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744,1112 M a1a761
Corner,' ,at Fla Old o:tee,fd.
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2 • .4.40224153 , 16322, 9
Ok s CTF'ULLY informs tile public that
le hos commenced the HOUSE PAINT.
ING, GLAZING; and PAPER HANGING; in
all their. various btanchcs, an .hopes by strict at.
tention to hnsiness and trtoderate,cbarges to Merit
and receive a Ohara of public, patronage. His
shop is in - Pitt street, directly in, the rear or 'Ste
venson & Dinkle's• Drug store,
• Carliale, Oct. 12, 1842
- Ekr yittue_o_Lthe_go_w_ercand authority
/4 AD contained - in the last will end testament - 4
-'llltetfaicEbt, - dee'd., I now offer for pale, the
. Carlisle Iron • Works,
Situated on the Yellow 'Breeehei Creek, 43 miles
east- of Carlisle Pa. The estate conbiets of a first lute
202.C3 42& Untlallaftl2 0
with Ten Thousand Acres of Land.
A new 111LleCIIANT MILL with fourrun of atone,
finished multi: most approved plan:- Aboursoo acres
M the - land are cleared and highly cultivated, basing
Three Large Bias
nodneeessary_TENAN _ lousEs,The
worktrare propelled by the Yellow Breeches Creek
and the Polling. Spring, which-neither fail norfreeze.
Tfeere drempon the premises all themeeessary work
corns !Muses ' pool houses, earpeider wed smith FilOpAt
111111 stablinglmilt of the most enlist:lmM' materials.
'Flee orn of the best quality and inexhanstible_, is
within '2 miles of the Furnace.. There is ttreelemes
no Iron Works is Pennsylvania which possesses su
perior ads'antages and oper a s greaten inditeementsdo
the . investment of Capital. The water power is so
great that et might be extended to smy otlieFliTineet
_purpose, l'esotes, disposed to purchase
wilt or coarse u\smilie the property. The terms
sale will Ine nimbi know,: by
Exeentrix of Nfichael . Ette,
00.19,1312. - if
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tintount'of $5 told send bills to this (Ate.
THE N. YORK WEEKLY TRIBUNE
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' Vol. IL commences with over 9,000 sub
scribers on the, ITth of September, Suliseriptiona
are respectfully solicited by -
Neat Y.drki Dior. a, BD% , •
Estate of Joseph Connelley,Aeceased.
• •,• 2 1 40ii ' Ve
lIEEEBY GIVEN that 'letters testamentary
on the Nat' Will • and 'testament of JOSEPH 'OUrt•
—NELLY, 'wed West Pennsboroughtownshipodum•
berlaßci, county deceased, have been grantzil to the
subseelber, residing in the same township. 'All per%
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sent them properl y ‘titlientitinted thr settlement to
• • SAMUEL M'CORMICK,
Niar..2c1;11842.2.;•-tit • .E.tectaor •
'o3leaiiiiig . ,..fkr, Co'amity;
SILKS, - CRAPES, MERINOES,
:41rc,Nir Dyeing.' & Ocoinling.
illEsitoToviApiltirormi•tlib'cittiens of Ciar-'
R lisle and its vicinity, diet she - still continues
Coloring and Sconiingh, - - • .
,lEVOOlesit4 . 4at ,
A L,S1:1; Otil'oYEtNe AND'SCOURING ,
"She ntity bi) found at her
raid : demon Church Alley,apposhe lydueation , fall,
rilierp,vfork• !ROI betlainitrulk9 Feceivetivrkil99xFu;-
ted in a neat and tnindom6 manner.
Tu ' - 11 - 060,1'''Slio:Cs liiiiit CMOs:. , . '
i3'ilg':- . lv;ivi4ifyiii'.ii.ji.ot. r;ieigti,;i,;4`
.km,,,,,llO,r'sand.Yoidli's BrOgiriti ati;l'Slieed:'
a so : ten's and [ache's' Elustie"and; leather :over ,
Slibea, furred Ladies.silk.lined and wadsled gaiters - a
french ertielel-qtronaotk lf , ithslippersoslalte klelk
Edda *dippers ? and !I fulLassortrornt of ell kiefie of
9tioes:l4lViis,`Bily's Mid 'YOuthiCtit•S; tatilit'style:
Cheaper that's ever foe castr..t: ~,,,: i , ,t., t ,; : „
~. , ~,„,,,),K11,,,,,m,,,,NAT.Pg.1,E7
'* . t4o,; . e''be . 'i 3:;184 B .` ' '
+ILIST, receive I — fre§ Fat ea;'
fpp fee l pos'ari AfginaKlf Otiocolutln:OlostettoNett
rerwitiOb 'argicatty' reduced
pines "t t OfIAS;tOGILUY.-
October "6,.154L',±;• ,at .`t • 1f,52
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In Soirciw's tenderest accents now ?
