Butler citizen. (Butler, Pa.) 1877-1922, October 18, 1894, Image 2

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tjtertxl .1 r«w-~ .V»Vtl«" »d fi— -«»«
fflLMll C..H«li«- PmklUfc'r
Governor— Daitibl H.
L eutenmt Governor— Walter Lros.
Acdito* Gbkkbal— Amos M\li v
Secretary of Internal Affairs— Jam " •
Congressmen- i Gau wa A. Glow.
at-Large. ) Giorob F. Hcff.
Congress— Thomas W. Pmt.Lirs.
".. S David B. Docthktt,
Assembly { JAJ , KB N. Moobh.
Jnry Commissioner— Hrkbt W. Sicho
AS. _ |
Political Notes.
In New York City it i» now a square
fight between the Tammany ticket and a
Union ticket supported by the Committee
of Seventy, the Republicans, the State
Democracy, and other local clubs.
Hastings had a large and enthusiast ic
audience at Carnegie Hall. Allegheny, last
Friday night, and he made an elaborate
and stirring speech. He spoke at Beaver
Falls, Elwood, and New Castle on Satur
day; spent Sunday in Pittsburg, spoke at
Greenville. Monday night, wheie ne re
ceived a most enthusiastic welcome; was
at Franklin, Oil City and Titnsville, Tues
day. and ileadville Wednesday.
McKinley has been speaking in Michi
gan and Ohio during the past few days.
General Hastings' tour ot the State is
one continuous ovation and at every meet
ing he is given a most enthusiastic recep
tion It looks now as though his majority
will be larger than that given Grow last
February. Indeed the Democrats might as
well make a motion to make his election
Rkpubmcass shoald not forget that the
coming election is one of great importance
to our industries. Let every republican
turn out and vote the straight ticket on
Nov. 6th.
At Wasui*otos C. H. Ohio, on Wed
nesday a tuob attacked a jail and three
men were killed by the militia. A negro
had committed an assault on an old lady
and was fully identified. The mob was
composed of a large number of determined
men. The militia was ordered out and
found it necessary to fire with the result
above noted. The greatest excitement
China Sue* for Peace.
A dispatch from Shanghai, dated Oct.
12th. said: —
China is suing for peace through the
British Minister at Tokio. She offers to
recognize the independei.ee of Corea and
to pay a large sum indemnity.
This proposal emanates from Prince
Kung und Li Hung Chang.
The British Minister, Mr. O'Connor, is
waiting for Japan's reply at Pekin.
TIIKRK is no ohange in the Ballot Law,
a cross in the circle at the head or the first
column is a vote for the whole Republi
can Ticket. -
J room® from the tenor of the local
which appeared in tbe IftraUl of last week,
those "two young men of Republican per
suasion" must be political ringsters, while
from the standpoint of any unbiased person
these two young men are not, and neither
have they been, guilty of manipulating as
the Herald would try to make it appear.
Had our Democratic friend made even a
shadow of an effort to ascertain whether
or not there was any truth in the accusa
tion, as appears in hia paper, he would
never have put in print such insulting
language, all of which is basely false.
Brother Editor, don't be so willing or
eager to get after your Republican friends
unless after a full inquiry tbe circumstances
justly and beyond question warrant such a
course on your part.
Reviving an old Scandal.
Edward Shaffer and Thomas Downing,
two residents of Beaver county, have each
begun a suit against William Wallace, Re
publican candidate for president judge of
Lawrence county to recover $449.75. The
plaintiffs claim that in 1890, they were
delnga'es from Beaver county to a con
gressional convention T'hich was held at
New Castle. They stated that William
Wallace, who was a warm supporter of
Maj Alexander McDowell of Sharon for
congress, offered them and others $1,200
for voting for McDowell. That fall Wm.
Wallace was indicted by the grand jury on
the charge of offering bribes to the dele
gates. Shaffer and Downing allege that
lie came to them and told them that if they
would refuse to testify against liim (Wal
lace), he would pay all their fines, costs
and other expenses This, they allege, he
has failed to do and they each demand
In speaking of the case, Mr. Wallace
said to a reporter: "This is merely a sharp
dodge of tbe enemy and I am only sorry
that I cannot push the case before tho
CONSULT with you' neighbor and ar
range to have every Republican vote cast
on Nov. 6th.
NBAR Sacramento, Cal , last Thursday
night, highwaymen flagged and robbed an
express train of $51,000 iu gild; a:id uear
Qaantico, Va., Friday evening, ».n express
car was robbed of SIBO,OOO.
A Horrible Condition ol Affairs at Day
ton Home.
"Within the past few years public atten
tion has been called to the mortality
among tbe old Union soldiers, inmates of
tho National Soldiers' Home at Dayton,
just after penaion day, or when they are
flush with money. It has been openly
charged that the old soldiers were mur
dered in the dives that have been estab
lished near the Home, but while tbe vic
tims have been found dead, bearing every
evidence of baviug been foully dealt
with, nothing has been done to bunt
down the murderers and punish thuui to
the full extent of the law. It seems that
the officials of the Home w. ra luke warm
in endeavoring to bring tbe murderers to
justice, evidently on the grouud that it
was none of their business, and what was
nono of their business was nobody's busi
ness. And so the dive-keepers and own
ers ol brothels surrounding the Home kept
up their murdering and robbing until the
world outside of Dayton and vicinity be
gan to wonder at the strange stories they
It remained for the Pittsburg t'ommer
rial-Oa:ctii to run down these tales of
murder and lay bare tbe awful condition
of affairs For that purpose the Commer
cial-Gazette sent to Dayton a member of
its staff, who made a thorough inve»tiga
tfou and whose stories of murder and de
bauchery are simply horrible. He tolls of
thelnringof crippled veterans into dens
of vice and their murder or terrible abuse
from the fi-uds who robbed them. H* re
lates instances of cruelty that seem almost
incredible on the part of human beings,
tbe victims in every instance being old
soldiers One might suppose thai, tbe offi
cials of the Home would be moved by the
commonest im-tincts of humanity to ferret
out tiiO perpetrators of these murders,
but they sit with folded hauds while the
word of robbery and death goes on.
The Governer of the Home. Col. J. B.
