Carlisle herald. (Carlisle, Pa.) 1845-1881, January 10, 1855, Image 1

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    L. BEATTy,
The C.!tettsm3 llett.u,n iSylublitibotl weekly on a large
thoot, containing PO PO V llobirSixs, and furnished to sub-:
ihers at the rate of 51.50 If paid strictly in advance;
$1.75 it' paid within thu year; Or $2 In all eases when
tyinent io delayed until after the expiration of the
year. No subseriptions received for a lean period than
- sit to tuthii, and none discontinued until all arrearages
are pail. unless at the option of the publisher. Papers
. relit to subscribers living out of Cumberland county
mu :t l o paid fir In advance, or the p•tyntout assumed
by some responsible person living ill Cumberland coun
t;. "hese terms/will be rigidly adhered to in all cases.
AdVert ~.units will ho charged $l.OO per square of
twelve linen for three insertions, and 25 cents for each
subs,' pieta insertion. All advertisements of less than
twelve lines considered as a square. The following rates
will be charged for Quarterly, half Yearly and Yearly
3 Monthn. 6 Months. 13 Months.
- I Slot Are, (12 , 119e1,) $3.00 $5.00 4
5,0n8.00 12.00
..;;; ,I,',' o.lnniu, -• • 8.00. 12.00 16,00
13.00 20.00 30,00
1 - " - - 25.00 - :samo 45.00
Advertisements Inserted Marria;es and Deaths.
8 cents per line for Oral Insertion, and 4 cents per line
forsuh, leant inrertions. Communications on seNects
of limited or individual interest will be charged 5 cents
per lino. „,,The Proprietor will nut be resprmslble in dam
ft--leS for errors in advertisements. Obituary notices not
oxeeeding live lines, will be inserted without charge.
The Ctotasial Itcitnn PRI NTINII OFFICT. is the
largest and most complete establishment in the county.
Threo Presses, and a general variety pt material
6 - uitud for Plain and Fancy work of ev'ery kind. enables
us to do Job Printing.nt the shortest notice and on the
most reasonable terms. Persons in want of Bills. Blanks
or any thing. in the Jobbing line. will find it their In
terest t !gtve us a call. Every variety or BLANKS eon
trtintly on hand.
R5) - -. All hitters on business must be post-paid to se•
euro attention.
4j - carrol &torn(' ;Information
Vice Pre,filetit—(do faet( - 0, D. R. ATtlicsoF.
Feeret.try of Mato-11'm. 1.. :11.fitcY.
Feer,tary 4 Interi,,,•_ll4.l{T 11cCi.r.I.LANP.
Seerol.urr of Treasitry—JAm f... 4 Ucnuur..
of NV ;tr—.l i'FFKR: 4 oN
fief•rotar . .. of Nmv),-.1 C. DOBBIN'.
Post. tiler General—JAmns
Att•lrno' I;eoeral—C \1.1.11
Chief .Itvition of Drilled States—R. 11. TANEY
Govrrnor—Wm. 11:r.1.En. •
Sec:ref:try of Etatethrttll.ll.3 W. litteK. •
Surveym. Goneral—J. P. Eh kts
Audit'n• (huthra.l,-E. Ks.
.Jul of the Supreme Court—J. S. EL %ex, E. Lents
W. B. Lowult:: G. W. %VomurAuh, J. C. Kos.
C OUff TV orraczas.
Prosi.L•nt .11ws 11. iht 111%M.
A :;,4.11.i. at • uslAos —I I ~r 1 .1 olni Hupp, s".. 4 ainuel Wood
.ttt,,,rney—John Shearer
froth pnot..try—Daidel IC. 'mull,
Ac.--.l"lin :M. Oregg.
Reg* , ster—William Lytle.
111;u 310.1.10niumtl; Deputy, .Inures
Trvasliger—N. W. \Foods.
G)rotior--.Jostpli C. Tlynnilspn.
Gnu v issi..nen: —Jolt n lit ,latrws A rinstrong,
teorgo M. lira Liam. Oar]: to Connnis..doners, llillintn
It i
Directlral of the Voor+—Genr,re Speedier, fle , rge Brin
dlo, John C. Brown. 6upo,i ntentiont of Pour Muse—
Joseph Lobach.