Ali ! Freedom's kindling minstrel, no !
Strike - Bitsike - tvittifUriumpiir i nt hand
• Thy harp, Mid let its swelling roll •
Apeak, through, the borders of our land
Thesmght—the beatity of timt.sbur
Whose Geniuvis.our 'guardian light' '
Through sunny ray or darkling night.-
A worshipped Pharos in the sea, .
•. Lifting on high its fearless form,
Pnnin of rusWrsr ! whose clarion tone
Thrilled grandly through h e r forest lone,
And waked to bounding life the shore
Vi here, Darkness only wit before--
How milliot.s bent before thy shrine,
Beholding there a light divine— •
Caught on'the golden chain of love,
From its majestic source &Mom •
STAR or OUR 110 TR! whenPattlea-Call •
ILuI wove the soldier's gory pall-- - -- When blazing o'er the troubled seas, .
Death Mlle tumultuous on the breeze,
And men beheld Columbia's rrume ~•,
Scorched by the lurid Iwgiii-flarne—
Thou! tliou (tidal pour the patriot-striiiii,*
And (twilled with it each bleeding vein— ,
Until the star-lit banners streamed
Like tempest-fires around the foe,
lyose crimson cross no longer glespell
In triumph , where iterst Lod beamed
- But sunk benentli ouCgallant
. blow. --
SUN - 61 "— riETIFinit ! - where Summer smiles
Eternal o'er the clustered isles -
Where Greeceltiniliciitheil het:olden blade
For Glory in thehatinteil shade
'Where (.11timboriczo statidi sublime, --
A land-mark by the sea of Time—f -
Thy niuhe shall, as a biessitiegiien
For 518111, oh'! to depart,
Peal from our gladdened Earth to Ileayen--
'PIM: warm, wild music of the heart. -
PRIDE OF Tllle .Tosr ! what.thinigh dark Hate
Her phrensied slot m i at'outalthee rolls— -
Has it not ever been the fate •
Of sill this Earth's truth-spezikingaools ? •
Lightnings may play upon the rock •
Whose star-kissed forehead wens the gale,
Millg they escape the thundcr-shock ,
Who dwell within the lonely vule—•
Living minuted I—not so thou, •
Chief of the 'fearless sour and brow !
Yet lit the lightning and the storm
Heat on thy long-devoted form !
The silvery day-beam bursts! and lo !
Around thee curls the Promise-Bow !
Cook !on yon height Columbia stands- 7 .
immortal laurels in her hands!
And hark her voice—"lttse! FREEsfn?.F, Rtas
Unloose the chain from ev'ry breast;
See ! see the splendor in you skies
Flashed from the bosom of the WrsT !"
Housed nt the sound, to !millions leap -
Like giatitafrom inglorious sleep!'
IVhst 'cries are here ? What sounds prevail
Whose name is thundering on the gale
(Par hi the mountains of the North—
Far in the sunny South Away— •
1. winged lustre bounding forth)— •
The deathless Mime of HENRY CLAD!
Alluding to his efforts as Republican leader in
Congress (lining the late War.
f Who ran foriet Henry Clay's burning eloquence'
in advocacy of Grecian and South American
Tell me not in mournful numbers
• 'Life is but an empty dream! •
For the soul is cleat) that slumbers,„
-- Aiitliffieg are not what they seem
Life is real ! life is earnest;
Anil the grave is not its goal 3
1)104 thou art, to dust roomiest,
Was not apoknn of the
Not enjoyment and not sorrow,'
destinetleml or way ;
But to Oct' that each to•imoirow
Finds us farther tl:an to-any.
Lives' of great men all remind us
We can make our Dies sublime,
And departhig, leave behind us,
Footsteps on the sands of time.
Footsteps, that perhaps smother,' -
Sailing o'er life's solemn main,
A forlorn and shipwrecked brother, • •
Seeing, shall' take heart again. • ~
Let us then be up and doing,
With a heart for any fate--
Still achieving—still pursuing,
Learn to labour and to wait.
JOHN qtiNcr ADA INS'S
REMARK'S' TO' 41is CONSTITIVENTOi 'CONEERN
711,11 PIIIILIcLANDISFAND THE *ARM.
