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Friday, April 29, Mt
S. M. PEITTENGILi. & CO.,
NO. 37 Park Row, Now York, and 6
State St.Doston, are our Agents.ikr the HERALD
In those cities, and are authorized to take Advertise.
manta and Sulmorlptiobiefcir us at Our lowest rates.
The People's Choice for President,
Free Negro Labor
One of the most weighty objections that
has been urged rightist the einanoipation of
the slavet of the South is, that such an act
would be fraugpt with evil consequences both
to the freedar and to the extensive plan
tees who would then be compelled to employ
them. The opinion prevails in this State as
well as in other States both North and South,
that a negro as soon as he is freed becomes
indolent and dishonest. The slovenly appear
ance and almost destitute condition of the ne
groes who parade our streets would indeed
seem to confirm this opinion ; but oannot
their destitution be traced to other causes
:than mere indolence? Most of the colored
population in this town as in other parts of
the State are either runaway slaves or rem o-
I ely descended from those who were. Igno
rant of everything except the common drudg
eries of the farm or work shop they cross the
line which divides the slave States from the
fee, and after dmooessfully evading the ardent
lOvers of the "Constitution," who for a petty
free employ their time in carrying out the
chief features of the fugitive slave law, these
negroes finally seek a home in our town or in
the surrounding county. They ask for some
thing to do in order that their bodily wants
may be provided for, and are turned away.
with the exclamation. "We don't employ
lazy negroes." They go from house to house
and at last one is found who must have laborers,
and at a reduced price they are given a few
--day-ts- - -worke—The - Teeple - of or th - h eve -
such antipathy to the negro that they will
not employ him even at a reluced price when
a white man can be obtained. Finding that
though among (he professed friends of his
race he is shown no iespect, and can ob
tain no regular employment, the very natural
consequence is he loses all hope of bettering \
his condition and sinks into a state of indo•
lenoy. About the time the rebels invaded the
State last summer, as all remember, a great
number- of--Im-if , sterrved - , -- raggerrantl - tertifted=
negroes made their way into this valley. We
saw at different-times scores of them with
bundles on their heads and children in their
arms entering our, town, homeless, penniless
wonderers. They were in a free State, and
. doubtlessexpected and certainly deserved that '
some unsolioitei.aid should be given them.—
But how was it? Overcome by anxiety, fe
tigue and hunger, they sank down at the
corners of our streets, and soarcea citizen
was so charitable as even to offer then a piece
of bread. Strangers in a strange land, just
loosened (von} the bonds of elavery, th se ne
groes as they sat there almost naked in the
streets while the warm rayr of the summer sun
Shone full upon them, presented a must pitiable
sight. We cannot forget the actions and mel
ancholy appearance of an old white haired
man who belonged to one of the groups of
which we have spoken. After resting his
weary limbs he rose up and walked..-several
steps from the place where his comrades were
still sitting. Then he baited and cast his
eyes around him. FrOm the direction of one
street where he may have expected some
friend of humanity would observe his forlorn
condition, and 001110 to hie assistance, he
turned then to another and another until he
had completed the whole circuit, and then he
stood with his face toward the land of his
birth, as the tears trickled down his cheek.—
When under the tyrant's lash he bad dreamed
of freedom and had longed to reach the State
of Pehnsylvania, where receiving the profits
of his pwn labor he might spend the remain
der of his life in peace and lin ppiness. Now
he was there; and instead of meeting with
friends and promised success, he saw only
destitution and want staring him in the face
No wonder then as he looked southward. and
thought of his coarse victuals, and hard labor,
and a master's protection, his feelings gave
way and he longed, for the moment, to be
it is a well.known fact that most of the
negroes who remained in this neighborhood
were hired for some time at a price so low as
scarcely to provide the necessaries of Aire.—
Now it is certainly evident that if the poor,
Ignorant white men wore so much despised
and so ill treated as the freed negro or runa•
way slave, they would soon become quite as
indolent and worthless as he. No do not here
consider, as some have done, how muoh more
enterprising he would be if he had the privi
loges of a white man ; but we shall endeavor
to show by indisputable facts that where free
negro labor is encouraged, the negroes are
equally as prosperous in every sense of the
word, as white men could possibly be under
similar circumstances. In Montgomery coun
ty Maryland, about fifteen miles from Wash
ington city, there is a sootion of country about
six miles square known as the Quaker settle.
went. Those Quakers or Friends have farms
of moderate size and employ free negro labor
almost; entirely. The negroes do their farm
work, dig their wells, assist in building their
houses, and in fact do almost everything that
no enterprising community requires to be
done. From this little farming community, it
would not be exaggeration to say, that at least
ten times the quantity of grain and produee
.of other kinds, is sent into the markets as
from the most prosperous community of the
same extent in the State where slave labor is
employed. This.certainly speaks strongly in
favor of free negro labor. But it is not less
important to inquire into the condition of
the negro' laborers. Are they industrious,
prosperous and happy, ,or do they live as in
too many instances they iu this State,
"from hand to mouth," and as the opposers
of emancipation contend their natures will
lead them to live'? Near the centre of the set
tlement where the negro population is thick
est there is a•churott and school house each of
which was built by the unassisted' exertions
of the negroes themselves._ here on the Sab
bath, dressedps neatly and conducting them•
ailves as prudently as white citizens, they as
semble for . religious: worship.
their, wn minister bdt. often the ministers of
the various dououtinationei th roug h autt the sue..
rounding county preach for them. For In
dustry and morality these negroes have few
equals; and they are as intelligent as most
persons are whose opportunities have been so
limited. It may not be amiss to state that
the most of these negroes possess ten or
twenty serail of land which they hold in the
name of some citizen. On this they have a
comfortable dwelling and other necessary
conveniences. Let those who profess to be
lieve that the freed negro cannot take care of
himself, and that free negro labor is unprofi
table, pay this community a visit, and
he will find good reason to alter his 'opin
ions. ii. B.
