Newspaper Page Text
WILL YOU BE ONE
TO READ THIS AD.
AND ACT PROMPTLY.
EVERY ITEM IS A LEADER.
Man'* felt boot* and over* $1.85 | Boy's food folid boot? 1 to 5 95c.
Men'* guud bnckel aretie* 95 | Men'* over* lor tell luxits $1.15 and $1.25,
Men'* ffo<«l solid t-o $1 50. I Men'* g>><«l solid working stines 95.
Men'* fine dress shoes lace or Congress $1 25.
THE NEW SHOE STORE LEADING THEM ALL.
Ladies' ki>t button oboes tip or pUiti 95 I Ladies' g<><>d oil grain button $1 00.
L*<tie<<' (train button shoes beel or spring 95 | Lsdien' kip lace «hoe» 95
Mimes' kid button shoes spring heel 95: | Ladies' fine rubbers 25.
ALL RUBBER GOODS REDUCED
THE NEW SHOE STORE.
215 S. Main Street, fi P lUfTT T PI)
Opposite Arlington Hotel, vi. I'IILLLjII.
Sweeping Redactions have been Made on all
Winter Clothing, Overcoats, Undrewear, Cap, etc.
Our business has been very successful since our opening nine
months ago, leaving us a lot of odds and ends, which are ALL
NEW and which we are willing to sell at a sacrific rather than
cany* them over.
Be sure and see us before you buy if y >u want to save money.
Wishing you all a Happy New Year.
We are Yours Respectfully,
DOUTHETT & GRAHAM.
Cor. Main & Cunningham Sts.
The 0. W. HARDHAN Art Company Limited.
GROUND FLOOR STUDIO.
Finest and most artistic photographs. Hand made portraits a
specialty. Picture and portrait frames. If conscientions work is of
any value to you have the same done here.
Beware of tramp artists and irresponsable parties and strangers
who are tramping through the county soliciting your orders.
Studio, 118 North Main St, Butler, Pa.
SPECIAL * ANNOUNCMENT.
I have placed on our bargain counter a line of boots and shoes which
will be closed out at a sacrifice for the next thirty days.
Among this line will be found greater bargains
than have ever been offered.
Call aid eximi.ie these goods whether you wis;i t buy r in t.
Ladies •'lie D >ngolt» -h regolar irie»- #3.50 .i«v* $2
•• '• ... 2 -J;, Ht I 25
" Calf shoe* $1 to 1 50.
" ml jrrain t»b f-f $1 "> 1 5"
fin** spring h<-»*l nt, 9<» (*L- t•sl 25
" beel at 50 c-ti'H.
" whool 75 ct» to $1
Ha id roadv box 'o« |3.
•' " plain »»• t- of-. $2 sft.
fi vitlf tb »»f- a - $2
•• Bbot-c a; 5o
Bojk 6ne cait eboew at $1 25 A>id many oib«tr hargaiuH.
Our line of HOLIDAY GOODS is more complete than ever before,
consisting of many new and pretty styles in SLIPPERS. Now
what is more appropriate for a fine present than a beautiful
pair of SLIPPERS, and by visiting our store you will
have the best assortment to select from and at
prices lower than any other store in the coun
ty. Be sure to call and examine our
goods before selecting a XMAS PRESENT.
o RUBBER GOODS. °
Boston, Woonsncket, Goodyear, Glove, Bay State and Snag Proof
Boots at Bickel's.
Meo« firm quality robber boot- $2 2*>
Boys " " 1-50.
Mm* knee hoot* $2 50
Mm* Storai Kto<? four* $2.75.
Fi r eman rnbb«r bootn (• xtra high) $3
Youtbn rubber boot* $1 25
Cbflds " 100
Womenß rubber bootH 1 00
Ladu-H fine «p«*cialtv rubt*>r« 40 «nnt«
" croquftH 25 cents.
Miwva rubtx-ra 25 eentn
MeuH ppecialty rubber« 50 u> 65 cents
Menu buckle Arctic" sl.lO.
Meat Alaokat* 75 cents.
W uoiens bockle Arctics 75 cents
Mens best felt boot* $2
We have 100 pair mens h>tfb hoot* (rahber b >->t-») til V > 10 vid 11, regu
lar price $3 50 wbicb will b» h-j'd a', $2 p-r pur during tbiu n»le.
When in need of footwear give me a call.
128 SOUTH MAIN STREET. BUTLER. PENN'A.
"A FAIR FACE MAY PROVE A FOUL BAR
GAIN." MARRY A PLAIN GIRL IF SHE USES
A&TKKiALEHi totila.. <';>iuiu orothor
a:i<x! - n", but d'-ftiroya the njxx-i.lo ustkma poinon in post-oflioi addrwis wo mail
n hUKxi, gjyosanight'a sw.-.-t t.lx-|) ami trial bottle■■■%■■ ■■
tU anil prove L U b b
® to youthatl lllab
1 H Ball bi 'lit gasping lor breath for faar of muR-cat n. w i" and dues cure asthma
* or by all drajgista. 0° TAFT BROS. * IDICIKE CO., ROCHESTER. N. *.
