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Marriage and death notices must be aeeompa
nied by a responsible name.
Address BVTI BR CITIKKI.
BCTLBB, IABNS CITT AND PARMH BAILROAD
Trains leave butler for St. Joe, Millcrstown,
Kama City, Petrolia, Parker, etc., at 7.25 a. m.,
and 2.05 and 750 p. m. ISee below for con
nections with A. V R R.J
Tralua arrive at Butler from the above named
points nt 7. 5 a. m.. and 1.55, and 6.55 p. m.
The 1.55 train connects wlib train on the West
Peun road through to muburgh.
■BIXIRSO AMD iLLMHEST RAII.KOAD.
Trains leave Milliard's Mill, Butler county,
for Hsrrisvllle, Greenville, etc., at 7.40 a. m.
and 12.20 and 2.20 p. m.
Stages leare#Petrolia at 530 a. m. lor 7.40
train, and at 10.00 a. tn. tor 12.20 tram.
Return Hages leave Hllliard on arrlral of
trains at 10.27 a. m. and 1.50 p. m.
Stage leaves Martinsburg at 9.30 for 12.30
Trains leave Butler (Butler or Plttsbnrgh Time.)
Market at 5.06 a. m., goes through to Alle
gheny, arriving at 9.01 s. m. This, train con
nects at Freeport with Free port Accommoda
tion, which arrives at Allegheny at 8.20 a. tn.,
Exprett at 7.21 a. m„ connecting at Butler
Junction, without change of cars, at 8-26 with
Express west, arriving In Allegheny at 9.5S
a. m., and Express east arriving at Blalrsvllle
at 1100 a. m. railroad time.
Mail at 2.96 p» m., connectlnc at Bntler Juno
tion without charge ol curs, with Express west,
arriving in Allegheny at 526 p. in., and Ex
press cast arriving at Bhilrsviile Intersection
at 6.10 p. m. railroad time, which connects w'th
Philadelphia Kxprrn eo«t, when on time.
The 7.21 a. tn. train connects at Blalrsville
at 11.05 a. m. with the Mail east, and the 2.36
p.m. train at 6.59 with the Philadelphia Ex
press east. „
Trains arrive at Butler on Weat Penn R. R. at
9.51 m. m., 5.06 and 7.20 p. m., Butler time. The
9.51 and 5.06 trains connect with trains on
the Butler & Parker R. R. Bun ay train arrives
at Butler at 11.11 a. m., connecting with train
Through trains leave Pittsburgh lor the East
at 2.56 and 8.26 a. m. and 12 51, 4.21 and 8.06 p.
m., arriving at Philadelphia at 8.40 and 7.20
p. m. and 3.00, 7.0 and 7.40 a. m.; at Baltimore
about the same time, at New York three hours
later, and at Washington about one and a half
PHYSI CIA NS.
JOHN B. BYERB,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
mySll-ly] BUTLER, PA.
0 1/ WALDRON, Graduate ol the Pbil-
K adel phla Dental College, 1s prepared
• 11 sto do anything in the line of his
profession in a satisfactory manner.
Office on Main street, Butler, Union Block,
up stairs, apll
BUTLER. I* A.
NEARLY OPPOStTE LOWBY HOUSE.
CAPITAL STOCK" 60,000.
WM. CAKPBHX, JAS. D. AXDIUOH,
President. 'Vice President.
W ■. CAXPBKU., Jr., Cashier.
William Campbell, J. W. Irwin,
Jas. D. Anderson, George Weber,
Joseph L. Purvis.
Does a General Banking k Exchange business.
Interest p*id on time depoeits. Collections made
and prompt returns at low rates of Exchange.
Gold Exchange and Government Bonda bought
and sold. Commercial paper, bonds, Judgment
and otherseenrities bought at fair rates 1a30:ly
LAND FOR SALE.
A handsome six-room frame house, loeaied
on Bluff street, northwestern part of Butler.
Lot 50*176. All necessary outbuildings.
TERMB One-:hlrd cash and balance In four
equal annual payments. Inquire at this office.
. For teale.
The well-Improved farm of Rev. W. B. Hutch
ison, in the northeast corner of Middlesex town
ship, Butler county, Pa , is now offered for sale,
low. Inquire of W. K. FKISBEE, on the prem
$5 will buy a one-half interest in a good bus
iness in Pittsburgh. One who knows some
thing about farming; preferred. An honest man
with the above amount will do well to address
by letter. BMITH JOHNS, care 8. M. James,
93 Liberty street, Pittsburgh, Pa. |au27-ly
/ETNA INSURANCE COMPANY
OF HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT.