Chid' Airtrghttrixtr•SNOßLE. tittrges—Clttrlcs figllby.
Tosin Cottneil—John D. Parker. l'reshlentl It. Beatty,
Henry Nlyers, I. 5. Egbert, David itle , adA, Christian In
holt; John thaskill, Peter Monyer. (leo. Z. Bretz.
Clerk to CLIIIIICii—JainuN L- -
Con,t.tbhjs—Joseph Stewart, lligh Con table; Hobert'
nejartney, Want Constahlo.
Flr,t Pmsbyterlan Church, northwest angln of Cottri ,
F.itiaro. Hut% Co? %V 1,115 rastor.—."•••rvlces every
Sunday morning, at II ii cluck, A. :$l, and i cieluck,
I'. M.
So:ond Presbyterian Ch tvh, corner of South I lawn or
and Pomfret. streets. No pastor at present, hut pulpit
titled by pros by t erhil app otments. ,men itVS CW11111011:
att 1.1 WO. wk. A. M., inid i o - rlo:k. P. 31.
,St..hdins Church, (Prot. Epise,,p3ll /undo of
, Oeutre :quare. Iter..l teoa 11. Mons„ Ilectr. Service,.
at I I o'cloek., A.M., and 3 o'clock, P. M.
N 7 u,rlish Lutheran Church, Bedford' het%coon 31ain and
Luither streets. Rev. .1 %con FRY. PAstor. S rtiron
at II a rl.nk A. M., 111/4 n 4, o'ciovn. P. X
••. . .
. .
1.1„g111.111 Ittlf 4 . 1110.1 ('h arch, Lather, beta ecn ILtnover
an 14" Pit t streets. liev. A. IL Kai:Mt:lL Pastor. ;era ices
at 10 1 . 2 : o'clock, A. M., and 03:', P. M.
E.Church, (first tha et triter of Main and
l'ltt streots. Her. S. 1,. Services at
11 o'clorlt. A. M., and -
o'clock, I. M.
Motholist E. Chnrch, (second Charge) Het'. 3.
Joie , , 1% 1 1, Farr lees In c.dlege Ch.ipel, at 11 o'clork :
A. M.. ao , I S o'clock, P. M.
It Catholic Church, Pomfret, near East street.—
Sr.a.vires by lies, Mr. DoNmtoo, every second Sunday.
A tlitratan Latherati Church is in' coin cc of erection
rot Ow owner of Pomfret nod Bedford streets. Thu cat
greg.ttian, which has yet no stated Pastor, held their
servi , es in Ediwation Hall. •
.44-Whoa changes in tho above aru necessary the pris
por persons are requested to notify us.
Rev. Charles Collins, President and Professor of Mora
Rev. liortnan M. Johnson, Professor of Philosophy
and 1:11,41isli Literature.
James W. Alarshall, Professor of Ancient Languages.
Rev, Otis 11. Tiffany, Professor of .Mathematles.
William M. NVilson, Lecturer, on Nafitral Science and
°orator of tho Museum.
Alexaudvr Schenk; I'rofer•For of llobrew and Modern
Jlunjaui n Arbogast, Tutor in Languages.
Samuol Prluelpal of the Grammar.Sehool
'William A. Snlyuly, Assistant in the (Irauunar Sehbo
O%RIASLE DePOSIT BlNK.—PrOSldent, itichlini Marker
Win. 31. !Scutum; Clerks, Ilunry A. eturgoon
Jo%eph Iloffor. ,Diroctors, ISlkhnrd Parkor, Henry Six
bpit, Joh:, 3. Storrott, .101111 Zug. Henry Logan, !tuber
Wore, Samuel l'hurry, John Sanderson, Hugh Stuart.
,Broderick Watts; Secretary and Treasurer, Edward M.
111111 e ; Superintendant, A.B. Smith. Passenger trains
t wire a day Eait ward, leaving Carlisle at 1015 o'clock.
A. M. and 3.-10 o'clock, P. 31. Two trains every day West
ward,,leaving Carlisle at 0 o'clock, A.M. and 2,20, P. M.