Joi) Work ol all kind done
at the "Citizen Office."
THE BUTLER CITIZEN.
! C. & D.
Take into C"Ofidert;on that mon*-*
t.av»>d is as ifood as money earned
The best wa\ to save money it>
huv (rood sroods at the righ' price.
The only reason thai our 'rude t
increafine eonpiautly is 'be fact tb*
we handle i>nlv yoodn of firnt qiinlit'
and Mfll ihetn at very low prices
We have taken nnn-'ual c*re to
provide evervtbinir new in Ha'S and
Furnishing Goods for this seasoD,
and as we have control of man*
especially good articles in bot.b lines
we can do yon good if v>u come to
We confidently sav that, it' ju-t'e
tO'benjs Ives all purchasers -h-nlrt
inspect onr goods.
COLBERT & DALE,
'IA2 S Main street,
V\ e are pleased
to inform those w bo
that are comfortable
and fit correctly,
that our selection of
Fall patterns are
here. They are
handsome and mod
erate priced. See
arc our specialty this week.
50c Gloves for 45c
75e Gloves for 6;«.
$ 100 Gloves for 90c.
And oar Entire Glove Stock at Equally
TUB BUCKET STORE,
120 South Main Street, Butler, P?
Dil< OhUSS IT U)
J PRICES if the ni"tto* at .<•
X sto re.
If von are sick and need medicin
vou want the BEST. Thi- •>> »•
ulwavii <'ep"nd upon uniting f ro»> n
as we u«e nothing hnt strictlv Pur-
Drags in our Prescription Depart
ment. You can get the best of evert
thing- in the drag line from as
Our store is also headquarters f« •
MMS OILS, VARNISHES
Kil 01P6, Alabasting L
Q«t oar prices before you hu*
tints, *nd nee what we bav® *,<■
<r.r We can save you dollars «•»
vour paint bill
J. G. REDICK,
At 1:11 ? 1< ;» t< 1 ■i< I>\ 1}
U CJ. W ICK
nou fe ti ana lun#
if all «mii<
LK>on>, sasfj, HliiiiiSi VLiulun.
SbiuKle* dud La>n
Aiways in slock
L 1 fc. HAIK AND FLPSI f ■
Office opposite I" <t W |)ojmt
f'T't I ft- f
i'laiiiitio \i 1
1 nniber «»•
v »■ h v
H P irv'SiV ■
. I KK- • N •*• A f.hr
ull I -iiiu r'iaueti Lu
*«s K: i .n
SHINGLES, LA Ti i
X- SF.WKH I'IPK.
[Copyright. 1895. by A. N Kcllopg NewspaperCo
"We're araining a little,*' said the
"Precious little," said Pilot Dobbin.
Again the speaking-tube.
"How much steam is on?"
"Hundred and fifty," came back in a
"Pile her on! Stick her up to seven
"She'll stand that," said Doblin, »otto
voce, as the four hands made half a
dozen turns of the wheel, and
the bows took an acute angle for the
"She'll have to carry more than
that before she catches that flyer
ahead," said the other.
To the feverish passengers who were
watching the leading boat, the inter
val between them seemed the same for
hours. It was in fact very slowly clos
ing. The half-mile was reduced to a
quarter. At a speed against the cur
rent that caused the immense boat to
tremble in every fiber, foot by foot,
yard by yard, she gained on her rival.
The mass of faces at her stern could
be separated and almost counted with
the naked eye. Then the Prentiss
took a sudden spurt, and a cheer from
her crowded decks showed that sho
was increasing her lead.
The captain of the Queen raged
round the pilot-house, and shook
his fist at the other boat.
"What steam?" he shouted down
♦hrough tho pipe.
"Hundred and eighty—and every
thing redhot and groaning. Dunno
how much more she'll bear."
"We've got to find out!" yelled back
tho captain. "Keep the water buckets
ready to drown the furnace when
we've passed her by a mile or so, and
crack on the steam. Pile it up, I tell
Under the terrific impulse of a head
of steam which no man would have or
dered but a lunatic or the captain of
a Mississippi river steamer in a race,
the Queen literally dashed at her rival.
The loss in distance was made up, was
doubled. The captain, leaning far out
in the effort to better observe the gain
of his boat, heard again the hoarse
murmur of the tube from the engine
"What is it?"
"The pine is used up and the cypress
don't burn well."
"There's a hnndred hams and
shoulders for'ard that belong to those
Baton liouge passengers. Tell the
niggers to get 'em and chuck 'em in.
If the boat won't pay, I will."
