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zlhe Public Lauds..
liesOlutiOns instructing our Sena-
tors in.relation to the public-doinain, haVe
passed both 'hooves Of the Legislature.—
the Senate-by-a"vote of 21: to 9, and thc.
)douse of Representatives' - by a .vote of
52 tci42,; In the Senate Messrs. Kingsbury
Headley, and Smith.,.,
Church and Mr: 'Holleman of, the Van
,131frott fiarty voted in .the:. affirmative. It
•is strict i ly Tennsylvania' measure; and
we are ; Sorry, that party prejudice prevent
• ed atnutnintous votes We annex .the Re
isolittiodS, and the 'yeas and mays in the
ou e - -
Resolved, ikc; That our Senators ,in
°tigress be, and they are hereby instruLt
td; and: Our' Representatives requested, to
' "resist ahy.and.all attettipts, under what pre
• tence eoevei - the : saMe• may be made, to
deprive' the people of - this State of ieir
; just propOrtion of the common inheritance
in the Public• Lands, g aud that they be: and
are hereby further instructed and request
td toitifroduce and advocate the passage of
- • .
a -Bill providing for the distribution of the.
proceeds of the same among the several
..States in, the. ruff() of their respoctiire..po
.Rgsb Ived, - - That the. Governor. be- re
quested to 'Cause a copy of this . Resolution
to be .forwarded to - each . of our Senators
nod Re.rmientatives in--Cagress .a.nd_to
• the Governors of the several with
. Ike ,request. that the same may be laid bc
___forelheir_respe_otiKe State legislatures.
' _ The••first.• res.olotion __w'as - __agroJd 'to as
follows*: • . ' . . , . .
---- - YEA,S-;--Messrs...Andiews,Banits, Bard,
Belt; -Brunner,: Crisman, Church, Clark,
Correy, Cox, Cummins, Darsie, Lkilivorth,
:Dtintapl Byro,-Fauss, Foreman Funk-, Fu-_
They, .Gratz, Hanna, Higgins,
Hole Man, Johnston, fArms'Ag.).*Kennedy,
kerr;Law, Letherman, Lightner, Livings
ton, .McClure, • McCurdy, Middleswarth,
Miles, Montgomery, Musser, Myet4year
f!Apn coy, , „Bush . „ . o4 . titter, :
Sinyser, , Shively, Sprott,: Steele,
Titus,. Von Nelda,- . WashaboUgh . , Crabb,
Speaker. • • : • • • •
- NAYS—Messrs. Anderson,-Apple, Irarr;
Bean,- BOA, -Bonsall, Broadhead, ,( Vike,) '
'Brodhead (Nth'n.) Cortwright,,Cromiiffat,
bouglas, :Ebaughlf Felton, ;Febton, Flan-
bevy,: Flenniken, fliek,- Fogel, Fuller,
Gamble, Garretsoni--Gillis ; - fitiaS, Hahn,
'Hills-,Horton,. Johnston, , (-•-'est'd) Kutz,
Leidy, May, Me-Cully, McKinney ; -Moore,
.Painter, -PeunimOn, Pollock, -Scott, Stir :
der, Trach, Yanhorn; Wearer, 'Wright.
Mr. Pox then offered . an amendment to
tome - in as'a second resolution, instructing
'our Set6tors 4&c., further tb vote for such a
temodification - of the Tariff, as will make
the receiptq on imports &c., into, the na
tional - treasury, equal to the wants of •the
national government, so• that • hereafter ..no
part of. The moneys. arising from the
of the public lands need *be used for the
expenses of Government. .
Agree 4 to Yeas 58 Nays-3(h.--
The remaining resolution 'requesting the
Governor to forward a copy of the fore.
going resolutions to the. Governors of each
State; and to Congress was then agreed to,
and the;Bill was - ordered to be engrossed
for.a.thinireading. .Ailjburned, °
The troubles in Maine come to an end!
—ln the Portland Argtis of the 11th of
January, in this blessed :year of 18.11, we
find,thefollowine scrap,,,which . will lead.
to groat "drawing" of-bets and corks; and
wilrtnako Many a lively politician.l.think
hiMself a;propliet, who never fancied he
had a right to ~claim .the honor, until.he
said • "neither• Fairfield nor Kent are elect
od!" But' here is — the document, and a
specimen . It :is, for ,brevity and "close"
figures. - .. •
John Davies. of. Cumberland, from the
Joint:B6l6ot Committee, to whom was re
felled, The .rete!trus of Votes' of the several
Towns; and 'Plantations for Gover
nor, reported..this-.morning, that the cOm-,.
mittee have "assiduously and carefully
' examined the returns referred to theni, and.
--- 6ndthat - th - e - Whole - num her - arvoteszlegallyi
_-_end . constitutionally .returned_are_,Ninety-.
one thou§and one hundred and seventy
nino;. die niinilier therefore, necessary for
choice is forty-five thousand five luny
ittea and ninity. That:no person has that
• Edward. Kent has received 45574 votes.
John Fairfield - . • 45607. •
Hannibal Hamlin 28
F. O.i.L Smith '• •:"
Spattering,. • I. 55
Committee 'report that"- Edward
Kent, Jahn Fairfield, Hannibal Hamlin,
and F. Q. J. Smith are, the lour highest
cathadates , voted for.by the people, and
that dreg ate': the four candidates. from
which' the:lll2Pee- of .HepresentatiVeti:thust
select tivo.tandidatessio ~seml - to ,thd Pin=
ateefror the' _e'ftete wet.
