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FREIIIOpIT AND VICTORY
Am—'• SOW L Tronba."—Pinareza
Men of the , Nortb, Who remember . • ,
_____Tilmiteeds_ollorir sires, over glorious,
Join inToi;r pagan vleterionaT
The groan, of Liberty I .
.11arld on the gales of Noiember
Millions of voices are ringing,
vGlorious the songs they are singing,
- . Fremont apt 'Victory I
. - • Ilurrah I
Join the gre'akehornille're singing,
Fremont and V,ictory!
Come from your forest•clad mountains,.
Come from the fields of your tillage,
Como forth from city and village;
Join the great host of the Creel
As fithn.their cavernous - fidintains
Roll the deep tleods . to the ocean,
Join the great army in motion,
Marching to victory!
Echo; from Ocean to ocean,
Far in the.Weet: rolls the thunder, .
The tumult ofbattle raging, . •
Where bleeding Kansas is waging
• '• • Warfare with Slavery I '
Strugglitig with foes who surround her;
hol sho implores you to stuypor !
Will you to Sisfory betray her?
Nove r r 4 -sho shalebe free!
Swear that yon'll - nerer betray her;
liaiisas shall yet be h-pe !
lifarehl wo have sworn to support her;
The prayers °alio rlghtecuil.hall speed us,
A chief never conquered bhall lead. us
-, • Fremont shall lead the free!
Then from those fields, red with slaughter, '
Floury's hordes shall be driven, • '
Freedom to Kansas.he .
Tremont shell make her free!
To Hamm sholl Freedom be given;
Freniont slain mike hor free?
Men of thp North, who retheniber
Tho de'eds of yetir sires over glorious,
o . ur man victorious,
• The•ptean of Liberty I
Hark! on the gales of NOveinhor,.
Millions of voices are ringing,
Glorious the song they 11 4 50 singing,
. I- . Nremont and victory] '
Join the groat chorus the're
• Fremont and Victory !
i:oliira l .
The Charges against Col. Fremont
Speculation Triumphantly Refuted.
When honest, well-meaning persons write
us that such and such absurd libels on Col. '
Fremont are circulating in their locality, and
that•they want documents wherewith to re.
futp them, we cannot help answering that they •
take libld of business exactly at the wrong end.,
have.really. to . dolls...Li; make their-.
neighbors acquainted with the true character
. of Col. Fremont, hie career, his services, and
the 'estimation which ho had ever- been held
by the wise and good who intimately know
him and this will preclude all necessity for
. paying attention to the petty •larceily slanders
with which his baser adversaries, seek to black ;
en his reputation. Only let the people see
and know him is be is,' and the vipers will
find themselves biting a the sharpest
file that ever - jaws were worn upon.
Let us illustrate the character of these B
leb; by a few _ ready illustrations :
• The conquest of California from•lMexieo Nv-tts
-effected , by• very . moderate forces, yet witb.
very little bloodshed. Col. Fremont 'bore d
most distinguished part in that conquest—at
least, all, the cotemporary accounts gave him
among the rest. We believe Mr. Buchanan
did not commit himself in a puyio document;
but we are assured than when Cot Fremont's
beef contract was under investigation before
the Indian Committee of 'the House, Mr.
.chanan appeared as a witness for Cot Fremont
before that Committee, and testified strongly
in his favor. It they were not now rival,
candidates, we believe Mr. Buchanan would
now gladly appear as a conclusive witness
against Col; Frementl - slinsderer..
-Of course so_lrtrge a country as California
was - not-Conquereii and could not have been
held;:bi force so immensely Inferior in num..
bers as were its American conquerors to' the
hostile Mexican authorities, soldiers and pee•
pie; but by - the-manifestation of extraordinary
activity as well as courage. 'Our little force
there in 18.16-47 had• to pe . multiplied many
fold by rapid Movements-from point to point,
and by suddenly appearingwhen and where
if was least expected. Vino Col. Fremont,
whonrCom.-Stockto6,__after the conquest ap
pointed' its Governor, was at onetime obliged
to r id e of the bead of one hundred mounted
men; Over four hundred miles—that is, front
'Los Angeles. 'to Mpnteley—in • four days • to
meet an appreheedti attack, and back again
at the,same time7a feet with old Californians
pronounced unequalled in that country;. whtiO
horaemanship hati.been carried to ita perfection.
