Newspaper Page Text
Friday, June 20,,1862.
0. 37 Park now, New York; nod 6
State St. Boston, aro our Agents for tho ilsrtALD,
n those eltioa, and aro authorized to take Advertise
ments and Sul,seriptione for unat our loWeat rates.
People's State Convention
The people of Pennsylvania, who desire cor
dially to,unite in sustaining the National Ad
ministration in its patriotic efforts to suppress
a sectional and unholy rebellion against the
unity of the Republic, and who desire to sup.
port, by every power of the Government, one
hundred thousand heroic brethren in arms,
braving disease and the perils of the field to
preserve-the - Union of our fathers, are request.
od to select the number of Delegates equal to
the Legislative Representation of the State,
at such times and in such manner as will best
respond to the spirit of this call, to meet in
State Convention, at Harrisburg, on Thursday,
the 17th day of Jelly next, at 11 o'clock on
said day, to nominate candidates for the office
of Auditor General, and to take such meas
ures as may be deemed necessary to strength
en to the Government in this season of com
mon peril to a common country. -
A. K. McCLURE,
Chairman of People's State Committee.
GEO. W. HAM MERSLY,
JOHN M. SULLIVAN, !Secretaries.
People's Stite Convettion
The people of Cumberland County who de
sire cordially to Unite in sustaining tho Na
tional Administration in its patriotic efforts to
suppress a sectional and unholy rebellion
against the Unity of the Republic, and who
desire to support, by every power of the Gov
• ernment, one hundred thousand her* broth.
ern in arms, braving disease. and the perils
of the field, to preserve the Union of our
fathers, are requested to meet at their usual
places of holding delegate 'elections with, in
their respective Boroughs and Townships. ON
SATURDAY the 28th of JUNE inst between
the hours of 7 and 9 P. M. in the Boroughs and
in the Townships between 3 and 6 o'clock P.
M. to elect delegates to a County Convention,
to be held at the COURT HOUSE in CAR
LISLE. On Monday, the 30th of JUNE., at
11 o'clock A. M. to elect ONE DELEGATE to
represent Cumberland County in the State Con •
vention, to meet at Harrisburg. on THURS
DAY,. the 17th day of JULY, next, to nomi
nate-candidates for the officers of AUDITOR
GENERAL and SURVEYOR GENERAL_ and
to take such measures as may be deemed nec
essary to strengthen the Government in this
season of common peril to a common country.
JACOB RHEEM, Chairman.
Gsonoe ZINN, Secretary,
Our readers will find 'in to days's paper the
call for the People's County Convention, to be
held on the 30th of this month. It embraces
every man who truly loves the Union, and
who is desirous of crushing out the wicked and
unholy rebellion raised by the slaveholding ar
istooracy of the South. The citizens of Cum
berland county are requested to meet on the
Saturday previous, to choose their delegates.
We trust there will be a general turnout, as
the exigency of the times demand that the best
men should be selected for public positions.
We will have delegates to select to the State
Convention, which body will pines in nomina
tion candidates for Auditor and Surveyor
Generale, to be voted for at the ensuing gen
tral election., It is of vital importance that
we give the Administration and the alrmy
oar cordial approval, by the triumphant elec
tion of the State ticket, pledged to their sup
port. To this end let there be a general ',tun
out to the delegate elections, and good men
chosen from each Borough. and Township to
the County Convention. " Eternal vigilance
is the price of liberty." At no period was
there ever so great a need for the watchful
exercise of this duty as the present.—Americii.
th_ibe. failure of- the- North-
Western Bank, Warren, and the Bank of Cone
merco. Erie, the Lancaster Union aptly says.
the great fault has been in not having a sol
id basis of real capital invested al home, and
in banding over the Banks to be operated by
speculators from New York and other States.
There can bo no safety in such operations as
there is no security for the public among
whom their notes circulate. The mischief
can be prevented by a strict application of
the Free System, which, successful in New
York, must be safe here, and prevent the notes
of the institutions from becoming worthless
in the hands of the holders."
_7IIE STATE HOSPITALS, heretofore in
charge of Surgeon General Smith, and which
were devoted exclusively to the care of sick
and wounded Pennsylvanians, have been, by
order of Gov.' Curtin, turned over to the con
trol and direction of the Surgeon General of
the United States Army. This was done in
order that widows and orphans of soldiers
who die may not bo deprived of pensions from
the General Government, as they would bo if
in charge of the State. It is hardly proable,
since this arrangement has has been made,
that a Hospital will be established in Carlisle.
The points nearer to the theatre of war will
most likely be chosen for this purpose.
eft is stated that Colonel Long of the
the rebel service, who was oaptured at Chick
ahominy, was a Lieutenant in the United
States army, and resigned to join the rebels.
lie is a son•in-law of Brigadier General Sum
--Clitieria Sumner has Ontotker son-in:law
McLane—in the rebel service, who was, sing
nlarly enough, seized - with paralysis at Bull.
Earnioanntour SOITEBIE Of A FORGER FOIL
BD:—On Monday, a week ago, J. Buchanan
Cress, a notorious forger, who is serving a
term of imprisonment in the Eastern Peniten
tiary of Pennsylvania, bad succeeded in ad
dressing a letter to the 11. S. Marshal of Phil
adelphia, purporting to •have come from the
Assistant Secretary of War, Mr. Watson, ask
ing for the immediate release of the prisoner
himself, as be "was wanted to be used on
special bminess by the War Department; that
helms to he sent South, and that his speedy
release was desirable." The Marshal went
through all the , forms direoted the letter,
and with -a Deputy Marshal, got: the prisoner
(Grose) piit.of th&Penitentlari and took him
to Washington, to the Office of the Secretary
of War, 'where the party astonished Seoretary
Stanton and his Assistant, the latter pro
nouncing the letter to. the Marshal to be a
forgery._ Mr. Cross's intention was to •effoot
his eiespe froin the Marshal, but he was un.
DumasNl, anifis now back In his old quar
ters at the Penitentiary.
Sariane LOST B THE FL004.--As far as
oknovin e rtinelives werqlo:st in. Lebanon cone
tybi great flooii of list week.
