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to l'ittraturt, Eirttratitin, Asritiilittrt, Da/ into 'flair etuttral triarntatitat.
EE BEtti"TY Proprietor.
t!Lct r 09 .
DE. GEE. W. nir,ancmc
ENTIST, carefully attends to all operations
IP upon the teeth and odjacen s l parts that dis
ease of irregularity may require: lle win also
insert Artificial Teeth of every description.
such us Pivot, Single and B auk teeth, and
teeth with "Continuous Gums " and will con
struct A,rttficial Palates, Obturators, Regula
ting Pi.tc.s, and every op •iunco used in the
D a tit4l Art.—Operating Room at thi residence
of Dr. Samuel Elliott, Bast High St: Carlisle
Dr s GEORGE Z. 311RETZ,
operations upon the
teeth that (nay be re
rewired for thou presery Arttligial. teeth
inserted, from a single tooth to an entire set, of
the In tat scientific principles. Diseases of the
niJitti .1111 irregularities carefully treated. 01
fi to a the residence of his brother, on North
Pitt Street. Carlisle
D/L. I. C. LOOIVIIS,
.WILL perform all
...er it „ r o operations upon the
Teeth that are requi•
red for their preservation, such as Sciding,Filing
Plugging, &c .or will .restore the loss of th em,
by inserting Artificial Teeth, from a single tooth
to a falhsett. 0:IT - Office on Pitt street, o few
&lora south of the Railroad 1-Yrtel. Dr. L. is oh
ant from Carlisle the last ten days ,of eve'
.. • -.r1 , 7
91111 1 IP
VON HEILEN respect fully informs the
. citizens of Carlisle and vieinit y. that be
has just returned from Caltiornia, and is prepa
red to ex pulte all.kinds of work connected with
his line - of business. — He lies - always on ha..d
largo assortment of ready made
ItifloS, 'Gans, Pistols, Locks,
Keys. Gun Trimmings, &c, all ill which lie will
sell wholesale or retail. He ale attends to re
Pairing Guns, clocks locks; &c; engraves on
brass, copper and iron. He hopes that by strict
attention to business; and a desire to please, he
will merit and receive public patronage."
H.bidence—'-West Main street, opposite Cro ,
I (Kr All kindi of Fire Arms made to order
Carlia!e. Apl 26. 1859-1 y
SPLENDID JrEWEINIM !
Holiday Presents, Zice.
- West High street, a few
.doors west or Burkhol
der's Hotel, Carlisle
has just received the
largest and most elegant
if.. --- )
's,`• t: .< -.......:::,
... .../wei --
ever offered in Carlisle, coitaisting in part f
Gold and Silver W Aches of every variety, end
at all prices, eight-day cLochs. Silver table
and tea srmons, silver table forks and butter
knives, gold and silver spectacles; ladies' and
gentlemen's gold pen and pencil, gold chains ot
everyditscription, ear and finger rings, breast
pins, &e. at all prices. Also .Accordeons and
Musical Boxes, with a great variety of, Fancy
Articles, selected expressly for the Uolidays.
Persontrdesiring to purchase ore invited to cal:
and examine the assortment. We are prepared
to sell at very reasonable pi ices, Quality of
altgoddi - vditahldti tilbe - ns fine as sidd for.
— THONIAS CONLYN,
West flight Street•
DPn 28, 1853
TIE at bscriber desires to inform his old ens
tamers and the public that he has tempora•
rill - removed his estaldish.nent lour doers booth
of his old stand, on North Hanover street,where
he has just opened a large assortment of
800 I'S, SHOES. GAITERS:- trx.
which cannot b surpassed in style, quoin) and
price. and to which he invites the attenttou 01
LNDIF,s , WEAT.I
For Ladies and Misses his stocic•is well se•
looted -and complete, comprising the most ash
ionable styles or Congress. Silk Gaiters, color•
ed French Gaiters, Morocco Boots, foxed with
palest leather,'of all colors and qualities, to
ge her with Abuses Gait, rs,land a full supply of
evemdescriplion of Boots Shoes and Gaiters
for Ladies, Misses and Uhildrene wear, at all
Calf. Kip and Coarse Boots Of diflerent qualifier..
and prices; black and drab Congress Gaiters;
patent leather Sultan Walking Shoeil Alt-Itte•
rey Ties and Pumps, patent lea.ber end cloth
fancy Toilet Slippers, Pte. - A lull,assortment
of the above styles of Boys' wedr. Also a
general assortment of Calf Kip and coarse
'll.llntroes and Shoes at all prices.
'Phis extensive suet of new and fashionable
styles has been selected with. great cure end the
quaCt.y, is warranted.. -- They only need to be
examined to ho approved. fle also continues
to manufacture all kindtof work as before.
gO - Rips will be rgpaired -gratis. Feeling
confident his airtim tmerit will give - entire satis•
faction, both as regards quality and price, be
-respectfully solicits public natronatge.
april Id. JON A PHAN COItNMAN.
China, Glass ,and Iliosnsware.
