbors still decorate his magnifi
cent drawing room, his family associates ure
honorable and happy, his wife has proved a very
jewel to him and he dwells at his ease; but ne
ver forgets, even amid his prosperity and luxu
ry, that he was once but a gilder" a apprentice.
- T m m
BY T. 8. AHTUCR.
It generally happens that those who try to
- - " '
rpi.to ti. r. . n.imAn,l
i nK.atai.Aiik' uu uiunrv as oil v a
- cy tr y -
neighbrs, whose means of accumulation were
greater than his own, and ougbt to have been
satisfied and thankful. But unfortunately, the
ues.rt-s oi firmer duiuuiius, ii&e mose oi greti
m . k - . l 1 t
reguiany to :ne I'liuaueipma maruet, auisuiuce i
of fifteen miles, with his produce; and he never
weni uome eni reiy Kunnea wa me amount
rcceive-J lor Lis pou.try, eggs, butter, iruit or ,
vegetables, unless prices were at tbe highest I
mark on the scale. The wry face of a custom- !
cr who paid him thirty eight cents for a pound ,
of butter, or twenty-five cents for a dozen of eggs, !
was a pleasant rather tnan a maagreeabie object
to his eyes, for so he won, he cared not a far
thing who lost.
One day, Mr. G 1 well known citizen,
who had frequently bought from Ednionij, stop
ped t the stall where the farmer -exhibited
his various articles for sale.' and biking hold
of a pair of hue-looking chickens, asked the
'Seventy-five,' replied the farmer.
The chickens were large, and Mr. G did
not think the price high.
'Are they youag and tender? he inquired.
'Is it possible,' said Edmonds, smiling in a
peculiar way, -that an old marketer like you
can't tell a pair of young chickens ?'
Now, Hr. G could buy poultry with almost
any one. It was not often that a tough old roos
ter or gobbler was passe ! upon him; but on the
present occasion, the words of the farmer com
pletely disarmed him. Of course, the chickens
must be so tender that the snin would almost
break from looking at them, and he felt a little
piqued that he had not been able to perceive
this instantly ; so lifting them from the hooks
aud placing them in his basket, he said 'I guess
I'll tako them."
Seventy-five cents were handed over and pock -
ii -. i . . . :
eted by the farmer without any compunctions,
notwithstanding the pair of bipeds sold to Mr.
G might have belonged to Noah's menagerie
for all the teeth of those wbo happened to be
called to eat them would be able to tell to the
As G walked home, he recalled the partic
ular expression and tone of the farmer, and a
suspicioii that all was not right, flitted through
bis mind ; but he had dealt with Edmons for
years, and though be had always found him close
aud well up to the market in prices, he had nev
er detected him in seeking to gain au advantage
over a customer. He wisued, however, that he
had used his own judgement in making the pur
chase, instead of buying on so equivocal a re
commendation as that of the farmer.
If these chickeus should be tough,' he mat
tered to himself, in a threatening way, as be
walked along, 'he's had the last dollar of my
Dinner time came, and Mr. G went home
from his place of business. As he sat down to
the table, a large, plump pair of chickens were
before him, beautifully browned, and their savo
ry odor penetrated the olfactory sense, with a
grateful promise of good things for the palate.
The incident of the morning had left its promi
nent place in the memory, and no suspicion of
touguness was in tbe mind of Mr. G as he
drew, with an active band tbe great carving
knie athwart the sharpening 6tecL
- A fine, large pair of chickens,' said Mrs.
G What did they cost!' -
That was not dear.
No; I thought it very easonahle.,
lf they are only tender. Uaunah 8id she :
lidu't think they were very young.
We'll soon know all about that, remarked
Mr. G i , a recollection of what had occurred
kX the time of their purchase crossing his mind
at the-moment. Driving his fork into the breast
bone of one of them, he held it firm while he cut
rouaa a wing and endeavored to sever that ap-
penaage irom tue bouy ; but the wing whs too
nnvdfbidin its place by sundry ugainenU well
developed by long use, to permit an easy aucom
plisliuent of - this task. Mr. U . however,
had a, strong hand aud good resolution, and
againtt these, aided by a sharp kuife, even the
wing it a seven year old rooster could not long
mainfiin a defensive. The member at length
camebff, but in doing so, was driven over the
side cf the dish upon the table cloth. 1
MG looked at the edge of hisknifofor
My knife must be very dull,' said he, 'or
else tfis chicken is as old as Methuselah.'