FELLow..CattzeNa.:-. 7 1 have opened and
exposed to your view' the, - dark, chatohere
of the motive of Andrew lackaon, who
Prat hrOached' the doctrine "of,kii3Ogf,Y,y
those public lands to "peculating adventur. ,
viers;, or to the qtates la:which, they are nit-
hated; and 'of John Tyler",for adhering with
such unrelenting -tenacity to the
aquandering the whole 'of thia.ezhauitleas
'treasure in` the ehireetartrival eltPendittires
of. the Natiorial:'.A.dministration4
ling armies, ijtiadruplittg navies, ling:F(ll6bl'
ing funds te,.,,buy up Tpopulat, newspapers
and hungry aVeaphants td pander for Pi&
itlential'eleaticineererri: The iiietiveliOtiert'
though the - ateine'are'act 'the'riatieTcl
ceaieci'lriiiVi'the' , 'SUr - -ii4 a Of islitiliAaa.
‘l.°n t9 . t PP;(lo7, 6 pill iheury.
Put,l4w or , Of 410utcatielutltuotry v ap
ready disclosed. to , you : :by , thu,•lettor
•. . ,
baas . dt 3.c:
ON SET/EINO SIIOIE,TIVe UNITED STATES SENATE
Watt: for the glorious Pleiad fled— •
Wail fur the ne'er returning. star,
Whose mighty music everlid
The spheres in , their high home afar! .
IlrinibUrial Weeds ? , iind tiahle plume ?
What—lift the funeral song'of wo •
sucli as shOuld o'er the loied one's tomb
To guide the To3iel of the Free
Safe through the fury of the iitorrn.
A PSALM OF LIFE.
DY 11. W. LO.NGFELLOW
'5 l O l / I `ErAG&I.
`*/811 . gt )l Ell ER 7 AiD, EX-Pot 171,1;:it-br
friend,. Mr. Nathan , A ppliton., Jt is, of the,
same family with , the-' war against Mettle()
for the annexation . of with'thittar .
against England fdr iheisland of Cuba ; or
to, burn at the stake the self-pmaneipators
of the, Creole. Its most dreaded foes are
the self-evident truths, the right of petition,
the panoply of the habeas corpits, the trial
by jury, the freedom of speech, of the press,
and of - the legislative debate.
founder of the family is SLAVERY. Its ul
timate aspiration of destiny is the domin
ion of the slave-ridden over the free.. Its
to the. African' slave trade is for
the monoplrof the market.in human flesh.
Its fearful but remorseless foreboding of
the future is thifreedoni of alltnankind:
and its abhorrence of all internal! improve-,
rnent by the mighty arm:of-the 'Union iii to
rivet forever the manacles and fitters Of the
To wrest from the people of the, free
Stites the property which' Would enable
them to pursue, without overburdensome
taxation, their own ardent impulse .to the
improvement of their own.condition, Mr.
Tyler conceived the device of diverting all
those funds into the muddy stream of the
daily national expenditure's, With which
they. would -run down and be lost:- -Mr.
Tyler vetoes the- Tariff because it departs
from the compromise, to which he attaches
some mystified moral obligation,
cause it clashes with a condition which he
had tacked to it, fn . ' direct. violation of the
compromise itself. ' For I ,have shown you
that the tompromise.nct
.of 1833,- -so far
•from contemplating or authorizing the-ap
plication or any p_ar_t_el the_proceeds_of-the
sales-of the public lands to - the expenili
tOes of the National Administration, Was'
lir . eselited ' to -the- Piesident toget her:with_
aiwther ,act, for distributing all the -nett
1 proceeds ofthe land Sales among the States
for five years. That , act emanated from
the satne source, and,was sanctioned by
the-same Congress, at the same time with
the compromise aa';_,..and, although On .
another.roll_of parchment, as asystem of :
administration, formed a part of-it ; and - to
_tell us now that the seizure of the proceeds
alike sales of the - public lands to supply
the deficiencies 'of the Iforizontal twenty
p'er cent. roiliest duties, Carries with. it a
moral obligation . of reVerente for the com
promise of 1833, is no better than no at
tempt to blind our eyes in the act of pick
ing out. pockets.
Fellow-citizens, I had long entertained
and cherished the hope that these public
iambi were among the diesel] instruments
of Almighty power, noronly of promoting
the virtue, welfare, and happiness of. mil
lions upon millioni of individuals and fam
ilies of the human race, but of improving
the condition- of than, by establishing -the
practical self-evident truth of the natural
equality and brotherhood of all mankind,
as the foundation of all human government,
and by banishing slavery from the-earth.
