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Marriage and death notice* mnat be aooompa
nied by a responsible name.
TBI BOTf.SR CITIXKH,
BCTLBK, KJBNS CITT AND PARKBB RAILROAD
Trains leave Butler for Bt. Joe, Millerstown,
Karns City, Pet rolls, Parker, etc., at 7.27 a. m.,
aud 2 25 and 7.25 p. m.
Tralus arrive at Butler from the above named
points at 7.17 a. m., and 2.15, and 7.15 p. m.
The 8.15 train connects with train on the West
Penti roid ibrouKh to Pittsburgh.
SHKVAKOO ASD ALLBGHEST BAILKOAD.
Trains leave Hilliard's Mill, Butler county,
for Harrisville, Greenville, etc., at 7.40 a. m.
and 12.20 and 2.20 p. m.
guiiree leave Fetrolia at 5.30 a. m. lor 7.40
train, aud at 10.00 a. m. for 12 20 train.
Return stages leave Hilliard oil arrival of
trains at 10.27 a. m. and 1.50 p. m.
Stage leaves Martinsburg at 9.30 for 12.80
Trains leave Butler (Butler or Pittsburgh Time.)
Market at 5.06 a. m., goes through to Alle
gheny, arriving at 9.01 a. m. This train con
nects at Free port with Freeport Accommoda
tion, which arrives at Allegheny at 8.20 a. m.,
railroad time. . _ .
Erpreu at 7.21 a. m , connecting at Butler
Junction, without change of car*, at 8.28 with
Express west, arriving In Allegheny at 9.5S
a. m., and Express east arriving at Blalravllle
at 11.00 a. m. railroad time.
Mail at 2.38 p. m., connecting at Butler Junc
tionwithout change ot cars, with Express west,
arriving in Allegheny at 5.26 p. in., and Ex
press cast arriving at Blairsviile Intersection
at 6.10 p. m. railroad time, which connects with
Philadelphia Express ea«t, when on time.
The 7.21 a. m. train connects at Blairsviile
at 11.05 a. m. with the Mail east, and the 2.36
p. m. train at 8.59 with the Philadelphia Ex
Trains arrive at Bntler on Weat Peon R. R. at
9.51 a. m., 5 0« aud 7.20 p. m., Butler time. The
9,51 and 5.06 trains connect with trains on
the Butler & Parker R. R. Sun "ay train arrives
at Butler at 11.11 a. m., connecting with train
Through trains leave Pittsburgh lor the East
at 2.56 and 8.26 a. ra. and 12 51, *.21 and 8.06 p.
m., arriving at Philadelphia at 8.40 and 7.20
p. in. and 3.00, 7.0 • and 7.40 a. ra.; at Baltimore
about the same time, at New York three hours
later, and at Washington about one and a halt
JOHN E. BYERS,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
my2l-ly] BUTLER, PA.
o|# WALDRON. Graduate ot the Phil-
B add phia Dental College, is prepared.
• fl sto do anything in the line of his
profession in a satisfactory manner.
Office on Main street, Butler, Union Block,
up stairs, *pll
LAND FOR SALE!
A handsome six-room frame house, located
on Bluff street, northwestern part of Butler.
Lot 50x176. All necessary outbuildings.
TERMS—One-third cash and balance in four
equal annual payments. Inquire at this office.
The wall-improved farm of Rev. W. R. Hutch
ison, in the northeaat oorner of Middlesex town
ship, Bntler county, Pa., is now offered for sala.
low. Inquire of W. K. FRIBBEE, on the prem
(5 will buy a one-half intereat In a good bus
iness in Pittsburgh. One who knows some
thing about farmipg preferred. An honest man
with the above amount will do well to address
by letter. SMITH JOHNS, care S. M. James,
93 Liberty street; Pittsburgh, Pa. |au27-ly
£TNA INSURANCE COMPANY
OF HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT.
Losses paid In 61 years, (51,000,000.
J. T. McJUNKIN A SON, Agents,
Jan2Bly JtHereon street, butler, Pa.
Mutual Fire Insurance Co.
Office Cor. Main and Cunningham Sts.
G. C. ROESSING, PRESIDENT.
WM. CAMPBELL, TREASURER
H. C. HKINEMAN, SECRETARY.
J. L. Purvis, E. A. Helmboldt,
William Campbell, J. W. Buikhart,
A. Trout man, Jacob Schoene,
G. C. Roeaslng, John Caldwell,
Dr. W. lrvln, W. W. Dodds,
3. W. Christy H. C. Helneman.
JAS. T. M'JUNKIN, Gen. A*'t
HENRY G. HALE,
HIE IHICIIIIT THUS,
COB. PENN K*T> SIXTH STREETS, *
[Suocaasor to A. 0. Roessing & Bro.]
