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THE WHOLE ART OF GOVERNMENT CONSISTS IN THE ART" OF BEING-HONEST. JEFFERSON.
STROUDSBURG, MONROE COUNTY PA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1.S52.
mK w If JjIfyAif "-
Published fey Theodore Scliocli.
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AT THE OFFICE OF THE
From the Burlington Free Press.
TONE "Rory O'MoiC.'
Now Paddy, my darlint, just listen to me,
While I give ye some hints that "will help ye to sec
The wiles that the LoVies are laying to take
The sons of owld Erin, who're not wide awake.
If a can of good whiskey, they show you the sight
(And, faix! its not bad, on a could winther night !)
Then Paddy, my boy when they urge ye fb dhrinK,
Just be prudent, my lad, and lip 'cm the wink
Don't heed 'em, the blackguards' they're full of defate,
For your votes at the election they're lying in wait;
!snw Paddy, my darlint. just listen to mc,
And I'll leach you some sacrcts of Democracy
Och, Paddy, my boy. of their promises fair
It's mesclf that's in arnes-t, would bid ye beware.
They'll trate ye and chatc ye, and laye ye at lat
To go to the dogs when election is past.
Sure, ye know, Paddy darlint, our faith was a scorn
to the tyrants who ruled o'er us, where we w ere bon..
So we left our dear Enn and came to the shore
wheic the flag of the Freeman shall wave evermore,
Vf'll fierlit . u-iltifinn heart. Mid tf 11 vnlfntli nnn -nmr
Then Paddy, my darlint, just'listen to me.
And I'll teach ye some sacreU of Dem-ocracy.
They'll tell ye, my lad, in the old Granite State,
llut, raaay, my jew el : aoni lei -em 1001 you :
He's a spalpeen, belave me, who faints in the fight.
While brave men arc falling, he thows feathers white
Wnen true men are urging the widows' fair claim,
On the negative vole you will find Pierce's name ;
Worthy son of New-Hampshire, the only free State,
Where our sons, to hould office, must be apostate !
Then, Paddy, my darlint, just listen to me,
While 1 teach you some secrets of Dem-ocracy.
He once on a time gave a whole cint away.
So his heart must be oncn and gin'rous as day !.
llut Paddy, my darlint, don't be caught by a toy,
VII show you a jewel He's just the owld boy.
To win aft the hearts of Green Erin's bow Id sons;
Then let's give Scott a volley from true Irish guns,
We have not forgotten the caution he gave us,
when he sought from the cords of the Britsh to save ut,
That the brogue don't betray us, 'tis silent we'll be,
Lest we lall in the snaics of false Dem-ocracv.
jruuuy mujkuu.vu.jlu ,
Tl J 77 7- I T:i.
just imported trom the sister isle, tooir to
ms employer-m iviimarnocK, tne otner
day, the first cloth be had woven since bis
Mis employer detected m the cloth two
holes, within half n inch-of each ptber,
and told him be must pay a fine of a sbil-
ling for each hole,
And plaze ye,' returned Pat, 1 is it by
the number of holes, or by the size
them, that ye put the fine on us !'
'By the number of holes, to be sure.'
t A JS mm t T Lnln , . A Wk A 1 1 Atlfl 7 tl tllft
same price V '
itt i -n: r. V ;
xixcu give iuk a
pucu xauuj , uu - "
. , , : 1 X nil'
his hands, he tore the two small holes m-
to one, and exclaimed, 1 by tbe hill of
Howth. and that saves me one shilling,
au. MV n I
7Tn ii,y T.enJ i iMT-inrr lnsf rpftlr. an
--""to 7 ,
.... 5 i e T
old ladv. named Mack, resident of Low-
oiuiauy, luuuxai-, t
erMt. Bethel, Pa.
She left the residence ,
of her son about two weeks before, and
during the time she was missing was seen
but onoe, and was then engaged picking
berries. The body was found in a corn
field, much decayed. Bel. Intel.
Grain Revived in Africa. Letters re
ceived in Paris, from Ghcscbell, in Afri-
that tbe ancifcnt seed
-to. . . ; A ,oeco
i nour, gram, .auu .,
during the time" of the kings of ancient .