••Irl. Watt": SOCIVIDry, I,DIDIDA 'Todd; TiNNOD.IIIII',
11. 11tVAIDD ; F. Watts, Richard Parker, Lemuel
Wei. M. Meetein, 1)r. IV. IV. I),de, Franklin Gard
ner. Henry tiltu.s.
• •
• hr.rrha P.).;;Wlr..—r.rBLagt, on nil l e ttersr of one-hal.
•0.11.0 wel4ht or under, 3 rents pro-pall, or h gents un
pALl, !except to Californ in and Oregon, so high are it cents
ifro-paid, or hi centsunpald.)
NgtV7 , l'Ari:ll.l.—POStAgo on the lion kt.n---within the
sou:sty, On cc. Within the State 13 coots per year. To,
war part ofJhe United Stateq, 2(1 gents.
Postage on all transient parrs under 3 ounces-In
freight, 1 cent pre-paid or 2 CUBES unpaid.
CAUL sz H.EraALD •
130 0 K & ,1013 PRINTING OFFICE,
IN THE'ItEAII OF 'NI F. COUlA' ; :lioltSu.
DrQry ileacrlptho of honk rtrol .10; • Printing exeuticd
fen !pile liotke awl on n•asonablo turnm
. ' .
..s, .
c :1 . g
4,.. t .,1
. k , : -..- , :,.., ......-' ' 4 . , "le -I - .
lilifiTAL 's -1 • • L
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The annual message of Governor Bigler
is of the old fashioned extreme lengthy
kind, and instead of publishing it entire, we
think a greater number or our readers will•
be made acquainted with its contents by a
careful synopsis than if the. task of reading
the whole thing is presented to them. Those
who wish.. to read the whole document will
find no scarcity of copies.
The Governor opens his Message with a
review of the general events of the past
year, and the expression of thankfulness to
a beniticent Providence fin• his goodness and
. .. .
The financial affairs of the State are then management on both these bran c hes b ears
. the marks of skill and economy. The introduced and we Bit e this part of the rues
penses on the Allegheny Portage road have
sage without abbreviation; .
been largelv reduced, and the business better
The operations of the Treasury for tl,e, levelled than at any former_periud___ _As_a_
fast year, will be presented to you in detail, whole, 1 feel constrained to say, that-the con
by the head of that department. The results dition of the spublie works has been inn
are highly satisfactory. showing a steadily proved during the last veer; in no other par
increasing revenue frinn nearly all the urdi- titular, to so valuable - an extent, as in the
dare sources. matter of contracting debts, winch it seems
The aggregate receipts for the fisted year has been almost entirely avoided. The of
of 1854, including loans and the balance in titers on the respective lines report that they
the Treasury, on the 30th of' November; have paid all expenses; and some of them
18.53, amounted to the sum of $6,665,912 01. have gone so far as to say to the Canal
The gross payments for the same period, to board that they will lie • personally resumnsi•
the sum of $5,421,983 29; leaving a balance ble for any debts that may hereaher be dis•
on the 30th of November, of $1,2 le, 929 72. covered. This is truly a 'great reform—for
. 'The extraordinary payments - consisted of nothing has cost the State so much, as the
the following items, to wit: loans repaid, pernicious pract i ce of ,„„16,,,,4 debt on the
$235,888 30; to the North Branch canal, public works;-1 still think it shailil be in-
5206,5,52 76; to the construction of the new terdicted by positive law.
railroad over the Allegheny mountain, $461, In my last message I gave icy views at
912 03; to the payment of debts on the heigth, as to the principles and rides that
public works, $389,946 38. Of the balance should etintrui in the management of the
remaining in the Treasury, a portion is ap• State improvements, and I need not repert
plicable to the ,payment of the State debt, them in this. 1 would respectfully suggest,
-and remainder to current demands. however, that so much of the law ns binds-
The simple, or ordinary operations- of the the Canal Commissioners to a fixed rate of
Treasury for-the same period were 115 follows, tolls for the whole season, should lie repeal
to wit: the receipts, exclusive of loans and ed. The officers directing the operations of
the balance in the•Transerv,on the 30th of the public works should, it seems tome, - be,
November, - 1853, realized frdm permanOet left flee to 'meet the exigencies in trade and
sources, amounted to the sum of $52218,099- commerce, as they may arise.