6RJIIII, FLOUR, FEED, OIL,
THE HIOHEST MARKET PRICE PAID IN
FOR GRAIN OF ALL RINDS.
the U. S. service. LAW EXPIRES JULY Ist,
1880, for ARREARS. PENSIONB INCREAS
ED. Thousands of Pensioners are rated too low.
BOUNTY AND NEW DISCHARGES PRO
CURED. Information freely given. Bend
stamp for blanks. Address.
BTODDART ft CO.,
Room (, St. Cloud Building, Washington, D. C.
Persons desiring to have their Old Furniture
repaired, or New Work made to order, such sa
Music Stands, Book Caaea, Wardrobes, Office
Desks. Office Table*, Ac., would do well to call on
A. B. WILSON,
Practical Cabiaet Maker.
I hold that a piece of furniture made by hand
is worth two made by machinery, and will ooet
but little more. If any. Then why not have hand
made ? All work made in the latest stylee and
of the best material. I guarantee entire sat
isfaction in st7le, workmanship and pries. Give
me a call. Shop on Mifflin street, four doors
west of Main street, and opposite A. Troutman's
store, Butler, Pa. s«pl7-ly
BAUER ft BAXTER,
Livery, Sale and Feed Stables,
REAB OF TOGELEY HOUSE,
jun9-3m BUTLER, PA.
$5 "ISS. AR.T
Portland, Main*. deeft-ly
BOOTS and SHOES
Main Street* - Butler* Pa.
I have just received my entire Spring and Summer stock of BOOTS and
SHOES direct from the manufacturer, and am able to sell them at
and a great many lines at LOWER PRICES THAN EVER.
Ladies', Misses' and Children's Button, Polish and Side Lace Boots in
endless variety, and at bottom prices.
Reynolds Brothers' celebrated fine Shoes always in stock, and is the most
complete I have ever offered. The prices are lower than ever, and styles
Parties wanting BOOTS & SHOES made to order can do no better than
by me, as I keep none but the best of workmen in my employ.
LEATHER and FINDINGS will be found in my store in superior
quality and at lowest market rates.
pjgf~All goods warranted as represented. AL. BUFF,
B. t HUNTS,
THE LARGEST AND BEST ASSORTMENT OF
Boots and Shoes
To be found in any House In Western Pennsylvania, em
bracing all the Newest Spring Styles in the Market.
... I am selling all this stock at
wtStf OLD PRICES. 2
fliSifflS? Recollect, NO ADVANCE,
Several lines of Boots and Shoes at even lower prices than ever. All my
customers have the benefit in buying by getting Boots and Shoes
that come direct from the manufacturer to my house.
No middle profits to divide up that parties
are compelled to pay that buy
from jobbing houses.
This Stock of Boots and Shoes is Very Large in the Following Lines
Ladies' Kid and Pebble Button Boots, .... $1.50 and upwards.
" " " " Side Lace Boots, - - 1.25 " "
" Grain, Pebble and Kid Button and Polish, - 1.25 " "
" " Polish, 95 " "
" " Standard, very prime, 1.25 " "
" Serges, in Congress and Polish, .... 75 to sl.
" Calf Peg Shoes, all warranted.
MY STOCK EMBRACES, IN CONNECTION WITH THE ABOVE, A FULL LINE OF ALL
THE FINER GRADES IN WOMEN'B, MISSES' AND CHILDREN'S.
The dents' Department is very complete in every line in Calf
Button, Dom Pedros, Congress and English Walking Shoes, and especially in
Calf Boots, at $2 and upwards,
Brogans and Plow Shoes, at $1 and upwards,
Fine Buff Alexis and Congress, at $1.25 raid upwards,
Low Strap Shoes, in every style, at $1.25 and upwards.
Boys' and Youths' Shoes in same styles as Men's, but lower in price.
Infants' and Children's Shoes, in Colors and Black.
Fancy Slippers and Walking Boots, All Colors.
This stock is the most complete I have ever offered, the prices are lower
than ever, and the styles are elegant. Ladies' Kid and Pebble Button New-!
ports, good, $1 to $1.25. .
LARGE STOCK OP (LEATHER AND) FINDINGS
Always in stock. None but the best brands of Leather kt pt, and prices guar
anteed at lowest market rates.
me a call and I will save you money in your Boots and Shoes.
A careful inspection of this stock will convince you that the above is correct.
No other house can give you lower prices or better goods.
