Butler citizen. (Butler, Pa.) 1877-1922, March 23, 1888, Image 1

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Fiftsen Pair of Blankets, at s^.
Five Fine Plti-h at $15.00. wvre #3O 00
Tore* Piush Oovs, at S2O 00. former prices, St.ooo
Two Plush Coats, at §l7 50, former prices. $35.00
20 Good Newmarkets, at $5.
16 Chita' Wraps from One Dollar to Four Dollars,
A Fi.il Line of Spring Buttors and Tiimmirgs
New Spring Goods Airiving.
lings > MIS,
a large line of
Spring and Summer Goods,
coaaislii sr of Finn Woolens UDCI Suiting which I am re ,dy to m ike up it
Garments at as reasonable price* !<;* vou vvUI lind cuyvhere and
Also e lull line of MENS'. BOYS'ami CHILDRESS'i.uty ne-d'
Clothing at
All the lattst noTfltieP for Spr!n<; r.r.d Summer in
Gents'. FurnisbiDgs, Goods,
Hats, Caps, Truuk*. Valites; ialest patterns in
Sliirts and Neckwear.
is BocmiDf? Call nr.d mnke your reieclion f'ir your Spriog
Suit from those handsome patterns I have just got in. Prices
reasonable and fit guaranteed.
Thanking my patrons for past, favors, I solicit a continuance
of the Hume.
f»4 South Main street, opposite the Posit ff.ee, Ilutlcr, Pa
A. Troutman & .
Leading Dry Goods Bouse.
A Troutman & Son.
The k«dine Pry Goods aad Car-
J-T-t Hoa*«, Butler, PA.
Xew Fall Dress Goods at prices \
which will make them move Tvry ]
We have the largest stock ever
shown in Butler c<unty, comprising
all the new goods io Checks. Stripes
• •jd Plain Weaves in Foreign aud
Black and Colored Silks,
Special Values
we have aever had such a nico as
(•jriiutot at d so n. iuy of them.
1b Fh unf-ls Blankets, Tickings,
Gincb !n«. White Quilt?, Shawls
Tabli Linens. Lace Curtains-,
id fact everything which can be
found in a
F'iist-Ckss Dry Goods Stora,
Put! '' ■
Wher ytu will fird a full line of Fine Drugs, (J h< iui< n't- 1 or
fumes and Toilet Articles. Agents for
I li
Itton .roses Dsales?,
HL&ziOy end
Ssisooi s C£gatfi'j,
Befct 5 and 10 cent Cigars iu town.
Prescriptions carefully compounded by an experienced
A our patronage respectfully solicited.
DK. D. E. WILES, Prop'r.
Gioaks and Wraps.
' for Children and L dies.
We carry the greatest variety of
styles, our stock never was ss large,
i prices never so low, goods never so
' nice.
If von want to see the nice goods,
please call and examine our stock.
Ladies', Gents', and Children's
Underwear, every grade, all sizes,
j best goods.
< Gloves, Corsets, Hosiery, Velvets,
Plushes, Yarns, etc.
j Carpets and Oil Cloths,
never had so many—never were cur
pets so cheap.
Our stock is complete Don't buy
a Carpet until vou seen our
stock. Body Bru els. Velvets, Tap
ef-ti y, 3 Ply ICitra Super, Hemp, Cot
ton and Rug Rugs
Wiud< vv Sf sdi S, largest assort
ment, lowest prices.
You will find on examination our
suck </l goods to be the Lowest
Priced in Butler county.
Wm.F. Miller.;
Mnuufitc.urer of
s[-}-aTvi yVsjln
and Nswel-posts.;
At! 1 niti ol v • eii-tiuiili:!,'dei'.e tourder,llW i
D> . oiated aiiii ' a v.-.l w«eid-v«.i k. smh a-. '
t'asiii;: ('onier 1 -;<;-. P;;i:el% HIMI all kinds ol 1
faney wood-v e,rk tor inside decoration of
Something new and attractive. AI.- J
at iowest cash prices.
Store at No. 40. \. Main -trett.
Factory at No. r-U, W:\shmgton street.
Pad Cronenwett h Co,
! i i , ; . ; p Ii - Poultry:
I I ll i-1'::l:li. .IS, S. .
. v. t i e j.
I Plymouth . • . . Toulo ise « eeae, Pelfln and
(.'rushed • ys.er shell-- r poultry tor sale at.
W. H. k P. MORBUS,
JAM***,. Br(,t ' <lers
Eggs $2 pr 13; $3 fcr 26.
For Sale.
The und; isigned A Tmi >l.s>rator of Ehenezer
Christy, i . l ite of I'ark l>vp., i.fTersal
priv.'.te v. a ' r u of 11 r aeivs. stt'Uit-' In V, asli-
Inn I\»i- ii'iti'.nl s Stat! in. It N al!
clear.-! an. i .' t ' caitlvntion, Well
v •. I.i ' i • tv: i-s rv frinie house, and
i. t ... • .-i. r: t :r>i'-.'l 'ii hnlldlnis
; i , , Ir.irloli tv/p..
n r ■ , ' . lope coal mine. wIU» rail
; .1 . . irv n . ae house,
partly cleared and \ dance v"«xl Umber.
ALSO, a fa-»a f acta in Parker twp, De
t . i !ialf e! I red
• t . : ■ , i r.p'i i a :nut
tine 11\ y•• :11 ... t;'.i no b.ai ihiMs.