Thomas, is, according to the correspond
ent free to admit that man; old soldiers
leave tbe world in mysterious ways, but
does not like to have it said that there are
so many murders in the vicinity of the
Home. As for robberies and assaults, he
is fr-u to that they are of common oc
Thk meeting of the I,eag'i»-, Mondiv
evening vra* »•• 11 attended, and addresses
were made by Hon. D. B. Douthett and
Natfrau Slater.
A Monopoly in Wool.
An Ohio wool producer who
through Pittsburg a few days ago talked
as follows: . . ,
"We hare been in the sheep raising busi
ness in Highland, Adams, and Warren
counties, 0., sinoe 1888," he said, ' having
several thousand acres of leased land and
at present 8,000 sheep of the finer wool
producing breeds Two years ago we val
ued our sheep at an average of $5.50 each.
We s ild wool for from 26 to 32 cents per
pound, and had a good profit. The fann
ers all around us. on a large or small scale,
made a good profit on their production
also. ,
"It's different now We can buy sheep
of the common breeds lor.sl to $1.25 each
in any number. Fine Southdowns are
worth less than $2, and any number of
them are to be bad. We sold our WHO
this year for 14 cents, in anticipation ot
the McKinley bill being annulled, and lost
$0 000 in cold cash. Oar loss, however,
was nothing to that ot hundreds of farmers
all through Ohio, who had nothing out
their wool yield to live OD. Th.-y had act
ually expended in producing their woo!
crop more than in brought them, and alter
selling the crop were in debt on it.
"While 14 cents seems a very low figure
it is not as low as we musi get. Under
the present law Australian wool is brought
into this country and sold at 11 and 1-
cents a pound. In order to meet that
price we must adopt Australian methods
That is what we propose to do It is
simply a cold business proposition with
° B "We have figured it down fine and tav.i
ascertained that with a sufficiently
investment we can make 4 per cent per
annum even under the present law Ot
course, it means monopoly and the closest
kind of expenditure in wages and supplies
but that is the way it is done in Lugland
and Australia and we must follow the same
pl» n - ..
"The plan is simply this: We propose
to gei $50,000 or $60,000 ol Eastern capital
invested. With our present lands, lenses
and stock, this will make a big investment.
We will then buv 30,000 to 50,000 more
sheep, of the better breeds, and acquire **
much more land as necessary. We will
pay bed rock prices, spot cash, tor sheep
and land. In the present financial condi
tion of the farmers, this will be even lower
than the figures I havo givea. We expect
to lease all the land we want for from .V) to
40 cents an acre.
'•Next comes the question of labor, it
requires a large force of men to cairy on
the business on the scale we have been
conducting it; but on the scale we propose
to go it will be proportionately larger.
We had been paying oar hands the same
price that all the farmers were paying up
until 18 months ago, when the drop in
prices, caused by anticipated tariff reduc
tions. came along. The rate was from $-0
to $22 per month and board.
"We out the rata to $lO per month and
board. e can get more men than we
want at even that figure, and it will pro
bably be necessary to reduce it even more
to produce a profit. Not only that, but
we have been compelled to reduce our
working force and increase the working
hours of men to keep level with current
expenses. .
"Now, that is the way wool is produced
in the foreign wool producing countries.
The ordinary farmer cannot do it and make
a living. It is only where large capital is
invested, the business conducted on a
grand scale, the lowest wages paid, strict
est economy practiced and all supplies pur
ohased in large qnanities at bed rock prices
that even a small profit can be made
Four per cent is nowadays a fair interest
on a large investment and we have figured
that we can make that by following the
plan of our foreign competitors.
In Honor of Robert Morris.
Robert Morris, the financier of the Revo
lution, wait honored at Batavia, N. Y.
last Saturday by the dedication as a me
morial to him of the old Land Office of th«
Holland Purchase, buili about the year
1804 and bought in 1894 by the Holland
Purchase Historical Society, that it might
be preserved uuU future generations.
Very appropriately the chief dedicatory
address was made by Johu G. Carlisle,
Secretary of the Treasury, and lineal de
scendants of the great Superintendent of
Finance were present amonge the multi
tude of listeners. All of President Cieve
land's Cabinet were present except itie
Attorney General and the Secretary of
Secretary Carlisle spoke at length of the
valuable services ol the financier ol the
Revolution and called attention to the neg
lect hitheito to erect a monument to his
memory. He then proceeded to sketch
in detail the incident of Morris' career,
beginning with his birtti iu England in
17<M, his arrival in Philadelphia, hif early
career as a merchant and bis entrance into
the politics of the revolution.
Then followed arebersal of the financial
struggles of the Revolutionary period down
to the complications, distresses and hard
ships that befell the country under the
"Continental money" which had been put
in circulation?
Morris at once directed bis attention to
the establishment of a national bauk as an
auxiliary or aid to the Government in the
conduct of its financial affairs, and alter
much opposition be succeeded iu securing
a charter for the bank of North America,
with a capital of $400,000, to be located at
Philadelphia. It was the first bank in
America that redeemed its notes iu specie
on presentation, and it undoubtedly auord
ed great assistance to the Government by
granting loans from time to tune and by
effecting exchanges on the pnblic account
for a little while tbe uot.es of the bank
were at a discount, but they >;oou rose to
par, and never after ware depreciated.
Mr. Carlisle then explained at length the
plan of wbicb Morris submitted to Cou
grees for a uniform coinage, but which was
largely prepared by Gouvernour Morris,
acd described other operations wbicti he
introduced into the financial system of tbe
Confederation, concluding with the retire
ment from tbe office of Superintendent of
Finance in 1748
In 1786, at the solicitalion of bis fellow
citizens, he became a member of the Penn
sylvania Legislature, and in 1787 hu was
elected a delegate to the great convention
which framed the present Constitution ol
the United States. When that iustru
luent had been ratified by the States be
and William Maclay were chosen the first
Senatois from Pennsylvania.
Mortis died on the eighth day of May,
1800, in the seventy-third year of his age,
and was buried iu a little church yard on
Second street, in Philadelphia, where his
remains now rest, with no monnmt-lit over
them except an ordinary stone slab
As Robert Morris in bis day owned
innch of tte land now composing Butler
county, including the gMuud upon which
our town now stands, *e are pleased to
see the above tribute to bis memory. Hut
how few there are now among us that ap
preciate his memory or services to his
country, is it not surprising that his re
mains lay in Philadelphia, the city ol bis
residence and labors, in a little church
yard with no monument over them, except
an ordinary stone slab. It seems to us a
tuan who rendered so great service to his
couutry in the days of the Revolution is
entitled to a greater moiiuuient than that.