B. G. HUSSLTON.
CARPETS! OIL CLOTHS! MATS! RUGS! STAIR RODS
m NEW STOCK! NEW STOCK! >
§ HECK & PATTERSON'S £
j NEW WET MOM !
GO UNTOW OPEN! £
gjj ©f @li©thCfrg b
Duffy's Bloek, sopt2o-tf JKutler, Pa. S
iSaOHHIYXS iSf)AA iSXVM ISHXOIOTIO ISXGDHVO
Union Woolen Mills.
I would desire to call the attention of the
public to the Union Woolen Mill, Batlor, Pa.,
where I have new and improved machinery for
the manufacture of
Barred and Gray Flannels,
Knitting and Weaving Tarns,
and I can recommend them ae being very dura
ble, aa they are manufactured of pure Butlor
county wool. They are beautiful m color, su
perior in texture, and will be sold at very low
prices. For samples and prioes. address,
Jnm.-78-ly) Batter. Pa
HT3 CI 2WQ 18 Bto P"> 3 set Beeds, 2 Knee
UIIUAIIO Swells. Stool, Book, only
•87.60. 8 Stop Organ, Stool, Book, only $53.75.
Pianos, Stool, Cover, Book, $l9O to $366. Illus
trated catalogue free. Address
apU-Sm W. 0. BUNNELL, Lewistown, Pa.
Stock Speculation and Investment.
Operations on Margin or by Privileges. Spe
cial business in Mining Stocks. Full particulars
on application. JAMES BItOWN. Dealer in
Stocks and Bonds, 64 &, 66 Broadway, New York.
Forty Dollars Reward.
On Tuesday night, Apiril 27th, there was
stolen from the premise* of the subscriber,
living In Penn township, Bt'tler county, Pa., a
dark Day horse, six years old, weighs between
i 1,300 and 1,400 pounds, smal 1 star on the fore
. head, shoulders somewhat st-re from the wear
of the collar. A reward of $4 0 will be paid for
information that will lead to the recovery of
the hone. HARVY OSBORN,
my6-3t. Glade Mills, P, Q. Bntler Co. Pa.
BUTLER, PA., WEDNESDAY; JULY 28, 1880
ARE DAILY RECEIVING
Fresh and Seasonable Goods!
Cotton and Lisle Thread Hose,
Fringes, Trimmings, Ruttons,
Han dkerch iefs,
Lace and Embroidered Ties,
Elegant Neckwear for Men,
AND FULL STOCK OF
Ladies and Men's Furnishing Goods.
[WOur Increased Room enables us to give pur-
I chasers the very best value for their money.
C. WATTLEY &CO.
109 FEDERAL ST. ALLEGAENY CITY PA.
OPPOSITE FIKST N'ATIOXAL BANK.
Pittsburgh, Cincinnati & St, Louis
I PIMM Mini
Offers the best facilities and mosi comfortable
and expeditious Line for families
moving to points in
T E X JL. m 9
2STE BRAHK A,
OR ANY OF THE WESTERN STATES AND
THE VERY LOWEST RATES
TO ALL POINTS IX THE
WEST & SnUTH-WKST
CAN" ALWAYS BE SECURED VIA THE
Tickets Sold and Baggage Checked
THROUGH TO ANY POINT YOU WANT TO GO.
We offer you the Lowest Rates, the Quickest
Time, the liest Facilities and the most Satisfac
tory Route to all points West and South-west.
We run no Emigrant Trains. All classes of
Passengers are carried on regular Express
If you are unable to procure Through Tick
ets to points in Missouri, Arkansas, Texas, Kan
sas, Colorado, Wisconsin, Minnesota, lowa, Ne
braska or California, by the direct "PAN-HAN
DLE ROUTE," at your nearest Railroad Sta
tion, please address
W. Mjm <•' ■!
Gen'l Passenger Agent, 'Pan-Handle Route,'
(A Medicine, not a Drink.) I
HOPS, BUCHC, MANDRAKE, |
AND TNS TVRIST ANI> HKST MKTUCALQCALI- ■
TIES OF ALL OTUBB UITT*»S. B
TIIEY CUItE f.
All DISEASES of the Stomach, Bowcln, Blood, JJ
Liver, KL(lnej-B,and UrinaryOrftanj. Ncr- N
vouiatsu, S!eenle»piies»an'l especially U
SIOOO IN COLO.
Will be paid for a cane they will not rare
help, or fur anvthlnic In.pure or Injurious M
found In them.
