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rjbj 11 30
Our ir*j»rin«r goods which comprises the latest novelties at
tainable, in Foreign ami Domestic markets,
H ATV K A. R HIV KD.
As it is a consideration of all gentlemen who desire to
dress well, what to wear lor Spring, and where he shall pur
chase, we invite yon to inspect our immense stock, and you can
readily select some thing uitablo.
S<'<' Our \\ inflow Display.
THE VERY PEOPLE WHO;
HAV£ THE LEAST MONEY j Are your wages small.
TO SPEND ARE THE ONES! Ar " " ,e hw ' "
CUR KtUABLE CLOTHING j " Vu|i u|ls
REANS MOST TO ;
With IIOIIM* rent'a drag on you'.'
Low prices f«»r honest, long-wearing C'lotliirg will be a
boon to ycur pocket-book and your bacu.
(it-t an 11on-clad Cloth iSuit at sl2. Strongest AU-Wo
Suit we know of. Nobody 'l-c sells it.
(ietJ. N I'ATTKL'SOX'S Cloth Suit at sl<>. For dress
atid everyday wear combined it's wonderful value.
No ru.atter how fine a suit you want lor dress or business
we have tlint at a low price.
There is no oi «*u question about I'oys' Clothing. >Ve are
not only pioreers, but to day's leaders in styles and qualities
highest excellence and lowest pries.
hememl»er the place.
J. N. PATTERSON'S.
One Price Clothing House,
185<> K»tabli«lied 1850
No 19, North Main St., BTJTLER,IP A.,
ID K A LE R IN
Spectacles, &c M &c.
Society Emblems of all Descriptions.
Repairing in all'branches skillfully done and warranted.
1850 ESTABLISHED 1850
1881) SUMMER 1889
We are now ready for
having in stock a splendid assortment ol
FINE DRESS GOODS,
MEDIUM DRESS GOODS,
LOW PRICED DRESS GOODS,
consisting of all the new things for summer wear, with the
very latest things in trimmings to match.
Oil cloths, mattings, linoleums, rugs, stair rods, curtain poles,
lace curtains, blinds and scrims at lower prices
than ever l>eforc offered.
We carry a full line of all the standard domestic goods in
twilled and plain sheeting, pillow casing, ginghams, prints,
tickings and all kinds of house furnishing goods.
hi vi: its
will learn by examination that it always p>" them to do their
BITTER & RALSTON'S.
We must confess ourselves completely Aurprised at the wuy our goods
have been selling. On the fitli wo opened tho largest stock wo hud ever
brought to Baiter. On the '2oth our shelves were as bare as Mother Hub
bard's celebrated cupboard, and necessitated an entire re stocking at once.
To-iuoriow we open the fresh lot. and there is nothing of the showman's
Ulk about in our warning you to come at once; it is the truth, from tho way
our goods ure selling. \\ hether wo sell because of cheapness, or (|tiality of
(rood*; whether because of the quantity to select from or tho knowing how
to4vit cu.nnitirtii: whether from eny or all of the in, is for your eyes and
judgment to decide —that we do Ihr business is not doubted.
Jusl a moment for a word or two on our latest novelties. Tho newest
thing in dress trimmings is the Surah Sash, very wide, and very handsome.
We have a fine stock, at moderate prices. Thoy are beautiful.
Dirmoire Hats are beiug worn u great deal, and they are very becom
ing to almost any face and figure. Our stock is unsurpassed and would cer
tainly suit the tastes of the most fastidious.
Our Gimp and Laces for dress trimmings are quite in keeping with the
extent of our stock in other lines. Wo have everything worth showing
The price, too, is what tell*. While never for a moment sacrificing quality
t<* cheapness, (tor our reputation is built on this very thing) we endeavor to
f uj.pl j the best in the market at tho moat, reasonable price. Remember that
Miss M. H. Gilkey,
THK LEADING MILLINER,
NO. Ot» is. MAIN IST, BUTLER, PA
THE BUTLER CITIZEN.
n It. Ha
BALL ottlt Complete
J_iv/ \ Vlt&oit It.
W \\ Sprains, Strains
© W Bruises, Wounds.
Z y o ',i tnj [trucj'tU a'id DtalOl
* (JC? ThcChas! A. Vcgeler Co.. Ba!to.,Md.
Tor fare oF
THE CHAS-A-VD stiER CD'BAUD'MD
INDIANA NORMAL SCHOOL,
Indiana is as( hoot abreast of «lie times. No
efforts an- Ix-iny spared to mike It the leading
proicsblonal training school In the country.
The faculty Is composed <»f members who are
specialist"as teachers and scholars in tlielr re
spective departments. 1 Here are also college
preparatory, commercial, and musical depart
ments. ' Z \ s>TDKIt Ph.B.. Prlar'pal.
Curry Business College.
CI KKV UNIVERSITY,
SIXTH STKKKT. PITTSBI lUi.
The best Equipped and most successful Busi
ness College in Penn'a. Individual instruction
for even'student from !• A.M. till 4 I'. M.. and
from T till 10 P.M. Actual Business Practice
and Practical Banking are Specialties. The best
advantages in Shorthand and Type-writing.
The I ulversity also sustains full regular cour
ses of Studi in the Classical. Scientltlc, Semina
ry. Normal. Music and Elocutionary Depart
ments. correspondence solicited. Send foi
JMEfi CI.AIIK W 11,1.1 A MS, A. M . Pri st.