The extent of territory, the fertility of
soil, the salubrity.ofscliinate, the intersec
lion of mighty rivers, with the numberless
multitude of their_tributary streams, were
all signal indications of the purpose they
were granted .to accomplish. The admi- 1
rabie system of Territorial Government
provided for them by the'Congress.of the
Confederation; the•unfading glory nut only
.of.. Nathan Dane,. but ofTlioutan Jefferson
-and especially that fundamental princi
ple 'of their Constitution,. that there should
be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude
thrOughout the land, seemed te.me like the
voice, of the precursor in the wilderness
announcing_the_advent of the-Saviour-of I
mankind. Was all this a Utopian day
dream ? Is the one talent, entrusted by the
Lord of the harvest for the improvement
6f the condition of men, to bo hidden under
a bushel ? Is . the lamp .destined to en-.
lighten the •vorld to be extinguished by
the blasting , breath of slavery ? The pro
ject first proclaimed by Andrew Jackson
in his annual message of December, 1832,
of giving away •the`national inheritance to
privinv laint-jebbers, or, to the States in
which they lie, and to renounce forever all
national revenue to be derived from them,
was Ute consummation of the Maysville
road, 'veto policy, and , the substitute for
nullification to perpetuate the institution of
slavery arid - itrilominion'Over the North
American-Union. • • •
• The 'enntrivanee•Of Mr. John Tyler to
waste, all,tbe proceeds of the land,sales, by
'aI:M4OI4V , them iii the 'gulp!' of the annual,
expenditures.of'ihe .Fetlefai. Governme;nt,
is a• more insidkoini, at- more ,plausible, but
equallyfaild etpitfient _l6 'divert the On=
peralhikel fitibitties - Of Providence frOpri the
;:frnm„theimprovemtntlet6 the dere-,
4006 vrt the t3ontlition , of The pro
'vise' oUthet!fitit Ateetion - of the aot of Sep- ,
foottoir;4o4 liiipprop'il'ate_ . .fke:pioCiiol
of the thitek ettr4iinbW nd ta . 'ran t
• , , • • ffr.
pre-' 14 . 4! o,e'opeteiring the - .
yitnition tihettayer the impost duties tipen.
e2teeed 20 per ccnt.*Was - a -- tit4,
added fOTthe paintage. through the
Stniete'tifter'it'hatt.Oaleeif the linnee 7 ;3it:.
getltfi! - 00 , . , oietptitm glAft.,•,7ryler,.epotthe
1 4,41:iiitirtitttionAhati,,,tkithOut •iiot6lLoeld
yete , 11-I,oequivlent 7 6 it frithti•••
Word multleatiou of the tilitributionitielr!
x:OztkiEtatiopcia augai: uaulopti Ginvicloda "
P:Np:II)Ay_...NQ',V - )E.M0JE4,':36 1 , , 1.842;''',..
in: the very prece,tot of c.nialineit.;;Fo r 66.
one knew -better :than Mr. Tyler, that a
harizoOtal impost -duty of 2p per cent.
could not poisibly supply the indispensa
ble. necessities Of. the Treasury; and ',that
suspension upon .that condition against
concurring with- the Senatnie adopting this
tack, which was. carried.in the House . by
Whigs:against their own opinions, aspore
than ore of them avowed to me, and in'
compliance with their overruling propen
sity to-yield to the humours of Mi. Tyler.
He, they _ therefore, : was eg individual who'
linked the two'subjecisso incongruous to- . I
gether, the very reason which he assigns'
in the fore 'front of the yetoion. the second
tariff bill. The real motive to snatch from
,thi people of the separate States the means
of paying their debts, and
their great 'undertakings of internaHm-1
p . roveinents forever, and the primary spuri
to the motive, was the'stipremiley, present
and. protective, of the slavery-over the free
dom of the Union. • .
The persevering and unremined exer
tions of the Whig majorities in both. Houses
of Congress, at the recenfeession, to rescue
this treasure of the -separate States from
the_ grasp- of the_spoiler,mni_the.convulsive
struggle with, which *he clung to his hold
upon it, have been witnessed by you all.
The Whig majorities concurred with me
to the last moment in the Opiniiin that the
enactment at that time, even of a protective
tariff, indispensable as it was to the urgent
necessities of the- Treasury, to the punctu
ality of the.•national.good faith, and to„the
suffering ,industry of free labor; was yet
but a secondary:object-to, that of-retaining
unimpaired the birth-right of the 'People's
inheritance—the proceeds of the public
lands, the- best-gift of -God . to -them -and I
their posterity for all future titre. To this
.opinion I firmly adhered; nor have - I j7et
,to , the event. Bill when it be-1
oatne apparent that the, beggary of the
Treasury, the glating wreck net
free - labor; but of all_ tlin great interests' of
the -nation, and the good name of the nation
- itself crumbling into ruin under therepd- .;
'illation of State debts, were as nothing in
the eyes of Mr. Tyler compared with the
glory of seizing upon the property of the
States to pay the daily 'expenses of his-Ad
ministration, then their hearts relented, and
in view of
.tho vgoninin6 tl;otrecte
country, to use the beautiful allusion of the
true-hearted- St.titly, like the true mother
in the judgment of Solomon, they. surren
dered the darling child to the filse preten=
der rather than receive 'the Half of the
mangled corpse as their own. They passed
the tariff bill without repealing the au-spen- I
sive proviso, and surrendered for the ma='
went the -property of their constituents :to
the rapacity -and exhortation of Captain!
