Newspaper Page Text
J. M. WALLACE.'
THE OLD TURNPIKE.
heaino ntorathe changing hoof,
And the stage coach rattling by,
For the steam king rules the travtil worldi
And the old pike's left to die.
Th • gmse creeps o'er the flinty path,
And the,ptealthy dotes steal
Whore once the stage borao, - day by day,
Lifted hie Iron heel,
No moro,the wenry ;anger dreads
The toll of the coming morn;
No FllOl . O the bugling landlord runs
At the nutool.lf the echoing horn ;
drat Ilea still open. the AM,
Alld the bright eyed ehlidren,play
Where once the clattering hotif and wheel
Rattled clung the
No more we hear tho crocheting whip
And the strong wheels rumlillng sound ;
And all I the water drlies us on,
And an lion limo is found I
Thu stage coach rusting in the yard,
The horses hare`, sought the plough ;
We hove spiloned 'the world with an iron rail,
--And tho steam king rubs 113 now.
'The old turnpilto Ix tt,plke uo more ;
Wide open gentle the gate ;
Wo hero mode ua n rood for oar horse to stride,
And WO ride at a.tlylng rate.
We Lavin tilled the valleys and levelled thd hills,
'And tunnelled the ounintalieti side,
And rouild the : rough crap dizzy verge '
Fearlessly now we ride.
'Oll--on—on--with a haughty fruut,-
A puff, a shriek, and a bentali,
While the tardy echoes wake twlato
yo echo back the sound.
- And the old pike. road is loft dhow,
,And the stagers seek the plbngh ;
We have circled the watts with an iron rail,
Add the stead, king rules no stow.
THE GOLD GAMBLERS.
As the, operations the gold and stock market
'during the last wook 11:0, attracted the attention of
the whole country, we copy from one of the New York
Minks the hillow ing interesting, aceount of the great
fight between the hulls and hears 00101 stmt.—[Di.
How the great bull ,clique,, who got
possession of ten to fifteen millions
of gold last summer, entangled the great
boar clique into the enormous " short"
transaction's ivhich culnfinated oil iiday
last; and how the great bear clique, in
the midst-of their dilemma, secured the
interference of the y SeCretary of the
United States Treasury, so that the in
il'iged price of tbiD . .-gold in the bulls' pos
session came tumbling down about their
heads, are problems, the explanation of
whicli in a concise and homely way will
clear the minds of men allover the coun-
The names of the men in the biill clique
are already - Pretty sell known. Th•
names of the men in the bear clique
(without, the existence of which clique
the hands of bulls could not have carried
on their scheme) are ventilated on Wall
street,' but have not got into the
newspapers. It is not suffi cient for the
puipciSes o£'tbis—explanapon to, under
stand that both cliques consisted - of some
••• • . _
of the rieheSt bankers, brokers, and Ei pee
illatorbs in the metropoliS.
The bears—having entered the market
first, the objebtof the bulls was to " cor
tin." them, and all other dealers in gold.
The first step of the bulls was, therefore,
to get possession and control of the'ana
jor•quantity of gold in the market. As
. total quantities of gold in
New._YorkL-in the Sub Treasury, in the
banks, and subject% to the drafts or iodi--
viduals—rarely exceeds $ 20,000;000, and
as a good deal of that amount belongs
td the government, or is held by parties
outside of the field of speculation,,any
ring which can obtain the control of say
from ten to' fifteen millions, is of course
enabled to.dictato the price of gold at the
Gold RooM and on the street
It required enormous capital to pur
abase this sum of gold, and a low pre
Valling price to make the purchase worth
..while. Both these conditions existed.
The bull clique had an enormous capital
to operate with, and the bear clique had
so Urea= down the gold market that the
bull rin - g, watching their chances, suc
ceeded in buying ten or twelve millions
at 135'and under.
Another condition, precedent to the
success of the bull purchase, and abso
lutely essential to the success of the bull
scheme after the purchase, was the se-
crecy of the purchase, and the blinding
of everybody to the fadt that this twolvo
millions of gold was being brought into
-the possession of this clique of bulls.
If readers will pay attention, they may
'perhaps ho made to understand how the
thing was done.
It must first bo remembered that the
bull clique Was formed of several firms,
and members of firrn, accustomed, and
known throughout the banking and spec
ifiatixe community to ho accustomed, to
largo transactions in gold and „securities.
Next, it mist be., remembei : ed 'that
purchases of gold at the gold board, of
government securities at the National
Stock Exchange, and of railway and
Other shares at the New -York Stock - Ex,
change, are very' rarely, in- fact almost
never, -made b' members of the great
banking and sp?culative.firms, or by per
.. Sens who are pubilclykuown to represent
them. It OftenFhapPons that a single
house hati noedi - on a certain day, of a
or two millions of gold or secu-
rities. if it should 'tend its _known b. e i
market - to-mako- that puyeas
• all holders of the gold or,securities
' manded would instantly become aware
of the firm's necessity, and lonld
. tably band together to raise 'the price.
' So the, groat firm having the million or
two millions to buy, adopts the cue
• tomary , niethod of self defence.. It sends
but; throughlts `confidential - clerks,
te4lohA to, a 'half .a dozen, or a dozen,
,diffe'rent - brokers to buy each a hundred
thousand, or two hundred ; and fifty t`li.l3l
- sand,ris the case May be. The brokers,•
with these orders in their pockets; pro
'''ceed to the Gold ;ffoorn , or the Stock Ex
change, and effect, one by ono, the pur
chases. 'Every broker (as in honor bound)
.keeps the secret of who he is buying for.
?Islo one broker knows that anotherbroker,
' , oh 6 .'May be standing by his side, holds
a, commission, similar to . his, from the
il.:.Rame principal for Nrilioni lie is negotiat
big. broker, present l. ,enaployed - by
other principals to sell tho .gold or secu
-', 'rities asked fori`knOws to whom ge is
'gelling: The,' brokers are •them the go
hetweens of - the great 'speculating -on
either Side ; and ,it is only by sharply
ivatehing the offers and bids that the gel
' linebiokets may possibly ascertain Or
,„ , *moped that an unusind demand is.being
;..niade for gold or the Securities in'their
trust—a suspicion that' inaucer them 4n..
stantly to raise the price.
AithiSmethod of procedure is habitual,.
~7'-Adopted by single ; firms in , he ragiari
• of .Wall aired; it,iyaa, equally practicable.
.). tho baud of , lirms 'and mornbere. of
• 'ilf*whb had poorotliforiued,thinuudvbi
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into.the great bull Clio*. Day after day
'and week,after week: the rich coalitiorrof
bull operatbrs proceeded—by changing
their brokers so as to blind' oven those
mole eyed being 4 to the, colossal job that
was being " put up "' against the beais
'and the whole speculating, and business
community=to gather in and lock up the
vast hoard of 'gold which they finally.