II Irani. <>. Thorough Classical. Philosophical
and Scientllic courses. Also a Biblical course
and a years' course especially to prepare
Teachers for their work. Much attention given
to preparatory studies. New and commodious
buildings. Kmc Ladies' Hall under care of
l.adv Principal. Location high and very health
ful." No saloons. Expenses very low. Next
term begins Sept. 17, lssit. For catalogue and
E. V. ZOIXARS. President.
Washington & Jefferson
College, Washington, Penn'a.
The Kith year begins Sept. 11. Clastcal, Scien
tllic and Preparatory Departments. For Infor
mation concerning Preparatory Department ap
ply to PKOF. .1. AHOI.PII St'IIMITZ, l'rln:. tor
Catalogue ur other information to I'KKST
young girls and young ladies. Beaver, Pa. Most
fully equipped Ladles and Music School In
Western Penn'a. Thirty-fifth year and no
death, Healthful and beautiful location. Pop
ular rates. Only tlftv boarders received. Send
for catalogue. B. T. TAYLOR. Pres.
TWO CHOICE SCHOOLS.
For Gil ia unu • uuny I.UMIWVI |
For Boys and Young Men.
SWITHIN C. SHORTLIDGE, A M
MEDIA, PA., (Near Philadelphia.)
J. E. Kastor,
Practical Slate Roofer.
Ornamental and Plain Slating
Of all kinds done on short notice.
Ollice with W. 11. Morris No.
7, N. Main St,, Residence
North Elm street.
VV. ft USIHING, I'rop'r
STAIII.IXi I> COM NKCTION.
HAMPI.K BOOH fur COMMKRCIAL TRAVELERS
SAM PL H ROOM. LIVERY IN CONNECTION
(Strictly First Class.)
HENRY L. BECK, Puoh KS.
J. 11. FATBF.r,, Manager. ltutler, Pa.
Diamond : - : Hotel,
Fronting Diamond, liutler, Pa.
THOMAS W'ASSON. Pro't.
tlood rooms, good meals, stabling in con
nection, everything first class.
No. 88 and 90, S. Main St.,
BUTLER, - -
Near New Court House- formerly Donaldson
Mouse—good accommodations tor travelers,
liuod Mauling connected.
U-9-K6-lyi ii KITKNMUI LKR, Prop'r.
85 N. McKKAN ST., UUTLEK, PA.
Meals at all hours. Open ail night.
BrcaUusl 2S cents.
Supper :v. cents,
Uidglng jr, cents,
SIMEON NIXON - - PIIOP'U.
JOHN R. & A. MURDOCH,
K Bmit!»n«*lfl street, for Trees. Beeds. Lilies,
umjMt vinf% Hard> Kones, Canary liirtlH.oold
Descriptive Fall ratalouico Dialled free.
I:n if. wher. Nt Chicago, will find it on fi'cit
- LORD & THOMAS.
Mrs. Maybrick's Case.
Mrs. Maybrick, who was lound guilty of
poisoning her husband and sentenced to
death at Liverpool, England, last Wednes
day, lias broken down under the great
strain to which she has b«-eii subjected for
days past, and is said to be seriously ill
A memorial to the Government in be
half of Mrs. Maybrick has been signed by
most of the 1 arristers and solicitors of the
Liverpool circuit. The memorial asks •
that the prisoner lie reprieved on the
ground of the conflicting nature of the
medical evidence given at her trial A
similar petition is beiug circulated among
the merchants and brokers end is receiving
many signatures. There is a general fcr
ment throughout the country against the
Mrs. Florence Maybrick was the daugh
ter of Carrie E. nolbrook, of New York,
and William S. Chandler, the son of a
well known Mobile lawyer. The couple
met in Mobile in 1850. and were married
soon afterward. They lived in good style
in Mobile until shortly afteT the breaking
out of the war. when one Capt. Du Harry
turned up. and received attentions from
Mrs. Chandler that gave rise to some gos
sip. Soon afterward Mr. Chandler sud
denly sickened and died under circum
stances that aroused such unpleasant talk
that Mrs. Chandler, although not molest
ed by the authorities, left the place and
went to Macon, where she married Du
Barry. When he started for Europe as an
agent of the Confederate Government she
accompanied him; two days out, he siek
ened and died. The Captain wanted to re
turn with the body, but Mrs. Dußarry in
sisted that the bodv be buried at sea. A
year or two later Mrs. Dußarry appeared
in New York and was involved in a scan
dal with an actor. Her life after that is
uncertain. She married a Baron von
Roque, of the German army, who is said
to have boaten her, and she is said to have
left him to act as wife to an attachee ol
the British Legation in Persia. At pres
ent. however, she lives in Paris aud keeps
the name von Roque.
Florence Chandler met James Maybrick,
a Liverpool cotton broker, while on her
way from this country with her mother.
Maybrick was 40 and she 18, but she con
sented to marry him after his ardent woo
ing. and they- were married in St. James'
Church, Pieadilly, London. The bride
had some SO,OOO a year in her own right,
inherited from her father, and Maybrick
owned Battlecrease House, a fine residence
in Grassendale a suburb of Liverpool.
There they settled down and were soon
deeply in the social swim of that city.
Mrs. Maybrick was not very pretty, but
she was bright and charming and became
Two children were born to the couple,
and it is to the fact that one of these drop
ped a letter into the mud that Mrs. May
brick owes her present position. The
child, a baby, was out with its nurse for an
airing. The letter was one that Mrs.
Maybrick had giveu to the nurse to be
mailed. The baby dropped it into the
street, and the envelope was so soiled that
the nurse took it off, intending to put it
in a fresh envelope, re-address it to "A.