00. The ordinary expenditures, Including The work on the Mountain railroad has
- the interest on the 'State debt and all the —• 1 -1 -1: .1 it • . 1 :
progressee 13 01N 1., 11111 1.11 oov,ons that it
payments on the finished lines of the public twill not be fully completed before the sum•
works, excluding the payments on new works mer of 1855. I must confess myself sadly
and loans, amounting to $3,116,7-14 81; be disappointed as to the time and money con
ing $1,101,490 13 less than the receipts. sunieskl in the construction of this work. The
This statement may be regarded ns the expenditures since I came into office, have
workings of the Treasury simplified; anti as eTeatly exceeded the whole amount estimated
establishing the gratifSlrig, fact, that the las necessary to complete the lino; and yet,
present reliable revenues of tlm State, exceed it is but justice to say, that . the Pennsylvania
the ordinary or unavoidable expenditures, railroad, lying parallel with it', has cost a still
over a million of dollars; and . that, relieved
larger sutraper mile.
' from the demands for the construction of i have endeavored, during. my service, to
new improvements, the Treasury could par a guard against the commencement of Mimes
million or mere of the public debt annually. of this or any ether character, to entail future
It is ill also be perceived that the income I liabilities on the Treasury. This ought to
from these sources is 'steadily increasing. he t h e ~,,,tded 11(111 Cy o f t h o, s tate. N o new
For instance, in 1946, with the State tax at I improves nen ts should be undertttken, upon
present rates, and the same i extent of ine any pretext whatever. Time payment of the
proyements in use, with nearly all the present I debt and that only, should absorb the stir
sources of revenue in operation, the gross : ides, revenues ef the Treasury. If this policy
receipts amounted to but little over three ant i
le pursued, no other financial scheme, to
a half millions. .\, , pay the debt, will be necessary. The large
No more reliable estimate of the opera- annual surplus will reduce the State's in
tions of the Treasury for 1855 can be made, debtedness with sufficient rapidity.
than is furnished in the results for 183.1.
I regret, exceedingly, the, necessity of an-
The ordinary receipts may be safely, esti•
mated at a million of dollars above the on• ouncing to you that the North Branch canal
avoidable expenditures. A portion of this is not yet in full operation). It is now more
than a year since the Canal Commissioners
excess will be required to complete the new
Portage railroad, and the North Branch directed the water to be let into the main
canal; and the remainder should be faith-
trunk of that improvement, and declared
fully applied towards the payment of the their confident belief, that it would be in
State debt. successful operation by the middle of last
summer; bet their sanguine expectations, as
The state of time public works and their well ns those of the people, have, in this- re
management, is next presented by the Cos -- - spe c t, been sadly disappointed. A variety
ernor, who ,seems to be pretty, well pleased of unforseen difficulties presented themselves
with the result. We think, however, the tax- in the way of the attainment of this end.
The old work, constructed sonic twelve or
payerseLthe_State_will_not_be_so_partieularly fiftteen Years-sinceas-well-ns-some-se-ctions
pleased, especially with the exhibit of the of the new, located on the hill side, near the
North Branch section. The Govenor says:— margin of the river, when tested by the ad-
The aggregate receipts on the public works mission of water, turned out to be
. porous,
for the past yeart'as reported by the Canal and totally insufficient in its material' and
Commissioners, amounted to the sum of $l.- formation. In some instances . rocks, roots,
876,0788'8i and the expenditures to the :HIM trees and stumps, have been concealed under
Of $1,101,570 54; leaving a balance of $77-1,. the bottom of the channel, covered only by
508 31, froin which, however, should be de- a few inches of earth; thus presenting but a
ducted the sum of $37,900, properly charge. slight obstruction to the passage of (lie water
able to the. year,,for new locomotives and out intoisthe bed of the river.