This was done so, quietly, so dexter
ously, and with so little effect upon the
gold market at large, that scarcely a
suspicion the truth was -whispered
until quite recently, except through the
columns of The World. And The World,
which sent forth louder and louder notes
of warning as the plot thickened, and
prophesied, before last Friday, the crash
to come, did not happen to have the
of the bears who were too helplessly
involved and cramped to " Stand from
Meanwhile this clique of bears kept on
at their big game.
The game of the bears was that of
selling gold "short."
Let readers again attend while we at
tempt to explain, for the comprehension.
of minds outside of Wall street, what the
process of selling short " was in those
.The bear clique—mdre than equal-in
wealth to the bull clique, of whose exis
tence they had not the slightest know
ledge—engaged in this Way : On a certain
clay gold was, say, firm at 135. The
bears, through their brokers, sold, res
pectively, a hundred thousand, or three
hundred thousand dolla - M, gold, to parties
wanting it, agreeing to deliver the gold
next day at noon for per cent be
low the price on the day of sale.
To` the inexperienced mind, this agree
ment of the bears to deliver' such an
arnount of gold at ono per cent below
its current market value must,- at first
Bought, seem inexpressibly foolish. But
how foolish must 4 it seem when it ki,con
sidered that,: at the time when the bears
entered into the agreement, not one of
them had any gold in his possession? That,
be it remembered, was the truth : the
bears who sold the gold, promising to
deliver it to the purchaser on the morrow,
had no gold to sell ; and, except that they
were-rich -men, able to-own the gold, and
competent to. get it in some way and de
liver it at the appointed time, they would
have no moire right to sell the gold than
any boot black, with only his day's earn
ings in his pocket, in the City Hall Park.
The sale was nia - db;rgold had to be de
livered ; the sellers (the bears) had 'no
They,had, first, to obtain the gold . t6
doliver,.and thus make good their bar
gain and their credit._
They had, second, to secure themselves
against a loss, of the one per cent difference
between the price.of gold on the day_of
agreement and the price they had agreed
to deliver it for. Or else they were, in
evitably, losers by the transaction.
The first thing the bears did, after
selling short in the way described, was
to borrow the gold wherewith to make
good theirileliveries. This borrowing pro
cess was effected through their brokers,
with brokers representing the plrtids
having the gold to loan. The thing that
the bears now hoped and expected was,
that the gold market, under the influence
of their short sales, would decline, so th'at
they could go and buy next day, or the
day following. that, an antount of gold
eqUivalent to that they had sold and bor
rowed fat l say, 1321 or 133, If they could
`do thls,.they could return their borroWed
gold to the lenders and retain a profit of
one-half or one per cont.
To the chagrin of the boar operators,.
their short sales failed to weaken the
gold, market. So they had to renew their
loans day after day, and trust to the
future. Weeks passed.; thy continued
their stunt sales, and continued borrow
ing, and still hie market, although vacil
lating and apparently weak, did not once
descend' below the rate which existed
when they first began their operations.
They were disappointed, but still utter
ly dazed and blind. . -
They failed, all.the while, to find out
the fact that the bull clique of operators,
with ten Or twelve millions of 'gold in
their Tossession, wore actually loaning
them, through ono set of brokers, the
gold that they harrowed, and buying
back again, through another sot of
brokers, the gold that they sold I
Title' bears at last became enraged.
They formed a poolpnWednesday of last
week to seliAl2,000,•000 of gold 'short.
They'- sold it short ; and without. their
knowledge the bAll clique. took nearly
every dollar of itij They, had to borrow
the gold, and the-'bull clique lent them, 4
nearly „every &Alan receiving it back
again, of course, on the day of delivery,
through their -brokers, who had boUght
Htill Clio market, thus entirely mlhe
hands of this tremekdous clique of bulls;
would not go down in favor of the boars.
04 the contrary, the immense short sales .
of Nednesdn,ydiselosed to the bulls more
fully than before how completely the
bears anctall clasl>es of speculators besides
outside ho bull, ring were in their (the
' They raised the price of gold
This iiras a terrible move. . Thedilera
ma of the bears was now a desperate one.
For we must omit to consider that the
bears, who had - kobton borrowing:over
and over . again :tlie gold neeessary to
make good: their contracts,' had, some
or another, to buy the gold to return
finally to, the lenders. Their hope and
endeavor had all along been to break the
market down,. buy•tho gold at a reduced
rate, and. thus make their profit. , But,
when the market rose .against them, im.
. congternation of those men,
Who had bythat..iime engaged in short
salmi amounting to millions pponmillions !
They Made onemere.vouture7zanother
short sale of iiremlllionsormore..: -Again
the bulls took it. But whoa' the bears
went to berro r w the 'gold to Make 00
last sale good, CM - bulls Stopped lending;
there ivas no gold. , s • • •• •
This vas on Friday.
,Dismaircd and frantic,. the bears then
rushed to' the Gold Ifoonflo 'buy gold,
and got out .of• the Whole -lisiness.
Their necessities wore ,toe, , Well . known..
'llp : went the price, higher, higiter; higher.
The tempest,,threatined td'', sweep, them
all into banktiptcy r y ';
Then it wis, thkt Bee start' , 80, trait:
eanui, the rescue pr,oxiiige
LOU fOur nitions.;. whemith,,:, \ to J
relieve their nef3ds. — _Thon it was - that
the fog and smoke descended - upon4all
street and its environs, whichstillmakes
that region appear chaotic. ,
The bulls: ran up Old too high—there
fore so many failures resulting from the
gold transactions. Many of the benight
ed boara who bid for" and agreedto take
. at the extreme rates on Friday,
found themselves unable to take it after'
all. - Ilat.the bull eliqueootwithstanding
their excessive avarice, are presumed to
have emerged bettor off than their victims.
__The_tightness Of the money_ market
which resulted from this crash in gold
was followed by, the panic in stoolte.
Men and firms wore compelled to reiffii6
money on railway shares, which, when
forced heavily upon the market, suffered:
The fictitious valuei of. them burst at
once, and the real-value of others fell
under suspicion, or were sacrificed from,
To nominal, depreciation et.railway
shares above is estimated .to be not less
than two hundred million '
' Tho stock panic, fir more than — the.
gold panic, affects business mon and the
rural banks throughout the count 7. • In
cities such as Buffalo and Cleveland, and
in the cities. throughout , the West,
merchant's andl*nks have lost heavily—
oven disastrously.' The banks here and
in Philadelphia are not, it is believed,
cramped as yetby the downfall of stocks
and the great firms dealing in them. It •
is the custom of New York banks to pro
tect themselves by the retention of heavy
margin loans on railway shares 7 -margins
which have 'constantly to be kept good,
as such shares decline. It is tliCkeeping
good these; margins which drains the
resources" of dealecs •, and - whenever a
house to which the loan is - granted fails •
to keep good its margin the bank has the
privilege of selling the collaterals forth
with for its own protection. The price
which the securities thus bring; together
with the margins already in -the bank's
possession, will generally make 'good, or
nearly - good, the risk which the bank has
Still, there is yet room for 'doubt as to
what may befall.