A«V your druirclst for nnp Hitters and try I
tUvin before you Bleep. Take no other. ■
D I. C. ft »n »b«otateandlirrrfat!bleenre for fl
Drunlcenneu, ine of opium, tobacco and ffi
■■■■■■■ SEND FOB CIIUTLAB. MMH
All abore «old by rfnmiita. 2
Hop Bitter, Co., X. Y., A Toronto, Out. PJ
MRS. LYDIA E. PiNKHAM.
OF LYNN, MASS.
LYDIA E. PINKHAM'B
The Positive Core
For all Female Complaints.
Thlj preparation, A.I its nam© signifies, consist* of
Yeffct&blo Properties that are harmless TO tho most del
icate invalid. Upon ono trial the merit* of this Com
pound will be recognized, as relief is immediate ; and
when Ita use is continued, In ninety-nino cases in a hun
dred, a permanent cure Is thousands will tee
tify. On account of It* proven merits, It is to-day ro
commended and prescribed by tho bmt physicians in
It will euro entirely the worst form of falling
of the uterus, Lcucorrhcca, irregular and painful
Menstruation, all Ovarian Troubles, Inflammation and
Ulceration, Flooding*, all Displacements and the con
sequent spinal weakness, and is especially adapted to
the Change of Life. IT will dissolve and expel tumori
from the uterus in an early stago of development. The
tendency to cancerous humor* there is checked very
speedily by Its use.
In fact it has proved to bo the great
est and bost remedy that has ev*r boon discover
ed. It permeates evory portion of the system, and gives
new llfeand vigor. It removes faintne«s,flatul*ncj, do
■troys all craving for stimulants, and relieve* weakness
of the stomach
It cures Bloating, Headaches, Nervous Prostration,
General Debility, Sleeplessness, Depression and Indl
gestion. That feeling of bearing down, causing pain,
weight and backache, 1* alway* permanently cured by
it* use. It will at all times, and under* 11 circumstan
ce*, act in harmony with the law that governs th*
For Kidney Complaint* of either sex this compound
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound
Is prepared at 253 and 816 W**tern Avenue, Lynn, Mass.
Price SI.OO. Six bottle* for $6.00. Sent by mail in the
form of plus, also In the form of Losenges, on receipt
of price, SI.OO, per box, for either. Mrs. PIXKMAM
freely answers ail letters of inquiry. Bend for pass (
phlet. Address a* above Mention this paper.
Ho family should be without LYDIA E. PINKHAM*
LITER PILLS. They cure OonirtJpatlon, Biliousness,
and Torpidity of the Liver. 26 cent* per box
GEO. A. KELLY & CO., General
Agents, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Sold by D. H. Wuller, - Butler Pa.
Notice to Tax Collectors.
The Commissioners hereby give notice that
taxes of 187H must be paid in immediately, as
the books for 1880 have been put in the hands
of the collectors. The County needs the money
and it must be paid. je!6:3w
HON. CHESTER A. ARTHUR'S
Text'of the Letter of the Republican
Vice Presidential Candidate.
Following is the letter of Hon. Ches
ter A. Arthur to Hon. Geo. F. Hoar,
chairman of the National Republican
Convention, accepting the nomination
for the Vice Presidency.
NEW YORK, July 17, 1880.
To Geo. F. Hoar, President of the Re
publican Convention :
DEAR SIR :—I accept the position
assigned me by the great party whose
action you announce. This acceptance
implies approval of the principles de
clared by the convention. But recent
usage permits me to add some expres
sion of my own views.
FREE AND FAIR ELECTIONS.
The right and duty to secure honesty
and order in popular elections is a mat
ter so vital that it must stand in front.
The authority of the national govern
ment to preserve from fraud and force
elections at which its own officers are
chosen is a chief point on which the
two parties are plainly and intensely
opposed. The acts of Congress for
ten years have, in New York and else
where, done much to curb the violence
count and wrong to which the ballot and
have been again and again subjected,
sometimes despoiling great cities,
sometimes stifling the voice of a whole
State, and often seating not only in
Congress, but on the bench and in leg
islatures numbers of men never chosen
by the people.
The Democratic party, since gaining
possession of the two Houses of Con
gress, has made these just laws the ob
ject of bitter, ceaseless assault, and de
spite all resistance has hedged them
with restrictions cunningly contrived
to baffle and paralyze them. This ag- j
gressive majority boldly attempted to ]
extort from the executive his approval
of various enactments destructive of
these election laws, by revolutionary
threats that a constitutional exercise of i
the veto power would be punished by
withholding appropriations necessary
to carry on the government, and these
threats were actually carried out by re
fusing needed appropriations, and by
forcing an extra session of Congress,
lasting for months and resulting in con
cessions to this usurping demand which
are likely in many States to subject the
majority to the lawless will of the mi
nority. Ominous signs of public dis
approval alone subdued this arrogant
power into a sullen surrender for the
time being of part of its demands.