I cannot share with them the honor of
this great sacrifice, but I freely yield it to
them. The tariff, as it is, has given some
relief to the exquisite suffering of all in
terests throughout the Union.,
hope that it may definitively, yield more,
much More relief, though I havenri eipec-
teflon thliCits will supply the indispensable
Avatitioftlie Treasury. Notwithstanding
the. largee `retrenchments made. at the last
session of Congress of the expenditures in
the War-and Navy Departments and in the
ci.villist, instead of tho - enortnous- i»crca se
recommended by Mr. Tyler and his Sec-
rotaries, it, appears by an official publica-
tion by the Clerk of the House of Repre-
sentatives • that the actual, appropriations
amounted to a very trifle less than-twenty-
five millions of dotlars
in .saying that the tsriff, even with the su-
peradded plunder of the public lands, will
not yield twenty
yet unprovided for, and is daily increasing.
The democracy of Congress have been
complimented for what they certainly never
e claimed, their share of the enactment
of the tariff without distribution ;
the trumpet sound of
.repeal is wafted to
our ears on the wings of every Sotithern
breeze. But the Whig-majorities in both
Houses or Congress,,when they surrender-
ed for the moment •IM dividends already
due to their States of the proceeds of the
lauds, had no intention to surrender or
abandon the principles of their right. One
half year of their dididetide was already
due and•pay_able to Om, and iltey passed
a separate act Id repeal the proviso suspend
sive of the dieiributiori.''. Mr. Tyler; stif
fening in his . retikienei to them iyi ih,orior.
tionto the humility of their eontessions' to
neilheraliproved . and signed the bill,
nor ion:fined ft with ,bie objtctioni,bnt
smothered it with a picket veto:
o The tariff act• is eminently protective;
far more than it ftnapcial ; and fts ap.
proool - ind sigrrature by, any other than the
Preisident, might be consttA erell
as a formal renunciation of that religions
veneration koe, the coipproinise of 1833
whicli lie haratinounceil as an artinkt in
his code' of moral' •obligatiods. su't" lithe
iS io be'plueed'ortiha stcailfaat;
ness ,of, the tariff, and as to_ the curreney.
the eirculatien of exchanges, the,fiscaVeor.'
poratiotor, the e.xlietitier of iseuea; the
first step is i'et..ttg, be 4k,.ene , t9 ,6 (leem.lhe
`Prutqated reputation an d oreditot,the na•
We have heretofore expressed the wish
that some one .of our Marylatfil rfariners
would set a woodland, or other field which
he could spare, in this graSs, - auchve will
again repeat that wish, as we desire to see
it practiced upon. , With, these remarks
we call ettentiOn to . the following, communi•
cationfrom,the Union (Ill.) Agriculturist:
BLUE GRASS. —Blue Crass will grow
upon any of .the soils of Illinois; but it de
fights in a moist situation. Hence swails,
level or wet prairie,bottmn-landed and bar
rens-,- are best- adapted - to its - cultivation. It
suffers in the summer uiion the rolling prai
rie, unless mixed with clover, which by
its.broad leaves, protects the. roots
grass from the rays of the sun, or unless
it is suffered to groW unmolested in which'
case it protects itself. Close feeding in the
summer will keeplt short and stinted until
the fall rams set in. •
The national debt is
Sowing.—The seed, ripetis the :ISt of
July. '• Hence any time after until Getober
wilf answer for sowing;. •It is better that it
should get a start in the fall, as it does bet.
ter the succeeding season. It will not gen
erally make a sward for itself in loss than
two years; hence it slionld be soWn with
other grasses, such as' timothy or clover or .
IKrtli: Were 116' set ten acres in blue grass
should pursue the follOiving method.—
Prepare the ground for Wheat and Make i t
Amooth ; take 1 - peck , of ,timothy, 4 qts:
clover and 4 qts. of blue .grass deed, arid
mix them thoroughly; soW:ope 'peck. of the
•mixture (fia the.acre) about lst of Septem
and 'the season be at alt,:-favorable,. a fine
crop of tit:frothy and-clover mad : cut the
.succeedingsumnier: Sonia prefer . .to omit
die clover. ill spritt'tt;;" in tvhicti, beige it el
capes 'danger 'frimv the The tie
grass will hardly aboWAteelf the first sea:
son, and .those. unacquainted with it will '
be apt to euppOrni that their Peed No bad,
or that' it had not 'come :second
seasorki ivauld„ pasture it with .cattle or
horses This mode(will -- ItaVis:a , ;tentlettay
to kill out the clover andiimoilty;',iPd tri
the.fall . of..that setunnithe b ue.:grass ; ;,,will
show The' teeth, (as Alto: . ignglie4.
call it) of Casge; seems to'ire rteeesiair to .
tring4fortb-1110f,ly-,ArricAvl beithat the
•From the Anniican . Farmei.
