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THE WHOLE ART OF GOVERNMENT CONSISTS IN THE ART OF BEING HONEST. JEFFERSON.
STROUDSBUKG, MONROE COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY, APRIL 21, 1S53.
Published fy Theodore Srhoch. with the regular formations constituting J has been secured by the wise and benev-
TRRMS Two dollars per armnum in ftdvancc-Tuo fL ..... Qf the globe. UOr with the foS- i oleilt prescience and provision of the Cre
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nnlniwl hl-tlm tiriinnoli T 1 1 1 hn 1 1 n n i.r 1 V? 1.9
JVperyearTexfir ' ,f" ;
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tecu lines) will be inserted three weeks for one dollar,
and twenty-fire cents ror every subsequent insertion,
a liberal discount made to yearly adtertiteis.
ID All letters addressed to the Editor must be post-
JOB P ft I IS H IIS G.
Harinr a general assortment of large, elegant, plain
situ onmnicntHi T pc h c urc prcpui cu i
to execute every aescuption ot
Cards, rirculirs, Bill Head's, Notes, Dlank Receipts ,
justices, Legal land oti w:??,-
nriniCU Willi licauicaa unu utsuaitu, oil icauiiuuie
AT THE OFFICE OF THE
JFef fersoina.il Keptiolicnii.
Lay of (he Anxious DcMoi
ADDRESSED TO HIS CONFIDING BUTCHER.
Am "Will you love me then as now!"
You have told me that you trust me!
And you prove the words you speak,
As you send the meat in daily,
And the book but once a week!
May I hope your kindly feeling
Nothing ever will estrange,
And this pleasant mode of dealing
Circumstances ne'er will change!
When you send a twelvemonth's bill in,
And to pay 1 don't know how,
When you hear I've not a shillin',
Will you trust me then as now!
Though a month may pass unclouded,
And you send what's ordered home,
Yet, as week on week advances,
Thoughts across your mind must come.
You will lose your old politeness,
And reluctant fill your tray,
Cheerful looks will lose their lightness
When you find I never pay.
When my debts have passed upon me,
And my tradesmen made a row,
Will the change find you unchanging-
W ill you trust me then as now . i unclu
THE HUMAN ERA.
BY PROF. SILLIMAN.
The following is from the twelfth lec-
ture ot rrotcssor csiinman, at tue aiann-,
bouian Institute, Washington City the '
ireneral subject being GeoloL'y : )
27ciaIa.-Man appears in the '
, . , . ,
geological order at the top ot tne scale or
the animal creation
There are no human bones or works of!
the regular formations, nor do we find '
them until we reach the upper surface, or
position very near to it.
The length of this lecture will make it
necessary to omit many of the facts, and
to "ive chieilv the propositions and con-''
Geology and the Scripture history are
in perfect harmony as regards the order ,
of succession of living beings, and in both,
man appears later than any of the fossilized
, . j i rnu i l l l
plants and animals. The large terrestrial
animals, both herbivorous and carniver-
ous, roamed among tiie granu lorcsts oj
the tertiary period before man was crea-
ted, and their bones, occasionally, bear
marks of a violent death or of combat.
Some of the animals, especially hyronas
and bears, inhabited caverns. '
The delude recorded in the Scriptures
was a miraculous event; and, although
' ' .
various physical causes might be assigned
to account for the overflow of waters, il is
not incumbent on neology to account ior
wcrp rnvarnA If trill follow taking the
. . ' , T '
tune into consideration that the water
rose at the rate of ahout one hundred and
eighty feet a day, or seven and a half feet
I. .1 xl. e
' u v '
ttic rise of a common tide, winch is con-
sidcrably less than the rise in the tides of
the river Wye, in England, or the Jjay ot
lundy, in Sova Scotia. .