The, ♦iotime , Wdriti, ell owept ti.Witiy with the
houses in whioir the either liveCorhtt'd'titten
a 4 crilp*:-ITh isT6rth • .WHozaitern - Bank.
of thirrim, Ciitarren ionatiy is rgliorled
to have failed : A Vargo nntohoi -smog
hills of that Bank hive kieen
in this •iieinity iocentiy, and . . Ourreaders,
-should, he 'on their guard ` against 'receiving
Wen. • ! • • ' " •
Tho,Domooratie:editora throughout the en=
Lice country are, etigaged'in oairying an a
series of attacks upon tho:li,epublican party,.
with the design of.prejudising thoonsinds of
the people agnia'stit aid therebi:seettre their
votes at the neat eleetiort..' These giintioniors,
laving been , long ticouetometrte.reeeive fat
salaries from the Government' for their inval
uable services very natutally feel uncomfort
ably at being deprived of then', and hence are
making the most strenuous and disT norable
efforts - to secure them again. Ever number
of their papers teems with franti abuse of
Republican leaders, and false statements con
cerning the' present. condition of the country
and the causes which have produced and are
prolonging the war against the Government.
These remarks have been called forth by an
article which appeared last week in the Vol
unteer, having fOr Its caption "le tt Madness
or Treason." The article Asserts that the
continued resistance of the Rebels, after hav
ing suffered so. many reverses, is caused by
the statements contained in Republican pa
pers—" incendiary publications, thousands of
which can be found indite most remote Southern
States." To' believe this would require con
siderable effort, even from one who was ac
customed to rend and believe the statements
of Democratic editors. How do these "incen
diary publications" get South ? Does the
editor not know that, since we have got rid of
Democratic Post Masters, mail communication
with the Rebels has entirely ceased 1 How
then, do they obtain these papers ? The edi
tor has asserted, times without number, that
the great majority of the officers and men of
the Union army are Democrats, This army
now completely environs the Southern States.
Does the editor insinuate that the army sup
plies the rebels with this " incendiary" litera
ture 1 Does ho accuse McClellan, Halleck,
Burnside, Butler, Wool and McDowell, with
Bending these papers South? If these Aboli•
tion journals are circulated by thousands
throughout the South, some person or persons
must do it. Will the editor please inform us
who are guilty ?
The nest assertion is that "the course pur
sued by Abolition journals and speakers has
oust us hundreds of Millions of treasure and
thousands of valuable lives." This statement
is abotit as refreshingly cool as the other.—
Does not every ono know that every State in
the Southern Confederacy, was, at the time of
its going out ofthe Union, and for many years
previous, intensely Democratic Is it not a
fact, which no- man will, or can dispute, that
the whole Confederate Government - is compo
sed of men who have always been feaders in
the Democratic party ? If the course pursued
by Abolition journals and speakers has cost
us "hundreds of millions and thousands of
valuable lives," we would like to know how
much money and how many lives the attemp
ted establishment of the Southern Confederacy
has cost us. If the speeches of Sumner, Love
joy and Philips, and the Proclamation of
Hunter have done -so much harm, we would
ke the Volunteer to estimate the injury done
the nation by the treason of Floyd, Thompson,
Cobb, Davis, Brecki nridge and a host of others
whom the Democratic press elevated to power,
and whose speeches, rank with treason, it has
Scattered broadcast ovor the land.
After a number of States had acceded and
every one 9111 s that an attempt...was being wade
to subvert the Government; and that a war for
s preservation was unavoiiable, what was
the conduct of these Democratic editors who
sow denounce as traitors all who do not be-
iieve that the preservation of the Governmen
can be effected only by the extension and per
petuation of slavery Dui they not, witl
but few exception+, condemn the ndministra
lion for taking av measures to maintain its
authority Did. they not denounce every-net
L df the President as unconstitutional and
rannical ? Did they not sustain Breekinridge
and their attempts 10 weaken
the Governmcnt trod to facilitate its overthrow
by the repels ? Numbers or them repeatedly
aqeerled that il Lincoln would withdraw from
Washington every thing would he right; and
some even wont so far as seriously to advise
the adoption of the Confederate Constitution.
It might be supposed that wither record, Iron
sonable as this against them, they would be
the very last to charge any ono with commen•
cing or prolonging the war. But such is their
antipathy to the Republican party and their
hunger for office, that they daily charge us
wills committing the very offences they have
committed, and with prolonging a war, for
the commencement and continuance of which,
they, and those with whom they have always
acted, should be and will be held responsible.
" le [his madness or villainy? "
A GORRILT.A.-A friend of ours, living
not a hundred miles from here, meeting the
little son of a neighbor a few days ago, ac•
coated the little fellow with—
"Well, Willie, you're a good Union man
ern% you 7"
"No Sir lu Said Willie emphatically,
greatly to the surprise of our friend ; but the
father of the child, coming up at that time,
our friend told him that his son disclaimed
being a Union man
"Yes," said the father, "Willie's no Union
man—he's a Democrat."
Our friend's rejoinder was, "That though
very poor Union men, Sather • Bitehamini-
Floyd, Cobb, Thompson, Toucep, Black,
Jeff. Davie, Yancey, and every leading trai
tor in the country, are Democrats." The
father left with a Ilea in hispear.—Chambers•
EXPtILSION FO MR. VALLANDIDIIAISI ASKED
FOR.-Mr. Gurley presented a petition, a few
days mo o from 633 citizens of Cincinnati,
Ohio, asking for theexpuleioh of the Hon. C.
L. Vallandigham front the House of Hepre
eenatives, the petitioners believing him, no
they declare,- to be a traitor to his country
and a disgrace to the State of Ohio. Their
Opinion will probably not be rendered more
favorable by a perusal of the resolution which
he introduced lately.
Mr. Shellabarger of Ohio, also presented
a memorial . to the. House, on Thursday last,
from citizens of (lark county, Ohio, paying
that Representative Vallandighain •ho expelled
froth' the House as a traitor to hie country and
a disgrace to the State of Ohio.
Tin Ohio State Board of Agricultural offers
a premium of slooo.to the' first person who
shall - have planted . within the State of Ohio,.
no less than five' sores of sugar boots, and
manufaotured therefrom no less than 6000
ponds of good brown sugar, and a specimen
of white sugar not lose than' 20_ poubdeln a
single unsuppreseed blook
Gen. Ileauregard's report of.the battle
of ,PiLtsburg.Larilliug has been publlehtid.- .
llo' - olalnts a vlptor?an Sunday, end that ho
batr. Ip good order oti Monday,-before
fresh troops vid greatty superior foreei4 •dIo
gives•thO,easualties as follows -•
to'state 01(4 our losit in the
Aro daYs , in; tint •‘.lrilled oUirighttwas 1,728;
Nit 01113 ded, sgs
ol'or‘ekialtlge of 104490.