OLlYheusekeepers and young, with !hoes also
who are expecting to become , houeekcep
era, are invited to call nt
• 11 kLBERT'S FAMILY' GROCERY
and examine his elegant assortment 'ol' China,
Glass and :Queensware, and other articles in
the. housekeeping line, uch as French and
Eitglish tea setsrheavy banded arid plain,
White Granite, gilded and blue do,
NtDinruir aPto bl•evory 'variety and price,
A.ABowls and•pitchers;turieens, dishes. &e.
tigGlass-wire—centre table and mantel lamps,
Candelabras and other lamps, great variety,
NI Pablo and. Mir tumblers, goblets, &c.
Fmit and prose ve inyariety.
Cedar wire—tubs, blicketa,ehttrris., bowls,
Butter prints and ladles, mearbucktits, &sc. ;
Brushes—sweeping, white Wash. scrubbing,
. - Hand_and - shoe brushes; dusters, brooms, &c.'
1. Market, clothes and travelling baskets.
Also it choice assortment of Tobacco and Se
gars. Call ye who are (odd of choice brands of
Sevin and try the Principes. Regattas , Sief
(ennuis and other Cuba varieties, and you will
find them 01 unimprachabla quality. Also hall
Spanish and Common Segura. with ehMee
Snug' and chewing tobacco. apl26
• rhe Spring of 1854.
WILL ben memorable one in the annals of
our Boreuela—.-for the L G
S T 0 C ft, bands rmast._:cheap; at and beet
GOODS are now selling If rapidly at Bentz
Sc Hrothore,oheap store. Gurgled; consietset
Silks, Bareges, Meanies, • Lawns. Dame de
Laing. Gin hams, Da Dagen, Alintehla, Cali
coes. \fulling, Cheeks, Tickinga. Diapers. &c.
Bonnets; itihhen, .Parasols',' Gets for summer,
Mogen, ffesiery, Laces, Ddgings; Spring
Shawb, French Worked Collars, Tritnmings,
Ike. • Cloths; Cassimerg, Vestings and 81111111M1r
gran for' \fon aid Boy'd 'wear, together with
a :vont other Giiods not mentioned here,
but on examination our stock be found In
be the lamed in Cumberland county and will
be sold very Inr„ •
April•l2. '54. ' RENTZ n R OTIIERS
ei A Ti.PEINTEMS; Cithiliet.tookers, Waggon.
maltors , .Cosch.intiltette.'Slhoo.makermand
Mechanics genei oily, who pre-in
,wiint of good
TOOLS. to call nt.Lvne's, where Von 'colt nl.
ways, he supplied with, n kitt.or superior
Triple from the hest . manitlPcturies. ' Warren..
ton at plicate lowet than ever was heard of ac'
JOIE P.l.Oll'lE. '
• • .W.ASido North L1414010t ft . toot. •
THERE ARE TWO THINGS,, SAITH' LORD BACON, WHICH MAKE A EXIION GREAT AND 'PROSPEROUS--,A FERTILE SOIL AND BUSY WORKSHOPS,—TO WHICH LET ME ADD KNOWLEDGE AND FREEDOM.—Bialtop
1 - ,%ituricat gkittlj
THE ARREST OF AARON BURR.
It became evident, ° early in the summer of
3800, that Burr bad some designs on foot, and
the silence and secrecy which attended all his
movements failed not to excite the suspicions
of the Government, thro' their sect et agents.
President Jefferson, in his special message of
January 28, 1807, says that he „had two tlis,
tinct objects in view—"one of these the sever
once of the union of the States by the Alleghe--
ny mountains, the other nn stuck on Mexico;
a third object was probably merely ostensible,
to which the settlement of a pretended pur
chase of a tract of country on the Washita,
claimed by a Baron Bastross." .
In the hitter part of the year 1800, a party
of Kentuckians, induced by the proclamation
of President Jefferson. arrested Burr and
.brought him to trial. Henry Clay, whom Burr
has previously and frequently met, appeared
as his counsel ;'rind he was acquitted upon the
ground of insufficiency of'evidetace to convict
Thus released, he continued do'wn the Missis
sippi with a few boats and men , but just
above Natchez, lie was again arrested by Col.
Claiborne, at the instance of the Governor of
Mississippi. Again a prisoner of the United
States; public sympathy in that section was
strongly excited, and lie found no difficulty in
giging the necessary bond for his appearance
at court. When brought before court be de
, nied that his offence come within the jurisdic
tion of 111issienippi --The Attorney General
took sides with him, and insisted that he
should be released from his bail and sent to - a
competent tribunal. The judges, however, re
ruining to grant the apPlication for discharge,
it was ascertained at the opening of the court,
the prisoner had departed. Officers were at
once dispatched in pursuit, and large rewards
offered for his apprehension. And this brings
us to the circumstances of his arrest in Ala
About a month after his failure to appear
,at court, Burr found himself, with one com
panion, in the vicinity of the village of Wake
field,Walington county, Ala: , Fearful of de
tection, ht entered the town under cover of
night, with the determination of passing
— through - and gaining, if possible, the hntisen ,
Col. Hinson, a gentleman whom he had met
at Natchez, and whoduld invited him to his
house. , Riding up to the door of a cabin, Burr
inquired of two young men seated within, first
for the tavern and then for directions to Col.
Hinson's... Perkins, one of the young men, re
plied that it was several miles to Hinson's ;
that the way was difficult to find, and that
dangerous creeks intervened. Tho travelers
thanked them for their information and rode
off. As they passed the door the light shone fully
upon the face of the elder gentleman. Perkins
was a close observer, and the richly capari
soned horse, and fine saddle and holsters, the
noble and dignified mien of the stranger, ob
servable despite his coarse dress, and the
bright sparkling eye, which flashed from be
neath his slouched hat, seemed •to thrust con
viction upon him, and he at once exclaimed,
"That's Aaron Burr."