Losses paid In 61 years, $51,000,000.
J. T. McJUNKIN A SON, Agents,
jan2Bly Jefferson street, butler, Pa.
Mutual Firs Insurance Co.
Office Cor. Main and Cunningham Sts.
G. C. ROESSINO, PRESIDENT.
WM. CAMPBELL, TREASUBEB.
H. C. IIEINEMAN, SECRETARY.
i. L. Purvis, E. A. Helmboldt,
William Campbell, J. W. Burkhart,
A. Troutman, Jacob Schoene,
G. O. Roesslng, John Caldwell,
Dr. W. lrvln, W. W. Dodds,
}. W. Christy H. C. Heineman.
JAS. T. M'JUNKIN, den. A«'t-
NOTICE TO FARMERS.
PHOSPHATE AND FERTILIZERS
FOB SALE BY
marl7-2m POIirERSVILLF,. PA.
HENRY O. HALE,
HIE RMCIIIT TillM,
008. PENN tn SIXTH STREETS.
[Suoceesor to A. 0. Roeeeing & Bro.J
GRAIN, FLOUR, FEED, OIL,
THE HIGHEST MARKET PRICE PAID IN
FOB GRAIN OF ALL KINDS.
BOOTS and SHOES
AL. R I FF'S
Main Street, - - - - Butler, Fa.
I hare just received my entire Spring 1 and Summer stock of BOOTS and
SHOES direct from the manufacturer, and am able to sell them at
and a great many lines at |Sgf~LOWER PRICES THAN EVER.
Ladies', Misses' and Children's Button, Polish and Side Lace Boots in
endless variety, and.at bottom prices.
Reynolds Brothers' celebrated fine Shoes always in stock, and is the most
complete I have ever offered. The prices are lower than ever, and styles
Parties wanting BOOTS & SHOES made to order can do no better than
by me, as I keep none but the best of workmen in my employ.
LEATHER and FINDINGS will be found in my store in superior
quality and at lowest market rates.
pgf~All goods warranted as represented. A¥J. RUFF,
B. L HUSBLTOITS,
THE LARGEST AND BEST ASSORTMENT OF
Boots and Shoes
To be found in any House In Western Pennsylvania, em
bracing all the Newest Spring Styles in the Market.
I am selling all this stock at
Recollect, NO ADVANCE. •=3^3#
Several lines of Boots and Shoes at even lower prices than ever. All my
customers have the benefit in buying by getting Boots and Shoes
that come direct from the manufacturer to my house.
No middle profits to divide up that parties
are compelled to pay that buy
from jobbing houses.
This Stock of Boots and Shoes is Very Large in the Following Lines
Ladies' Kid and Pebble Button Boots, - - - - $1.50 and upwards.
" " " " Side Lace Boots, - - - 1.25 " "
" Grain, Pebble and Kid Button and Polish, - 1.25 " "
" " Polish, ----------- 95 " "
" " Standard, very prime, 1.25 " "
" Serges, in Congress and Polinb, - 75 to sl.
" Calf Peg Shoes, all warranted
MY STOCK EMBRACES, IN CONNECTION WITH THE ABOVE, A PULL LINE OP ALL
THE FINER GRADES IN WOMEN'S, MISSES' AND CHILDREN'S.
The Gents' Department is very complete in every line in Calf
Button, Dom Pedros, Congress and English Walking Shoes, and especially in
Calf Boots, at $2 and upwards,
Brogans and Plow Shoes, at $1 and upwards,
Fine Buff Alexis and Congress, at $1.25 and upwards,
Low Strap Shoes, in every style, at $1.25 and upwards.
Boys' and Youths' Shoes in same styles as Men's, but lower in price.
Infants' and Children's Shoes, in Colors and Black.
Fancy Slippers and Walking Boots, All Colors.
This stock is the most complete I have ever offered, the prices are
than ever, and the styles are elegant. Ladies' Kid and Pebble Button New-*
ports, good, $1 to $1.25.
MMtei STQG& QF LEATHER AMD PIKQI.NaS
Always in stock. None but the best brands of Leather kept, and prices guar
anteed at lowest market rates.
me a call and I will save you money in your Boots and Shoes.
A careful inspection of this stock will convince you that the above is correct.
No other house can give you lower prices or better goods.