From that memorable day when summoned
by rebellion, a peaceable and industrious peo •
ple took arms in its own deform and the de
fence of its national being, through all the
changing and eventful episodes of the War,
there has always been a latent feeling that the
struggle would close near to the place of its
commencement, and that peace would fold her
wings where armed rebellion caused them to be
unfolded. Virginia has been predestined in
the popular mind as the burial-place of trea•
It seems now, from accumulating evidence,
that the rebels expect the present campaign
in that State ; that they expect to see it
opened soon, and that they apprehend the
skill and courage of General Grant, the die.
cipiline and increase of his forties, will give
them wilder work• than they have before
known. The concurrent testimony of the pest
fortnight goes to show that Lee is preparing
fur action. The Bth instant was observed as
a day of fasting and prayer by the rebels, un.
der special directions from headquarters.—
Since then a variety of reports, rumors and
statements have gained publicity concerning
movements which were in progress and in
contemplation.' A large cavalry body entered
Sulphur Springs a few miles from Warrenton,
three days ago, and moved towards Leesburg.
Another body, consisting of infantry, crossed
the Rapidan, near Leesburg. They seized
grain, forage and cattle, and moved towards
Upperville. - This detachment is suppose to
have proceeded from the main body, and 'to
have been either the pioneer of a general ad
valve or a reconnoissance in force. Guerillas
are again swarming over the country, attack.
Mg troops which have been left to defend
railway routes, capturing supply traings and
While this is occurring in one part of the
State, Breckinridge, Buckner, Morgan, Jen
kins and Williams are assembling at Marion,
_in:Booth western. - Virgin ie.—The - - position en
ables them to threaten Kentucky, by Pound
Gap, and at the same time it places them in
a condition to support Lee in any movements
which he may meditate. Some portion of the
forces which have been quartered between
Savannah and Richmond have marched to the
front, and (beeffective force of
. a large terri__
tory drained for the occasion, whatever it may
be, that was prepared for by a day of fasting
The Richmond Enquirer, of the 15th, inti
mates, with considerable boastfulness of rhe
toric, that these preliminaries bee aid a battle
on the plaius of Manassas. It speaks of the
success of concentration in former campaigns.
and remarks : "It would be indeed a singular,
concatenation of circumstances if those p nine
of Manassas, the scene of the opening con
flict, a field fatal to the stra'egy of Scott, the
tactics of McDowell, the headquarters of Pope.
should become a Waterloo to Washington
city and a Zama to this Yankee Hannibal."
We can admit that it is a singularity of so
high and improbable a character as to rank'
nearly with impossibilities.
The armies of Lite republic do not view this
marshalling of treason with indifference, nor
meet it by idleness. Very wisely, as it seems
to us, the operations of the Union army are
kept from publication here, nod consequent
publicity among the rebels. We learn enough,
however, to feel confident that the day of
joined battle will not find us unprepared in
any particular. The reviews of the Second,
Third and Sixth Army corps by Gen. Grant
took place last week. Their high spirit and
fine discipline are spoken of in the warmest
terms. They con titute such guards as the
nation may proudly rely upon, with cornfor•
table assurance of victory. Other bodies of
troops are ready to Co operate with them.—
The material of war is at baud; and the com
mander by and through whom both men and
material are to be wielded for a cause so mo•
mentous as to affect the world is master of his
art and of the circumstances in which he is
All things are thus prepared for the over
ture. The _weather is now favorable, and it
has been written, that "before another week
is over the Army of the Potomac will probab•
ly have tried conclusion once more with Gen.
Lee." How much or how little authority
there may seem to be for such an expectation,
among those instantly conversant with a l e^
tactics of the General commanding, we are
able, from the facts just recited, to believe
that no considerable period of spring
lapse before news begins to be received of hos
tile encounters, skirmishes, and then battles
upon the soil of the sundered Old Dominion.
We approach the day fraught with so weighty
judgement with less outspoken confidence as
to the result than when the first encounter
was dawning, but with cooler hope and a
more temperature trustfulness. The reality
gets at the heart of our hope. If a ropulee
should be met, it will be bravely borne and
instantly remedied. If victory lias been se.
cured by faith, hope, labor, salience, denial
and patriotism as sublime ae the ages have
ever witnessed, the last cloud will be rolled
from our firtuanent, and, though mists MO
exhale about -corning months , — the - sunljght
will grow steadily brighter to that altitude
where it will set, for bow maximore or ages,
wo dare only hope.
Should this coming battle, says the Illoorth
American, which is now being marshalled
from so large a territory, with such skill
and care, weighted with such ,responsibili.
ties to ourselves and mankind—should this
battle reward us for our espendituree, as
hope argues that it will, then the vista is
opened to the end, and instant eight realises
the reward. Not that the most effectual vic
tory will sheath every sword and by itself a.
lone reoonstruot the , nation. But an already
weakened cause would lose vastly of Its pow.
er, and lose beyond redemption. With the fill
of Richmond we should possess Raliegh,• and
stand easily at the land front of Chnrleston.
All the territory which remains unrecovered
would , be half won, and Mobile . would shake
with a new palsy al the news:, Indeed Om re.
&potion of Richmond would accomplish more
than a dozen ordinary battles, both in direct
and Indirect advantages .
Our operations are not relaxed elsewhere.