All tl s and l td •; with coal,
and will he s -id c:r:ii*r lor cash or on time,
l orfurtii' r "arileulars •'iiquh? ol
< I'tiKISTT,
C2--.':m Xoi i llo','.e P. 0., Butler Co.. Pa
tC 1 i ro'tp v li 7 \ n?7 i \
Oii LiliuJlij .1 l! Att LJi
To tell Nnrterr Stock. Ptrmaait cm
jihij-m- eta 1) i_ . is >r to i; ia.: -t, eusrgetic
mcti. Yhe buM k s is easily learuet. We
grow all the r-. ; ah:e in;" vai ieties ot' Fruit
and Or: ,f i■-•.n:- I T •?»■*. U'rite «V»r terras.
IfC'M'l s, li lit > A I Ii ■ > 1.-,S,
Estahlijili .1 IST.:}. Wi-'.-i FIFERFL ER, I'A
9£ £I: J' n U
And all the other hit ■ ami beautiful styles of
Fancy Writiiii; Paptrat
J. E. Douglass'
Largest in town. From IOC to Tic per
box. Also full line of new
Invitation and Regret Cards,
Wedding Invitation-. Visiting C:ii«b, Mourning
Stationery, Tablets, etc.
M 2' Ma is
! Invito yonr inspection t>t their
i stock of FALL and WINTER
Millinery Goods.
Receiving scoods every week
their stock is always
Hotel Brady
T. W. TAIT, Prop'r.
Xew Ilotel and llestaurant oa the Diamond.
IPitler. Pa.
>lr. T. W. Tait iiaw retltted and furnished the
Brady House, cud i now prepared to accoinmo
dute OH pubite,
Ki» Pestaurant. in eonnection with the hotel
mil ne open day and The tables will I)
furnished with everything the market alfords,
Your patoinage respectfully solicited.
!R == ir n
13 § %y(j 1J c
|Lace Curtain
i We liave nov.*'.a ■- le our complete line of all ,
! !iu!;t> KIKI all :ide- of I.aee Curtains. The
most < :i.*uslvo impoM lions we nave yet
i brought ''... Tlie goo 1 1- liave all been well and
ear .follj 1.n.11 i.t. If.- ;1 :tn<l patterns are
j :;11 in alio ine '.el., lat .-;t -ilOnll stJlOS —tllU
! prie wiilch were put on v. ,ir goods were ear
: rled over, proved attractive enough to move
. t.liein fast :...d they are gtiae Only ii made
j. od reiiabl - ;,:". d's are h:n died by us. tlie ele
ga&t patteiat m< derate price* at vrfeich we
I are otterin, t iie goc.ds this ason. wtllcertainly
I inuVe this s-tle verj Intevestiug to every house
' keeper.
j in reairantringthe lurnishment of your home,
I It limy be of interest Ii) you to know that we
I have ..in, ate stock of eveothtng In the t'p
hols'ery lliie.
Large asvrftm-sit or .Nottingham curtains :w
inches wide, fio In-lies long witli taped edges, at
! <!t> cent s per pair.
i Nottingham Tap Edge Curtains, 15 inches
' .vide. 3 ya"ds lon;.r. sl.t«) jier i-alr.
| Same goods 6U indies wide, t)t yards long.
lI.U and (i.M pei pair, special values at
: 12.30. to' OU, i' 1 eo, .«l.6>>, J."> Ot* per
! Kvtcnslve assortment of scotch Out pure,
• «»K< Applique. 11 i-ai Poiul and and re: 1 lace
curi das up f siOO.iKLper.palr.
I Orde. Ie uiallr eetfe special attention. We
will s. ud :> or .; »lrs with privilege of
j lion and reiu-tlou, and will pay expressage bscl:
I en goods not itepi.
I Btyond (oiesii in. you can get now from this
I stock tlie very be.-., vale, o lound anywhere
"'his will put money In your poekct.
| All stoei tn our house are now putting On
llioir si rIL.: ■.ft ill-.
New importati as arriving daily of
Sllksy Pongeofli
| Dress ( joo(1S ?
i t t.M il AND ti'MKSTIC
Sali iii's, Aiider.soii's (ii!!«haii<s,^c
Exfonslve Steele of
j Beaded Wraps for Spring,
Jacktils, etc.
Will Irfi iea.'r s! out April ls> ml v.ill contain a
review of •ue leading Btyl< s, etc.. and much val
uable lino-. . tio:: to CM iv l.o;ae. It '..i1l
sent free to eoy -ddiv -i. Bead your name and
address on p > ;f:d.
iiSJi/JiSJii Mml Si,,
•• ~
From a Thousand Facts.
I It Is A Fret Tluxt I'! lits wi'hln
j reach I:. w r.!K\vc*i liic.r icslimoiiy to
I St. .la •..?.-s O: ; i:i it!m. »-t ev ry in
j inceit Ii:;5 ■ ii\.i jnanuitVaiv.
It fs A Fn.;t S.. 0:1 is not
| oi/v a : ii.ir ::: viv :i if
; K ii: < . .. !. a • me. It ».<>:hes and
.I. . and cures :.ti'l literally
It Is A Fao TipiiSt. Jacob* Oil in Its
i " ■ - j: . i. ■ curative lo the
v.i. : .... !■;' li,;'. n I.ni:.-er!c.- and
ii -' vuii- :: • it •«.«» and fctavs
It Is A F r.—. cit c- cry constituent of
the r:: <>t J-'r. ; •>!.-' Oil exerts
sj>c • avt: 11 in * : er.re ofj«un. Not
an c •. . ' i.:' i: I ! ' disapproved
by an !•£■>
It Is A F c! 'i"t. . .l;uiA« Oil j>cne
tnitcs ami limb the paln-ppo!, hold* on
and c:n -. It sul*l!H)**as!iy; it jiyitlw
it. ;!y. It is
the l.: l- ehcaj e ; i.