B. O. HDSELTON.
CARPETS !~QIL CLOTHS! MATS! RUG.i! STAIR RODS
a WEW STOCK! NEW STOCK! f
G HECK & PATTERSON'S 1
1 HEW CARPET BOOK !
TO NOW OPEN I £
P (in* Sioustfi off their Olothfng House, 5
3 Daily's Block, »eptao-tf Butler, Pa. X
isaogHivxs iwnp.H isxvw isHxoaono isxgjava
Union Woolen Mills.
I would desire to call the att* mtion of the
pnblic to the Union Wool«n Mill, Butler, Pa.,
where I have new and improved o lachinery for
the manufacture of
Barred and Gray Flannels,
Knitting and Weaving Yarns,
and I can recommend them aa being very dura
ble, aa they are manufactured of pure Butler
county wool. They are beautiful In color, su
perior in texture, and will be aold at very low
prices. Tor samples and prioes. address.
JulM.Tft-ly) Butler. Pa
AW ff W Tf W 18 stops, 3 set Beeds, 2 Knee
U llUtxi.iaO Swells. Stool, Book, only
$87.50. 8 Stop Organ, Stool, Book, only $53.76.
Pianos, Stool, Cover, Book, $l9O to $355. Illus
trated catalogue free. Addreea _
apU-tta W. C. BUNNELL, Lewi*town, fa.
Stock Speculation and Investment.
Operatiorw on Margin or by Privileges. Spe
cial busin< >-K in Mining Stocks. Fall particular*
on application. JAM EH BROWN, Dealer in
Stock* and Bonds, 64 A GC Broadway, New YO'K
Forty Dollars Reward.
On Tuesday night, April 27th, there was
stolen from the premises of the subscriber,
living in Penn township, Butler county, Pa., a
dark bay horse, six years old, weighs between
1.300 and 1,400 pounds, small star on the fore
head, shoulders somewhat sore from the wear
of the collar. A reward of S4O will be paid for
information that will lead to the recovery of
the horse. HARVY OSBORN,
mys-3t. Glade Mills, P. O. Butler Co. Pa.
BUTLER, PA., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 23, 1880
, C. WATTLEY &C 0
ABE DAILY RECEIVING
Fresh and Seasonable Goods!
I Spring Gloves,
Cotton and Lisle Thread Hose,
Fringes, Trimmings, Buttons,
Ha n dkerehiefs,
1 Lace and Embroidered Ties,
Elegant Neckwear for Men,
[ AND FULL STOCK OF
Ladies and Men's Furnishing Goods.
|yOur increased Room enables us to give pur
chasers the very best value for their money.
G. WATTLEY & CO.
109 FEDERAL ST. ALLEGAENY CITY PA.
OPPOSITE FIRST NATIONAL BANK.
Pittsburgh, Cincinnati & SI Louis
i pii-Hinu main i
Offers the best facilities and most comfortable
and expeditious Line for families
moving to points in
T E X A. » ,
OR ANY OF THE WESTERN STATES AND
THE VERY LOWEST RATES
TO ALL POINTS IN THE
WEST & SOUTH-WEST
CAN ALWAYS BE SECURED VIA THE
Tickets Sold and Baggage Checked
THROUGH TO ANY POINT YOU WANT TO GO.
We offer you the Lowest Rates, the Quickest
Time, the Best Facilities and the most Satisfac
tory Route to all points West and South-west.
We run no Emigrant Trains. All classes of
Passengers are carried on regular Express
If you are unable to procure Through Tick
ets to points in Missouri, Arkansas, Texas, Kan
sas, Colorado, Wisconsin, Minnesota, lowa, Ne
braska or California, by the direct "PAN-HAN
DLE ROUTE," at your nearest Railroad Sta
tion, please address
Gen'l Passenger Ageut, 'Pan-llandle Route,'
ST. CHARLES HOTEL,
On the European 3?lan
-54 to 66 North Third Street,
Philadelphia, - Pa.
Single Rooms 50c., 75c. and $1 per
O. X-*. Sclineck, Proprietor.
Excellent Dining room furnished
with the best, and at reasonable rates.
for all Railroad Depots
within a convenient distance.
THE GREAT ENGLISH REMEDY!
AHA rs SPECIFIC MEDICINE
T .. n . MiPlr „ , TRADE MARK,
IWADE MARK, IT )s especially
Before TakiiiP'irf l Memo^ t %'nT-After Taking.
versal Lassitude, Pain In the back. IJlmmness of
Vision, IVrmature Old aß<\ and mony other dis
eases that lead to Insanity. Consumption and a
l'ennature Grave all of which HS a rule are first
caused tiv deviating from the path ol nature aud
over indulgence. The Specific Medicine is the re
sult of a life study and many years of exi>erleuce
in treat inn these special diseases.