The southwest is being reasoned with sharp.
ly. There is no safety in Mississippi. But
the efforts of the day seem to be directed to
wards the head of the rebellion. Until it
falls we can pledge ourselves afresh to elaols.
en no labor, to withhold no exertion, to cotin
tenanoe no scheme or policy which does -not
bear upon that end, and lead ue farther to
wards that result. Pose proelia premia. _
General News Items
The bill to allow the soldiers to vote in
the state of New York has become a law.
General Sherman, on Satufday last, issued
an order prohibiting the issue of passes to
citizens to go beyond Nashville.
A parmerager train on the Lebanon Valley
Railroad met with en accident at the junc
tion of the North Lebabon road, on Wednes
day night. The locomotive was broken, and
the baggage and a passenger ear were thrown
from the track. The only person injured was
The latest advices from North Carolina
show renewed Union feeling throughout that
State, and the deplorable condition of affairs
The War Department has notified the
Governor of New York that the State troops
will be received by General Dix, for guard
and other duties around the harbor and forts
of New York, during the absence of the
volunteer forces recently stationed there.
General Rosecrans has assigned Major
General,Alfred Pleasanton to duty as second
in command of the department, with his
headquarters in St Louis.
The greater part of the business portioi
of Demarara, S. A., was destroyed by fire
on the 2d inst., involving a loss of from two
to three millions of dollars.
The laborers aboUt the railroad depots in
Cincinnati are on a strike, and most of the
companies have discontinued receiving
The Epiration of Term of Service of
the Penna. Reserve Corps.
We have lately received letters from the
Reserve Corps, in which it is apparent that
the men have a wrong impression in regard
to the expiration of their term of service. In
order to correct such misapprehensions, we
have been furnished with the following dates
of expiration of service by the Adjutant
Ist Reg., expiration of tern of service, August 1, 1864
2d ' " " August 1, 1864
3d " " •'t Jai, 28,
4th " " • 17,
bth " " June 21, "
6th " " July 27, C'
7th "" 27, "
9th " "
1 ith " " " '‘ 29, '•
12th " 14 "
13th " 6 ' June 11, "
—ln regard to another inquiry, we are au
thorized to state that there is no muster in
for an unexpired term. Recruits for three
years' regiments, after such organizations
have been in service, are all mustered for three
years, so that at the expiration of the term of
the regiment, such recruits will be held
for three years, and detailed fur service in
other organizations. It is well that the vol
unteer should understand these facts, asthey
How COL: BOWMAN EMU/nal:1 SLAVES.—OOI.
S. M Bowman came to day, a shadow of hie
formei self._vtarn_nearly to. death in the- vast
labor of enlisting every male slave in Mary
land of fighting age and qualifications. He
has cleaned "My Maryland" out, and knocked
Bishop Hopkins' divine institution into limbo.
He raised in forty days, two full regiments of
as fine black troops as can be found on the
earth. He left no slaves fit for military duty
in Maryland. He overran with his squads
every county ; they visited almost every farm.
The boats ran up every stream until masters
were obliged to bide their slaves in the woods,
conceal them 'iteltioats, and confine them in
jails and houses. He opened the jails even.
He has not drawn one dollar from the treas
ury, and his 3,000 black troops have not cost
the Government five par cent. of which the
same number of white troops cost. But in
doing this work be laid aside all style, all
form, and ceremony, went into negro church
es nights, Sundays, whenever he could get an
audience, and always addressed them on this,
the great day of their salvation.
DEPARTMENT OF TIIE GULF.
The Battles on the Red river A three days'
Contest. The rebel* finally routed. Rebel
loss reported at 8,000, Their killed and
wounded left on the field. Union loss 1,500.
THE FIRBT OAF OF IRE RATTLE
The first battle took plum on the 7th, in
which .the Union cavalry, after skirmishing
with the enemy and driving them for four
teen miles, until they got two miles beyond
Pleasant Flilt, came upon twenty•five hun
dred rebel Cavalry, posted in a strong position,
under General Greene. They were charged
upon by the Federal cavalry, and, after a
spirited contest, driven off the held. Our
losses were about forty killed 4114 wounded ;
that of the enemy about as heavy.
THE BEOOND DAVE BATTLE
On the Bth, Col, Gandrum's brigade of in
fantry, with the cavalry, pressed forward, and
finally mat the rebels In strong force under
Kirby Smith, 'Dick Taylor, Mouton, Green
and Price, with from eighteen to twenty-two
thousand men. There was brisk skirmishing,
and finally the rebels came on in force, Oen*.
Banks and Ransom being 'upon the field.—
Franklin woe Bent for, but before he came. up
made desperate charges in Anima,- apd were
desperately railiied: The both sides .
were frightful. Finally, after Franklin had
came Up, the whole Federal force was driven
baok three and a half-miles, but the annoy
were checked, with fearful slaughter, by two
brigades under Oen. Jmory. Alight ended
the contest. The Federate were under Biglik.s,
Ransom, Stoma and bee. Many-guns Were
lost. On the rebel side it is known that Oen.
Mouton was killed.
Tnn.rittinp pAr's BATTLE A LIMON VWTOAT.
By falling bank General Bank. her effected
a Junction with General A. J. Smith,
rangetneate were made to receitie the enemy
with 'effect. General Emory had ebarge of the'
Crst line of battle, will) Generale McMillin,
Dwight and others. Behind Emory, posted'
in a hollow, were General Smith's foreee.
Skirmishing was kept until about five teeleok
in the afternoon,. when the rebels mime up in
their old kyle in mimeo in three.lines of
battle. Our batteries opened upon them with
terrible effect. The ; Nineteenth Andy t orpe
was gradually forced back. The first line of
_rebels had been entirely broken - up by
Emory's resistance, but the remaining two
Tali FINAL CHARGE
Now came the grand coup de main. The
19th, on arriving at the top of the hill, sud
denly filed over the hill, and passed through
the lines of General Smith. We must here
mention that the rebels were now in but two
lines.of battle, - the first . , having been almost
entirely annihilated by. General Emory. what
remained having been forced back into the
second line. But these two lines came on ex
(theist and sure of victory.