A tTBIT TO COMMODORE VADERISILT'S
- At the corner of Wall and William .is
the Bank of New York. -During this
present panic it has been the headquar
ters of the Spirit of Central. Fromits
comfortable offoes, upholstered as a Fifth
Avenue drawing4oom, the Corninodore
has worked hie \snip. From it he'; las
dispatched his boardeis. to . the assault of
of Junior. Jim Fiske. From it h has
sent words of encouragement thosp
who have been winged on hiA side, or in
his fight. .There he has held his council
of war, which, unlike all other councils
of war;has done something. From there;
his shots have been well aimed ; his allelic,
•well filled, have been sent amongst the
pirates who want to wreck the old ship
"Central," and make its commodore
walk the plank. The old tar has fought
bravely, as he has said, "to protect him
self." He has resolved as bravely, for if
rumor be not--as she mostly is elseiyhere,.
but always in Wall street—a lying jade,
he has nailed his flag to the mast and has
sworn not to go down while there is a
shot in the locker. "He ain't so sure,
either, that ho shan't mash that damned
pirate the Admiral."
To the corner of Wall and William
then, Qll yesterday at full noon; our re
porter's footsteps bent. Trinity, with
a burst of brazen music, told the hour of
twelve. In tolling it its tones were' as
dulcet and as cold as if indifferent whetli
'er it was a knell of death to the.broken,
of a chime of exultation to the conquer
or. Thi? pleasant September sun shone
as pleasantly for bull as for bear. Wall
street and Broad and their vicinage were
just at the moment-quiet. Yet in the
faces of theses surging crowds which
shot about in the financial heart, of the
republic like ' the animalcule of a
a. drop of wxtor ther i e„was a shade hero
and there of deeper 'anxiety than even
normal Wall streetlan prOducii. Thay
hurry along as flocks of seagulls on the
The corner of Wall and William is
reached. Passing in, the first official
met is a careworn man conning over fig
ures with a deoper energy than ever a
Thomist devoted to the arguments of an
opposing Scotist: There is no pause;
"one, five, fifteen, twenty-two, three,
four,, ;ix; eleven, nineteen: " "Tim,
eleven; forty-four, seventy-six, one,
• ""Is Commodore i.randOriiilin 2,"
"Five, four, six, elov—"
'ti" Is Commodore Vanderbilt et present
in the bank?"
Three, two, Commodore; five; six,
Cothmo—three, four—Commodore Van-,
derbilt, did you say? R, The question
was rather peevish.
A face, anxiousin calculation, looked,
up; but before an answer could be•given
it sank again to its task.
• " lees, COmmodore Vanderbilt. ' Ten 't
there - such •___
After another round•of calculation the
interrogated admitted to his persistent
interrogator that such a person as Com
inodore Vanderbilt did exist, and that ho
was not a ruyth, created to tease naughty
boys who' would play at' bulls and bears,
or to disappoint young maidens who pur
%tasp gorgeous. trousseaux: Before the
gracious informant could relapse into
arithmOtical unconsciousness ho was re
'vived by the quick quory, .f Where can
he be seen ? " •
. " Can't say; bettor inquire in the other
The othdr room was not fare distant,'
and behind its enshrining glass „and
ir9bdwork was a gorgeous individnid,
whose appearace suggested that ho-;teas
one -of `those younghaea " whew, help
se, frequendy wanted, while it equally
. forbabo„ the idea . , that he received- "a
hundred a year, and was expected to live
with' his parents." . •
," Can I see COmmodore Vanderbilt?"
4 " Well,. non , , - , I really can neg say,
Perhaps it would be well for you; take
a Seat and wait until the XishlMemes."
In a fevr minutes the " Kishhe caMe:
A word explained the errand
quelgoner, and a werpatisilcd
the, cashier. '
Go tight 'thrdiuglt • ilia, bapi;"
courtioutly • feplild. ",41.t tha of it
you sea a stairs up stairs ia the CPni. ,
modoro.. I don't think : ho coatitio you
much•infikiaati v oii - L-Tnate 'than 'you al
jiatdi have." . ' , '
Remembering a'previous statement of
the-jolly-old Commododore to.one of, Ths
Wor(oF seekers. ;liter knowledge—that , he
wasdamnodst 'follow for, knowing
nothing. that there ever was—these words
of the c4shiiii seemed prophetically true.,
Forcing a - 'way through the• horde. of
gamins,—who, if, :as Wordsworth poeti
cally foresaw, they are to be the fathers
of- Wall streak of the future, will make
that region hotter than it seethes at p_res*-
ent—tbe iron stairs of the " keep " wore
reached. Its gate was unbarred, and
neither 'mYrinidons of the law nor con
' servators otpedce stood iliercto guard
the way. 'No bounds—Well, Columo
dere Vanderbilt 'is Monarch or Central
as is Admiral Fiske• Prince of Brie, butit
may be do - übted if either of them could
rim up that stairs—two hounds brought
the interviewer to the Pretience.
.Chapenu lets chapeau Las,
Monel!.mr le Marquis de Cambris.
. • All hail, Thane of Cawdoi. The Com
modore is at his table. I A burly rustic by
his side is the picture or rude health. With
a neckerchief twisted around his throat,
and swinging hid muscular arms as if
conscious of thews like cords, his boid-:
terous -laugh and abrupt manner-con
trasted unfe;w:F . p ) bly with the poliShed
style and keen ;courtesy of the great
nay:Tend railroad hero. The conclusion,
of course, Was irresistible—the rustic, if
not the janitor, was the first deputy
sheriff met round the building: He scorn
ed, however, remarkably intimate with
the Commodore, considering the short
time whichhis apparent services of keeper
had been needed. But there are some
Wise laws, as well as modern instances,
which justify the belief that misery, which
gives us such strange bedfellows, makes
companions of us all. So the .Comino
ddre sat with his Man Friday. A bundle
of papers was before 'the former. He
had just raised his eyes from a statement
as the repel-ter entered - the - room.
"Commodore Vanderbilt, I believe."
"ine same sir;, what can I do for you
/ It was a keen eyed old min who spOke.
Ho spoke with lips and with eye. His.
words have lid'en'iepeatcd. Hisbye said,
"Who ale you, anyway? What the deuce
do you Want? .Get right through your
business and git. When you call on a
business man in business hours,• see that
you do your business and go about your
'nosiness." It said this and a few vol
umes more, accordi . ngly as it was inter
preted. It nißlist "No," if you took no
for an answer. Yet all the time it was a
diplomatic negation by glance which
meant "I have no objection, I'm sure;
can't say I'll tell you much, but you just
try." What a stOdf_these A3vo_faces
.were, the,' henchman — and his thane.