Brierly, Esq., Iluskisson street. Liver
pool," and mail it. Incidentally she read
tiie letter, which was'as follows:
"DEAREST—Your letter under cover to
G. came to hand just after I gave them for
j ,a (iv. ■Monday. I did not expect to hear
from you so soon, and delay occurred in
giving him the necessary instructions.
"Since my return I have been musing
all day and night. He is sick unto death.
The doctors held a consultation yesterday.
Now all depends on how long his strength
will hold out. Both my brothers-in-law
are here, and they are terribly anxious.
1 cannot answer your letter fully to-day,
darling, but relieve your mind of
all fear of iliscoccry tioir or in the future.
He has been delirious since Sunday, anil t
know he is iqnorant of everything, even of
the name of the street', also that he has
not been malcing any inquiries vhaterer.
The tale he told me was a mere fabrica
tion, and only intended to frighten the
truth out of me. In fact, he believes my
statement, although he will not admit it.
"You need not, therefore, go abroad on
this ground, dearest; but in any case
please ilon't leave England until 1 hare
seen you once again. You must feel that
those letters of mine were written under
circumstances which must even excuse
their injustice in your eyes. Do you sup
pose I could act as I am doing, if I mere
ly felt what I inferred ? If you wish to
write to me about anything do so, as all
letters pass through my bauds at present.
"Excuse the scrawl, my darling, but 1
dare not leave this room for moment, aud
I do not know when I shall able to write
to you again. In haste, your own,
The italics show where the words in the
letter were underscored. The nurse maid,
after rending tho note, decided not to send
it after all, but gave it instead to Edwin
Maybrick, a brother of James. James
Maybrick died soon after this, but his
brothers kept the matter quiet until after
the funeral. Then they had Mrs. May
brick arrested, pending an inquest. She
became very sick at once, and it was al
leged that she was soon to become a moth
er. It was known that she lived apart
from her husband for two years.
Brierly was a wealthy Liverpool cotton
dealer, IIS years old, and very plain look
ing. He had been called to Mr. Maybrick's
house on business, and had there met Mrs.
Maybrick. Their acquaintance lasted for
about one year when Mr. Maybrick died.
These facts, with others developed on the
inquest, led to Mrs. Maybrick being held
on a formal charge of murder. At first her
arrest was generally denounced as an out
rage, but as the evidence upon which the
police acted leaked out, public opinion
changed, and was much against her at the
al, which began on Wednesday of last
week. Sir Charles Russell was counsel for
Mrs. Maybrick, and public interest in the
ca.su exceeded that'iu any trial of recent
years in Great Britain.
The prosecution presented a mass of ex
pert evidence to prove that Mr. Maybrick
died of arsenical poisoning. Michael May
brick, widely known as Stephen Adams,
author of "Nancy Lee" and other popular
songs, a brother of the dead man, testified
that James Maybrick had complained to
him in London of feeling unwell, anil had
soon after written that he was much worse.
Michael went to Liverpool, and found his
brother in bed, attended by a nurse and
Mrs. Maybrick. He told Mrs. Maybrick
lie believed that his brother was not being
properly treated, and employed other doc
tors and a new nurse On account of some
things tho nurse told him he removed from
the room a bottle of brandy and some meat
extract for tho patient's use, aud gave
them to a doctor. He detected Mrs. May
brick changing medicine from one bottle
to another, and in other actions that lie
believed were suspicious. She was still al
lowed to wait on the sick man, however.
On Friday tho patient became much
worse aud died next day. A nurse gave to
Michael some packages of arsenic labeled
poison aud some fly-paper that she hud
found in the house. Several nurses cor
roborated the testimony as to Mrs. May
brick's suspicious actions in the sick-room.
BUTLER, ['A., FRIDAY, AI G' ST 10, 1880-
Testimony was adduced to show that
Mr Majbriek anil his wife had lived un
happily some time and had frequently
(juarreled. One witness had heard Ui -
Maybrick say she would "make it hot for
Mrs. Maybrick retained her composure
throughout the presentation of all thi.s ev
idence. and until Edward Davis, a famous |
analvist and chemist, after testifying as to
the results of his examination of Mr. May
brick's stomach, produced a dressing gown
which had been the property of Mrs. May
brick, and swore that he had found on it '
spots .such as arsenic would make, and had
also found traces of arsenic in the pockets.
Mr>. Maybrick was thrown into a state of
great mental excitement by this.and seem
ed about to swoon several times while the
testimony was beiug taken.
Sir Charles Russell made a great plea ,
for the defense in opening, and this, with ]
other things, effected some change in pub !
lie sentiment, so that the witnesses for the
prosecution were hissed on their way to
court and had to have police protection.
Nicholas. Batcson, of Norfolk. Va., and
Thomas Stanton, a negro who had been
valet to Mr Maybrick in this country, tes
tified that he was at that time a confirmed
arsenic er.ter. This was corroborated by
Liverpool witnesses who had sold him the
drug, and to whom he had talked about
his nse of them. It was also testified that
Mr. Maybrick was l'ond of dosing himself
with other drugs for imagined ailments,
and that he would sometimes take double
doses of medicine given to him by doctors.
Medical experts testified that the symp
toms in Mr. Maybrick's case were those of
gastro enteritis more than of arsenical poi
soning. A drnggist testified that it was a
common practice for ladies to buy fly-pa
per with which to prepare a mixture for
How Sal Disgraced the Family.
