Newspaper Page Text
E. BEATT'Y t „
PROPRIVTOR AND PUDLISDEn.
TERMS OF PUBLIbATION,
The CARLIt:I.E IleaAi.n Is published weekly on a large
abaci, containing rOltali. COLUMNS, and furnished to sub
scribers at the - rate of $1..50 if laid strictly in advance;
$1..75 if paid wiblet the year; or in all Cases when
74r-tint In delayed until after the expiration of the
year, No subscriptions received ,for a less period than
six mouths, and none discontinued. until ill arrearagos
are paid, unless at the option of the publisher. Papers .
sent to subscribers livimg out of Cumberland county
mustam PAY fur In altVanco, or the payment assumed
Ify some responsible person living in Cumberland coun
ty. Those tAns will be rigidly adWered to in all eases.
Advertisements will 'be charged $l.OO per square of
Wel ve lines for three insertions, and 2 cents fur earL
subsequent insertion. All advertisements of less than
twelve lines considered as a square. The following rates
Rill Ito charged fur ,Quarterly, Half Yearly and Yearly
3 Nonths. 6 Months. n Month
1 Square. (12 linos,) $3.00 $;.00 $B.OO
2 46 46 6.00 8.00 12.00
1 : Column, - - - 8.00 1!..!.00 16.00
II .. -- - 12.00 20.00 80.00
advertisements inserted befze Marriages and Deaths,
8 cents . per lino for first insertion, and 4 cents per line
Mr subsequent insertions. Communications on subjects
sf limited or individuid interest will be charged b cents
per line. The Proprietor will not ho responsible In dant
mos for errors in advertisements. Obituary notices not
alitcooding live lines, will be inserted without charge.
4l:lin CA:um& Kamm) JOB PRINTING OFFICE ' ho
!Lest and most eomplete,establishment in the., minty.
Three good Presses, and - a - general variety of lorial
malted.for Plain and Fanny work of every kind, shies
as to do Job Printing attho shortest notice and on the
most reasonable terms. Persons in want of Bills. Blanhs
or any thing in the Jobbing lino will find it their in
terest to giro ais h call. _Every variety of BLANKS con
fAra- AB letters on business must ho post-paid to so
curt> attention. ,
fractal 4 Coca( anformation.
V• S• GOVEMLNIYLENT.
Vico l'reiNident—(do facto), I). R. ATODEBON.
,Secretary of Stato—Wm. h. MAncY.
Secretary of Interior—Room - LTCtxt.T.AND.
Secretary ,01. Treasury---.lKmr.s forams.
Secretary of `War—.ltreEnsoN DAVIS.
Secretary of Nary—.)As. C. 130111.11:4.
Put 'Wester tionoral—JAMES
Chief Justice of United States—lt. B. TANEY
ST A.rrE GOVJERNMEINV.
Socretury of Stato--Amum 0. CJIMTIN. •
Surveyor oiler:11—J: P. ItsAwi.cr.
Aulitor Goueral—R. BANKs.
— .TA - dilAs of the Supremo CoArt—E. LEWIS, J. S. BLACK
W. B. Lowitiz, U. W. Woupweiui, J. C. liztox.
President Judv—lion. JA3l).:$ 11. On * AnAm.
• 'll449d:de Judges—lion. John 'ittipp, Samuel Wood
District Attorney--John M. Shearer.
Prothonotary—Daniel K. Noell.
Rec.irder, M. tirOgg.
'Register—William Lytle. •
IUAu Sheriff—Joseph McArmond; Deputy, James
County Treasurer—N., W. Woods.
Coroner—Joseph C. Thomps.m.
County Voinahsioniiim—Johnilobb,Jatnes Armstrong,
tleorge •M. tlrabalif. - (Tea:: to - Cominissioners,
Directors of the Poor—George ShcalTer, George Brin
dle, John C. Itr,nril. i'.l.uperinteudent of - Poor Ilnuse-- ,
Joseph .I",bash. .
SOa OUGLI-3 OFFICERS.
Chief Ruriress , Z—Cel. Anmarnoso NOBLE.
Assistant Burgess—Clynian 0,411 by.