The latter past his sixties, bright, keen
and. adarrianthie, with a silent tongue in
silent face. Half an hour over a dinner
table would reveal every thought of his
companion to that eye. But to interview
the Commodore; and not study ,his face
or tireless - interesting one of his stolid
companion, was the business of the mo
" Well, Commodore, I have been sent
to obtain frOm you, any views which you
hive 'formed on the present crisis in Um
,of the head said "no;" the
eye, although endeavbring, to_ say the
same, quite as strongly, " I know too
much, too much, indeed, about this thlit,%
but you don 't catch me just yet; uo in
deed, young man, not if I know myself,
and I think I do.t' So the lips. moved
P really don't know what to make of it.
" Are we, in your opinion, likely to
hare such a serious commercial re:yid_
si on of proceeding from Wathitrect, and af
footing other channels of trade, as swept
over the country in 1857?"
" Well, now, really, sonaly,'! . (Wouldn't
it be glorious to be "sonny !' of $300;-
000,090 ?) I really cannot tell you any
thing. I don't care about funning opin
ions.. All we wont is to protect ourselves."
Here wns an opportunity to get ~at,
somethi4 so so the questions: "Against
whom and in what was, was-this. pro
tection needed "` - wero almost ready,
when the Man Friday put in his lingual
"What opinions do you want?"
'" I stated very clearly to Commodore
Vanderbilt that, my, inquiries werc 'in
reference to the present crisis and. its I
" Crisis be hanged. I toll you there
ain't no crisis. Thete is only a crisis in
the newspapers. It ain't anywhere else."
This might have ; been immensely satis
factory to that person who uttered it, and
as it is does t finds a place here ; liut
further conv9 ation with hint was likely
to result in similai; information.
Turnittg, to the courteous, old Commo- -
iore, some leading questions were again,
.put, with the invariable result :
"I don't kndw nothing, 'sbnny ; I don't
know nothing, I'ye no opinion and I've
no factS." , - . . • . .
" If the jury behove from the evidence
_that_tho'• plaintiff and defendant wore
partners in the grocery, and"that the
plaintiff bought out the defendant, and
that the defendant paid the, note by do
livering to the plaintiff a cow; which he ,
warranted not broaehy, and the warran
ty was broken by reason of thObreeching
of thO Cow, and
,he drove the cow, back
and tendered her to the defendant, but
he 'refused to receive her, and the do
fondant took her home again and f put
heavy yoke on her to prevent her
jumping fences, Ml . by reason, of her
yoke she,broke her neck and., died ; and
if the jury believe' that the Vofondant'n
interest in .the grocery - was worth any 7
thing, the plaintiff's note was worthless;
and the covrgood for nothing, - either for
hOof or milk, then the jury must find out
, fortheinselvos hoW they' will decide, the
ease ;ler the coint-‘4lon't know . how
Lsuch a case could be decided." %. •
• . ,
• Many of our rcallere - Who have visited
Niagara 'will. air*, With' Mark. Twain,
who said that the . first 'time ho was there,
the hack fares Were se ;much higher. than
the. falls, that the falls appeared - insigni-:
leant:. It locattio . apparenti.ihat either.
the ,fas:ha4 te , be discontinued or the
hOokinen,. ,had to . subside: . They could
,tike. falls, and so they damniod
the ha - ekplen.,, ; , .
If ,yop. would, preserve esteein,, lie gen:
If yeti woul(t obtain powei.,' be coolie-
I , always was: a lucicyfellew, andA e
Most fortunate_ thing that ever happened
to me was being bern. - Listeb:
Three years ago I had just been jilted,
and was out' of • Money.j That doesn't
sound lucky but it was the prelude to
the - best of luck. • ' I concludedto go doWn
to Plymouth, to my • uncle's hous&----
partly that themurthurs of the sea might
soothe my inwa,rd' perturbation, and, part:
ly to save n,,month'S board. • ,
I stepped' on board - the early down
train. It was full of silly six o'clock pas
senger's, mostly — men - . - 7 - Tilly — sun — was
shining on the water, but , the, fog Wei
hugging the banks, and clinging to the
burnished surface of the tido. I suppose
a poet could have made something pretty
out of the sight, but I only wrapped my,
self closetFA my overcoat, and looked at
it sulkily. After a while I got listening
to two men who sat behind me. • ~.
"A pretty girl with a fortune isn't al
ways to be had for the asking."
"Oh, but the girl isn't asked, I take
it. It's all arrange!' by her aunts, and
she,'ll acquiesce.. She 's shining pretty,
but a mere. child—not Witco'', I believe.
They had another fellow booked for her,
hilt he.died id New Orleans of the yellow
fever last fall."- "
"And she 's never seen this Smith ?"
"No, nor they either. The aunts
plotted with Mr. Dunbar, the guardian,
and he picked Smith up for them, opened
a correspondence, and got Rose to write'
a letter or two. Smith professes to be in
love with her letters, and her picture
but of course it 's themoney—forty thou
sand, if she marries before she 's sbven
teen." ~ • -
"If the girl amounts to anything, it 's•
a deuced shame 1" . •
She does amount to something. 'She
has the making of a splendid woman in
her, but nobody knows it, or cares. They
are bent -only .. on saving the. money for
her. if she forfeits it, it goes to some
pet charity of her crazy old grandfather's.
lle was allays an old tyrailt, and as ec
centric as the d-1."
"You know Smith?"
"Only by sight, but I know a chum of
his, Burton, and-got the story, with - a
copy of a letter of the girl's: I've seen
her many a time down- oin the 'shore, al
ways i6ith hei•.dragon aunts',!'.7
" Where's the - letter?"
" I've g,Ot it here in lie e• allot. • Now
you know the right sort of a limn won't;
havo his._girrs .letters hawlced about
among his associates. 'Ho let Burton
take this copy, and Burton gave it ,to me.
Let me See—this is it. Listen.
!Dear Smith.—illy aunts wish me
to—reply_to_your hind letter. lao not
snow what to say. lam not accustomed
to'sViiting to gentlemen, but I must tell
you that I was sorry to have aunt Sophy
send you that picture of nic,; 1 ant not
near so pretty ;.it Hatters me very much.
You a - re so handsome that' you - . will ;Want
a beautiful wife ; so I don't think you
yop ought to be deceived'. I don't want
to be married ; but my.aunts say I must,
on account of Ole money ; and perhaps
it may, turn out ,all right. I am very
lonely here. I would lise to live . in a
large - city, - and aunt Sophy says you
would do everything to please me.