A traveler in the State of Illinois, some
years ago, came to a lone log hnt on the
prairie, near Cairo, and there halted, lie
went into the house of logs. It was
wretched affair, with an empty packing
box tor a table, while two or three old
chairs and disabled stools graced the recep
tion room,the dark walls of which were fur
ther ornamented by a display of dirty tin
ware and a broken delf article or two. The
woman was crying in one corner, and the
man with tears in his eyes and a pipe in
his month sat on a stool, with
dirty arms resting on his knees, and
his sorrowful-looking head supported by
the palm of his hands. Not a word greet
ed the interloper. "Well," ho said, "you
seem to be in awful trouble here, what's
upf" "Oh, we are most erased, neighbor,'.'
said the woman, ani we ain't got no pa
tience to see folks now." 'That's all right,'
said the visitor, not much taken aback by
this polite rebnfl"; "but can I be of any
service to you in all this trouble?" "Well,
we've lost our gal; our Sal's gone off and
left us," .said the man in tones of despair.
"Ah, do you know what induced her to
leave yon?" remarked the new arrival.
"We can't say, stranger, as how's she's so
far lost as to be induced; but then she's
gone and disgraced us," remarked the af
fected father. "Yes, neighbor, and not as
I should say it as her mother, but there
warn't a pootier gal in the west than our
Sal; she's gone and brought ruin on us and
on her own head now," followed the strick
en mother. "Who has she gone with?" ask
ed the visitor. ' Who has she gone with?'
"Well, there's the trouble. The gal could
have done well, and might have married
Martin Kehoe, a capital shoemaker, who
although he's got but one eye, plays the
flute in a lively manner, and earns a good
living. Then look what a life she has des
erted! She was here surrounded by all the
luxury in the country," says the father.
"Yes, who knows what poor Sal has to
eat, drink or wear, now?" groaned the old
woman. "And who is the fellow that has
taken her from you and led her into such
misery?" quothed the stranger. "Why,
she's gone off ai.d got married to a critter
called an editor, as lived in the village,
and the deuce knows how they arc to aim
The ordinary process of scraping old
paint, or burning it off, is hardly expedi
tious enough for general purposes, and is
also laborious. Soda and quicklime are
far more thorough, and the paint is more
quickly removed. The solution of half
soda and half quicklime is thus made. The
soda*is dissolved in water, the lime is then
added, and the solution can be applied
with a brush to the old paint. A few min
utes is sufficient to remove the coats of
paint, which may be washed off with hot
water. Many preparations are sold for the
removal of paint, all of them having some
basis of alkali. A paste of potash and
strong lime is far more effectual in opera
tion, and the oldest paint can be removed
by it. Afterward a coating of vinegar or
acid should be used to cleanse the surface
before repainting. One authority on the
subject recommends the gasoline lamp, a
quart of oil being sufficient to last
hours. The method is considered superior
to gas, as the flame is stronger and the
cost less, besides which the lamp can be
carried to any part, which cannot be done
conveniently with a gas jet. But the use
of flame of cither is dangerous and 13 be
avoided when possible. Many a house
has been burnt to the ground from using
jets of flame. For removing varnish,
spirits of ammonia is used, but it is a slow
process, and several applications are neces
sary. Scraping and sandpapering can be
employed; but it must be done carefully
by experienced hands, or the surface of
wood will be injured. The chemical pro
cess of removal has the advantage of leav
ing the surface in a better condition than
burning off or scraping, and for large stir
faces of paintwork is to be preferred.
According to a correspondent of the
New York k'rt niiiif Post, 11,200,000 bushels
of peanuts are consumed in this country
every year. They come chiefly from Vir
ginia and North Corolina, although Ten
nessee also produces a small crop. "Pea
nuts are planted at corn-planting time.
Each kernal produces a running vine,
like crab grass, aud each root produces
about twenty pods. When ripe, the plow
is run through the loamy soil, on a dry
day, just before frost. The nuts are dried
and shocked up like corn to keep dry be
fore housing. When marketed, they go to
a cleaner, where they are put through
steam power machines and polished, after
I which they are graded according to size
I and variety. This year there i.s but two
| thirds of a crop, and they tire higher in
| price than since 18K4. The crop begins to
come into the market about the first of
t September. The Virginia nut i.s the lar
gest and finest. The Wilmington is a
smaller sort, aud the Spanish nut, a still
smaller variety, i.s one whose kernels peel
perfectly clean, thn* making it valuable
for oonfecti >nery."
—A little girl joyfully assured her moth
er the other day that she dad found out
where they make horses. She had seen a
man finishing one. He was nailing on his
A Delayed Permission.
Detroit Free Press.]
F came upon the sod hou e about Jink
one evening as 1 was traveling "cross
ruuutry" through Western Kansas. It
was rough, low. mean anil dirty, but nev
ertheless was the abode of a live family,
the Doildsworths. as 1 found out later. I
could go no farther and so stopped, asked
for lodgings, put out my horse and sat
down to talk with my host.
"You may haf'ter sleep out ter the barn
part o' the night." he volunteered.
••Why?" I asked.
"Wa'al, young Bonus is comin' over
hyar pretty reg'lar to spark Mary, an'—"
"Oh, pa! how can you talk so!" chimed
in the buxom daughter of the family, im
mediately flouncing out of the kitchen into
the best room.
"So he is stuck on Mary?" I suggested.
"You bet he is. He's over here reg'lar.
He's a nice fellow. Bemis is.'
"What does he do?"
"Oh. he farms 'Squire Lewis' land on
shares. He ain't got much money, that's
the only thing; but I don't care. I say
they're big enough to marry when they're
old enough an.' old enough when they're
big enough, money or no money.
"Does Mary like him?"
"Yes. tolerable. She says he's kinder
bashful —not near so peart as the MJIOOI
master that's shiuin' up to Tilly Marks; but
I say she shall have Bemis as sure as my
"Well," I put in, "you had better let'em
go and marry."