The first passed the knoll, and, all heedless
of the-long line of cannons and crouching
- forms of as brave men as ever trod mother
earth, passed on. The second line appeared
on the crest, and the death signal was sound
ed. Words minuet describe the awful effects
of this discharge. Seven thousand rifles, and
several batteries of artillery loaded to the
muzzle with grape and canister, were fired
simultaneously, and the whole centre of the
rebel line was crushed down as a field of ripe
Wheat through which a tornado had passed.
It is estimated that one 'thousand - men were
hurled into eternity or frightfully mangled by
this one discharge.
No time - iris given them to recover their
good order, but General Smith ordered a
charge, and his men dashed rapidly forward.
the boys of the 19th joining in, The rebels
fought boldly and desperately back to the
timber, on reaching which a large portion
broke and fled, fully two thousand throwing
aside their arms. In this charge Taylor's
battery was retaken, as were also two of the
gun's of Nim'a..battery, the Parrott gun taken
from us at. Carrion Crow last hill, and one or
two others belonging to the rebels, one of
which was considerably shattered, besides
seven hundred prisoners. A pursuit and
desultory fight was kept up for three miles.
when our men returned to the field of battle.
And thus ended ibis fearful and bloody
struggle for the obntrol of Western Louisiana
CHICAGO, Apta.23. —The New Orleans cor
respondent of the Journal, writing under date
of the 15th insist'', says the loss of the 4th
Division of the 13th Army Corps, iii the bat
tie of the Bth inst., as 2,125 killed, wounded
The lossVf.the 3d Division was 860:
We lost ten piece', of c annot'. No one at
'lnches the lessetileine to Gen- Ram-ton or
Franklin. The movement which re-tilled in
this disaster was contrary to the advice of
both these officers The" did all that office' s
obeying the orders of their superiors, under
the circumstances. could do
In the hght on the 9 h net . our forces
drove the rehelg ten males, who they were
ordered to retire:
Our loss on the 91k inst., is reported at
1,000 killed, wounded, and tot sing
ST. 'LOUIS, April 24. the Republican's Red
river Correspondence of the 13th iust Bays
that General Smith's command began cross
ing the River opposite Grat.d Ecore on that
day, for an overland trip to Vicksourg, it being
'understood that Gen. Grant had sent orders
for General Smith's return to that place.
The rebel prisoners say that they had 25,
000 men in . tim,recent battles, and that they
Toot 8, 001)-iwedAturday's fight. They left
their dead and wounded on the field. Our
loss on Saturday was about 1 600. Our wound
ed were taken to Grand Ecore ; the killed
were left on the field, but reported as after
terwards buried by the cavalry.
General Smith's command consisted of por
tions of the 16th and 17th Army Corps, under
General Hurlbut and General McPherson.
Splendid ofter of the North-West.
Eighty five thousand troops Volunteered. Their
Services for siz months accepted by the Gov
ernment. Veterans to. be relieved /rom Oar
noon duty. The gulls of Wm and Indiana
Under the Arrangement:
WASHINGTON, SUNDAY April 24
VAIMIAND SIX MONTHS' MEN.
The Govern 441rthe Northwestern' States
had another. interview last night with the
President and Secretor of war, in relation to
the calling out of the militia of those States
for einr. utoPttbs They agree to furnish eighty
thousand 'mon immediately, the troops raised
to be regufarly mustered into the service
The President has accepted their offer.
FROCLANATION OF TUB OOVEIIXOR OF INDIANA.
_XII& =lnd DALLED OUT
CINCINNATI. - April 24 —Governor Morton
has issued a proclamation, saying that the
Governors of Ohio, Illinois, lowa Wisconsin
and Indiana have offered to raise for the
service of the General Government. 85.000
men, for the period of one hundred days to
perform such military service as may be re
quired of them in an, Slate. The Governor
calls for 20,000 volunteers, and says the im
portauce of tikdr,ing the approaching cant
paingn successful and decisive is not to be
over estimated, and feels confident that this
call will be promptly and fully responded to.
TUN OHIO NATIONAL GUARD WIDENED OUT.
CINCINNATI, April 24.
Governor Brough has issued an order call
log the National Guard of Ohio into active
service for ore hundred days. They will be
clothed, armed, equipped. and paid by the
United ..z t tates Government, and report for
duty on the 24, of May. The order says : •
"Our armies in the field are marshalling for
a decisive blow, and the citizen soldiery wi 1
share the glory of the crowning victories of
the campaign by relieving our veteran regi
ments from post and garrison duty, to allow
them to same in the more arduous duties of
Departgaent of North Carolina.
Surrender of Plyntouth. Gen. Wessels and
1,500 Men prisoners. Our loss 150 killed.
North Carolina troops taken out and shot,
after Surrendering, All negroes ite Uni-
Arm also Murdered. The Zuenty moving
on Washington and Nembern,
VORTREEIti NONIWN April 22.
" On Sunda,s , last the rebels assaulted our
works at Plymouth, N. G. and were twice re•
pulsed. On Monday morning at 1 k,
the Union putiboat Bombshell ran up the
Roanoke river, to look on. for the iron-clad
ram reported to be coming down. Soon af
ter passing (air works, sh. was fired into 'by
a rebel battery
About 8 o'clock a rebel rain came down,
ran out her b.ot• ries, and sunk the gunboat
'Southfield, by runny g imu ner.
