Carlisle herald and expositor. (Carlisle, Pa.) 1837-1845, February 17, 1841, Image 2

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    lob LIT ILC
Message Croat, the - ,Viovernor
To the Senate and House; of liepresenta
lives of The Connnonweidtis of Penn
sylvania: ,
. .
.GErstmEntsg Bill entitled- ".An
Act relating to Canal Commissiotiefs"•bs .
been to , me. for the. EXecutive
7 -- opprobition: As .I .cannot approve the
Bill, I return it to the Senate, in_ which it
originated, with my objections thereto, in
--- order to such further action thereon . as is
proidded by the constitutien.• • • - -
_ The Bill:provides for the election and
'appointment of:three canal commissioners,
to wit; the election .of one Commissioner
by. the Semite and one by the House of.
Representatives,'and the appointment--of a
GoVei um. This toot s - of op
- 'Ointment, as to-any__ofilters....of Govern,
merit; is 'novel and -without precedent; and
I.confess I can seem the System here pro
' poSed, nothing but 'discord and conflisitin,;.!
----hie an eventlif expected,
that, djfferent iiertieS,intereSts :and co bi=
nations hi each .House, and it maybe Witli . •
• -the
.Governor, will 'lead,to. frequent remo
i-itls and - changes
.of• the inetimbents, and
thus oar *improvement system,-instead of
,Lbeing_conductetLasit-should_be,_with con
: sistent steadiness,, will he constantly tinder,
going the changes' and experiments mei
dent -to our daily political' mutations.—
Collisiolis will false'place in of
. •Commissioners, embarrassments will . be,.
thrown in the -way of-its action by the mi
nority of its own members, and the public
interest will be' sacrificed to promote the
objects of private or' local-or political de
signs: By thd appointment of the Board
by eaeli. [louse, and , by . the Goverrior.,..
nearly the whole responsibility is destroy
.. ed.. For wrong's .done., th e y he
clone, it will 'be finite iMpossible 'to. - reach
all the .delinqnents at once. The adhe
rence of the Governor or
,of either Mims
-=--- -toltslavoillec place--ii M- heyontl---the
- 'reach of
.popular opinion; although his as._
soeiates, who are responsible, o an appoint
power differently elscted; "May be
. • proMytly , dismissetl. The Governor, the
- Senators and_thc-merithers of the House,
are. not all elected at once.imr by the-same.
constittients; The members of each houSe
. :are the immediate representatives of de
.taoliedportions of the people, with pecu
liar local-interests-to advance, all or_whieli
stare at.large;. - Ohl although each house; in
the orrgregate, no doubt, represents the
'Nook': of the whale state, it is throligh.thel
medium or- thirty,three'ntembers in •one, l
and "one_litttlred in. the Othe - r i :'
bility. thus divided*, vanishes almost entire
-Iy, and ceases to afford an adequate guar,'
..apted,to the public. - - •
Should 'commissioners, thus- appointed,
be4tiilty of °trivial- misconduct, holy- are
they tci be punished.? The douse
pedellea, and. the' Senate* - tries—but here
the : l - louse- is inipeachitiein officer whom
it has itself lust ;., - • -
partially, tor misdemeapors to - office, the
man whom it 'has but a few days before
trusted and honored. What a spectacle of ,
absurdity would this exhibit? - . Would not '
combinations among -the friends of-eaCh• in
the respective houses, 'defeat • the ends of
justice,--and=-laugh - to scorn-all-efforts to
in . flict" punishment?'
• The history or all . represent-give governr
`Monts shows, that although their legisla:
tures, especially when numerous, are ad
' tnirobly adapted to the enactment of general
promotion of the rights end
liberties - ofthe people,-they are, from the
very_nature,of-drvided -resporisibility..the
most easily toinpered with,.h}''political its
tirigiters inithlemagogues; in their appoint
ment of Officers of any other branch of the
. government; and in 'the ..selectioii of their
officers; have been 'often made the dupes
• of intrigue, of venality,- and of corruption.
I beg you to einprstand me as spealtingjn .
. the abstract, and IA in regard to any past
or future legislation in Pennsylvania. I
-cannot, however, consent to forego, alto ,
• . gether, the soltitary- lessons•of experience.
We have no tight to•expeet - entire exeinp;
lion frit m evils that other people have suf
. .fered;. and-I-am determined. - solar as 1.6 - m
• concerned, to shore none of the responsi=
bility of introducina them, into'Pennsylva
. nor; I 'want ti not.
fiat I Of
-7.---- tolbe - iPirit - oFonroolistittltion....nor-on-t - he.
c,if'exp:cdienciy,,Cught the appoint
mentitiiibeAleated iirthe'Legislature. The
• Legislature have - the . power of enacting the
laws malting, the appropriations to purposes
•of_internaLimprovenien 4-and-the-spirit-of
the constitution, as well' as the legislation
•Of the commonwealth; has provided that
the disbursement of the:moneys and settle
- nient ofilte:sccountset the commonwealth
should be 'in the hands of• . officers differ
ently appointed, evidently to prevent cont.: ,
hination's 'or Collusion,, or the operation . of
. the same influences in the appointment'of
give to the branches. of govern
meet which appropriate the moneys, the
appointment of the officers who are to dis
burgle them, would, in my.judgmetit, tend
to brepk,dpwP the safe-guards. provided by
~,ther!:•onetOqon in,
.the disbursement of
zim.olo ll6 .liqk • •
bill be ore, me presents other diJ&•
ealties' ) ; Theennetittitiee's'ettts the legisla.