Satisfiel as to the correctness of his conclu
sion, Perkins at once sought Brightwell, the
sheriff, and in a very short time the two were
following closely upon the tracks of the ti•avel
ere. Arriving- at Col. Hinson's, Burr found
that his friend was abeent. and his request for
a night's entertainment was tacitly refused—
probably trough fear, by Mrs. Hinson, who
quietly closed the window in reply. Making
their way to the kitchen they seated them
selves by the fire, intetiling to pass the night
there; but the sheriff, who wean relation of
Mrs. Hinson, appearing soon after, she hastily
prepared supper for them.' During supper,
Burr charmed the hostess with his elegant,
conversation, though evidently disconcerted
by the keen glances of the sheriff, who remain
ed in the room As (lie , former left the table
before the others, Mrs. Hinson, atilin' instance
of the shei iff, turned to the other traveler
and said, "Have I not the pleasure of enter
inkling Q9l. Burr in the gentlemen who Ins
just walked out?" Much confused, he made
no answer, but rising walked eff Brightwell
was now'satisfied that it was really Burr, but
the fascinating address of the latter had won
his heart, and he did not return to Perkins
whom he had left shivering with cold' in the
Perkins, in the meantime;, becoming impa
tient, and still believing he was right, made
ilaste; t to Fort Stoddard and repor
ted to Captain E: P. Gaines.
diers was at once put in motion under the
command of Capt. Gaines. Directed by Per
kins, tho.party met Burr and his companion
about 9 o'clock in the morning, when tho fol
lowing conversation ensued : • •
Gaines—l presume; air, I have the honor of
addressing Col. Burr.
Stranger-:-I am a traveler in the country,
and do not recognise your, right to ask such a
1, Gaines—l arrest you at the instance of the
Strangeßy what authority do yoliarrest
a traveler, On the highway, on his private bu
Gaines—l am an officer of the army. I
hold in my hands the proclamation of the
President and Governor, direating your arrest..
Stranger—You are a young-man, and may
not be aware of the respoitslinhticit which re
• sult from , arresting travelers/ .
Gaines—l nin aware of the responsibilities,
but I ktiow my duty.
Burr still parsiated in denouncing the arrest
as ,unjUst and unwarranted, nod attempted to
frighten Gaines from the discharge of his du.:
ty, but the latter sternly. replied; ...you ore
ray prisoner, sir, and must accompany me to
%Fort Stbddard." Finding lesituance_of 'no n
ail, Burr yielded, and 'soon foubd himself 'a
prisoner in Fort. Stoddard. , • •
During his stay in the, Fort, hie kind ritten;
Cons to George S. •Gaines, .(breither of the,
Captain,) whom ho found:dongerously 111— ;
his gentletriarily deportment and agreeable ad.
'dross towards nil , inade • him many,, friends
Ile spent ratiolt of his iiMe in the compiiity
of the nitootnplished Mrs. Galnee,'who.enjoyed
muck of bia brilliant uouiersibtion. • T4o lady
CARLISLE, PA., WEDNESDAY, JULY 26, 1854.
,ympatitized deeply, ith the unhappy position
of Burr, and in common With \ the other ladies
of the Fort, shed tears when she saw him de
part for Washington, guarded by a file of sol
The escort was placed under the cowman
of Perkins, at whose instance Burr had been
arrested. With a party of ten men,Perkins
set out upon his arduous journey, his route
lying up the Alabama river to the present city
of Montgomery, thence north eastward through
Georgia, South and North Carolina into Vir
• We, do not propose foll Owing the Party
thro'ugh their many .adventures—at'one time
winding their way thrOugh almost impenetra
ble forests, at another swimming swollen
litreams—riding day byday, wet to the skin
by the driving, pelting rains, and laying nt
night upon piles of knots and chunks to keep
above the water which covered the swamps--
continually - alarmed by the howling of wolves
and other wild beasts—and their- paths infest
ed by bands of savages not less ferocious, etc.
Through nil these and similar triali Perkins
led his prisoner safely, and strange to say,
during the whole route no word of complaint
escaped the lips of the latter —Amid all these
adversities, in which the power of nature ns
well as of man seemed conspiring to crush
him, his epic it sunk not. Truly„his situation
was one to depress nn ordinary spirit. There
was he, who had been alike distinguished in
the field and in the cabinet—who had enjoyed
all the highest favors of a country whose in
'stitutions still near the imprfeis of his &Mud—
there was he, reposing beneath a.rude tent in
the wilds of Alabama; a prlsoner of the United
States, surrounded by a group of soldiers,
whose only business" itas to watch him, 4 and
without one friend, ono congenial' spirit, - to
console and befriend.
Apart from this, his wife had lately died,
his only child woe far off,, ignorant, perhaps,
of his end condition; his professional affairs
disarranged, nod he himself ostracized by that
State with whose history his name Wati'lollll
- connected—and branded wherever he
went an a "murderer and "traitor." Yet
did Aaron Burr rise superior to his fallen for-,
tunes, and during the whole journey bestrode .
his horse with a dignity of mien not unbecom
inethe position he 'had lately filled, while his
-.een eye iliMhed with the light of conscious
superiority upon the rude guard which ad
verse circumstances had placed over him.