COURSE OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY.
The Republican party has strongly
approved the stern refusal of its repre
sentatives to suffer overthrow of
statutes believed to be salutary and
just. It has always insisted, and now
insists, that the government of the
United States of America is empower
ed and in duty bound to effectually pro
tect the elections denoted by the con
stitution as national. More than this,
the Republican party holds as the car
dinal point in its creed that the govern
ment should by every means known to
the constitution protect all American
citizens everywhere in the full enjoy
ment of their civil and political rights,
as a great part of its work of recon
The Republican party gave the bal
lot to the emancipated slave as his right
and defense. A large increase in the
number of members of Congress and of
the electoral college from the former
slave holding States was the immediate
result. The history of recent years
abounds in evidence that in many ways
and in many places, especially where
their number has been great enough to
endanger Democratic control, the very
men by whose elevation to citizenship
this increase of representation was ef
fected have been debarred and robbed
of their voice and vote. It is true that
no State statute or constitution in so
many words denies or abridges the ex
ercise of their political rights, but the
modes employed to bar their way are
no less effectual. It is a suggestive
and startling thought that the increased
power derived from the enfranchise
ment of a race now denied its share in
governing the country, wielded by those
who lately sought to overthrow the
government, is now the sole reliance
to defeat the party which represented
the sovereignty and nationality of the
American people in the greatest crisis
of our history.
Republicans cherish none of the re
sentments which may have animated
them during the actual conflict of arms.
They long for a full and real reconcilia
tion between the sections which were
needlessly and lamentably at strife.
They sincerely offer the hand of good
will, but they ask in return a pledge of
good faith They deeply feel that the
party whose career is so illustrious in
great and patriotic achievements will
fulfill its destiny until peace and pros
perity are established in all the land,
nor until liberty of thought, conscience
and action, and equality of opportunity
shall be not merely the cold formalities
of statute, but living birthrights which
the humble may confidently claim and
the powerful dare not deny.
THE CIVIL SERVICE.
The resolution referring to the public
service seems to be deserving of ap
proval. Surely no man should be the
incumbent of an office the duties of
which he is for any cause unfit to per
form, who is lacking in the ability,
fidelity or integrity which a proper ad
ministration of such office demands.
This statement would doubtless meet
with general acquiescence. But opin
ion has been widely divided upon the
practicability of various reformatory
schemes which have been suggested,
and of certain proposed regulations
governing appointments, to public of
fice. The efficiency of such regulations
has been distrusted, mainly because
they have seemed to exalt mere educa
tional and abstract tests above general
business capacity and even special fit
ness for the particular work in hand.
It seems to me that rules which should
be applied to the management of the
public service may properly conform in
the main to such as regulate the con
duct of successful private business.
Original appointments should be based
upon ascertained fitness Tenure of
office should be stable. Positions of
responsibility should, so far as practi
cable, be filled by the promotion of
worthy and efficient officers. The in
vestigation of all complaints and pun
ishment of all official misconduct should
be prompt and thorough. These views,
which I have long held, repeatedly de
clared, and uniformly applied when
called upon to act, I find embodied in
the resolution, which of course I ap
prove. I will add that by the accept
ance of public office, whether high or
low, one does not, in my judgment, es
cape any of his responsibility as a citi
zen, or lose or impair any of his rights
as a citizen, and that he should enjoy
absolute liberty to think and speak and
act in political matters according to his
own will and conscience, provided only
that he honorably, faithfully and fully
discharges all his official duties.
The resumption of specie payments, |
one of the fruits of the Republican pol
icy, has brought a return of abundant
prosperity and the settlement of many
distracting questions. The restoration
of sound money, the large reduction of
the public debt and of the burden of in
terest, the high advancement of public
credit, all attest the ability and cour
age of the Republican party to deal
with such financial problems as may
hereafter demand solution. Onr paper
currency is now as good as gold, and
silver is performing its legitimate
function for purposes of change. The
principles which should govern the re
lations of these elements of currency
and clear. There must be no
deteriorated coin, no depreciated pa
per, and every dollar, whether of metal
or paper, should stand the test of the
world's fixed standard.
THB COMMON SCHOOLB.
The value of progressive education
can hardly be overstated. Although its
interests must of necessity be chiefly
confided to voluntary effort and indi
vidual action of the several states,
should be encouraged so far as the
constitution permits by the co-opera
tion of the national government. The
interests of the whole country demand
that the advantages of our common
school system should be brought with
in the reach of every citizen, aud that
no revenues of the nation or of the
states should be devoted to the sup
port of sectarian schools.