Tho enAlitittee have .
rejected about -suety iiii*..tarhich were re,
turned • as thrown: by persons
living in- nnorganized - Plantations.'., The
lteturning:officers ,haVe, certified that these
, Votes were given by persons-who, had-not
. !.I,letr polls and estates, aecording
to-the raw-of-1,833.'1 •
The:iornmittee - report that they have al
-1(464'14d einiitted one hundred votes re
ittfttetlibr reirfield, 'Land forty,:fivp
yetis /Or, EdWard Kent, . that were -given
itiAtt':adjpitting, towns; and the returning
_ , hays , re,turne4:the - fact
tlitkso:iniany' 'fettle were given, withput
certifyg . .whetito The.:persons..by whom
they - Art,itiV,liit;'*itie" lega ly quplified to,
r*fof , klioverttOr or not:
,The House of Representatives - have
since returned (he"names dfEdWatd Kent
tuid?'.ToltWr . airkelcfter;tlo3 - Senate es the two
BO eteetiadidkee• The Senate by, a vole
'0ff,11., - ,0 4ffictinia Edward. Kent (Whig',
to keolecteiL:.Goirernoi of ; Mollie for the
term of oniityo.ol-';',S
'From the Villa-e Itt;eord.
E lee tio . f .006.11tirrisetf,.and
pledge to 'Sortie but , one ,terni.• , --= the..rinfeg
of Mr. Van Boren, Who ran for:the.secontl
term—appears_ to linve given great popu
larity and force to the one term principle
among the people.generally. Already nu
merous iniers, int.!' public meetings of =the
people, have laid down and advocated the
doetrine-+distingeiShell - ptifilie men have
ineurporatettit in their politicafeptle--and .
a distingnished .Demoe.rait, in the Legisla
ture of Pennsylvania,'Nr. Reed, of_V.hila4
'has already — futreduced 'a . proposition
altering iff6 Constitution in such a way as
to make the Governor
thee- three years',- in. any series-of -nine
Tlie more thegovernmeut is in the hands .
of the people, as a.general rule,-the more
likely is.it to Im .safely,litteStly end ecO ,
adMinisterett: . Altholittt . the
people/have .felt it. to' be expedient, lit the
athiptlini of a constitution, to.guartlagainst
popUTa‘r commotion, 'arising from physical
strengtli n afill intemperatelegislation' frOM
. or - misguided seal" it may .be Atild
down as a gelicral rule, that the People are
honest-4hey intend„.to . do • ttght, and in
most cases will do so.'. That Our rulers,
therefore, may be teinptred by Om whole
some principles eml pure 'nor* of the
people, it is 'proper that' elections should
be frequent:, and,:the means of nerpetutrting
pover' hy• ambitious or Wicked Men;
strieted.by Ctinslittitionat means:" . , . •
• The one rm principle, places the in
leumhent upon high'. ground. : He feels
' honored•l'y the high post, and the:dictate
faithfully, and to the best . ..Of It is. abilities,
endeavoring -to elerate the character and
-advance-Alm—interests of:- the : State, But s =
if -the door _-be open for a.Subsequentelee
tion, unless he- is of . more Spartan
virtue, , his thoughts, turn upon a: renomi
nation; and his main inquiric.•*.are—"llow
shall I reward, my pOlitidar frientli-howH
iluenee---w hat- are :the
- best. ineans L for paving' the• - wafto a fliture.
nomination ?" : 4r.e. .And tlie.Tonsequenee
is, the ittlerests of the State:sink in-the
perineumbent mass Of Political,..,rubbish
whieli is in ule• to overburthen it. .
must admit that these considerations are
entitled to great weight. But if we• look
to, the history, Of the past, we shall-find _
liiliblidant evidence to enforce them, Take
the. Governors .of. this State, incluaing. the
presrn t incumbent ; . some of them were
%rise and 'efficient Men . . but who. can fail
to see that, once sed - iri.thdazzling
post, surrounded with honors,
ands bowing, aisequiously - to' their nod,
that their most flarling.object has beet! to
pirpeluke porer--tct secure a re-nomina-
I non and a rd-election"? • In consequence
the mint: have. beeb forgotten; legislation
and faVors,und Eiecutire smiles, have all
been directed to wardipurty---the dominant.
party; the Executive, . elevated perhaps
fir .his • talents "and patriotism, became
intoxicated 'by his power, blinded .by his
ambition, and initead of
. ..being the Gover
nor of .the people, helms becoMe the tool
of the doniinant party—cringing, bending,
and . almost forswearing himself, in order to,
follow its.narrow and selfish dictates; ivhile .
tiie nailority were forgotten or spurned ;
discaided front favor and office, little or no
better than aliens in the land of their birth.
Estalilish the' one .term principle and
what CIO' we do ? We. at once remove a
thousand leniptations,to vice or cprruption
arising from -selfish z inotives,Party- may
still eXercise: its iiiffuence-upon the incum-.
bents; but it will be counteracted by the
'generous emotions of the heart, and. the
patriotic desire he will feel ! of f` filiing the
bum the name of a wise, good and useful
At least the experiment
_of one term
I should be tried. The People 'are in its
kfavor. Ilarrisorvis elerted upon the Gue
term principle, and we go. fiir electing the
Governor iipint the same.. We do but fol
low public_opininn_in making this-avowal.-
In all, quarters of the Key-Stone ttatei the
Democracy go for rotation in office—sound
and able officers, honest,. faithful and fear
less rnlers—add oxr, TERM: • If the fruitful
tree 'of corruPtion;shall'snorthereby have ,
the axe laid to its root, it will at least, have
lopped off one of its_principal. branches. A
BENT . ON mit*tutomv.—The Washittp.
ton - correspondeit of the . New Orleans/Ad
vertiser gives the- following: ".0 lonel
Benton has arrived as far as Baltim e on .
_Nli. a y
_h ere „.i„ A., gentleman , who t evelled
ivil.h-him-teld -- ine - that the only/topic-of
conversation that. afforded the C lonel any
gratification, was a constant .ab se of Cal
h'olln, '. He said that to him (C. lhoun) was
attributed the ruin , of the party. • That he
never attached , himself to e/ny cause but
that he destOyed it: that he was an hien•
bus-- 7 e barnacle—a man of no invention
that he. never had - ' 'ited .nny thing;-
-not even a htfinbu,
W e learn ,from ladel phia
'eleetid , : : the'H.Clit. 'rhos. Clayton; and the
..H.:/13nyard, both -friends of
General . Harrison, to represent that State
I :in the Senate of the ,Union.