Stea'dlly the Queen pulled up on the
Prentiss, her officers almost coming to
blows with some of the passengers in
the effort to keep more of them amid
ships. The leading b-iat was quivering
and vibrating and her pipes belched
forth a pall of smoke so black that it
needed not the smell that came from it
to show that it came from burning
turpentine. The Queen drew on, and
from her bow the officers of the
Prentiss were seen driving some of the
people from her stern. Both captains
frantically shouted for more steam.
The bow of tho pursuing boat was
past the stern of the other. Foot by
foot she gained. Iler bow reached
the paddle box. A prolonged, exultant
cheer arose from her decks. Veils of
defiance came from the Prentiss. Fists
were shaken over the rails. A Babel of
human voices arose.
But these and all other sounds were
swallowed by a roar that seertied to
shake the heavens, mingled witliater
rific and prolonged rush of escaping
steam. The smoke pipes of the Queen
tottered and fell with a crash on the
deck forward; the steam flooded every
thing to the bows; a bright glare shot up
amidships, and the poor rent, ruined,
burning Queen drifted down with the
current, her decks ringing with the ag
onizing shrieks of dozens of victims,
while the river was black with others
who leaped overboard.
The Prentiss was put about, and
every effort was made to save the pas
sengers and crew of her luckless rivaL
Her boats picked up many of the
wretches who struggled in the water;
many more were drowned. Bodies
were found floating miles below, the
next day; some with arms or legs bit
ten off by alligators. The Queen
grounded on a point two miles down
from the place of the explosion. Many
of those who were fortunate enough to
be aft of the engine escaped to the
shore; others were burned alive as
they lay mangled and scalded. Two
hundred and thirty-nine human beings
killed or dreadfully hurt was the price
paid for the effort to determine which
of these boats was the faster.
TCRKKU BACK FBOM EDEN.
While the steamboats were flying up
the river, aud all aboard seemed to
share in the madness of the time, the
cool head of Le Fevre kept its balance.
He took Coralie and me by the arms
and hurried us as far astern as possible.
"We are rushing on to destruction,"
he said. "I know something of this
boat; htjr boilers can never carry the
steam that they are crowding them
with. Remain here; this is the safest
place on board. I will go forward and
Brave, great-souled being! We
never saw him more. Even at this dis
tance of time tears fill m 3' ej-es as I
write, at the thought of his courage
and devotion. One of the survivors
afterward told me that he saw him
shouting ond gesticulating toward the
pilot-house, but that, in the roar ol
voices, his was not heeded- Then
came the catastrophe, and the curtain
falls forever on that unselfish life.
The tears that were denied us in the
frtrfhtful scenes that followed have
since fallen capiously to his memory.
He saved us, but he could not save
himself Llis foresight as to the di
rection and effect of the explosion had
placed us in comparative safety at the
stern, and we were among those who
were able to escape to the shore where
the drifting wreck grounded on the
point, stem foremost. One of the boats
pf the Prentiss took us aboard of that
steamer, with about two hundred who
were saved from more serious injury
than a wetting in the Mississippi.
Since the days of her who was "last
at the cross anil earliest at the grave,"
woman lias been known as a minister
ing' angel of mercy and comfort; and
now Coralie. unused by habit or ex
perience to scenes of suffering, in
sisted on going below and doing what
khe could for the unfortunates from
the Queen. I took her to the large sa
loon; and while she and other women
like her moved about that scene of hor
rors, striving to alleviate pain, strong
men grew sick with the sights and
sounds, and lied again to the deck.
The mattresses and sheets had been
stripped from the berths and laid in
long rows upon the floor, and scores
of the victims were there, having oil
and cotton applied to their injuries. 1
(taw uud heard a little, and tltcu went
BUTLER. PiV., FRIDAY. JANUARY 5. 181)4.
"ONE fINDKED DOLLARS TO PUT US
ASHORE," I SHOUTED.
on >ck, faint with the living misery
o. ilie scene.
The Prentiss was overcrowded and it
was difficult to move about. But
quickly my attention was arrested by
the fact that we were moving with the
"How is this?" 1 asked of a man
whose bair and eyebrows were singed.
"We're not going down stream?"
"That's what we are doing."
My heart sank within me.
"What's this for?"'
"It's all right. We're much nearer
to Baton Rouge than to Vicksburg,
there's only one doctor aboard, and no
opiates, and the captain of this boat
decided that he must get those poor
■wretches below to a place where they
can be cared for, as quickly as possible.
I need the doctor myself, and I got off
pretty well, too. You was on the
Queen, wasn't you?"
I rushed along the decks, half-dis
tracted, demanding to see the captain.
He was overwhelmed with care and
responsibility; but when I found him
he did listen to me for an instant.
"Captain, put us ashore—Coralie and
myself," I cried. "We can't go back
to Baton Rouge."
He stared at me.
"One hundred dollars to put us
ashore!" I shouted.