As Washington was said to be tbe "sword"
so was Robert Morris termed the "purse"
of tbe Revolution, from the leuble States
that he then pledged all bis private for
tune to save, wo have now a mighty He
public of States bounded by the seas.
Monuments should be more numerous to
tell to tbe present generation, and all fu
ture ones, the story of the great services,
the unselfish patriotism, as >vell as the
melancholy close of the life ol Robert
The Commission's Convention.
Commissioner MoCollougb, Clerk Meals
and Attorney Painter returned from their
trip to Pottsville, where they attended tae
Commissioner's Convention, Saturday
This was the Bth annual convention ol
the County Commissioners of the State,
and nearly all the coun'.ies were represent
Tbo convention organic -d Tuesday morn
ing. listened to the address of welcome
and tbe responses, and appointed a com
mittee on resolutions.
That afternoon one of tbe delegates from
Allegheny county told of the trouble they
han in making assessments iu that county.
They assess professional men, clerks and
laborers at different figures, and in so do
ing do not (it was said) follow the law.
Another delegate spoke on "Tri eunial As
sessments," and read extracts troin a pro
posed law.
That evening the delegates were bau
quetted at a hall, and afterwards listened
to some music and recitations.
Wednesday morning a string of resolu
tions were adopted, some of which con
tained recommendations on legislation
That afternoon Meadrille was selected
as the place for the next meeting, somo
more resolutions were pas.-ed and the con
vention adjourned.
The biggest man in the contention was
a Berks couDty Commissioner. He weighs
301 pounds.
Pottsville is a town of about 15,000 peo
ple. It has 72 saloons, and there are 122
pervoni in its jail.
What the Leading BritUh l*a;«r Had to
S*y About the Free Trade Professor.
A cordial welcome was extended on
Thursday evening by the meml>ers of the
London chamlier of commerce to Mr W.
L. Wilson, the author of the original
measure for the revision of the 1 nlted
States tariff, which was unhappily trans
formed by the senate into a bill only a de
gree less protectionist than that bearing
the name of Mr. McKinley. Mr. Wilson
deserves all honor for making a stout,
though a not very successful fight on be
half of a system which would have been
at least an approach to the recognition of
the principle that freedom of trade is more
favorable to the development of a great
commercial and industrial community
than protection. It is not Mr. Wilson's
fault that the measure which has actually
become law is, to use the language of
President Cleveland's lettejvnfter its pjuss
age through the senate, 'nft in line with
honest tariff reform." There is much that
is instructive as well as interesting in Mr.
Wilson's speech at the dinner given to him
by the chamber of commerce, all the more
because a good deal of it appears to have
been intended for American readers as
well as British auditors.
Mr. Wilson was naturally anxious not to
say anything which might tend to jeopard
ize the prospects of his party. * *. * "We
have," says Mr. Wilson, "just fought and
just won "the first battle in that conflict."
It is to be feared that Mr. Wilson's praise
worthy zeal makes him somewhat forget
ful of the warning that he that girdeth on
his harness should n Jt boast himself as ha
that putteth it off. The victory over the
protectionists has been incomplete, and its
results, inadequate as they are, can by no
means be regarded as placed beyond doubt.
It was certainly far from what earnest
tariff reformers, not to speak of convinced
free traders, confidently exported when Mr.
Cleveland was raised to the presidency,
and when the McKinley tariff was thought
to be doomed.
The victory which consisted in tho sub
stitution for the Wilson bill of a measure
denounced by President Cleveland as "an
inconsistent absurdity" and a violation of
all sound t'iriff principles, is expected to
"go forward from this time forth by its
own Impetus." We wish we could feel
sure of this, for we are convinced that
freedom of trade is good for all the world,
and we are not at all alarmed by Mr. Wil
son's highly colored picture of the future
supremacy of the United States in indus
trial production and in external com
merce. But we confess that the cause of
tariff reform in the United States seems to
us far from being certain to go forward by
its own impetus, as to stand in need of all
the efforts of those who believe in it, and,
perhaps even more, of clearer views on
their part of what they mean. The greater
part of Mr. Wilson's speech was a logical
and telling argument in favor of free trado
pure and simple, and an exposure of the
mischiefs of protection in any shape or
form. It is not easy to apply his reason
ing to the principle of a "tariff for revenue
only" so limited in practice as to secure
the freedom from duty of raw materials
and to protect favored industries against
foreign competition. * «* * We do not
expect to we any decisive overthrow of
protection until it is confronted by a real
free trade policy.—London Times.
One aspect of the value of protection in
building up home manufactures, rather
than buying them in foreign countries at
a cheaper rate, is seldom sufficiently con
sidered. A removal of the duties on coal,
iron ore and wool is advocated in order to
supply manufacturers with cheaper "raw
material." But is it considered what
enters into the production of this raw
material? The consumption of air, water,
grass and herbage, which enters into the
production of a sheep and its wool, could
not be exported or otherwise utilized, and
converting this otherwise waste Into
wealth is no small consideration.
And so. a country which packs its meat
before sntpment abroad, not only saves the
loss of life which would take place on the
way, and the cost of transportation to the
bulky and more perishable material, but
converts into use salt, sawdust, wood, Ice,
etc., which would otherwise not be utilized;
and also the hair, bones, blood, etc., which
are converted into other forms of wealth.
Paper making gives value to rags, straw,
wood, cornstalks, water, etc. And so dif
ferent manufncturesemploy bark, sumack,
berries, clay, sand and scores of other
things which were otherwise waste. So,
also, barn'n land, rocky hills and other
waste spaces are utilized. Besides the
consumption of fuel, ores and forests
which might lie exported at » loss, the use
of what is otherwise Incapable of removal
and utility, is the point here kept in view.
It is safe to say that more waste is thus
converted into wealth in the United States
than the value of all our imported goods.
Shall we utilize this waste or not is a
serious question for tho free trader.