WINTER KILLED WHEAT:.
Facts, like figures, are'stubborn things
in all the 'vocations of life, and • In none is
their efficacy more valuable than in that of
the husbandman, for after all that may be
said of theories,. there is nothinglike hav
ing facts to beak them.. The following
successful experiment by a western , far
mer;•torepair the - itijubreriaing from a thin .
standing of plants in the spring, On. a 'field
of autumnal sown wheat, is worthy of con
sidei•ation. It was 'made by Kr. Stiles 8.
Carpenter, of Van 13uren Ctiuntyjovra
territory. - We, no our readers do know,
are not ,the advocates of sowing 'spring
whet, but when froM•casealty, It' field of
winter wheat may b.e too thin in the spring
to yield a remunerating crop, we think
that such an experiment as was so success
!fully tried by Mr. Carpenter, would not
be amiss, and with a view of bringing the
subject before .our readers, we Make - 14e
following extract from a'commtinication of
the abbve named gentleman, which we
, foiled in the Union
Wheat.—As I am iVriting'for the pur-r•
pose of gaining information, I will' men
lion the result of an experiment I tried in
raising wheat. From the appearance
of my winter wheat this spring,.l . found it
would be a
.very doubtful crop, and
.ed on to the ground spring wheaf, whieh:l
harroived•ln pretty thoroughly with in
•iron tooth harrow. I have harvested it,
Hind - it - willyieltl•an average •crop of - near=
Ay, or quite, thirty bushels. per acre.
sowed Italian bald, which makes, nearly as.
gbedlotifiellie - best weiter eitient.
winter wheat crop in the prairie was much
damaged from a very severe drought hrthe
_spring, though some of my neighbor . far
niers think it was_frozen out; but, from
the result of my observation, I am satis-•
fled that wheat - in - this country, seldom, if
ever, isiinjured_by_the.gxuentl 7 lMaVing,i or.
freezing out, as it is called. To obviate
this diflicelty, my opinion is, that wheat
should-be sown early. I should like to
hear more froth the tanners, about the best
and most - successfuriiiethod of cultivating
this staple article." •
BLUE GRASS PASTURE.
Baltimore American Farmer
says : We have several times called the at
tention_of our readers toilestibject of the
culture of Blue Grass as a means of pro
viding permanent, pasture fur their - stock.
It•is is their attention to this part of hus
bandry, which gives the Kentucky farmers
such decided advantages as graziers over
thoie of every other State,and which makes
their woodland pasitires the'theme of. praise
to every stranger who , visits them. Among
the traits peculiar to. this•tino grass, are
those of growing in the shade with
ance, of 'enduring for many years, and of
being equally good when fed.gre'en or in
mere tramp'ng the ground has u benefieltil
effect n'poit it. , •
Seed.-. What ie called striped seed is
the hind coMmtinly founsl in • Methet:—
SOme sell: what is Called cleaned seed, titit
it has all , the chaff in it, and is seperated
from the seen items.: The itripped seed
is preferred, as its elasticity prevents' its
suffering with dutnpne r es, as the cleaned
seed sometimes does. : Great . Care , is re
quisite in obtainintrthe seed, as it freqUent,
ly loses its vital' qualities storage in
damp warehouses; before' using the strip
ped seed s rub , it throUgh acommon „Wire
meal seive ; 'this preparesit and' ensures
"its'distribUtion among the other seeds With
:which yousOw it.
I presume in point oftact that blue, grass
sowed at any season'of the year; in - any
manner, and upon any . kind of soil
grow and flourish, sooner or biter,. acccird
'ing to circumstances. 'cramping the.grouud
at intervals is of prime necessity to ..diring .
it out,. as far as my . observati u on extends:,--
Blue grass ' spreads very rapidly by its
roots, as well as by the annual seed.
Blue grass pastures, as well as others,
iourse of ..i_few years: - In such a 'case,..a
sharp harrow wellloaded and dragged over`
it, so as to tear the sod •materially, or a
scarifier, which should. cut two or three
inches in depth, will produce the best ef
f.ecti. In thrush, all cur grass are as
much improved by cuiligalio,n in frequent
ly tearing - the yppts, as .any of our grains
or vegetables. Thelest lime for the' op- .
eration .is late in the fall; biit spring_will
answer, if done early.