Ass,On,werm,,,the * General, Assembly
-Execittiiiintier in a Governor, and der
vieres the,dutietiof both. The leading duty
of the former is to enact laws, -intl'orthe
stake, care' that they be faithfully
• Jez.ectttech l ,'• :To enable him toperfOrtrt that
xtuty,Ate - constitution tleclares . " 41)211 -
- appointill Officers,whose .Offiess are eats
; •Islithedl)y the constitution or shall be ea.
tablitihml bylaw, , •and Whose. appointnierits
are not herein otilertvise',prtiviiled
plausible argument may be drami frOm -the
bill before me,' that it establishes A Mode
- appointment within the'latter,elnuse . aboTe
zecited,:lnit When we',lciok andthar part
oftherconatim doe, Which declares that I . ! ‘tiri-
Member of they Senate or.of the 4ouse . ot
__.lteprosentativeii Shall beippointed,.bY the
Cleser,not to . itir 4 orkeit'dtirtng the' term. et
which he shall have been elected," it man-, I GOVERNOR PORTER. AT HOME.
ifestly shows that the people intended to, A Van ,Buren convention composed'. of
confine the -Principal, duties:. of their Re r delegates' from the' different toWnshipa''bf
presentatiVes tQ direct legislation. If this Milphirt county, was held at, , Harrisburg,
bill becoiries :Claw, and the principle ex- a few, days since, and two delegates were
tended, they might fill all, Cfßces••mn: of. appointed i to represent the' County in , the
their respectie bodies, which would •dc- Van Buren State .Convention to be held in
stroy their purity, and-destroy the•lncom- March next; for the -purpose of nominating
patiblo 'ptinciple in the-constitution; which a candidate. or Governor.. :
restrains the Governor : from making. ap-1 The following preamble - and resolutions,
pointmeots from either house, during the' together with other resoltitions of a similar
time for c which they shall have been elected..! character; were "unanimously adopted:"
In point of expediency 'think The bill j "increas, we ,firmly believe that there.
ought_uot_to_become alaw, and_this I think isis no possible hope of electing his Excel-.
is manifest from our previous legislation on lency, David R. Porter, should he be re
this subject. • ' ' '• • ~_•lntiminatedi and if' we • may • judge' of. the
'Under the acts of 27th March; 182 . 4. !future'by the past, it 'mask be Apparent to
1 rth April, 1825'; 10th April, - 18'20, and !every observer that, if 'his re-nomination
1611-461, 1827, the canal commissioners could be effected by the greatest possible,
were appointed by the Exectitive:i .At first , seeming unanimity, his election would
the Boanl c 1 • • : rre-triber-4 - ••• • - -
it was then increased to five; and by the
act of L ioth.~ipril, 1826; it was increased
to nine; at which number it continued
til 1,830. By: the AAA- of E6th •orApril,_
18p0. Wino personsnii,ifi r ett m the law,•were
a ppoin teit -canal OnminiSslonere, and autlio-:
rity. was given: to, the Governor' to filhany
vaeancies which might occur in the Board,
from, deatlt, resignation ox otherwise •
On the oth, day of April, 1830, in less
Than a year after its passage, the Act of
IGth - fif - April, - IM:Was.-repealed, and the
Governor was authorited to .appoint three
persons as-a board-of:Canal commissioners:
• public-opinion- having deeidedly -pronounc
ed against the appontment . by the Legisla
ture.- %ay the Act of 28th
_January.. 183 4 G.,
the timo . of appointing canal commissioners
Was Changed front the Ist - Of : lune to'the
Ist•of February, and by the prOvisions.of
thiitlaw, the then existing hoard of canal
-commisSionets.werelegislateil out of office
Sour months before the expiration of their
commissions, but no change as to the num ,
bcr cfthe commissioners, or their modeof
- appointinent, was made: It will be Within
thei.rceollection of all, that the lending..rea
mentioned act were, that-it - was-more-pro--
per ,that' the duties of thi: 'canal .comons
sioners,phould he-exercised byliersons
pointed by and having,-Ilte:confidence_of
the Executive„-for-the-iiroci -being, - than to •
have,the whole internal' improvemeni..s3, - rs;
tern under the control and direction of per-
sons who might not harmonize, with the
EXeentivc •opinion, whil9 ho is, in a
measure at least, lieid responsible air the
administnition_o . flltotabieriime n -
Our worst apprehensions of consequen
-ces from the forced .resurriPtiotiiir 'Specie
pn:yrnents -by the.. Banks - of Philadelphia,_
before they were-in a state to justify the
measure, have been realized. - 'Net z ,only
- the - -Suites been
obliged' again: to-suspend specie payments,
but the other Banks of Philadelphia - have
_compelled - to follow- Suit: It can
hardly be eXpented,. - -- linden - such circum
stances, that the Banks of _Maryland. and
Virginia will. be ,able to hold on; so that
the suspension of sphie -payments in all
Banks south of New York; it is. probable,
will again becomegeneral." , • .
.An effort (most laudable for its honesty,
it must be acknowledged,)-bas been made,
by the Philadelphia Banks to- egain and .
maintain their footing on tbe
sun a -good faith and stead
fastness of • purpose which entitles.its mis
fortune to respect. -• "It is the general sen
timent," says the Pennsylvanian, a leading
organ of the present Administration, "what
ever differences of opinion may exist in
. other resperts,Ahat.the Banks, in .the face:
of an almost overwhelming partici, have
made a manful and highly commendable
effort to discharge their obligations to the
public." In this opinion, it scent's to us, -
there must be a general concurrence. •
The effort, however, has been iii vain.