Have' you any sisters? Will your
„mother liso nie ? I always wanted sis
ters, and a mother of my own. Ido not
kno what else to tell you, except that if
you love me, I will do whatever you
want me to. Very truly yours,
There wore comments upon, and a
laughing discussion of the letter, which
was certainly very uniqui. But as co
rattled along there minas a buinp, a shoc..,
the cars stood still, and everybody teas
" We are off the track ; bo patient a
little said the conductor, passing
But in consequence of this little acci
dent, it was two o'clock before we got
-down in Plymouth. As.we swarmed out
upon the platform, I noticed a, very pale
young man, not. unlike' myself in looks,
emerge Worn the foremost car—his coat
sleeve torn out, and a violent •purple
bruise on his forehead. ,
"If that should , be the lover Smith,
mw," said I to inyself, "what, a plight
Luis in I"
He seemed very much• outoChumor,
and beckoned angrily to a hackman,
jumping into„a carriage, and desiring to
be takerrto the best hotel, After that I
saw Several other. persons more or less
disordered and bruised by the railroad
I' wag leaving tho depot, when a co
oked conelunail bowed before me. • -
"Beg pardoni sir—Mr. Smith ?" •
" Clitrriago is waiting.. Step this way
if you please."
wondering. if indeed
my uncle - had - SC . lli up,a dirlage 7 - -It Used
to be my aunt's pet.' Ike. barmiche,.
with the old English coat of arms, which
had, indeed; belonged to us, but had been'
in disguise since the impoverishment of
Raleigh' Smith, of ' England, I-wasn't
quite su;o what they trove, butgbelieveil
it was a sword and a helmet upon a piece
of parchment ; but it proved to.be a pen
and a sword against a Rialetp; which ryas
very appropriate, its there had been
Rchplars, artists, and military Men among,
our ancestors. •
"All Tien 2" asked good naturcd)y
"All woll,"' anu*ored,,SainbO,
grin, shutting the dope. Thou ho lOoked
back to say with a'grin
vory gay this morin.'
If my staatoly aunt and cousin wore
gay,.it was .certainly ; worth., romarking;
so I laughed:a litthiand Sainho'ohuckled
again and jumped uptinhis soat.7 .
. We rattled though, the stmets, under
an arch,, up ah avenue. 'Pangs
to loolc strange.
, • • . •,
_ ".Where aro we?" I 'asiced,, as Saufbo
.the_ carriage "Do they
lir here ? " . . •
'" Yes Mr.'' , 'info's Mr. Dunbar,
At the same inonienenn elderly gentle
Main. , ruehed out to the tore co to. mee
‘ , .why, SU - Atli, you r aro' ,
lido," ha ex(lnkined,lilmking w"
Tho s orris inn - Ott 'the track,'" 'I an
awbred; and hdfdro efirdit tar anything
ohmic 111.1,8000, ma -
wEip: A.l oo4 w tody. ~.gm:ry,)ritl) your
toilot'nild•comutlo.3yns .Pity . yun triutUrcl.
your;iFhipir.ere ii l o 8 F;; i allivi'At yQUr uri
pearaxi,co vory:auuch; '101i 0 ,4,t,/ 1 0P•
• ' '
Smith dross: Right inpzerl.r.
I found myself in a luxiirious dressing
morn; and a mulattii u , as respectfully in
attendance. 1,, Sat .down and looked at
What is youi name?"
• "Robert, sir. Will you be eo kind its
to lnirry,, sir. They are waiting on you."
I gay() hint the key to my portmanteau,
and resigned myself to my fate, whatso
ever it might be. But things were very
"Where is my uncle asked I, as
"Your 'uncle? Oh, yei sir,." with a.
bad atteMpt at not smiling, "be 's with
the ladies, now."
" HoW, long have you lived hero ?"
." Don't know, sir. I-'ve only been
14e aday 'or two. There, sir; do you
Want anything more ?"
" No; 'I WaS arrayed in my best appa
rel, and looked well, though my 'Whiskers,
instead of,being trimmed, were of early
grOwth, and had never been of any
I was met at the foot pf.the stiirs'by
the irrepressible '3li. Dna*.
"It 's all fixed," said he.. " You 'll be
married at once. I, had different .
rangements made; was going to give you
and Rose a chance to get p, little
Mminted; but the ranipad-delay spoiled
that. The . Rev. 10. Lawson is hero.
'Come right - along. A stiff upper
He led mei into a long reception room.
Some ladies ,shook hands with me. pA
.goldeii haired creature was put
my side. The clergyman married us.
Then there was a chatter of .cOngritula
One - woman with a horrible scarlet
head dress put her head—on my arm and
drew- em aside. ,
" What arrangements have you made
for your wedding trip?" asked she.
"None," I ansNyered,• truthfully.
" But yon are going to New York for
a week or two? "
I thought New York as good a place
as :lily, if I was expected to go some
-where, and answered yes.
" Aunt Sophy," Said a trembling little
voice at 'our elbtrws,,"What must I' do
"Run up stairs and put on your travel
ing :dress, child. Your aunt Magarot
will nssls,t gou." "
It was my wife. She never looked at
me but ran away again.
Refreshments were circulating. I tried
very bard not - to go crazy. .
At last Dunbar came to me again;
" All ready, Smith. Carriage ip wait
ing. Yon 'll catch the_ evening train
with smart driving.
They hustled inc out .again, kissed
Rose, shook hands with.me, and we two,
alone, were driving poll men to the depOt.
I bought tickets for New York, gave
Sa:Mbo five dollars, and we were oft
Well we got into NOW York about
midnight. I took a carriage to the St.
Nicholas, took rooms, locked the door
and told my wife all about it.
She looked at one awhile with hergreat
blue eyes, and then said innocently:
"Well I don't know Its it notices any
After all what difference did it make?
The disheveled young man with the
bunii)e4 forehead proved to be the ex
pected Smith, but ho didn't arrive until
half an hour after, our departure.
Dunbar came after us, raving,,but
there was nothing to be done.
• Rose was . satisfied.; the other — man
„wasiVt, but I imagine ho was a fello4
of bad luck.
BiatiAlES OF T.IIINGS?
' [From All LbTear 50n54.1 • ,
What lice - miles Of the enbrmous quan
tity of objects, natural .aud artificial,.
which are daily, Weekly,, monthly, an
nually, and perennially produced and
sent forth into the world?
' What becOnics—to plunge in vsediae
ros 7 -of all the pictures which our painters
paint .and exhibit 'at the metropolitan
and provincial, exhibitions, season after
season, year after year? We 'see them
ht thii Royal Academy, at the Asylum •
; foiqtejecteil Contributions to the Royal
Academy, at the 'Water Color Galleries,
and at all the other art exhibition rooms.
What becomes of than all? Of seine of
them—the best—We know the fate: They
go into the hands of certain collectors in
the m:pittfacturing districts who luckily
have a taste, foi art. Of..some others,
also, we know 'the fate. They hang pup
in the studioS of our friends who painted
them. Sometimes,. again, we come upon
one ini some ca . tver's, and gilder's shop.