While there was muoh of the suaviler in modo
-in Burr's address, there was a dignity of man
ner about him which never failed to rebuke
the rfficious and idle curious. Just after pass
ing the Oconee river the party passed the4tight
for the first time under the roof of a bouee.
Bevin, the landlord, was quite officious, and
his loquacity soon brought upon him a merit
ed rebuke. Unacquainted with the persons
or the objects of the party, he yet discovered
that they were from the West, and began ask
ing many questions touching "Burr's conspir
acy ;" asking if he had not been arrested, and
made many sneering remarks upon his present
fallen condition. Perkins and his companionS,
much embarrassed, tried to ehango the subject,
and elude his inquiries by seeming inattention;
but he still persisted, mhen Burr, rising up to
his full bight, and fixing upon the landlord
his flashing eye, said : "I em Aaron Burr
what is it you want e ith me r Bevin, as if
.hunderstruck, fairly crouched beneath the
withering glance, and during the remainder of
their stay could hardly summon courage to
ask their commands, though most obsequious
in his attentions.
As the party drew near to the confines of
South Carolina, Perkins caused hisirisoner to
be more carefully guarded, Col. Alston, who
had married Burr's only child, resided in this
State, nod Perkins feared lest some attempt at
a rescue should be made. Burr also evident
y !Ad some hopes of such an event, and was
prepared at any time to take advantage of
as was proved by en incident which we take
from Mr. Pickett. In passing through the
county town of Chester district, the party pas
sed near a tavern, before which a crowd of
men had assembled. Seeing the collection of
men en noar him, Burr threw himself from his
horse, and exclaimed, inn loud voice, , t I am
Aaron Burr, under military arrest, and claim
the protection_tf the authoritiesl" Per
king and several of his companions t t. once die
mounted,iihd the former ordered t %prisdner
to remount. Burr, in a most defiautlmanner,
Being unwilling to shobt him, Perkins threw
down his pistols—both of which he held in his
'hands—aWseizing Burr around the waist,
threw him into his saddle. Thomas Malone
cauglit the rein of the horse, slipped them over
his head, and led the animal rapidly on. The
nstouished citizens saw a party. entertheir vii
loge with a prisoner, heard him appeal to them
for protection in the most audible and implo
ring milliner, saw armed nen immediately
snrrounding him'and thrust'him - intO his sad
dle, and then the whole party vanished from
their presence before they could recover teem
Boon after this incident, Perkins obtained a
gig, and in this Burr passed, without farther
adventurir the remainder of his journey; to
Fredericksburg, where dispatches from the
President caused Perkins to take the prisoner
Here be was arraigned and tried, first for
high treason; then for misdemeanor, on both
of which charges he was acquitted. The gra..
vest charge proved against Burr was that he
had _written aletter cypher, avowing his
design of seizing *Baton Rouge as a pretimina•
ry measure, and then extending hi- conquests
to, the Spanish„provinces; But this, be it re.
membered, was proved upon the evidehim'of
Gen. Wilkinson, whose `own skirts were not
entirely:free in this case. - ' , ,
We do not 'wish to be regarded as an ndvo •
onto or ndmirer of Aaron Barr. While we
respect iris genius, we find much in his pri
vate diameter temindemn. But wo mutat be
lieve that the severe censure which public)
opinions heaped upon
,him, was, to. say the
least,. over, hasty,,atitt has thrown -too much
milord upon hip once fair name. ', •
In'eoUitniPlatingthe "traitor," end the' dit
etrOyer ofjfamilton, we
,have forgotten ; the
Man of.dlstinguldhed talents and tbilities—:
legislator; who, has left upon the laws'of -Our
Zinpiru Eitaiti; tinl..invietser of mind, t4e.usetul
U. S. Senator and the Vice President of our
Union, We have carried his virtues NV itl
his vibes and consign ''him to eternal obloquy.
The historian's motto rather should,be,
juslitia, ccelum mat?"
The conclusion of Mr. Pickett, as to the
causes of Burr's great unpopularity, seems to
us quite just and impartial. itie therefore close
this article with an extract from this interes•
ting work :
" One of the great secrets of hie political
misfortunes lay in the malevolence of politic
ians and fanatics, Somebody heard General
Washinp ton sayil "Burr was a dangerous
man," thereupon the world set him down ns
..dangerous man." Ile killed Hamilton in a
duel, bennuae Hamilton abused him, thereupon
the world said he was a "murderer." He was
a formidable rival of Jefferson:s for the rresi
doncy ; thereupon the majority of the repub
lican party said he was n 'political scoundrel.'
He had opposed the Federal Tiorty ; for, that
reason it hated him with exceeding bitterness.
A blundering, extravagant man, named Her
man Blannerhnsset, sought Burr while he was
in the west, eagerly enlisted in his schemes,
and invited him to his house; thereupon W.n.
Wirt said, in his proseouting speech, that Mr.
Burr was the serpent that 'entered the garden
Of Eden."—GeMvia University Magazine.
ADDRESS OF THE WMG STATE
COI I 4,IIITTEE
The State Committee appointed-by- the Whig
Convention at Harrisburg, deem it their duty
to state to their fellow citizens of Penni.) Ivania.
the principles which are involved in the ap
proaching contest, and by which it • will, in
their opinion, be mainly decided. They mean
to speak earnestly and explicitly, And very
few words are needed to define their views.