!t is A F r. . .. <■■>' the millions of
' v i 1 •<!•;!. t!ti«
ev< iiity; every
boti!.- bears t! linn'ssignature.
It Is A Fcot T5 :.t St. Jacolis 0:1 is
known th world < ,vr: cvejy tr«li
inoir.il is U'.tc: every j-n.i:t i* amazed
when wired; cv ry druggist iod ..hern
ial know- its virtues.
I! !3 l\ Fac 1 . Tli.it Sr. Jambs Oil can
bo ; •• even by srhtkl.amlastlw
best for man <>r bwst, it trill subdue
dawiecracßte pain in any form.
Sold by VrugfUti-,n.l PcaUr* Everyu.-hf.tt.
The C'liarlts A. Vogeler Co., I'ulto., lid.
f> SebeneK's
W| * * *
I * * pills,
Fur Sale by all Druggists. Price 25 cts. per l»ox;
B lx>xfs for f>s cfc-.; or aent I»y mail, postage free, on
receipt of price. Dr. J. ii. Scboock & Sou, Philad'a*
The K. liable _J* *J %
\ Hop Plaster.
1 Quickest remedy knovrn for backache and
fill fcudilon, sharp or lon« fiamting pains or weak
nesses of e* - **y kind. Virtueaol'frcsn hops, hemlock
ami pine balsam combined. It is wonderfully
Southing, Puin-Killing and Strengthening.
I No failure possible. 25c; 5 for $1 Sold every
j where or n.a!k-d fur price by the proprietors,
j HOP rrASTIJK CO., Boston^Masi^
Offcc r.t No. 4... s. Main street, ever Frank &
Co':-. DiUg Store. ISuttPr. l'A.
Att'y at T.aw— at S. E. Cor. Main St, and
l>l;:i:ioi U, Butler, Fa.
Att'y at Lav.*—Office on South side of Diamond,
Butler, Pa.
Attorney al Law. Office at No. 17, East Jel'er
-8911 St., Uuner, Pa.
i)r. S. A. JOHNSTON,
All work pertaining to the profession execut
ed m the neatest manner.
Specialties :—Gold 1' illtutrs. and Painless Ex
traction of Teeth, Vitalized Air administered.
OBU-c on .Jefferson Street, one iloor East of Lowry
House, ITp Stairs.
Office open dally, except Wednesdays and
Thur- iays. Coniinuulcations by mail receive
prompt attention.
X. 8.-Tiie only Dentist In Butler using the
liest ninkes of teeth.
Office No. 65 South Main Street,
Physician and Surgeon.
No. 10 West Cunningham St.,
r TTST IFi. Y .
0«/ W.U.DKON. ttraiinate of the I'liila
. !i\. <tc]|)i|i; . seiit.d fidlege. Is prepared
U»do aovtli'titr f.i the line ol his profession in a
i :\tf• I:)< tor\ lllnMiei .
(Mi lee oil jVaiii -Meet, P.utler, Union Block
up stairs.
J. S'XatJSK* m*B.,
Has reiuoved from Ilorinouy to Butler and has
hi- office at No.Vtiiin St.. three doors In-low
I.owiy House. apr-30-tt.
Insuranee mid Real Estate Ag't.
urniyßlcians' Mwrlptlim earetully e0..»
pouiidt li
45 S Main Street, Butler, Pa.
ff* r Sh - S'ltewarUed are those who read this
M f i t-l i »ai>d then net: they wfll llnd hoi>-
h; fp l'. r li tile ernployinent that will not
6 ; <w «t 1 1. >' ihell fi• ■ I tllllr l!oines aid
i n;. .- -. VUe ; i d,is ;ne ;:.p, • and sare for
i .u trio-'- ; »■!- n. n.;'ny "uavi; taade arm
r. now making wrenl buodrod uoihirs a
month. It;; tusy f,r any one to make $5 and
upv dtis per do.', who Is willinjr to work. Either
>e\, voi.n:; or old; i i.; ital :ot needed; we stun
yo<:. l-:\cr . tliit-, nc.v. No special ability re
•jnSrfd;you. reo.-< r, can do U uswelliis any one.
Wrl" to u.; "i : . •• tcriull partleulai's.wUlcli we
luail free. Act in.-,., -in.soii t Co., Port laud, Me.
/171! from St. Lonli Iron WoinUiin Bontf
S S6ofr"e*a ux City via MimoiiriVfcflPf tly
Tickets aro tfood fcr»:!x months,limited to sixty day»
for goiqg paasaffO wlUi otop cvor privileges at pleaa
ure vltbix: limit ot* v. pansape. Spiwial ex
ouraion trains leava et. Ix>uis via. Iron Mountain
Route, February and Kansas City via. Miosouri
Pacific Railway. February 17th. All 00upon
OIL. ~.8 tn tbo United B*utoa and Canada will >cll tick
ets to Lcs Anaclos. San Diego and Ban Jrranciago
JOT Wil»BXoUSß:^N*&*«ii
The Oatmeal Girl.