But where are all the rest? Where are
the views of "Bettws-y-coed " 'and of:
" Loch Coruisk;" the production ofwhicli
las necessitated • Icing jouilieyings
inueh eking out under white umbrellas'
Where emthe representations,of " Dead
Gaine,'7" , the " Italian .- 1 3 easute;' "the
" Studi9Ei of Heads ?"
• The . hooks, again, - .itltatl3 hecoum of
them ? These .come out in legiOns season'
after. season; -ropresehtiug,. in addition tp
an enormous amount, of labor of different
.a :considerable accumulation of
actual material of mill board, of cloth,
•of lcathOr. What becomes of all this
materiel?. What. sort of ,proportion do
the number of books that aro sold.bear
to. those that Aro brought out? And
again,'of 'those tlit, are sold,—what be
cams of theml- Those that wo sae on
the sholVes• of libraries, or • oven lying
about tables and chiffonniers, are.:but,
small percentage of the- number contin
nallycisseing from the press. What be
comasof the thousand 'page novels which
•appear, in great numbers, id the course
of every season'? j 1:IAv does it happen
that, our rooms lore not :entirely,
roAded with full' boOk shelves, or that
there exists in any apartment,' hall or
passage, auk 'vacant PorticupaTtliat space
;uneccuPied by books - onrwhichAcc put
things doWn?:'lltindreds l ,Of thousands
of voltimea are cast upon the , world every
'oar; and have been since one Is afrOid
to says When ;where are they all .at this
Present Writing?' VhcbeolcsollerS' shops
furnish,an amnia of Kt/MU, 'the libraries
of Others, and some the trunk makers
and,thubutternten Icnow about; but ttiO
real,-Ivllcre are they? • '
daYst as la all the days
have , prcipetital '<lays, all sorts of
articles. of • Wowing 41)1)0 5 31 botorao thp
!Mod() ) tirO worn for 9,.81?0rt, tworyf,,
an 4 itrcOlor! ev017.11)0.1y oast
and . rejected. What is the destiny of
those.rejected. articles? When stool pet
ticoats disappear, whatbeeomes of them 2
When the ordinary hat worn by English
men is reduced to a height of from six to
six,and a_"calf-inehes, what hecornes:_of
tho'hats seven. and 'eight inches high,. of
which the hatters'. shops were full a few
months ago ? Where aro the wollizi g top
boots, of which the shoemakers' shops
used to display long'rows Where aro
the steel chatelains-vyhich , ladies:used to
carry at- their girdles? Where are, the
Malacca canes of our youth ? Even the
footmen have discarded their „use, we
kno:w.; but what has become of them?
'They must be somewhere;' in some form.
Where 2 Andlarwhat form?
Numbers of people have 'entirely. be
wildered and stupefied themselves in ef
forts to arrive at some rational conclusion
on the subject of pins.--. The statistical
, accounts of the mimberil'of pins turned
out annually at Birmingham and Slid
.fieldalonb, would lead one to expect that
the, earth itself would 'present the ap
pearance of a vast pincushion. Where
aro those pins of Whieh - tbe yearly fabri
cation is on so vast'a scale ? Pins-ire
not consumed , as an articlef diet, Pins
do not evaporate. • .Pins must be some
where. All. the Pins -which have -been
made since civilizition set in must hi 3 in
-existence in some shape or other; we
oughtlo see nothink else,- look in what
direction we might, but pins. This island,
not to meddle with other countries, ought
to be knee deep with pins. Reader, how
many pins aro imported into your own
house within the course of the year? DO
you know what becomes of those pins?
There area few in your wife's pincushion,
and one may occasionally be seen gleam-,
ing in . the housemaid's waistband ; but
where are therest ? It is perfectlyi,as
•tounsling how seldom one encounters a
pill on "the loose." Now and then, by
rare chance, as • whin a carpet is taken
u'P; you may catch a glimpse of a pin
lying in a crevice ; but even this is an
uncommon occurrence, and not to be
counted. You often want a pin, and
, take trouble to get a pin. Where.are - all
the pint; that ought to be always in at
, to manes everywhere?
What can .possibly.become. of all the
steel pens, of which myriads are contin
ually turned-loose upon the world? Each
individual pen' does net last for a 'very
long time. Left unwiped, as they gen
erally are, steel pens soon corrode, and
so get unfit for use. - - What do we do
with them? We _take them out of their
holders, replace them with others, and
leave the old pens .lying about in the
, pentrays of our desks, or „where, 110.
They are awkward, things to get rid of,
and - mostly lie
pens, like the pins, do at last dis
appear. Whither? The earth 'is not
prickly with steel pens. It ought to be.
Why isn't it? -
MR. RAMP TAfil9 A LOOK OVER TEE PO
LITICAL nonlzox AND GIVEB THE
Mors CHUNIC; (IhrhiCh is in the State
uv Peensylyany,) September 11, 1809.
At last I hey struck a hisvon uv rest. At
last I hey a shoor abidin place, fora time,
at least. How long•I may stay, or how
soon I may be compelled to pick up, my
landlord's spare'shirt and travel I can't
tell. But what do I care ? For the pros
ont I am under the wing uv a man who
has $20,000,000, and who is yoonin it at a
terrific rate. Some few uv the drops uv
the golden shower' pg a fallin onto me, •
and. lam content. That 'is lam content
personally. I ism ez as well of se I rood
be. 1 hey twice penetrated the august .
•presence uv the •:Democratic candidate
for governor of Pennsylvany, ropresentin
myself es president ny a 'Democratic -.club
in Philadelphy, and.twice hey I received
$lOO to' carry on the good work. The
young man which guards the outer door
uy the candidatorial manshun is a. most
newt judge of human nachey. The ser
vant at the dcior askt . foi• eredenshels, at
which the young man who happened. to
be in ths.hall, noticin me, rebuked 'him
for delayin me. '
"Terence 1" remnrkt hesharplY, " ad
aich nosiur without question. Yoo
bet they are our friends." -
That nose hez cost me thousands UT
other people's dollars to keep up in Ool
or• Thank howien, its repayin me some
uvtho trouble I hey gone to on its so-
I /Oil well enuff off, and possibly ought
to be satisfied, but the condifilnin uv the
Democrisy 'Mix me. The fact Is, we
are .in 'a bad way, and ther ain't no way
out uv it. We ain't got no yoonamimity. ,
We' ain't got nothin to -lite for, and the
country. .hoz hod 'universrl good crops.