The rush would have been considera-
would have been considera-
ble, and when it passed througn narrow
valleys and gorges, and over barriers, or
down precipices, it would occasion furious
currents and cataracts. If, as some sup-
pose, the deluge rose only high-enough
to execute its commission, the effects would
. . ...
e pronortionatelv less violent, but still
The effects of thc deluge would not be
forming, but destroying; the waters would
laoerate the surface and transport all
loose materials, and everything which the
violence of the flood could tear up and
wove. Drift, stonos. boulders, itc.. would
this miraculous catastrophe. If we are engineering. The materials derived from is equally necessary to suoiuuity and ; Thou givcst its lustre t0 MiaseeVa wing,
tn.u fl, ,,,nnf IWmllv flint Miftsfl rocks, and others of similar oriffin. oeaiy oi csiiuiy, as iu uuuty m ine aru, Ana wheels thy throne upon the rolling w
iUV UlgUCL IliUUUlUlilS UllUl LUC LLLIL.U LJLLLLsA J J W - i . A I , U v. J I . l,, w... "
be borne alou and deposited here andibles do upon the present surface of tho
tW f i,f nn m,l-r fnrmo t ground, by being covered by the sediment
there a,t random, but no regular lorma- fa , ' , , 9, . 'i
tion would be produced and no fossils.
Thc deluge, therefore, bad .no concern
J3 in fl,n IV. n ti L I nn i 1. i
Peu UV 111 iMrtlu,uS atwtia il3 luu
; temlS were DrouSut alJ0Ut them bJ sca"
' iment or crystalizatiou. The universal
dispersion of arranged and unconsolida-
ted stones, gravel sand, clay, &c, (called
, 'f ' ' , V , ,
,dnft)ovcr the surface of the globe, would
jsccm tairly referable to a general rush of
turbulent waters. We do not, however,
find in the drift auv remains of man or of,
his works, and there have been many lo-;
cal ocluges and much diluvial action;
I ! . i-ii
Yhlle the continents and islands were e-
merging from the waves. Still
reasouably be admitted that a
the drift may have been move
ipoMted by the deluge, and possibly some
of the remains of the huge animals. The
, rhinoceros iound m the upper part of a
: cavern, must have been brought in by
! , . . . .
1 same rush ot waters that moved the
(drift; the orifice by which they must have
j entered. The position of skeletons of
whales among loose materials, far inland
necesnrilv iinnHps i nprvirlinrf niQli nr n
iiLLuarny liiipaes a pervading rusu or o-
i t . ,
; vernow ot waters.. Jiany ot the gigantic
i quadrupeds appear this was the fact par- deposits of vast thickness below the coal. ' word day is used, in this short narrative, j State; and in the Bill of Eights forming bufc few be educated. And while
j ticularly with the to have been mired as! It was impossible that there should be in all the senses in which it is ever cm-1 part 0f tbc ne,v Constitution, (Sec. 7) j the government leaves all religious teach
' modern cattle are; mastodon, while feeding any fresh waters as long as there was no ployed in language; and significantly in ; W(jr(Jg cimilar arrt U3od ' to aertinS entirely out of the system, it surely
I in the swamps and morasses. land" elevated above the waves. The e- the recapitulation or summary , in the be-1 ue 'jneinle We have for these places all christian denominations on an
m, ., , . . , vaporated w-ater rising to bo condensed ginning of the second chapter, day is used,' tue SIime Pnn01?lc- " L uavo' 101 lUL-1 . - ,. ,
i The idea formerly entertained that the into rain would, of course, become again for the whole period of the creation, and j reasons, watched with no little anxiety, j eql footing; and witti uis our people
! old continents were sunk and the bottom Faline as it fell into the ocean. i in the same sense in various parts of the the effect of the resistance offered in cer-1 are for tae most Part satisfied. W c wish
; of the ocean raised, at the time of the del-. But as soon as the mountain-tops and scriptures. tala places, first to the use of the Bible wcre 80 univcisaUy.
' uge, is disproved by many considerations, contiguous lands were elevated, then rills 1 The periods required for all the amazing 1 ' . , fi " t th .bolc j We urge then, our Catholic baettiern
j XT ii ' - 1 , , ..
iso allusion is made in the narrative
to such a catastrophe, and, had it happen-
ed, there would have been no propriety
j in giving the height of the mountains as
' i inpicnro nf flip liomlif of flip -trofira nv
1 a measure Oi me neignc or tne waters, 01
.uv. u,. v.
tains as a standard of the decline of the
waters ; neither reference would have had
, any meaning had the mountains been in
the bottom of the sea. nor could the dove
have '"'plucked ofF? an olive leaf from the
sunmergea groves ; nor could tne Human
family have resorted immediately to agri-
culture aud horticulture upon a surface cov-
ered with ocean mud and sand and marine
, , . , .t , . .