Ibis is especi
other unavoidable expendinires—thus reduce I ally the case- in much of the old work. In
ing• the net
,profits to $736,608 3j. ' If we places,no short
mull such sections or remedy,
'add to this, $131,00 . 0 00 received froin the of a reconstruction of the bottom of the
Pennselvaiiia railroad cempany for the three and this was
canal, could prove sufficient;
mill tax, which is claimed by some as a part necessarily a tedious and expensive process.
of the income from the public works, we find There is still a considerable portion of the
a net revenue of $867,000; a sum 'equal to work to remodel in this way; but it is confi
the interest on seventeen millions of the five dently believed that it will be ready for use
cent.debt of the State. The aggregate
per in the , early part of the coming season.
receipts were $57,121 less thail for-the year That the utmost skill and vigilance has at
1853, and the redaction in expenditures all times been exhibited by the agents of the
amounted to over $159,287 00. no with- State, on this line, Ido not believe; 'but the
drawal of the business of the Pennsylvania deficiency, in this particular, on the new
railroad from. the Portage 'road, readily ac- work, has not been so palpable as
counts for this difference. some. Indeed, since May last, great energy
'Viewed in erery aspect, this exhibit is has characterized the mantiement on this
gratilvine• Few 'similar systems of improve- line; the President of the Canal Board hay
meet in the country eau present a more .
leg devoted mitch of his time to a personal
fr 6
lhiitr fur tly Cirri's.
favolfahlC picture. Sotne of them, in other•
States, have recently been reduced to a con
dition of virtual insolvency. 'l'lie increase of
buss Less on .the State works for. the last two
year, has exceeded our anticipations; and
but for the necessity which seemed to exist
fin• a re.luction in tolls to meet surrounding
edmpetition, the revenue would have been
largely increased. The general movement
now on foot amongst railroad companiq, to
advance these rates, may perhaps, relieve the
State to some extent in this respect.
The Delaware division makes a most
gratifying exhibit. The gross receipts count
ed i13d5,327 07, and the expenditures $59,.
738 67, showing a net profit of i 5305,588 .11);
a sumi equal to the interest on six millions of
the public debt, and to 20 per cent on the
original cost of the work, including the ex•
penditnres for new locks. •
The North Branch canal Itnd the Colum•
his railroad also present favorable results.
The business and tolls on the former have
increased with markt:d rapidity; Ind the
;;• •
..._ •
jf'7 ° „J.*.
vs. • 0, 4 ••,•; ;;:.r. *
superviSion of the work. But it is obvious,
no degree of capacity in the State's agents,
for the last year, could have overcome all the
difficulties, that were encountered, with sof
ticieut celerity, to have entirely satisfied
public expectation.
At the time .I. came into office, the sum
necessary to complete this work was estima
ted at $172,000. Since that time the sum of
$1,206,552 72 has been expended, and it will
still ru quire, as estimated by the Canal
Board, $6O, 10'0 to put it into complete ope
ration. ,
Whilst I regret this unforeseen cost and
delay, I cannot refrain from repeating my
unfaltering conlidenee." - in the wisdom of the
policy that dictated the completion of this
work. The large increase of businbss and
tolls for the year just closed, on the older
portion of the line, indicates what we may
satclaa anticipate from the new and, I can
not doubt, that the gross amount of business
it will cothmand, and the revenue •it w.ll
yield, will exceed the most sanguine expecta
tions of its advocates. The inexhaustible
mines of coal with ra•hich that section of the
State. abounds, the products of which are
destined to pass tlo•ough this avenue to a
limitless_ market, will furnish-for it a never
tailing ,supply of business and tonnage. Be
sides, its eompletiou will he an act of just ice
to the iud'ustrions and enterprising inhabit
ants of that part of the Commonwealth,; who
have heretofore willingly contributed towards
the construction of the other improvements
of the State, from which they could derive
but little advantage. It will, also, add to the
general prosperity of the adjacent country;
to_the value of property, and consequently to
the revenues of the State.
The Governor next presents a series of
figures, showing that during his term the
stun of $3,088,778 has been expended on
new improvements, while at 'the same time
the funded debt has been reduced a quarter
of a million.
The Governor next gives his views in re
lation to the sale of the public works. It
Is as the Governor remarks, "a proposition
full' of difficulty," but we hope that the now
administration will be able to devise some
way of disposing of these works by which
' ihe,interests of the People will not .solfer.—
The people's will, unquestionably- is that they
shall be sold. The message says—
As made my duty, by an net of the Legis
lature, approved the 27th of April last., pro
viding fur the sale of the main line of the
public works, sealed proposals for its purchase
were invited, up to the first Monday of .1 - tdv
last. No oilers were made under this invi
tation ; and public notice was again given,
on the 14th of November last, in accordance
with the 29th section of the act, tier proposals,
to be submitted to the General Assembly;
but none have been received. This improve
ment la; therefore, still the property of the
State, subject to such disposition as the Le
gislature may deem necessary.