Six .millions of dollars had the Bank of the
United States, single-handed, counted out:
in -satisfaction -ofthe,demands-aecuntulateff
against it - from all, quarters ; and. still the
sulliciently acquainted with the- particulars
of-the understanding existing, in'view of
resumption, between the Banks of Phila
delphia- and the Banks and Bankers of
New York; Boston, &c.., to say how far
hinny.'. have been observed, in good faith by •
the-latter; but it looks, at -this-distance, as
though the Philadelphia, Rantis • had been
over-reached iii thy- affair,, - of resumption ;
by which-we mean that they had been
,to believe in_proinisee- of-aid -and
--piiifeasins of forbearance which
_hare not
been kept, or, if kept to their - ear, :have
, been broken to. their The Phila
delphia Gazette of, Friday, - indeed, inti
mates as much in announcing the stispen
- co-opeifitive genrrosity-and
indidgence.ol_the North and - East,T.fisays::
- 1116 - " Gazette; "so abundantly promised and
spoken of incase of the resumption of the
Philadelphia Banks, and especially of the
UnipdStates Bank . of,this Commonwealth,
having aiready_drawnl4yew_Yorkfibmi
the latter institution between five and six
millions of dollars in specie since thelsthl
of last month, it, has been compelled to
resist the constant and overwhelming tide
[of demand, by a temporary suspension of
Aped° outlays."-- , The New York Journal •
of Commerce, a keen. adiersary of the
Bank, almost admits the imputation sug
.gesfed, by the Philadelphia Gazette,, in an
nouncing the suspension, when it says,—.'
"Bills of the United States Bank are bought.
at 10 per centdiscount. There are.. but
few of them here; the.resumption.having:l
beeii(atitively tied in:,sendin g everkthing
honie,- by -whielqtrew York and the Eas
tern Cities have realized a very large sum
As opinion, and execute their,purpose by ;in specie :and 'available funds." • Great
come• other Executive agent ;." but if they activity, it appears, hasimen.Adisplayed, sib
Think . otherwise--if they agree with Me— , the Journal quaintly expresses it, in "send
- .
if- they can see in • the proposed system ing every thing home," that :is, in collect,
only Political scrambling for °Rico, discord .
ing and placing in the hands of 'brokers
and dissension, they lint; also pronounce leverydemand that could be raised in '"New
that judgm e nt the, guidance of our fit-I' York and the Eastern cities" against the
turn cnurse,`and - thus:' settle ~on a cer- Bank of-the • United-- Smiles.' The New
taie,basis, the organization of the Board oflYork Times, not inimical to the Banki.cor
,canal.',,Comniiksioners, 'in s reference to
. roborates the facts stated bv...the Journal Of
Which- . we pow unfortunately -entertain Cotinnerce, saying, f! -- Upein the Banks of
inelfconflieting Opinions: . - • •thieeity, and of-the , Worth and East
ExacuTi.vx CHAMBER, nerally, this suspension will exercise little, ll
February 10,. 1841. if ney,,iefluence, as their funds have
cently, been iteailk all withdrawn from
Philadelphia."' Of the perfect - right, Of
the Nen , York and Eastern holders oftho
-paper anfferedits of tbe Bank of the ,United
States to 'send them: On
,to Philadelphia,
.and demand payment, for. 4,heni we .make
ep'iletibt. • The - question which:occurs :to
Every Set of men hove the_rien, I sup
pose, to=change their. opinions, ti;hen and
;Airy please ; but I confess
find some: difficulty in keeping- pr,ce with
somodf. the' charges of modefic . for
what was then- right cannot now be con;
sidered Wrong. "." •
. . .
:There is 'another,.apd toy . mind iii
insuperable, objection i s o vesting the power
inihe Legislature, as provided-in-this bill;
and that la, the fact that from the manlier
in which th 6 state is districted for Senators
and Representatives by the Act of 16th of
T...., 1 0.01.2..... ah,,, 4llii4Lv- 1 . -L------Z -t--i--!'-
respond with that of 0 majority of- , the .
:people of the state ; and it is impossible
not to see that the' effect of the Bill in
question, will be to give a political com
plexion -to the board of canal- commission
ers, different from that of a Majority_ of the
.The whole Object.of the bill is:
to remove from 'office ine'n . holding one set
of political opinions, and `'to appoint poli
tical oppcinents iii• • their stead. Any 'at• : ,.
tempt to conceal it from the people. betrays
a gross ignuranee..of Their understanding
and intelligence. I conceive it to be a
duty which I owe to.them to speak thus
plainly - and .explicitly. on the - subject. --- -.... --
The'appointing power is the niast em
barrassing, part of - the - Executive duties: - I,
lidva'no destre to increase - its amount, nor
even to retain that which is now vested in
the. Governor, where it , can
.be safely ex
ercised elsewhere: If a change is deemed
essential to the prosperity of the publiC
works, and'that the power of appointment
of canal catninisAtoners is--not ,
safe-in the
', hands of the I have no desire
tiretain it. Let
, it go directly to the, whole
people, at their annual .elections: The Le
gislature all times find me r:eady.to_.
j co - operate - willf - th - eiff, - iiiaabling, the peo
pie to elect all officers, whose appointment
is not specially proiidedfor in the consti-•
tution; - but-I- never -: can'sandtion a law
which takes away, not 'only the rights of
Alre' - ExecutiveAut - ttie — pWle - , - - - aiid gives
.powers tiii.the : Lemislature_not e.Ontempilatetl.