But thiii march could never have been, made
was effected by driving Into-a rancho or cattle
estate, unsaddling and turning loose . the tired
and panting beasts,. putting their equipments
'instantly en as many fresh animals, and spur.-
ring - headlong forward. Of course, the own
ers of the horses in due time presented claims
' mission scrutinized - add either altered; out
down or rejected; and some of
Vallejo's for.one-have sines been paid by
Congress, while others have' not.. But they
all .figtire—not merely the amounts paid or al.
lowed, but the amounts merely claimed--.-in
the newspaper demonstrathns of Col. Fro
mont's prodigality of
. diehonesty as Governor
Lof: s california I
Take one instance Fremont deemed
it necessary to head a party of his force and
cross the Bay of San Francisco to capture ,a
Mexican fort and spike:the heavy cannon
Mounted thereon . ; for, though the fort proved
at the thne to be -scarcely occupies Lit would
have become exceedingly formidable and an
noying if a hundred Or :more Mexicana, who
had not then beed dispossessed of the ceentry;
and seen fit to throw themsefves into if. But
MO. had no
- boats in which to make the'pne
sage, and Was Obliged to - borrow those of nu
American merchant ship then lying in the bay
The, captain lent and manned his long 139 at-or
boats, himself steering - and-..his , --men rowing
and Col F. who had no money 'wherewith to
pny, certifieetlint — ilui service " was remere
that it was valunble, but set no price on it.
The captain claimed ten thousand dollars;' tho
Commission allowed hirii fifty dollars; and
even Ibis- We are confident has never been paid.
No matter—the - slo,ooo,fignro, large as);fe
in various statements afloat intended -to eon
dot. Col. Fremont of prodigality or dishonesty .
''Probably most . ofoar readers .havo seen'or
beard something about the 'sir,bundred cola'
which Col. F. is said' to have purchased' on,
06Vernment account in Cnlifornin, but to
have.turned over- . to n ranchero to breed on
shares for his own prc;fit'.. We have net this
libel in some dozen or-more pro slaverj , journ
ills, not one of
,whic;ll gives :the leabt hint
the foot that' the Federal' Government never
paid, and is not required 100 pay one cent f r
these cows. The faits in the case are briefly
Vase • "`"N
Col. Fremont while Governor of California,
did contract with a stock-grower for sitt.hen
dred cows at slo.per herd, for the public . ) ser
vice. As they were not immediately needed,
they wed loft with a ranchero or lierd'sman .
till they should be wanted op „the wean' terms
half the increase to the owner aud"the balance
to the hordsman:till.they wore wanted.
gave an order or obligation es. Governor, • for
the price—s6,ooo. But he was soonsuperse
ded by a personal enemy who repudiated the
con tact, and.the seller took his cows back
again—and was doubtless glad enough to .:do
so, as the discovery of the mines about this
time sent up the price of cattle in California at
least two litindrediei - Cent : . Had Col.. Fre
mont'S-Coittract been xrttlfled hy.his successor,
and the cows - left to breed :on shares and only
taken for the public service as required, we
have no doubt the Treasury would have been .
$ s..oafbeiter. for it this 114.
The 11.. a. Willis A. Gorman, M. 'C.; from
How Democratic Governor of Minne
eon' T. rritory,:vvas in Congress in 1853, and
C man of the House Committee on Mili-.
t ry- Are'rs, reporled. (Feb.- 14) in favor of
. claim of Col. Fi''etront. for 10,500,
bolio;Atil'and spent by him in the public) ser.
vice %'v bile Governor of California: In this de.
~.biiloln, , Gorman says:
"The voucherti which have been presented;„ ,
_ and copies of which I hnve.here, are clear anti
- satisfactory. It is satisfactorily - shown that,
• the Kim of $856 88, for which there are no
—vouchers ntluind, __lme_hee_n_YaiskfThe gout
1-nittee on Military affairs called before them
an officer of the army wlio.was with Col:Tre ,
moat, and testifielt to facts which ought to sat
isfy the House that every dollar has been ao
• "It was said that Col. Fremont had got this.