"Take care of him," said the captain,
turning away. "He's been crazed by
I wandered through the crowd,
pleading with every man whose at
tention I could get that we might be
landed quickly. Some looked com
passionately; others avoided me. One
of the officers told me to keep quiet, or
he would lock me up in his cabin.
It was too cruel to believe. On the
v, :.y to freedom and safety, just es
caped from the jaws of death, at the
last moment we were turned back to
certain bondage. For me, the bonds of
prison; for her, the bonds of a living
I leaned over the rail, restrained
only by the thought of her from fling
ing myself into the dark, turbulent
Was there no escape? No hiding on
No. The quest would be as thorough
We were doomed!
A telegraph station near the river
had sped the news of the disaster and
the return of the Prentiss with the vic
tims and survivors. A thousand peo
ple were gathered at the Baton Rouge
landing as we approached. Several of
ficers took possession of the gangway
of the boat and permitted nobody to
land. The captain was called for; a
long telegram was handed him, and a
brief colloquy took place.
"I know nothing of the Cotton
Queen's passengers," he said, "nor
whether these people were saved.
You'll have to search for yourself."
A faint hope sprung up in my breast
that we might escape in the crowd and
the confusion. It quickly died. While
the officers were keeping the clamoring
passengers on board, and preventing
any access to the shore, a small steam
er came up the river and landed. I
saw Conrad Bostock and his gang jump
ashore and hail the officers on tho
Queen. They were allowed to come
aboard, and Coralie and I were at once
In her presence I was handcuffed.
She clung to me, and begged them not
to separate us.
"You are to go before the magis
trate," said one of the officers. "Come
all these poor wretches in the saloor
can't be removed till you are gone."
"Hold on!" said Bostock. "I must
find that cunning devil. Wash h*
Fcvre. lie's at the bottom of all thii
From the depth of my misery I ralsec
my hand and cried:
"He is beyond your persecution. H«
bravely perished in the wreck."
"It's just as well for him. It would
ba<*e been better for you, my tine fel
low, if you'd done the same."
We were taken up to the magistrate's
office. Coralie, unveiled and clinging
to me, was stared at by the crowd.
The news of the arrest for attempted
abduction of a slave-girl was hinted
about, and public attention and curi
osity were divided between us and the
victims of the accident, who were now
being brought ashore on stretchers
from the hospital. Hundreds of men
and boys followed us up the street, and
the magistrate's office, the passage and
the stairway were thronged. I saw
threatening looks directed toward me,
and heard the words muttered: "Yan
kee," and "slave-stealer."
I entered that room with Coralio
and took a seat within the railing.
The crowd, eager for my condemna
tion, and cruel as any mob, pointed
at us and whispered. I sat down,
hopeless and sullen. In fifteen min
utes events had so shaped themselves
that hope was somewhat revived —at
least, I knew that the expected blow
was averted for the presen*.
The judge came in and heard the
accusation. He was a portly, fine-look
ing man. and I thought looked with
some compassion at me.
"This is a very serious charge, young
man. Where are you from?"
"New Hampshire, sir."
"Is it possible that so young a per
son as you has come down hero in this
nefarious business of decoying away
"No, sir; I have not."
"The complainant charges that you
were trying to abduct his slave- What
do you say?"
My recollection of what Coralie's
father and Le Fevre had said, told me
that 1 was guilty of just that offense,
no matter what my motives were.
Still, 1 did not wish to confess it. My
heart swelled with indignation against
the assertion; I could only keep silence.
'•Where is tlie blave?" the judge
Coralie was pointed out to him. Rio
looked at her with snrpri.se.
"That pjrson?" he said. "Can it be
"She was the born slave of the late
Pierce Bostock, of La Fourche inte
rior," put in the lawyer whom Conrad
had brought with him. "My client in
herited her, with the other slaves and
property. This young- fellow has been
caught in an attempt to run her off to
the north. That is. in brief, the whole
"Well, sir, have you nothing to say?"
the judg-e asked, with some sternness.
There was much that 1 could say
without any admission of the charg-e.
I said it in brief sentences.
"Pierce Bostock was my friend —tho
schoolmate of my father before me. I
was visiting in his family for months
before his death. This lady is his
daughter. It is necessary for me to
state that we were eup-aged to be mar
ried, with the approval of her father.
We were on our way to the river for
that purpose. That is my side of the
Coralie nodded, and took one of my
hands in both of hers.
"Stuff and nonsense!" growled Con
"A very pretty story." sneered the
lawyer. "But your honor knows that
under our law the consent of the slave
cannot at all affect the guilt of her
"That is true," observed the judge;
"and this is a time when a clearly
proved attempt of the nature here
charged must be punished with all
the rigor known to the law. Our
southern institutions must be upheld,
and dangerous fanatics from the north
must be taught to respect them. While
this is true, there seems to be some ex
traordinary features about this case.
The accused is young and has not the
appearance of a common slave stealer.