Than Connell—John H. Prker, (President) E. Beatty,
Henry Alyers, 1. El: Egbcrt, Dayld ltlioads,ClifistJau,ln
-11,d, John Uutshall, Peter Monycr, (leo. Z. 'Bretz.
Clerk to Council—James Mullin.
Constables—Joseph Stewart, High. Constable; Robert
McCartney, Ward Constable.
First Presbyterian Church, northwest onglo of Centro
inquire. Rev. CO:MAY %Vim', Pastor.—Services every
Subday morning at 11 o'clock, A. 11., and 7 o'clock,
Second Presbyterian Church,corn4 of ,Sonth Hanover
and`Poinfret streets. No pastor at proseut, but pulpit
filled by Presbyterial appointments. Servicescommeuee
at 11 o'clock, A. M., and 7 o'clock, P. M.
St. Johns Church, (Prot. Episcopal) northeast angle of
Centre Squire. Rev. Jsoon li. Moms, Rector. Services
at 11 o'clock, A.M., and 11 u'clock,lP. M.
English Lutheran Church, Bedford between Main and
Louthor streets. Rev,. Jscon , Fla, Pastor. Services
at 11 o'clock, A. M., and 63, , ,4 o'clock, P. M. • -
Gorman Reformed Church, Louther, between Hanover
and Pitt streets. Rev. A. 11. KREMER, Pastor. Services
at 1.04 o'clock, A. m.,. and 634 P: M.
Methodist E.Church, (first Charge) corner of Main and
Pitt streets. Rev. S. L. M. Ciesssit, Pastor. Services at
11 o'clock, A. M., and 7?, o'clock, P. M.
Methodist E. Church, (second Charge) Roy. J. M.
JaNIC4, Pastor. Services lu College Chapel, at 11 o'clock,
A. M., and 5 o'clock, P. 11.
Roman Catholic 'Church, Pomfret, near East street...—
Cervices by ILev. Mr. Dossitoo, every second Sunday.
A German Lutheran Church is in course of erection
on the corner of Pomfret and Bedford streets. The con
gregation, which has yet no stated Pastor, hold their
&tykes in Education Hall.
iriPlVhon changes in the sboye aro necessary the pro
per persons are requested to notify us.
Rev. Charles Collins, President and Professor of Moral
ROY. Herman M. Inlinson, Professor of Philosophy
Sod English Literature.
Jarims W. Marshall, Prefessor of Anelent Languages.
Rev. Otis IL Tiffany, Professor of Mathematics.
Willhim M. Wilson, Lecturer on Natural Science and
°neater of the Museum.
Alexander- , chow, Professor of Ilebrow and Modern
Benjamin Arbogast, Tutor in Languages. •
Samuel D. Hillman, Principal of the Grammar School.
William A. Snively, Assistant in the Grammar School
Cukt.pivi.DZPOAlT Ate/K.—President, Richard Parker;
flashier, War. M. Burnam; Clerks, - Henry A. Sturgeon,
Joseph' 0. - Holler. Directors, Richard Parker, Henry Sax
ton, John S. Sterrett, John Zug, floury Logan, Hobert
Moore, Samuel Wherry,_John Sanderson, Hugh Stuart:
Cciatasucaso VALLEY RAIL ROAD COMPANY,—President,
Frederick Watts; Secretary and Treasurer, Fdward.lll.
Diddle; Superintendant, A. F. Smith. Passenger trains
Woo a day Eastward, leaving Carlisle at 10.15 o'clock,
M. and 3.40 Web rek, P. M. Two trains every day West
, leaving Carlisle at 9 o'clock, A. M. and 2.20, P. M.
Caituscs °se AND WATED Comear.—President, Fred
reek Watts; Secretary, Lemuel Todd; Treasurer, Wm.
IS. Boatel's ; Directors, F. Watts, Richard Parker L e mue l
Todd, Wm. M. Bodoni, Dr. W. W.. Dale, Franklin Hard
away Row Glass.