• 'Red Dog."
In contradistinction to that peenliardoscrip
tion of • currency known as "wild cat," - we .
have had introduced to our notice, a - new
candidate for public consideration, which
has been formally dubbed "red dog." ':The..
former name has been applied to that claSs
of institutions, whose location and place of
business, are purely imaginary—a per'ect
myth. So that if being possessed of a hat
full of these elegantly engraved, and highly
colored pictures, you—fondly believing that
they represent so much coin—attempt to
so convert them, find that you have been
laboring under a most unpleasant delusion.
If, growing indignant, you determine to
investige and expose the swindling concern
that fathers them; and in pursuance of-this
laudable intention, start in pursuit of the
-aforesaid hanlw, you -will return to your-,
family with the uncomfortable conviction
that you have been chasing a Will 0' the
Wisp, and have been successful, only in
spending for traveling expenses, just abotit
as much good money, as .your "wild cal,-
Tho "red (log," article IS manipulated in
this wise ;—a bank, after having succeeded
in Issuing a large amount of its own notes,
combines with the brokers to depreciate its
character for solvency. The consequence
is that down goes the Credit Of the bank,
and up goes the 'discount on the notes.
When the thing has gone on far enough to
make the buying up of them a profitable
jnvestment, the bank and its broker friends
purchase•all they can get at an enormous.
shave—ndividing the profits between them.
It is simply and nakedly bald faced, atro.
cious robbery, and the perpetrators deserve
a snug place ln the penitentiary for their
villainy. We give below the names of the
banks said to belong to this species. There
may be some exceptions among them, but
we doubt it. We would advise those of our
readers who are so unfortunate as to have
any of this money, not to submit to the
enormous shave asked upon it, as the prac
tice has been, after having bought up all
that can conveniently be had, the interested
parties will make an effort to bt•ing it up to
par, in order to issue it again, and again
decry it, for the satne'disgraceful purpOse.
We ned scarcely advise those who have noene
pow, to stubbornly refuse the issues of any
of the following banks:—North Western
Bank of Warren, Crawford County Bank,
Tioga County Bank, Warren County Bank,
Northinnberland County Bank. Bank
Pi,tston, Lawrence County Bank, McKean
Agitation of the Slavery Question.
Strange as it may seem there are persons,
and newspapers that still utter lamentations
over the "agitation of.. the slavery question"
whenever allusion is made to the cause of this
war. Notwithstanding the whole rebellion—
according to the declaration of the rebels
themselves--is for the extension and the es
tablishment of a purely slaveholding confed
eracy ; notwithstanding every gun fired by
the rebels declare this war to be for slavery,
there are still men in the loyal States who
condense any allusion to it on the part bf loy
al tongue or press. The absurdity is mani
fest. It is like the puny arm of man at
tempting to stay the whirlwind or to diredt
the war of the elements,
Suppose the war ends and slavery remains
the same way it is ? Will that termipate ag
itation? Ys there any possible way in which
a compromise (multi prevent free discussion
on the subject 1 The very id , a is an absurd•
ity. Whoever advocates a settlement that
will leave slavery Anton.:lied, does lids part
towards continuing an agitation on the sub_
jest, which will increate in intensity and gain
stre-igth by the cruelties and the sacrifices of
the war: -The blood of the martyrs i 8 the
seed of the church," and every northorn'sol•
dier who has met death at the hands of sla
very's defenders, will produce an hundred
fold in the shape of undisguised opponents of
thewhole system. As long as slavery exists
agitation will continue. This connot exist
"half slave and half free." It, must become
all one or the other. No greater truth was
uttered. It will ha a work of time, but the
result must be, freedom for every human
btiqg in the land. Until that time arrives
opponents of slavery will continne.—Cheater
The following from the Louisville
Journal, gives a graphic account of the mortal
wounding of Capt. Huon McCunnocu, (since
dead) of our county. C9teitf McC. was an
honorable man, a good citizen, and died enga
ged in the noblest 'cause over a martyr offered
up his life for :
Guerillas in Kentucky.
Attack on the Ninth Pennsylvania Cavalry.
With a eharacteristic energy General Boyle
has made every preparation to clear southern
Kentucky of marauding bands. The Demo
crat has accounts that three hundred guerillas
have, been in Clinton county committing all
kinds of depredations, and . that about one
hundred of them still remained there. Some
five or six citizens have been murdered, per
haps more; all the best horses taken; the
plows and hoes stopped, and crops turned out
--I.letter to • the Democrat states that Colonel
Williams is at Glasgow, arid lhat 'Maj. Jordan
left there on Friday night, with one hundred
and twenty-five men, to reinforce Captain
McCulloch, at Tompkinsville, Monroe county.
On Thursday evening Capt AlcCullooh, with
fifty men, on a scouting expedition, enoamp•
od about half a mile off the main road, near
Burnet's Landing, on the Cumberland river,
about eight miles beyond 'l`,napkinsvillo. On
Friday moriaing,while they were preparing
for the march, \three rebels approached the
pickets, who fired at them and pursued them
into the woods that skirt the main road.—
Capt.. McCulloch and his command followed
When a few hundred yards from the road th`o
rebels poured ip a volley of about sixty guns,
mortally wounding Captain "MoC. and three
• The rebels wero driven frent, thoir ambush,
and were pursued •,te a, largerneeting beetle,
where the main body, under illimilten, , For-.
gueon; Bledsoe rind - McHenry, mere .enearrip.
ed. , The Pennsylvaninne, finding theinselves
- outnumbered ten to one, retreated-to -Temp kinsyille, and sent, for reinforoementa. The
rebels linit,twe killed and severe,' wounded:—
Hamilton is said to have, beep brained with'
the butt of a pistol, He, ,Was attericpting to
shoot a sergeant, but hie piece failed 'tire.=
The, sergeant advanced, firing with navy'
pistol until loads- were= exhausted-, -
spurring on to him, knocked:him in the lrend,
These guerillas•were on - their way. to. Glasgow
rind Cave City. Clinton: county is-fareated by
bruids of thievea; who . ' scorn to nYmpaihtze
with bisith sections of the country, :Ptirtiee
claiming to be Union•men coinralt,the•grent oat
_murages upon the. rights of—these-.whoni-they
_Whitt to iijunder.—Loitieville.Jour. 0/h..