Never, in the history of Pennsylvania, was
tbere a (dearer and stronger line-drawn—never
a more"distinot definition of principle. Ques
tions of moral and social respotisibility, of in
finite. moment to us and our posterity, have
arisen, and the opponents of thematic) tel and
State Administrations iu Pennsylvania are u
nited on the common ground of resolute oppo
sition to sectional strife, encouraged and stim•
Mated as it has been by the policy an .1 con
duct of the administration at Wa.hington, to
the interference of the Government in•controli
ing the legislation of Congress to this end, and
to the further extenden of the instant:on •of
domestic slavery in the territorial domain of
On these national questions, the Whig can
didatea_appeal to theCpeople of Pennsylvania
with confidence. Their opinions are those
which Pennsylvania assorted in ancient times,
and which still are in the hearts of her people.
Those opinions have never been offensively
expressed.•• Had the public mind been allow
ed--to enjoy the repose - - whi - h, less - than - two
years ago, existed throughout the land, or
had a spirit of forbearance been re ingested
by those who have the most reason to invoke
it, the contest which pow agitates the country
would have beeh averted. The passage of
the Nebraska bill by Congress at the instance
of the Administration. and through its undis
guised influence, and the repeal in express
terms of an ancient staint6, plighting the na
tion's word of honor that the Western territory
was to be forever exempt from slavery and
the domestic slave, trade, compel the Whig
party of the North, nhd especially the Whig
party of Peunnylvania, to break the. silence
they might otherwise have kept„ and to spelt.
out again, in language not to be misunder
stood, their ancient and fixed opinions.
.To the doctrines of the act of 1789, which
relieved us by ,constitutional means from a
grievous social evil—to the great ordinance of
1787, in its full scope and all its beneficent
principles—to a resolute determination to ef
fect the absolute and entire repeal of the ag
gressive portions of the Nebraska bill—to the
protection of the personal rights of every lin
man being under the Constitution of the Uni
ted States, by Maintaining- inviolate the tri
al by jury and the writ of habeas corpus—to
the assertion of' the duo rights of the States,
of the North, as well as of the. Southomd to
the integrity , of the Union, never so mdch en
dangered.as when a wanton wrong is inflict
ed—to those principles the Whig party of
Pennsylvania end its candidates are solemnly
pledgedvt 9n this strong ground they are con
tent to stand, and to the support of these
principles we invite the co-operation of every
freeman in Pennsylvania.
The Congress of the United States, soon a
- to disperse, and the administration of the
general government have, in' the passage of
the Nebraska bill, [the only measure of the
present session.] and in their eigminal neglect
of the great interests of the nation, mufeepeo
lally-of Pennsylvania; made this single Issue;
and on it, till the will of the people shall do- 1
tide it, we ore content to inset them. It is
not an issue that we have mink. It is forced
upon us, and we meet it calmly and resolutely.
• We arraign the National Administration, al-.
ded and abetted by the present State Execu
tive—for in opinion and action they ere, hien- .
tified—before the people of Pennsylvania.
We hold them responsible for the revival' of
sectional agitation. They have, by the abro
gation of the Missouri line, by which; north of
a certain pnrellel of latitude, slavery was for.:
ever prohibited, aroused a spit it of resistance
to aggression which it may be difficult to op
pease. They have done thls,wantonly,and on
them rents the responsibility. We urge upon
our friends throughout the State, in every
county and township, to organize, and, waiv
ing all minor 'differences, to elect such a leg
islature end repremintrition in:Congresa as will
give a decisive rebuke to those who have anew
Involved us In agitation.
Should such a repreeentation be secured
and James Pollock ''be •elecied, as
not he will•be,) to the Chief I'ligietrney of the
State, we - may look forward to the time when
penneylveiein, her interest; ead cherished mil
comical policy; no longer sacrificed; or
pesiponik Mode dependent tipOn' the
men•alien to her in heart and feel_
Ing;•When n , , the Imprayetnent'r,if be navigable
and pro; streams 'and detente: rifpro; tootiot of liar be,A2l
longer dented, and when, ut no very remote
petiod, the administration of the general gov
ernment will be entrusted to those who; frown
ing down all useless agitation, will maintain
the supremacy of the law„ the integrity of the
Union, and the true interests and - honer of the
nation. That period is close at hand..
The Committee do not pause to refer in de
tail to questions of local interest now before
the people of Penn.ylvania—to executive and'•
legislative refottit,—the sale of the public
works, frustrated, we fear, by imperfect leg
islation and executive indisposition,—the re
trenchment of expenses, and the'ultimate ex
tinguishment of the public debt, a grievous
burthen with its incidental taxation on the
energies of the people. They are well under
stood and appreciated. The national govern•
meat, with its overflowing treasury, is now
busy robbing the people of Pennsylvania by
wasting the public domain, and is content to
leave us unaided to bear the burthen of debt
and taxation. This. too, the tax payers of
Pennsylvania will 'do well to think of. The
mt ans of redress are in their hands.
At the next State election, coincidently with
the choice of public officers, the people of
Pennsylvania will be called on to decide a
question of vast moral influence and interest.