A witness iu court at Dubuque, a few
days ago. injected some politics into the
answer of a cross questioner and expressed
the feelings of a pood many Democrats
throughout the country. The name of
the witness was Ward, and this is the ac
count of the Incident:
' "Mr. Ward, did I understand you to gay
that land is not worth as much now as it
was two years ago?"
"Yes, sir; that's what I said."
"Will you please tell the court why it is
not worth as much now as two years ago t"
"Well, since Cleveland was elected the
price of land aud everything else has gone
to the devil."
This answer brought down the house,
and Democrats and Republicans alike in
the court grew red in the face trying to
keep from laughing outright.
"Are you a Republican, Air. Ward?"
"No, sir; but if things keep on the way
they are now, I don't think it will be long
before I will "w one."—Sioux City, la.,
Professor Rasmus B. Anderson, of Wis
consin. United States minister to Den
mark during Cleveland's first term, has re
pudiate the Democratic party. The an
nouncement of his change of politics has
caused a tremendous sensation in political
He is the author of the gerrymander of
Wisconsin. His action was caused chiefly
because of what he terms "the tortuous
methods of Democratic leaders, who fla
grantly violated party principles and party
When I talk about wages I use the word
in its broadest sense, as the price and valuo
of service, whether of brain or muscl*.—
Hon. Thomas H. Reed, Maine.
It is a notable fact that for ten years—
from 1875 to 18K5 —the Republicans never
had less than *72,000,000 of a surplus in
any one year, reaching the enormous sum
of ♦250,000.000 in 1SM1 ; while Grover Cleve
land. at the close of his second year, in
1887. found the balance of trade to lw
against us to the amount of $28,000,000;
while President Harrison as soon as in
augurated. with the balance of trade
against us, brought this trade back to us,
so that the third year of his administration
gave us $2(r2,000.000 of an excess of exports
over that of imports.
A study of these tables will show what
the Republicans and the Whigs have been
able to accomplish, as against the Demo
crats, in the holding of the balance of
trade. The following resume is given for
The Federalists lost annually for twelve
years $10,826, 5: Xi, or in all f 129,018,432.
The Whigs controlled the government
for eight years, with imports amounting
to $158,878,331, and a total of exports of
947,331),375, which gives an annual loss in
the excess of Imports over exports of 113,-
The Democrat* had control for fifty-six
years prior to Cleveland's present term, in
which they show a i*nin of exports of 1171,-
949,891, against a loss in the imports of
$1,005,994,181, making the annual loss by
the Democrats for the whole fifty six years
The Republicans had control for twenty
eight years, in which they show a gain in
the excess of exports of ♦ 1,875,850,715,
against a loss in the imports of 11,124,741,
034. or an annual gain in the excess of ex
ports of $2rt.825.5f10.
Making a final showing in favor of the
Republicans with ♦20,000,000 of a gain,
against $14,000,000 of a loss with the Dem
ocrats, or $13.000,000 of a loss with the
Whigs annually. In other words, the Re
publicans gained in twenty-eight yean
enough to overcome very largely the loss
iit iii pmlvqi KnWftTIQP.V'
The president of the
his V,l 7'
glibly alw.tit the reduced price of good ll
compensating for any reduction of *sps
which might he brought al>out by his tar
iff policy. And this b, to a great extent,
the stock in trade of the free trade theor
Oh, yes! Cheap goods and cheap pro
duct* of the workshop and the farm are
the things to make men happy and con
tents! with their lot in life. We deny it
utterly. Adults, with no one depending
upon them, may bo satisfied with a bare
living. But the wage worker, the toiler in
summer's lassitude and winter's frosts
and snows, wants more than a living. Ha
wants something for old age—something
for his children. Besides being fed and
clothed they want books to read, and pens,
and ink, and paper, and pencil. They
want an education with which to fight
life's battle.
Go talk to the toilers in the Iron hiUs
and coal mountains in Pennsylvania and
Virginia, or the bituminous coal deposits
of the great west, about the advantages of
cheap food, and cheap clothing, and cheap
commodities of every description, and they
will tell you very quickly that what they
want is steady employment and good
wages, and they will take care of the food
and clothing part of this whole business.
We are opposed to cheap goods and cheap
agricultural products. Cheap goods and
cheap products mean cheap labor—starva
tion wages for toiling slaves, without hope
and without ambition for the future. Huts
and hovels, and nakedness, and pauperism,
and crime follow sadly after the procession
of cheap labor. The greatest advantage of
protection, however, is to be seen in the
condition of labor under its mantle. Wages
are not only higher than in England, Italy,
Hungary, Poland and other free trade or
semi free trade countries, but the condi
tion of the laborer is infinitely more bear
able and hopeful. He may live comfortably
and respected, and he may educate his
children and expect them to become worthy,
useful and leading citizens. Tliey are eli
gible to all places under the government,
capable of any business enterprise, and
may hold any social position. This state
of things exists only where protection is
general, and it is that only in the United
States. Goods are cheap In Italy, in Hun
gary and in Poland, but labor is cheaper,
and the laborer cannot buy. The laboring
man emigrates from free trade countrioa
to protective ones, not from protective
countries to free trade ones. Cheap labor
is a national curse. Xay, more, it is bar
barism itself. 11l paid labor means a de
graded standard of life. Therefore, well
paid labor and its attendant consequences
are to be desired and are not to be feared.
The cost of living is reduced to a common
factor. The price fixes the condition. Bar
barism is the condition.
Considering that we are told by the
Democrats that 'of the staple agricultural
products, including meats and provisions,
we are such large exporters, and must con
tinue to he such large exporters, that any
duties upon them are useless for protec
tion and fruitless for revenue, and gener
ally can be imposed only for the purpose
of deluding the less intelligent of our far
mers," etc., it will be difficult to explain
upon what principle the duty ou horses,
which last year yielded a revenue of about
$400,000 upon an importation amounting
in value to one and a quarter milUons. i»
reduced more than on*third.
Is there less moral turpitude in 30 than
in 32 per cent, of deceit? Or does it pro
ceed from a fear that by saving to the
northwestern farmer annually two oi
three million dollars paid for Canadian
horses, the fanner will become a robber
Why is the duty ou barley, which last
year brought over half a million in reve
nue. reduced from 04.68 to 20 per cent.?