nia;,..The . following- from the qarriaborg
Tetegraph . ii,eetie.no comment.. 'lt Waifs alalot ,
which we liaye aeverra 'Limps ventured to as
sort, 'and whiM; we ire.noin plt*Bed, to'haou
demonstrated. . -
"From a careful compilation. of tho`ortny
vole in I he,4itfercint, camps, cootaining:•VenTh'
wo have ,been eitabletEtC arrive at
facts aridguree:‘,hi_ciii' conipletply overturn
the claims of bemecialikf.politiOialie at 'this
thne, that tho army ic
or adhereate_of_the_D emo cralle _party. -We
have tre - ,ChfditiPti Ole from fifty•five counties,
derived-from the official sources, aitd-the fol
)otsl4,ltr,thp rOsiilt.mt present,o by' these re
11:efinblidap, - • 9,870
Derhoe,ratic, • 1,860
Republinen excess, 7,
Eleven catintles.have tont been lieard rrom,
sic of which are [tenni*.Henn and five Demo•
critic. The rettirtis front the-e counties, al
lowing the seine proportion as in counties
reported, Will largely increase this•vote, so
that when the aggregate is exhibited, it will
be seen that instead of the Democracy com•
posinglhe mai n . strength of our armies, they,
are actually fait, behind the Republicans in
that brXrieli of the governthent service.
" . Corrospoodeneo of tho CARLISLE /iF.RALD."
LETTER FROM NEBRASKA
, The folloi6iug letter eioth a foimir towns
man, who is at, present en route tor the gold
- regions of - Salitio - a . Nevada -- territory, -
will be fotind replete with interest to those of
our readers, who are fond of adventure. We
expect to publish letters from this party,
from time to this, as they progress, and be
speak for our readers, some rich treats in the
way of interesting information of a compar
atively unexplored country, strongly seasoned
with a spice of romance :
It did not.talto long to decide whether we
would go by the- northern route, up Red riv
er, and across to the mountains, or the
southern one by Des Moines, Omaha, and
Fort Larainie. One of our party had been
with Col. Nobles in his exp.,dition to the Red
river, and beyond, in the summer of 1839,
and his experience was of almost impassable
swamps, over which there was notrack, and
no guide but the compass. Of wild and hoe.
. isle Indians, ready to accuse, adjudge and
execute yon as trespassers and mulct you In
your scalps-for the damages. There were
ito . depois Of provisions, no blacksmiths to
repair the wagons, no opportunity to replace
sick or dead animals. We determined to
take the southern route, because it, was the
main, travelled one—because we would
have plenty t.f company, good route, and
there would be less danger of starvation before
reaching our destination. Many English
and Canadians have gone by the northern
route, and I shall wait anxiously for news o f
their safe arrival at Carib° and Salmon riv_
Seven of us left Minneapolis Minnesota, on
the 13th of May. There were besides„,iny
self, Dr. C. L. Anderson, who was botanist
and geologist in Nobles' expedition, refered
to above, and whose'refect picture may be
seen in the account of th it ans.basis, in the
Harper's Magazine fur August and Octob r,
1860, over the legend, "Our botanist study
ing grasses"; Buxton, an English soldier,
who gradtated from the army as full corpor
al, a l ter having seen service fir twenty
years in England, Canada, Spain, Portugal,
Africa, Turkey, 'Lilian islands and el Se
where. After the manner of our country.
men, wellave intensified his title to Major
General. His speciality is to cook and take
care of the animals, John, a tough Indian
pony, Ned and Bill the mules, and Hamut
the clog. These animals (I mean, of the
genus equis and genus cams) are worthy of
honorable mention, as our companions
They contribute as much towards the sue
cess of the expedition, as the animals of the
genus homo, not only in in Use e, but also in
brains, for in traversing such roads as we
found in southern Minnesota and portions of
lowa, mule-sense and ex-sense are prefer
able to ma.•-sense. Travelling day by day
with a tea nn, ramping out wiLb them, eating
with them ofT the same table, the beautiful
green sward; thinking out of same streams;
sharing alike labor and rest, exposed equal
ly to-sun and rain, a sympathy and mutual
affection are sure to be fostered. You talk
to them, you consult wilh them about the
passability of a marsh or a fen. They are
stimulated' by your words of encouragement,
and grateful for your approval when they
have don well. Don't scruple Mr. Edi
tot, 0 v 7. em_ ire print —.core ekregi4us
asses that they have been thus honored.
Bilt, our-Pike's Peale mule, wears a counte
nance of "gra7e nd stern decorum." He
is of the "1.114 a bit" sort ; and his opinion
of the depth of a c/mck hole, er in regard to
the speed with -which - we sheuld go tip - - hill
or down, is nnqu slionalde. Ned his col
league, is of a ditf,rent temperament.
is of the "pitch in" sort No fence can con.
line hint. but he wit come at a whistle
They are severally, good examples of the
grand and gay, the Sober and the volatile :
41re will 4ave occa,iou to mention them
Southern Minnesota is the fag end there •:
of. We followed the principal roads through
the sellleatealv. They lead chiefly over
dead prairies and bottomless swamps. Na.
lure seemed tb have issued her writs of w:
exeal in every direction to detain us good
citizens of the state aforesaid. We came
through sloughs, shoos and slows (all pro
flounced alike.) Acccrding to the orthog
raphy of lowa and /Minnesota, the first are :
mud holes or swamps, through which . your
animals can wade, up to the knees, getter- I
ally, and drag the wagon and passengers
with theta. Sloos are something worse.
The passengers must get out, and, them
selves deep in water and mire, assist to push
the wagon along: But slews, par excellence,
are muddy places in which you lose sight of
your mules, and have to 'eel about in the
mire fop their ears, and then drug them out.
IVe got into ono of the last, a few miles
Borth of this city of Fort Des Moines, and
were drawn out installments, by an extra
team, first„one mule, then the other, and
finally the wagon.
In both Minnesota and lowa, we overlook
and passed great numbers of emigrants,
bound some for .oregon, sonic for Washiug
ton, some tar California. Most, however,
are undecided as-to their final destination.