.11.A.T.EIS OF POSTAGE!.
farms PQSTAGE.—Postage on all letters of ono-lial.
waneo weight or undor, 3 taints pro-paid, or 6 cents un-
Slid, (except to California and Qrogon, which are 0 cents
es -paid, or 10 cents unpaid,)
liVidPAPEitp.—Postage on the lisnat.n—within the
Aiincky, sea. Within the Stato 13 -canto per year. To
a s .part of the United States, 20 cents.
Postage on all transient papers under 3 ounces In
MOE, 1 cent. prepald or 2 cents unpaid.
. . OARTAIESTAS 131311.11.11 D
300 K &JOB PRINTING OFFIbE,
IN TIIF: 'REAR or Tim COURT TIOUSII.
I►rerl dpscription of Book and Job Printing oxoucted
ifto iliortost notice and on reasounblotornie.
. • i,
. •,.;.% ' . . . ... o
` .1 .. • ~ I
. .la. i . ,*• . . • •
• •• • ;•• , l• r . .
• ••• ('
•••.• ':,?•'',: . , . '
A • .... 37.. } 1 ". 0 " 4
c :, ;•.•'' /
' ' • • % - ' d n.
;li. ~ i"( • i ' V ''.
...„ .... ~.
-,.-77 ",'... , 1 . '''lt " C I:
EEAZI) AND EXI'OSITCE
Ma. Enrron.:—The Shippensburg News of
last week, contains a furious onslaught upon
Messrs. Donaldson and Criswell, our mem
bers of the Legislature. The reason of the
attack, seems to be, a difference of opinion
as to the merits of General Camerol for
United States Senator, between the editor
and Messrs., Donaldson and Criswell, and as
we think bet Ween the editor and a large
majority of the citizens of this ! county.—
While 1 have 1M disposition to enter into a
newspaper controversy with as , able a writer
as the editor and freely admit myself too
weak for such h contest; still such wholesale
and unreasonable denunciation as the article
above alluded to consists of, forbids silence
and demands emphatic dissent though not
o:Pressed with editorial point. The cditor
scores Mr. Donaldson for once having been a
'Democrat. The same objection might have
been urged to Henry Clay, and certainly
domes 'with an ill grace from oue who in all
proability was playing marbles or . /1//in
at a tich6 when Montgomery Donaldson was
the main stay of the Whig party in his
section of the county.
,speaks of Mr. Criswell as
dupe tt7rid - an — Office hunteti living as he does
,end of the county and Mr. Criswell
at the other he is assuredly unacquainted
-with-,the mail Ire - slanders. Mr. Criswell has
reputation established for strong good sense
which precludes the idea of his being a dupe;
-and it is well known that his nomination for
the legislature was made by the Convention
upon their own motion and without his
The head and front of the offending of
these gentlemen as we have intimated, how
ever, consists in t 4 sir supporting General
Cameron for the United StatcO'Senate. This
they, were bound to do by the ~ actiun of the
American caucus. It would have •been., a
breach of good faith and honer" Olt Iheir part
to have pursued a different course.
The charge of corruption made by the
News against General Cameron, is but the
device of his opponents—a favorite trick of
politicians against those they oppose. 'Tie
editor can not natnea.promineut public man
-against whom Similar charges have not been
made and with quite as much foundation. ,
It may be an objection (for envy is not yet
extinct) on the part of the editor to-General
Cameron, that he springs from an humble
origin and has achieved his- presentstanding
and reputation by his own unaided energy,
industry and ability. The Americans how
ever, are proud of that class of their public
men to which General Cameron belongs; and
when the editor attempts to write down a
self made man, his efforts will but recoil on
himself. - We believe General Cameron to be
the choice of the peoPle of Cumberland
county for the position named. They know
him to be fully competent, they admire him
for devotion to his friends, his manliness to
wards his enemies and his faithfulness to
Pennsylvania, his native State. . Messrs.
Donaldson and Criswell have therefore, only
followed the wishes of their constituents in 1
supporting him for United States Senator.
In compliance with-the published call, a'
large number of farmers and others met in
the Court House, at Carlisle, on Saturday,
the 17th inst., to adopt measures for the for
mation of an• Agricultural Society for Cum
berland county. • 'On motion, (IF:ottatl
ItucttErt, Esq., was called to the Chair, G.