Upon what principle is one-half of the
1600,000 collected on cheese last year re
mittcd by a reduction of one-half the pre»
ent duty?
Last year imported lieans paid into the
national treasury nearly half a million;
this hill reduces the duty more than half.
The duty on hay, hops, honey and onioni
last year swelled the government receipts
by nearly a million and a quarter, every
dollar of which was paid by foreign pro
ducers. yet this is reduced by nearly one
The "tax" on imported potatoes brought
to the government treasury last year over
a million, at the rate of 51.98; yet three
fifths of tills is abandoned for the benefit
of the foreign producer by a reduction tc
The government, however, is allowed t«
recoup for these remissions by a duty ol
83.85) on rice and 72. per cent, on peanuts.
This will, however, hardly compensate the
treasury, or content the northwestern
farmer, when it is considered that almoal
$400,000 was last year collected for imported
eggs, at 5 cents j>cr dozen, which this bill
abandons, anil that the American hen
must adjust herself to the system of cheap
production and competition with foreign
li»bor. _
Flick Items.
Mi>ses Mary and Martha Trimble, who
have been .spending a lew days in Pittii
linrif, have returned home.
Russell, the 11-year old son of Martin
Monks, fell from a hay mow and broke his
wrist, on Thursday.
The many friends of Mrs. Sarah Jiine
Trimble, a former resident of this place,
now of Pittsburg will be sorry to hear of
her serious illness with typhoid fever.
Hoy A Curtis lost a derrick on the A.
Monks larin, by the wind, Wednesday ol
last week.
Robert Jack's fine residence will be
ready for occupaucy in a couple of weeks.
Water wells have been drilled at the
Cunningham aud Sandy Hill school hout.es,
which supply a long felt want.
Mrs. Stoppard, who with her husband
and two c' lldrtn hive been visiting her
sister, Mrs. La Point, will soon go to
Cooperstown to live, and with Miss La
Point will engage in ladies' furnishing and
dress making. Ladies will do well to give
theai a call before ordering or having their
winter dresses made.
The Forest Oil Company are testing one
of their third shod wulls on the Hayes
farm in the hundred foot. If this is a suc
cess quite a few wells w ill he pumped from
the hundrod foot instead of the third sand.
Hoy ,£ Curtis have I ad their No. 4. on
Will Jack's farm, cleaned out and it has
been materially benefitted.
Dan. Moore, of Herman Station, visited
his parents, Mr. aud Mrs. M. V". Moore of
this place, last week.
H. J. Anderson is the proud father of a
young son, who arrived at his home last
Miss Elizabeth yuinn, of McDonald, who
has been visiting at Mr. Jack's has gone to
Bakerstown. Gossip.
Euclid Items.
McCall, Cranmer & Co have started
their mill on the Davis job.
James Christley moved back to his farm.
Jeff Stoner moved here lately.
The Euclid school is large this season.
An Oil Co., from Pittsburg, talks of put
ting down a well near Muddy Creek
The Shaffer Bros are starting a storo at
Elora. That is what we want, boys, keep
the hall a rolling.
Euclid isn't as large a city as one might
think, but it is a wide awake place situat
ed on the P., S. AL. E. 11. K. between
West Sunbnrv and some other important
places. T. X. Z.
THK ollicial ballot will coptaiu at loast
Bjven columns this year.
Funeral Directors,
151 S. Main St., - Butler: Pa.
f Items.
John Sachs made a business trip to Bat- |
ler on Friday.
Chas. McCarthy tu arrested here for
horse stealing la?t Thursday evening. He j
was locked up in j»il at Butler.
The Ba-e Ball Club give a dance ht-re
on Thursday evening and it was a pleasant j
atlair. Quite a number of the Free port j
boys were up.
Frank Graham and Louis Bishop, of j
Evans City, were here on Thursday.
Sav yon—you foot ball player I mean—
the next time von kick such a tremendous
blow at the ball please hit the ball and not
the earth, for the solid earth sometimes
knocks your toe nails louse.
C J Kaabe lost bis bay mare by Jdrath
on Sunday morning.
The Tarentuui Band gave a free enter
tainment here on Saturday evening The
entertainment was a very pleasant one, as
the music was of the be?t, and we give our
thanks to the band aud hope that iu tbe
future we may return the same to them.
Wm F. Heckert, one of our prominent
citizens, is about to leave us and move to
Tarentum, to take a po.-ition at Pitcairn's.
K. C. Sehroth. our little b'arber, is paint
ing his shop and intends making a Very
comfortable p.ace to entertain his custom- ;
ers this winier.
It is rumored that one of our young
ladies is about to leave our town.
Chas Lerner, formerly ot this place, was
here ou a short visit fr >m Virginia lately.
MullholUi.d's have moved into Schoen- ;
tag's bouse on Pittsburg avenue.
J. I). Wil.-on and Thomas Frazier were
iu Butler on Monday.
0a last Friday Joireph Knoch fell while
trying to mount a be rue aud dislocated his
collar bone.
Thomas King, Jr , son of Thomas King,
Sr , of Rebecca street, bad his leg broken
while playing foot ball at school, on Tuei--
day. Both bones below the knee were
J. K. Helm bold was in Pittsburg on tue
luess, Tuesday.
Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Wilson went to
Pittsburg on Tuesday evening.
The Saxonburg Oil Company struck a
well ou the Dugan farm. It is said to make
about 200 barrels.
Tbey are building a new bridge across
Thorn Creek which will be finished about
the last of tbe week.
Mrs. L. A. Heimbold went to Pittsburg
Tuesday on a visit to her mother.
Airs. F. Heller ha* it-turned from New
• 'actle. She was attending ttie funeral ot
her grandson.
Dr. E B. Mer«U(iu and Miss Ida Grabaui
were in Butler on I uesday.
Dr. W. W. Lasher has arrived bome
from a short visit to Kutanning H. E.
SECRKT dispatches from Russia say lhat
tb« Czar's sickness has been caused by
scientific means; and that if he dies there
will be a war between his first and second
sons for the crown.
JJiilA. j-'JE£cr-
COYLK— At his home in Donegal twp ,
Oct. 14, "94. Thomas C'oyle, aged about
70 years.