They are possessed with an instinct to mill
grate,sotneWhere, as the bees are of one to
swarm audio ve the hive. The long, severe
winters in 'Minnesota and lowa, the distance
from market and hard times are given
as the reasons for quitting the country, and
they are cogent onus eartainly. The Aoki
heavy winds, proceeding directly from the
Artie regions, unbroken by mountains or tim
ber, come rolling over these praries like
water. The majority. of lowa farmers must
carry thetr'produee from fifty to one hitodred
miles to market,—and such markets : Where
no canons. of trade are s known or respected,
and where its sellers` or purclvers, they aro •
at the inertly of the merchant. Thoustands of
bushels of ;pleat, in the interior of lowa, can.
be bought today for twenty cents a bushel.
They,--Gannet realize money enough to pay
Most of these tiMigrants have with them
their families: No matter how ugly or ecarae
or (woes a frilloW may be, he can find some
woman 'willing to travel the road of.life with
hire. The,abildren have a hard time of it.—
They ,mtust, have their slumbers broken earlier
than they Should be, as It is nederisary for the
teems to travel In the tmol of the day, morn
About a hundred miles north of Fort bets
Moines , 'l; , ,fortad_o_.Pennsylvania Dutahnian,
from filiahabersburg. lie had not,
dozen word s , beforel pronounced him from
hislingo, - tridia a Peririsylianian. It is very
easY l ,l,o dl iaguisb, onr.:natiye tongue,when
traveling atneng strangers, - Then aro-a. thou
einitifonsehtild' Phfarms arid - Words which be
tristlin speaker . at one°. One nevor beers
the eXpresslons every which haild
i • UPOingi Wit !idea he b. 'fair questiOn;"
f'_thop-your,yammering," ~ ,not word out of
head possible &0., except from
trlUatter Serache, mutterl,aut,
, 71110 so.vrosiossam, su tritut I ,
. grates Won, dos ralr orschallet, •
• Huosp,wo itett..lloboe Wort,
• ..:Ertteil On), use lets selatat,
_ !Chemist owl* in mil tort—
, • •
Aohl;le trlob.l/ molnem Sinn, • •
Aar Jinni da bin,
mann tat ttecouie uzuneeia üben,
Frenl(ko.Worte brauchou muss
Dltylcht ntrnme.indsr .
Klingen wio otu Clitym" ,
09 fold (II:J . (1,1(0y ere arid n, 41. ! Sop :
der; lived within 4 - fo* miles "of town ; Vol
ro f urs truly,
_Corrospondonce-of-theA . -CARciput. ll sntoX
HEAD QUARTEEE, AEMY OF VIE POTOMAC,
Banks of the Chickahominy, Va.,
P. R C., June 18, 1862. •
Hr. Editor—Fla:lling-at present a little leis
ure, during' our halt on this side of
the river, I thought' a few lines, by way of
information to ?your• many venders, of the
present whereabouts of the ',Reserves" since
our last move, Would not be uninteresting.—
If you think whiff I send 'you worth a place in
your columns you can insert it. Wo are at
present on the eastern side of the Chickaho
miny, a little less than a mile from the stream,
waiting for the arrival of the remainder of
our Division; as yet but. the lot Brigade, un
der the command of Brig. Gen. Reynolds, has
arrived. We expect the rest here to-day or
tomorrow. On Sunday evening last we re
ceived orders to leave Fredericksburg, and
report to Gen. McClellan. It was not long
before the Ist Brigade was ready, and wo took .
1 night march to a lending some eight or nine
miles down the Rappahannock, at which place
we bivouacked on the ground, taking the dust
of — the public road for our beds. The next
morning we marched down to the river and
there beheld a tine flotilla of Steamboats
ready to take us off. Of course it was some
'time beft,re the whole Brigade were shipped,
but it was not long after noon when the whole
convoy steamed down the river.. We had it
fine and pleasant the first day's ride, and to
wards evening anchored near Chesapeake bay.
The day following it was dull and stormy, so
much so that the pilots of the boats had to
" hold up" before entering the bay for fear of
the storm. This lasted, however, but tiTew
hours, when we tried it again with a fairer
prospect, and succeeded iu reaching York
river where we again laid over for the night.
We reached White Mouse Landing in the af
ternoon of the third day, and encamped along
the railroad leading to Richmond, about halt'
a mile from the river. Our last day on the
water was very fine. Company H. (Carlisle
Light Infantry) did not accompany the regi
ment,-being detained to assist in attending to
the baggage We took passage on the Hunter
in advance of the regiment and encamped
with CoMpanies C and D, several hours pre
vious to ,the arrival of the Juniata. The
health Of the lot regiment during the trip was
good beyond expectation. Although pretty
well rocked in the bay there were but few
cases of sea sickness.
The next morning after landing we moved
on to the Chicahorniny, making a march of
eleven miles tinder a hot sun, the men carry
ing their knapsacks. The probability is that
as soon as our dlvision gets together we will
cross the river and proceed at once to the left
of Gen. McClellan's advance. It is said we
are to take the place of Casey's division. I
hope our luck will be different. At present
McClellan is gathering a large fordo around
him ; several divisions have, preceded us. and
no doubt the coming battle will employ more
troops than any recorded of Modern times It
is not, likely that anything will be don... this
week as Burnside lies yet to operate with no,
but the end of the week coming will show the
world whether Richmond is to stand or full,
or whether there will or will not be a Smth
ern Confederacy. Thus far the Penna Re
serves have boon foiled in their attempts to
get, into a fight, but at present things look
very sanguine for a real 'telling encounter.—
The Reserves feel in grand trim fur the con
filet, and we have every reason to believe that
they, like all the other sons of the Keystone,
will sustain their country's honor in the coin
ing struggle. The health of the Carlisle buys
in Company Id is good, and their spirits are
equal to those of any other Company in the
lot Captain Davin, and Limits. Stuart and
'Waggoner, are at their posts as closely as
ever as we near the enemy, and they will not
be found wanting when the men under them
are to b'e led into action. Before this reaches
the eyes of your readers the great trausac -
tion may have been performed. and some, well
' known 111 Carlisle, probably will have passed
front the company of their comrades. That the
Ipending battle will settle this war forever is
• the wish of the soldiers as well as those tar
away from the scene.
Yours, W. 11. lelui.r.y.