$19,500 and bought the Mariposa land with
it ;-- and a distinguished gentleman of this
House told me-he bad heard that he had pur
chased a large amount of cattle with it upon
- which he had made large profits. Now the
Mariposa land cost otilyss,ooo,though it turn
ed out to be exceedingly .valuable; and worth
forty or fety -- tirnes - what - he-paid-for--it---Bu
the dtite of that purobabe was anterior to the
"As to the alleged purchase of a !argot
mount of cattle and the grand speculation
of the operatien how•did we act as to that
charge? Hid we belieie it blindly ? No, Sir,
we went:into an investigation of It, and what
was the result? We found that hti,had pwr..
chased a certain amount of cattle for the Ilse
of the army, but ~because he ha& not the'
meatie for paying for . them; be left the'cattle
in the possession of the vender, who had final=
ly to take them back for non-payment ; so
- that transaction ended - in smoke as -does the
. Mr. Morn= then proceeded •to vindhate
Col; Fremont thus; •
"I will say for Col. Fremont: . that when I
went laic the investigation of this transaction
I had sante pr tjudioes which I Uptight perhaps
tnight.be =Amide& and which I am satisfied
now weretinfontided., Tho piitjudices which
had been impressed upon-my mind hive been
dispelled b,y the investigation of all hie conduct,
itiCalifertia, and I arn.preptcheartesti --
.meny.upon this . occasion to tlke.correotnese
his'Whole line of conduct its hu - offider and as
-disbursing agent. Not one- 'dollar can be
traced to his hands ; no property can be traced
to his hands for which he cannot give to the .
Govertnnent satisfactory Touchers that it, has
Cong.,Gobe; vol. 26, p. 5961 .
?eb. 12:°18&_6, Mr. Campbell of Illinois,
lefed—" Wefe - olaims forartioles fraudently
charged several times, presented by COL Pre-/
reek, or 'were. they preseated - brother - persons
pretending to hold them.itgaiosetha Govern
Mr Gorman—Those claims were not pre
sented. by Col. Fremont, kut by. other individ-
Mr. Fuller—Those 'Of rrl*lrj speak
are called theNalNo Claims, and they-are.
reocirdidtee being certified to by J.C. Fre&
moat. _ .
Mr: Price, (Demoerat) of New Jersey—He
certified that certain. property belonging to
those individuals was taken by the. military
offieWs—o-f-tliV-Hifited-States,-for the -7-purpose
Of carrying on the war: ' He does not state-the
valuation, but he states ifs Lis - belief that those,
'articles were taken. There is tio..reference
whatever to v.altiation. 0 .. '
Mr Disnej—l, understand that all these
matters which have been discussed here to-day
are not matters, of claim upon the part of C 01...
Fremont; but upon-the-part,ef• various indi
vidals now in the State af,Califernia - , for qui
terials and property furnialA tib
`4Once of which, is his acknowledgement, in the
form of certificateilmfore you.,,
, Mr. NFLonahan,_ of ReUnsylvanitz, in. some
remarks, on the subject. said:
• Upwards .of $200.000, of claims wore 'pre
sented to the Commissieners. They -fdlovred
end pass,ed avorahlf on Some $31,000;._ the
tit - Ounce shout 170.000 were not susinined by
evidence, end were conFecpiently rejected . . Of
the '31,000 allowed, the claim-of $19.509, on
which Col• Fremont, was imprisonetlin London,
was` unanitnowdy and placed first on,
the list submitted to us-4y the_Counnissiotiers.
This is the only demand against the: Govern,-
ment in which Col. Fr'emont appears to have
the slightest personal interest."
This debate - shows flint Col. Fremont had no
interest in any otherelaim than that for $,lO,
500. which Ott Board of Commis:4°l4'ore unani
measly allowes, Mr. Gorman remarked:
The claims which are there stated origina
ted in this,,Jvise. Col. Fremont, when - there,
when neoessnry, sent a guard of men to take
the property of the oitizens—mules, horses
and cattle--for the public use. The owners
come and made claim to Col. Fremont, as civil
and military Governor of California, for cotn
pensation for their proyerty. Col. Fremont
laid all the cluims presented tolim before the
Board. The case was precisely similar to that
of the army of the United States,sin Mexico—
I have done the same thing myself on a march.