Staymttn and Joseph Culver, appointed Vice
Presidents, and Robert Moore Secretary.
After being thus organized, the meeting ad.,
j9urned 'to 1 o'clock, P. M.
The meeting was called to order at one
o'clock, by the President, when Judge Watts
addressed the meeting at some length in
faVor of .the formation of the proposed so;
ciety. At the conclusion of his remarks he
offered the following preamble and. resolu
tions, which were adopted unanimously: ,
Whereas, The past few years,bas exhibited
a, marked degree of improvement in the
business of agriculture, which has manifestly
been produced through the instrumentality
of Agricultural Societies and Journals.-- . -
Living, as we do, in a country so admirably
adapted in its soil and climate to develope
the results of judicious experiment, it be
conies our duty to lend our support and in
fluence to the exertien which is everywhere
tieing mad e'te promote as well the interests
of the farther as the common good of man
kind'. The Wore,
Resolved, it-is - expedient and proper
to establish an Agricultural Society in the
-cOunty of Cumberland., •
Resolved, That the subject ba referred to
a committee of five, whose duty- it shall be
tO prepare a Constitution and By-laws for its
government, to nominate such officers as the
constitution may provide for; and generally
to make such recommendations as will in
their judgment best promote the object -in
paliet fur flit fintiitti
For the Herald.
• For tho Herald.
MEETING OF FARMERS.
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1855.
view, and to make report to an adjourned
mecting.to be held at this place on Saturday,
the 24th of February, 1.855, at 1 o'clock, Y.M.
In corn pliance with the second resolution,
tho President appointed the following com
mittee—Dr. W. W. , Dale, George Clark,
Ab'm. Bosler, Wm. Line, jr., and William
It was then, on motion, " .
Resolved, That these proceedings be sign
ed by the officers and published in all the .
papers of the county.
Signed by the Officers.
Mechanicsburg Teacher's Institute.
' According'to adjournment, thiS Association
met in the Town.hall, on Saturday, Feburary
3d 1855, at one o'clock, P. M. The house
was called to order by the President. On
motion, the, Constitution was read and ,a
number of persons by signing it became
members of the Association. After trans
acting some regular business of the Associ
ation, Messrs. J. A. Hensel and M. Morret,
who had been previously appointed to lee
ttire. being present, were called upon to ad.
dress the meeting. Mr. Hensel favored the
Association with a very excellent lecture do
the "moral and religious training of chil
dren," Mr. Morett set forth the difficulties
with which the teacher has 'to contend, and
advanced—some-very-important - and inStrue - -
tire ideas on the manner of remedying • the
same, by proper and judicious parental train
ing, and the co-operation of the patrons of
the school with the teacher. Mr. Itostct'r
then addressed the meeting on the' impor.
tance of the teacher being exemplary in all
his intercourse with the scholars ; and especi
allywith regard to neatness and decorum.
After which the subject of 'English Grammar
and the method of instructing in that. branch
was taken up and ably discussed liy Messrs.
D. Shelly, M. Morret, J. Senseman, N. Hicks
and J. A. Hensel. The President appointed
Messrs. a 'Nicks and J. C. Miller to lecture
at the next meeting of the Institute.
On motiom'adjourned to meet in the Town
hall on Friday evening, March 2d, at which
time a stranger from a distance is expected
to address the Association; Teachers and
friends of education generally are invited to
Attend. • ' .
JACOB SENSEMAN,. Secretary
For thd tfarahl. '
In pursuance of public notice a large
nuinbcr of persons friendly to the construc
tion of a Railroad frota....Bridgqort to. Dills
burg,• via Lisburn, met at the' public house
of J. (3. Heck iulisburn, on Saturday the
10th inst., at 10 o'clock, A. M.
The meeting was called to order by ap
pointing JAMES STARR, Esq., Chairman and
L. Lewis, Secretary. The object of the
meeting having been briefly 'Awed by the
President, on.. motion,John Scherick, John
H. Kaufman and John Millard, were ap
pointed a committee to prepare business for
the action of the meeting with leave to with,
draw and report at their earliest convenience.