Comp. IL Ist Rog. P. R. V. t
Mr. Pierce, government agent of cotton
lands in South Carolina, - has arrived at
IVashington. Our forces under Gem 13en
ham occupy JailieS un liar
bor. Thirty thousand men, of Bcauregard's
finny have reached Charleston. Our thmt
will not attack the city till reinforcemenla
It is reported that the rebels ha r burnt
Vicksburg. Many families are leaving
Memphis fur the north
The litteA dispatch from Gen. Hailed:
was dated Thursday evening. Beiturgaril
is reported to have been with the ienotois of
his army on Saturday The rebel army is
represented as being greatly disorganized
Large numbers of men who relused to serve
after the exoiration of the term of their en
list have been shot. The rebels have
destroyed. every kind of valuable pcQ.per
in their retreat, and stripped the wholecoun
try south of Corinth of feud, causing great.
distress and famine.
The Department of the :Mississippi has
been extended so as to inclu the, s whole ()I'
Tennessee and Kentucky. The Mountain_
Department is extended eastward to the
road running from Williamsport and Mar
tinsbug, Winchester, Strasburg, Harrison.
burg, and Stanton, including that place, and
from thence in the seine direction southward
until it reaches the Blue Ridge to the South.
ern boundary of Virginia. The Department
of the Shenandoah is extended eastward to
include the Piedmont and the Bull range.
The Governors of the several States are
authorized to issue certificates of transporta
tine to volunteers who are absent from their
regiments, and fit fur duty, to enable them
It is ordered that all medical officers held
by the United States shelf be immediately
and unconditionally discharged.
Gen. Pettigrew, of South Carolina, who
was wounded and taken prisoner at Fair
Oaks; at the Monument House Baltimore.
Cho battle.fought on the 9th instmt, near
Port Republic, has been named •the Cross
Keys. The rebels lull five hundred dead,
many wounded, and two guns on the field.
The rebel rear guard crossed the Shemin
cloak at Port Republic on the morning of
An office has been opened at 194 Broad
way, New York, where parties having con
nections among the sick and wounded
soldiers attached to the Pennsylvania regi•
merits may obtain inform tion in relation to
them. Letters may be directed to Steward
Newhall, C. W. Barton, or other members
of the committee.
The banks of'Sorfolk, and other corpora.
Lions issuing shinplasters, are to have their
currency immediately redeemed oil presen
tation at par.
There eeema to be a screw loose at Camp
Chase, Tor rebel prisoners are constantly
escaping The Irish brigade is about to
leaec for Annapolis, Md. r.
Quinine is selling at $2O an ounce Salis
hurYi .0:' Epsom salts bring $1 an
The total number of prisoner% now in
- Como - Douglas, - Chieligo,ieB.9o,.
Private John McMahon, of Company F,
99th New York regiment, WAS hung at
Fortress Monroe, yesterday, lorwilful mur
der. at the Rip Raps. Patrick Flarity, Co.
F, and John Dillon, Co. H. who were sen
.tenced to be shot for Bleeping at their posts,
'had their - aentence reinitted.
Information has -been received by the
Africa that two, steamers, loaded with. pow
der -and stores, were about to leave Queetin:
town:. for Nassau •wit.h the intention £4l
- running the, blockade, It is said that the
'general political feeling in England is,„ in
'favor of the. south. 'ln Ireland all classes
are're'presented'as heinkTin favor -Or the
Feireral_gover : pinont,• -
:Secession syrnpathliors in liiinnphisitre
:coming more.nold:in.:Alni expression df their
sentiments. Allappljettnts, for passes otr.per
,mits to shiri. , gotids,-are. inquired ,- to tako. , the
oath • of alleginnbe. If, is reported . that 'the
of Oernith, deft ',for 'A:rkansas !will 'all-the
!treopn ' from . that . Stato.,, Alen.' Pope has
reached Okoloria. Seitngtrard and Price are
still-retreating. Jeff. d'hompso,n was at Gran--
da with less than -thottearid' med. The roll.
lug . Stock 'of-) tin Ittentphis - and Ohio TailrOads
w. , C R
is all at - Pfinola.' -- The - Post - otTmelitid AHnms
express oltfeehave been opened in Memphis.
Two eteamers"lett on SAttirday for SL Louis,
loaded with cotton, sugar and Molasses.
Some merchants artileaving for eastern cities.*
'Notice has been
.given-to each of the vari
ous churches in Washington, without regard
to'donomination, that their buiblings will be
used for military purposes if accessary.
'Arrangements have been made for' proMpt
ly furnishing General Vretnont's Army with
the requisite commissary and quartermaster's
The health of NeW Orleans up to the Ist
inst. was generally good. The sugar pinata
tions below the city look well. The pilots
and towboats are resuming their vocation be
tween the city and the Southwest Pass. 'The
rebels are rported to have about 75,000 effec
live troops around Richmond.
Secession reports, from Winchester state
that Jackson has fallen back to some defen
Bible point., and received a reinforcement of
70,000 men, 10,000 of whom were to keep
Fremont engaged while the remainder were
to march the valley west of North mountain,
cut Fremont off and sweep him up the
The report is not credited by our officers.
Major General Ord passed through Louis
ville on Saturday en route for Cornith.
The Santa Fe mail, with dates to the Ist
inst., arrived at Kansas City on Saturday.
A skirmish had taken place near Fort Craig,
between a company of Colorado troops and II
body of Texans The latter had four killed.
It is reported that Fort Morgan, below
Mobile, surrendered on the 29th ult. to Com
modore Porter's mortar fleet.
A letter from Nassau states that eleven fa t
iron steamers, Captain Semmes, and other
officers of the Sumter, were there on the 9th
The rebels at Charlestown have nearly ready
for launching two steel-plated rams.
Nearly $6OOO worth of provisions and mo
ney have been subscribed at St. Louis for the
starving southerners about Corinth.
The enemy at Richmond made extensive
movements on Saturday. Large bodies moved
towards the late battle field. Our pickets
were driven in from Old Church. A sharp
engagement took place, and lasted about
A lumber of prominent citizens, living be
tween New Kont Court House and the Chicks
hominy, have been arrested on suspicion of
communicating with the enemy.
A rebel post-office, fifteen miles south of
Norfolk, which had been a link of communi
cation between Norfolk and Richmond, was
broken up last Friday.
The feeling between the military authori
ties of Norfolk and the citizens is improving.