Alfred Moore was young, rich and
tolerably good looking, and was look
ed upon as a desirable match by all
his feminine acquaintances, who
prievtd to see him wasting his years,
i for, in the feminine mind, unmarried
f years are wasted. But there was
something serious the matter with
Alfred—he had a hobby. Any one
who has a male relative affected with
a hobby, whether it is politics, drain
age, orchids, or poultry raising, can
realize how serious this matter was
on learning that Alfred's hobby was
health This unfortunate young man
had a dyspeptic father and mother,
and bad heard more about ill health
ever since his childhood than if be
had attended a course of medical lec
tures for years. His mother had to
have certain articles of diet continu
ally prepared for her dyspepsia, and
his father, having a slightly different
styie of dyspepsia, had to have his
meals prepared especially for his
needs. The family atmosphere was
always regulated by dyspepsia; if a
depressed day happened to take both
parents at once, deep gloom prevailed
over the household. If depression
seized upon one parent on a day when
the other felt cheerful there were apt
to be conflicting breezes, with a ten
dency to storms. On days when both
pureuts felt able to order a pudding
for next day Alfred knew he might
a ß k favors and obtain indulgences,
and he always improved the occasion
well knowing that the day after the
pudding would be one of darkness
and despair. On cheerful days Al
fred's parents talked of nothing but
of what they wanted to eat,on gloomy
days they talked only of what they
had eaten. Having studied ail these
phases of the fruits of good living,
Alfred realized that though his youth
had borne him safely through years
o! luxurious dining there might be a
wrecked digestion in store for him, eo
Le took advantage of his four years
of college life to cultivate an abstemi
ous appetite and a batjit of taking ac
tive exercise daily. Thus hi 3 hobby
thrived and grew till it demanded
nothing less than that Alfred should
find for himself a healthy wife or
cone. For this eccentric frame of
mind Alfred's parents were directly
responsible, since it was impossible
to contemplate their sufferings, their
temper and appearance without see
ing that life would not be worth liv
ing undvr like conditions. But Al
fred found it most difficult to satisfy
the demand of his hobby,being fetter
ed in bis efforts by that uncontrol
lable old truism, "Things are not
what they seem." He wanted a
partuer for his fine and well cared for
digestion, inclosed in the frame of a
pretty and intelligent girl; but,though
he knew dozons of delightful girls,and
cuuld heve ascertained without diffi
culty the exact state of their hearts
(Le being, as aforesaid, young, rich
and handsome), he was unable to feel
positively assured of their digestive
organs. Rosy cheeks, bright eyes,
rounded forms and abundaut hair
were all present to his sight, but how
could he be sure that their owners
did not have "blue spells, nervous at
tacks aud tempery spells ?" Perhaps
they also partook daily of medicines
—by spoonfuls, by drops in tumblers
of water, by powders at me il times.
Had he not seen all these things
from his youth up, at home, even be
fore bis mother lost her good looks ?
His mother had been a beauty and a
belle, but years of dietetic misman
agement had reduced her to the sem
blance of a mummy.
"If one could ca;cb a girl when
quite small, shut her up, and feed her
properly, happiness would be cer
tain," reflected Alfred But as that
could not be conveniently done,in the
present age of barbarous civilization,
Alfred resolved to find a girl as near
ly up to his requirements aB possible,
marry her immediately, and while
the word "obey" was 6till fresh in
her memory restrict her diet, form
her mind, and be happy.
There is a sage old proverb among
the Persians to the effect that upou
every good resolve wait two genii,
one good and one bad. These par
ties were doubtless on hand upon the
evening wheu Alfred met Flossie
Breck. This young woman had
come from a neighboring country
town to visit Alfred's cousin, Jane
Moore. Some days after her arrival,
Alfred, with other young people, was
spending the evening up * the
piazza of Jane's home,
and among other things, they discuss
ed their anticipated summer outings
Seashore, lakes and mountain were
named, and most of the party were
to be widely divided during August.
In spite of tempting invitation, Al
fred had secretly decided on atrip to
the Virginia hunting grounds, when
he heard Janj say: "Ana here's
Flossie going to that stup.d farm,
where there is no one to see and noth
ing to do, just so that she can climb
trees !" A shout of laughter greeted
ibis accusation,to which Miss Flossie
replied only by a bright smiie, which
si jwed two rows of exquisite teeth,
and ivdimple iu which Cupid might
have taken board for the summer.
"And there's nothing to eat up
there," added one of the young men,
"Ob, Flossie eats notking but oat
meal and potatoes !"said Jane Moore.
Alfred's attention was aroused.
"How very unusual, Miss Breck," he
"I eat bread and sometimes meat;
but my aunt, who has always Lad
charge oi me,never allowed me toeat all
sorts of things, as other girls do,"said
E'lossie, with a pretty blush and a de
precating glance.
"Very sensible of her," said Alfred
becomiug more interested. Present
ly he learned that the place she in
tended to visit was a farm house in
Butler county, near a village with
which he was familiar
"I go there sometimes; the fishing
is quite tolerable," he said.
"I go to visit a second cousin of
Diy aunt, uDd I think I heard her
speak ol you last summer; she had
seen you by chance, and inquired
abont you," said Flossie.
"Aud so you like oatmeal and farm
life ?" asked Alfred.
Indeed, I love hotb;but I hope you
won't think me a dreadful romp, from
what your cousin said Aunt Kate
did not approve o? me dancing In hot
roeuis, but she allowed me to climb
trees when I was alone at the farm,
aad it is such fuu. Aunt Kate says
a girl should be heaithv, before all
things, and as I'm alway3 well I sup
pee I can thank her for it "
Alfred's admiration for this lovely
combination of beuutv and gentleness
increased with every word e-he spoke,
a d the Ist of August found
bearding tit tlie bouse of SilaH CTtmd,
the seeoud cotisin of the aunt of Fios
-1 sie Breck. Flossie had beaa brought
jup strictly, but in a small country
town, where the need of a chaperon
had never been impressed on her; sa
that her eojovment of Alfred's society
was unclouded by a single thought of
etiquette or good form. And Alfred
was in an earthly paradise Every
morning Flossie took a walk before
breakfast,aid then enjoyed her hearty
but simple meal of oatmeal, potMoes,
milk and bread. Alfred shared the
walk and the breakfast, and then he
and Flossie climbed trees. This
6ounds startling; bnt it was decorous
ly done. Alfred climbed first, and
assisted Flossie up, and a3 the trees
were low branching orchard trees,
climbing involved much less romping
energy ttian tennis. There among
the rustling leaves and sociable in
sects Alfred basked in the light of
Flosssie's presence, and discovered
new charms in her every moment.