Egypt, have bpen sown in the garden of
a farmer and produced several ears, which
offered a new species entirely unknown to
modern agriculture. It appears :th at these j
grains of com, which have been taken out
of a coffin from the Pvramids. offer the
, ...... .....i..
. f W 1
uupearuuue oi a large ear in tne centre,
rt- iftiu tti in iuc oiiiu,
around which are six or seven smaller
ears, like the branches of a tree. The
length of the ear is ten or fifteen centi
The leaves are bearded and lar- 1
ger, as wen as more rougn than those of
il . i .r
the ordinary corn. Each ear contains!
froai seventy to ninety grains. No donbt,
this new corn will be adopted all over Eu
rope, for it produces three times the num
ber of grains of the other kind of corn. '
Every grain is nearly as big as two of'
A Broken Heart
The interesting case of a literally bro-
, . . i , . -i 1 t
ken heart we subjoin, was related :by Dr..
J- K.JMitchel, of the Jefferson .College,
-p. , ,. , . . . , ...
i "iiiii, iu ma mata ijisl wiumij nuuc
"lecturing upon tbe disease of tbe heart.
It will Tjc seen, on perusing that it the ex-1 ;Tenshun; squad ! This is a great sculptures made in the remote era of lle
prcssion, " broken hearted," is not merely ' countr', and has got a great start among meses the Great.
figurative : j the white nations and Injuns of tbe airtb. ! "The sculpture on the walls of tbe grand
In tbe early part of bis medical career j What makes it great? "Where does the hall arc after those of Medeenet Abou,
Dr. M. accompanied as a surgeon a pack- conglomerated elements of its greatness and on the exterior wall of the Karnak,
nf. flinf snilofl hur.wprm T.ivflrnnnl nrtrl nni? ' mini from ? T. answer iust bring 'OUr themost interesting 1 have seen in Eo-vnfc.
I of our southern ports. On tbe return yoy-
the doctor, and the captain if the vessel,
a weather-beaten son of Nuptuc, but pos-
; scssed of uncommonly fine feeling and 1 applause at my eloquence, for you'll put beads. There are ten or twelve in a sin
' strong impulses, were conversing in tbe j me out if you do. Yes, the militia js the gle group, and the figures, though they
j latter 's state-room, the captain opened a bone and grizzle of tbe country. It locks, J are not colored exhibit tbe same distinc-
large chest and carefuj took out a num-
bcr of articles of various descriptions,
which he arranged upon a table. Dr. M.
surprised at the display of costly jewels,
ornaments, dresses, and all tbe varied
paraphernalia of whicb ladies are natijcffulgence in a glow of Icelandic fervosity,
rally fond, inquired of the captain his ob-
jectin having made so many valuable
purchases. The sailor, in reply, said
; that for seven or eight years, he had been
devoutedly attached to a lady, to whom of business, when you come to bug down CVcr to doubt that the peculiar character
he had several times made proposals of the naked reality on't. 'Taint everybody ' istics of tbe different races of men were as
marriae but was as 0ften rejectcd : that
1 , J 7 ,
her refusal to w,cd him,howcver, had on-
ly stimulated his love to greater exertions;
J o '
, and finally, upon renewing his offer, de- "Ceahezer thrown in for effect. No sir-cc igiu of the race. I have as yet, though
claring in the ardency of his passion that There ain't a bigger nor more important f deeply interested in the subject, not look
; without her society life was not worth bav- critter afloat than a live militia ossifer, j ed ipto it sufficiently to take 'either side;
, his return from his next voyage. Ilewasso
' overjoyed at tbe prospect of a marriage,
from whicb in the warmth ofhis feelings, be
probably anticipated more happiness than
is usually allotted to mortals, that he spent
all his ready moneT, while in London, for
, bridal gifts.