A dozen Union shooners are in the port load
ing and discharging. ,
hority has been given to raise a regi
tent of volunteers at Portsmouth, for the war.
A very general gloom prevails amoug the
people of Soffalk on ;10001.1nt or uncertainty
in reference to the fate of their sops in the
Business nt \lemphes itt Slowly reviving.
$30.000 wet th ul renel property has been al
ready seizc:,.l A.:,out $160,000 worth o of cot
t , sugar, &c . • urc supp,,ed to I,r concealed.
M.any ahsentoeß are returning. The Mayor
and Councils arc of Union sentiments Con
federate scrip and post. statoi.s are exchanged
with difficulty and caution. The Custom
will be shortly opened. About thirty
applieati,ms by citizens were wade for the
postmastership. Put little activity yet pre
vatli among the shippers The Veiled States
Navy yard and buildings have been taken pos
fieqsion of in the name of the government, and
will he the headquarters of the fleet. A reg
iment of Indiana troops have arrived There
is no sign of thetleet i.tarting down the river.
From tho Army of the Potomac
The hate Movements of, the Rebels--
They Sneeeed in Frlghotenlng the
his - Mans.
Hradquarters of the Army of the P o to m a c ,
Saturday evening. June 14 —To the Associated
p re ,. :_The rebels yesterday, after driving
from Oldyhtirch a squadron of the sth cav
alry. proceede*to Garlick's (landing, on the
l'amunkcy river, about four miles above the
White House, whore they burnt two schooners
an I s,!veral wagons. and drove off the mules
Their conduct at this point is represented as
having been harharons. They killed several
of our teatosters'.'without any necessity.—
Those who failed 111 making their escape were
They then pro..eeded to Tun.tatil's Station,
four Mlles trout the White (louse, with the
view or burning the railroad bridge. A train
which was passing down at.t.M.; time was fired
into trntl 11V7/ of The - p:te's . erigers . were )tilled
awl several wounded.
A eu until belonging to the Excelsior Ikri
gale was taken prisoner, but he succeeded in
malting ltiv E'swipe, during the night. A pay.
roaster jumped from he train and hid himself
in !be woods until morning, leaving $125.000
In the ears The train never stopped, but
nas.ed on to the White House, which it reached
Alter destroying the telegraph wire at that
point they proceeded to Balt imortrwcoss roads.
near New Kent Court ILmse, on their way to
Richmond, crossing, the Chickahominy be
tweet' Bottom's bridge and the James river,
about 2 o'clock this morning
The force that accomplished this was com
posed of 1.100 cavalry and six pieces of artil
lery, under Gen. Stuart. ifost of the troops
were resilents of this locality, and therefore
worn nu strangers to the roads.
At White House, which is a rendezvous of
sutlers and venders of small wares, a regular
stampede took place. Lieut. Col. Ingalls, the
commandant at that post., had all his troops
ordered out and posted iu favorable positions
to resist any attack that might be made.
The mail boat Nellie B tker, which left this
morning. was crowded with hangers on of the
army and civilians, who have come to the
conclusion that Fortress Monroe is of a more
At Old Church the reb,ds had in reserve six
regiments of infantry with artillery.
As soon as the facts were known a pursuit
by our cavalry was immediately ordered ; but
the enemy having so much of a start we only
succeeded in capturing five of them.
Several arrests have been made of citizens
within our lines on suspicion of having given
information to the enemy.
The Richmond papers of the 12th slate that
3000 prisoners, taken by Gen. Jaeksow from
Gen.• Banks, left on Wednesdiv.sfor Salisbury,
N. C It also state§ that of the 142 of our
wounded that fell into (heir hands at the bat
tle of Fair Oaks, nine have since died, and the
balance are in the Liberty Prison Hospital.
[This dispatch repeats the news from
Charleston contained in tha - Telegrarri !rem —
Memphis, which is published to-day.]
LATE NEWS FROM THE SOUTH
THE FIGHT AT POCOTALIGO
Wo give below an account of the fight, ta
ken from the Savannah News of Friday :
" The enemy landed frOm their gunboats,
yesterday morning, one thousand to fifteen
hundred strong, nod suddenly advanced tow
ards the lino of the Savannah and Charleston
road. They had advanced as far as Old Po
cotaligo, about a mile and a half from -Ole road.
when they were met by the Rutledge Mounted
Riflemen, numbering , ninety Mob. when a
sharp skirmish ensued.' The riflemen, being
the only troops, hold the 'Yanked* bay for
some time,ftgliting them at short range actress .
the voad:;Just - before reinforclinente ar
rived, the enemy made a precipitate retreat
in the direetiorrof_their..gunboatepurs_uaby_
Colonel Walker, with a body of cavalry, who
came upon the ground just as the enemy re-.
' • The Rutledge Mounted• Riflemen, who,
:0-11r_informantanyg, 1110_0_ Jlis__ft.riit of the
fight on 'one Side to themselves, lost one 'Man
:killed end three Wounded, With,leine.or
laken prisoners by, the,Yankees,' who are re•
ported to have had three men killed. Colonel
Walker, of the cavalry, bad, . his horse shot
..I , 4,ll,ootippearanee of the enemy at that
point Was sudden and unexpreted, and their
retreateo precipitate that our troops did not
have an opportunity to punish their temerity.
The movement was no doubt it feint to draw
our forces from Charleston, for if they seri
ously intended to make an attempt to get pos
session of the road, their Wort was a very
fdeble•One. The conduct of the Rutledge Ri
ga corps is spoken of in high terms of praise."
TiE OUNDOATiI IN ST6NO INLET.
[From the Charleston iffer'cuiy.] : •
The at oausod by. the mows from Pocolali
go yeterday afternoon,' was considerably in
oreasedby the nows thaf the enemy's gunboats,
after entering Stone Inlet, - were at tbeiromnal
work, n feud theidify." It appears
that five gunboats, ono of which appeared to
be iron-clad,,and 'Without mdets, steatund up
Stono river with the finocitide yesterday morri rL
ing. T,hey threw a few sheilene r the camps
at Secessiouville, proving concliieively. that
our troops there were in range of the gun
boats. The Yankees then shelled the steamer
DeKalb, forcing her to retire under the guns
of Fort Pemberton.