That's what 1 say; but. you see. Sally,
mv wife, is dead agin it. She's awful
opinionated, Sally is, and don't use good
sense. Xow.fer me, when 1 see I'm wrong
1 always admit it and let it go; but she
won't. She just sticks and hangs and
won't gin' up. You want to be careful ol
getting in an argument with her."
1 said 1 would aud remembered the can
tiou when, after Doddsworth had gone out
to milk the cows, she approached me and
began to talk about Mary and Beniis. I
remembered what he had said. .
"I ain't got nothing against Bemis," she
admitted. "lie's a good enough boy;
rather bashful, of course, but Mary likes
"Is your husband opposed to the match?"
1 suggested, to see what she would say.
'■ol course, I don't like to talk much
about it, but he is kinder offish about it.
He's awful set, Doddsworth is. Sometimes
I think he don't use good sense. Xow,
when I see I'm wrong I'm willing to admit
it and drop the matter; but he won't. He
jest sticks and hangs aud won't give up.
He don't exactly like Bemis and he won't
give up that Mary can marry him."
Here, thought I, is a grand chance to
bring two clashing natures together and
make them work for Mary's happiness.
Mary w as already entertaining her lover in
the "best room," which was the only other
room in the house but the kitchen,in which
we sat. aud I concluded I'd please the pair
as well as surprise them, so when the hus
band came in, T addressed him;
"I was just talking to y >ur wife, Mr.
Doddsworth, and she seems perfectly will
ing to have young Bemis for a son-in-law.
Xow, you expressed the same opinion to
me a while ago, and as you are both very
liberal iu your views, win* not unite on this
"Is that so, Sally?" exclaimed the hus
band. "Be you willin'f"
"Well, 1—" she bi gau, when she caught
my eye and fraukly admitted. "Yes. 1
ain't got nothin' against him, but you was
always so obstinate that —"
"X'o, Sally, it was you that was set in
"See here," I put in, "no quarreling
now. You are agreed in this matter. Let's
break the news to the young folks."
They had no opportunity of demurring
before I opened the door leading to the
"best room." There was a sudden shuf
fling of chairs and feet as we entered, as
though the lass and lover had moved rapid
"Mar}'," said I, for I rather enjoyed the
theatrical aspect of the case, "yonr folks
are willing that you should marry this
young man if you want to. I hope you
will be happy aud prosperous."
"Say, you city dude," drawled the young
man in question, "whose funeral is this,
anyhow? Do you run this household now?
Mary and 1 don't care l'er yer blessing.
We was married by Squire Quinn last
night when the folks thought we was at
"The folks," who had been standing in
the background, somewhat awed by my
officionsness, aud myself, beat a precipi
tate retreat. Our kindness had come too
I rode on the next morning and have not
seen Bemis or the Doildsworths since.
To Restore the Freshness of
The mystery to many people how the
scourers of old clothes can make them al
most as good as new is explained in the
American Aixihj.it as follows: Take, for in
stance, a shiny old coat, vest, or pair of
pants of broadcloth, cassimere,or diagonal.
The scourer makes a strong, warm soapsuds,
aud plunges the garment into it, souses it
up and down, rubs the dirty places, if nec
essary puts it through a second suds, then
rinses it through several waters, anil hangs
it to dry on the line. When nearly dry, he
takes it iu, rolls it up for an hour or two,
aud then presses it. -An old cotton cloth
is laid on the outside of the coat, and the
iron passed over that until the wrinkles are
out; but the iron is removed before the
steam ceases to rise from the goods, elso
they would be shiny. Wrinkles that are
obstinate are removed by laying a wet
cloth over them, anil passing the iron over
that. If any shiny places are seen, they
are to be treated as the wrinkles arc; the
iron is lilted, while the full cloud of steam
rises, and brings the nap up with it. Cloth
should always have a sucls made specially
for it, as if that which has been used for
white cotton or woolen clothes, lint will
be left in the water, aud cling to the cloth.
Iu this manner we have known the same
coat and pantaloons to bo renewed time
and again, anil have all the look anil feel
of new garments. Good broadcloth and
its fellow cloths will bear many washings,
and look better every time because of
She Came Down.
"Laura," said the old man, "will you
have some tutors?"
"If you refer to the farinaceous tubers
which pertain to the solatium tuberosum,
and which are commonly known as pota
toes," replied the sweet girl graduate, "I
would bo pleased to bo helped to a modi
cum of the same. But taters? tatcrs. I'm
quite sure, papa, they are something of
which I never before bad the pleasure of
The old man pounded on the table un
til the pepper castor laj r down to rest,
and then remarked in a voice of icy calm
' Laura, will you have some of the ta
Is our boasted high school system a fail-
I ure or not,"
The Retsof Salt Mines.
The Retsof-alt mines are situated in the
southern part of th« town of York. Living
ston County, N. Y.
The name under which the work; are
conducted are is the lletsof Mining Co
This company was formed in New York
City, under 'he able management of Mr.
J. W. Foster, after whom it was named,
the name of the mine being the word "Fos
ter" spelled backward.
The great undertaking of channeling for
>alt was commenced in the fall of ISM \
whole million was expended to aceoni j
plish the work, which occupied alKHit a j
year and a half. Now, however, these
mines yield bountiful returns, being one of i
the best paying industries in the country. '
Five hundred tons are taken out daily
and sent to all parts of our Union; to the
West, for salting cattle; to the East. for.
making soda ash: to New York, for .-tatu
ary; and to many other places, for miscel
The supply seems to be inexhaustible.