BANK OF TIIE UNITED STATES.---The
capitalists of England have come forward
without hesitation to assist the Bank of the .
United States with a• toan*of &500,000 or
$2,500,600, and ltreatie the BEIOL should
require it, with 02,500,000 mere.- There
cannot now be the least possible doubt,.
that The bank has 'made . file Most ample
provisions, against every, possible contin
gency to meet every, Claim that may be
preferred, against it, anti that
uon of specie payments:499ot and - will
not be interrupted..--Philad.. Standard.
) Death of the only iarvivor of Major
Dade's' Cotninand.—Ransom Clark, a
soldier who belonged to •the.command of
ifainr-Dade, and who alone escaped, co.:
lriZ woo*, to tell the bloody
itary, died recintlit at the residence of his,
.fathor, in , York, Livisiggtir catity:.
'From .the Tork.e274okan.
... • . ,
Gliinces ; sin4fThingi?:'
• - . . . , .
1: , 1 . ,_j,,.\_,;;,;. ; - .fiviurr,, November, 1840.
4 lletiiiiiiin4.POßN EinliAtior., - no noto
!'rioes in the, Mina's qf jfish: agitation;: is a
plain room, not. very well adapted for ac
' commodating phpulgcassemblies, and 'ea-.
!Table.; of :containing.4' or 500 people. • On'
the occasion liiiieliTattended the meeting,
l'of -theT" Repeal.. Association" within its
walls; it. was crowded to-excess with per
sender respectable appearance, apparently
of the- middle class of traders, mechanics
nriit,thereliantsi-williagenerous sprinkling •
of editers,. berristers,..and ".gentleiriem"---
The gallery was thronged,by ladies, whoi
in the words of one of the speakers, • "are
out-and-out Repeaters to a 'inan.' l . The
-wild enthusiasm of the assembly, reminded
me of those exciting political convocations
which, - on - the eve of a - hotly contested
election; shake -New 'York' .front thellat
teryto.Union Square.. On the' walls were
two placards; displayingli large 'characters
the' following Mottos : : '"Property . has not- .
only its rights,' but its duties ; ".' No peo
ple ,strong enough to be a nation, should
consent:tn.-be a province"-Octrities . not
very unpopular-in , the United. States. Al
ter'some - time, was spent in receiving the
names and contributions of new Members,"
the : speaking dothmenced.* Mr. O'Connell
was:the chief orator. His burly frame was
'covered with a huge frock coat trimmed
with a full set of "repeal buttons," and he
'sported a small blue cap encireled.with a
_bread band ;of gold lace, which lie kept'on
bisbead except when speaking. It was •
interesting to witness- the display of his
_powers - on this his chosen
ground. The assembly swayed to and fro
before lisiesistless eloquence, as the feath
er is. tossed _in _the air. by the„ wind. - His
speech was an argdrnent• for the repeal "of
the Union ()airmen Ireland and-Great Brit-,
nin, and _occupietLaribour_andia_lalf_inAhe
delivery., it was such. an eXhibition . of
' . .genius and oratory' os such an occasion
might .P a til rally_ call: forth_ from such a .man
L 4--aii-lrisliman,'detailing tn. Irishinee, the
Wrongs of Ireland.. ' ' . :• ,
When lie had. concluded, his son-John,-
the Member Of Parliament for Athlone, ad
. dreA'sed the Association. He is an.O'Con
-nell, but _not - the Orcennell;_eitd. is a Very
modest, retiring young. : geettemali,
hut for the unfavorable circumstance that
11 - - e - is the son -- of - hirfather, would probably .
-neverhave-seen;--orytlesired to see i -the z in--
Side of St.. Stephen's.;
_ . -Let ine not be un-.
derstood. as affirming that he :is not a man
Of clever talents' and great -amiability .of
character: forbe is - all_ _th is;' .bu t,. the - giant •
strength of his sire las - , elevated him to a
station, which; unaided, he Would` very
possibly have never, 'obtained ta; 'though it
'would be. well for . the_ subjects of her- Ma
jesty it there-were mere John O'Connell*
in - the :House of Comm:Ms. As a public
spealte4 ho. is above - mediocrity, takes a
elear`eoinmon sense-yiew of- his subject,/
and. labors. under the hire ambarram
of, having more ideas than Words to expreis
them.. He is a great favorite with hi fa-,
ther—though it would be difficult to race
any personal resemblance bet ween th large..
frame, and open,- jolly, Sailor-lik . face of
theone, and the' dapper- form,- a / iid meek,.
ljuveline,blushing countenance of theother. -
7 - Probably - the - Repeal - Tr-the Union-be--
tween Ireland and England a subject as
little understdod as' it is 'ca ed about, by_
hundreds of . thousands of/intelligent peo
ple of the United. States./ A. topic,. how
ever, whic h deeply agitates' a nation with
_whom. weare closelya sociate-cannot be:
wholly uninteresting us, --liiiiliittniay
say of it, it will be n iderstomithat I speak
not as a partizan,
.but merely as an ob
server. '• . . . ..._
The-repeal .a ed for, : is . not .a separation_
frown die Britis crown, but supply the re
peal of the ac that abolished the Irish Par
liament, and placed Ireland under - the di
rect controLof the British -Legislature.- - In
other word's, to restore Ireland to the posi
tion she iccupied - before the Union. .The
idea of otal separation is not entertained
to_anY important_exteet,_No man Makes
stronger, and, as is believed, sincerer, pro
Maidens of loyalty to the British throne,
than Mr. O'Connell.: Certainly, in no as
semblies in her 111(ajesty's• dominions is a
`C'omplimentary - elluelonuto- "ou r .Gracio u -s
'Queen" received with livelier -approbation
.than in the theeting . s of the Irish Repeaters. ,
That Mr. O'Congell.is in earnest in iiiiliine itirriplitifeiffiry address -presentee .... int,
for repeal,' tinder' existing circumstances,_ by the ladies of that town. lt, was extern
!: will not question. That lie lielieVes it. pore (as the event that, called it forth: was
will ever be granted,'l must doubt. Why, not anticipated:by him) ; and we have only
then, does he agitate 'the subject I- - That a newspaper report o f it, Those who have
theAsircumalanceq:tohich callfor the mea- listened to the man, th4 ; prodounced. it. can
zure-nia.4 be-altered, -, : -The- - events -of -the- -i magine-w ith-- wh at inimitable graceit-it--
last half century. have' taught severe but. ed from , his lips ,. andwjtkv_igitirreaistible!