The gunboat ‘'ery strong yeas, I,
lay close to the ra,o, one
of the most gallaot men w ine navy,
cleared the decks for action, and fired a 9-
inch shell into the rebel him, which rebound.
ed, exploded, and killed the captain. The
Miami was then immediately un down the
river out of danger. The rebel iron -clad, au
far as heard.from, had not fired a shot, and
now has possessio.l of the river below Ply
mouth, the garrison at that place being cut
off from all communication.
• Voirrams Marmot; April 23, 1864,
Via BATIMORE, Monday, April,ls-1
Capt. Weatherbee of the 23c1 Massachu
setts Regiment has just arrived fiA)m Roan
oke island. le makes the following report:
Gen. Wessels surrendered to the enemy
on Wednesday,. the 20th ;:when the
Rebels took possessiOn of Plymouth, N. C.,
after four days' hard fighting.
'Our lose ie 150 killed and 1,700 captured.
. The Rebel loss is 1,500 killed.
Rturistone, Monday, April 25, 1864.
There are reports on the streei.here this
morning, purporting.. to have, been brought
by a colored sutler, that the colored Union
troops at Plymmth, N. C., were murdered
after the surrender of the place, by the
There are no means of verifying this Mak
ment, and the rumor is probably without
foundation: , .
N EADIf itN, N. C., )• ridgy, 4.pril A 180,
The bathe, which been going on night
'and day at Plymouth, Crow Sunday the 16th
'to the 20th inat„,.resulted in the capture of
4e city by'the enemy at Wednesday noon,
including Gen. Wessels cud his force of 1,
500 men. The enemy obtained possession
of the town at 8 o'clock in the morning.
Gen. Wessels and his troops retired into
Fort Williams and held out until noon, re
pulsing the enemy in seven desperate as
saults. Their 081 is said to be "1,700, while
our loss was slight.
Gen. Wessels, who gained such distinc
tion in the seven days fight, before Rich
mond, has made in this siege. a most heroic
resistance with his little band of veterans.
Several weeks since be called f a 5,000 men,
stating ir. the most solemn manner that it
would be impossible to hold the city with a
less number. Gen. Peck, who has given
Gen. Weasels all the assistance in his power,
in the same sol,min manner, time and again
called for reinforcements.
It. is reported that the enemy have left
Plymouth, and are now moving on Wash
ington and also on this city., The Rebel
ram at Kinston on the Neuse, has, it is as
certained, moved toward Newbero, and is
-expected-to make the attack in It - day or two.
More gunboats and reinforcements are .im
mediately required here and at Washington.
Two companies belonging to the 2d North
Carolina (Union) Volunteers were among
the captured at Plymouth, the must of whom
were taken out and shot by the enemy after
our forces had surrendered. All the negroes
found mu uniform were also shot.
The funeral of Commander Flusser takes
place here to-morrow.
The Rebel ram at Plymouth, which came
down the Roanoke, is expected to act in con•
cert with the other rains in the attack on
Washington and Newbern. She carries
three swell guns and one 64 pounder. With
the aid of a - few gunboats these rams could
be readily rut) down, tis their sea-going qual
ities are bad. •
Under the cover of night ihe ram at Ply
mouth sunk two of our gunboats, but is not
expected she would attack any respectable
num her of gunboats in the daytime.
Foa•raess MutinoE, Monday, April 25, 1864.
The following has been received here:
111 ADQUARTF.RB OF THE ARMY AND DIA
TRI6T OF N. CAROLINA. NEWBRRN. N .C.,
April 21. 1864 •
GENERAL o ftoßoo . N o 66.—With feelings
of the deepest sorrow the Commardiug Gen
era! atmounees the fall of Plymouth, N. C.,
and the capture of its gallant commander,
tI. W. Wessels, and his command.
Phis tee It, however did not obtain until af
ter the must gallant and determined resis
tance had been made. Five times the ene
my stormed the lines of the General, and as
many times were they repulsed with great
slanyhter, and but for the powerful assis
tance of the Rebel iron-clad rain, and the
floating sharp-shooter battery the "Cotton
Plant," Plymouth would still! h Lve been in
our hands. Fur their noble defense the gal
lant Glen. %Vessels and - his brave b end have
and deserve the warmest thanks of the whole
country, while all will sympathize with them
in their misfortune.
To the officers and men of the Navy the
Commanding General t uderslits the , ks for
their hearty co operation with the Al-my.
and the bravery, determination, and courage
that marked their part 01 the unequal con
test. With sorr6w he records the death of
the noble sailor and gallant patriot, Lieut,•
Cum. C. W. Flusser, U. S. Navy, who in the
heat of battle tell dead on the deck of his
ship with the lanysrd of his gun in his hand.
l'tie Con aiidingThetieral believes that
these Misfortunes will tend not to discour
age but to nerve the army of North Ca• (AMA
to equal deeds of bravery and gallantry here•
Until further order the headquarters of
the dub district of Om Albemarle aill be at
Roanoke lulaud The coinaland devolves
1). Wardrop, of the 99th New York
B ) command of Maj.-Grin..JouN G s rEcK
J. A. JuDs Ass't Adit-Gen.
REBEL. REPORT OF rim C,PTURE.
Fr.iin fhe Richinimil Sentinel, April 22.
N C., April 20, 1864
To Gen. 13ansTot; BRAGG : I have s , ormed
and carried this I lace, capturing brigadier,
1,600 men, stores and 25 pieces of artillery•
R. F. HOKE, Brig.. Gen.
OENERAL WESSELS WEIL' HOLDS THE FORTI
FICATIONS OF PLYMOUTH-HE LIAS FIFTEEN
DAYS PROVISIONS -TILE IiIItIELS IN POSSE&-
SION OF THE TOWN-WAsIIINOTON AND NEW-
D ERN REOARDED MORE SAFE.