Full particulars in our pamphlets which we de
sire to send free by mail to every one.
The Specific Medicine is sold oy all Drunuists at
$1 per package, or six packages for $5, or will be
sent by mail on receipt of the monev by addressing
THE GRAY MEDICINE CO.,
No. 10 Mechanic's Itlock. DETROIT, MICH.
FAR-Sold m ISutli-r by J. C. KEDK K, and by all
AIIKIS & Evrifco, Whole sale Agents, Pitts
W. N. WAKEFIELD & CO.,
124 FEDERAL STREET,
A T 371 CENTS,
All-Wool Twilled Debege- 38-in- Wide-
NEW EFFECTS IIV
Foreign and Domestic Novelties, Arniures, Per
sian Cords, Brocades and Momie Cloths, In the
new colorings: Heliotrope, I'aon, Old Gold.
Bronze, Gendarme, Coachman and Navy Blue.
Black Satin De Lyon,
Bletck and Colored Silks and Satins.
I-awns, Cretonnes, Handkerchief Suitings, Mad
ras Cloth, Zephyr Cloth, and new designs In
Domestic and Housekeeping Goods.
42-INCH PILLOW MUSLIN.
Shirting anil Sheeting Muslin, Table Linens, Nap
kins, Towels and Towellnga,
Tnmmings, Kmbrolderles, Corset*, Gloves, But
tons, Fringes, Breton and Ijumuedoc Lace,
Scarfs, ltuchings and Fichus.
At 25 cents per pair, Special Bargain in Ladies'
Reg. Made British Hose, #2.75 per dozen.
rar*Bargains of Interest in every department,
which customers would do well to examine before
OKDEKH BY MAIL I'IIOMPTLV ATTENDED TO.
1.1. WIKIFIIIDI CO.,
I REPORT OF COUNTY SUPER
INTENDENT, D. F. M'KEE.
I The following report of Mr. McKee,
, County Superintendent, sent to Hon.
J. P. Wiekersham, State Superintend
i ent, will be interesting to our readers,
' as containing valuable information in
relation to the public schools :
To Hon. J. P. Wiekersham, Superin
tendent of Public Schools. Harris
burg, Pa. '
SIR :—School matters in this county
moved along without much friction dur
ing the past year. A growing feeling
in favor of a higher education is notice
able, and directors and teachers are be
coming more progressive and thorough
in the discharge of their duties.
The erection of several new houses
indicates progress. All those erected
were frame structures and range in
quality from very good to poor. The
mistake of building them too small,
aud the costly economy of constructing
them on a very cheap scale is still prac
ticed. If some definite legislation could
be had that would establish the mini
mum of grounds and houses with re
gard to their size, character and equip
ment, it seems to me that great good
could be effected thereby. It would
thus remove the possibility of erecting
new houses entirely inadequate to the
wants of the schools, or of locating
them in some almost inaccessible place
because the ground can be had for noth
ing. Such legislation could be enforced
by making certain requirements in re
gard to the points mentioned essential
to the securing of the appropriation.
Modern furniture has been largely
introduced both into old and new hous
es. The houses of Clinton township
were furnished entirely in the new this
year at a cost of six hundred dollars,
and other districts supplied one or
Some of the schools are almost whol
ly destitute of apparatus, yet the large
majority haveuore or less ; while none
can be classed as having a sufficient
supply. More attention is being paid
to that now than ever before.
The large number of applicants for
examination rendered the work very
laborious, and made it necessary to re
ject a great many. Still with all the
precautions taken, too many reached
the established grade and had to be li
Our teachers are realizing the neces
sity of further qualifying themselves
for their duties, and many of them are
utilizing their long vacation by attend
ing a Normal School or some academy.
All the schools were visited once
and a few of them two or three times.
Five were not in session at the time of
our visit. The very open winter ren
dered the roads almost impassable most
of the time, and much valuable time
was lost in traveling, which, with good
roads, could have been spent in the
About one-half of the districts adhere
to the practice of having their schools
in two, and sometimes in three terms
—a fall and winter term, or a spring,
fall and winter term. This system can
not fail to be pernicious, sometimes re
sulting in the employment of thrie, and
often of two different teachers of a total
term of five and rarely exceeding seven
months. Short terms induce the pay
ment of low wages and the employ
ment of the poorer grade of teachers.
The borough of Greece City closed up
its affairs as a separate school district
with the beginning of this year, and is
now, as it formerly was, a part of Con
cord township. The village of Evans
burg, situated partly in Jackson town
ship and partly in Forward township,
was erected into an independent dis
trict last summer to commence opera
tions as such with the next school year.