useful leasons to leading - men - on both sides •• pathos' it fell upon the hearts ofhis hearers.
of St. George's Channel. The 'forceful I- Mr. O'Connell :aaitl÷D uring the length
rebellion of 1798, which. tracked blood iened-period of my-existenee,-I lave been
from Cork to the ' Giant's. 'Causeway, lin many relations withAbehigler.and no
brought English chains to Ireland. - -The' bier sex. I.am a itintrailier, : and know..',
peaceable "Agitation"_ at the Diiblin.C 6 re what it is to.livie, atuthe. sweet it is to ,
Exchange in 1898,, wrung Catholic Eman- i hear the chirping of a ki• tl-daughter to an''.
cipation from the reluctant hand of a Tory ' old man's ear. One - lir 'Oiiiie l :the• eldest, !
Ministry, headed by Wellington.- . Moral ! is. a bright-eyed girl, jug entering into all
power subdued the . conqueror of Waterloo. ! the happiness whichlife:aari give to ayoung
."AorraTiart!" The very word is a terror ',heart bearing' its _diet affections, and a
to the evildoers in Downing streeL "Air- :kindlier glow never warned my heart than
TATION!"' Wielded by ; O'Connell, it - is .an: when she clasps the ..ti. k of her grandfte:
instrument' of ' prodigious poWer to wrest „tiler. .i.did,enjoy the a ctions of a sister,'
from England those reforms and arneliora- iwho loved me morn. 11l . • I deserved,- and
tions which--are the - right of: Ireland—and' when I could not love r half so much as
the" granting of. which . will. takb from the Ido now.' - I siept'oir the gritie.Of my
Liberator the; . grounds whereon are based - ! sainted inother;:erhOTS ly instructed and .
his arguMents for the repeal. ...-.- •. ' llrought up my. infant ind to the possibi;-
'Omer the strongest of theseis, that the lily of failure,- but th impossibility that
lriSh people have not an equal Proportion- : the lessons I ~ r eceived could tarnish ,the
ate, share n the representation or theitonse ..morals'or virtue ;of
„her eon; • and . I do sin=
of-Commons with'ilie,, people of Emtland;'cerely believe that, :wh .at.her i eicpir:-
or Scotland,- or . Wales, and-drat thitis . One .ing breath 'her, sainted' ''ul Owned forth a'
case_, of., rho .44i.p . *Etivelegislatiot kl iod eL bleseing, on, my -head, , hatever• success I
wltichlrelantfeuffers:' -rorinstatice,-Erig- have had throughlife e owing to thei.ef
laml, wilh.opopplatienr:Of. thirteen, mil-. fleecy of , her last idea
.. g : though.' inelart
liime, has., 505 : : :representatives. ' . .lreland, :'eholy.iesliori.:' f. have . ad the: pledgee*:.er
with tiToptdation of eight millions;hai but a wedded love iii 'thole daughters - -whet*
'los.!::llliiiew.,gnitiiiid, wiol,a , - populatiiiiit!Teiltios with the erredi instinct or :luster,
not. approaching, to, twice that of- Ireland, nal affection,l have de ..ed the.fairest;nt
has.abent tie. times the_ namberrorrepre.d ;hey certainly are, ernoig the.' gentleat of
sentativei.. The people ; of. ~Scotland arc . the.aex. .. I have been a happrbusbnud—
,t*pAnilliona'and -a half, and-she - hati'sp re--!.did I - I 7:r havibien t:: Oh, no-,-...1 am her pre)ieniatti.ei.•" l'herefOre f Seotland,;.- With . '..luMben atillthe gm! ,is between, us—
a impnlition not.mneentlng to one-third. of t but the linOhat. Wadi . :r imuls . laTiMrOor,'
that of Ireliatti..lMe:pgro than. one-half the ,•tal,ltil my: 'hope Of* •nal haripineais, to
Miniber .Of Treprenentativei , posceiced ' 'by - which :I• fondlY'look,:iti. inked' with • hers,
Ireland`,' for the 53 .members, of
Scotland, ..ought: to chave . .:Mere ' than . 1 . 50,
wlitle.:in fact elie:fiee but 105.. - :';, - fritlis,
Avith.eight,• hundred thousand inhabitants,
'has 28 representatives. Thus; with a pop=
elaiion of only one-tOtth, that.of .lreland„ . .
she has a representation mere than 'one-.
feud' as large: In,other werdS, if Wales
entitled to '4B representatiVes, "Ireland
should have 280, instead_ of but 1055 _ _ , If
this subject be_ examined in the l lighttf - the
comprontise between nutribers'arid proper=
.the'Reform Bill 'made tliejTsis.
of representation_in_Partiadent. it will not,
as the advocates allege,inaterially' alter the
1 1 have sa id that the repeal- . agitation will
bring .melioration' to Ireland. , If the
thusiasin2whiels new, partratleslalarge'por
, tip!) of the island, does not resort to pity=
sical force to effect its
.Objelit 7 , Looe,9l: the
rocks on which Chartis m
split in pieces
b u t preserVes its •peateftil,:itS co n stitutional
character, who doubts-that -will'ultimate
-IV-reetify 'the iiie quality tary
iepresentation whielroppears tn.the aboVe •
statement? This -done, ••one of the most
potent weapons of..the llePealers is ',taken
from their-hands. • 'Till then, the agitation
at the Dublin CoraF f xchange,
More alarm 'ainong.-;the offiCialtior Down
ing street,•than will the ftilnaitiations from
the French Chamber of Deputies. The
priceless value and the irresistible power
of Free Diseussinn;.are appreciated by the
people of Great Britain. The blo'odless
page in their history which records the
victory they achieved over the nobles and
the crown by the passage of . .the Reform
Bill, is read and
.pondered by, and lea,..es
its indestructible impress upqn,monarch:
and subject. When Earl' Grey, ip the bat
speech Ite.made in support:Of that measure,
poral;,.that if they,..were-.daterminedito rep
sist -it to -the uttermost, they might set their
houses in order, for. their- days were nub
bered; tlia majesty of, the subject was as
serted, and ,the hereditary . rulers .of-Ettg—
land yielded-and-swore- allegianearto 'the
sublime principle, ." -The 'People jure' the
legitimate source_ef_ poWer.!!' Navir.