With my apology for not ecudini you
tho-abeve aooutr i -•- : • • • • - -
I remain, yours truly, -
. THOMAS N. WELLES
Ereneh Creek, Peoria co., 1812.
.ADArANTAGE 'OF SOWING EARLY.
The following extract. (says the . IWO:
more American Faimer,) which we. make
from a communication of Mr. Prescott ,in
the Union Agriculturalist, very satisfacto
' rily shows the -propriety of 'sowing - spring
grain early, and how eauselessly many of
ius apprehend danger from frost. Besides
,I the advantatte,orcrettintr in our oats . and
barly, we think that this experiment should
satisfy every rearionable . man, that there
would be an equal one resulting from plan
tin - I:coin' Much earlier than is tlic present
custom in many parts of our country. - -
This thing of waiting until danger from
frosts is over, we always' thought .to be
I one of the idie bug-bears of prejudice :. for
ir the roots of the plants be bedded suffi
ciently low to protect - them,' a little . nip
ping of the tops is but Of trilling moment.
"1. my barley'and oats an the 10th:
and 11th of April. - It came up finely a.
bout four inches, when a frost carne and
cut it all down. I thought ii was all kill
ed, and shourirhave ploughed it up if 1
could have got seed
.to sow again. As I
could.not, I left it standing. In alcw d4e' •
the crops began to sprout again,' and I
never saw such a growth of barley and oats.
While the cold kep . t, the grain down, it '
must .have been . _ sp .- routing all the time
in the ground, for there is from four to e
leven sprouts on almost every grain. •
--ON CUTTING CATTLE FOOD.
A diveriity of opinion exists among some
as to the length which. hay and straw is
most advantageously cut:for horses andcat
party contending-that-46'inch is
short enough, and the other that it is not.
We incline to the former opinion, and We
would respectfully offer our reasons. The
object in using - the straw-critter is to pre
vent waste, and to facilitate the plocess of
mastication. .It is enough td get the food
into the stomach, but it should go there in
a pro Pet conditiodfor easy digestion-1h a
perfect masticated form, the fibre brOken
doln, and intimately incorporated With
the saliva of 'the glands.-- kis, uniformly :
enjoined upon -persons wlio are sickly; or
have weak - stomachs, and it is common
admonitiodto the hale,, to cat slow;
cftewwell' thefr food before they swallow
it, that it may more readily ligest. . And
see that cattle, high-fed with sorb :atilt
oate,.ol - ten void this perfect' ram, without
its 'haying' Iperreeted them • d -.particle.
, Whether this would not be more or less
.tom ca'g'e With q6e....ciithaf,tre einnot judge
fromt obiervation, biit we are told it would
be so.' There is .another difficulty to_be
apprehended: from whorl-out food, if gi'yen
.to ruminating anintals;'-'lO
which cheW the ciiitt- 7 thaeihOY would' be
:very liable. to lose 0)4 . indiapens4blo re=
qtlieite to health.. At all events, there.dan
be nd dubt„thitell solid 'To4d
:pertectly:efiew ed,_ and.
beldre itpassestd the stomachof the , animal' --thegrain crushed, , atidffilire
; of hay Strati , broken by tho teethi;'.To
ensure this We tkidbt Whether forneeiliould
be eat Shorter thnit.su ;ineh r or alt inch andr
tt half:.. A. gentleniciii . "WhO:hisd,-fed .. lsrgely
witlEvery.&mii;cut : -hey, fotinilthat. muith,
; was votiletllti,-iiiilitnilikeAeil':stite;
with bloott.frOin(the - intestines
enttle,. after, a few ‘yeeks,,, elpie`d; to.
BY:E. ! '.B E.ATTT;
Grain is worth far,more,:as fOotifor n itni. :
mats, gro' nil than: tingroutni. -• Cooking,'.
alai) adds' greatly to its value. - Some- haw,'
estimated. cooked • meal at fifty per 04:
mete Ih valthi than uncooked. There IM
be no doubt that griiiiliiii and cookin g grai4 .
will make an•improvpment, far. excelling in'
value the coste,Of these. operations... The y.
wilt probibly.aild nearlY , loo•ptir cent. fo r
the value of the fo'od; ' '
to have a' Otlittera of-6Md for
hogs Fit is' leis : dlOying, and . indueet . .Motil
thifft. Ro ot s of various 'hiods,
plea and mealontilmati exe.ellOnt.ant!'e!tesii :
food,. Puiripkiiiimay be added, or pain; Meatand'apples; may beused,if no
rtioisare. at hand;' sweet; punfpkins and"
sifur apples,' with tneal form a vary palat-;
able and nourishing dish.'