His statement is a curious one. lie
ought to have counsel. Is there any
gentleman of the bar here who will
advise with him?"
A rosy, spectacled man near the
bench said: "Your honor, I should de
cline to appear for the defense in any
common case of this kind, but I have
become much interested in these per
sons from what 1 have seen and heard
here, and I agree with the court that
there must be something extraordinary
about the matter. If I may retire with
'WHEftE IS THE SLAVE?" THE JUDGE
the accused for a few minutes I will
be able to say whether he ought to be
The judge nodded and the lawyer
took me out into a side room.
"Tell me all about it," he said,
A great deal may be said in ten min
utes. In that time I had given him the
main facts that had led to my present
He took off his spectacles and rubbed
the glasses nervously with his hand
"This is quite out of common," he
said. "I never heard anything just
He asked me half & dozen questions,
each of which I was able to answer
promptly Hestroked his face thought
"I had some acquaintance with
Pierce Bostock years ago," he said,
"and I remember now that there was
a good deal of talk about his family af
fairs. There is very much more than
this girl's freedom depending upon the
facts of this case."
"Do you think you can save her?" I
"You've got a case here," he an
swered evasively, "that the best law
yers of Louisiana might take hold of.
I am not one of the best; but my sym
pathies are greatly excited for you.
There is a long and stubborn legal bat
tle to be fought. When I came in here
with you, I had no idea of the nature
of the case. You ought to bo defended
with zeal and ability; but it will be a
tedious fight, and a hard one To be
perfectly frank with you, lawyers are
no more mercenary than other men;
but it is extremely unfortunate for you
that you are a poor fellow, without
I took a roll of bills from my pocket.
Part of it was the remnant of what I
had received from Deacon llallock;
with this was five hundred dollars
more that generous Le Fevre had
handed me at Donaldsonville, merely
saying: "We may be separated. Take
it, till you can repay me."
I handed one hundred dollars to the
lawyer. "Do your best," I said. "I
He put it in his pocket with great
complacency. "At least," said he,"l can
get you time, and embarrass the other
side. Now, put everything" in my hands.
Don't open your mouth without my
permission. You've admitted nothing',
so far, and I don't mean you shall."
liack in the courtroom, my counsel
was on his feet, and addressed the
judge like a pugnacious terrier.
"Your honor, my young client here
pleads not guilty to this charge. lie
admits nothing whatever, and requires
that everything shall be proved. The
statement that he made to your honor
is true in every particular. We deny
that this lady is or ever was a slave.
She is the daughter of the late Pierce
Bostock, reared in his family from in
fancy, both here and in Mississippi,
and always treated and acknowledged
as a daughter. If there is the slight
est evidence to the contrary we shall
produce a cloud of witnesses from the
parish of La Fourche interior, and
from the vicinity of Vicksburg.
While I am led to believe that there is
some evidence that the complainant is
the son of the deceased, we give no
tice that the most positive proof of
that fact will be required in the case
of a man who was disowned by his
reputed father from the time he ar
rived at his majority, and who is
known as one of the worst blacklegs
along the river."
"I'll call you to account for that!"
the person referred to furiously ex
"Whenever you please, sir!" my bel
ligerent champion retorted, with out
"Order!" said the judge. "No person
"I don't want to be personal," con
tinued my counsel. "Yet it is a fact
that the complainant was put ashore
from a steamboat below Vicksburg last
June for cheating at cards."
"That's so," somebody in the crowd
exclaimed. "I was there."
"If the court please," said the oppo
site lawyer, jumping l up, "what has all
this to do with the accusation here?"
"Very little," said the judge.
"Make your statetnent pertinent, Mr.
"I was merely warning the com
plainant that he will have no cay
tuuu in pftfyjag tiittt -jiv owjjp ituy
..lave. And your honor will sec the i
immense importance of this investiga- i
tion Not only does it affect the right 1
of this lady to her freedom—and I use I
the word lady in the highest sense
that can be given it—but the evidence
taken here will be used in another ,
tribunal, in establishing the disputed
(question of heirship to the large lk>s- :
tock estates. It will be a long and
complicated investigation, and I shall I
see that the rights of both these inter
esting young people are most fully !
protected. We ask an adjournment j
of one week; that the defendant be
admitted to bail, and that the court
will commit this lady to the care of
my family ponding the examination.
I pledge my word that she shall be
here on the adjourned day."
"1 object," said the other lawyer.
"We can prove our case in five min
"Indeed!" sneered my champion. "I
don't think the unsupported word of
a professional gambler, and the party
in interest, as to Pierce Bostock's
statements to him, will have control
ing weight against the proof I shall
"We will by the prisoner that
Pierce Bostock admitted and confessed
to him everything we claim."
"No you won't. Because he is under
accusation, he will not be permitted or
required to testify at all."
"We will prove it by the girl."
A smile flitted over the judge's face.
Lawyer Garnett laughed aloud.