WILLIAMS—At Phiiadelphia, October 11,
1894, Mrs. Dr. Williams, ot Butler.
SHDLL--At his home in Butler, Oct. 12,
1894. Thomas Shutl, aged 77 years.
SHIKA —At his home iu Parker twp.,
Oct. 16, 1894, Peter Sbira, aged 94
He was the fattier of Wm., Fergus ..nd
John M. Shira, and was one of the oldest
men in the count), aua was a very patriot
ic and public spirited uriu. His wife's
name was Hutchison and they enjoyed u
married life of over GO years.
In Memory of James Mahood.
On Thursday, October 4th, 1894, Mr.
James Mahood, an old and honored citizen
of Washington township, Butler county,
WHS called from this world ol trials, sorrow
and disappointments to his blight and
bappier home.
Tbe deceased was in the 76th year of his
age, and leaves ten children (o mourn the
loss of a kind and loving father.
ihe high esteem in w bich he was held
and the respect of the en'ir*) community
for the bereaved was shown at the funeral,
which was one of the largest that has been
witnessed in thin section of the country for
some time.
Tbougu dark and mysterious may <-eem
the providence that would guide him sale
ly through all the trials and cares of this
world, and crown him with the most lord
ly and noble crown that mortal man can
wear, a crown ol honorable gray hairs, and
call him while }et so lull ot hope auu en
durar.ee, jet we should rest assured, that
what we know not now we shall know
hereaf'er, aud when we are raised to
Heaven and look back on all God's provi
dential dealings witn us here, and seeing
how there was not a turn in the roaJ, nor
a crook in our lot bat what was good; see
ing how our trials turi.ed out blessings,
and that while others losf by every gain,
we gained by every loss, then, when all
God's works of providence shall stand be
fore us in all their completeness, we shall
lake up our harps snd throwing our souls
into the strain, sing with the saints urou.nl
Ihe throne, • Great and marvelous are
iby works, L'rd God Almighty; just and
true are thy ways, thou King of saints."
WHEREAS, It has pleased God in his all
wise providence to take from our midst
Mr. James Mahood, our beloved and hon
ored neighbor, therefore,
Resulted, That while we, the neighbors
and trienda of the deceased, bow in humble
submission to t e w ill of our Heavenly
Father, we deeply lament the loss we
have sustained in the death ol our time
honored neighbor.
2ud, That we express to the bereaved
family our sincere sympathy aud condo
lence in this their hour of affliction; and we
hereby testify to the worth, integrity and
manly honor of our deceased frieud
W L?P.: AL ''
&AKIN 13
A cream of tartar baking powder. High
est ol all in leaveninif strength.— Latent
l'uite<l States Government Food llepo»t.
Royal Baking Powder Co.,
106 Wall St.. N. Y.
2 Prescriptions
M A Specialty.
STRe'dick's Drug Store.
We do not handle anything but
pure drug 1 *, next time you are iD
need of medicine please give us a
call. We are headquarters lor pure
as we use only pure fruit juices, we
also handle Paris Green, hellebore,
insect powder, Loudon purple 4 and
other insecticides.
Main &t.,uext toHotel Lowry
Insurance and Keal Estate
Administrator's Notice.
Letters of administration on the estate
ot Sarah M Ga lbraith. dec'J, l ite ■ ;
Ad itns township. Butler Co , Pa. having
been granted to the undersigned, all per
sons knowing themselves indebted to said
estate will please make immediate p»>-
inent. and any having claims »gain-t -aid
estate will present them duly authentica
ted lor settlement to
R. T Gaibr.UTH. Adm'r ,
W. C. Findlev, Mars, Pa
Executor's Notice.
Letters testamentary on the es-tate
John Khnger, late of Peun iwp.. dee'd.
having been granted to tbe uudersigued.
all persuus knowing them-elves indebted
t<> .-aid ei-tate will please make immediate
t>a\ ment, and any having claims against
raid estate will present tbem duly authen
ticated to
I). B. DorTnF.TT. Ex'r..
Brownsdale, Pa
Executrix Notice,
Letters testamentary on the estate of
JonnSbem, late of Butler, Pa . having
been grat.ted the unden-igned, all persons
indebted to t-aid e.-taie will pleaj-e ui«ke
immediate payment and those having
claims will present tbem duly aulhenticat
I'd for •settlement to
Ua.nnah L. Shkm. Ex'r.
W D. Brandon, Butltr Pa.
By virtue of an order of the Orphan-'
Court of Butler county, made on the Stb
d-»y of September. 1894 at O. C- No. .1,
March Term, 1594, there will he exposed
to sale at public outcry on the premi-es in
Oakland townsbsip. Butler county, Pa., 011
at 1 o'clock, p m.; of said day, al' the fol
lowing described real estate, bounded on
the north by lands of James Ration's heir.-
and Wm. Jack, on the ea.-t by 1 i'.ds of
John Henry'- heirs, ou the south by lands
of Chas. Duffy and ou the ui-.-t by land- >1
John It Bovard and Chus. Duffy contain
ing 105 acres, more or le.-s, log hous •, log
barn, frame stable and orchard of appb
trees thereon; being the lci;:d owned l»y
John M> Dinger in his liietime aud at tbe
time of bis death, and y virtne of the pro
ce>-dings in partition at O. C. N . o4
September Term, ISSI an ! O. C. N ■ 71.
March Term. IS'J4, tbe same was Oirecte.
to be sold at public sale.
TgßusorS&Lß—One-half cas i on con
firmation of f»le by the Court, ani one
half iu one year with interest, deferred
payment to be secured by bond and mort
gage ou tbe premises, mortgage to contain
a scire facias claui-e and attorney's com
mis-ion in ca.-e of collection by process of
Georqr B. Mkllisgkr.
W. J. Mkllisgbr.
Raiston £ Greer, Trustees.
In re assigned estato of Alex McCrum
By virtue of an order of Court is>ued out
of the Court of Common Pleas of Bailer
county, there will be exposed to public
sale on the premises at Valencia, Adams
Township, Butler county, Pa , ou
1894 at 1 o'clock, P. M., the fol
lowing described real estate, assign
ed to uie for the benefit 1' creditors; all
that certain lot of ground .-ituate iu Va
lencia, Adauis township, Butler Co. Pa.,
bounded on the north by lot of Maria
Miller, on '.he east by lot of Dr. S. O
Slirrett, on the south by P. <i W. R. R.
and on the west by Stirrelt Ave , contain
ing one acre, more or less, aud having a
two story Irame dwelling house aud other
buildings thereon.