deposits which it would have required
many years to decompose into a tortile soil,
Human remains will be found fossil,
whenever the sea shall give up its dead :
they will be found imbedded along with
the bones of animals, with coins, cannon
and shot, anchors, and utensils, and what-!
ever else may have been swallowed up by
the sea, and which has resisted the cor-
rosions of i'3 waters. The object of the
deluge was punitive and destructive, and
this it accomplished : but there is no cvi-j
dence that it produced any change in the
crust of the earth.
n: ' i. ' - 1--L i i- f
Ine ooject in view in the production of
the regular formation of the earth was
quite amerent, ; it was eviaentiy to pre-
pare such a world as would be a fit resi-l
dence for the human race, and the means
i. i -i l
employed wcre the great powers inherent
h r i i i
m the earth as the agents of the Almigh-
ty, who works by means.
The primary dominion of fire produced .
the granite, the syenite, porphyry, the
c 7 f, . c
trap, and basalt, which torm the basis ot
the planet, and afford some ofthejnost
. , , . , - i-. ,
important materials ior arcnneccure ana ,
the metainornhic rocks : those early elate
A ,. ' . . ' t ,
strata which are intermediate between
the igneous and the fossiliferous forma-'
Tl, A.,fv r-nn.a M nnrnnnaA rtf
. . J i t . L r
--f "UV " ; ; i
. tfac adhesiou 0f the 1fraffmen1t3 citbcr
h' siinple oohcsion or by means of a finer
basis, or by infiltration. Vast strata
were produced m this way, and appear.:
were produced in this way, and appear ,
ecoia or conSomprate as maybe
gen n m structures: e. 'the Smith-.
soniail building, which is red sandstone,
and the pillars of the Houses of Congress
and the court-room in the Capitol, which
AcnAfMfillv thn nalcarftous. afiord buildinof
,r ux ml! j i.i ,
siones oi uxceuuui quiuity, uiiu luuiuie j
nnrl nrovnntprl from decavino-. as veireta-
and sand and other materials which have '
formed the solid starts tbe coal measures:
f n i . ,, , ' and economy of human lite. From thee is all that cheers the life of man,
exquisite ueautv, in wmcu, wuen ponsneu r wauuu. muu auu was at ursi paie, men mg incra in tne case, opposition to exist- loft alone. L never could
, t -tl" iiii-..i :ji. rlJsintffirvfltion nncl wnsliino- riown. niTonis ,. i' I. ... ... . . .
, i i " . t t t i - i i r nn rrrvc rti j nn iiiiik nnn mnniunino ro r i m. i . i. i: l . l , i . i ,i . . ..
tne iosens, oucu miou wiiu uaiuuic ---- -- -0 uui " uiwuicnta anurnwugi ,ng institutions, recogn zed in our State cneo between the in urv done
OUS spar, suines out wiui "ruav uriiirauuv w- toV.., , , .... uuu uu uuinuniuu miaiuvur 01 uur nerves nnnC!tit..,i'. .i i i p , on t Insniooo t mifnnvnihpr
, 1 A.,. to J ihnzo. flfloRts dnnpnd iinoii Hinso nnuers. j tt.. i..i i Constitution, and encouraged and foster- "f P--e, tuaironj otner
'lrom a uarii uasis. -, r mucuw. nci uauua uuu 111 ins uuiu- . , , . . it; l theretore have come to
Ihe ocas or coai nave poqn iohuuu - v..-fe.w j , uieu, auu sim was uuauie evuu so to com- o fi Son that ras does not nrv
, from the most ancient terrestrial vogeta- JtB ,, j liu manu ner nps, as to articulate a syllable. iuaJ'i "1L 9u,e ?uow oi reason, anu is from ii,iurin. the corn at
.tion. evidently created for this purpose, vation is accomplished iif modes, the dis- In her fright, the mother, who now under- actually by many persons construed in- much n.4 it iW, ;;,., tl u.
and this inestimable -benefit to mankind
"VTninc nf mofol l,n n nnmi rrwl nrtnrl In
; the rocks by geological laws; whether
, , , .,
they were raised in vapor from below, de-
: posited bv fusion, or by galvanic secre-
! n " .i vj a
tion. lrom the solid vem3 oi quartz or
' : , Stone, wn:
, have been often d
; the vein stone, whatever it may be, they
i i d i a t i J xi li.