"Worse and worse! According to
your own theory and complaint, the
lady is a slave, and by the law of
Louisiana can't be a witness. Who
else would you like to call?"
"We will prove it by Washington Le
Fevre, the late Mr. Bostock's over
" You couldn't prove anything to your
advantage by him. if you could bring
him here, as you can't. Re is at the
bottom of the Mississippi."
Conrad's lawyer began to fidget about
and his client looked troubled. After
whispering together, the former said:
"We shall be able to prove all we
allege, your honor; but the evidence is
not at hand to-day We consent to a
postponement, and we shall be entirely i
ready In the meantime, we insist
that both the prisoner and the girl
shall be committed to the parish
My counsel was promptly on his feet
to protest; but the judge told him that
it was unnecessary for him to be heard
"This postponement will be or
dered," he said. "As for the custody
of the prisoner, and the female whose
legal status is so strangely in contro
A note was at this instant handed
him by an attendant. I learned after
ward that it was addressed to the
judge, with the words in the corner,
"please read immediately."
He checked his remarks, and read it.
"This is most extraordinary," he
said. "This case is filled with sur
prises. Let the people make room
there, and admit this gentleman."
I had not the slightest premonition
of what was about to happen. My eyes
were fixed upon the crowd, and as the
people slowly parted and made way I
saw a man come forward. My heart
gave a bound. It was Alfred Dorion.
fTO BE COSTTSriD.]
FROGS AND WASPS.
The Former Eat the Latter and Seem to
Enjoy Them Very Much.
Some time ago I discovered, acci
dentally, that frogs are voracious eat
ers of wasps. I have in my garden a
tank for watering, with an island of
rockwork, which is a favorite haunt of
the frogs, writes R. E. Bartlett in the
London Spectator. The wasps just now
are carrying on a raid against my fruit,
and when I wish to gratify at once my
revenge and my frogs I catch a ma
rauder between a post card and an in
verted wine glass, carry him off to the
tank, wet his wings to prevent his fly
ing, and set him on the rockwork be
fore the frogs.
After a moment's pause a frog ad
vances, and in an instant the wasp has
disappeared, drawn into the frog's
mouth by' a single dart of his long
tongue. Occasionally the wasp reap
pears, wholly or partially, having made
It unpleasant for the frog, but he is al
most always swallowed in the end.
Usually convulsive movements may be
noticed in the frog's throat and body,
as though the process of deglutition
were not quite easy; but that they like
the diet is evident from the fact that a
single smallish frog has been known
to take three wasps one after another.
Indeed, it is remarkable what very
small frogs, quite infants, will swallow
a wasp with avidity. One afternoon
a tiny frog swallowed a full-grown
wasp, when a big relative went for him
quite savagely, like a big schoolboy
thrashing a small one for presuming
to be helped before him.
Pathetic Instances of the Child's Instinct
Mrs. Molesworth, who writes 'a mov
ing article in Woman's Work, concern
ing the necessity of obtaining "fun,
food and fresh air" for all classes of
children, says that there are among
London's poor thousands of little ones
who never had a toy.
Yet still the child's instinct to "make
believe" surmounts every practical ob
stacle. and there is a true story of one
little sufferer from a chronic disease
whose only plaything were the spots
of damp on the wall beside her bed.
She played they were real and alive;
she gave them names and imaginary
Another true story showed how far
the little candle of a wise and loving
word may throw its beams. A teacher
at a Sunday school for London's poor
was trying to impress upon her little
pupils some idea of the real meaning
"Whateverit may be," she said, "our
offering to God should be of our best,
of what we prize most."
In one baby heart her words found
ready response. Next day a little
creature confided her offering to the
teacher; it was a carefully tied pack
age, containing a few grains of rice.
This was her most precious and per
haps her only treasure.
Worked llair a l>ay.
The people of Manitou were enter
tained the other day, says a corre
spondent of the Denver Republican,
by the spectacle of a man carrying a
stone around a triangular track, letting
it drop and shouldering it again at
every turn. The performer was a man
who has a reputation for a disinclina
tion to labor, and the incident was the
outcome of a wail he was making
about the hard times and his inability
to get work. A citizen told him he
would not work if he got a chance, and
offered him fifty cents an hour as long
as he would carry the stone. To the
surprise of all ho accepted the offer
and held out for five Hours. A large
crowd gathered to watch the perform
Some of the women in China hare a
curious profession. They visit various
houses and retail gossip at so much aJ)
hour. If the hostess be especially
pleased with the information thus im
parted she makes the lady a present in
addition to the regulation charge.
Many of these gentle gossips are
bright and witty talkers, and by keep
ing themselves well posted in the local
ucvb earn iacwaes*
STONE FOR MACADAMIZING.
Ideal and Real Shapes and Sixes Break
lug the Stone for Road Purpose* Pic
ture of a Simple Crusher.