moral agitation more. brilliantly diiplay its
superiority to physical force in accomplish-.
ing a great and salutary revolution, than
Whatever- tray "be thOught of. the latter
, • -
clause, there is much truth in, the firat par
agraph of Mr. O'Connell's- introduction to
•his - apeechsat - :the - Exchange - yesteriley.--=! --
Said he, -."Ourpreeent position. is one that
_attitude of that commanding
nature, that iris impossible 'to prevent its
being known and aplireciated to its true
importalice_throughout. the Kingdom. It
is said., that the Repeal of the Union is im
possible. .• Sir, will you find a single in
stanee "in- the Itiatory ; of: civilized nations
wltere two millions of.human beings, with
I. inatied on their side, have resolved .on a
,great political reform, and were active, en.;
ergetic. - determined, but, - at tbe•same time,
_peaceably, orderly, and - constitutiOnally in
alined, who .did not -pecome irraniatiblei
-and succeed - . in their. object? . But,l will
not be satisfied with two millions only. I
expect to see shortly, four or five millions
of Repealer, in lreland. Repeal! the word
has gone abroad through the island,: it
flows from our mountains with the streams
- that - rush -- down — their - sidesT it:leaps up
from our vallies and boUnde over our plains;
it -echoes-through our .cities_ and resounds,'
along the banks of ouryivers; liberty ie on
the wild winds of heaven, and Providence
decrees that Ireland shall again be a nation.?'
excitement- that. pervades many
portions Oldie country on tliissubject, ,
rodigious. • • Throngs, numbering • from
50,000 to 150,000 persons, of both sexes,
'and of all'ages and.ranks, from grey bet.
gati_to_dashing__youpg lords, eome.,in
coaches and jaunting cars, on blood horses
and 'mean shabby donkeys, on. foot and on
cretchesoo hear O'Connell and "hurrah
for repeal." Wherever he goes; crowds
attendhim,.and his progress through the
country resembles . the triumphal proceision
Of - a princely conqueror. No matt living
Understands the philosophy 'of Agitation_
better than." Dan" oflerrynane."
Asttis eyiderit, from the length to which
I-have Spun out my remarks on this sub-'
jest, that this must be exclusively. a repeal'
letter,--I twill finitth - by: quoting -that poi=
don . of * Mr. O'Cennall's recent Repeal
Speech at Kilkenny when . replying to a.
ll;Carf,lh'erefOre 'aPPreelate What' they are
who have done 'me, the honor to•address
';nte; Jar never did Man love* respect the
of:ilie sex . more. than - t--=a purit y
which stripped them of vice," and made ce
lestial all the tender affections—which so
peculiarly belong to' them. Oh, they
Watched oyer our childhood--,soothed:qhe
cares of youth. and the sorrows of man
hood—chtered and. supported old. age, and
even smoothed, and supported the, dreary
path which leads-to the grave. The poet
has been mistaken when ho sung=
0, woman, in our hour; of ease,
Uncertain, coy, and ,hard to plcase.".
'That is a
.Caluniny upon - Their virtues ;-
hale does, them justice when he . adds- - -'
• "When pain and sorrow wring the' brow, •
A ministering angel thou." •
Sir, I do protest, in the language of chi
valry, Irswear by'the ladies of Kilkenny,
that Ireland shall be a nation.
- The "reporter adds:-.." Mr. O'Connell
delivered .this 'adilreSswitlt . a tone Of ex
during which . .the trait, assemblY seemed
spell-bound ; hut; When he concluded,-a
buyst,of acclamation followed, , which n was
More enthusiastic because,of
they bad beetrsuhjected to fronihe solenin
tone and manner,in which he replied."
The Executive Committee of the Cumberland
County Temperance Socleti have meetings appoint
ed, ascollows:—' ' - • ' •
Evening—Mckllister's School !louse. ,
" • 90, " Log Church in nickinson town
Feb.- Hognestown, ' .... .......'_
22.; " • .--Pine.:School.House; Diekinson'
• ,Townihip. _
N. B. A delegation from the committee will visit
the Society at Mechanicsburg, on February 7thi if
informed that it.meeting can be had on that day.
Jam '22;18.11... . - •
Thu Executive Committee of the Cumberland
County TemperancSociety have obtained a mann- -
script.copy of the address of the' late - State Term.
perance, Convention. assembled .at .Harrisburg,...to
the people of - this".CoTritonwealth,-- which--with
the • approbation - of the puldibhing, Committce—
hasten to lay before-youryeadert. We hope, it
-wi'l='be published-in- every- paper in n the Stste.,.;
It refers to matters of great public infeeeit.
M. CALDWEIXA Chairman.
OF THE STATETEMPERANCE CONVEN
TION TO THE PEOPLE OF PENNSYLVA-
FELLOSS!CITIZENB:—AssembIed from various parts
of our Commonwealth, for the purpose of delibera
ting on the best means of
.abating the evils of in
temperance, this Convention is unwillingto adjonin
until it has prepared a frank and earnest address to
you, asking your immediate antLectlve co-operation.