Taking time by the forelock, the citi
zens erected a commodious two-story
school house with the understanding
that the directors to be elected would
assume the debt and provide for its
payment when they organize. The
old house was located in Jackson, and
the schools were managed by that
board, but the new house is located in
Forward, and the schools were manag
ed the past year by the board of that
township. The house is creditable in
all respects, and marks the beginning
of a new era in educational affairs for
the people of that village and vicinity.
There are now five schools in the
county where the academical branches
are taught. Most of them are in a flour
ishing condition aud in time must make
themselves felt. All the other private
schools, with one exception, are of a
parochial character and connected with
some church. St. Paul's Orphans'
Home at Butler, Rev. T. F. Stauffer,
Superintendent, and the Orphans'
Home at Zelienople, llev. J. A. Kribbs,
Superintendent, arc both well managed
institutions, and do much good in their
Our county Institute was held dur
ing the last week in October, and prov
ed a success, although the time was
earlier than heretofore. A strong aud
growing in interest was manifested by
the large number present at every ses
sion. Its meetings are now looked for
ward to annually with more thau com
man interest. Prof. J. H Young of In
diana, Pa., and Prof. E. A. Angell, of
Allegheny, Pa., acted as instructors,
and Prof. Young, Col. A. Frank Selt
zer, of Lebanon, Pa., and Hon. J. P.
Wiekersham, Superintendent of Public
Instruction, favored us with lectures.
Subsequently a series of local Institutes
were held at different points in the
county. They gave good satisfaction,
and I am convinced that they can be
made a most effective aid in awaking a
good educational sentiment. Hon.
Henry Houck, Dept. Superintendent of
Public Instruction, assisted at these,
and to him much of the credit of their
success is due.
The territorial extent of the county,
the shortness of many of the terms and
other things combined, render it impos
sible for one person to effect the close
supervision which is absolutely neces
sary to the full success of the system,
yet I fail to see how even as much good
could be accomplished in any other
way. I desire to return my most hearty
thanks to teachers, directors and citi
zens throughout the county, for their
kindness aud hospitality extended to
me while in the discharge of my official
duties. Very respectfully,
D. F. McKEE,
Superintendent of Butler County.
In connection with the above report
w publish the following statistics fur
nished us by Mr. McKee:
MESSRS. EDlTOßS: —Herewith T]hand
you the written report sent to the De
partment of Public Instruction at the
close of the past school year. The sta
tistics are to voluminous to publish in
full, but I submit a few of the totals:
No. of School houses 235
No. of Schools 262
No. with suitable furniture 161
No. supplied with furniture during year.. 25
No. of male teachers employed 174
No. of female teachers employed 88
Average age of teachers 26
No. who have had no experience 47
No. who have taught more than 5 years.. 100
No. who intend to make teaching a per
manent business 176
No. of visits to schools 286
No. of directors accompanying 57
No. of districts 43
No. of pupils enrolled 12,575
Est. No. child'n of school age not in sch'l 1,944
No. of days spent in official duties 274
No. of miles traveled 3,332
No. of official letters written 274
Those who think can cull a few facts
from the above, and those who do not
think may possibly find something to
stimulate their thoughts into action.
D. F. McKEE,
THE ARMY WORM.
A correspondent of the New York
Sun, describing the worm which has
visited New Jersey, Long Island and
other parts of the North, says : "The
army worm that has appeared this
year is about an inch long, and of a
slate color, and looks like a dark grub
or a caterpillar species. Its back is cov
ered with a rough fur or coating of
bristly hair, which protects it to a
great extent from the wild birds,
though the harder-throated hens eat it
up with a relish. Its eyes are plainly
visible, and from its head projects feel
ers. The fore part of the body is fur
nished with unnumbered legs, while
the hind part lies flat on thd ground.
Its motion is something between a
walk and a crawl, and it gets over the
ground at an astonishing rate."