An important Item in the making of
a macadam road is the obtaining of
broken stone of suitable quality and
size. It should have careful considera
tion, since it relates to the wearing
surface of the roadway, and upon the
quality of the stone used will largely
depend the life of the macadam crust
and its smoothness. A hard stone
should be used; not hard in the sense
that it is brittle, for many brittle
stones are quite unfit for use as road
metal, but rather stone of a tough
texture, such as will resist the abrasion
of wheel tires and the crushing force of
Trap rock is generally regarded as
excellent. As commonly found It
breaks in the crusher with a loud,
snapping noise which suggests great
resistance, and if properly handled it
is easily broken by machinery to a
fairly uniform size.
Limestones are both good and bad.
The softer limestones wear rapidly,
form a road on which mud quickly col
lects, and roads of softer limestone
yield readily to the action of the
U>EAJL BHAJES SIZES.
Bough, cubical pieces of stone broken by band.
These are the shapes and sizes which road
makers seek to obtain, but they are rarely
found in the everyday stone heap
weather. The upland or mountain
limestones, on the other hand, are fre
quently well adapted for use as road
metaL They bind quickly anil make a
smooth and durable roadway. The
rubbing and wearing of limestones
form a dust which, when wet, becomes
a sort of mortar, filling the little spaces
between the pieces of stone and con
solidating the entire roadway into a
solid and sometimes into a durable
crust. Some of the best limestones are
found in the Devonian and the older
Granite is generally inferior because
of excessive brittleness due to the
feldspar contained in it: but syenitic
granite often makes an excellent road
Sandstones are generally inferior;
but some sandstones contain iron,
which hardens and toughens them, and
in these eceptional cases sandstones
may be used to advantage.
Field Stone and Jliver Stone. The
construction of a macadam road in any
given locality generally involves the
use of material found near at hand, and
where a local quarry docs not exist,
field stone and stone gathered
from the beds of rivers and small
streams may be made to serve every
purpose. Many of the stones and
bowlders thus obtained are of trap
REAL SHAPE* AND SIZES.
Irregular pieces of machine-broken stone
drawn from actual specimens taken *t ran
dom from a stone heap. These pieces, by
their rough surfaces, show the impossibility
of obtaining straight lines of fracture or regu
lar shaped pieces by the ordinary process of
crushing stone for road making
rock, and in general it may be said
that all hard field stones and river
stones if broken'to a proper size, will
make fairly good and sometimes very
excellent road metal. No elaborate
test is required to determine the hard
ness of any given specimen. A steel
hammer in the hand 9 of an intelligent
workman will reveal in a general way
the relative degree of toughness of two
or more pieces of reck. Field stone and
river stone offer an additional advan
tage in that they are quickly handled,
are generally of convenient size, and
are more readily broken either by hand
or by machine than most varieties of
rock which are quarried in the usual
Breaking the Sto'ae. It if a simple
task to break stone for macadam road
ways, and by the aid of modern inven
tions it can be don© cheaply and quick
ly Hand broken stone is fairly out of
date and Is rarely used in America where
any considerable amount of work Is to
be undertaken. Stone may be broken
by hand at different points aloujf the
roadside where repairs are needed from
time to time, and by criminals confined
in penal institutions who could not be
otherwise profitably employed; but the
extra cost of production by this method
forbids its being carried on where ex
tended work is undertaken. Hand
broken stone is generally more uniform
in size, more nearly cubical in shape
and has sharper angles than that
broken by machine and is undoubtedly
mr in • t*e flssi mat &
Breaking ordinary field »toao with a ")art"
•uperior to the machine made road
metal; but the latter, when properly
assorted or screened, has been found to
jpaet crciy requirement In breaking
by hand two sieel-fac«d hammers ol
different weights are used. On#,
weighing from five to but pounds, la
used for sledging the bowlders and
large pieces into smaller sizes, and the
other, a small steel-faced hammer
weighing about one pound and having
a strong flexible handle, is used for
breaking the stones into proper size for
use oo the road. In breaking by hand
a skilled laborer will break from one
half a cubic yard to three or fonr cubic
yard* per day, according to the skill of
the workman and the toughness of the
stone. Of the toughest stone one-half
a cubic yard will sometimes supply a
full day's work; but ordinarily stones
will be broken at the rate of one to one
and one-half cubic yards per day.
Limestones break somewhat - more
readily, and may be turned out at the
rate of two cubic yards per day, while
field stone and river stone, when found
in convenient sizes, can be broken by
hand at the rate of two and one-half to
four cubic yards per day.—Good Road*
A WONDERFUL ROAD.