4 C-i 111 C J
uicr sazing at mem iouu-
for S0,ue time' aud rcmarkiQS on them
; in turn, "l tinnK this will please Minnie,"
and " I am sure she will like that," be '
replaced them with tbe utmost care. This
ceremony be repeated every day during
" tbe voyage ; and tbe doctor often observ-
ej a tear jrlisteningdn his eye. as he spoke
, , , , -
of the pleasure be would have in present
ing them to his affianced bride,
On reaching bis destination, the canta
arrayea himself with more than usual pre-
cisionj aud disembarked a& soon as pos-
w tohasten to hig love As hc m a.
bout to step into the carriage awaiting
h be - called a.dtfb twogeiltleraeD
desired to make a 'communication,
11Tnnrf nf tllf fll. uj'
the purport ot which was that the lady
, y i -f -lif ii ,1 i . j
bad proved unfaithful to tbe trust reposed
in her, ana marnea another, with whom that notnin' astir couiu put 'em out but iatly gfcrat the others and let. them pull izened lacquer-work genorally in vogue.
she had decamped' shortly before. In- the milt,ia- Th.a!i.ar.e a facy Tn'?c him backward for a hundred yards or One wing of the bouse is devoted to fam
. ,i i ' cheers.for tbe militia m general, and the! . . . ... ii;os nrif lmlinc. i10 nt.l.m- in linnbttlors nr
skuuuv luu UiIijlui ii i aa uuscivku iu uiaii
totood to Ms lrMst ,nd -Ml
ground, lie was taken up and conveyed
to bis room on ibe vesgel rjr jj. was im
mediately summoned: but before be reach-
ed the poor captain be was dead. A post
m0TtQm canjination revealed the cause
o i.:s unfortnnate deeeasfi. Wr
lllS unfortunate decease. His heart
found literal torn j twai , Tb(J
tremendous propulsion of the blood, con-
scauentuDon such a violent nervous shock.
forced the powerful muscular tissues asun-'
aer, aaa me was at an enu. jluc heart
was brolien. I
SnSiooimiwiier n nd FiniU ;
f -T . ,a . . -,T T" ,
uvpu, huvib xu ..,.
" Ua.the map, sir." I
" I mean, Josepb, in what continent
tbe Lastern or the Western continent?"
"Well, tbe land of Africa is in the
: Eastern continent, but the people sir, are
an or 'em down oouth.'
" What are its products 2"
" Africa, sir, or down South V
" Africa, yon blockhead!',
" Well, sir, it hasn't got any ; it never ;
do fcb .f . ,
" By drawing.'
. . . r r
" Drawing what-
".lNTo,sir by drawing their breath !" I
"Sit down, Josephj" i
" Xhomas, wnat is the equator i"
" Why, sir, it's a horizontal pole run
nn perpendicularly through tbe imagi
nations of astronomers and old geogra
-11. .'u -
r w:n: '
uro to your itjai a.uuuiuo. iinum
Stiggs, what .do you mean by an eclipse?" f
tt A n nlmSft is a. thin as Wars when
, the moon gits, on a bust, and runs agin the
Rim: r.onsenuentlVtbesun blacks themooh's.,
lace ! '
. " ... I
" Class is dismissed."
There were 196 marriages in 'Trenton !
lor uie year euuiug.uuc aok, u ui
- J.L. -JI T.. Ut oil nf nrliinlv
I o nnnt A 1 tvai-a hatnroon TT minor rfnrilP. 1
f (.aju 1 'V W.ftHIVK" """6X1
The number of births was 405. of whom
180 males, and females.
The editor of the Albany Microscope
' i t 'Vi ,i xt.
:,is a captain in the militia, and made the
' following spirited address to bis company
' . ,1 ,l.f Anm XTnn ,m
, iu vuu .nwu guiiwm lunu.
Friends, Countrymen, and Sodgcrs!
j right foot into line, Sargent Snike I an-
Stop your darned cheering men : don't
bolts and bars the gates of creation, and
stands sentinel on the tallest ramparts of
Nature's dominions. This Republic would
be a miserable consarn, but forthemilitary.J
It keeps the ardent sperrits of military
I'm attached to it, myself. I think its
rich. The system can't Be bettered.
Polks call it a farce. I don't seenothin'
to laff at in it. It's a plaguy solemn piece
that can put oh the rcgimentalities, and
look like old Mars, the god of war, with
a decided touch of Julius Junias Brutas
all riggid up in tbe full catouterments of
glory with straps to bis breecherloons,
epelets upon both shoulders, brass buttons
from bead tew foot, silver stars sbinin on
the tail of bis coat, a cap and plume on
bis head, and a drawed sword in his band,
Such a site's enougb to make fallen man
T ,1-11. I
ana woman inniK oeiter or ms specie :
Tis indeed !