.their absence Mr. A. Brower was
called on to mato , some general remarks, to
which be responded in an able manner re
specting the practicability of building the
road and the advantages resulting to the
citizens along the contemplated route; at
the conclusion of which the committee made
the following report which was unanimously
Whereas, A Charter has been- granted for
'a Railroad from 'Bridgeport to Dillsburg, via
Lisburn:—Acid Whereas, the construction of
the road would deVelope the rich agricultural
and mineral resources of a section of York
and Cumberland cantles now cut •off from
all public improvements and make available
the waterpower of the Yellowbreeches Creek
which is not excelled by any in the State,
ResOlied, That funds be raised by sub
scription to procure the Charter and survey
of the route.
On motion, Henry . G. Moser, John- IL
Knufman,John Schenck, Deniel Rieff and
Samuel ark, were appointed a committee
to carry out the objects of the above resolu
Resolved, That the procedings of this
meeting be offered to the editors of, York
and Cumberland counties for publication.
Resolved, That we adjourn to meet at the
public house of J. G. Heck, in Lisburn, on
Saturday the 3d day of March next, at six
o'clock P. M.
REGISTER OF SALES.—SaIo bills for
the following sales havo been printed at the
Herald office since the last issue.,
Sale by Martha C. Duncan, iu Carlisle, on
Saturday the 10th of Ohrelr.
Salo by A. 11. Boyle of Carlisle, of Black
smith's Tools, on Wednesday the 28th of
Salo by Michael Landes, of Monroe town
ship, on Tuesday the 20th day of March.
Salo by Elias Grabill, of Lower Allen
township on Thursday the Bth of March.
Salo by Thomas Lee, of Dickinson town
ship, on Wednesday 28th of February.
r MP ',..t; ' 10; '„.• s 1111 ' 4.) ''. ;:
, 11110.-;.• o
0 , • ~' ''''' ''.'..
- , , %. !: ••
Congress.—Yesterday, the Senate passed
a bill to Increase the salaries of the Judges
of the Supreme Court; also, a bill to, change
the boundaries of the. lowa land distriet.
The• Senate resolved to adhere to its amend
ments to the Swamp Land bill, and a com
mittee of Conference was ordered - to be ap.
pointed. The Pacific Railroad bill was taken
up, and Senator Douglas' substitute received
as an amendment. In the Honse, the Mail
Appropriation.bill was taken up in Commit
tee, and along pefsonal debate ensued on an
amendment offered by Mr. Olds to repeal
that part of the Deficiency bill of 1850, which
directs the Secretary of the Navy to terminate
the arrangement for an additional allowance
to the Collins' line, provided that Mr. Collins
shall build another steamerand have it ready
for use within two years. •
Peansylt:ania Legislature.—Yesterday, the
Senate rejected) the Keystone and Empire
Railroad charter. A veto message •was re
ceived from the Governor, returning the bill
relative to the heirs of Samuel r .J..-17eilier. A
bill was passed supplementary to the charter
of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Cobbs
.0 IT - Railroad. . the house reseluticTh
was adopted instructing the Committee on
Railroads to inquire into the expediency o 1
providing by law-for -a-uniform-system - Of - re= -
ports -for the railroad companies of the State. ,
A resolution authorizing the Investigating
Committee on the Northern Liberties Bank
charges to meet in the banking-house tiird
employ a clerk, Was, after much debate, re
jected. A resolution - of thanks to Congress,
for authorizing President Pierce to confer
the `title of Lieutenant-General on Winfield
Scott, was passed unanimously. A resoliition
was also passed authorizing an inquiry wheth•
er any money has been paid for the use of
the -funds of the Commonwealth on deposit.
Congress.—Yesterday, the Senate alas en•
gaged all day on private bills, a large num.
ber of which. were passed. In the House.
the Mail 'Appropriation Bill was again de
bated at length, and Aik.Qlds' amendment
relative to the Collinslineywatfixgreed to in
'Pennsylvania Legisiature.- ! — The Rouse re
solution „relative to the report of the bribery
Investiiiiting Committee was adopted by the
Senate. 4 supplement to the ConsolidatiOn
Act, relative to the Receiver orraxes, pass
ed second reading in the same body, as did
also the bill relative to the rights:of husbands
and wives, parents. and children. In the
House,-the bill to prohibit the sale of intoxi
eating liquors" on the Sabbath was passed
finally by a vote of 73 year to 6 days. Mr.