A v'gorous application of the blade to the steel
followed, and theu the other wing was taken in
hand.) it came off about as easy as the first.
The lejs were dislocated aad detached more
quickly and, in due time, the fowl, separated
I iuto Jprtious according to the most approved
rules parvmg, lay spread lorta upon the dish ;
but tiis task had not been accomplished by Mr.
G without consiaera.de muscdar exertion,
wLi-liwas apparent from the bead of persp ra
tion joilected on bis forehead and about his
Will, that beats all !' he exclaimed, as he
laid owa his knife aud fork and applied his
whit handkerchief to his face. The teeth that
go though that will need filing.'
Tyr tne other, said Mrs. G ; 'perhaps it
is mere tender.'
If it isn't, we shall be bad off for a dinner.'
retulied Mr. Q , as he resumed his carver.
and rent to work on tbe second bird. After
tteveang one of the wings, be gave up in despair ;
it was even tougher than the first.
'liiw iu tbe world did you come to buy such
a pair of fowls V said Mrs. G . You cer
tainly never could have tried them.'
lil bai, I certainly never would nave bought
them. Edmonds has cheated me for once iu his
life, but he'll never do it again-'
lid he sell you that pair of chickens as young '
and fender V
lie did, to all intents and purposes.'
1 didn't believe that of him.'
Nor did L He's always up to the market,
and deals close, but his thiegs have been good.
Well, he'll make nothing by this operation ; no
man ever cheats me twice, lie's had the last
dollar of my money.'
. , . . . . . . ... . . . . .
1 uou I nuow wua to win a - wir. nn i r nr.
Raid Mrs. G , 'if you stop buying from
There is just as good butter in market as his,
replied Mr. G . as he commenced helping to
portions of the tough chicken he had succeeded
in carving by main strength.
rerhaps there is, but we never succeeded in
getting it so uniformly good as that of Ed
mouils.' You may send for it, if you choose, but I will
never spend another dollar with the barefaced,
cheating rascal,' said Mr. G , in an indignant
Tae attempt to masticate the chicken proved
altogether unsuccessful, and was soon aba-idon-ed.
Tne children ate the dressing, while Mr.
and1 Mrs. G ovlvj the vegetables that
were on tbe table serve for their first course,
and supplied alii deficiencies when the desert
To have been so completely taken in, annoy
ed Mr. G terribly, aud he c-ju'd not so much
as saiile at the adroitness with wnich the thing
was done. Edmonds came to market every Sat
urday, and G had usually bought from him
as much butter as would last for the week. On
tiirt t'tiiirnJav evening suiiceediuz the affair of
! the chickens, Mrs. G remarked, with some
' surprise in her voice, that the small piece of
butter on the table was all that remained of
tbe six pounds bought on tho last market
nd to-morrow's only Friday," said Mr. G .
It used to last us up to Saturday, until with
in the last two months, but now it always gives
Our family is no larger.
No ; nor do we use any more of it in cooking
Mr. (j thought for a moment, and then
said, with some animation '1 think I under
stand it. Have you noticed any difference in
tho size of the prints ?'
On reflection, Mrs. G thought she had
noticed them as appearing smaller.
That's it, you may depend on't ; the butter
isn't weight. A man wbw will cheat in one way
will cheat iu another.
- J w"uWu 1 dare 10 do tnat'
I 4 V n v i
The risk is too great.'
A rogue will risk a good deal.
His butter would be taken from him by tbe
clerk of the market.'
It's my impression that E Imonds hasn't much
butter in hi9 tub by tbe time tbe clerk gets along
to the place where he stands. There's the temp
tation. Eut we'll give him a trial. Send for
our usual quantity on Saturday I won't go
near him aud we'll have it weighed.'
This was done, and, sure enough, a loss in
weight was discovered. . Out of the six pounds
four were light.