The worm in Frederick county has
none of this rough fur or bristly hair;
its back is perfectly smooth. It has six
legs from the fore part of the body,
eight from the hinder part, and two at
the tail end. Its motion is undulating,
something like that of the inch or
measure worm, but without so much
elevation to its back. It has a raven
ous appetite, and evidently possesses
strong organs of digestion, as it is con
tinually passing » black, dry excre
ment. In a bottle containing half a
dozen of these worms, kept over night
in my room, the bulk of excrement in
the morning fully equalled that of the
A representative of the American
called on Prof. P. R Uhler, Of the
Peabody Institute, showed him a num
ber of the army worms from Freder
ick county. The Professor said they
were known to entomologists as the
Leucania unipuncto, or Northern army
worms. They are in the butterfly or
moth state everywhere in the South
during the winter. They have four
wings of a drab color, with white disk,
relieved by a dark shade on the front
wings. They remain under bark here
in the North, or in sheltered places
during the winter, and lay their eggs
in May, which are hatched out when
warm weather sets in. They will now
feed up for a month or less and go into
the chrysalis state, whence they will
emerge as moths in the fall or spring.
For unknown reasons, the insects be
comes extinct in certain localities for
years, but appears anuually in greater
or less quantities in various sections of
the country. Paris green, lime, salt
and strong alkalies were formerly used
against them with success, but latterly
they appear to become impervious to
poisons. The best means of fighting
them is to build trenches, with the in
ner side next the crops slanting in
ward, as they cannot resist the laws of
gravitation. They change their skins
five times while in the caterpillar
state, and employ from three weeks to
a month in becoming a chrysalis. Just
before this time occurs they burrow in
crevices in the earth and remaiu there
until spring, or possibly come out as
moth in the full. In Missouri and
Maryland they appear as caterpilars,
and do much damage to the crops in
June. In latitudes further north they
appear later all the way to September,
when they are seen in Maine. There
are six distinct kinds of caterpillars
known as "army worms." Four are
covered whith hair and two are not.
The former are incorrectly named.
Those found in Frederick county are
the genuine army worm.— Baltimore
There is genuine economy in plant
ing the rows across a garden so that
all vines which make their widespread
growth in the heat of advanced sum
mer shall be between rows of plants
which come off early, so as to give the
vines room. In applying this sensible
system, rows at some distance from
each other an) marked for tomatoes,
squashes, melons, cucumbers and cele
ry, and retained until the time to plant
these crops. The next adjoining rows
are set with the early removable on
ions, pecs, early potatoes, radishes and
lettuce, and between these are grown
cabbages, beets, late potatoes, carrots,
parsnips, corn and beans. In the next
year it is easy to change the place of
every item grown while adhering to
the main features of the arrangement.
A boy can imagine almost anything.
He can lug an old shot-gun about all
day without firiug at a living thing,
and be under the impression that he is
haviDg a howling good time; but all
attempts to induce a boy to imagine
that ne is killing Indians when he is
sawing wood have proved futile.
INTERESTING NUPTIALS OF
ROAR I NO BILL.
The rector of the St. George's church,
Leadville, belongs to the church mili
tant. He has proved it beyond contra
diction, and at this moment public sen
timent pronounces him the ablest and
most powerful clergyman for his weight
in the United States. A committee of
leading citizens is abont to present bim
with a silver-mounted revolver as a
testimonial of respect and admiration.
The Rev. Mr. Withers earned this
enviable reputation a few weeks ago
while engaged in marrying the well
known Mr. Roaring Bill to one of the
most beautiful and accomplished daugh
ters of Leadville. The bridegroom was
a man of most excellent reputation,
having killed three men in hand-to
hand fights, and wounded a number of
others. He was not accompanied to
the alter by any groomsman, and the
bride was similarly devoid of brides
maids, though their place was taken to
some extent by her three brothers. Mr.
Wituers who, up to that time had been
known as an extremely peaceable man,
and was not supposed to have a parti
cle of fighting ability about him, had
been warned that the bridegroom was
very quick-tempered and exceedingly
jealous, and that he would do well to
"ladle out the service pretty consider
able mild." To this warning, however,
he paid no attention, being determined
to do his duty no matter what the con
sequences might be.
The services proceeded smoothly un
til the clergyman reached the point
where he asked the bridegroom if be
took the 'woman' to be his wedded
wife, To this Mr. Roaring Bill re
marked that he was about to marry a
'lady'and that any man who called her
a 'woman' must be terrible anxious to
incur the expense of a personal funeral.
Paying no attention to this remark, the
clergyman proceeded and inquired, if
the bridegroom would promise to love,
cherish and protect the bride. This
was regarded by Mr. Roaring Bill in
the light of an unnecessary asking of
foolish questions. "In course I do," he
replied; "what do you take me for?
Do you mean to insinuate that I am
playin' it on her? I want you to un
derstand that this is a fair deal, and if
you don't just go ahead with your mar
ryin' and drop this askin' of imperti
nent questions it'll lead to difficulties.