It is claimed that it will la*t for a thousand :
In the vicinity of the mines a whole vil
lage of wooden huts and houses have been :
constructed, also boarding houses, stores, .
and offices have turned the once desolate
place into busy bustle. In the midst of all j
rises a huge towvr, which i* the head house
or entrance to the mines, and also serves !
as an elevator by which the salt is con
ducted into great chutes and store houses.
At the east of this tower are the boiler and
engine rooms, where twelve boilers, with a
capacity of nine hundred and sixty horse
power, furnish the force to run the power
fill machinery. To run the twenty foot
drum on which the cable is wouml requires
three hundred horse power. To run the
blower, crusher, air compressor, and elec
tro dynamo also requires powerful engine
power. Two hundred men are employed
about these mines. Most of these are
At present the mines are reached only
by one shaft, although the second shaft is
down about two hundred feet. This en
trance is a vertical shaft. 1G by 20 feet and
1,1 So feet deep. It is provided with two
cages, drawn up aud down by cables, and
these are so arranged thai when one is as
cending. the other is descending.
The sensation of descending into the
mines is somewhat peculiar. For the first
five hundred feet the descent is natural,
but for the remaining distance one seems
to lie ascending. The descent to the
mines, which are about 1,055 feet deep,
occupies about half a minute.
At present the mines are located in the
upper stratum. There are two strata of
salt, the first about 9 l'ect thick, the sec
ond, separated by 12 feet of rock, is about
00 feet thick. Excavation is commenced
on top. Then, of course, when the second
stratum is being worked, supports will be
left at different points, so that there will
be no danger.
The process of loosening the rock salt
from its firm bed is accomplished by blast
ing. Holes made into the salt with air
drills are filled with dynamite, which fs ex
ploded by electricity. Then the loose salt,
on curs holding about four tons, is drawn
to the shaft over a railroad by mules. At
present eight mules arc employed in haul
ing the salt. They are kept in tho mine
all the time, either in the stables or in the
barnyard. Nearly one hundred men are
employed in thu nuuv, cither a.-> foremen,
mule drivers, miicrs, or their assistants.
In the mine-Lfle'alr is quite pure. This
cond; f! on is tiilained by drawing out tho
foul air and forcing fresh air in. The air is
dry as well as the mine, and has a chloric
smell anil a saline taste. The temperature
is about 60° Fahr. The most noticeable
feature to a novice is its darkness and ab
solute stillness. It has a peculiar silence
of its own. All disturbances, elemental
and otherwise, which prevail in the open
air are unknown and unfelt. The nervous
person can there feel secure from the feel
ing of alarm which a thunder storm excites.
The miners use tallow candles to dispel
the depressing darkness, the foremen,
drivers, and shovelcrs use kerosene lamps,
while the poor mules have to stumble
around in the dark.
One of the strangest sight to a visitor is
the blacksmith's shop under ground. It is
a very convenient and important feature
of the niiue, however, aud Vulcan has a
busy time indeed shoeing mules and sharp
ening the miner's drills.
The mine seems to be supplied with all
modern conveniences. Among them is a
telephone where one can converse with the
superintendent above, an air whistle used
as a signal for commencing and quitting
work. There is also a system of pipes run
ning to the different chambers which sup
plies the drills with compressed air.
The largest part of the salt is of a dark
gray color, and is claimed to be purer than
that of a lighter color, being free of mag
Good Things to Know.
That ripe tomatoes will remove ink and
other stains from white cloth; also from
That a tahlespoonful of turpentine boiled
with white clothes will aid in the whiten
That fresh meat, after beginning to sour,
will sweeten if plaeed out of doors in the
cool of night.
That boiled starch i.s much improved by
the addition of a little sperm salt or gum
That milk which is turned or changed
may be sweetened and rendered fit for use
again by stirring in a little soda.
That beeswax and salt will make rusty
flat-irons as clean and smooth as glass.
Tie a lump of wax in a rag and keep it for
that purpose. When the irons are hot,
rub them first with the wax-rag, then
scour with a paper or cloth sprinkled with
That blue ointment and kerosene mixed
in equal proportions and applied to the
bedsteads is an nufailing bedbug remedy,
as a coat of whitewash is for the walls of a
Sparks and Flashes.
The riding school is a inountin' resort.
Phastt'sius says his best girl reminds
liini of a silver fork. In other words, she
is a tin(e)y thing and frequently accom
panied by a "spoon."
Nay, Reuben! When lunch is to be serv
ed in a guest's apartment, at the hotel,
custom does not require that a horse car
conductor shall be engaged to take up the
If the grass about a rural residence at
tains a considerable height and remains un
cut, it would seem tolerably safe to assume
that the owner of the premises is no mow
"Wiu-chester! Win-chester!" shouted the
brakeuian. "Thanks, but you are too late
sir," the youug lady, who with her escort,
occupied a rear seat, smilingly vouchsafed.
"Chester is alread won."
Said a maid, "I will lnarrv for lucre,"
And her scandalized ma almost shucrc;
When the chance came.
Aud she told the good dame.
1 noticed she did not rebucre.
F loating Islands.
A dispatch from a pla>in Minnisota.
announcing a- a remarkable fact the dis
covery of a flouting islitml in a mall lake
iu that State, incline- tne resident* of Pile
Co.. I'a.. to the belief that if one floating
in .. for natural curiosifU -
a- Minnesota i> considered a wonder. tb.y
have been living all their lives with a -till
greater wonder clo« i by without attaching
any great importance to it.
There i a lake about a mile from 17one*
dale which is filjed wilh floating inlands.