I've got my man now ! exclaimed G , not
attempting to conceal the pleasure he felt.
Next Saturday he will probably become more
familiarly acquainted wita the clerk than he has
It was too true, as G had discovered. In
bis anxiety to render his dairy operations profit
able, the farmer had been tempted to eucroach
upon the legal weight of butter due his custom
ers.. He bad b. en coming to market so long, aqd
bis butter had been so often examined by the
clerk, that inspection of his tub bad ceased to be
rigid. Moreover, his customers were early, and
it frequently happened that but few prints re
mained when tbe clerk came along on his way.
If from some forty or fifty pounds he could pinch
off enough to make five or six prints, it would
be a haudsome gain every week. He looked at
it on every side ; calculated the risk and the
benefit, and finally resolved to make the begm-
Ioing. Twelve prints out of forty were tried:
from these he gained two extra, which sold for
fifty cents. Emboldened by this result, he next
week tried twenty pounds, and made one dollar
by the operation. When the clerk came round,
the light butter was usually all gone, or if any
remained, it was so managed that none of it found
its way into his scale.
After selling the tough chickens to Mr. G -
the farmer felt a little uncomfortable, for G
was au old and good customer, and he didn't
wish to lose him. Of eourse, when the fowl ! not pare, but it w.u b u tbt Mtverid orP
cauie upon the table, G .would discover that ' tured truths are recited, and that the Old Testa-
he bad been taken in. and would iu all proba
bility be highly indignant. That he was not far
out of tbe way in his conjecture, he was satisfied
on the next market day, when be saw G go
by his stand without once looking towards
In the week succeeding, the farmer's evil ge
nius tempted him still further from the right
path. The whole of his butter, with the excep
tion of some ten lumps, which were to serve ms a
screen when the clerk came along, was mou'd-d
into prints that weighed considerably less than
a pound. W ith this, among other products of
his farm, Edmonds went to market, flattering
himself that he would be a cle r gainer by the
operation, of from two to three dollars.
But human calculations are sometimes vain.
Scarcely had farmer Edmonds disposed of a do
zen pounds of bis fine fresh butter,
when the 1
market clerk stopped before him with his hand
some brass scales in his hand, and said" I
.guess I must go a little deeper iuto your tub
tbis morning than usual, friend Edmonds.
There's nothing, you know, like keeping you
There was an instant change in the express
ion of the farmer's face, which the clerk did not
fail to observe. Setting down his basket, with
the air of one who expected to put something
into it, the clerk laid aside the lumps that form
ed the upper stratum of butter, and took a print
from beneath, l'.acing it in his scales in eppo- ! utla possessed tnese characteristics at iu ou.
sitiou to a pounl weight, it instantly rose to- : et. or acquire them in iu course, we can oaly
wards the receding bem- - ! conjecture : but as we have before remarked,
That's bad ! said he. removing tho lump of wo re disposed to think that the cicst itapor
butter to his basket, tnd placing another in tho j fnre " accessions of a latr date,
scale, which proved as light as its predecessor, j The Times then refers to the reported, inter
and was soon laid by its side. Aud lump after ; jeutioa of Uie Er.Ush aad AxavKcaa cvl
lump followed, to the grief and chagrin of the . forces.
exposed farmer, until between thirty and forty ! Questionable as was our late quarrel with Chi-'
had passed from his tub to the basket of the . aa, our friends is not less so. liut, if what U
During tbe progress Of this scene, a lit- ,
tie crowd was attracted, all of whom, from the '
merry news boy. to the staid Guardian of the
Poor, who made a careful examination of the '
tub to see how much tha inmate of the Alms- :
house were to gain by the operation, enjoyed ;
tbe countryman's mortification. He. poor fel-
; low, hid his diminished head as quickly as it
could be done after the departure of the clerk..
and went hacfe to hi a home a little wiser, if not
You met with rather a bad accident last week,'
said G to the farmer. He could not resist
the inclination he felt to see him once more.
Why, ye yes,' stammered Edmonds, color
ing to the eyes. 'Bat it wasn't my butter ; it
was some I brought for a neighbor.'