All - ihes'e, kindliof food, eicepting. the'
meal, and that may be used sparinglyoWit ,
very ch'eap, and yield a large amo'
the acre. Apples are produced withlitile
labor, after the trees once attain a good:
size. -They are probably the cheapest
food thin can be produced in New Eng
land or the Middle States. .Aild evettitli
the West, w raii&l: With little
expellee, apples May be proiluccd'Witli - lit.; -
41e exPenie also.';--Farmer's Jdurnel. • -
DESPA 1 R AND HOPE.
The raven 'wings of dbrkness.overshadow
me., The buovance of youth has fret—L.
Grim: DisappOintmentanti dark robed Sot- -
row attend my-steps. he.very loveliness
ofiature is a mockery tome. • 'What lw!
teleet have I in -the eharnis. of beautiful'
ed:beavens—ni 'the flowers that bloom is
my path? The very,voice . of affection
l io__my_earioitilsearliaLsound. • The weet _
prattling of infancy is_ connected, in my . '
mind, with nothing but the miseries of
would it be for thee, beautiful
prattler, if the gales: of 'death would close'
upon thee in. the Morning of life, before
'adversity and Misfortune closed thy early -
and fair prospectiofeiiiitence. ' Why is it
thatrilentli is painter! in 'colors so dark, in .
form so terrificr 1 1116.1 art to me al one.
all beautiful, crowned with garlands_; and
I fly to thy arms as a - dear belietier.• I .
would embrace thee as my dearest friend;'.
What lonely 'spirit is this which thus' .
protects me from the arrows of the destroy
er ? " Sweet girl, I fear him not."-- :
Neither should you," she replied; "but'.
rush not unadvisedly'to . his arms. You .
will find them dold and cOmfortless—rather -
await his approach. • He wilt come soot
enough,' doubt not.' Host see yonder bril
liant star which shines through the thick
darkness ? It is, believe me, for thee the' •
harbinger of a' glorious day. Observe .
'EI Joy and her fair sister's by thy side ,
sister's sweet voice.:calls thee in :the,
distance.; Despair not, - but persevereantl.
I promise thee that wealth and honor shall:,
be thy portion, and be. secure that I shall)
never leave thee." She placed her hand'
in mine: Fair Minim the heavens in did
tiistance--the whole minstrelsy of nature'
greeted my eats in varied sounds of joy
and 'merriment. I forgot the - troubles and
trials or life, and determined to live and
enjny•iife as I found : it. So clotely allied
are Despiir and Hope:
Go ant beneath the arched
night's profound gloom, cud say if •S'oti
can, "There no - 'God:' .?renounce that
dread mystery, and each star above
reprove you for your unbroken darkness of
intellect—every vole° that tloats-upon the
night-winds - w ill-be Wail-- your utter- Ilene-
I essuess and despair. Is there no God ?.
Whoohen, unrolled that bltie scroll, soil
thretv upon its high' trontiiiiicce the-legi
ble gleamings of immortality ? WO fash
ioned this green earth; with its p' orpetu,al
rolling waters, and its. Wide expanm of Is:
land and main ? Who paVed, the • heavens
With clouds', eta attunes amid banners of
stormi . the voice of thunderiond unchains
the lightnings that linger, and 'lark; ante
.flaelati.._the. gloom ? Who gave • tdthe .
eagle the eyrie, where the tempetrig - dwell'.
'and Beat strongest; and to the dime a . trait::
quil abode amid the foreitthataYer eci4o(*•
to , the minstrelsy. of lief ,riinan?l,lltito'
made thee, oh man; ,With' thy perfect ere
fiance of intellect t' .Who made
pltiasent to thee,•anirthe'darkneSs:i-i'over.:
Ilag Ot a herald *to the first beatitifolibteh...
es of the au - omit4l' Whir earn the•tiiateli- '
less.syinvOof sinews • and litithi ; t: this
regular flowing of ;blood Ir.' the irrepreeti
ble and daring Paisions `of.
iovel And y.et the_thniideri'cir 14041 ? * -
the-wat4.s of the-earth are ehatnette , Thby
rem'a'in; but the bow ori.. , eotteMtiOtirbirtgit , '
ebeiie• and bericalb their 'a tid^tir'Welre'bet
ter that the lintititiWatire4no4,titotiti - ,::
iveri convnisetl, and . conmingied . "
getbeiL -, zit were - b . eitei "that those'Veryiiii*:,'
were c - onifagriateii liy,'fire: 'ilifandetllti
eternal ,girio,m„'liVo . }enb single a u 1 slou7d : r
lie lust. while
beneath ,thp,alMr of iiteweeiert.v : -.,t
etentiftwouslreileeked , 'by j aisi p o t ilk. rirm
on the' .th at 'Oreinifostrit.
.which the bloo'fi , • -