I have forced men to give me mules when
those on,whiph the soldiers rode gave out. I
have seen the same thing often. done by.- other
officers of the army. The owners (Able prop
erty taken would follow to the next town, and
there would receive a certificate that such and
such property had been taken tor the, rttil.c
service, -which they presented to the Quarter-
Master, who sometimes paid for, lt:' If these
charges were made by Mexicans I would not
twardazed if the &nose - articles had been charged,
for one ifundred times."
The reader who wishes t6 t 'pursue this inves
tigation farther can doubtless find a Congres.
aional Globe, Vol. XXVI., and trace the de'
bate: throughout. The claims were very prop
erly scrutinized, but no one questionetrthe
integrity and goothconduot of Co). Fremont.
The Hon, David.t. Carter; Of ,Ohio, (then as
now a frominent Democrat, but then a Pierce
Democritt, now fOrFremont,) said :
Personally, I know Col. Fremont, but very
slightly. I have had the honer of an intro•
dilation to him. Ile Is a small men, but he is
as gallant as any mass of eta of the sonnetize -
At t arever_was-wrapped - in - 4. oo at_thatmttu l tikt_
him. And, Sir, he met a combination of ene
mies-such-as very-few of the public servants
of this - Republic have ever mot. Both ene
mies that man presents and enemies that God
preeents—mountain enemies, ravine enerities,,
enemies of frotit and of heat and of fasting.
Now I do not think that a man who bag marched,
for a week feeding on green hides and on the
skeletons of worn-out and diseatied mules.
would cheat his Government out of twenty or
- forty thousand dollitrs. My own opinion is,
that When u man bee gathered op a reputation
by deeds of almost unparalelled peril, be
would want to transmit-it-undefiled_tolis pos,
terity, and that twenty thousand dollars would
have no more influence upon him than twenty
cents. That is uty appreelation of such , ser
vice as Fremont'e. , . It 'shot like sitting cross
legged up here , in one of, those bureau°. It
was enough for him to , know that part of this
continent belonged to the United States; that
they put upon him , the peril of exploring it ;
that he was desired by his government to make
the way open to the thousands and thousands
Mho were to - follow it to fortune, and to define
a State that in magic! time would become an
Aunpirp. Sit,' Xou might as vial undertake:
separate Fremont'e soul from his body by
your action bere==he being -three-thousand
Miles dittant—as to separate Fremont's fable
(tom the fame of the Pacific side of this 'Be.
The bill. passed--Seas, 88 ; 'nays, . 40—the
latteriteing about the usual number Who rote
against every private own", no matter bow
obviously jtutt. Nobody then questioned Col.
Fremont's honesty-even Mr,. Toombs express
ly disclaimed any such intention.. Congress
—ound-a-aunrjustly - dire — tifiCky... aidordere.
it tobi paid, as it did ti,iiirger sum-on a difT
ferent toC r ourit - tvid years later. And now, if
the pro•slavery advocates think theY eanMake
I anything out of ripong . up- these scrutinized
and settled accounts, they are welcome to go
A .Voice from Ashland
' All the patriots of our country, as well'those
of our own day and , generation as those who
have passed away, and whoa() memories are
d in our hearts, are
daily and hourly; upon .the. historical, events
which are' the "present time progressing
around;us.. From legislative 'halls and from
national cOnneils; from the rostrum and the
tomb, their voices are raised against th"e sec•
tionalism of the present nominal Democratic
party, and they alike rebuke the blind fabati-'
°ism of slavery propagandists or would-be
sectionalists. - •
Henry Clay reposes in his grave, but his
patriotic) spirit boveri above us, and he speaks
to:the notion_ilow with the fatnilimr voice of,
other days.ln hie, speech tofthe Compromise
resolutions of 18b0, delivered on the bth of
February of that year, after emphatically do.
Hying the right of Congress to interfere with
slavery in titeterritorios, he says :
'.Far_ different would, I'fear, bo our case,
if, unhappily, wo should be led into war, into
civil war—if the two".parti„of this country
should be placed in hoitila position towards
each other in order. to carry slavery into new
territories Required from Mexico 'Mr. Presi
dent, we have heard, all of 'lls have read, .of
the' efforts of France to propagate—what, on
the conicneut of Euvopti? Not slavery, .sir.•
not slavery. but
. the. rights of to n, and we
of that kind. But if, 'Unhappily. ; ire,,should
b 2. involved in war, in civil war, between° the
two parts of this confederacy, in which the
effort upon. the one side should he to restrain
. of slavery_intothe_new. terri
tories, and &pun the other side to force its in:
troduction there, what' a spectacle s hould - we.