`6y 7 111 . 6 -7 6 - 61istitution, and - which, in my
judgment, would be a Usurpation of-power
by the Legiilature, pregnant with evil:—
However indisposed I may be to retain all ,
the pciwers -ei_the_txecutive,--it-is*,-myl
sworn duty to protect the rights of the
people from legislative encroachments, and
-I intend to do it. . • '
Tho issue. is now. before the
,people of
this commonwealth for decision; and' with'.
that deciSiori,.whateverit may be, I shall
be perfectly satisfied. Should a majority
determine that 1 have . done wrong in re ,
fusing to eanetion this change in the mode
of appointing canal - commisaionettothat.
this contemplated. alteration is wise, pru
dent and safe—and that -better selections
would have been - made by . the two Houses.
of the.. Legislature than. by - the people, or
the. Executive, they can easily proclaim
. •
• "To reason with men where , their rte.
slobs tire concerned, is like reasoning with.
a &mil:aril in - his erms—the only answer.
you will ietlioni him , is that, he ,is sehei
and Yon aro drnnk..." • • •
tbe extremely on t u ;Ten. ackson
had-a majority of upwards of,poiqop,•at his
first election, and Mills second something
I over 20,000. Governor Wolf hid:2s;ooo
land-upwards - when first7electeiL ivas
re-nominated without any visible
tioni-yet-his-majorrty wae - but - P - fewvotes
over 3000. Governor Porter, in 1838,.
had between 0 and 7000 Of a majority.--.
Then, if when the party was. united Gen.,
Jackson . lost•near 30,000 -,votes, 'and Gov.
Wolf over '20_,000, cannot theinoPt. short
pighted and selfish see that there is little or
no !Eve of redeeming the .Keystone State
in 1841,if David R. Porter is to. be the
candidate -of-the- democratic -party:- There
fore '
.. Resolved, That -the political history of
Pennsylvania furbishes evidetice . abOndent
that the people' are, democratic,.and in
vor of rotation in office, and one term for
Governor, that . we as ,democrats' cannot
view atiy other rule as .purely democratic.
Resolved, That the delegates ,elected to
represent the county Of Dauphin, in. the
DeMocratic Convention to assemble in this
borough on the 4th day of March next,
nominate a candidate for Goverber;he bud;
they-are-hereby-instriteted to-vets fort and - i
rale all honorable means to --place—in-nomi
nation a new man. - • .
From the Nationalintelligenier.
our mind is;
.whetlei this great activity in
extracting froiwthebask all itssPecie was
entirely copformsbl e to the expectations
which the Beni of-the United States was
ted to en,tertaiMr an d upon which it was in-.
duced to resume'apecie payments when it
did ? Be that asit may, however, any
individual engaged - ,in, business had,.under
similar circumstances,'Made - such an effort
and sacrifice- as Alic - Philadelphia- Banks
have done to restMe payment' after being
obliged once to suipend; he weidd, - iveal
of being. followed trith the . yells Of vindic
tive adversaries,asthe BankOf the United
States now is,.have a ttracted, as.he would
have deserveA, the general sympathy..
.Foi ourselves, apart from coniideratiorni
connected with the' business and the cur
rency rifthe country,.. which, however, are
not to be . whell • g k. • 'e r
, emergency, me eannotbut feel for the ads
i fortunes of .the inneitent - %.ittO - altheil4cbs:in_
these Banking Tnstitutions, Whose property
is thus tneliing-,awhi-Under:the-influefiee
of a - stories . ' of ‘disastrotis - circumstances,
I every one of whidaireferrable for_ its ori,
gin -:to trial‘adrritinOration in the General
.Government. - HSOlie -Executive of the
United States not.. - transgressed her rightful
province in sundertaiting - to " manage. the
•,. currency," nor aftermids set at defiance
the effort of Congreectorregain_possesiion
.its constitutional authority in this re
spect, these things would none of them
!ever have happened, -• .. ' ..... - • .
....Ne. shall- look --with-a - good . tleaV of • in- .
terest . to Harrisburg, where the Legislature
: f - Pennsylvanii is now in session, to see
I what course the State 'Government , Will
1 piirsue in reference_ to ' the. - Philadelphia
IlankO. ,Those Banks - are, we undorkand,
upon shore notice, linble•to a forfeiture. oft
their banking privileges in- consequence of
their suspension of specie payments.: A
result so rnitions to -the interests of,the
Commonwealth, as well as ofa-large class
of its citizens, will hardly be permitted
either hp Wiklom - or. by humanity,. espe
ciull3%-when-it is-bortut.-in'rnind tit:Ai the - cf= -
fort lately--made by the Philadelphia Banks
-to sustain the credit-Of- T itle 'State. may have,
contributed; in- no small degree, to the-ne
cessity for.their . suspension. -(' 7 . ..
- - . '
From the Plnits.ylvanicf.lntelligencer.
Pennsylvania . • must •be -„ Sus
tained !