Imtfn noon ntfoii i nfnn mr -r- vothnr thn
veia has been broken and thus tbe
nietal has become alluvial. This is par-
ticularly true of California, where the
S01U 1S IounQ caiGUiT in "lis conuition,
although it is found also in the regular
veins in the rock.
Salt, the creat antisentic of the ocean.
' . 1 . . .'
was doubtless tormed originally from its
; ant periiaps fiourine, contribute to the
saline character of sea water, arc alwa's
present, more or less, along wiui cammon
I Tho orimnnl noor.-n rrmsf.. thnrnforo. of
neeesitjj heave bcen saline. 'with such 'cle
mcnts tbere con( bave been 110 otber re -
suit; and this state of things made it ne-
cessary that the earlist created beings,
both vegetable and animal, should be
. . , ' . . ..
marine. This accords exactly with the
..i,-cf frtCC;n:frtvr.n iina nrii
and broods 01 tresti water would be pro-
, , ., . c , 1
duced on the surface to refresh the new-
iy.created terrestial vegetation, and, per-
colating through the strata, they began
to form reservoirs in the ground, and ever
and anon, fountains aud springs of water
. 1 a
would rise from the earth, and, after
w t.n cnU.wlm.Ii rnnininnrl
from the ancjent submersion, permanent
sources of fresh water would be supplied
and since that era, they have never ceas-
The elevation of the land was neces-
sary to place the mineral materials of the
earth ithill tho reach 0f man. a globe
mathematically regular would have ie-
quired the most painful and expensive
Don"S a?u unmg m order to discover,
reach and raise the substances most use-
f u Jnan B the sW f h
hills and the mountains often disclose
their trasures to the eye, and latteral
galleries, mines, and quarries are made
with facilit' among the solid strata, and
the water runs off by natural declivity.
The elevation of the land was necessa-
ry to create hydraulic power. Had the
globe been only a regular sphere there
'would have been neither rills, brooks,
rivulets, or rivers; nor springs and foun-
tains, nor artesian wpII.-j. nor moishirr; so
near tbc surfaco a3 to nourish vegetation,
and, of course, animal life. No wheels
could revolve by falling water, except
from trifling reservoirs, painfully elevated
byman, and frequently renewed, as a
J. , ... f c J ' c .
and powcrful hydraulics established bv
The elevation of the land has produced
a11 tbe variety of grand and beautiful
scenery by which the earth is adorned.
. i n wi i mi i
A round world, without hill, or plain, or
mountain, or valley, would have been
tame and monotonous in the extreme.
Had the world been composed of only
one kind of materials, for instance a
World Of granite alone, or of marble, or
of jron 0r even of"-old (so much desired )
who could have li?cd in it? -
aii tne variety wmcu ixou nas given it
Tlio nlrnrnf Inn nf tln Innrl virnrlnfn'r?
v.ineiy oi unmaiu. xiiuiiiguu&L muuu-
tains, even under the equator, show an .
arctic winter on their icy summits a
winter which never relents and a tropi-
yai vuiuaw tAuo ai, luuu itxu iuuu uu-
tween these extremes are the ciimates of,
the temperate zones; and all the vegeta-
bie productions, above and below are in
Pcriec;L wrresponueuco. uroupa oi snowy
.. ; n nrn.noi
t . P I I
le3S aud sunny Lainbardy, Piedmont and
Tuscaiiy maintain a splendid verdure and ,
Puce rich crops by the vast natural
aT a h the ol(J ,
gta 1 r' e Laye no h reservoirs
u ia ,
ie flow of our rivers
The elevation of the land, by exposing ,
of remarks incon
ot tnese abstracts.
mi.. a.. .n..:.j eAx- :
fVa rrorlMTTT nf flirt- "TTnitorl SffitoQ 1Q
-rich and various, and affords all the ma-
, it mav elements, sodium and chlorine. Potas- the events to happen by natural laws, 't f i i fil0nfrh not universallv so. In
nnrfin nf siumalso, and calcium, and magnesium, established by the Creator, expressive of ... . ,..,i w;f i,
poraen or , ' i . 1 1 mi i i h. j- J 1 j j our State, their origin was coeval witti
, , , metallic bases, whose compounds in the his will, which is thus distincly recorded . .