present to the astonishment of mankind, in an
effort, not to propagate rights, but—J. must
isay it, thongh I trust it ho imderstoOd•to
no said with no design to excite feeling—a
war to propagate wrongs in . the - territories
thug acquired ;front • It-would-be-a
ver in which we should havq'tto sympathies,'
-rto good wishes; in which all mankind -would
be against - . us; in which 'our" own history
would be against us ; for, from the commence
ment of the Revolution down to the present
time, we,have.constlintlY reproached our Brit.
MI ancestors for the introduction slavery.
into this country. And allow .me to say, in
my opinion, it is one of the best defences that
qan be made topreserve the institution of sla
very in this country, that it was forced npon
us against the wishes of our ancestor-:our
own 'American colonist ancestors—and' 631 the
cupidity of our British Commercial ancestors.
-The power then, Mr. President, in my opin
ion—and' I extend it to , the introduction as
well as to the .prohibition of slavery in the
new territories—does exist in Congress; and
I think there is this importatii,disthictinn be-;
twee s h slavery outside of the 'States and slave
ry inside of the States; that till outside, of the
States is debatable, and all inside of. the
States is tlet•debatable. The C overtarnent,hai
no right to attack:the institution within the
-States ;:whothershe.has, tind to what . extent
she has or has not the right to attack .slavery
Outside 'of the States, is a debatable question,
one upon, which men may fairly and honora
bly differ; rind, however it may he decided, it
furnishes, I trust, nelust cecasion for break..
ingtp this glorfOus-Union of-ours." ,
If much were the views of that great patriot
and statesman upon the subjvct • of the territo
ry from Mexico, what would he say
when the effort is to force alavery_,lnto Kan
sds—ri territory solethnly dedicatin , L to free
dom by the-Missouri Compromise, (which be
assisted to frame,) and foriiiirty-four years,
by a nationaheompact; sacred from the Intru
sion of the peculiar institution? *Tr'uly; his
words of fire would speed ilke lightning to eve
ry corner - of the land, and waken the echoes.
of freedom arid patridtism in the recesses of
every heart. • Skilfully and completely would
strip from the ravenous wolf •the covering of
the innocent lamb, while at the glance.; of his
fire flashing eye the voice : of treason would
sink to Impotent miittekinge, and sectionalism
and secesssion slink rebuked back to the dark
coyerts from whence they _presumptuously
`dared to emerge.
RAlN.—Many years ego a bet was made by
a distinguished Virginian, with an
Lord r of-Z-1-44-year,_to_inerceumin_georritrical
progression for tlie next• succeeding twenty
years, that it would rain in tbe,county'of
teirfield, Va 3 ,,(his.plaeo of residenoei)- on the
first datarday' 'of August in emery year. The
result was he won A'ightun times and lost;
twice I ° That is, his • winning was' g 24,248,
and losing ;2.
ler Law is like Freesia avid—o dangerous
remedy, and the smallest dose is generally
1110.. People become M by drinking health&
lie who drinks the health .of others, drinks
sway Me own. , '--
itir , Applause is tho epur of able . minds,
the and and aim of weak once.
has been no, time since the struggle
tofu begun, 1776;.when theolergy and=.
lees.people,of the State were so aroused as
now. It is unruNiessaryi6 say ins:which di- •
rection-their syrgathies.tend." Of course it
is “unneoessary, say,'!„tfor, every body full
I Well knows that this large class are not ` offioe•~
holders or effice.seekers. They alenpesce". -- ---7-
lciving„ Industrious, Intelligent, law-abiding ,
Citizens: Very many, of them hove been Wen
ticked, and have rendered valua h le , ,senice to
the *Democratic party ; but that party, having
ignored the Democracy of WAsnmarow, Jsv
MADIB.OII andITILOReOIi;, they havelre
• . , -
putliated it, and are among .
nenttn In illustration of this, a capital anee- .