On that question, affecting every .home and
fireside, the Committee .are.not now oallc i d on
to say more than that it too, has been fore ) on
the people by.the abuse and prostitution of the
existing laws and systems by which for years
revenue has been . derived from crime and this-
Tien:COO wives - and children
of the land, and the` desolation of_the_homes of
industry—and by a progress of demoralization
which has at last startled the public mind, and
aroused it to the necessity of extreme reme
dies.- Laws, palliative at least of - this -evil,
and designed to stay this progress of crime,
are at this moment in the bands of the Exec
utive, and will not receive his approval. The
question is now finally before the people, and
the Whig candidate for governor has frankly
sold that to their decision, through their rep
resentatives he will gladly give effect.
- To one other - matter only-do-the-Committee
think it right to allude, especially in its-rela
tion to the approaching election for members
of the Legislature: It is one of vast interest
as connected with the moral and intellectual
training of the childreb of the land—those
who, when this generation of men shall have
Pas ed away, will succeed to public and social
duties. The integrity of the Common School
Fund is supposed to be in danger. That fund
which is the aggregate of the oo ntributions of
all the citizens, and--which-by its-aggregation
effeists its chief good, 'is threatened by at•
tempts. under plausible pretexts, to divide and
apportion it. It is the COMMON - SCHOOL FUND.
So let it always be, and r"? resenting, as we
do, that party in the Commonwealth which
never halihad symapthy with such designs and
has 'never countenanced them, we warn the
voters of the State of the danger whioh is im-.
pending, 'and call them to an nutted and reso
lute effort to avert it.
- In conclusion, the Committee urge t.pon
their fellow citizens, who unite with them on
these great questions of public nolicy,,to-or
ganize and act with system and ettd-gy in eve
ry township of the State. Against us are
arrayed the power and patronage of the two
administrations. directed in one'of its depart
ments, that of the Post-office, by individuals
familiar with the subtleties of politics, and
little scrupulous in their use. But power and
patronage never yet have,prevailed over the
honest sentiments of the people of Pennsylva
nia, and ,. warning our friends of dangers, and
of the necessity of exertion, we look forward
to the result with sure confidence.
A. G. CITIITIN, Chairman.
Joni 11. Mem., Secretory;
The difference in menfa.characters is very
strongly marked. Some men are weak and
timid, really accomplishing nothing worth
mentioning. in the whole course of their lives.
Others yield_to straight
ahead, prostrating every opposition that lies
in their path. A good deal of this is - owing to
early education. ' Tho child brought up in lux
ury, almost always realizes on imbecile man
hood. Plant an acorn in a flower pot, and
rear it in the green house, and though it grow
up in the form of an oak, it will ,he quite un
like that •reared acrid the snows and the
storme of the mountain top.
In nine oases out of ten, the educietion which
man gives himself, Is the most important
One of the worst foes to the success of most
men is imdulgence of 'a habit of indecision.
Nothing is more enfeebling.or destructive of
mental force. The man who never commits
himself, whO is always delaying, and wbo.nev
er makes up his mind, gives others the im
pression that be has little or no mind to make ,
up. The only remedy for this opparant want
of capacity is promptness.
I know the right and I approie it too ;
I know Zhe wrong, and yet tt•e wronepursne.
So sung the poet; and the poet's couplet is
echoed in the lives and character of more than
half of mankind. Happiness andinisery seem
strangely blended in the world; but the,sood
or ill success of most men is mainly their own
fault. ReMember the remedy for inefficiency
is y)romptness, and now is a good and fitting
time to form resolutions for the future.,
Tee. SPOUT OF llourrese.—An unknown
author says:—"At Etwell, England, there is
a fountain of pure water springing up by the
road side, spreading wider and deeper 'until it
turns tweral•mille. I noticed after a shower
that the rain washed the chalky soil olthe
road into the water whielvxmite from the
spring; but for a long way I perceived'a line
of pure water running .direcrly through the
dirty, the one not mixed at all with the other.
Thecurrent from the spring was toe, powerful
to permit the defiled writer front the road to
mix with it. What a beautiful emblem' of the
Christian's course braugh theWorldl:
fed ltydiviae grace, and inipellodonWertis by
the active spikaf,hrilinearr, he , paesee through
the world without 'Filth ,its, pollution."
serWotrien'are Ilke;'hoeing—ilia gayer the
harness they have 'on the. better they' feel:
rievgot thie from an old baehelorotho was
early crossed In lore. '' -
THE IRQ.VESITIVE4 YARIi&~H.
A gentleman riding in an Eastern''railrond
car, which was rather eparely supplied with
passengers, observed in the seat before him, a
lean, slab sided Yankee, every feature If whose
face seemed to ask a question: . and a little
circumstance 'soon - 'proved that: he possessed a
mast 'inquiring mind.' Before him occupy
ing the entire seat. sat a lady dressed in deep
black ; and after shifting hie position several
times, na inceuvering to get an opPartunity to
look 'her in the faoo, he at 1 ngth caught her
aye. He nodded familiarly to her and asked
her, with a nasal twang utterly incapable of
'ln affliction 1'
'Yes sir,' responded•the lady.'
'Parents—father or Mother ?
'No sir,' said the lady.
'Child perhaps? a boy or gal?'
'No; sir, not ti child,' was the response.
have no children.'
'Husband then, ':pact?'