a ana uc- snl- fnrm w:ti. fii,inr:11(, jn,i;n nrnmiW in thn ofirth itsftlf. 'Tim bfi-frinninrr' is 1 her territorial formation as well as crec-
.. It ,1 l Ml . , 1
cussion oi which wOulu involve a ran
dtcrials for the arts, for agriculture, for
commerce, and domestic comfort.
The geological features of the country
have a creat influence on the employments
nnrl cKflrnnfnr nf tlif 1 till !1 nit ft lit??- :1S Well
I .i . -. . r . i Li...
as on the productions 01 tne respective
sections North, South, East, and West,as
was in the lecture illustrated by facts.
But in the case of geology there is not
even a literal discrepancy. On the con -
L ii li i i r i- ,.
frnrr oil rho (rnn mmnn tnrm.nrinn (11;
lrespond in the order 0f time, and as far
'as they are described in the scriptures,
', with the nature of the deposits, especial -
u . 1 i l
ly in tne succession 01 creaieu uumg
nnrinwpri wif li liTf. nnrl man m both SVS-
terns crowns the whole.
The only change required is extension
of time, so as to afford enough to allow
not limited in time, and may extend as
'far back as the case may reqire: thus
providing ior an tne cany rormations.
sarilv such as we now denote bv that
i word There could be no reguiation and
1 division of time, as we now have it, un -
til the sun was set to rule the day.
Morning and evening may be, before
that time, figurative expressions, denot -
. , P r,
mg merely beginning aud ending, as we
Mvf.lo mnrmnrr nml nmn nflifo Tii
series 01 events recorded in tne eartn. are 1 , , ' ,
, , , ' : common school svstem bv Roman Cath-
necessarily long; and if time was measur- cou,aiou b1,11001 i'JblulJ UJ aiu
ed by natural days in the fifth and sixthlolic clergy. This has bcen particularly
periods, during the creation and sepul-! the case in New York, Philadelphia, Cin-
ture of innumerable races of marine and j cinnati and Detroit thoush to some ex-
terrestrial animals, there must have been 1 ., . . .JT ,, , c
, tent it 1S co-existent with the spread of
a repetition of very many of those days
to mab.nnt ji Inno- Pnnn h -cv i n h rr. rrhf
as well be regarded at once as a period
of sufficient length for the work
The Sabbath stands by itself after
tne worK 1S nnisned, a moral institution,
having no necessary connexion with the
' preceding physical events. By it man is
' every week reminded of his Maker and
his destination, and although neither
' morning nor evening are in Genesis named
in connexion witn tne ftabbatu, it Has no ,
doubt always bcen of the same length as
now, and does not belong to the geological
If this view is not acceptable, it is still
indispensable that in some way the time
was very long, and no oilier person can be
1 admitted as qualified to judge in the case.
There is reason to believe that man has
been in the world more than six thousand
years, and the antiquity of the planet
refers to ages before man was created, the
allusion in the commandments and in
other narts nf f,hn snrinfiirAs in ihn kiv
days, would, of course, be made in confor-
mity with the language adopted in the
narrative, which, being for tho mass of
mankind, was necessarily a popular
history, although of divine origin: and the
, . . , , . ;v:1Io1,,i u""
that was in general use, although as half
the time, at least, was inconsistent with
astronomical laws. Extension of the time
to such a leng th as to cover the events by
the operation of physical laws removes
Ta- ,l ; i -.i i . '
every difficulty, interferes with no doctrine
of religion, and prepares us to exclaim
with our divine poets,
TheC are thy glorious works, Parent of Good:
Almighty : thine this universal frame
Tims wondrous fair: Thyself how uohdrous, then,
Unspeakable! who sits above the heavens,
et these declare thy goodness beyond thought.
And power divinc.-Miiton
His power to suffer and his witl to serve
Butoh! thou bounteous Giver of all good,
Thou art of ait thy gifts thyself the crown,
Give what thou canst; without thee we are poor-
And with the rich takc wnat tliOT1 " iU aw.iy-cowper.