It is our wish, if possible, not to address ourselves
exclusively, or specially to the aVarnell and onTolleo
friends ,of temperance, but to each citizen in our
'State. We do this with the more eonfidence
cause we are convinced that there is not a single
family in the Commonwealth that has not been af
fecte_d_directly rernotely,-in person, reputatio&
or property by this common evil. It is not our in
• tention to press upon your' notice the magnitude of
the evil considered ., aggregately ; nor - the amount of
priiate misery and infamy which it produces. These
have been the burden of former appeals, and their
existence_has.beeri so clearly demonstrated that no
opeAnubtsany,longee: The' individual and public
Enna is 'satisfied of the great msgninide . aiiil
sal diffusion of the 'evil: The question now is;
Can any thing further be done to suppress or arrest
-it? .--And if so, adiat is it ? We haven strong hope'
that if it can-be clearly-shown-what further-is neces
sary, the community will be brought to general ac
, The unanimity of opinion as to what further mea
sures' are, requisite, is very remarkable, and very
encouraging. The friends of Temperance through
out the State arc satisfied -that the time has come to
invoke legislative actioti. This clear conclusion has
followed from patielitlitvestigidien; and warm - pro
tracted discussion, in Temperance meetings, in pub
lic prints, and in successive conventions. Two
principal difficulties were at first supposed to be in
the way. An impression, perhaps an opinion, was
abroad, that • the legislature 'had no power over the
question. This ground is now abandoried- even_ by
before the judicial tribunals of the country, the con
stitutionality of the prohibitory laws has been affirm-.
ed. - -It is nir,ii-wl-understood-that-the-lieense-laws
were established for the purpose of regulating what
was acknowledged to be a dangerous traffic. But
if thelegislature may_pass laws restiaining (hy_the.
- the intervention - of - the - courts) - the retail - of - inroxina
ting liquors to a few, say-ten-or-twenty in a Borough
or County, it may restrict to one, or prohibit alto
gether. We do not advise legislative action incon
sistent in principle , with what has existedlrom the
first. This is,now so we ll understocid, that opposi
has ceased from this direction.
But another difficulty was in the way; and is not
4ntiieliremoved yet. .T.here wait an apprehension
abroad, (in some instances real, but in most feigned,)
that 'befriends of Temperance desired the Legisla
'ture'to extend the prohibition- into the filially circle,
'and thus invade the. sanctity of-doniestio soeietY.--
Thtifriends of Temperance never desired such Le
gislative action. 'The habits and wishes of each
fsimily,within its own private circle are Ist be held
sacred, and 'not to be forcibly entered even under ,
cover of law. What bas been asked,and is again pray
ed for by , this Convention, will not interfere with the
Internal arrangementsni private habits of any . fiunify.
What, then, is the legislative measure upon which
thereis:such unanimity of opinion atittuig the friends
of, Temperance ? this, the ithmedistte passage
of a law It that shall put it in the power of a majority.
of qualified voters in a ward,. Bort:nigh or !Township,
to.say, in a ampler that shall not interfere with the
strifes of party polities, whether. there shall be any
person or persons licensed in such ward, Borough o f t,
_Township, to sell intoxicating 'drinks, -or not."—
"Such alegislative disposition oE the
. question tuost
obviously would '.be 'in strict accordaniie with the'
principles of our.Goverionent.', ) ' ,
6' - hi
The paaaage•of auoh,a law, wOuld-placie the issue
'fairly br..tore the people in ever y townihip and warn:
ItrprovlsionirWould keep Aldo 'fiumniipait. from all
other quelstioloe. so Unti: the. publlo .jedgment would
proriOnneed. If tiiiii s tean lie obtained we do
:net fesollbe !twill. If the friends of temperimeeire
found ln - the minority'on_this issue in any township
or ward l they will , submit quietly to the wilt of th
For the Herald & ErPosito)
`majority.- But it is firmly believed this *tntld'rare
ly be the case:. There are but few townships Wh*t:e
.the pitiplO would not pronottnce - agginst the evil, it
they were ealledupon to deckle this simple question .
.by ballOt. Thiti,then, is the grand measure to be
carried t and to this end the friends of the best and
holiest cause of humanity must be active and unwear
ied httheireieitionc, • . - •
. . .
• In the first place, if it be possible, let every-quali
fied voter in the commonwealth be called on imme
diately to sign a petition - 1d the ,Legislature, asking
die passage of such a law at their present session:
let alI females w,ho have attained to a suitable age,
send up their earnest petitions; and let there be no
cessation until our prayer is granted. In the lan
guage ofthe last Convention; "we want a law which
shall bring the issue fairly.and fully before- every
qualified voter in the Commonwealth-
.• We want.to
have-the opportunity of pressing hia conscience with
all the responsibility to his family, his country, and
his God, which will rest upon him in giving a note
that may determin&such an issue. 'And we fear not
the result.. ° Truth ie mighty and Will prevail.'.',,
In pursuance of this great measure, and 'for the
preservation of thelaw;svlien once obtained,we wish
the primary mectings of the several political partiei
and use their influence to have teinperanie men pfit
in nomination forthe Legislatere. We do not advise
or desire to make a:political temperance party; but
siniply urge you to use your -influence with thepo
litical liarty -with which yOu severally act, to have
temperance men ,put in nomination for the Legisla
ture. The Convention deem this an important mea-
Another; and in the present state of the temperance
reformation, very important measure is, to obtain
access to the columns of,the various'political , papers
for the purpose of placing valuable and correct in
formation before the people. These are the only
channels through . which the whole people can be
reached, If the different political papers. in 'your
respective counties will not establish a Temperance
Department of_a column or two a week for their love
' of the cause; and the interest it would impart to their
papers; then let the friends of Temperance purclaise
the privilege and use it discreetly and diligently and
it will be 6n effectual weapon. By-this means light
will be poured into the dark places where it is most
needed, and. entire public mind will
notion. This Convention is gratified to - learn that.
there arc various. political papers in the CommOn-'
biliive a l emperance Department sit
service of judicious committees, and ask no 'other
reward than the conscious pleasure of doing good.