I Deiieve the prelucent delirium or this
destined Republic is centred in its militia,
It can't stand . without it. Without, its '
proud motto is, 'Divided ice stand, united
Stop cheerin' you put me out
i -.i- , . i i - S
General Washington belonged to
militia so di'd Sippio Afri-cane-'us so
didBoneyparf so did the Wizzigotb j.bat
ravished all Europe and bur t its fences
and its stone walls and so also, sodgcrs,
I believe if all tbe out doors should
burst threw tbe parafurnailye of the an-
e or the an-
imal economy, and slidejlown the greased
Plauk of oncestral delinquency
j t tl b , savannfirs of rl,
into tbe broad savarmnrs of tin's smillin'
iand 0f asses milk and untamed honey, '
., . . . . . ,-.
'Ve.S,m?nt,nI,artller' S.7"? TJr.lTZT.mm taaieUy to torn X.Wyi
ground arms !
Who's afraid ?
Where's Mexiko, Kal-!
on? Who's afeerd of j
iforniko and Oreegon
them? The mortal 9909th can
tbe life out of that are yaller, half Span- j
ish varmint, that Mexico, any moruin' a- j
fore breakfast. Our motto is, "Liberty j
and death, now and forever, and and in-;
separable !'' Wbooray for Mesas Jj
Down with Texico I Let's licker ?
The First Saw-Mill. The old practice ,
. ' t
in maKmg Doaras was to split up the logs ;
.:t. ,.a..c . .,nA i
itii cu, aim luanimeui- ua uiu
,. .1 .
practice was, it was no easy thing to per-!
x, ' ij ...i i . .fa,
aue " o aone. m
ay oewcr way. oaw-mius were urst
used in Europe in the 15th century : but
So late as 1555, an English Ambassador,
havinc seen a saw mill in France. rhnnrrTir.
H a novelty which deserved a particular
0 , 0
LI if Pel, I I1U11 III JL' l itUW. tUUU"UL I
description. It is amuzing to see how the '
' aversion to labor-sav
1 always agitated England
H603: but tbe public out-cry against the
' new fangled machine, was so violent, that
j the proprietor was forced to decamp with
uew fangled machine, was so violent, that
more expedition than ever a Dutchman
i did before. The evil was thus kept out'
.nf Kncrlnnrl-fnr mnnv vonrs nr rnt hor
generations ; but 1768. an unlucky tim-:
O " J J J ,
ber merchant, hoping that after so long!
w- " I w -.a --- I . V V
uicu, uuu a iiuuowcuuuuo muu m. uu
. , , .. .
coiiectea ana nulled the mm to meces.
Such patriotic spirit could not always last, !
nA Z i, nhJJ i
the fact distinctly stated., there is-reason
to believe that snw-milh are usnd in Knff.
. . ' v ri
The Sacrifice of Lifc. There havtf b'eeii
during the present year.twehty:onestean-
, .- jrti r i - n tm,
- ' - Om - -
nuraber of persons killed 'arid, drowned is
728, and injured 100. ''
a time the public would be less watchful f IVn uw. s , auoV.u 1 T u,"r
-? of its own interest, made, a rash attempt ad stirred with wooden shove The grog-.
- to" construct another mill. The guardians d.flt.e- wptM itself from the water , y 1?ok? afraid of daylight and ashana-
- nf th nnWin wlfnW Jinwr-r nn W,11CU 18 t,ien aliowett .toTun on. Liie.fld 0f itself, as it well may, and evidently
Unity of (he Races.