Terms cash on confirmation of tbe sale
by tb • Court and delivery ot deed.
Assignco Alex McCruin
Nkwtoh Black,
Shipp-rs and dealers in
Huildin Materials
Rough and dressed Lumber of nil
kinds. Doors and Windows, nud
Mouldings of all kinds.
H. E. WICK, Manager.
Office and Yurds,
Kant t'unnintfliam ami Monroes!reel*.
in re petition of Geo. K. Green ad minis
trator of Olive Isabel Green, deceased, to
to sell real estate lor the pav mentot debts.
0. C No. Sti, Dec. Term, 1894.
Whereas Geo. K. Green, administrator
of the estate of Olive Isabel Green, late of
Butler County, Pa , deceased, uid on the
24t0, day ot >ept. 1894, present his petit
ion in the Orphans' Court of Butler County,
Pa., praj iug the Court for leave to sell the
following described piece or parcel of land
situate in Allegheny twp., Butler County.
Pa., bounded and described as follows, to
wit: Beginning at the north-west corner
Known as the Silas Hoover corner now
Blymiller, thence east by lands of Adam
Bntton and Williams heirs formerly, now
Al O'-Neil aud Geo. K. Green to tile Luilen
ton Kcad, thence south along said road a
sutlicient distance to comprise live acres
ol laud, the Km lento a Koad to bo the east
ern boundary of said five acres of laud,
tbence west by lands of Andrew D. Kelly
formerly, being part id the same tract,
Mrs. F. Steinbrook, until it strikes the
Silas Hoover line, thence north along said
line to the place of begiuuing, containing
five acres, with frame dwelling house and
outbuilding- thereon erected, which is sub
ject to said Geo. 1L Green's estate and
rights as tenant by tjte courtesy as surviv
ing husband of the decedett, for the pay
ment of the debts ol the said decedent,
whereupon the said Court made
the following order; Now
September 24ih, 1894, the witbiu petition
presented in open Court and on due con
sideration citation on the brothers and sis
ters if any, or heirs of said decedent to
show cause why sale ol the wilhiu describ
ed real estate shall not be made for the
payment of debts, to be served personally,
or by acceptance, or on non-residents of
the County by publication if the same be
necessary, returnable to Ist Monday of
November, 1894, at 10 o'clock A. M , at
which lime the same shall be heard on the
Pursuant to which a citation was duly
issued by the said Orphans' Court on the
said 2411 i day ol Sept. 1894, to me, Andrew
G. Campbell, High Sheriff of Butler coun- i
ty, pa.,commanding me to make known to
the heirs and legal representatives oi the
said Olive Isabel Green, deed , the con
tents of said petition, order of Court and
rule thereon aud cite them to be aud ap
pear at an Orphans' Court to be held at
Butler, in and lor the county of Butler, on
the lirst Monday of November, 1894, being
the fifth day of November, arid then and
there to show cause w.,y the prayer of the
above petition should not be granted.
Now know j e Oliver Ke'ly, residence un
kuown, G S. Kelly of Armstrong county,
Pa., W. E. Kelly of Butler county, Pa.,
,f. A. Kelly of Indiana county, Pa., and
S. ti. Kelly of Nob Noster, Mo., being the
brothers and sisters arid all the heirs in
terested iu the estate of the above Olive
Isabel Green, deed , that I Anurew G.
Campbell, High Sheriff of Butler county,
Pa., hereby notify, rule aud cite you to be
and appear al au Orphans' Court to be held
at Butler, in and for the County of Butler,
Pa , on.
at 10 o'clook a.m.. aud then and there show
cause if any you may have why said real
estate should not be sold lor the payment
of debts as pr.iyed for, at which time and
place yon shall be heard by witnesses uud
otherwise, if desired, touching the matters
and things pertaining to said sale, or any
leasou you may have why the same should
not be made.
High Sheriff.
Real Estate, Fire and Life Insurance,
Insurance Company of North America,
102 d year. Assets .*9.278.000; Homo of New
York, Assets 98 000.000; Hartford of Hart
ford. Assets $7,378,000; Pnosuix of Brook
lyn, Assets #5,000,000.
::jz: Campbell & Templeton. w ::z»
Complete Morey
iln Mahogany,
Birds-Eve maple \ *'/■
and Curly Birch
bedroom suits . . . Japanese Porcelain
__ i . China Dinner Sets. •$-
\\ tll d\l 11H . . Semi-Porcelain Dinner Sets. . .
DFtiT . Ask to see our
. 100 Piece Dinner set
See our . . .At . . $lO.
assortment of ?. v
Parlor Lamps , T , <.
i m i • - - /*«
before buying. < x
This COSTUMER is just wv sell the Cutter r..!i
what you want for your top desk, the best made. (^7
hall or bedroom.
SIO value.
L J Parlor Suits,
ft Wi Bedroom Suits,
\ P \ M Rocking Cliairs, >
Couches, Stands.
See our new Ctrpet sweeper. extra value at >io.
1 TBE ATS THEM ALL. t t i t t *
Jury List for November Term.
List of names drawn from the proper
jnrv wheel tins Bth day of October, A 1).
I§!H to serve as traverse jurors at a spec
ial term of Court commencing NOT. 12th,
A. 1) , 1594, the sauie beiug the second
Monday ot said month.
Armstrong W J, merchant, Butler Ist wd.
Boyd C V\ , farmer. Worth twp.
Barron Robert, farmer. Worth twp.
Buchanan Robert, farmer, Mercer twp.
Beighley Emmet, pumper, Prospect boro.
Baruhart Rudolph, farmer, Conuoq twp.S.
Bryson L A, farmer, Butler twp.
Bolton Lewis, dealer, Cell ire vule boro.
Book J G \V, larmer Worth twp
Brown C M, farmer. Harrisville boro.
Boyd W S, clerk, Butler Ist ward.
Burr James, farmer, Jefferson twp.
Baruhart Gabriel, farmer, Conuoq. twp. N
Christy John, taruier, Cheriy twp.S.