- -Inoirrtiv - ii - last - nrticles - We endeavored-to
show the necessity of the - iiiterpnsiiion of
'the interests end credi t of the stateof Penn
sylvaiiia. .We .have-. - endeaVoretl to show
that the late, meditated attempt of a sister
state' to derange and .destroy our, credit,
was but the last act, in a long series of at-.
tempts to[degrade and impoveriSh us.- It
is high time for the _patriotic -soils-et-the
Commonwealth - -tb arouse 'themselves to
action: It is high time for' Pennsylvania
to shake off herloopr g y,—lay aside the ,
small eonsiderations . of - party,' and _declare
independence of 'New York City .now and
fOrever. With
J., P t• reln, ;so wets - getra
counter of the very-Bunk she now seeks
to destroy, for the means to save her citi
zens from-ruin. With a true Pennsylva- 1
nia generosity, - the vaults were opened to
the necessities of the ingrates;
_when an
awful conflagration had 'rendered them ob
jects of commisseration. She has been
- permitted to - di - 1 , 614mm our Own metrepe
!is' the products of our mines, by extend
ing, canals and railroads into our borders.
She has - succeeded, in part,--in
our capital', in making New York the port
of entry- for the city of Philadelphia. -By
some, legerdemain, in..the construction of
the Tariff laws, she haS made the duties
less_in. her_ own _port,-than-lionestY,-,cdulfl.
make them in Philadelphiartliereby:thint
ring . our commerce_antLinipaverishing-Our
commonwealth: Not content with these
successes, in her warfare 'upon our inter
ests, she is to consummate her glory and
our degradation by deatroying our institn,
ticins, for the purpose of congregating th e
'capitatof the country into a'NATIONAL
BANK,to_be located ivithinlier.borders..
Under such circumstances: the question
is asked in all qiiarters, "What -shall we
dos" The answer is a plain tine. Either
let the_Banks be deStroyeil-- , let Neiv , York7
traniple . oier us, and as Speaker Hopkins
once said, let "ruin extend froth the,centre
to the circumfei•ence of the commonwealth"
:—or sustain the.-Pethisyslvankßanks—le
galize the suspension, aad give,.
_the. Banks to employ-theiteapital - ritlioniw
- and - make ThiladelphiS' Ilis only - ,port or
entry for _Pennsylvania. , It the latter
course is talten,-a-well-regulated-iiriftwill
soon -restore our currency—make the ba
lance of trade in' our favor; coyerlhurLca,-
flats W ith tonna ge, and raise our common
wealth to the
,standing among her Sister
states, to:whielaer higlt'clestiny•has called
• PENNSYLVANI ' A:.—'•OUr •plate has . _now , a
- high and imperious duty.,to discharge.; a
duty which she owes herself.: her credit,
her character, her future well being.. She
must make immediate and permanent pro
vision to- meet the interest on.. her loans.—
cari expe4. no . further aid - from the
Banks; her last demand upon :thein has,
been-only a" - entire& - of mutual disaster.- 7 '
Sh'e' must now look 'to :other
relief. These are within her poWer z itilhe
shape of a direct tax, and this tax/should
he sufficiently ample to.,: i llrieg a imirond any
possibility of failure the interest on- her
loans.. This tax in' the "peesent crisis of
.our affairs will be . .submittett -to without
any, general murmur. Let it fall as far as'
possible on interests thdtVan best, sustain
objects that are -not the - essential
elements of life. .
f The, interest on' our State Leans hein;
thus provided for, mid the credit of the
State secured, then let the proceeds of our
public' works and any surplus revenue that
may accrue from the tax, be, converted to
Purposes of keepinOese works. in re-'
pair and eitending - them in those sections
only where previous Outlays would be ren
dered useless by a suspension, or where
the continuation is imperiously reqUired by
the, .obvious, undisputed. interests of' the
stated ; But prosecute ( no Work Merely. be
cause-it has been where the ad-,
Mr. Reed, from the Committee on the
Judiciary, to whom. was referred- the me
morial of the, State Temperance Conven
tion; made a report, which : was read as'
follows, viz :
That they have besthwad on the memo
, rial committed, the consideration to •_which
its-importancei-and the high respectability
of the body from which it emanated,. enti- '
tled it.- . . The memorialists.pray, that.Com of both. Ho - uses of - the'
may be authorized with power to send for
persons•entr papers,•to institute a thorough.
_inquiry into.the maliy•and various Crimes
- prciduced - bythe - trse - oriiirotifeirtni:drink s .
- It seemito the committee, to be inexpedien'
- to 'accede to this suggestion. Were pify
, -otlier--question than that as- toliQ hes't re
medy for, a contessenAvil before tis;.euch
an inquiry inilkht,be_Wrable:-74lut-as-it
is, the frightfulsesults of the pie and abuse
of spirituous liquors; do' iryneed the illus. ,
tration which legislative ( ' inquiry could af-j
ford. They are the eulsjects of daily per
observation*orthe current observi-1
tion of every one-who walks the.streets of
-our cities or ages, or who, tracing, in
the' records o guilt, the close and 'easy re
crime, can see .the legitimate
f/v i
progeny f a. parent, whose likeness is
never . aced. No legislative investigation
is ji eessary here.
• ?The - memorial also represents the wish.