Indeed wa it? Then 1 suppose the butter
I've had from you for the last two months was
from the d liry of that same neighbor V
Edmonds was so confused at this unexpected
question, that he was unable to reply.
And the tough chickens V added G . They
were your neighbor's also. I presume ?'
The farmer turned his back suddenly on
his customer, and the latter, feeling that he
had punished bid sufficiently, went on his.
Batter that proves light of weight always be
longs to a neighbor.
History of the Steamship Savannah The First
Ocean Steamship of the World.
About the year 1818, Capt. Moses Xlogers then
of the city of Savannah, suggested to Messrs.
Dunning. Scarborough, O. Sturges, B. Bur
roughs, J P. Henry, liarna McHinne, and others,
of tuis city, the idea of constructing an ocean
steamer, for plying between this port and some
other in Europe. These gentlemen resolved to
try the experiment. They -purchased in tbe city
of New York, a beautiful ship, well adapted, as
they supposed, to tbe purpose. Allowing the
rigging and other appurteuances for sailing, to
remain, they supplied her with steam m-tchinery
aad paddle wheels. Her paddles were construct
ed so as to be capable of folding np like a fan
being laid on deck, her maiu shaft having a
joiut also for that purpose. The wheel-house
was made of strong canvas, extended on an iron
Her first trip across the ocean was made in
twenty-two days between Savannah and Liver
pool, in the year 1819. When first descried
from the British coast, she was reoorted as a
ship on fire at the mast, and moving without
sail. From Liverpool she went up the Baltic,
and while lyinir in the port of Cronstadt. was
saved from wreck, during a terrible 6torm, in
which many vessels were lost, only by the assist
ance reudered by her paddles. During her stay
at St. Petersburg, Alexander, Emperor of the
Iron Nortl , pleased with the novel idea of . a
steamship, presented Captain Rogers with two
iron chairs, one of which (the only relic left of
tho adventurous bark) is now in the garden of
Mr. Dunning, of this city, and we bope will long
be preserved as an honorable memento of one
of the most important enterprise of modern
On the return of the Savannah from her
European trip, she was sent to Washington City,
where she was sold and her steam machinery
removed. For years afterwards she plied as a
packet between this city and New Yonc, under
the command of Capt Aldrich ; and was finally
w.-ecked, and went to pieces on the back of Long
Island. Savannah Courier.
The New York Courier of Friday says :
'Fitzgerald will be hung at the Toombs t -dy,
for shooting his wife. Neary, sentenced to the
same fate, for a similar offence, is respited one
week, in order that the Sheriff's jury may de
termine whether he has lost his reason. If tbe
latter execution takes place, it will make seven
in tbis city within the last year! In ail England
and Wales, the whole number of executions dur
ing the year 185, as appears by a Parliamen
tary report, was only mik ! Tne population of
this city is six hundred thousand ; the population
of England and Wales is eighteen ' millions ! In
other words, New York, with a population of
only onc-ihirtieth aa large as England and Wales,
hangs seven-ninths as many in the same apace
of time 1"
Progress of the Chinese Rebellion Tho Belig
ous Element Involved in it.
Tbe London Times, referring to the recent pre
clamation of the rebel chief in China, and tha
religious elemeut which ituiscloscs as operating
in the present rebellion, says :
The Christianity of the document is crrtairuy
wtnt is appealed to by name. As far, however,
as its mere language or profesbions are concerned,
there ere, of course, many disciples of tho Chris
tian missions in China, competent to give as
goo 1 or better accounts of their belief. The im
portance of the document consists in its being
issued, as if with authority, from the head-qaar
ters of tbe rebels, and in the introduction of such
a subject into the communications of an insur
gent chief with the people of tho country. W
learn, too, from independent sources, that cer
tain religious views have undoubtedly Lcea.
manifested in tbe proceedings of the insurgents.