The Poison of Tobacco.
street, who had been using a decoction of .
tobacco for killing insects unon some 1
O JL i
plants, left it exposed where a child found
ana drank of it, certainly not more than'
onQ Bwallow The little sufferer upon
this went to sleep in her nurse's arms, &
remained in a sound slumber two hours. ,
It is proper to observe that no on knew
what she had been tasting, until she a-
. 1 1 1 t . i l mi -ii -
stooa tne cause oi tne emu s illness and
iisteran active, emetic, while she sent fori
I . i ,i .. 1.1
nociofonin nnil In nn Iinur- tn llflr. ettf I
ferer had entirely recovered from the ef-t
lects ot the poison.
We had an opportunity on Sunday of of tho State expressly declares, that no """" "uu,u, 0"'.crw,sc. e in tne corn,
l c l a l cl- i a . , , wfiu wu 10 piow ic earner in the spring
messing a part of the effect of this pow-, religious or other sect, shall have any ex- or ih thc faiiF nrerion3 Ono nf m v
narcotic and poison. A lady in 8tb elusive right, to, or control any part of bors, a few years since, plowed un his sod
From Uie Zanesvillc (0.) Aurora.
American Free Schools.
If there is anything, which is peculiar-
'lv tlif nrirta nnf? rrlnrv nf Atnnrinnn riti-
v r a-j
' zeh?, aside from their political freedom,
' jt 3 their Common Free Schools'. In
AT:1,husettg vew York. Ohio. Indiana
' ,, ' c. , ., .
and inany other States, their organization
i i a
.and practical working, are more or less
perfected, and receive very general ad-
. miration and support at the hands of
. . tl fe i e we gav ven, cn.
cral, because not universal. The Bible
known a3 King James' translation, with-
out note or comment, is a very general
'tion into a state. For the celebrated or-
: dinance nassed bv Congress, July, 17S7,
! organizing the northwest tcrritor', af-
firms: 'that religion, morality and knowl-
' edge, being necessary to good government,
!and the happiness of mankind, schools
1 and the meaus of education, shall forever
:be encourae(.' And the same senti-
j . G '
mente in nearlv the same lanruwe. were
Iut-U 111 uy iau0ua0
1 retained in the late Constitution of our
i Q lOUjan V.atU011C religion. WC Had,
! as it now seems, vainly hoped that, this
resistance would be short-lived, and that
sooner or later, wc could all give Com -
mon Free Schools, a cordial, hearty, u -
nited, and generous support. "
Vvre go for the perpetual continuance
of the largest possible'liberty in matters
of religious belief. Nor would we offer
any violations of conscience.
But we do think that the Eoraan Cath-
nlin. flnrcrv firr- law? iTflr-r mtnlron
notions, in their opposition to Common
Schools in the United States. Mistaken,
we say, in regard to the ultimate results j b'adIusfc uas ti,G sainc nShts as an pis--to
be "apprehended from a continuance in ( copaliun or Methodic. In this way, can
their present hostile attitude to Free ! throw around our schools a bulwark,
Schools in Free America. Our rea-jwbieh Vl'm be impregnable to every as
sons for thinking they are mistaken, are S3ult D0 aD(1 Ierler-
1st. Their church acknowledges a for
eign head, who i3 temporal sovereign o-
ver the States of the church in Italy.
2nd. Their acknowledged spiritual
head in the old world, confers eclesiasti-
cal titles and privileges on their teachers , as ,nJ knowledge extends, a mixture of
in their churches in the U. States-whose ?ho re.n and Gourd-secd yields a bct
, . . . ! ter crop than any other kind I ever saw"
claims to spiritual dominion, harmonize, tried. The gourd-seed is of a hardish
but imperfectly, with the spirit of our nature and weighs heavily, while the
free institutions. j Oregon is softer and lighter, but measur
ed. The Catholic clergy cannot bring jin5 raorc tIian enough "over the other va
the great mass of their adherents to op-! to nke up the deficiencies in
& n oil. m, ' WG1S"fc- hY making a mixture ot thoso
poseour Common School system. ahistwo wc get a kind about half way between
is evinced, from the fact, that they failed J them, which I think is much superior to
in arraying them against the new Con-' either kind alone. It has bcen four year
stitution, which they undoubtedly at- If5"0,? adoPtcd tIie aove plan, and I ful-
.nmLn a oru n l'l- i b" believe I can raise five bushels more Jo
tempted. Still more recently, a petition ff, nnw.n n T , , c ' ,
r , . . . . , , , . . , tl3C acrc tuan ever I could of the gourd
was got up in Cincinnati, headed by Arch- scca aione. Tf aome of your rea(iCrs would
bishop Purcell, and signed by eight hun-jgive it a trial, I think they would be able
dred others, and presented to our Legis- to communicate to you, accounts of having.