My mind has undergone no change, on the
subject of selling the public works, since the
period of my last message. I tliiidt the poi
icy of the tn,•asure depends mainly upon the
price that can be obtained, and the coedit--
ions on which purchasers may be willing to
hold these works for the use of the - poblie
With 'a full and fair consideration, and on
terms amply protective of the rights and in
terests of the people, in the future enjoyment
of these highways.---8, Sill() might not prove
injurious to the publiq weal. But it is-cer
tainly neither wise not' politic to assume that
they must be sold for whatever can be ob•
Mined; or ihnt they should in any event, be
given away. Nothing could have a inure
prejudicial effect upon the interests of the
Star as involved in. these inprovements,
th an tl t ? av owa l of such a determination.—
Nor less unwise to disparge the value of
the coMmonwealth's property, at the very
moment of puling it in the market for sale.
No intelligent private citizen would so act:
in reference to his own estate. Ile would
hardly - give - notice to capitalists, in advance,
that he would sell his farm for a fair price :
but if unwilling to pay such a resosalde eon.
sidetation, they could have it fOr half lie
money. Nor would such a person proclaim
that of all the farms in the country, his was
the least productive.
It is certainly the wish of many good eiti 7
zees of the State—perhaps the majority—
that the pubic works should be sold; but this
&Aire is evidently bassed on the assumption
that the measure would be one of real (Ton
omy—that it would lessen, withoutthe hazard
of inereasing,•their annual taxes. The real
ization of such an object, it must be perceived
then, depends entirely upotrthe price and
terms. Those. who desire a sale, certainly
expect the state to be the gainer by such
measure. No other important, or suflieient
reason for parting with this property has
been assigned. •
It is usually said that the Works should be
sold to pay the public debt and lessen the
burthens of the people; hut it must be ob
served, that I% sale might he made at a price
far too low to effect such purpose ; and itt•so,
to give them away 'would be stilll — los - 4 likely
to produce the desired result. Should., \ :the
gross sum received, not be-equal to that on
on which the net earnings would pay the in
terest, then the effect would, hi: to increase,
rather than diminish these antial burthens.
This is not what. the people desire to acitin
plish by a sale; nor will they he satisfied
with such disposition of their property.
TllO real value of the public works, is a
prmosition fitll of difficulty; andel doubt not
the Octiliral Assnntly v.. 111 epproaeh the in
,pole, only impressed with its importance.—
Tenm illions oldollars ens ti:, - .611 1 by the law of
last session, as the price for the main 'line.
This minimum is said by some to be tot:
high, and the fitilure to sell, regarded as OW
co tsori , ;ouee." Others a tribute the
of !ibid.-vs to the condition of the money inar•
ket,---ht the stringy:tit restrictions imposed
npon tl., law; and to the' efforts- that 11a,1
been previously made to disparage the value
of the lino. If it it is obvious that more Iliac
one of those causes may In . tve operated; and
a ;treater the all may have been, the hope
of getting this property on bettei terms, at a
future time. 1 feel very confident that the
latter consideration was not without its influ
ence. But, be this as it may, it is certainly
wiser to fitil to sell from any one of these
e:r:so.3 than to hazard the works in lite mar
ket, iv ithout any restrit lion or limitation Hz+
Li- price or conditions. A hud sale would
as:tit:Ay be a greater misfortune, than no
sale et all.
NO. 19.
The rNultitc , to the poople from
thos e impronettiunits,. have been filMierons
and, di% ersiticd. They have liicititated truth.
and. comnowce t glimulated productive it.
do-tr, 1,1 1"..1'V 11 , 11;111111CM( i 11,:td have.