This lake is known locally a- Cajoh Pond
It is LltO feet above the village, and is dot
ted with a dozen or more islands. Th< se
are covered with trees, -otne of them
feet hijrli. and a dense growth of thick fo
The island bottom* are marshy, but the
soil is stiff enough to sustain easily the
weight of the fishermen who cast their
lines from the islands in the fishing season.
In the summer these little islands are a
pleasing vitiation iu the beauty ot the
scene the lake presents to the spectator .1-
he gazes upon it from the hill* that eneir
cle it. If the wind happens to be strong '
and variable,as it generally i-.a visitor who
looks upon the lake for the first time can
not help being startled to m>c these islands
moving about from one point of the com
puss to another «c< the wind <hift •On
one day these islands may bo seen huddled
together in one >pot. and on another day
perhaps they will be scattered widely
apart. An island from which the fisher
man casts his line at one end of the lake
to-day will in all probably invito him from
the other extremity to morrow.
The largest of these islands was some
years ago stationed at the lower end of the
lake, and hugged the shore there with oi.-
ly slight changes in position day in and
day out. During a stiff wind one day this
island tacked first to one side and then to
the other, moving slowly the while to the
upper end, until it was floated against the
shore at that end. It remained there fer
two or three years through some of the
hardest winds that blow off that shore.
One day while three pickerel fishermen
were fishing from the island's outer edge
it suddenly was seized with a whim induced
cd or prompted only by the gentle wind,
and before the fi.-heruicu knew they found
themselves .10 feet from the shore. The
island floated slowly ocross the lake until
it had almost reached the opposite shore,
when a counter breeze struck it and sent it
down the lake. It finally landed near
the spot where it started from and has
been there cvei since, making a trip now
and then to and fro across the lake, but
always returning to or near its old moor
Although these islands are constantly
shifting their places in the lake, they an
nually add perceptibly to their area. There
are six or eight of them, and the scientific
theory is that in time the roots of the
trees "that cover theni will extend down in
to the water so far that they will anchor
the islands in the lake, and that by the
slow but certain processes of nature they
will be increased in size until the surface
of th" lake will become >olid land.
A Millionaire's Phonetic Spell
Hundreds of people stopped Sunday in
front of an immense 12-story, .-fcsoo, O<KJ
building now in course of erection at So.
54!) Broadway, New York, to iv.il the fol
lowing inscription printed on i» "iece of
brown paper and secured to one 01 the iran
pillars with a siring:
'•He who bilds, owns and will ocupy
this marvel of brick, iron and granit, thir
teen years ago walked the streets penile*
and fifty thousand in det —only to prove
that the capitalists otto-da wer poor men
twenty years ago, and that many a fellow
facing poverty to-da ma be a capitalist a
<|iiarter of a century hene if he wil. Pluck,
adorned with ambition, backed by honor,
grit, wil always command success even
without the almity dolar. —Charles Broad
Mr. Rouss is an eccentric millionaire
who is in the wholesale auction dry goods
business. He went to New Vork from Win
chester. Va., in 19WJ, without a dollar and
heavily in debt. A keen business sense,
aided by an iudcfatigible determination
and unswerving integrity, soon resulted in
his abundant prosperity, lie is a member
of an association for the encouragement of
"1 see," lie quietly observed as he hung
the door of a tiriswold street restaurant,
"those eastern electrical experts don't
agree as to how much electricity is requir
ed to kill a man?"
'•No." dryly responded the caterer.
,- l think I could solve the question.''
"I do. I have been figuring on it. You
are probably aware that there is a certain
amount of electricity in food?"
"Especially in pancakes,scrambled eggs,
bacon and coffee. lam willing to experi
'•I'll sit down and cat until the shock
amounts to 1.500 bolts. If it kills me, all
right. If not, I'll try again."
"1 know of an easier way than that,"said
tin- caterer as he limbered up his right leg.
"The shock from this boot is exactly 1,500
bolts, (iet yonrself in position!"
"Sir, you are a greedy, grasping monop
olist, and no friend of science, and I scorn
your experiment!" exclaimed the stranger
in great indignation, and off he went to
find another victim.
An aching void—A dude's headache.
The affection which an aunt lavishes
upon a niece or nephew is a kind of anti
"Woe is me!" the student cried,
While a frown his visage marred;
"I cannot woo the muse of thought
For the mews in our back yard!''
A young lady named Key offered a look
of her hair to a gentleman whose offer of
marriage she had declined. lie replied,
with great bittterncss, that the lock would
lie useless to him without the Key.
Treatment of Patients Under
In France, when a patient is under
chloroform, ou the slightest symptom ap
pearing of failure of the heart, they turn
him nearly upside dowu, that is, with his
head downward and his heels in the air. |
This, they say, always restores him: and \
such is their faith in the efficacy of this I
method, that the operating tables in the
Paris hospitals are made so that in an in
stant they can be elevated with one end in
the air, so as to bring the patient into a
position resembling that of standing ou his
A Prize Essay on Shoomaking.
Joliet, 111., has a happy sou of Saint
Crispin in John ltyan, who recently won
the international prize of SSOO offered by a
boot and -hue journal of Boston for the
the best essay ou boot and shoe making in
all its liranchcs. Every State in the Fnion
eontestcd for the prize, together with Can
ada, New Druu wick and Suva Scotia.
Centuries ago Sam-on proposed a rid
dle— the eatlie I of which history treats—
to the Philistines, allowing them a vreelc in
which to answer it. a length of time that
wonld bar. been insufficient but for the as
- lance of Sam son's wife.