: Bayard Taylor, iu bis last letter from
ij. v..w.:,v vi
the JN.unudian A lie, gives, a very mteres
ting account of some of the old Egyptian
l1.mnimmritet,n1,.. a mi.. f.i
. '""-'"v-uuo nu urem ciu;uuiiu;iu. jluc.iuI'
'lowing extract relates to some colossal
On the end wall, on either side of the en-
mg llemcses slaying a group of captive
' kings, whom be holds by the hair of their
tion of race as I had previously remarked
, in Belzoni's tomb, at Thebes. There is
the Negro, tbe Persian, the Jew, and one
other form of countenance which I could
not make' out all imploring with uplifted
hands the mercy of the conqueror. e
"Op the southern wall, the distinction
between tbe Negro and the Egyptian is
made still more obvious by tbe coloring of
the figures. In fact, I see no reason what- f
strongly marked in the day of Rcmcscs as
at present. This is an inte'resting fact in
' discussing the question of unity of the or-
I . O TL
( but, admitting the different races of men
to have had originally one origin, tbe
j date of tbe first appearance of man on tbe
earth must have been near fifty thousand
j "If climate, customs and the like have (
been the-onty 'agents in producing the.
' .. n ... - .
variety or races which, we hnd so strongly,
marked nearly four thousand years ago,
surely those-agents must have been at
work for a vastly longer sftiod than that
usually accepted as the age of Man. Wc
are older than wc know, but our begin-
ning, like our end, is darnessand mystery,
"I spent some time contemplating these
grand and remarkable memorials of the
rrreatest ao-c of E'vnt. and left with mv.
feeling for Egyptian arts even stronger
HOW tO reform a Balky HorSC.
if Y0U havc one harness him into a
rrnn i i.; x:i
fa Lrnp Mln If'
strong horses attached to a Pair of double!
trees, start him, he'll backr-tben immcd-
, t, i. iAr.r. 1 1
I vwj w a. v- ii v. Mil u m.j ti. . ii u;utuj; a. j
' I will not strike thee thou bad man,'
said d Quaker one day, 1 but will let this
billet of wood fall on thee;' and that pre-
cise moment the 'bad man' was floored by
the weight of a walking-stick that the
Quaker bad been known to carry.
-my jjaugur uig tuna ui a rumarKauiu
crop of wheat, grown in that State, and
1,1, ,V T1,J f
ii uuu u vb. ii vi iv. iiuu uiiiuuui yji.
wheat was never grown upon one acre of
since tho b -
How Inditfo is Prepared.
Tbe Indigo is a shrub-like plant, two ,
., ....... C. ' - I
,or tlmic S1 with delicate blue green
?aves' n !xt .narV6sit tue', aD. .
P em, and great stones to cause a
Pre3Sure' ,an? tuen ;vatec " P06 Vovcl ,
m,, and. after a day or two the liquor
1,:.; T xl.:.. .
"BSlua . IU..4UUU' . 6 ,u 1U"1,U1
lcrmetatln the principal mmeuty,
? ' w"'"o . .w.....0 -
contmue Ju?t H1C Pper time, nhcntue
.. .... .. nn ,i
wa?er quirf aaarKgrcenco or his
remaining supstauce, me inuigo, men Pul
- v i . il T . I il
. , u. . ,, , ,. , ,-,
.into linen barrs. through which tbe niOlS-
v. ----- .
f ?"? 'aSiSln 'TJnA .
drJ ad hard, it is broken into pieces and
packed. up, . Indigo is cultivated in the
East Indies to a considerable extent.
tip. Dictionary. Gentleman Any-
frequentlydenominated a common ooun-
cil-mari 1 DuelAtf interview between a' ,
pair of fools
ing machinery bas u,uulu..u! -ugusc arc cut on ciose io ( the establishment, wasting in stewing out
The first saw- uuimnis, ami mm iiitu the cooks' eyes, a good deal ot ueat wmcn
i gicut lyuuuuu iuuh. x iaiiKa ar iuuu juiu 0UTht to bC served tor COOKlUg tue lOOU.-
nun run nir tiirnnrnnrriiiiu iiiimmi iv imi iiiiih. i -n i . . r r n. yi aah t nn i
:body-Gratitude-The. art of forgetting a thoroughness or appoinnnen, u,j u,
, J ; i - i -r gathered from the fact that its glass alone
favors. , Owb-A species of .bird. It w-ggy oDO aTld it3 plumbing over $70,-
Hotel Building. -
The New York Tribune of Thrusday
last says: The Metropolitan Hatel,buiit
by P. Van llahsselaer, Esq., on tbe
site of Niblo's Garden, under the super
vision and for the tenancy of the Messers.