- dote is told of one ICIIADO*JONES, Icaanon
was a pioneer in one of the titivr settlements in
the Western country. Ho built a.log" cabin, _
and to "turn a penny".and live easy, he pup
up 'a sign, " Tavern kept by lenanon JONES." '
A:traveller fatigued by a lung, day's journey,
reached at night fall this gime of entertain
ment. !lertenon was at the door * waiting for
customers. The traveller accosted him and "-
said: -" Landlord, my horse is very tired and ,
very hungry; please give film Eight quarts - of -
oats." aa"patfl," . CaldlenAlson,"ants, ; I doRI,
keep oats:" . ' "Well," said.the traveller, "if '
you have got no ‘ Oits;-give - him a good bizadle
of bay." "Hay," replied Ictlinon, "hay ; I .
don't keep bay." ".What do you keep?" said'
the traveller. "W,lly;:dent yon - see,,
to the sign. 'a Tavern kept by IceABOD JONES.
I keep tavern." The traveller . thought, there . '
was a slim chance fur his horse, and he in-
guired how his own wants-could be _supplied. •
"Landlord," said be, a' I ate weary and bun
I will take for my -supper corn bread
and common doings; with - 'iiam and eggs.' , --
"Ham and eggs,'" rejoined IcuAnon, "I don't ,
keep ham and eggs." The -traveller, non
plussed, coked angrily, " what do you keep?"
a:Keep. sir, keep ; I told you I 'keep tavern. -
My sign says—Tavern - kept by ICHABOD
JONE 9." So there are hosts of men in; New -
Hampshire and other States, who have allibeif,, ,, lives ucted with the Delmer/its; who now say -
- that the Democratic Party is just like the tit,-
ern kept. by ICHABor, JONES. Ask -- them
show the principles of_4l¢l7El2soN or JACKSON,
and they reply, we don't keep thent now:•Well,
what"de you keep
. Don't you see the sign ?
We keep Democracy. W e keep the love of the
spoils, the love of office," and the love -of the
rich pickings, but the principles of time-hon
ored Democracy we ignore and repudiate. -
Seriously, this is the true and , only T reason
why such a stampede is going ?tt in all quer.
ten-from . tho Democratic ranits. f. Honest, ,
Del:doer:its:say; ,the name of the party, only i 8
left. The noble prin - ciples of the party are ab
sorbed in • slavery extension, in sectionalism,
and in a rapacious, nnscritratloue scrambling
for office. Is it not so ? We put it to 'oar
honest Democratic friends, whether the , presi—
ent Democratic party have not repudiated , the
principles and the policy of the party under the
lead of JACKSON ? Itis-confessedly so, and it •
cannot be denied. What,elaitu, then, has this
bogus-party to the support of honest Demo
crats ?' • •
The Bible is the treasure of the poor, the
solace of the sick, and the support. of, the dy
ing; and while other books may , amuse and
instruct itra - leisure hour, it is the peculiar
triumph of that book to create light •in . the
midst of darkness, to alleviate the sorrow that •
admits of nu other alleviation, to direct a beam
of hope to the heart whieNno other, topic of
e insolation can reach ; guilt. , despair,
and death vanish at the touch ;)f its inspira
tion. There Is something in the spirit and
diction of the Bible which is found peculiarly
plapted_to arrest the attention of the plainest
and most uncultivated minds. The
structure of its sentences, combined with a
lofty spirit of poetry—its familiar allusionslo
the scenes of nature and the-transactions of
common life the delightful intermistnrc•of nar
ration with the doctrinal and perceptive parts
—and the profusion of miraculous facts, Which
converts it into a sort of enchanted ground—
imconstant adveriance to the Deity; whose
perfections it renders almost visible and pairs
ble—uniti in- bestowlpg upon it en interest
Whi c hettiolietito - no - other - performancei -- and
which, after assiduous and repeated perusal,
Invests it much with - the charm of novelty like
the wet orb of day,- at which we are Wont to
gat oiith nrothatedustonishment from infancy
to old age. What other book besides the Bi
ble could be heard ill-public - aisemblag a slrom
Year to year, -with an attention that Fever
tires, and an interest that nevercloYST - With
few exceptions, let a p - ortion of the Sacred
Volume be recited luamixed - multitude,
AbougAtit bas been heard & thousand times,
universal jolliness ensues, every. aye - is. Sled .
,ear is awake , and attentive.
Select if you clan; any other comPosition * ,anff
let it be rendered equally laminar to . thamind,
and see whether produce ', thi s effect.=
.Sobrit , ,