laturc on the 8th of March, ult.. asking
that a portion of Common Schooi Fund
be set apart for the maintenance of Cath-
' olio Schools, This, thoush thev knew
(perfectly well, that the new Constitution
the Common School Fund of this State.'-
And. verv rocentlv. in t.lm nltv of T)tmU
J I v. - wviviv.
they attempted to seize upon tho schools
in the election of officers, and were si-n-
4th. In countries where tho Catholic
religion is predominant, no attention is
paid, by the church or government, to
the education of the massess. These be-
w - "
o foreiu interference with our domestic
jearf, as' this foreign -Urfcrenc&, amrwo
fi,,rt , i , oxperiment has iully gati.-lied him as to
I vi.w.w II' I'll I I 1 tlW" ... rJ I VJI1 I. Ill I .' I 11 , . . . v
. v 5 i -ii - ,,tU1.? early spring o.wiii'r, as 1 have
grates so -harshly on ViVerican-Ijev8r ha 0f hif mVinir ita suQond tri-
I are painfully under the apprehension,
! that a continued hostility to Common
I Free Schools or other institutions, pecu
liarly American, on the part of the Cath
olic clergy, will lead to the moafc unpleas
ant consequences. It arrays one portion
of our fellow citizens against anotlleand
fosters and encourages the worst possible
feeling of enmity to each other.
We do not wish to dictate to any one,
but it is among the glories of American
liberty, that all may speak out boldly
and fearlessly, their thoughts on all pub
lic matters. We could wish, however,
that our Catholic clergy would be satis
fied with having their people placed on
the same footing with all others, instead
of demanding public money to be set a
part, to maintain schools in which their
peculiar religious faith may, or may no&
be taught. This would be unequal, and
we hazard but little in saying, will never
be the case. It is the privilege of all, if
they think they can do better, to send
their children or wards to other than pub
lic schools. But the histary of the past
teaches us, that if the Government does
not provide means of education fot ally
to pause and reflect. Consider the re
sults which may be brought about, by
your present attitude to Public Schools
in this and other States. In the muta
tions of public opinion in America, time
may bring about the result you desire;
which, if we can rightly get at it, is an
entire abolition of covernuient education
! Wc cannot cloS2 without urging the?
(friends of popular education to pursue a
j moderate, yet firm and consistent course,
in sustaining our Common Free Schools;
takin2 care not to gc any just cause of
offence to any religious sect or denonn-
nIition5 for in thb waJ opposition will
he disarmed. Kemember that relizious
belief is not tolerated, but held as an in-
WeniaUe right by all. A Musseltnan or
From the Germantoicn Tiiegrajm,
The Best Corn,
Mr. Editor.- I would say that so far
l31sea JarSor cr0P3 ot corn tuan they can
1 would al
plowing for corn. The later the "round
is left before broken nn tho bettor, ns bv
50 tloiS wc get rid of much of the jrrass,
: ,i.:i. i i .1 i ..
hi tho fall, and after runninrr over it with
' a square harrow, he rolled iU and Mt it.
thu'? until spring, when he put double the
work on it that the neighbor.- did on t heir's
which was plowed later in the spring, be
fore he got it in order to plant his corn.
This corn required double the amount
of labor to tend it also as the others. It
was the most grassy piece of corn I ever
saw ; at one time it looked as if it would
w t w it- 2.JJA iltlill LI li V llillt!l, LIII1I it
a j - - -
see any differ-
by the worn
cnt thc wornr
least, not as
inn ii if a
' J T uvi UUC"
)ing time came the yield was not as froo.1
fas uau neon anticipated, and i believe thc