Leland, late of Clinton Hotel, will open on
Wednesday, Sept. 1st: aud as making a
step forward in the Social transformation
which so "many blindly revile, but are
impotent to arrest or avert, we have giv
en it a careful examination with a view to
This Hotel extends Cbree hundred feet
on Broadway and two hundred on Prince
street; is built of brown stone, six stories
high, but three-fourths of tbe first story is
surrendered to stores, leavong only seventy-five,
feet in tbe center for a spacious of
fice, baggage-room, &c.,wilh two reception
rooms for guests, (one of them for ladies)
who have just arrived and are waiting for
rooms to be assigned to them. The house
has five entrances, two of them for ladies
qnd their attendants, two for servants,be
sides the main entrance from Broadway.
It has three dining-rooms besides tbe ser
vants' that for ladies being calculated to
seat two hundred and fifty persons, amid
every appliance for the satisfaction of the
palate. The third dining-room is for
children and nurses. The public parlors
near these, supplied with every fitting
auxiliary to comfort and elegance". The
privat suites of rooms on this floor include
parlor, one, two or more bed-rooms, bath,
dressing-room, store-room, &c, and are
superb in all their appointments, as they
nray well be, singe the most eligible are
charged from 75 to $100 per suite per
week, and are eagerly takqjgp up at those
.rates. Thence to the uppermost storv
the rooms diminish in size and expense,
those in tbe sixth story being let at S2
' 1 Mil. ? fl T"
WT wcck. jluc price oi ooara is unnorm-
, ly $7 per week, md of board and lodging
j to transient guests who uo not require ex-
tra accommodations, is 82 per da-. .One
dazzling suite of rooms is fitted up for
bridal parties. The furniture is all of
solid oak, thoroughly polished; the bed
aro all spring and hair mattresses; all of
j the suites and some of the single cham-
Dcrs nave private baths, st
&c, while the cheaper single r
wardrobes, Croton water, &c., immediate-
! ly at hand. The house is lighted by gas
' and heated by steam throughout, though
anv ffuest mav have a coal fire in his own
room if he sees fit tbe steam-heat being
difTusfid throuo-h tlio li.ills. Amnle nro- '.
vision is made for ventilation everywhere. I
. The chandeliers and brackets are or new
n fxi r j i f
natLcius, suiuu ui iiiuuu ui ;i uniivt;i uiuuiui
which seems an inmrovemetit on tbe bed-!
need see or be seen by half a dozen per
sons out or ncr own set in tne course or a
winter unless she chooses to be.
Tbe numbered rooms are 33, of which
3, perhaps 100 are parlors, aud 2o0 bed
'rooms though many are both. Tbe house
. i3 calculated to entertain in perfection a-
bout five hundred guests though one
thousand, including servants, mfght be
cuiuiuituuiy jouguu uuuut na iuui. 4.11
basemeut are the general store rooms, re
1 nn;v;llf, rnnrns ror nrnvisions. &c. alL
O " " I ' 7 I
0OUgUt at wholesale, alter a careiui scru-1
ice-room, kitchen, &c, with two boilers
of twenty-five horse power each, and a
steam engine which works the mangle,
turns the spits, forces water into reservoirs
at the top of tbe houscj and will doubt-
tho wood and churn the butter
wenever thoe are any of these jobs to
. U .
Range is the poorest feature of
It maJ ha that there are no better in our
city: if so, we should send persons to fans
to learn how to construct ranges properly.
' . , , . . , ,i i-i-1
It is a gross barbarism to cook utc khcu-
en-malc when only the victuals arc to be
nerCj too, amid congenial gloom, are
rCadv to bolt, at the hrst appeti
, ; . ,. ,
n-nn-pforl ATnino T.fiw TTflnrnn orant. t. ini.
.. . &-
long to wait.
- - o .
Metropolitan will be opened to tbe
public on Wednesday, September lst,aud
already a great portion of its rooms are
engaged, and it$ books have been open
j'but a day or two. Some idea of its extent
qoO; it i a great Hotel, but it suggests
hotels still larger and better. Its, steam-
engine takes up baggage at the entrance,
ranee or the
and dep6sits it quickly and carefully on
the third, fourth, or any, higher floor but
guests must tug themselves up the stair
way, which is absurd and transitional.