Hiram, king of Tyre, hail a mania for
cobstructing riddles, as a!so had Solomon,
and the wager of an immense -uui of money
between the two as to which con Id coo
-tmct the most perplexing one wa- won by
Archimedes, the famous mathematician
• •I'Syracuse, passed nm-tofhis leisun—to
the surprise of many of his friend* —in the
production and solving of puzzles, and his
di-'covery of how mnch alloy its maker had
mixed with the gokl in King Uiero's crown
was nothing but the solution of a puzzle.
The Greeks had a curious puzzle.
"If Achillea, racing with a turtle, gives
the reptile 100 yards -tart, and run- ten
yards while the reptile runs one. when will
he overtake it?"
Theoretically, never: as a matter of fact,
he must in course of time.
\ very perplexing question, one well
calculated to catch the wise as well as the
unwary, was that proposed to the lioman
••Why does a pail of water, with a fish
| swimming in it, weigh no more than the
: same pail of water withont the fish?"
It called forth much discussion from the
members of that augu>t Ihklv, who explain
ed the singular circumstance in different
ways to their entire satisfaction, but found
by experiment that the pail of water lid
weigh more w hen there was a live fish in it.
A precisely similar story is related in
connection with the Koyal society ol Lon
don. In this case one of the Georges, when
Prince of "Wales, proposed the puzzling
How can a window having a height equal
to it- width be made twice as large with
i out increasing its height or width?
Impossible? Oh. no. In the first in
stance it is shaped like a diamond, then it
is changed to a square.
Itachet. a French writer, furnishes the
Half of ship's crew, consisting of 30 per
sons—Christians and Turks in equal num
bers—were to be throw n overl>oard during
a gale. They consented to being placed in
a row. and every ninth persou was to be
sacrificed, counting from the tirst in the
row, round nnd round agaiu. It was de
sired to so place them that no Christian
should be a victim, and this result was ob
tained by arranging them thus:
4C.,5T.,2C., 1T..3C., IT., 1 C., 2
T., 2 C., .1 T., 1 V., 2T„ 2 C., 1 T.-N*ew
Regularity of Habit.
tine of the most difficult of all minor
habits to, acquire, says an able writer, is
that of regularity. It ranks with that of
1 order. The natural inclination of rnimt
persons is to defer until the last possible
moment, or to put off to another time,
where this can possibly lie done. Yet
: habits of regularity contribute largely to
] the ease and comfort of life. A person can
multiply his efficiency by it. We know
1 persons who have a multitude of dnties,
and who perform a vast deal of work daily,
' who set apart certain hours for given dnties
! and are there at the moment and attend
I rigidly to what is in hand. This done, and
other engagements are met, each in order,
and n vast deal accomplished,not by strain- -
i ed exertion, but by regularity. The mi-d
f can be so traiucd to this that at certain
hours in the day it will turn to a particular
line of duty, and at other hours to other
and different labors. The very diversity is
restful, when attended to in regular order,
lint let these run together, nnd the dnties
mixed, and what before was easy is now
aunoying and oppressive, nnd the exact
difference between many is at this point.
There are those who confuse and rn-h. and
attempt to do several things at once and
accomplish little, while another will quiet
ly proceed from one dnty to another, and
easily accomplish a vast amount of work.
The difference is not in the capacity of the
two. but iu the regular methods of the one,
as compared with the irregular and con
fused habits of the other.
Pekin and the Pacific.
The proposeil Siberian railway is to ex
tend from St. Petersburg to Vladivostoek
on the Pacific Ocean, which is located
nearly opposite San Francisco, and distant
therefrom about 4.000 miles. Ilranch lines
of the proposed road would extend to
Pekin. The new road would be al>out
4,500 miles in length.
General Annenkoff, who acquired so
much renown for the vigorous and success
ful manner in which he built the great
transcaspian railway, is strongly in favor
of this Siberian project, and is reported as
saying that when constructed, railway
communication between London d Pe
kin can be had iu 18 days, whereas now it
takes Ho from London ria Canadian Pacific
and 48 days ria Sues.
A Shipload of School Teachers.
The steamer Suevia recently carried
away more than 400 school teachers and
their friends from the port of New York.
Many of them were Ohio teachers, and
more than half of the number were women
who had been laying aside money for a
year to spend it iu a pleasure trip abroad.
The excursion was organized by the Cin
cinnati Teachers' Associatisn. and the
Snevia was chartered for the trip. This is
the eighth season iu which a teachers' ex;
cursion has been sent out.
Improve the Roads.
The people of this section of Pennsylva
nia would save annually many thousands
of dollars if the roads w ere put in the per
fect condition of those in some parts of
Kurope—especially iu England nnd Ger
many—uud a little judgment would make
our roads as good in a few years, without
spending scarcely any more money than is
now wasted ou them.
That Was All.
'■ls there anything more you wish me to
write about, sir?" asked the editorializer of
an opposition daily. "Have you finished
the usual article on Blaine'a resignation?"
"Yes, nir." "Then write one about the ar
rogance of Kaby McKce. and we'll go to
press."—Pittsburg i hronirlr.
—.\t this time of the j ear it is prudent
for every head of a family to provide aud
keep on hand the following Sun Cholera
mixture. Jt is "good medicine" for bowel
complaints, etc. Take equal parts of tine
turo of cayenne, tincture of opium, tinc
ture of rhubarb, essence of peppermint and
spirits of camphor, and mix well. Done,
fifteen to thirty drops iu u wine glass of
water, according to age and violence of
attack. Repeat every fifteen or tweuty
minutes until relief is obtained.
There was a little boy
Whoso name was "Quick."
lie knocked off some apples
With a stick.
The apples were so good
That be ate '-'7,
Ami now (if be was good enough)
He's iu heaven.