TIIE TARIFF AND OTHER MATTERS.
Such changes should'be made in the
present tariff and system of taxation as
will relieve any overburdened industry
or class and enable our manufacturers
and artisans to compete successfully
with those of other lands. The govern
ment should aid works of internal im
provement national in their character,
and should promote the development
of our water courses and harbors
wherever the general interests of com
THE PRESENT CRIBIB.
Four years ago, as now, the nation
stood at the threshold of a presiden
tial election, and the Republican party
in soliciting a continuance of its as
cendency founded its hope of i-uccess,
not upon its promises, but upon its
history. Its subsequent course has
been such as to strengthen the claims
which it then made to the confidence
and support of the country. On the
other hand, considerations more urgent
than have ever before existed forbid
tho accession of its opponents. Their
success, if success attends them, must
chiefly come from the united support
of that section which sought forcibly
the disruption of the union, and which,
according to all the teachings of our
past history, will demand ascendency
in the counsels of the party to whose
triumph it will have made by far the
largest contribution. There is the
gravest reason for apprehension that
exorbitant claims upon the public
Treasury, by no means limited to hun
dreds of millions, already covered by
bills introduced in Congress within
the past four years, would be success
fully urged if the Democratic party
should succeed in supnlementing its
present control of national legislation
by electing the executive. There is
danger in intrusting the control of
the whole law-making power of the
government to a party which has in
almost every southern state repudiated
obligations quite as sacred as those to
which the faith of tho Dation now
stands pledged. I do not doubt the suc
cess of the Republican party, and that
its triumph will assure a just, econom
ical and patriotic administration.
I am respectfully, your obedient ser
C. A. ARTHUR.
NO LEGAL DISSOLUTION OF
• Something that is very often neg
lected by business men, and which
neglect, very often results disastrously,
is the precaution to advertise in the
public newspaper a notice of "Dissolu
tion of Partnership." A partnership
may be made in a hour, but cannot be
dissolved fully in leBS than four weeks,
not until after the same has been ad
vertised in a public newspaper in each
of the counties in which the firm had
places of business.
A recent decision of court, in Phila
delphia, is that no matter how long
the dissolution of a firm may exist,
there is no legal dissolution until after
public notice is given of tho same
through the columns of the county pa
per, aud a private notice sent to all
having open accounts with the firm at
the time of dissolution.
In the above case it was proven that
each member of the firm had admitted
that the firm had been dissolved many
years ago, and the accounts settled up
—every thing necessary done but ad
vertising; but the court Instructed the
jury that there was no legal dissolu
tion, and a verdict was rendered ac
cordingly. Until the full letter of the ,
law is fulfilled, either surviving part
ner is liable for any debt the other
partner or partners may make over the :
firm signature previous to the first uo
tice in the newspaper, which will stop
all proceedings, but it is not complete J
until the same has been published for ,
four consecutive weekß.
DEMAND FOR HE A VT HORSES
The Factory and Farm states a
• fact which we have observed to exist
in this city for some time past, ».
an increase in the number of large
horses used on trucks and heavy busi
' ness wagons. During the past fifteen
I years, the writer remarks, there has
been a great change in the demand for
horses in this country. Formerly
nearly every one bred in relation to
speed and endurance. Now a large
proportion of farmers breed with a
view to increasing size and strength
This change is not the result of caprice.
There has been a steady, increasing
j demand for heavy horses, and a cor
i responding falling off in the demand
for light ones. Fashion has had little
•to do in the matter. Heavy horses
| are wanted because they supply an ex
isting waut. From present appear
j ances it will be many years before the
; supply of heavy horses will equal the
I demand. The country is now well
j supplied with horses. At no time in
I its history, perhaps, were there as
many horses to a given number of in
habitants as at present. Small work
horses are low, but heavy draught
horses continue to be high.
The importation of Clydesdale and
Percheron-Norman horses increases
every year. The first that were
brought over were regarded as very
uncertain ventures. At present they
are of no dftubtful value. The impor
ters of horses from France and Scot
land have suffered none of the reverses
of the importers of short-horn cattle.
With rare exceptions they have be
come rich. From present appearances
we shall soon be sending Clydesdales
to Scotland and England, and Nor
mans to France and Belgium. The
value of heavy draught horses was
recognized in the Old World before it
was in the New. Now that their
worth is appreciated here, all persons
having teaming to do seem anxious to
Large horses are less liable to in
juries from the swinging of the poles
of wagons than small ones. Their
bones are firmer and they are com
monly more hardy. Large horses are
more economical as respects harness,
stall room, feed, and work required to
take care of them. In all the coun
tries of eastern Europe heavy horses
have taken the place of light ones in
general farming operations. That
American farmers will soon generally
employ heavy horses in field work
seems certain.— Scientific Am. N I'.