The weather's been agin us. If we cool
'hey lied rain muff in harvest to hey rus
tid the, wheat, and muff follerin the
wheat harvost to hov _rooted tho porta
'tors; 'and thou a juicy attack ui cholera
and yellow fever; and'other disorders uv
that nacher,-so the people could hey got
dissatisfied and Ugly and sick,,,ther wood
hey been seine hope for us.. .The :potato
rot "in *cistern Pennsylvany wood hey
Madothousandir of votes - -this.fall
But wat'S the'-,use of. talkin to farmers
with tears in yoiir eyesnv a country go
in to room; when every mother's son fry
them inn:their pockets stuffed with green
backs and a barn full of wheat to bring
more ? Wet's the use' of 'clamorin for
change when the country's dooin as well
'ea it kin anyhow ? ' , •
Then agiii„our management hez •been
frightful. Inphio We made a boggle in
the beginnin; in the nominashue of no
' secrans.' 'lt , wuzn't • in the
things for, ur patriets who had shot of,
deers sent out by Ilosecrans - r to arrest their
sons, .which hod taken bounty and hee
deserted to Caady, to vote for, Rose
crane, partiokerly eihundreds uv embed
been dragged tol3astiles for emptying
their rifles.attlioni. The hurras stuck
nithOir tbroats,4 must cionfessthat they ,
Made a bravo attempt 'at it, lint they
iooked sick when they. did it. ; • The ef
foal; to inirralt:foi . Itescerans,. and _the
face they made' .uv it. reniinattme, of
au Incident wich 'occured: to me once:.
, - lieda 'friend...whose name 'it, wuz
ProWn, who,was, given to indulgence in
theSflowilibale r to a fearful'extent. , Wnn
Hite he iitteiniitedtOlie cOnvyiliel on a
• new brand uv , lip.ore,d
. him At,ll fo , undhiro
to post and vomitin
,wuz a-minitoer eartliqUake
" Brown 1" remarked I, laying my
hand affectionately onto .shoulder.
•" Brown, are you sick ?"
"Sick 1 sick 1" replied he,. swinging
round to the -other aide of the post and
dischargm another_ avalanch.,
you think I'M.doin this for •the fun uv
the thing P'
Our Democrats in Ohio swallered:Ro
socians, but; their hurrahs were so_much
like the rotchin .uv a man with aload on
to his stumick, that it_teminde_d uv
my friend Brown. 17 •
In PonnsylVany we ain't much better
off. Our candidate has pints about him.
He was a copperhead diirin,7the 'war,
wich makes all that class uv, Democrats
onthoosiastic in his. support ;- but on
tother hand it'drives'off the war Demo
crats, without wich - we. ain't worth
shucks. Hp hez Money though, - and ez
hpz bleedin freely he may keep tho or
ganization alive till . we kin make a fite
with a man with we kin elect. - •
. -The principle .trouble is'however to
find out wat Democracy is 'at this junc
tur.j In Ohio its agin niggor ekalil,yarnl
in fivcit uv either payin off the bomb; in
greenbacks or ropudiashun ; in Tonnes
-see its niggor suffrage and nigger Offie
holdin ; in Connecticut its payin the
' bonds in gold; interest and principle. ; in
Callforny its anti-Chinese, and in Looisi
, iana. its Chinese. In Maine our people
aro runnin a perhibertory likkerlaw, and
everywhere else the're for free whiskey.
In Illinois Tinneeracy is free trade ; in
Ponnaylvany its high protective tariff ;
and so on around. In short its so -high:-
ly mixed-that I woodcut agree togo &din
one county to another to make speeches,
without havingfitst carefullyascertafifed
wat the Democracy •uv that pertibcler
county 'believed - in. • '
I got Democratic papers from all the.
States one daj,"and by persistent readin
uv em for five hours, I beccme so mixed
as to boa promiain candidate for a loon
' atic asylum. -
I shellstay where I am so long as there
is anything to begot outuv the posishon.
I hey personated a cheeiman uv Phila
delphy committees twice with success;
to-morrow I shel try it again, and after
that sich other characters as may occur
to me. I must make hay while the sun
shines, for the fnileue aSSaults on 'Pack
ers pile is redoosin it fearfully:
PETROLEUM V. NABBY, '
WANT .OP SLEEP-TERRIBLE
It is related that a Chinese merchant,
having been convicted of Murdering his
wife, the judges determined to
jskhim in such a manner as to ihtliettlie
utmost amount of sufering, and, at the
same time, striking terror into the hearts
of all those who might entertain the idea
of following his example. He was, ac
cordingly, condemned to die by being de-.
prived of sleep.. The prisoner was placed
in confinement under the care of the.
police guard, who relieved each other
eveiy_alternate hour, and were instruct
ed to supply him with a full allowance of
food and drink, but who prevented his
falling asleep night or day. At Ilist the
Condemned than congratulated himself on
the mildness of his punishmeht, and was
rather disposed to regard the whole mat
ter as a joke. The excitement of his sit
uation tended to keep him awake, and
for a day or so his guards had little to do,,
By the third day, however, he began to
feel uncomfortable. ijis eyes were red,
his mouth parched, his skin dry and hot,
and his heed ached. These symptoms
continued to increase in intensity, and at
the' tommetteement of the eighth day,
his sufferings were so acute that he was
at times delirious. In his moments of
reason he be4ed the autlioritielf - to put
an end to his' torture. He implored them
.tO grant him the blessed opportunity of
being effaugled, guillotined, burned to
death, drowned, garrotted, shot, quar
tered, blown up with gunpodcr, cut in
small-pieces, or killed in any conceivable
'way. their humanity, or ferocity might
suggest. All this was in vain—his tor
mentors coolly did their work. till' there
was no occasion for their interference.
I I. period was readied at which he could
,have slept even if left, alone. The
brain was feeding on the products of its
own disintegration, and sleep was impos
sible. He was now entirely insane. Il
lusions of his sight and in3aring were . al
most "constant, and erroneous _ fancies
filled his thoughts. At one moment he
fought the guards, with all the fury .of
maniac ; at the next IM cowed with
terror before some imaginary ° monster,
and then, •relapsing into calniness, smile
with delight at some enchanting vision
Which flitted through his mind.
nature gave way altogether. On
the nineteenth day, death released him
from his Sufferings.
A. BAD SPEECH BY WILLIAM
One of the'maddest and most, touching
speeches that we over read, is that of the
Venerable, pout, Willimn,Cullou Briant,.
at the late 'commencement of Williams
College: Being - called upon to speak at
the annual dinner, ho said: •
' "It has occurred to mo, since I, intim
decline of life, cam to visit once 'more
this seat of learning,' in which our youth,
aro trained to succeed us on the stage of
the world; that I am .in the . situation
of one. who, standing 'on a spot desolate
with winter and dim with, twilight,.
should be. permitted, by a sort of miracle,
to look upon 'a neighboring region glo
rious with the bloom of Spring, and
bright With the heams, of morning.