They have displayed considerable teal in the
purification of temples, and have been partic
ularly earnest in destroying images a rtsolu
tion which is hardly traceable to any political -principle,
inasmuch as the idol-worbhip of tho
Chinese is not connected with the reigning dy-
; nasty, but prevailed lung before the Tartar in
; vasion. Whether these measures import iucrly
' a reformation of the national religion, cr whether
they really bespeak a design of substituting a
' purer faith for tbe creed of the Chluc-d, we can
1 not say. All we eeo is, that a successful pro-
tender to tho imperial throne of China, has actu
ally addressed an appeal to the Chinese, in the
mime of true teligion, and has called upon them.
in a proclamation reciting certain leading truths
( of Christianity, to "reject corrupt epirits and
worship the True Spirits." How far the revol
repneu uo true, me so caueu rcuu.a t
men or more enlightened pontics, anu wita even
an inkling of revealed truth, we certainly seem
to acting a very sucidal part in taking arms
ag&iost a people whose crime is that they ara
QinS the very thing we have wibhedtosee tneee
many years creating np tne o.a empire oiuni
ni. lue most probable explanation oi tae ai
fair Is. that each of the three ccnimanders ha
interfered to prevent ilia others from Joing so
before him. and so carrying off the benefits of
the measure. It is very conceivable that the
French or the Americaus might not be so liberal
as we were in dividing with the whole world tbe
concessions we extorted by arms after the opi
um quarrel. The French have frequently be
trayed a hankering after another India cf their
own in the East, since the were deprived cf tha
first, and they are not so apt as wer are to wago
war a for the good of mankind. The Americans
also are far more ready to annex than to open,
and it is rather a suspicious ciacumstance that
just now, when their very e'ever niUaicna-rJoa
have given them more intelligence of tbe nature
and progress of the rebellion than our rcprooen
tatives and merchants were ever likely to' do
they have in those waters the largest arsamett'
ever seen in the East, under their flag. WbaB
if the army, apparently intended for the cha-
tisement of Japan and the opening of Jedio,
should realty have another and a safer destina
tion, viz : to hold the balance cf Chinese rvarties.
end to 6' ip La at the right moment and grasp
' the prize ? Tht such ideas might ptxsHit
themselves to individuals of these two cations is
l likely enough nay. it is conceivable that LhetV
! projects may bnve dzzlod the eyes cf son-
statesman at either Paris or W&sLdcgton. StiU
more likely is it that the suspicion ' cf such do
j signs nay have quickened the movements of our
j own naval representative. For our own, part,
: however, we cannot see much danger of either
France or America ever gaining a peculiar as
! cendency in Chinese politics, or ultimately doic;
there what we hare done ia India. The posses
i sioa of an India wocld break up the Federal
Union as surely and as immediately as the con
! quest of Europe destroyed the eld constitution
! of Home. On the other hand, France has proved
; abundantly that her genius is not a'tapced for
foreign dominion, one is too imperious, too
ostentatious, too exacting, and too bigoted t
govern barbarians at the distance of the world
a procesf which, above 'all others, requires the
gentlest possioie loucn on me reigns ol power.
Strange to say, the genius of England, reputed
i rud an 8a blunt, is the only one that lias
' tho delicacy, the subtlety, and the tact for thie
Christopher in School.
Chris. Geography Class, stad ?jp 1
the capital of Pennsylvania ?
1st Boy. Philadelphia.
2d Boy. Ill Pigler.
Chris. That aright: go no to the
what's the capital of New Jersey?
od uoy. Cooper s Creek.
I know, sir !
Well, why don't you te3 it 1 and not
Stand scratching your head.
3d Boy. Tbe Camden and Amboj IUilroai
Chris. That's right. iw yon taay have a
Turnips grow so large in Oregon that they
use them as targets for artillery practice, wuiio
radishes come forth with such magnificent pro
portions that one has been painted and varnish
ed, and is now used as a liberty pole in front cf
tbe Atlantic and Pacific Metropolitan Hotel
We gather the above froia a letter received by
the last steamer.
Njsver sax Die Five years ago Santa Anna
was booted ou of Vera Cruz with his own wood
en leg. He is now President cf-Mexico. A
month after Mulloney attempted suicide ; ho
was running for Congress. We care not how
dark your prospects way be, keep on living and
the time will come when you will get ahead of
the. Arsenic was made for rats and cowards.
If you have pluck, therefore face the music,"
and abide your time.