0:11V Otiallii'd the i'arimr t I reach a ready
ta'id:ct with tlo• frnite of hi+ labor. but haNr
fur.ti,ll,.d t7.,:nidotr ont Ha for tht , rick min
era; tr,a•ar,.; of the St:tt.o. Withou (Iwo)
tht‘ tn . ::wr •.i.,1111d he deprk t•dol his' ” cc;lpt
lion. tho. trail-Tor:yr 1).. It•ft in Indidess d i :ti.
tution, and till' ( 7 , omm inweabh it Ai lf b,. po . :
1161.1 , 1 I ) retain a pacsirtwoitats possession , i
vtlit 111:!+•.'i Or natural and lint ti,;
ri,dtes. ()lir rre.:eci•s,tri weer it ise in op, n
in: tt,,, , ,1.:0nnf...i f,l t, 1 r ;1111 , Mijr,‘_:ll . ..__
'and if w. , . ‘liilt to hp r iti• I wi3O hereafter, v..•,
sll 1.!I a it rashly an,l I-Ntily . tio•ow away th,'
alt aata ; ., s ~: tl,eir 1,1'..1ek. use. .Plll3 Ll,e. t,,
OW 'MI l',h•A, iii OW t•V....1.t of a 'sale', rap
wily by ~, t.ourA by a joaLnIA protoction ot:
the right of the people to enjoy it. ' The very
first conditiona Or alloh , 3 in ensure should be.
th it the worli.A, an 1 every branch of. them,
be kept at all times in good order and it,
operating eondition,_,and remain fbrevet
public -_h a. the use of all person.:
who may wish to transport goods or flier
chAndise over them, upon rates nut great
er than those upon other similar
improvements. No corporation should get,
possession of these:valuable rmmies, on snub
conditions as would enable it to impose un.
reas..mattle hurthens on the internal .traoc
and tonage of the State, or in any war to
enerutch upon the rights of the individual
eitizen.• To obviate such results, the powers,
privileges and restrictions of any corporation
getting the works, should he minutely delin.
el. Past experience Suggests these pra
dential counsels; for we have oftca s.rt
in this State, how difficult it is to conlinc
the operations. of , these artificial bodies with
in the limits prescribed be the law; and we
should nut fail to profit by tine lesson.
The Board of Commissioners appointed
examine and settle certain claims again:f
tlic Commonwealth, have found tlic debts to
exceed the appropriation made by the last
legislature for that purpose nearly $50,09h.
The system of contracting debts by public
officers is justly rept - cherb:ld hy.the Cu% vr
The Governo'r takes ground against the
repeal of so much al' the art incorporating
thc: Pentigylvania Railroad Company a ri •
quires it to pay into the Treasury u !many a
certain per centag,e on the amount of tonnage
which may pass over that road, as an equi
valent for the privileges granted by the coin
monwealth. This tax amounted in 1853 to
$71,000, and in 183 1 to $131,000.
In the spring of 1833, the policy of eat:•
relation of Relief notes was again resumed,
and up to this date $183,384 88 has been I.i:-
received into the sinking fund applicable to
that purpose, leaving the meagre sum of
$15 , 1,778 12 to provide fel.. These can be
withdrawn during the current year..
The currency next receives the Governor's
attentiotyand the present crysis in money
matters/is dwelt upon. An extensive in
crease of bankit g capital and other expedi
ents he thinks will be pressed upon the Le
gislature, but hopes they may not find favor.
The energy, honesty and enterprise the
business community will soon overcome the
The _temperance_gnestion-and-the-vote- o f
the people last tall upon prohibition are al
hled to. The Governor regards the vote
given as, indicating that the people desire
sonic reformation of the abuses of intemper
ance. The existing laws might, in the opin
ion of thi3 Governor, be usefully revised—the
object of such revision being to lessen the
vice of intemperance. That those laws need
anch revision, is conceded. So far us relates
to the city of Philadelphia, they are particu-
larly prejudicial to public morals, and seem
to have 'been constructed to promote tho con
venience of drinking, far more than to re
strain its evil consequences.
The subject of Commthi Schools is warm
ly tuoched upon and various improvements
suggested. Spjcial legislation, inconsistent
with this general law applicable to' particular
localities or districts, to Answer temporary
or partial ends have always embarassed
the system and should be carefully avoided.
Any attempts to create' separate schools
utuler sectarian . patronage should be re
jected::`' Til profession of the Teacher,
should be elev." cd and made permanent at
other professim The ()Ilea of Conroy
-,`„, Centinkd on •Ith page. • ,