Ni WBEII,N, April 23, 1864
Reports from Plymouth have it that our
flag still floats over our fortifications in that
place, though the enemy have possesssion of
the town and river. It is said that Gen.
Wessels retired with his force into_the forti-
fications with fifteen days' provisions. This
report appears to be believed. On the arri
val of more gunboats we shall be able to
reach Plymouth, and ascertain the facts.
Washington and Newbern are much
stronger fortified than Plymouth was. With
a few more troops and gunboats, which are
said to be on their way, they oan be held
against all the Rebels that can present them
Candor compels us to state that we very
much doubt the statements contained in the
above dispatch. All the testimony in the
matter concurring in the surrender of Gen.
Wessels and his entire command.
Payment of the Militia.
PAY DEPARTMENT, U. 8. A .
HAntu.,Buno, April 21, 1864
For the purpose of paying the emergency
militia called out by proclamation of the Gov•
error, and by authority of the President's let
ter, dated Septeint er 1862, the following
places nod dotes hove been designated for the
rendezvous of the different companies as twa
in Atter named :
Major Stryker, paymaster, will be at Cham
ber,hurg ou Tuesday, the 3d day of May
next. to pay the companies commanded Iv
CnIO Ulnti Mon tgomery , Wingert. Fletcher,
Crt,.wed, Fysier. Rouser, Taylor and Eyemer
Uu Thursday,May bib. at M'Counel burg,
to pay company commanded by Capt Sellers,
Chi Saturday, May 7th, at Shippensburg,
to pay companies commanded by Captains
tit) 8 m and Middleooll
Or Tuesday, May Ipih, at Oakville, to pay
company commande4 by Captain firacny
Uu Thareday, Dlay 12th, at Car isle, to pay
companies commanded by Captains Hui:aria!)
Ou Saturday, May 14th. at Mechanicsburg,
to pay company commanded by Capt. Kerr,
Ou Monday, May lath, at Shiremanstown,
to pay °timpani, commanded by Capt. Shelly.
Ou Wednesday, May 18th, at. Middletown,
to pay company commanued by Capt., yenter.
On Friday, May goth, at. Summehrtown, to
pay company commanded by Captain Draotf, ,
On Tuesday. May 24th, at West Fairview,
to FLY company commanded by Captain May
On Thursday and Friday, May 20th and
27th, at Harrisburg, to pay companies com
manded by Captains Colestook, Elder, Dough
erty, Holtman, Foster, Miller and Curzon
together with the Field and Stag of the Ist,
3rd, 18th and 23rd reginucpts.
Major Nathan Thayer, paymaster, will be
at Lebanon on Thursday, May &lb. mixt to
pay companies ommande4 by Captains Car.
many, Ulrich and Miley.
Ou Saturday, flay 7th. at Treeerton, to pay
.company commamded7by Captain Morton. '
On-Moticiay, May Ow at. Selina Grove,. to
pay company oomiu, , n,ie t by, Capt. Simpson.
Qn Tuesatsy, May 10th, at Sunbury, to pay
camp .niea councuituded by Captains Bruner
and . Wolverton.
On Wednesday, May 11th. at 'Minot), to pay
corriparly oomuittuded by Captain Boyle
goo Thursday, May, 12th,-at Lewisburg, to
pay companies countianded by Captains Shull
Oo .13atorday, May 1411, st Williamsport, to
pay companies commanded by Captains Oos
line, Parsons, Trout and Floyd.
On Tuesday. May 17th, at Jersey Shore, to
pay company commanded by Capt. Reighard.
On Thursday, key 19th at Moutourville,
Lycoming county, to pay company command
ed by Captain Eldred.
On Fridry, May 20th, at Hughsville, Lycom
ing county, to pay company commanded by
On Monday, May 23d, at Danville, to pay
compablee commanded by Captains
Kline, Young and Winer
On Wednesday, May 25th, at Bloomsburg,
to pay company commanded by Copt Clark.
On Friday, May 27th, at Wilkesbarre to
pay coMpanies commanded by Captains Hahn
On Monday, May 30th, at Pittston, to pay
company commanded by Captain liileman.
On Wednesday, June Ist, at Scranton, to
pay companies commanded by Captain Lang
staff and Ricketts.
On Friday, Juno Bd. at Providence, to pay
company commanded by Captain Miller.
On Monday, June 6th, at Carbondale, to
pay company commanded by Capt. Brennans
On Thursday, June 9th, at Tunkhannock,
to pay company commended by Captain Jon
On Monday, June 13th, at'Canton, Brad
ford county, to pay company commanded by
On Wednesday, June 15th, at Towanda, to
pay company commanded by Capt. Goodrich.
On Friday, June 17th, at Leraysville, to pay
company commanded by Captain German.
Ou Monday. June 20th, at Athens, to pay
company commanded by Captain Evens.
Major paymaster, will be at Dun
cannon, on Tuesday, the 3d day of May next,
to pay company commanded by Capt Shelters.
'On Wednesday, May 4th, at Bloomfield to
pay company commanded by Capt. Dame roe.
On Friday, May 6th, at Mexico, Juniata
county, to pay companies commanded by Cap
tains Dietrich and Laird
On Monday, May 9th, at Lewistown, to pay
coutpanies commanded by Captains M'Kees
Ou Wedueeday, May 11th, at Milroy, to pay
company commanded by Captain Brown.
On Friday, May lath, at Boalsburg, to pay
company commanded by Captain Wilson.
On Saturday. May 14th, at Pine Grove Mills,
to pay company commanded by Captain Burch
On Tuesday, May nt Bellefonte, to
pay company c rntnanded by Captain M'Al
On Thursday, May 19th, at M'Veylown, to
pay company commanded by Captain %Vm.