He found her fully conscious that her
mental acquirements were far inferior
to bis, and eager to, listen to his in
struction and advice, and as he read
to her choice selections of prose and
poetry, his joy at her appreciative
sympathy was increased by frequent
glances over the top of his book, for
Flossie was grace itself, and each po
sition she took among the curving
branches was more lovely than the
last. On Sundays Flossie exchanged
her graceful teunis costume for a con
ventional but becoming costnme, and
she and Alfred attended the afternoon
service al the village chureh. After
ward, -on their way home, they lin
gerqi in the shady paths and talked
'"Bless her little heart ! She has
more sympathy than auy other girl I
ever knew, and she is as good as she
is pretty." said Ailred, rapturously,
to himself, as her beautiful eyes so
eften met his, full of gentlest confi
dence in his wisdom unci scarce veiled
admiration of bis manly perfections.
It was anenehanted solitude Silas
and his wife were visible only at
meal times, or at a distance, when en
gaged in agricultural or poultrycultu
ral pursui'B. Alfred hardly cared to
read his letters, or the newspapers;
Flossie received very few let
ters and this met Alfred's
approval, for he objected to a miscel
laneous collection of female friends,
such as most girls haye.
Flossie had only one correspondent
besides her aunt, This was a Phila
delphia girl, who had attended the
seminary in the town where Flossie
lived, and had yisited at Flossie's
"Aunt Kate distrusted her at first,
because she was a boarding school
girl (I was never away to school;.but
she liked her afterward, except when
Bella ate green apples and wanted to
make me eat one. A untie was furious
for a while," murmured Flossie, in
her soothing, musical voice.
"What a very Gue woman your
aunt must be ! I approve entirely of
her ideas I have noticed lately that
you do not take a bite of every apple
you see, as many people do '■
"Oh, auntie did not allow me to
eat between meals 1" said Flossie.
This statement brought matters to
a crisis.
"Here have I found youth, beauty,
docility and digestion—what more
can I wish ?" thought Alfred.
Before sunset of that day Flossie
was eugaged to him, and before
Christmas they were married. Love
and Hygeia presided over this suspic
ious union, and Alfred was in the
seventh heaven of earthly bliss.
But of the two genii who attend
upon good resolves, there was one
who had yet to be heard from
Genius number one had found Al
fred his ideal girl.
Genius number two cunningly con
cealed from him the following letter
which, Flossie wrote soon after her
engagement had been made public;
"MY DABLISO BEL —Wish me jov
I've got out of aunt Kates clutches,
and into th« bands of a rich,handsome
and soft adorer! We will be married
immediately. How did I get him ?
you'll say, liviug in this dull bole
Well, my love, last summer auntie
sent me, for economy, to board at
Cousin Silas Cloud's while she went
north. There I heard of a richjyoung
fellow who had been fishing in S .
I traced him to Brinton, and found
that he was Jane Moore's cousin—
fancy that cat having a handsome
cousin—l managed to get an invita
tion out ot her. and soon learned
thai, he had a hobby about marrying
a healthy wife, It took just a month
to catch him—easy work, too, for I
made the most of aunt Kate's starva
tion training—and now I'm free from
her, and will have a house all my
own—no in laws for me—and you
Bball visit me the very day I get set
tled Won't we have have fun? I'm
going to send you $lO for candy, can
dy, candy, to bring with you I mean
to make up for lost time. We'll eat
from moru till night, and 1 shall do
just as 1 please all the rest of my
life Joyfully yours, Flossie " —EVA
MULLEB in Pittsburg Bulletin,
—The Cambria Barb Wire Works
at Johnstown, Pa., is running foar
teen hours a day, including Sunday.
—Ths employes of the Troy, N
Y., Steel and Iron Company's works
have accepted a reduction of 10 per
—Pittsburg's iron and steel output
is now greater by 1164 tons a day
than it was before the introduction of
natural gas.
—Congress is expected to appro
priate SIBO,OOOO towards the erection
of a Revolutionary monument iu the
rich city of Brooklyn,
—The coal deposits of Vera Cruz,
Mexico, eover 150 miles, but are from
2000 to 4000 feet above the sea, and
it would cost considerable to develop
—lleGning working have been
erected at Santa Paula which pro
duce from the California petroleum
a kerosene for illuminatng said to be
equal in all respects to the best East
ern oil.
—The Brewers' Firemens' Union
of New York has ordered a tine of $3
aud the Gerniau Painters' Union :j!2
upou any of their members who may
be discovered smoking scab cigars
—The introduction of natural gas
at Pittsburg has displaced the use of
4,500,000 tons of coal a year. One
hall of the 60.000 houses in Pittsburg
use the natural gas for fuel aud light.
—We often bear people say,there ie
only one good cough medicine and
"that is I)r. Bull's Cough Syrup.