You hear me." Still the courageous
clergyman, heedless of the brewing
storm, ignored the bridegroom's inter
ruptions, and read the service with cool
and steady courage. Presently he in
quired of the bride if she would love,
honor and obey her husband. At this
point the latter drew his revolver and
informed the clergyman that he was
fast ripening for the grave. "Any
more personal questions will require
me to answer with this yer weapon. I
don't wish to make a row in church,
but if you will have one, just continue
as you have begun. I'm a peaceable,
long suffering man, but the holiest feel
in's of this lady's heart isn't goin' to
de pried into by man without he hears
The clergyman pursued the even
tenor oi bis way. One might hare im
agined that he was deaf, so utterly
heedless was be of the irregular re
sponses made by the bridegroom. The
spectators who had assembled to wit
ness the ceremony were making bets
freely as to wether Mr. Bill would kill
at the first fire or whether he would
merely mark him with a bullet for fu
ture identification. Contrary to general
anticipation, the bridegroom made no
interruption, either by word or bullet,
and the ceremony came to an end. All
might have ended peacefully had not
Mr. Withers determined to do his whole
duty, supplemented the ceremony by
kissing the bride.
Tbe first bullet missed its mark, and
the bridegroom while pausing to adjust
bis aim, remarked that "this painful
immorality on the part of the clergy
must be checked." Just as he was
about to fire the second shot—having
got the clergyman's right ear in line—
the brother of the bride sprang on bim
and took away the pistol. At the same
moment Mr. Withers tore off his sur
plice and, leaping over the railing,
struck out at Mr. Roaring Bill in tbe
most beautiful and scientific way.
A ring was immediately formed. The
bride climbed on the baptismal font,
and alternately encouraged each com
batant with such remarks: "Now then,
Bill, bust in the eye," or, "Hooray,
parson, the eye of the church is upon
you! Back up your religion like a lit
tle man." The eager spectators sought
for a good position in the pulpit. The
betting at first was on the bridegroom,
but at the end of ten minutes large
odds were offered on the clergyman.
His courage was undaunted, and his
pugilistic skill was astounding. His
adversary scarcely touched him, wLile
the clergyman danced around him, now
closing an eye, and now shaking the
foundation of his teef .... -"ing
confidence that createt. the wildest en
thusiasm. In twenty minutes and five
rounds he had reduced his man to per
fect helplessness. Mr. Roaring Bill
cried "enough," the spectators cheered,
and the bride, descending from her
perch, kissed the clergyman with a
hearty frankness, and iuformed bim
that she would never allow any hus
band of bers to come between her and
No less than thirty leading citizens
came forward and offered to be confirm
ed as an evidence of their good will,
provided the the rector would refrain
from interfering with card playing and
other usual Sunday recreations. There
is no doubt that the prosperity of St
George's church and the popularity of
Mr. Withers are fully assured.
Charles Laiub was ia the babit of
wearing a white cravat, and ia conse
quence was sometimes taken for a cler
gyman. Once, at a dinner table, among
a large number of guests, his white
cravat caused such a mistake to be
made, and he was called on to "say
grace." "Is there no clergyman pres
ent?" "No, sir," answered a guest.
"Th-then," said Lamb, bowing his
bead, 'let us thank God."
"Papa," said a little girl, "give me
a ride upon your knee." He took the
little gallop at once.
One s*jnai%, one insertion, tl: each subse
quent insertion. 60 oents. Yearly advertisement*
exceeding one-fourth of a column, >6 per inch.
Figure work double these rate*; additional
charges where weekly or monthly changes are
made Local advert iaements 10 cents per line
for flret insertion, and 6 cents per line for each
additional insertion. Marriages sad deaths pub
lished free of charge. Obituary notices charged
aa advertisements, and payable when handedin
Auditors' Notices. t4; Executors' and Adminia
trators' Notioee, $3 each; Estray, Caution and
Dissolution Notices, not exoeeding ten lines,
From the fact that the Crrtzn is the oldes*
established and most extensively circulated Be
publican newspaper in Butler cont> l y, (a Bepufc
lican county) it most be apparent to business
men that it is the medium they should use in
advertiaing their buainees.
EASTERN SHORE OF MARY
LAND, KENT COUNTY.
EDITORS CITIZBN : During a recent
visit from one of your well-known rea
ders to this portion of the State, the
writer was a little surprised to find
bow little WBB known by him of the
productions, geological formation, re
sources, Ac., of our shore. The
thought that some of your readers
may feel ail interest in the great peach
region of the States, as well as other
matters connected with the Peninsula,
prompts this communication.