Cumberland Al, larmer, Concord twp.
Christie John G, blacksmith, Concord twp.
Cruikshauk John, larmer, W infield twp
Cleelaiid Ueury, faimer, Muddycreek twp.
Clark Frank, hotel keeper, Butler, 2ud wd.
Donaldson Isaac, farmer, Clay twp.
Fleming Win, larmer, Clearrield twp.
Frederick George, larmer, Summit twp.
Fleming W C, merchant, Butler Ist ward.
Gilcbri.-t U B, carpeuter. Butler, 2nd wd.
Garvin Newton, larmer, Cranberry twp.
Graham Thomas, farmer Concord twp.
Gro«s W m, farmer, Jackson twp. west.
Hoffman Charles, clerk, Saxon burg boro.
UullH'vein U A. agent, Harmony boro.
Hutzler John, farmer, Wiutield twp.
Harper K M, merchant. Butler, Ist ward.
Kuliu McAllister, larmer, Concord twp
Klingensmitb T P. oil producer, Butlersth
Lewis 110, farmer, Washington twp., 8.
Miller John, farmer, Butler twp
McCufferty W J. merchant, Butler, 2d wd.
McMarlin J A. farmer, Adauis twp, S
McCoy A C, farmer, Slipperyrock twp
McCollougti J M, farmer, Fair view (wp, K
Martin \\ I', larmer, Venango twp.
McCrea J M, farmer, Butler twp.
Murkham Stephen, oil producer, Butler let
Mainland -lames, taruier, Clinton twp.
McGowan Alex, farmer, Worth twp.
Nixon J livaus, farmer, I'enn twp, S.
Nicholas Peter, tarnier, I'enu twp, S.
Park Albert, farmer, Middlesex twp.
Purvis J L, manufacturer. Butler nth wd.
Koxbury J C, laborer. Prospect,
liice Ueury, farmer, Cranberry twp.
Kay M S, Justice of Peace, Fairview.
lteed John, farmer, SlipperyrooK twp.
Shira Samuel, farmer, Washington twp, S.
Schenck John, fanner, Butler twp.
Suitzell Phillip, farmer, Jackson twp, W.
Shoup George, farmer, Centre twp.
Stevenson 1) S, farmer, Penn twp, N.
Stevenson Jas J, hotel keeper, Franklin tp
vjckle Jos, farmer, Muddycreek twp.
Wright Samuel, farmer, Connoq twp, S.
It is unnecessary
to bore you with the
a (1 ver tisemen t of our
largest stock, best
facilities, biggest
7 Oo
business, etc. \ou
know we have that.
The important an
nouncement is,
We will Positively save
you Money on - your
Fall Clothes.
Our stock tables
are resplendent with
the newest patterns.
See them.
r,. c- WICK
Rough and Worked Lumber
Doors, Sash, Blinds, Mouldings.
Shingles and L-ath
Always In Slock
Otlieo opposite P. <1 W Depot,
rtT7TI-.BR A
We extend to the Ladies of Butler and vicinity a cordial invitation to
attend our
w e will have on exhibition a number of foreign Pattern H;ils and
Bonnets anil Mourning Millinery as well as every Requisite
for Stylish Headgear at
SPECIAL VALVES IX BLANKET*—7V, sl. tt.r.u up to $V
SPECIAL VALUES IN II It Ess tiOIHIS 10.?. i.v. jv vupto *1 Ml.
BHi B1 Kli II Nn IN MEN S KIBIiMI IMIEBIV. Alt ;i suit.
BIU VALIES IN IIA NIIK EKCIII EES sc, 10?. 1.'.0 anil 25c.
*1 Kill (iLOVKS— 7Sc this week.
Ladies' and Childrens* Wraps, most excellent values.
Leaders in low prices and reliable goods.
Always ask for goods advertised.
Retailed at wholesale prices. We
have not only the largest stock in
Butler county but the largest
in Western Pennsylvania.
Come and see for yourself.
We pay 110 rent therefore don't
need to add it on.
What You Need
Is a Dictionary!
One Webster lot. Dictionary,
sheep, with patent thumb index,
together with one Noye's patent ud
justable dictionary holder—all com
plete for 2.5( ).
We are the only firm in the
county able to wholesale school sup
plies in competition with large firms
from Chicago and other cities We
sell for hsa th;m other firms here pay
for things.
241 S. Main Street,
Near Postoffice.
Butler Dye Works,
216 Centre A>enne.
The above establishment is now in run
nine order, and is prepared to do lir-t
--class Dyeing and Cleaning of Ladies' and
Gentlemen'* Clothing and other goods fiat
need a new lease on life in renovating and
brightening up generally. Have had 35
years experience in the dyeing business,
anil can guarantee good results on good
R. Fisher. Prop'r.
Country Gentleman
Agricultural Weeklies.
Farm Crops and Processess,
Horticulture& Fruit Growing
Live-Stock and Dairying
While it a!so includes ali minor depart
inents of Rural interest, such at the Poul
try Yard, Entomology, Bee-Keeping,
Greenhouse and Grapery, Veterinary Ke
plies. Farm Questions and Answers, Fire
side Heading. Domestic Economy, and a
summary of the News of the Week. Its
Market Reports are unusually complete,
and much attention is paid to the Pros
pects of the Crops, as throwing light up
on one of the mo>t important of nil
questions—When to Buy and When to Sell.
It is liberally Illustrated, and contains
more reading matter than over before.
The subscription price is <2.50 ,i year, but
wo offer a SPEC I A L REDUCTION' iu our
CLUB BATES I-Oil 1895.
TWO St lisriPTlONS. In on ivinittan f 4
HIX MMM nil riOXH, 'I do .... I«
Tl..\ St BSCIiIITIOJfS, do ilo . ..15
IV To all New Subscribers tor 1895, pa
ying in advance now. we will send the pa
per Weekly, from our receipt of the remit
tance, to January Ist. 1895, without
I"9 Specimen Copies Free. Address
Ll'Til EH T1 CKEK A SON. I'ublMurs,
Albany, N. Y.
Garfield Tea sis
lUlta. Soxtii "ft • « ' •.■ ■ ■ M >.3IV • .K.Y.
Caros wC;istii' "an