; , Of, the.COniention to be, that a law be pas
sed authorizing a popular vote to, be taken
in" the, different 'counties, on the question, '
whether lice:meal(); the sale . oC. spirituous
liquors ought tolerated.' This scheme
of legislation, your committee ;think liable
' %to . objection. The appropriate object of
,the elective franchise is, the choice of' re
. presentatives i in the piiblid councils, and
agents for public trusts. The .theory ot
'our gevernment asits-trite foundation„cen-,
fidenee on the - part of the constituent. "..It
~is the representative who is to determine
On the remedy Which" an evil demands, or,
in other words, it is 'through the 'represen-
-tative.that. the people act in re
medico. If .there .ho difficulties in, deter
mining what remedy is .best, ; the. repreeen
r tative ilitist,,ineet mid' overcomesthem,•as
hest-imi.mayi.but it'wOuld , be worse, than
.useless 'Weyer/ question of morals or aeon
,oiny,: whit!) arises to puzzle .a. legislator,
were to be referred to popular, decjiion, end'
Our elections,' instead of • being a 'choice
among competent indiyiduals, be converted.
•.• •
41 , 1V1
vantages are•in. anydegree remote or' pre
carious.' Let all -pride and vain ambition;
pompaue deelamation about greatness'
• and glory, yield to the emergencies of the
occasion and the: stern calculations of the
l'rigid economist: • . •
These Ineasures, vigorously prosecuted,
will 'inevitably place the state where she
ought to be.. The proceeds . of .:her public
works will gradually become a sinking fund
to-her debt and. relieve the
. taxcwhich her
present condition requires.- She,will.Cease
tb be what she has been for some . years
past—alternately the slavd and- despot of
the Banks; one day-threatening their•very
existence,-and the 'next a hUmblasup . pliant,
at their doorg :'.charging then] with cor
.ruption; I.lnd then :being bribed: herielfp
acctising them of having forfeited their
c inners a' d then offerin_ to legalize the',
. .
forfeiture on the condition of being 20:0111-
_mOatedilirther. This is cond . = unwor
thy-of Pennaylyania,:_aa :which -we hope
Will not again dishonor the annals of 'her
legislation.—Pliila.: North .dinerican;
Netv Yo . rk Standard,
raises - at the head of its editorial column•a'
cock 'crowing*" Hurrah for, Jackson."-L
Under this it plaCes the announcement of
the'suspension of the United' States Bank.
-Before. this--cock-of-the-Standard cro w s
again we should advise 'the editor' to en
. whether Nev'.i York- has. refunded
the. five millions
_which she borrowed of
this • institution to'•W - distresses
consequent upon'the great fire 01. '35. • If
our figures are-right:more than a , million
and a quarter or, this 'money' remains_ nn
paid. Nor is this .the Worst of the case,
it probably reinaiti.unpaid-for a long
time, if ever paid
,at 'They who cry
for help in. their distress,•should he the
last to crow when misfortunes ,come upon
their benefactor. •Auch -gratitude as this'
becoMes - nothing
,bitt .loPoidcoism in its
blibd idolatry of. GeneraVlackson. We admirers of the United States Bank,
or' of its financial follies, hut 'then there . is
decency in things.--Phit North Amer.
The Exe&Wye Committee of •the Cum
berland County_ Tempeilince Society hay!
meetings appointed as follows : •
• Pe4. "18, Evening,' SliippenSblirj. • :
• 22, School House, •
in Dickinson township. ••
A ,544 . T.n rm r •
It is presumed, that by Thursday even
ing of this week, our Committees will
have discharged tikoir duty of collecting
these papers. If any, containing signa
tures, shall not'be called for:p.rjor to _that
time,-we hope it-will be - handed forthwith
to our Secretary; Saml. Elliott.
Any persons residing within the limits
of our county, where societies are not or
ganized, and wishing to become 'members
of the Cum. Co. Temp. Society, by sign
ing our pledge, can do so by the
Drug Store of S. Elliott, Main street, Car
lisle. •
Feb. 15, 1841.
into means of deciding . on mdre, measures
of . government. Nor would it be.possible
to separate such questions as the one pro
posed to' be submitted from party or poli
tical considerations. The same instinct of
Party would seize on one side or the other
of the "retail" question, and temperance
would be made to - minister to at - least' one
of the. many species of intern perance,which
periodically agitate'the public 'mind. "Li
cense;" and "no' lidense," Would be the
watchword of party conflict, and the result
would be not a 'conclusive - determination of
the question submitted for decision, but the
.boast of - some ctinning' partizan; . who, hat ,
ing - electioneered on temperance, would
forget his obligations : even to the name, as,
soon as he was elected. Let the Legisla
titre, this Legislature, or that which is to
follow it, do its duty, and submit no ques
tions of legislation tO.the popular decision.
' '' The' prayer of the memorialists as to the
- amendment- of the tavern'ilicense law, bit
which publiC - .notice of all applications . for,
licenses - shall . .be given, and .the names of
those -who recommend a tavern stand i vpub 7
lished; meets with the approbation of the
ComMittee: ., They .have accordingly .re
ported a..8i1l to that effect, (No. 7 ':)...
They do not doubt it will produce fav rable
results. ; Suiih a publication can dOno harm,
'hifil - i - i - ,it - see Ins7to ilia Committee,equir
ed fur the security .olneigliborhood ' Any
rigorously penal enactMent on the s bjee.t
of the sale of spirituous liquor, won't.' im-
Ancitientibly - ilo - riiore - harm 'ficati.. gobd.—
Public opinion, now stimulated to unusual
activity., and directed , .-bp high moral, and
religious influences,_can_do far, more good
than the extreme vigor of penal statues..