WHAT CONSTITUTES A CON
The preliminary contest in the St.
Louis Courts in the conspiracy suits
of the Yulcan Steel Works against
! their workmen has been decided in
favor of the company. The case is a
somewhat peculiar one. James Tighe
Dennis Griffin, Michael Dimon, Martin
Hanifin, Bart Fenton, Patrick Reiley
and Martin Hooley were employes in
the converting department of the Vul
can Works. On the evening of tho
sth of last April, when two heats of
iron were partially melted, the cupola
ladle filled with molten metal and the
pits covered with cooling ingots, these
men are charged with conspiring to
gether and suddenly going out upon a
strike for higher wages. This placed
the Vulcan superintendents in a pre
dicament, and they allege that, were
it not for the timely arrival of a suffi
cient force of men at the works jnst at
the proper time, the metal wonld have
become hardened in the receptacles,
causing the works to lie idle and put
ting them to a great deal of expense in
placing them in working condition
again. With the assistance of the
new workmen they succeeded in es
caping actual loss. The arrest of the
parties named followed for conspiracy.
Their attorney moved to quash tfce
proceedings on the ground that they
had committed no offense under the
common law. The acting' State at
torney claimed that it was both a
statutory and common law offense.
The case was finally argued before
Judge Cady, who delivered, at the ses
sion of the Court of Criminal Correc
tion, the appended decision: "The
statement contained in the informa
tion filed in this case, if true, consti
tutes, in my opinion, a clear case of
conspiracy. It is doubtless true that
there is no crime in the solitary fact
that the several defendants agreed or
conspired together that unless higher
wages were paid they woald cease
work, but it is equally clear that for
these defendants to confederate, on
spire and agree together to stop work
under tho circumstances and for the
purpose alleged in the information, is
an offense. It is true that tho mere
failure or a refusal to perform a civil
contract is not of itself a crime. But
the circumstances alleged in connec
tion with the refusal of these defen
dants and others certainly constitute
an offense. I am, therefore, of the
opinion that the motion should be
overruled and the defendants put upon
their trial."— Coal Trade Journal.
When an old toper pours out a
whisky glass two-thirds full, and the
barkeeper sarcastically asks him if he
is going to take a bath, he straightens
himself out, and with great dignity re
marks : "Sir, your Biblical knowledge
is very defective. A bath' is a He
brew measure equal to seven and a
half gallons, or thirty-nine quarts.
Your question is absurd !" The liar
Whenever the daily newspapers in
this section get hard up for sensations
they manufacture a new lie about
Johnny Steele, whom they designate
as Cool Oil Johnny. >lr. Stoele is
earning an honest living and it is time
the newspapers should give him a rest.
Cannot the potato bug l>c persuaded
to imitate Dr. Tanner ?
Two colored murderers were hung
at Memphis Tennessee, lately.
Ex-Empress Eugenie has left Cape
Town on her return to England.
As many people are injured by
careless walking on railroads as in ac
cidents by defects in machinery.
One square, one insertion, 91 : each subse
quent insertion, 60 cent*. Yearly advertisement*
exceeding one-fourth of a column, #5 per inch.
Figure work doable these rates; additional
charge* where weekly or monthly changes are
made. Local advertisements 10 cents per line
for 9r*t insertion, and 5 cents per line for each
additional looruon. Marriages and death* pub
lished free of charge. Obituary noticee charged
as advertisements. and payable when handed in
Auditors' Notices. 94 ; Executors' and
trators' Notices. 93 each; Estray, Caution and
Dissolution Noticee, not exceeding ten lines,
From the fact that the CITUSW is the oldes*
established and most extensively circulated B«
publican newspaper in Batler county, (a Repub
liean county) it must be apparent to bosineaa
men that it is the medium they ahooid use in
advertising their basineaa.
North Washington Academy.
EDITORS CITIZEN. —As trustees of
this Academy, we consider our work
as unfinished' without a brief statement
in your paper, of our impression with
regard to the condition of, and noble
work this Academy is doing in the
field of education. On reaching the
village one is greeted with an appear
ance of thrift and prosperity which
seems to pervade the place. The Acad
emy is centrally located, and entirely
out of debt. During the year there
has been more than two huudred dol
lars raised by festivals and entertain
ments, all of which has been judi
ciously expended in purchasing an
organ, library, globe, and other neces
saries for the benefit of the students.