In the next -hotels they will step into a car
on their own floor and glide quietly to the
dinging-room or to the street door. The
Mctroplitan files its Journrls from every
State in the Union; the next advance will
give its guests telegraphic dispatches from
over' point of interest, sent in manifold
to each guest who chooses to order and
to pay for them. Every step ahead indi
cates and makes plain the step that is to
When, Oh wben, will somo capitalist-
build a hotel ior the poor! The needy,
miserable Avretches who now covtcr among
filth and vermin, exposure to the elements
and the seed's of pestilence, in Cross and
Little Water streets, are paying enougb
for lodgings to secure them pure air,
cleanliness, adepuate space, and every
thing essential to comfort, if houses were
built with due regard to their wants and.
the best means of satisfying them. How
long must truth so obvious nced'to be din
ned into the public car before ever it shall
be acted upon?
We received, some time since, tbe fol
lowing interesting communication from
Alabama, which contains many interns
of interest to those who may find it im
portant to obtain a copious and constant
supply pf water by deep boring. There
is an Artesian well in this city however,
which is much deeper than any of those
mentioned in tbe following article. At
Belcher's Sugar refinery, there is. one in
progress which has now reached the depth
of 1350. feet, and will bo continued to
2500 feet unless a pure sand-stone forma
tion is previously found. St. Louis Fa
2er. Messrs. Editors , Enclosed I send you
a short accouut of tbe famous Artesian
well, recently completed on tbe plantation
of Mr. Matthews, in Dallas county, Ala.
It may prove interesting to some of your
readers who reside in the prairie parts of
Missouri, and suffer for want of springs
or running wells, who would -like to prof
it from our experience. The geological
structure of Missouri may be so different
from that of central Alabama, that the
same result may not follow from deep bor
ings; but the experiment, if it'bas never
beeu tried, certainly deserves being made.
For many years the richest portion of Al
abama was uncultivated, owing to the
complete want of water in summer months,
there being neither sap-wells ribr springs
for fifteen -ox twenty miles. At length,
a Mr. Cooper, a native of Vermont, an
ino-enious artisan and mechanic, conceiv
ed the idea of penetrating the solid crust of
the earth, in the hpe of meeting of sub
terranean wells or lakes. He invented
and patented augers and instruments for
the purpose, and at length, some twenty
years since, succcccdcd in the county, of
Marengo, at the depth of five hundred
feet in finding a stratum of sand, which
supplied a never-failing stream of water,
which rose some five feet above the level
of the ground. Ilis success and the value
of the discovery led others to go into the
business of boring for water, till now it is
a regular business, employing numbers of
men, and at a moderate compensation.
The priees paid are usually 25 cents per
foot for the first 400 feet, and 50 cents
for the next two hundred, and 75 cents a
foot for-all below ; or in regions where
wells are already abundant, they frequent
ly insure water for 8100
There are in the counties mentioned,
from eight hundred to one thousand Ar
tesian wells, varying in depth from 200
to 900 feet, from 3k to 9 inches in diam
eter, supplying from 3 to 1300 gallons
per minute, and rising from 1 to 25 feet
above tbe surface of tbe ground.
Tbe water rushes up with so great vio
lence that some wells form the most beau
tiful jets d'eau, perpetual fountains cool
ing the air and affording every comfort
and convenience that can be imagined or
devised from the sparkling element. In
most cases however, instead of being made
ornaments, in the flower grounds of tho
proprietors, they only furnish water for
stock, andjare found in the deep ravines
or low grounds, where the boring will nat
urally be shallow-lowest.
Dr. Withers, of Greensboro, Alabama,
is at present enganed in preparing an es
say on the Artesian wells of Alabama,
which promises to be very interesting to
tho geologist. He will doubtless give any
information to any gentleman in Missouri
requesting it, as to the practical details
of boring these wells, now very well
understood in this country.
jg-The Lynchburg Arirginian, states
that Mr. J. DiSkens, of Pendletou coun
ty, Ky., after some three years study,has
discovered the principle of perpetual mo
tion. Mr. V., has written on to Congress
and steps will soon be taken to apply it
to machiriary. " lie 'has been offered as
high as five hundred ' t.hons.ind. dplar- for
h3 discover)-, but will not sell it.