'Yes,' was the curt answer.
'Hum : cholery ? a tr tdin' -man, mebe 1' •
'My husband was a seafaring man, the cOri
tain of a vessel ; he didrit die of cholera ; he
was drowned.' •
'Oh, drowned, eh ?' pursued the inquisitor;
hesitating for a brief instant. 'Save his °hist?'
'Yes, the vessel was eaved,..and my bus t
band's effects,' said the widow:
'Was he"- askpd-the- Yankee, as- hiT•eye
brightened up ; 'pious - Tann ?' he continued.
'He was; a member of the Methodist
'The next question was a little delayed but -
'Don't you think you got gre-a-t cause to be
thankful that ho was a pious man, and saved
.1 . do,' said the widow abruptly, and turned
her head 'to look out:of the window. The in
defatigable 'pump changed his pisition; held
Aliii - Widow by his 'glittering eye,' once •mor'e
and propounded one more query, in a little
lower tone, with his head slightly inclined
forward over the back of the seat: 'war you
calc'latin' to get married again 2'
' •Sir,' said the widow indignantly; 'you are
impertinent !' And she left her seat and took
another on the other side of the ear.
"Pe`ii'rs to be a little huffy!' said the ineffa
ble bore, turning to our narrato behind him
gshe needn't be mad. I didn't want to hurt her
feelin's,' What did they make you pay for
that umberel you've got in your hand I' a
rent pooty one!'
SDIUVII DRUNK. VS. EOLITH SODER.
Smith the razor strop man occasionally breaks
off from the subject of the superior quality of
his strops, and gives his audience a abaci he
t-tire on temperance in his own pecrifor droll,
way. Hero is a short extract: '•"
'SMITH'S CAT.-WllOll I drank grog I owned
a cat, n poor lean lantern jawed thing, that
was alisiy , getting into a scrape. A,t I had
nothing for her to eat she was compelled to
take to the highway; and the neighbors were
continually crying out, 'cuss that Smith's cat
she's drunkjill my milk.' Poor thing, she had
to steal or die; for she could find no pickings
at home, for even the poor mice that were
left, were so poor and scraggy that it took
several of them to make a shadow; and a de
cent cat, would starve to death in three weeks
on an allowance of eighteen per day, But
when I reformed, things took a different turn.
The kitchen being welt provided, the crumbs
were p enty; and the old oat grew fat and hon
est together. • Even the mice grew fat and oily
and the old tabby would makea hearty sup
per on two of them, and then lie down and
snooze with-the pleasing consol4ion of know
ing that when she awoke there weadhe a few
more left of the same sort.
' But again: When was n beer-guzzler,
mother cried, father cried, Bill cried, Moll
cried, and the cat cried. But when I signed
the pledge, father sung, mother sung, wife
sung, Bill sung, Moll sung, Bet sung. the oat
sung and the kettle sung, and I bought. a 'new
frying pan, and a nice piece of beefsteak in it'
and placed it on the fire, and that sung, and
that's the kind of singing for the working
And a third ; the difference between Smith
sober and Smith drunk is this; Smith drunk
Was rummy, ragged and riotous—Sinith sober
isjoyful. jovial and klly. Smith drunk was
stuttering, stupid and staggering; Smith so
ber is cool clear headed and cautious. • Smith
drunk was ill-read, ill-bred and ill-led; ernith
sober is well caved, well-behaved and well
Stir Mrs. Partirmton bad watched three
qUarters of an hour for an omnibus, and she
swung her umbrella as one drove up, and the
driver stopped his horses near' where she
Now, Dane," says she, feeling in her ret-
Joule for a copper, away down tinder the hand
kerchief,.and snuffbox and knitting work and
thread cost, and needle book, "be a good boy,
dear, while I em gone, and don't cause &con
stellation among the neighbors, tie come boys
do, and there's a cent for you;. and - be sure
you don't lay it out extravagantly, now; and
if anybody rings at the door, bo sure and see
who it is, because there is so many dishonest
rogue° about; if any porpoises come a beg
ging, give 'em what was left of the dinner,.
Hetiven bless 'em and much good m.ty It do
'em l and—why, bless me l if the omnibus
hasn't gone off, end left me atandin' here In
Abe middle of;the street., .Buch impudence is
without a parable I' •.. ,
Her spectacles gleamed indignantly down
street, after the disappearing 'bus,' and for a
moment anger had the mastery; but equanitn.;•
ity, like twilight, came over her mind, and
she welted for the next 'hue with oalmness on
her face, and her green cotton umbrella under..
aulmoriber ytritee to the editor , of a
i'eatern paper, .41 don't-want your little paper,
any lodger7—to,whieh the editor repiieti, ..,t,
wouldn't,maire it any longer' if•yoti its
Present length eultil me very roll." • ,
VOL. LIV Nitb 48
CURIOSITIES OF CHINA.