Chamberlain, from the Indiciary Committee,
made a written report in fever of the consti
tutionality of the bill abolishing the license
laws. This is the bill sometime since intro
'dueed by Mr. Cummings. Anumber of bills,
among them several for the encorporation
of Banks, were reported.
The recent rains have caused great fresh
ets in New Hampshire, especially in the lower
counties, carrying away a railroad bridgeand
several culverts on the: Boston and Maine
railway. The freshets which were feared in
the rivers Lehigh, Schuylkill, Delaware and
Susquehanna, have been of small moment.
Private letters from London arty that the
English Ministerial troubles are caused by
the refusal of Lord Aberdeen to recall Lord
Raglan, and that Aberdeen 'is sustained in
this by the Queen. Four hundred laborers
on the New Ydrk Central Railroad .have
struck, because their wages were not paid
when • due. Governor Gardner, 'of Massa
chusetts,-'has been arrested and fined, for
allowing.th.esidewallc in front of his dry goods
store in Boston to be Obitructed by boxes,
Kissane, the fainous bank forger, who escap
ed recently . while being . conveyed to New
York for trial, has been again arrested at
Williamsville, Erie county, N. Y.
Congress.—On Saturday, Mr. Cass gave
notice to the Senate that he would, on Mon.
day, (to day,) speak on the subject of Lord
Clarondou's announcements that the French
and English alliance is intended to act in
America as well as in Eastern affairs. Mr.
Jones submitted to the Senate a prennibli
and resolution declaring that the, power of
establishing a uniform law of naturalizatiot.
resides in Congress, but that the liCoWer to
regulate emigration rests with . the States a
fecad thereby. An interesting debate tool,
place in the Senate on the bill allowing three
. years' credit for duties on imported railroad
iron. An amendment to tilt bill was adopt
ed,reeuiring railroad gempanies, asking
credit for duties, to give security for their
payment, in case the collector shall doubt
their solvency. • In the •.I.louse, the Ocean
Mail Appropriation bill was passed with. Mr.
`Olds' amendment, which in effect placeS the
Collins': line of steamers in full favor tip in
A message was received from President
Pierce, vetoing the French Spoliation - bill
The ,, lionse adjourned
. pending the consider'
PROCEEDINGS OP CONGRESS.
STIMIKAILY OP NEWS.
Fluent, Feb. 16
SATURDAY, Feb. 17
MONDAY, Feb. 1.9
ation of a motion to postpone the bill to
Wednesda,y, a motion to consider the subject
at once'being voted down. The President's
objections to the bill ara rather foggy. Ile
recites the whole history of legislation on the
subject, and thinks the length of time' tini.ing
Which the subject has been before Congress,
and the, failure to get appropriations, ar
'gument against the validity of the claims,
and as showing that the claimants have no
just demands against the government..
N have more news of Indian outrages on
the — Texamfrontiers. Eleven white mcu have
been killed . by the savages and four Captured
and carried ofi,.. , with much live stock.
PeooHy/riai7 , t lwistatitre.—On Saturday.
Mr. Price presented 'to 'the Senate an extra
ordinary memorial from the Itomaji Catholic
Bishop olPittsburg, against the incorp• ,ra Goa
of congregations aid) lay trustees I The Se
nate passed a private rejeen d the bill
to exempt frym taxation the property of the
Germ All Society in Philadelphia, and passed
.n committee the brl to erect the new county
of Monongahela. In the House, the bill to
incorporate the Farmers' High School was
passed finally-, and a veto message was .re
ceived from. the Governor, returning with his
objectiong, a bill to allow the election of
Supervisorsof Highways, in Plumstend town
ship, Bucks, county.
TUF.:W.IY, Feb. 20.