W l» Sandstone Around the Side* of
Scientific men have got so that they
are not surprised at anything from
anyone. If a man were to say he had
discovered a road that led into the cen
ter of the earth from somewhere in the
Superstitious mountains most archaeolo
gists would immediately go and inves
tigate, and it is possible they would
find the report true. They would
never think of the incredibility of
the story because so many strange
things are turning np every day that *
anything seems possible in that strango
The most recent researches have
caused many to believe that the pre
historic tribes of Arizona and Mexico
were closely connected with the ancient
Phoenicians. Indeed it seems to be
a positive fact that the strange people
who so long ago occupied a large por
tion of our country were direct de
scendants of those great travelers of
the past. Evidence to prove this does
not seem to be lacking, but there are
also many things to make the matter
most confusing. One of these is a moun
tain that has had roads cut on its sides
like the tower of Babel. Whether or
not it was done by people who had
heard of or seen the original must al
ways remain a mystery. But it is a
most Interesting curiosity and will no
doubt throw light upon many things
when It has been more carefully ex
j Cattlemen and miners hare known
I of ita axistence for years, but of course
! did not examine it for the benefit of
i science. The first photographs of the
mountain were taken a few weeks ago
by E. T. Colton, of Los Angeles, and it
is likely that a careful exploration will
Boon be made.
The mountain is situated about fif
teen miles from Tumacacori, but so
near the international line that it is
not known positively whether it is in
Arizona or Mexico; but Mr. Colton was
of the opinion that it was United States
, Miners have always called it Babel
mountain and it is a most appropriate
name. It is of a soft sandstone and
pumice formation, and the work of
making the road was not a difficult
The road commences in a canyon of
I the foothills and rises at an easy grade,
1 corkscrew fashion, going around the
mountain fourteen times before the
summit is reached. The road is about
fifty feet wide when it starts at th«
base and gradually get smaller u&til it
is only ten feet at the top.
I In many places the road has been
washed out by the storms of years, but
it is still possible to take a horse to the
1 top In many places where the sides
overhang a- little, the mark of the
builder's pick can be plainly seen on
the wall of rock,
j To ascend the mountain a person
must follow the road, and this is a two
days' task, as it is about thirty miles,
as near as can be calculated without
actual measurement. The lowest road
is a little over three miles long when it
goes around the mountain once. How
ever, this is very irregular and goes
around several spurs of the mountain.
The roughness of the road is indes
cribable, and a horse is of no use for a
> week after the trip The top of the
mountain is about f>even thousand feet
above the plain.
There is nothing at the top, and the
adventurer wonders when he gets there
what the road was built for.
National Road System.
The high point to bo aimed at in high
way improvement is the recognition of
the importance of the whole situation
by the national government, and the
establishment by congress of a nation
al system.—Col- Albert A. Pope
A VIVISECTOR IN AFRICA.
How a Scientific Gent Wu» Ocupotled of
Fiv« Thousand Dollars.
One of tho most curious expeditions
ever planned by man was that once
undertaken by Dr. J. G. Hunting, of
Portland, says the Lewiston (Me.)
Journal. During all his life he had
been a close student of the philosophy
of digestion, and for the purpose of his
investigations he had that remarkable
Canadian, Alexis St. Martin, in his
care for twenty years. In order to
clinch matters and provide facts for
some of the doubting Thomases Dr.
Bunting cast about for some one else
upon whom he might continue to ex
He could think of but one plan, and
that was to go Into Africa, buy two
slaves, and operate upon their stom
achs. By opening the body near the
fifth rib and perforating the stomach
a condition could be produced similar
to that existing in the person of St.
Martin. Therefore the doctor pur
chased his supplies nnd sailed across
to Tunis In the north of Africa. There
he hired a native chief with forty of
his followers, paying them a liberal
retaining fee and promising them al
luring largess when the trip should be
ended. They set forth. The doctor
carried one thousand pounds in his in
side pocket, and the chief probably lay
awake four nights thinking about the
matter. . ,
At any rate, on the fifth night he
sneaked into the doctor's tent and de
livered a little address over the muz
zles of two pistols. When he had con
cluded the doctor passed over his
ducats and the chief passed over the
border along with his renegade band.
They helped themselves to such sup
plies as suited their artless and unen
lightened tastes. The doctor came
back without a retinue and with a deal
of experience that will never appear
in a medical work.
Mr. Parvenu (to his wife who has just
.returned from the seaside) —Well, did
you make an impression on s'ciety, my
Mrs. Parvenu—lMdn't I. though?
Wore my diamonds down to breakfast
every raornin' an' not another woman
in the hotel had any on.—Chicago Rec
Not Her Fanlt.
Jennie—Hasn't Gus Clamwhooper
Fannie—Not yet. He hasn't even
kissed me, and 1 have accidentally met
him six different times in the dark
hallway. I can't do any more than
that, can I?—Texaß Siftlngs.
An Incomplete Sale.
Mrs. Rifter—l ordered u piece of
dress-goods here yesterday, and I wish
to know if it has been cut yet.
Floor-Walker (after investigation)—
i No, ma'am, it has uot; the salesman
. j said you hadn't beea io 7®*