Delaware and the portion of Mary
land, known as the Eastern Shore, is
situated between the two important
bays, Chesapeake and the Delaware.
It is nearly all of modern formation t.
e. sedimentary, and was at some re
mote period prior to the glacial age,
part of the rocks and clays embraced
in the land lying at the head waters
of the Susquehanna and Delaware
rivers. The alluvium formed a bar in
the old Ocean which in due time be
came dry land either by upheaval or
by the subsiding of the waters. This
peninsular extending nearly two hun
dred miles due south, is from sixty to
twenty miles wide, and is composed
of fine sand and clay with no rock or
stone to be found anywhere. It is
generally level or slightly rolling.
The highest point it is Baid, being only
80 feet above tide water, yet it is suf
ficiently rolling to afford easy drainage
to the numerous tributaries of the
Chesapeake and Delaware bays which
indent the land in every direction and
afford easy and cheap transportation
to the various markets. Most of the
rivers and bays are navigable for
steamboats and sailing packets and in
Kent county, Maryland. I believe
there is no farm further than 4 miles
from a navigable stream. The mar
kets are Philadelphia, Baltimore and
New York, all of which being accessi
ble by both rail and water in a few
hours to all parts of the peninsula.
The great productions of the Eas
tern Shore in grain, are wheat, corn
and oats, and by the census report be
fore me I find that the average of the
three grains gave about 130 bushels
to each inhabitant in this county, and
this after much of the best land has
been planted in peaches. Many of
the farmers count their peach trees by
the thousand, and ship many thousand
baskets of peaches to market, where it
is considered the finest flavored fruit
to be found. At this time the farmers
are rejoicing in the prospect of an
abundant crop, as the trees are loaded
with the young fruit and all danger of
frost has passed. The main question
now is how to get it to market. From
the wharf nearest to the point where
I am now writing, over one hundred
thousand bushels are likely to be
shipped, and from the next one (6
miles above) ono hundred and twenty
five thousand is the estimate, most of
which finds a ready market in Balti
more, where numerous canners have
their factories, employing thousands
of women and children in preparing
them. The same establishment can
oysters in their season, which follows
the peach season. The shipping of
peaches commences about the 25 of
July and continues about two months,
the different varieties following each
other. A number of canning houses
have been started among the orchards
which secures ripe firuit Shipping
peaches are pulled before they are fully
ripe, and many of them are sent to
Chicago and other western and north
ern points; indeed, I have seen them
in Canada from my immediate neigh
borhood. What surprised "my visitor
most was the cheapness of the land
compared with far inferior land in his
country for agricultural purposes.
Our lands are easily tilled, being en
tirely free from stones. We have fine
roads, a turnpike being unknown on
the peninsula. The farms are well
fenced in, often with hedge fences ex
tending tor miles. The water is gen
erally good and obtained from wells
mostly within a few feet (10 to 30) from
the surface. Pears, apples aud berries
of fine flavor tre extensively cultivated
and since our vinyards have come into
bearing the New York, Philadelphia
and Baltimore markets are often glut
ted with the different varieties of
grapes, the Isabella and Concord reach
ing prefection. Besides the produc
tions of the land, the water furnishes
luxuries such as oysters, fish and crabs
and the creeks, inlets, Ac., abound in
wild game such as duck?, geese and
In many districts there is some
trouble in the spring and fall from
malaria, producing ague and fever;
yet in other places the country is as
healthy as can be found anywhere.
Pulmonary complaints are rare and
hay fever is unknown as far as the
writers knowledge extends. Two
persons who hid been victims for
years to the later disease visited mo
last August and were surprised to find
that no indication of their trouble ap
The grasses, such as timothy, clover,
orchard grass and blue grass grow
finely and usually abundant rain fur
nishes important food for grass. Prior
to the war of 1776, tobacco was the
main crop of the county, but the war
stopping the exportation of this article,
the attention of the farmers was di
rected to wheat raising which has been
sue essfully carried on ever sinco. It
is well known to millers that the
finest wheat fouud in the Baltimore
market comes from the Eastern Shore.
It always commands the highest price,
having a thin hull, and is known as
Owing to the peculiar geographical
location of this peninsular, it is rather
out of the line of travel, is therefore
but little known and but little emigra
tion has found its way here. Having
been cultivated before the emancipa
tion by slaves almost entirely, many
of whom left the country, much of the
land has been neglected; and purchas
ers being few, the price has been very
low; but as it is becoming better
known, we feel assured its value must
increase. A P. S.
Rock Hall, Kent county Md.
Cats have no fixed political belief.
They are usually on the fence.