I buffered for two wec-ks with neu
ralgia of the face, and procured im
mediate relief by using Salvation
433 X. Curvy St /Bakim'efto, Md.
Celoron's Voyage Down the
The French and English w<*re both
intent on acquiring possession of the
Ohio valley. (The Allegheny and
Ohio rivers were generally regarded
\ by the early explorers as one stream
The French called it La Belle Kiv
' iere ) The Indians formed a third
party in interest, and were in occu
pancy «*f the ground. The French
> based their claim to the territory on
i the voyage of La Salle in 108*2; the
English, on the discoveries made by
> the Cabots long previously. It was
not until about the middle of the last
i century, however, that auy decided
| steps were taken by either nation to
occupy the coveted region, In the
year 1718, a number of genvlemen,
mostly English colonists, formed
themselves into an association, with a
view to making settlements west of
the Allegheny mountains, and carry
ing on trade with the natives. The
leader in the enterprise was Thomas
Lee, one of His Majesty's Council in
Virginia. The association wascallud
"The Ohio Company." Among the
stockholders were Lawrence and Au
gustine Washington, brothers of
George Washington. The Eajlish
government favored the design of the
company, and u tract of five hundred
thousaud acres of land was granted it.
This lufjti lay chiefly on the left bank
of the Oaio, between the Monongahe
la and the Keaawha rivers. A large
quantity of goods fcuit&ble for the In
dian trade was ordered from L >ndon;
and it was determined to make roads,
erect such buildings as might be
thought desirable, and particularly
cultivate a good understanding with
the Indians. Christopher Gist,a bor
derer of remarkable energy, intelli
gence and courage, was employed to
traverse the region lying within the
Ohio valley,and make a report on the
lauds in the company's grant. He at
ouce set about, the work, aad spent
several months in this arduous
du y.
The French at this time also deter
mined to take an advanced step in the
same direction. They bad settlements
no't only in Canada,but in Louisiana,
and at various points along the Miss
issippi and its tributaries. Apart
from other considerations, it was
highly desirable to possess the Ohio
as a convenient line of communication
between .hese widely separated set
tlements Accordingly in the Sum
mer of the year 1749, Captain Celo
ron, knight of the Order of St. Louis,
was despatched by Gallisioniore,
governor general of Canada, to take
constructive possession of the Ohio
valley, by passing down the river,and
depositing leaden plates suitably en
graved, at such points as he might
think proper, as was the custom of
explorers at that time.
Celoron left La Chine, near Mont
real, on the 15th of Juue, 1749. He
had a detachment consisting of one
captain, M. de Contractcir, after
wards the commandant u Fort I>u
quesne—eight subaltern officers, six
cadets, ono chaplain, twenty soldiers,
one hundred aud eighty Canadians,
aid about thirty Indians.
Celoron proceeded by water up the
St. Lawrence and through the great
lakes. Ou the sixteenth of July he
reached the point where the Chautau
qua creek flows into Lake Erie. He
at first had some thought of establish
ing a post here, but upon observing
the situation more narrowly he con
cluded that it was not suitable. "I
found nothing there of advantage,"
he writes, "either for navigation of
the lake, or for the situation of the
post; the lake is so shallow on the
side ot the south, that ships could uot
approach the portage but at more
than a leagues distance. There is no
island or harbor who.'e they could be
moored and put under protection;
tbey must needs remain at auchor aud
have boats for unloading them, the
gales ol wind are so frequent there
that I think they woold be in dan
At this point Celoron left the lake
and turned his course towards the
south. At dawn of the seventeenth
of July, they began their ascent of
the Chautauqua creek The stream
was not navigable, and the labor of
transporting the canoes, provisions,
and so forth, was extremely arduous,
and their progress was very slow.
On the twenty-6econd they entered
Lake Chauteuque. Tbey remained
at the lake over the twenty-third,and
on the morning of the twenty-fourth
tbey entered the Conewango creek.
This stream connects the lake with
the Allegheny river, and flows into
the latter at the town of Warren.
The water in the creek was low, an d
the greater part of the baggage had
te be transported by hand Their
progress was very tedious. The In
dians who lived along the route were
frightened, and fled from their cabins,
leaving behind them a part of their
utensils, their canoes, and even their
provisions, to seek the woods. As
the object of the expedition was part
ly to secure the friendship and alle
giance of the natives to the French
authority, aud besides they might
combine in considerable force aud em
barrass the expedition, it was deter
mined to send Lieutenant Jencaire
aud five Indians of the party, with
belts of wampum, aud induce them
to take courage, that their father
came only to treat with them of good
things. So great were the difficulties
of the passage down the Conewango,
that it was not until noon of the 29th
of July that they entered the Alle
gheny. Rowing across the latter
stream, they landed on the southern
bauk. Here they resolved to bury
the first of the leaden plates. By
some inad vertance, the first plate
they prepared was spoiled by insert
ing the name of the Chautanqua
creek instead of the Conewaugo, This
plate was no doubt thrown aside as
useless, and another was prepared.
The spoiled plate afterwards fell into
the hands of some Senecas, who gave
it to Colonel Johnson, the Indian
agent. They represented that they
had stolen it from Joncaire; but it is
much more likely they found it where
it had been thrown aside. A leaden
plate was buried hero "at the foot of
a red oak " A plate of sheet iron,
bearing the arms of the Freuch king,
was also affixed to a tree. This lead
en plate has never been found; the
plate of sheet iron was soon after
wards torn down by the Indians
Leaving this point, they proceeded
the same day to an ludian village
not far off, named As
J;»ncalre had been sent out ahead to
notify the Inhabitants, they were on
the watch to receive the expedition.