On Saturday, May 21st, at Huntingdon, to
pay companies commanded by Captains Oar
tensor; Crawford 11 ud Jobution
On Tuesday, May 2111), at Hollidaysburg
t. pay company commanded by Capiain M
On Thursday, May 26th, at Ebensburg, to
pay enmpiny commanded by Capinin Evane,
On Saturday. May 28th. at Carrolton to pay
company commanded by Captain Cole
On Tuesday, May 30th, at Wilmore, to pay
company commanded by Captain Hughes
On Friday, June 3d, at Elizabethtown, Lan
caster county, to pay-company commanded by
On Sinurday. June 4th, at Nlount Joy, to
pay company commanded I y C ai t Gallagher.
011 Monday, Juno 6th, at Marietta. to pay
company comulauded by Captain Rothe
On Tuesday, June DM, al Columbia, to pay
compile) , commanded by Captain Case.
On Wednesday,- June Bth, at
to pay company commanded by Capt. Sweltzer.
(In Friday June)Oth, at tateroouroe • to pay
company commanded by Captain Wehring.
On Saturday, June I Ith, at Gap, to pay
company commanded by Captain Eckert
On Tueeday, June lath, at Conemoga Cen
tre to pay company commanded by Captain
Ou Wednesday June 15th, at Lancaster
city, to pay companies nornmanded by Cap•
tarns Atlee, Slayitialter, Hawthorne and Dy
sert—on the day following the oompanies of
Captains Moore, Groh and Shock
The Field and Staff of the 4th regiment will
be riaid nt any of the above named plaoes.
Company officers are requested to solicit a
general attendance of the members of their
respective organizations on the days uesignat
ed, and if possible to procure Powers r t At
torney from all ahsentees, nut hot iaing officers
or- •theirdrienris t o -reserve - the pay - due them
In this matterform will not'ltre exacted—the
simple authority to sign and receive will be
sufficient. But in all cases the p.iwer must
be acknowleoged before a Notary or Justice
of the Peace. If the former, his seal notarial
must be affixed—if the latter the exemptifi
cation under the seal of the Prothonotary of
Where the claimant is in the army, an ac
knowledgment before a commissioned officer
will be eutficient. W. M. W ILEY,
General Apportionment Bill
On the sth inst., the Senate's select corn
mitee appointed for the purpose, reported a
bill to fix the number of Senators and Rep
resentatives, and to form the State into dis
tricts in pursuance of the ConstitUtion.
The Senate shall consist of thirty three
members, and shall be appointed as follows
to wit :
IstDistrict, 1 Senator —The Ist, 2nd, 3d
4th, 7th, and 26th Wards of Philadelphia.
2d, 1 Senator—TlP. 9th, 10th, 13th and
14th Wards of Philadelphia
3d, 1 Senator—The sth, 6th, 11th, 12th,
16th, 17th and 18th Wards iif Philadelphia.
4th, 1 Senator—The 19th, 20th, 21st, 22d,
23d, 24th and 25th Wards of Philrdelphia.
sth, 2 Senators—Chester, Delaware and
6th, 1 Semiter—Sucks county.
7th, 1 Se' ator—Lehigh and Northampton.
Bth, 1 Senator—Berks
9th, 1 Senator—Sehtlykill.
10th, i 3enator—Carbon, Monroe, Pike
11th, 1 Senator—wßradford. Susquehanna
12th, I Senator—Luzerne.
13th, 1 Senator—Potter, Tioga, McKean
14th, 1 Senator—teyeoming, Union and
15th. '1 Senator—Northumberland, Mon•
tour. Columbia and SuWynn.
160, 1 Senator—Dauphin and Lebanon.
17th, 1 Senator—Lancaster.
18th, 1 Senator—York and Cumberland.
19th, 1 Senator—Adams and Franklin.
20th, 1 Senator—Somerset, Bedford and
21st, 2 Senators—Blair. anntingdon, 'Cen
tre, Mifflin, Juriata and Perry.
22d, 1 Senator—Cambria, Indiana and
23d, 1 Senator—Clearfield, Cameron, For
est and 'Elk,
24th, 1 Senator—Westrarreland, Fayette
25th, 2 Senators—Allegheny county.
26th, 1 Senator—Washington and BeavOr.
27th, 1 Senator—Lawrence, Butler and
28th, 1 Senator—Mercer, Venango, and
29th, I , Sonntor—Crawford and Erie
The House of Representatives shall con
mist of ono hundred members, and be apppr
tioned as follows :
Philadelphia is divided into eighteen dia•
tricte each of which elects one member•—
total 18 member . s—nearly tho one-fifth of all
the_inerobers of the House.
Delaware, I member. Chester,3 ; Mont-
gomery 3; Bucks 2; Lehigli and Northamp
ton 3 ; Carhot, l Monroe,and Pike, 2 ; Wayne
.1; Luzerne`3'r Susquehanna and Wyoming
1 ; Bradford and Sullivan 2 ; Lycoming,'
linion and Snyder 3; Columbia, Montour
and Northumberland. 2 ;!Tioga and Potter 2;
Clinton, Cameron and McKean 1; Centre 1;
Huntingdon, Muffin and Juniata 2; Schuyl
kill 3 ; Berks 3; Lancaster 3; Lebanon 1 ;
Dauphin 2 ; York 2 ; Cumberland 1 ; Perry
1 ; Franklin 1 ; Somerset, Bedford and Ful
ton 2 ; Blair 1; Cambria 1 ; Clearfield and
Elk 1 ; Jefferson and Forrest 1 ; Clarion 1;
Armstrong 1 ; Indiana and Westmoreland
3; Fayette 1 ; Greeltu.l ; Washington 2 ;
Allegheny 5; La , rence and Butler 3; Bea
ver I ; Venango, Mercer and Warren 3 ;
Crawford 2; Erie 2;
The bill passed the Senate 16 to 13.