„Vie.only.rerriaining topiewhichthe Conventien wish
to press' upon your attention is, the 'petition to the
Legislature to pass a law "requiring all those who,
1 1 intend' petitioning to the courts for lieenses to retail
intoxicating . drinks, to-give notice of said•intentioii.
in at least one paper published in the county where
the- applicant may reside, for six weeks 'previous to
Isuch application, accompanied with the names of
Ilicise who recommend mid - applicant'', The Con
ventioe consider a law embodying the' above provi
sions, cd. vast importance to the community and the
cause of temperance How often are We - Startled
upoli the adjournment of court to find oueneighbyir
hood infested with many grog shops of,which no one
dreamed 'till the Mischief - IVIn done. The? was no
opportunity 'for the community to examine the ap
plications for license, nor the diaractereand circum
stances ol the recommendations. A doz' l en men may
wish licenses to sell, and they may recommend each
other, or other interested parties, as the manufac
turers or owners of the propel-1Y may recommend .
them. We know how easy it is to procure signa
tures when the'parties are not to be known, as is the
practice under the present law. The parties are
very rarely questioned—and there _ can- be no doubt
but - if their t nanaes were required to be publishea and
thus an opportunity weregiven to subject their state
ment to the test of "an examination, or thernielves to
an oath, there would be much more care and oircum
speciion in recommending individuals 'to retail 'in-
Thus fellow citizens have we suggested to you
what ought to be done, and done quickly. We have
not end eavor '
ed'to stir your blood by p - ortraying - the
enormity of the evil. This you have long since seen
and felt. But we have desired to produce immediate
action-for the-purpose fif abating and suppressing the
evil. - Hall -the friends of the - causerwill quickly ex
ert thernselveein procuring and forwarding petitions
to the Legislature as this Convention has earnestly
recommended f ouir -prayer will - be granted this win'
ter, and then the contest will be in every township
and ward between temperance and intemperance,
bet Ween vice and virtue, poverty and prosperity, and ,
none can doubt the issue,. There are_elements_ in.
the community which will airogethemselves on the
side Of temperance and virtue, of whiCh we now lit
tie dream. The victory will be triumphant and glo
rious;'and the fruits of it will be wide spread, con
ttaitnientiprosperity and peace... Signed.
ThOughts after E lection for Young
The heats of electirn time are over, and we think
it might be well for us to look about us foe some
thing with which -to oecupy the minds - of-our-restles
popilationi -- Durftig - the long Wifiter evenings our '
working men need something to take the place of the
calculations, the argtoste!lts, the wagers, and the wor
dy war, about Van Buren and Harrison. We have
had-our pageants; our beacon fires, our salutes, and
our treats; it is time_ to sit down to the quiet enjoy
ments of the season. ,
• And a blessed season it ie after all. Spring, sum,
mer and autumn have eachiheisAppropriate delights,
find these are mostly enjoyed under the blue heavens,
and in the balmy air; but water, cheerful winter, is
the time for in-door comforts, the quest of knowledge
aqd the flow of affection. They , may talk of May,
but who does not know that the: i irtudOil attachuient
ofyoung hearts put forth their olaiiingiendrilla most
lustily between Thanksgiving day . and. the return.of
the blue-bird ? Now, when ruddy fires begin to
throw their dancing flames over the snug 'Haag room,
when the piping of die wind tells hOw:olose the
ousels; wheaJack frost drives the rosrchildren to
wanton about the father's knee, or roll half Weep
upori the rog: now is the time .wheit the working
man, who bas that beet of earthly `gifts, a, wife, and
abundance of little olive branches about his table,
learns fully what Is meant by the happy syllable,
The rivals ofourleme are many and fearful. A-
on the direst ie the drinking plimei whether knOwn
as porter house, grog.ehop i or tavern, The mom who
'Mends Ms iteningiii! these styglaSi 'gro
soli and wallowsMisy half hie ,oivilisaticin: Whore
ought hi tole; bet by his own ,warmfire.side; re.
warilinglis'ilfe for the solitiuy labors and , vexations
efthe 'day, and ireemvint on his own 'tart, those obeap
but inViluable pleasure.: which are as much above
the delirlim and ribaldry , of the bar.roinn, as the
light of diy is above ihe,glillimer of a dipped candle ?
I am no enemy to tavern keepers... They are a use
ful doss of men. ofilees'O, kindisess .i e . th e
stranger and thrtrarelikiidukitrils r iot
but 'they likewise: to be freed from the hor
Magnifies wiarch proceed from' their phials of .
..rnadnesti and death. The worst effects of ill conduct
ed taverns are felt, not by the way-faring mea,fmt •
whose behoof the inn is instiuted, but by the, throng
of villagers and neighbors f ,who have,, or. 'Ought to
have, homes of their own,—wha:nee.d no tavern, and
who resort thither trim idlenesi, from love of excite:
ment, or from beastly appetite.
GO into any town, and abide-forte-few-days-at dne
of these marts of alcoholic temptation. Mark the,
[ men who from day' to day enter the ever oper(doom
'Some are therefor hours, some at frequent intervals: '
some are maudlin by the grate or stove, others are
hanging about the porch.. You have before yew' tbe
representatives of the indolence, the,lognacity, 'the
thOritr, the mischief-making, and the insolvency 0f., 4
the place.. Is there one of them who drives a hand-
some business? Is there:one of them who wears his •
own earning's:on hie back? ' Not one. Is there oiA
of them who is reputed for, philanthrOpy, public spit
it, or successful talent, in any department ?' Notona
Itithere one of diem who enjoys the alertness, .the' .
clear spirits, and'the rosy hue of health? Not one.