Congre.l.l.—Yesterday, ML'. Cass d(! . ..rred
Iti z 4
~speeeli on the transatiawie et
(lruat Britain. The Senate pa,ssed a join,
resolution to•settle the account of tlw late
(rovernorllui4, of Nebraska, , and Ids.) dis
cussed Iho Paeift'e Railroa.t I,itl xvhiell NVII
Massed by it vote Of 24 to 21..„ In the llons. :
11 )(1 veto e d Spoliation bill % , , , %,.talien up,,-AtTid
fail e d of getting She requisite twu-thirds• nia
Another earthquake occurred at 805 t.," ;,'
five o'clock yesterday morninc.,
shaken violently. l'ilexic"ati, adviees say;
that the earthquake , on the Ist and 2 , 1 inst., -
caused sonie damage in the city' of Mexico.
Rome old walls were .throwa -down, and
—Puerto — Blanco 16S Much darlaga7
aquednets' of San Cosine and lichen were
split in many places. In consequence of
---these-damages the-goveritmen - thad thought
it necessary to have the public buildings ex
amined. News from Havana •tia the lieh
states that the city was in great fenment, new
militia Companies forming, tile whole island
declared, in a state of seige, and the ports
blockaded. Gen. Concha has issued a pro
elamation, ordering the enlistment of all
vOlunteers between the .ages of r)1)
years capable of bearing arms. Military
Comini:mion has been created for the eastert,
part of the island.
CANADIAN WHEAT—Canada_ has become
a very important Wheat producing country.
and, strangely enough, the Unitedaitat(s.
which has been such a large expinter of
wheat to Europe, is now buyipg Wheat fo:
her , own' use 'from her northern neighbor
The Gy/t:Reporter mentions that a number
u( rperthants front the United. States are ir.
Ciihrula, - buying largely of wheat, for the
United States- aarkets. Within a few days ;
3000 bushels.of wheat•lad been sent from
the Galt Station on the Great Western Rai'-
~way to the United§tates, by way ofNiagars,
This is one of the natural results of the to
eiproeity treaty, which, though 'always pre
dicted by'Mr. Clayton and other statesmea,
was invariably diaubted by opposing politici•
ans. The truth of :he fact that Canadian
wheat will compete - with our own in the
markets of the United States, is ntw beyond
11%,., The Central American Expeditioh
has received itch a bard blow from Mr.
Marcy, that Co. Kinney Kinney lia'S written to Nor.
folk to stop the enlistment of men. This
business of mills 'Dent deserves notice. It
seems, from a letter written by Col. Kinney
to some person at the South, that the whole
force was to be organized in• military style.
the officers being regularly commissioned
and authorized to promise theitanen grants
of land, in consideration of twelve months'
genie° ins military capacity.. This betrays
the true character of the enterprise.
HARRISDURG A CITY.—The. borough of
Harrisburg has,applied•to the.• Legislature for
a charter of incorporation es-a,city, There
is no objection to that if the• citizens desire
it. It contains some twelve-or fourteen thou
sand inhabitants, and is every year increas•
ing in population. It is.•becoming, to',
largely, engaged in manufactures, and hes
several railroads extending , to .different par s
of the State. Let Harrisburg be a.eity, b}•
all means, if its people desire-it..
TDE EXPECTED GRkLIIS COMET:v.—The (IV
meat astronotner,ll Babinot, member of tT e
Freneh-Academy. of Sciences, gives some
very interesting details retatiVe to the return
of that great comet whose periodical courtqa
is computed by the most celebrated observe r
nt three hundred, years. The result of his
investigations is, that it wilt appear in Aug.
1858, with an uncertainty of two years, more
or less; SO that between 1856 and 1860 those
who are then living may hope to see the
great I utn mary which in 1566 caused Charles'
V. to abdicate.
Ite),- A Mr. B. W. Richmond writes a letter
to the Now York Tribune, in which he'states
that a change is going.on in the atmosphere.
which will result in a period of terrible and
universal disease. But for- the &oath last
summer, he says that America would now
be one vast hospitat—The numerous earth
quakes of the past year in Asia and America
aro a proof of this great atmospheric change:
Our present dronth is to be followed by a
success on of long and severe winters - and
wet and cold summers, and during the sell.
60118 to come for nine years ive' - may look
for more sickness among the human race.,