brant an (Eounip Balks.
m. .We would call especial attention to
the valuable and desirable town residences
to be offered at public sale on the 28th prox
imo by J. hD. Rhoads. See adv..in.anoth
MS,. Captain J. G. Johnson asks for
sealed propoSals for a large quantity of
lumber, sand,:lime &o , to be used in the re•
building of Carlisle Barracks. See his ad
UNION PRAYER MEETINGS.—A prayer
meeting will be held in the lecture-room of
the Frst Presbyterian church, of this borough,
on every afternoon, (Sunday excepted) at 4 o'.
clock, until further notice be given The ob
ject of these meetings is, to offer up prayer
to Almighty God on behalf of our country ;
and to implore Ws aid in suppressing this
untr,tural rebellion, and in restoring peace
to our beloved country. The members of all
denotninm ions in the borough karticipate in
theSe treoings. The public are earnestly re
quested to attend.
FREE LECTURE —Dr. Crane gave a free
lecture in Etheem's Hall last night.. His sub
ject was the "laws of health." This same lee
tore was del vered in Chambersburg at the
request of such gentlemen as A. K. M'CLURB,
G. It. Id Essiotsmith, 0. H. TAYLOR, W. G.
REED and WM. iil'Lut.t..sti. The Dr. present■
testimonials of ability and respectability
from some of the most eminent and trnst
worthy sources. lie proposes, if encoura
ged, to continue his lectures.
e notice that a beautiful willow
tree in the square of the first Presbyterian
church, has been mutilated in such a man
ner, as to render its death almost a certain
ly. The appearances indicate that some
vagrant animal of the equine or bovine spe
cies committed the depredation. It is a
great shame, that after the trouble and
expense this and the Episcopal congre
gations have been at in adorning and
beautifying the c•ntral portion of our town,
that adequate protect ion from depredators
of all kinds is not afforded them. Let our
borough qinthorities impose such severe pen
alties upon all marauders as will effectually
prevent any injury to these beautiful spots.
SEVERE ACCIDENT.—On Monday last
a boiler in the factory of Cornelius & Baker,
(manufacturers of gas fixtures in Philadel
phia) exploded. A number of persons were
injured, and among them was Mr. Lewis
Robinson a citizen of our town. Mr. R was
In Philadelphia with a lot of horses, and at
the lime of the explosion was standing in
the stable of the Wu , Penn Ilotel, near ono
of his horses. A portion of the boiler was
precipitaied through the stable roof, killing
the horse, and severely injuring Mr. Robin•
son The wounds though extremely—painful
are not considered so serious as to miner
the life of Mr. R.
ge,..Our friend, Mr. J. C. Lesher, who
has distinguished himself so much in the Pho
tographic art, has recently established an en
tire new gallery called the "Carlisle Palace of
Are," situated on the S. E Cor of Main and
Hanover Sts, in Zug's Building, where be will
be able to take all kinds of pictures that the
trade may demand in the most exquisite style.
His lights, both upper and lower, are so con
structed as to render the most pleasing effects,
the subject oat standing or sitting in the full
glare of sun light, but in a sort of twilight
which is so essential in obtaining the soft,
el, ar and well defined drapery in Carte De
Visites. His rooms are large and as many as
go at a time can be aocnimmodated. See his
advertisement in to -day's paper.
Egi..The recent enormous advance in the
price of liquors wines &c. would seem to
suggest increased care and judgment in the
selection of these costly luxuries by those
who must anti will have them at any price.
We would recommend all such to Mr.-1.1. P.
Hazleton, who occupies the popular stand
formerly kept by Geo. Winters, Mr. Hazle
ton's liquors &c, are warranted pure and good,
and will be sold at fair prices. See his card
in this paper.
"BATTLE Or GETIYBBURCL"...-By
vitation the Rev. J. R. Warner, of Gettysburg,
will deliver his popular Lecture, descriptive
of the memorable battle of that place. in
Rheem's Hall, on Monday evening, May 2nd,
fur the benefit of the Soldiers' Aid Society of
this borough. The'Leoture was first delivered
in Philadelphia about two months ago, and it
was then so favorably received, that, Mr. W.
yielded to the unanimous wish of those who
heard it, and afterwards repeated it to a large
audieno in the Academy of Music.
The following testimony by a United States
officer, on that occasion, Is, of iteslf, suffi
cient to, recommend the lecture and zain'the
oetifideutiti,a,s'well as excite the interest of
the public► 6 ,$ I heard Mr._ Warner's demerit) . -
tion of the Batt a of Gettf_itibur:,
here Ina 'Week, apt( I must say I oan hardly
find suitable words to express my admiration
of it, as a vivid, faithful and most impressive
picture of that great event. Nothing that I
have read or beard on the subjeot bss im
pressed me so powerfully, and I trust it will
soon be repeated before a larger audiencio
("Philadelphia Inquirer. Feb. 6,) The Ewalt
paper subsequently describes it as "tbe great
Lecture entertainment of the season.
From another 13 1ly paper we extract Op
following;—" One, excellence gr )poture
was its delivery without once referring to gle
manusoript before hitt. The leoture as per
fectly at home on bill subject.;-t49 sonnettiand
incidents of those three eventful anys'neemed
crowding his' mind with a vividness and fresh,
nose which led • his audience right into the
midst of the battle, Mad the thrilling incidents
assuolated with it. For tone lcmr and, fifty
mintites,• delighted, unwearied, the large au.
!Hence listened with the deepest interest and