That increasing plethora anti sluggish growth.ivnoe,
..-theAigp of str_enth, The cheek is 'Salk and„ the 1
band soft. That redness of the eye 'and nose is not" 7
the color of genuine health.' That simper and that .
laugh.sire not the gaiety which irradiated the face be- .
fore the tavern became a shrine. • _ •
No.! : if that bar-roOm "could be adjured' to testify..
if those books, redolent'of brandy
. and spotted
the:rnarks of many a tumbler, could be put to the . .
miestion; if, after.- every name, you could read the •
history of the drunkards wito - futve:drOpped - off - One -- 7
by one, how 'would the hideous revelation scare the
very sot from his sWinish indulgence ? The spell,
however, is not broken, because the true teethe is ev
cr nigh. . The first fiiiilair - Conscience hi quieted.by,
brandy and water.- Hence it is, that-the tavern hen
ter is so often hopeless. He drinks till he feels -
self half.ruined OM is wretched; he drinks to drown ,
his vetchedness; he does drown it. Oh hapless
youth ; befo're such be your fate, break away,by a. •
sudden and agonizing effort, or you Swell. the list of -
victims.- . . • •
The brandy_house and ,home are antagoniet liow-
ers—deadlyfoes, irreconcilable rivals.- If icat-wish -
to embitter n man's home, and' break liis young
wife's heart, introduce him to the bar-room. Grant .
all you please 'of attraction - at - home; the - drinking
place will have more. . Has he a virtuous - , Sensible, '
notable, comely, loving wife, and endearing bibles?
No matter. 'His leisure hours are not for them,.but -
for- the 'loungers' at the bar and porch. He Will
feign business, or anxiety for news, or the expects
tiort-ot-n-customeri or-any:one' oEn- I thonsatid:pre..7---. - :
texts, to take himandlteep him there. There he .
is at noon and atnight, and on_ the Sabbath. Until _
habit has steeled him,'he sneaks thither. Grown
bditleic hebe - CO - Mei a ,fixture of the estCblislir ent., •
Eveky, drinking,place .has its retiatttrof attendants,
known to every passer.by.. Tl 'tavern sign ii ,not
more familiar, than the tavern suitors.. Homeless____
creatures! Each of . whorri in some bright or burn- '
ble sphere might have been enjoying- such . innocent- - •
delight around the domestic altar, as - could make •
this worldWpe of Paradise !
To young men, beginning-life—especially to new
ly married met!, the counsel is seasonable. ItErri- • •
ENCE THE FIRESIDE. Admit no rivalliere: — Let
your chief joys be - shared - by her who has fortiaken _
all . other hearts and hopes for you—by those who .
must inherit honor br. Jimmie from your course of
life. Shun the bar-room and purlieus of intoxication.
It is to thousands the to infamy. Help toxid • -
thole industrious men who preside over publiehous.
es, and succumb to the sad necessity of leading sober
men into drunkenness, and drunkards into despair—
help to rid them of this unpleasant part of their kr
fiats= - I'herprotest - theirgrierfor- tlfe - se-!res'ults.4 - -
You cannot but believe them: • Help them to wash
their hands of the horrible stain.--Jtreagark Daily
• _,. • 7 LIET. '-
For he occupancy of a small fami
.:..i I s ly only,the neat, convenient and corn
,f, modious DWELLING HOUSE, ad
joining the - on - elii - Whicli the
er now resides, to whom application
is to be made.
Carlisle, Jan. 13, 1841
Strayed awav,fi•om the. premises of the Subscrib
er, in South -Middleton. tounship, about the 14th of
November last, a light ,
• • •
• - Red Cow,
of middle size. Any ppeerson• returning said Cow,
_wilLbeliberalli_rgwarded by •
January 13, 1841
Bl.aok Walnut Plank:
THE Subscriber wishes to purchase •
tity that may be off e ro r whichTorty, --
cash per thousaad feet plank measure will be given.
-Said-.P/ank-to-be - of - good - qualityt - twn - inchearitnd
one-eighth in thickness and fourteen feet tour inches • .
in length. To be delivered at the Canal in Harris
burg, or at anypoint on the Cumberland Valley. Rail
Roadond_immediate_ information forwarded to the
;Err Any other information relative to said business
can be had on application to Robert Ws:Orman.
Carlisle; or by addressing the subscriber (post paid)
- resiainginPhilad'el~ihia -- - --
• - DATID - FREED, JR. •
December 30, 18400.-0.m0.° •
At a stated Orphans' Court - be-'
gen and held on ,Tuesday the 15th day
,of Oexiember. •
1840, at Carlisle in and for Cumberland county be
fore the Hon. Samuel Hepburn President, and , John '
Stuart and John. Lefevre Associate , Judges f the' _
same court, assigned to. the following proceedings-
were had'to wit:
In the case of the writ of partition on the. Keli, 1 'ea-' •
tate ofJacob Rife, dec'd ,now,•10 wits 15t 1 i Wam - •
bet., 1840, the Sheriff havingprettirned the iiptuisition'
the court confirmed the same,A.nd grant alit:leen all
the heirs to appear 'at the mUct Orphans' Court, and ac- ,
cept or refuse to accept said estate at' the yalnation. • .
Personal notice to be served on all thW heirs residing'
in thee:panty, and by publication three times in t•
newspapers in Carlisle. for those who reside out f
the county. r • By' the Court.' •• •$
Cumberland County, as.
I,Willisroulk,Clerk,of the Orphan's
• . Court in and for said county, do hereby .
• • certify the foregoing a true copy of re-.
; Witness ray band and seal of said court .
at Carlisle, the 28th thy of Dee,..1840.
_ . C . A..'
PAUL MARTIN, Siertir.
CEgTIFICATES'OF AGENCY ..
ros THI Lux oP
. • .
Are held by the following *gents in their respec-,
tive counties. As ',numerous counterfeits "of these'
pills are attempted to be 0 - lamed 'upon thecommuid,
-ty; the.propAety of puichasingonly (rota the' recog
nized agents; will be apparent, - - • .
Cumberland County--Gempi W. Hitner, Carlisle;
A..Riegel,. Mechanicsburg; Gilmore* - McKinney,
Newville; .8. Culbertson, Shippensburg;. Boke &
Brefineinan, New - Cumberlaud Isaac Barton , Lis.'
burns . M. G, Rupp, Shiremanstown; L. Hiegel is Co.
Churchtown. - , • .
I ts!erry • Couidy--Aletander Magee; Bloonifield
11:lic Coyle,Landialirt. , r ,
,Angu5t.26,184,0 - •
J. V. E. THORN.