Celeron treated them to t-raudy end
tobuctar, niM iu reWn tbey gave hinj
m%ize and eqti A few miles be
low was the villa _-e of Out Straw, at
the mouth of whit is now called
lirokenstraw creek Celoron invited
i tbe chiefs of IvAUiiouajron to meet Liia
there, as he wished to »tddr«ss the
Indians at that place. The next day,
I the thirtieth, h»* went to Cat Straw
i .Joneaire had preceded him and hid
1 prevailed upon the people of the vil
lage to remain, as they were a'j mt to
k flee to tbe woods. Upon the arrival
j of Celoron the Indians presented him
| with two belts of wampum and made
| a speech, iu which they professed
preat joy at his arrival among them
I "in good health " Celoroa replied to
| this speech, aud presented them with
| three belts of wampum, in order to
| "open their ears'' that they might hear
; well what he had to say on the part
of their father, the governor-treneral
of Canada, lie assured them of the
kindness and good will of the French;
cautioned them against favoring or
harboring the English among tbem;
and urged them to drive them away;
"pay serious iittcntion to the message
which I send you," said he. Listen
to it; follow it; it is the means of al
ways seeing over your villages a
beautiful and sereue sky. I am sur
' prised, my children," he continued,
"to see raised in your village a cabin
destiued to receive English traders.
If you look upon yourselves as my
children, you will not continue this
work; far from it, y< u will destroy it,
and will no longer receive the Eng
lish at your homes." In reply the
Indians promised that they would not
sutler rhe Eugiish among them any
more; "and this Louse," said they,
' which is nearly Quished, will serve
only as a recreation place for the
Celoroa remained at Cutstraw over
the thirty-first of July, because of a
heavy r iu. The next day he pro
ceeded on down the river. Some tea
I miles below hs came to a village of
about a dozen cabins; but ail the peo
ple except one man had fled. The fol
lowing day, at a larger, town some
ten or twelve miles farther down the
stream, he again addressed the Indi
ans ia the same strain as at Cut
Straw. There was. perhaps, a con
siderable gathering of natives here, as
he had iuvited the inhabitants of sev
eral villages that he had passed on
the way to meet him at this place,
whiih thev did.
Oa the third of August he again
set out, and went down to the mouth
of Freueh creek, called by him the
River aux Bueufs, where there was a
village of eight or ten cabins. There
were living here an English trader,
whose name we do not know, and an
English gunsmith, John Frazier, a
person whose name often appears in
the history of the border. The Indi
ans, in the meeting of the previous
day, had complained to Celoron that
if he drove the English away, and "in
particular the blacksmith," who meud
ed their guns and hatchets, they fear
ed they should be left to perish of
"hunger and misery on the Beautiful
river;" and they begged that the
English, at least "the blacksmith,"
might be allowed to rem-iin over win
ter, or until they could go hunting,
and they promised that by spring the
English should all retire. Celoron
confesses that their representations
embarrassed him very much. But
when he got to the village at the
month of the liiver aux Boeufs. or, as
it was afterwards called, Le Bmuf, he
found that the English, as well as the
Indians, had "gained the woods "
Only five or six "Indians of the Iro
quois nation remained, who fired a
salute of welcome He did not tarry
at this place, but embarked,and
proceeded about seven or eight miles
further on the way, when he stopped
for the niijht. At the place of en
campment was a larga rock, .the face
of which bore a number of figures,
"rudely enough carved " This rock,
which is six mi las below Fraukliu, is
known as the "ludian God," btill re
mains as Celoron found it, and marks
the site of his encampment. The in
scription on the rock, snys School
craft, appears distinctly to record, in
symbols, the triumphs in hunting and
and war. Here Celoron buried the
second ef the leaden plates, "directly
opposite a naked mountain," and near
this carved rock. This plate has
never been found.
On the following morning it was
determined that Joucaire should pre
cede the party to Attique, a cousider
able village some distance down the
river, and assure the inhabitants of
the amicable intentions of tho expedi
tion. By Attique was meant the
town generally known by the English
Kittanning. It occupied tho site of
the present town of this name, the
capital of Armstrong county. Jon
caire at once set out. Celoron fol
lowed more leisurely. The latter
went out that day about thirty-five
miles. The next day they started
pretty early. They passed several
streams of which Celoron makes note,
and he ou the higher
grounds by the river were villages of
Loups and Iroquais of the Five Na
tions. They encamped that day at
an early hour, "in order to give M de
Joncaire time to reach the "village of
Attique " The next morning after
going eight or ten miles, they arrived
at Attique. They found Joucaire
awaiting them there, but the inhabi
tants of the town had fled. The place
contained twenty-two cabins. The
Indians who lived here were Loups
A chief with two young warriors had
tarried to observe what should be
done. Seeing Joncaire was but slen
derly accompanied, be had approached
him and demanded to know what he
wantod. This man Joncaire attempt
ed to conciliate with fair speeches,
and induced him to carry some belts
of wampum to the villages farther
down the river, and nrge the people
to remain at their homes, and not run
away at the approach of the expedi
tion. If the chief executed the mis
sion, he does not B<em to have been
eminently successful.
Celeron remained at Attique but a
short time, and then proceeded on his
way Some hours afterwards be
reached Chartier's town, whicjh stood
on the right batik not far below the
present town of Freeport. Hero he
found six English soldiers, as he calls
them, more probably traders, with
fifty hortes sud about one hundred
bales of fura.ou their way to the east.
Chartier's town was a well-known
place. It was the point of departure
from the Allegheny on tho Ki.-kimin
etas route between the east and west.
The town had been abandoned for
i some years and was gem-rally called
1 Chartier's old town. Celoron does
not seem to have known the name,
1 but terms it simply "uu old Village of
i tho Shawaoeis.' " lit; warned the
.English whom ho found here, gainst
intruding upon woat be claimed was
the territory of the French kin <1
by them sent a letter to the G i >r
of Pennsylvania, a Philad • < a.