On the side' whore I
. stand arehOrbless
fieldsandloafiess woods, pools "sheeted'
- with ice, a froien soil, and the shadows
of approaching night. 'On the side to
which I look are emerald meadows, fields
of springing whoat, orchards in bloom,
transparent streams,. and a genfal
shine. With Me, it is too lato„for any
further hopeful - tillage, - and - if the - plow
were put into, the ground, its 'coulter
would be obstructed by the ide bound
-Sods. .;On. 'the aid() to which I look I see
tho L tokena:ofltittieious cultivation and
aaroful attendanceOceomponsed by
free. promisitioo4 : rrejoice.at the
*WIT caroll,MS,*siwedi and my hope
an& praYer that,AiiniOr sueh- auspices
all the. promise Which meets my eyis , ,may,
lie amply fulfilled, ,and- that froth these
duattitantflolds aliarvost May he . gather7
j ed, richer anal !port). almndantthaol has
ever yet be . bn.sCoFecl-pi: Ow .
77 , - T '
BEAUTIFUL THO U . WITS. .
'The brain .is the great .centre of
the nervous • system: • FrOm it pass
a ;double seC - of nerve lines
divide and.• subdivide :MAR they per
=Nude= the - whole - fabric. One set :goes
to the centro.of the body, and these eob
beet impressions of the surrounding 'uni
verse ; . its gradations of heat and doll,
of light and 'color, and of Melody; and all
its multiform. contracts ;, these, in the
-shape Of4Sensatipnerpour along-the-Sen
sory filament: clothe great nervous cen
tre and seat of . 001166011H11095; The other
sot of nerve lines goes to the Muscles,
and it is along these' that the will stuns ,
• tufts its Orders tO the instruments of mo
tion, and thus commands the movements
of the holly. The brain is thus a focus
into which, for each living ina, a uni
verse is gathered and reprod cbd ; it is
also the source and spring of.,
Sick I do
of hiunan power. ' :
In this-narrow chamber, which is so
small that a man's hand . may cover it,
what grand events transpire. Within its
walls occur the sublimest order of pheno
mona; The thoughts that have revolu
tionized the world:or - TOW& hero I every
achievement which sheds glory upon our
race, projects which involve all nations
in their operations, whicliradkate inapul
-ses.to the end'of -the earth, andsendAm
slulations of power down the current of •
time for thousands of years originated
Acts that bless mankiMl in their beni
ficence, as well as those that dirken it in
the shadow of theirmalig,nity; alike have
originated hero I Nay, do not-all invent
tiOns 'and discoveries, all arts and litera
ture, and civilivation itself coins into
existence in thd human brain-?
It is buStomary to point to the - heav- -
ens as the sublimest objectthat can cn .
gage human attention ; and certainly,
the contemplation of its magnificent sce
nery, must over awaken'the profoundest
wonder. Those pondermis Nvolvent
orbs, sweeping through the shorelessam
plitudes, as if hurrying down the Vortex.
'of chaos, and yet returning throughtheir.
grand celesta' circuits, with the pnnetii: - .
ality of the All Controlling ; those gor
geous. galaxies of stars thick strewn,
througgtho skies, and sunk to dee'li
Ili - 6 abysses of space as to be - brought to
our . gaze only throughtolescopicenchant-
mont—what are they all ha gyffibola of
the Infinite.; fit and awful emblems of
eternity "? and yet these heavens are-do
.plicatedie We brain-of-the-astronomer.
THE' BRAYE. COLMERS.
How do men feel when about to die—
hothftor, being weakened by disease, or
when-the blood is heated, by the strife of
battle, but when' they see inevitable death
slowiy_but certainly approaching ;them,
and know that in exactly he - Many min- -
utes'it, will seize upon them and extin
guish the lusty life that animates their
frame ? Do they rage and struggle ztainst
their fats, or do they meet it with calm
ness, resignhtion, and dignity? In the
recant terrible coliery explosion in Sax
ony, all the - miners were not killed imme
diately, as was at first supposed ; a
,number of there were unharmed by the
explosion, and were killed, after an in
terval of some time, by suffocation. Some
of these pbor fellows occupied the last
moments of their lives in Writing mes
sages in their note books to their wives
and children, and these were found when
the bodies were discovered. There is a
curious. pathos in some of these messages
from the grave, but the calmness and
resignation which they manifest is their
most • notable faature. These men, iu .
the very presence of death, had thought
for every one but themselves.' "Dear
wife,:' writes one of them, "take good
care of -Mart.; in a'boOk i in s the bed room
you will find d Order. Panic% dear
mother find sistert:,Aill me meet again."
One by the name of Schmidt had pinned
a paper to the breast of Ills. blousc,'on
which he had written the folloiving
words : "My dear relations, while seeing
death' before me I remember you. Fare
well till we meet again in happiness:: A
miner named Bahr wrote thus iu his
note book : "this is t me last place where
we have taken refuge. I have given' up
all hope, because the ventilation has
been destroyed in three separate places.
May God take nyself and my relatives
and dear frieluls who must die with me,
as well as our families, under Ms, pre',
tection." Another had written : Jan-
etn has'died ; Richter left his family to
God. 'Farewell, 'dear wife ; farewell, ,
dear children ; may Crnd keep you." One
only uttered a complaint, and it was not
a violent one : "Farewell, dear wife and
children; I dill not think it •would end ,
so. Oberman.": One reads these simple
messages With , Moistened eyes, and pic
tures to. himself ,the scene 'of 'the rough
handed but soft hearted,men . sPending
their last moments, nail]. wild cries for
Mercy and screams of remtirsei•'
repining - ttgainsttlior cruel fate,lnit iif
sending thosCihrewelr worchijo their
loved ones, who were even that bewail
ing them as, dead. : • '
ADVICE . . TO U.W.4VARRIED
Tho-fo lowing advice to ladfesremain
,ing' in a state of single blessedness, 'is
extracted From the manuscript of 'tin old
.I)pwager : „.•
If you have blue_eyes, languish.
If black oyes, effect spirit. -
If yen hove pretty feet, wear short
, lf you aio tho least doubtful' as to that
point, wear thoni long:
While, you WV, yclupg, Sit, with, your
Thep to the light. .
When you are a little advanced•in age,
sit with,yeur back to the.n;inclow.
• • If srpt!..htLyaa,lnid voidO,.allkays
in a low . tom. " • •
'lf you - Armco woll; dance . !4eldoni,
If:you danco ill, never dance at all.
;if you sing moll, make no puerile ox.
IC you sing indifforebtly,`liestitto itot ;
moment when' you exii asked, I'm: fe)
persons aro competent-‘judges of ainging
but every_ oneAs sensildo_of .a, desire t
please. '.l'—. - . - :,.. , ,
If, is always in your Power to mall
a friend by smileis; What ,folly to .Mali
an eneinyhy frowns, ' - t.. 31: , . , .''.' , -
If you aro envious ofatt9Olar Soma , l
never show #.l.3ut by.allowing hoi:'.eicl,
good quality and „perfoothin 0.014 9191
she really p0e505eem....,,, , : 2..,,,r,',. - , "• '.
If Yotiw9uki..l ) Pik!qfy 9 . l ;fk ai A t Y I .* ea :
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