.-73. --"An. Act - supplementary,jo the - vari
ous Acts relating to tavern liceuses.."-
-The-Third National Temperance Con=
vention is appointed to . meet at Saratoga
Springs, 'State or:NeP , I York:',„ on the last
Tuesday_ of July.—The Delegates from
Cumberland county appointed by the State
.CDPAP r l i Allta r imi T ti a Trore r s'slii i .ULlgit 7
At - a Temperance meeting in Boston,
Mass., in the mime of Some remarki, — a
young Eon said,—" I had, eleven ,iidmpan ,
ions, alt healthy young men, all doing, well
in our business. We Used to meet to
drink, and to gamble; we
course for some tinte,_and-now what is'the
history of uslwelve. Six have died drunk
ards—two have enlisted in state-shjps—
oVo are in ihe Hbuse of Correction- 7 one
is a drunkard still-4 I alone, have escap-'
MI to tell you." " Who, who was it„'
exclaimed this young than, "who have for
these many years sold us. this rum ? *- Of
THEM, in the sight of Gpf . l4ldemandthw
Who - have gone - to the Drunkard's
grave; or are-living the drunkur(l's
-Wittr'sobbing_ana with-tears—fit-mourning
over such remembered dead, he exclairndil
.‘ Where, where are my conzpanionsg'
I Mr ' Greig, a temperance lee rer, said
I the objections of thousands ~..ainst teto
talism were like those of . good lady to
Dr. Fell: '
• ~ I do'not like you,9 . Fell,
The reason whyAcannot - tell,
do not like yOu, Dr. Fell.
Shill a vim to her .antipathy to the
learned doetpr(and millions of human be
ings 3vorli/their Oivn destruction through
their ah.rrenee to tetotalism.
Thylikipgs and dislikingS ofAnch_beings.
all -- sinter' tliernsilves;:tiley•ire eve . zrz,
jtm - vtir'thetrieslvelf,7lffe — y4 are: a 'world to'
themselves, and for the 'great family of
mankind they have no' sympathy. They of an epitaph on an. old tomb
stone, in St.' Peter;s churchyard. - •
Who died of sickness and oh) age;.
Hitt - years were more than ten times ten,
1 .And he more worthless than most men;
And hind he lived until this hour,
He never could exert his power,
To snatch a soul from death or sin, -
- He was too lazy to begin; • - .
Therefore in silenCe let him rot, , • •
Blamed every day, but never forgot.
[Foreign Paper.]
TEMPERANCE MAN..;--A Bon Of the Em
erald ivho arrived in Ne* York the
other day,"was asked by an acquaintance
to take a glass Or grog; but declined, giv
ing as a reason . for his refusal, that he had
joined the temperance society in Cork be
fore leaving Ireland. His friend replied
that that Was no conseqUence,.as a pledge
given in Ireland was
.not binding hen): To
this piece of
. left-handed morality, Pot in
dignantly retorted-47;"D0 you suppose when -
I brought, me body to America, I'd be of
thur laving my Bowl in Treland?"
• - .- •
WILL be sold at, public gale on Friday the 26th
day of- Februart inst., at 2 o'clock, P.M. of
said day, on the premises, the following described
~teahEstate, to wit:--4111 the interest of. James Mc-
Keehan;jr. hi a Tract of Land, situate on the Mount,
Rock Spring, in Cumberland county, lying part in
Westpennaborough and part in Dicktivion townships,
and bounded by lands of the heirs bf Br. Wm, Sharp,
Beltzhoover, the heirs of Wm. Fergusonmul •
(Acre, containing about, Two Hundred and Forty
Acres, having thereon erected . a Two Story Stone
House and Log Barn.
The terms of Sale will be madeitnotly the un
dersigned on the day of sale... , Tr•••- • •
TOBIAS .34)f-E,RS, • •
. .4seigneet of James: Afelfeeheut, Jr.
Febriary 6, 11141-..”4t.• ' •
. .
• If a man beginS to save 'ten cents n day ;
when he is 21 yeaiS'olci,,and continues to
(to so until he is, 70, he will then be worth
. . . •
w The
time will come_when retlecting . men
aio more think of 4cpAiigintoxicatirigii
-quors,Thr Of creating or renting grogihOpS
as a me - an of g'ainohan:they l would_now
think of :poisoning the well front which
their neighbor obtains water for his family,
or of arming _a maniac to,destroy his , own
life or the lives of others.".
. .
— lunar PAcioET Bays "Those wIM make
or sell ardent spirits •for common use, afe
as wicked - as those who make amtsell poi
son for the 'swim purpose. The blood of
murdered bodies arutsoule will be'reqUir
ed at their hands."
• • • zactiteacowc....
• The_ Subscribers have formed a-Co-parfnership
under the name of • . •
• Jacob. Sena. 'iti• Son, -
and will, as usual, carry on the •
at the old stand in South Hanover : street,nest deur
to the public !maim of Mr. John Common, where, •
every article in their line may he had on the best •
terms. They take this method of informing those
indebted on the books of Jacob Benet.", that. an early,
settlement of their accounts is necessary. •
Carlisle, Feb. 3,, 1841.---4 t • • •
Triennial ssessment.
is iiereby given that the Commissioners
111 of CunTherland county will hold the appeals for
the year 18.41, in the different Boroughs and town
ships of said county, "at the times and places as pub
lished below, for the purposeof heaving
.all persons
who may apply for redress, and to grant such relief
as to thein shall appear just and-reasonable, to wit: '
..Fltartaroan and 'A/limns townships on . Thursday
the 18th „February next, at the public !untie ofJames i
Hoover in the bcircutgli of Newville.. '" •
Nnw - vmr. and N EWTON, on Friday the 19th at
the same place. • „„
11orswitt., on Saturday -the .20tli at the public
.house of:lames Sponslerjn NeWburg.