At the close of last session the Pro
fessor concluded to give an entertain
ment and festival. Much might be
written with reference to the entertain
ment, but we must content ourselves
with the brief statement that the ad
dresses, rehearsals, orations and pa
pers on the occasion were of a high
order, not forgetting the fine music.
Indeed the entire occasion was a very
satisfactory affair, speaking well for
the past and promising much for the
future. Every performance being con
ducted in a masterly manner by a de
gree of scholarship on the part of the
students, which we do not believe to
be excelled in any similar institution
in the land. We take pleasure in
heartily endorsing the work of the N.
W. Academy, and in recommending it
to the patronage of the readers of your
paper as a thoroughly Christian insti
tution in which the efficient professor
gives untiring devotion to the work
and is nobly soconded by an able and
well-tried assistant. It is now provided
with two boarding halls, and under
the immediate charge of Prof. Crawford
and Mrs. Dickson, safe and good
rooms are provided'for all.
In regard to the festival it was
certainly a grand success, the best of
order prevailed, and the receipts footed
up to over one hundred and twenty
five dollars, (and it only a strawberry
The fall session of this school will
open August 17th, 1880. It is the
design of this school to impart thorough
instruction in all the common and
higher English branches ; to prepare
young men and women for college; to
fit those who wish to teach for doing
work in the schoolroom; to render it
possible for those who have not the
means to attend a college or higher in
stitution of learning to obtain a good
scientific education. The school sup
ports an excellent reading room, fur
nished with the leading current liter
ature, educational, religious and secu
lar. Boarding can be had convenient
to school, very low; rooms for self
boarders reasonable. This school is
in its infancy and the all-important
question to be decided by those who
expect to go to school is, "where shall
I go to receive the most benefit in
school,'' 1 and very naturally they select
one that has the largest attendance,
but the number of students does not
always mean the best school. The
best advertisement of any school is
its fruits—the young men and women
it sends forth fitted intellectually and
morally t<f take their Dlaee in life.
During the past year one hundred and
twenty-five students were in atten
dance. July 16,'80. TRUSTBKS.
AN OFFICIAL DOCUMENT.
The following letter is an exact
copy of one now on file in the Post
oflico Department at Washington. It
was received in obedience to orders to
| postal officials to make quarterly re
ports of the condition of their offices:
fulton Co ills
July the 9 1857
mister James buchanin, president
of the United States Deer Sur Beant
required by the instruction of the post
office to report quartly, i now foofill
the pleasing duty by reportin as fol
lows. The Harvestin has been goin
on perty, and most of the nabors have
got their cuttin abought dun wheat ia
hardily a average crop on rollin lans
corn is yellowish and wont tarn out
more than ten or fifteen booshils to the
aker the health of the communitie is
only Tolerable muesills and colery
have brok outin about 2 and a haf
miles from hear, thair air a powerful
awaken on the subject of religion in
the potts naborhood and meny soals
are being made to know there sins
furgivin miss nancy Smith a near na
bor had twins day be for to-morrow one
of them is supposed to be a seven
monther is a boar of a thing, and
wont live half its day this is all I
know and have to report the present
quarter giv my respects to Mrs. Buo
kanin and subscrib mieelf Troo
ley. Abigal jenkins
p m fulton Co ills.
ICE GORGE A T NEWTON, N. J.
An interesting ravine, in which
natural ice remains throughout the
summer, is attracting local interest at
Newton, New Jersey. It lies at the
foot of Blue Mountain, is several hun
dred yards long, from ten to thirty
fleet deep, with caves and clefts in the
rock, filled with ice. The shade at
the gorge is described as very dense,
the sun apparently never penetrating
it. Tho bottom of the gorge is covered
with ice, and the little caves and cre
vices are filled with it. The parapet
of tho mountain, like the Palisades of
the Hudson, is very nearly pcrpendio
ular, and rises about 400 feet above
the ravine, though which a current of,
cold air sweeps constantly. The
thcremometer, which registered in the *
nineties in Newton, marked 38° at the
bottom of this gorge—too cold for one
to remain there any length of time.
A few feet from one end of the gorge
a spring of the most delicious spark
ling water bubbles up. It tastes
slightly of iron, and Is very satisfying
to the thirst. The water in the spring
stands at H4°. The owner of the farm
on which the gorge is found, says that
it is much resorted to for ico, so that
by the middle of August but little re
mains except in tho caves and deeper
Immense copperhead snakes are now
being killed id Berks county. Th«
cauipaigu hue opened there.