This letter has been preserved i , . )9
archives of tbe State. Gov. ii
ton informs the assembly that L d
reCiived three letters from - i
ing himself "Celoron," laying ;i
to the bark parts of tbe colonv i the
name of the French king. One o. e
letters, as we have n
seen, was written at c •
tier's town; one was writt< a
next day at a village which C< a
calls Written Rack, which wt- >
doubt Sbanaopia'g town, which I
oa tbe bank of the Allegheny ri v r,
within the present limits of the ci y of
Pittsburg. From the latter vii re
the Indians had all fled. They o
ruled, says Celoron,by an old \v a
"who looks upon herself as aij J(
and is entirely devoted to the
lish." The old woman was no d a
Queen Aliquippa. Herehefoii'; x
Eugiish traders, who came "all
bling" before him when he la I.
He gave them the same warui; > 13
the others, and by them sent a r
to the governor. Where the . i d
letter was written, we do not ka •..
most likely at Logstown. The tr . -i
at Written itock told him they would
withdraw; "that they knew well ti v
had no right to trade, but not h; V: g
encountered any obstacle up to
present, they had sought to gain ' ir
livelihood; and the more so, as th»
Indians had attracted them thii •,
but that henceforward they w u'-l
not return." Celoron describes 3
place as the most attractive
had yet seen on the Beautiful riv r.
He calls it Written Rock, 00 «i m>t
from the circumstance that a short
distance below he passed a rock on
which were "certain writings " T 0
writings upon investigation turirl
out to be only some English nu s
written with charcoal. He en—
ed on the evening of the seveuri ->f
August about three leagues b ! v
the forks of the Ohio. It is w< -. v;
of remark that Celoron makes 0
mention of the Monongahela ri. r;
why the omission, it is impossr >j
conceive. It ia the more snrpri. 1 ,
as the Monongahela was then, < v 1
more than at present, more notice 3
than the Allegheny, to one 10-J <
back in descending tbe Ohio. T >
next day, early, Celoron arrived .t
Chiningne, or Logstown, on ther : - t
bauk of the Ohio, eighteen miles
low the village of Written Rock.
A Shot and a Thrust.
When we came to throw out n.V'tc
ets in front of onr lines on the u;: Jit
after dealing the Federal army the
hard blow at Second Manassn?, we
were right among the dead a 1
wounded. We had won a victory,
and the bulk of the Federal army w 3
making fer the Potomac, but tr ?
was a rear gaard that fought eulieniy
and with a thirst for vengeance, and
along the front of ray division the
blue coats were alert and ready f r
any night attack. It was abo>r ')
o'clock in the evening wheu my '
pany was pushed out, and to g< ' , ■
place assigned us we had to crawl 1
our hands and knees for the la3t -'JO
feet. When I finally got settled a
place it was at the base of a sh-vJ
fruit tree standing alone ia an a
field. A ball or a shell had struck >
trunk of the tree and cut it in two,
and a portion of the top lay on t!.
ground. The Federal picket e,s I
presently ascertained, was about, . y
steps distant from me, and hst : >
cover of a heap of rails I did n.it
locate him until he fired upon m • 1
do not think he knew of my pretn
but rather mistrusted it and bl : J
away to draw me out
Tnere were dead and wounded nil
about the tree. I had crept over v. o
dead bodies, and two wounded ia >
had begged me for water, aud tlr .»
the evening was very dusky. I c I
count at least ten bodies on my
of the tree. I had come out with
full canteen, knowing that the f.- tr,
was covered with wounded C; e
to me, on the right, was a Fe<! 1
corporal belonging to a New A k
regiment. He told me at the
the number of his regiment, b . i
made no note of it. lie was si; >* "
the right leg, midway between C
hip and knee. This happen-;! >
hours before dark, and consider; » T
nearer our lines, and he had mane 1
to crawl twenty rods to get the .
ter of the tree It was only a:: b
wound, and could he have been t •: a
inside the lines that night he w !1
have been fit for duty in thirty d s.
Some men would have almost w . 1
off with such a hurt as that, bu' ; o
poor fellow seemed knocked i : o
pieces and had quite lost his co-;.
I was holding the canteen to his :
having raised his head aud pu a
haversack under, when the Feder d
picket fired the shot. The bu!
crashed into the head of the wo* 1
man, and with a sort of quiver be ii
back dead.
The incident upset me consider.. v
and being under orders not to firr a
shot unless the enemy were adv.. :•
ing. I hugged the ground at the t
of the tree and remained quiet, f. o
more shots were fired at me, but th- y
were aimed too high and went ov*.r.
I had been on duty about an hour,
when the pleadings of a wound d
man about fifty feet to lay lef.
water determined me to succor i
He knew of my presence and '<
directly to rae, saying that he was
shot in both legs and had been r
there seven or eight hours. I le; /
gun on the ground and started oil
my hands and knees. The corp-* of
a Federal lay directly in my way, ; d
I was just making a half circle e r i
it, when the supposed dead J
scrambled up, seized his mu ,
which lay beside him, and whirl-- i
me with a sort of scream You
it all came so suddenly that I
confused, and when he came at
was still on my hands and kue
helpless He held the gun at
bayonets" and made aa awful
at me. The point of the b.-
passed through the back of my i .
and the lunge pushed me 1
the steel went into the ground
to the muzzle of the gun 1
thus pinned to the earth, and t;
let go of the musket and fell
me, uttering a groan of pain i
I came down.
[ My position was such that i 1
i not lree myself for two or thro
j utes. and when I did the m
dead for sure. He bad probab! i
unconscious for a long time bet
frenzy of death caused him to ;
me in the singular manner be i.. . >
i firmly was I pinned to tho enr.! t
I had to "akin" out of mv.b'o >
get free, and It took a Btout lu - t
liie butt of tho muakut to pull ne
i Va/odet bat tff tVte hWd-tTakld *
NO -M)