Monday the .22(1 at the,public house.of Jacob. Engle -
in the borough.of Sbippensluirg,
--Borouglrof Siiiii - PENSDUROi on - Tueiday the 23d
tlie same place. •
:Mein NSON, on 'Wednesilay_the.24th at - the public
house ofJosepli Mellinger in Centreville. •
WEST PSNNSDOROUGH, on Thursday the 25th at the
publicJionse -of George Sheaffer at Mount Rock. -
Noirrit DDLETON t FrillSy the 2601 at the
Cnimidisioners' officd-in the borpugh of Carlisle.
SOUTH MIDDLETON, On Saturday the 27th at the
same place.
EAST PENNRDOROUOII , en. Tuesday the 2d of March
next at the publiC house of Andrew Kreitzer. . .
Borough of NEW CUM OERLAND; ADO Wdnesday
the 311 at the public house-of Jacob ; Pipist in said bo
• A.U.P.,T, on Thursday` the 4th at the public house of
DavidSheaffer Shephardstown..
116 rough Of AftentmesnuttO, 6n Friday the - sth at •
the public house of John Hoover in said borough. •
Mosnot, on' Saturday the 6th at the publie house of `
Mrs. Paul in Cluirchtown.
Borough Of CARLISLE; on.,Mollay. the Bth at.
•CommiSsioners' Oka in said barough. '
- SILVER SPI3ING,OII Tuesday tlitt 9th at the iablic •
house ofJoseph Grier in Ill•guestown. . --
•prine4ll Assessors are also notified and re
qiiired to :mead at the time and place fixed for the
appeal, for their respective bot:oughs • and . townships..
By, order of the Commissioners. •
• • 'JOHN IRWIN Clerk. •
Copper, Sheet Iron and
- : rn•
• •••• 4%7
• 5... • • .y
• • /;..
ijk ania
would inform the pill
manufacture at his old stun
Carlisle, opposite COMM:
the line of his business, stn
inch Kettles; Dye, K, It, .
Iles, House Spouting, andevery Variety of.
. .
Tin- lirt,tre l ' • "
~i Drums, Stove Pipe, -
f ... 1 0 , . Dripping Pans, .4-c. •
1:: ..- • AV He also ofTere,for sale
...•. - •,.., -p, Cooking, Parlour, •
~:-.;fr ~,-, -: ,.. 4-.-.) :.Clunnber._ and,-Office'
- q - - i ----- --- ---- : - - - --=: - -- . -- - stotitti. .
or woo; ,or coal, uf every- variet r r -mat pattern--all of
which he will dispose ,of on t ie,post reasonable
N. B: Henlso has for sale the improved Rotary
Cooking Stoles , which arc superior to any ever of
fered in this place. J. F.
Carlisle, Feb. 3,134.1.--3 m
Virginia :11,cesbnrg Lottery.
Class B for 1841.—T0 be drawn at Alexandria
Va. on Saturday . the 20th of Yebruary,l.B4l.
$30;000 - "410 000
6,000 Dollar§ 2,500 Dollars •
5,000 Dollars 2,195 Dollars. .•
3,000 Dollars
Prizs of.. $4,000. &c. •
Tickets $lO--Halves $5.--Quarters $ so.
Ceraficatewof Pockagesof $l3O
Do. - 25 Half • • - --65- --
Do: •- -
-: do
.25Qtiarter do' • 3250
50 1,
000 'Dollars !: . •
• .•
Kr' 5 PriZ - CS - 0f $lllOO,Ol .
And Fourteen DraWn Nos. out of Seveniy-fiie.'
Class B for 1841.—T0 be drawn at 'Alexandria
Vu. on Saturday; the 27th of February, 1841. • •
' : 'GR4II 7 I) SCHEME!
.. •
Five "prizes of $lO,OOO
50,000 Dollars
:1-2 prizes of 45 , 0 00-2,500-2,l2oi''' •
25 prizes of 41,000-720 of $5OO-720 of
$4OO-30 of $3OO-40 of $25.0 1. &e. -
• Tickets slo—Halves ss—Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of Packages 025 Whole Ticket:4l2oA • "
Do; do - 25 Half. do • - •
Do. do '25 Quarter do
Irr• Orders for Tickets and Shares or Certifioatea T
of Packages in the above Lottery will be komptly ,
ittented to and the drawing sentlnunediately after it ,
is over. Address; •
D..S. GREGORY, Co.ohlanagerr.
• Washington C..
113randreths Pegetable Univeri. •
• *al
Ate held by the following agents in their. respee—'
tive- counties. ~ /"As' numerous counterfeits of. these ,
pills arc attempted to be Palmed•upon the communi—
ty, the proprie ty . of purchasing only from tlfe repot , -
Mzed agents, will be apparent.,
Cumberland County—George W. Hitner,Carliidel!
Riegel,,,Mechaniosburg ; Gilmore & Wanner,
NeWville ;. S. Culbertson,' ShippeaSburg; Hoite.W.
Rrenneman,.New Cumberland; IWO Barton-, Lie,' -
burn;, M. G; Rupp; Shiremanstown; Hy Riegel &Co., -
.County—Alexander Alfagie, u Woumfiel
J. & S.A. Coyle,Landisb9rg'.,-.,' .
August 26, ••• ; , • •".
.10t received atpieN ew tott
ppens rg,
• 411; NOLD ABRAM&