Yesterday afternoon, at flood tide, the
steamers began shelling our battery at New
ton Cut, and the fire was. returned. No cas
ualties are reported on our side: One shot.
from our battery was plainly seen to Cut down
a mast, and other damage was probably done
aboard the gunboats, as our practice was
good. The battery was in charge of Captain
Smith, Company F. (White's battalion).—
Lieutenant. T. G. White assisted in the com
mand of the battery.
The negroes have been. removed from the
island, and cattle are being driven off.
At sunset, last evening, the enemy's gun
boats still remained anchore_kin the vicinity
of our batteries, and it is probable that they
will reopen fire this morning.
PROBABLE ATTACK ON GALVESTON-DEBIAND
FOR TUE SURRENDER OF TILE CITY
[Froth the Memphis Avalanche.]
Theft)'lowing relative to the Federal de
mand for the surrender of Galv.eston,'Vexas,
we find in the Houston Telegraph of the
2.1 d nit :
In order to allay excitement and prevent
unfounded rumors gaining currency, we have
obtained lho following from official sources :
Saturday morning the frigate Santee bad a
white flag up as a signal of a desire to com
municate with the shore. During the (lay a
messenger came ashore bearing the following
U. S FRIGATE SANTEE.
OFF GALVESTON. Texas, May 17, 1862
To the Military Commandant commanding Con
federate Forces, Galveston, Texas ;
SIR: In a few days the. naval and land
forces of the United States will appear off the
town of Galveston Co enforce' its surrender.—
To prevent the effusion of blqod and destruc
tion of property which would result from the
bombardment of your town, I hereby demand
the surrender of the place, with all its forti , fi..
cations and batteries in its vicinity, with all
arms and munitions of ria`r. I trust you will
comply with this demand.
I am, respectfully, etc.,
Captain commanding U. S. Naval Peron off
The bearer of the above message stated that
an answer could he made any time within
twenty•four hours. Owing to the wires being .
down during the day, this message was not
telegraphed up till in file evening.
This morning General Idebeet has instructed
Col. Cook to reply that when the land and,
naval forces make their appgarance the de
mand will he answered. Meanwhile, we can
assure the people that the island will not be
given up on a mere paper bombardment.—
Nothing will he left undone to provide for the
enemy when he comes.
The general commanding advises the people
to keep cool —themis no danger. When the
enemy lands and endeavors to penetrate into
the interior, tie will be fought on every boob
of ground. In the meantime, every mhh
should stand by his arms and he ready to take
the' field at a moment's warning
The above is all that has taken place that
is of interest to the public.
GALVESTON, May 22, 6 P. M.—The trans
port steamer left for the eastward this morn
A Federal brig of-war has arrived to-day,
and is now lying at anchor with the Santee.
The foreign consuls have communicated
with the Captain of the Santee, with a view
of fraing upon some point that might ho re
spected in the •bombardment, as a point of
refuge for foreign subjects. The following is
Captain Eagle's reply to them : '
" U. S. FRIGATE SANTEE, I
May 2.2. 18112.
GENTLEMEN: Let me assure you, gentle
men, that no person can deplore more. than
myself the misery that would result from the
bombardthent of the town of Galveston, end
its fortifications, yet it is a duly that will be•
oome necessary to enforce its surrender. It
is not in my power to give you any assuranoe
of security during the bombarclthout, for i6-is
impossible to tell what direction (he shot. and
shell will take. HENRY EAGLE,
Captain commanding United States naval
forces off Galveston.
To the Foreign Cnosuls, Galveston."
Eatint anb CattntD giafters.
FOR SlLE.—The Ephrata Springs,
located a few miles from Lancaster city are
offered for'sale. See advertisement.
tteL.Orders have been received at the
mounted troops' headquarters and riding
school, at this place, to have a battalion of
cavalry ready for the road - at a moments
notice. All recruiting officers are to send
on immediately whatever men they may
LIEUT. A. B. SEIARPE.—This gentle
man, paid a short visit to his home, and fam.
ilv, last week, previous to his departure for'
Corinth, where he has been assigned to duty
as aid to Major Gen. Ord, who has been
ordered to command of a division in the
'¢ .Mrs. S. A. HUTTON, is now open
ing at tho Sign of the Big Bonnet, North
Hanover Street, Carlisle, a largo and beauti
ful assort ment of Summer, Bonnets, Children's
Hats, Ribbon's, and Flowers, of the very la
test Fashions. Ladies givo'hor a call and you
will see tho richest and finest Millinery in
STRAWBERRIES.—Mr. Alfred Moore,
is entitled to our sweetest regards, for a
present of four boxes of his most luscious
berries. 'Alf., is most extensively engaged
in the steawberry culture, and has every
morning at Mr. Inhoff's store, fabulous
quai.tities of the largest and finest berries in
the country. On last Tuesday his beds
yielded no less than four hundred quarts.
WIIO CAN BEAT IT k--rar JAMES
FAns'EsirocK has sent us two., strawberries
both of which measure FOUR 113013 ES in
We can, Mr. Prrea PLANK of Silver spring
township (near Mechanicsburg.) has preSent
ed us with one measuring five inches in
circumference. It is of the variety called
"Wilson's. Albany S mdling" and is said..to
produce two hundred bushels to the acre.
Mr. Plank has made J. W. Eby's store, the
depot for the sale of his fruit, and will keep
him constantly supplied.
INSTALLATION Or A PASTOR.—On the
6th inst., the - llev. J. - O. Pnocvoa, - was - in
stalled pastor of the Presbyterian Church, at
Dillstown, Pa. The Rev. W. C COMM,.
preached the sermon and proposed the'con
stitutional questions, and ate Rev. Jos. A.
Murmur, delivered the charges to the' pastor
and people. Mr. P 12007011 is the successor of
Mr. Illunnarthe latter , having been pastor
of the same church for about eighteen years,
and resigned because of impaired Wealth--
GOOEY FOR Juf.i.,--Ttre have received
lie July number of Godey's Lady's . Book, and
are `glad to itotieo many_, excellencies.
This number contains twenty full - page 'en
gravings, and large anda -well-exeoufed steel
plate, "Summer.". As a'dompanion for the la
dies, both in the drawing room and ortthe
work table, GodeY is indispensible. Tt.ititho
ne plus ultra •of ,outhorities,,oti;fashione,
i►nd tho literary department,' would do credit
to ,ayky perldittal. We will fbrnish the 17prqd,
and Godey,.at $3,60 in advance.