Ilere is a man leading a white goat with on
ly three legs, which he wishes to sell, but on
o,,eareful examination we perceive.that one of
the forelegs has been neatly amputated while
the 'animal was young? There are half a doz
en gaming tables, each surrounded by Its
crowd of players and spectators. The Chi-.
nese are inveterate gamblers, and as the stelae
at many of these tables are as low as a single
cash, few are so poor that they cannot make
a venture. One of the methods has some re
semblance to the "littlejokers," so 'well known
at our race courses. The player has three
sticks, the ends of which are thrust through
'his fingers. There is a hole through each of
the other ends, which are held in his hand ;
a cord is passed through one of them, and the
play consiats.in guessing which one, ap the
cord may be transferred from ono to the other
-y a quick movement of the fingers. I put a
"cash" on the board, Take' a guess, and win
a cake of suspicious-lookiog candy, which I
give to the nearest boy, to the great merri
meat of the bystanders. There are also stands
for the sale of pea-nuts, reminding us of the
classic sidewalks of Chathamstreet, and for the
I sake of Young America, we main invest a few
cash iu its favorite fruit. But here is an en
tertainment of entirely novel character. A
man, seated on the ifarement, holds in his
hand's- white-porcelain- tile,---about-: . a-foot
square. 'This he overspreads . with a deep
blue color from a sponge 'dipped in a thin
paste of indigo, and asks us to name a flower.
I suggest the lotus. He extends his forefitt
ger=a most remarkable forefinger, _crooked,
flexible as an elephant's trunk, and as sharp
as if the end had been whittled off--gives
three or four quick dashes across the tile, and
in ten seconds, or less, lo! there is the flower,
exquisitely drawn and shaded, its snowy cup
hanging in the midst of its long, swaying
leaves. Three more strokes, and a white bird,
with spread wings, hovers over it; two.more,
and a dog stands beside it. The rapidity and
precision of that fore-finger seems almost mir
aculous, He covers the tile with new layers
of color, and flower after flower is dashed out
of the blue ground.—Bayard Taylor's Letters.
A lady aho was quite in the habit of drop
ping in at her neighbor's about meal-time, in
the hope of obtaining an invitation to partake
with the family, was recently c 'mpletely non
plussed by the unhesitating frankness of a
child. Knowing that a neighbor's supper
hOur was five, she called in about four, and
settled-herself down fora long call.
"It takes two to make a bargain," and the
lady honored with the call had no idea of giv
ing an invitation, if it was in her power to ee
mope IL Accordingly thO hour of five brought
no indications of supper. Time wore on, the
sun was near its setting, and still the same.
A little girl, thedaughter of the lady in ques
tion, began to grow quite uneasy. . At length,
her mother having gone out for a moment, the
visitor said—" You must oome over and-see
me, Mary, some time." "No, I won't said
the child. "Why not ?" "Because I don't'
like you." "But why don't you like me ?"
"Because I'm hungry, and want some supper."
"But," said the visitor,. (Monied, "I don't pre
vent you having your supper, do I?" "Yes,
you do," said little Mary. "Mother said she
shouldn't have supper till you were gone, if you
staid till midnight." In less than five minutes
the visitor was marching out of the front door
with a very red face. She hasn't called to bee
little Mary since.
Little Mary, in • her childish frankness, has
not yet learned the important lesson which
after years will not fail to teach hor, vie.:
that "truth, however excellent or desirable in
itself, lb not to be spoken at all times,"
Dn. CHALMERS.—WhiIe very busily engaged
one forenoon In his study; a man entered. who
at once propitinted him, under the provocation
of an unexpected interritption, by telling, him
that he had called under , great distress of
mind. "Sit down, sir; be good enough to be
seated," said Dr. Chalmers, turning eagerly
and full of interest from the writing table.
The visitor exphiined to him that he was
troubled with doubts about the - origin of the
Christian religion : and being kindly question.
ed as to what these were, he gave among
others, what is said in the Bible about Mel
obizedeo being without father and without
mother, &e. Patiently and anxiously the Dr,
sought to clear awayeach successive difficulty
as it waenatated----Expressing—himeelf- . aril
greatly relieved in` and imagining that
he had gained his end, "Doctor," said the vis
itor, "I am in great want of a little money at
present, and p6haps you could help me' lit
tle in that way." At once the object of hie
visit was seen. A perfect tornado of Indigna
thn burst upon the deceiver, driving him in
very quick retreat from the study to the Street .
door, these words escaping among others—
" Not a penny, sir I not a penny! It's too bad!
it's too bad! And to haul hypocrisy - upon the
'No Goon DEED LOST.—Philosophers tell ue
that since the creation of - the world net one
single particle of matter has ever been Jost.—
ft, nigi have, passed into new shapes, limey
haveflosted away in smoke or vapor, but it is
not lost. It Will come back again in the dew
drop or the rain, it will spring up in the lbre
of the plant, or paint, itself on the rose leaf.
Through all its transformatioria,,Provi.ienee
watches over and direct, it still. ,Even ac - it
is with every holy thmight or heavenly desire,
or humble aspiration, or generous or aelf.de.
nying effort. It may escape our observation,
We' may be nimble to'follow it, but it is an'el.
ement of the moral world, audit iamot lost.
Its,„"pear me,. bow fluidly' he does talk!"
said Mrs, PartingtOn, rCoently at a temperance
lecture. 7 Hut 'am always rejoiced when he
mount° the nostril, - fot; bis eloquenee iraithe
Me in-every nerve and cartridge of my body. ,
Verdigrenee 'Wolf 'Could'bt be more smooqe
than:his 'blessed tongue ;" and she wiped'
her spectacles with lier aottna bandanas: ernt
never took her eyes rom the speaker - dude;
th e whole hoir *Fie Ott piti Maud.