Jeffersonian Republican. (Stroudsburg, Pa.) 1840-1853, May 29, 1840, Image 1

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    Richard Xiiffent, Editor
The whole art of Government consists in the aUt of honest Jefferson:
aad Publisher.
No 19.
Annum ner annum in advance Two dollars
anuarter. half yearly,-and if not paid before the end of
th ? TOTdoItars and a half. Those -ho receive their pa
pers bra earner or stage drivers cmpioycu uy me proprietor,
will be charged 37 1-2 cts. per year, extra.
No papers lUMJontinued unUl all arrearages are paid, except
rr-i Arortwments not excccdinjr one square (sixteen lines)
v-Ul be inserted three weeks for one dollar : twenty-five cents
for even-subsequent insertion ; larger ones m pruporuun.
liberal discount will be made to yearly advertisers.
1DA11 letters addressed to the Editor must be post paid.
Having a general assortment of large elegant plain and oma
mental 1 ypBi (liciwcu iu mcuuh: h; -
PgfCards, Circulars, Bill Heads, Notes,
T 'S T 1 B r rf"k 41 M TIT
Trintcd with neatness and despatch, on reasonable terms.
Tn pursuance of Section 3d, of an Act incorpo
ratine the "Unner Lehish Navigation Company,'
the undersigned, Commissioners under said act to
receire subscription of Stock to the Company a
foresaid, hereby give notice that books for that
purpose will be openea on eanesaay, xne lutn
day of June next, in the village of Stoddartsville,
and be kept open from day to day until said Stock
is all subscribed.
May 14, 1S40. 3t.
The Trustees of this Institution, havs the
pleasure of announcing to the public, and par
ticularly to the friends of education, that thev
"have engaged Ira B. Newmax, as Superinten
dent and Principal of their Academy.
The Trustees invre the attention of parents
and guardians, wbo have children to send'from
-liotne, to this Institution. They are fitting up
the building in the first style, and its location
from its retired nature is peculiarly favorable
for a boarding school. It commamis a beauti
ful view of the Delaware river, near which it
Is situated, and the surrounding scenery such
I as the lover of nature will admire it is easily
accessible the Easton andMilford Stages pass
it daily, and only 8 miles distan from the latter
ilace, and a more salubrious section of coun
pry can nowhere be found. No fears need be
?ntertamed that pupils will contract pernicious
habits, or be seduced into vicious company it
Is removed Iron: all places of resort and those
inducements to neglect their studies that are
furnished in large towns and villages.
Board can be obtained very low and near the
Lcadem. Mr. Daniel "W. Dingman, ir. will
talce several boarders, his house is very conve
i -
uent, and students will there be under the im
mediate care of the Principal, whose reputa
tion, deportment and guardianship over his pu-
nis, aiurd tne best security lor their proper
:onauct, tnat the 1 rustees can give or parents
md guardians demand.
The course of instruction will be thorough
idapteJ to the age of the pupil and the time
1. . r 1 ' 1" -
jiu ucsins lusnenu iu merarv uursuits. roimo-
inen may qualify themselves for entering unon
fine stuly of the learned professions or for an
; irivanced stand at College for mercantile pur-
auus, uirieacmng or tne ousiiiess ol common
. lue, useful will be preferred to ornamental stud
ies, nevertheless so much of the latter attended
o as the advanced stages of the nunil's educa
tion will aamit. The male and female denart-
lunent will be under the immediate sunerintend-
dence of the Principal, aided by a competent
jnule or female Assistant. Lessons in music
'will be given to young ladies on the Piano
jForte at the boarding house of the principal, by
an experienced and accomplished Instructress
I Summer Session commences May 4th.
Board for Young Gentleman or Ladies with
the Principal, per week, $1 50
Pupils from 10 to 15 years of ago from $1 to
SI 25
iTimion for the Classics, Belles-Lettres, French
r fcc, per quarter, 2 00
i Extra for music, per quarter, 5 00
I is. IS. A particular course of study will b'e
I mirked out for those who wish to qualify them
selves lor Common School Teachers with ref-
erence to that object ; application made lor
teachers to the trustees or principal will meet
1 :i ncdiate attention,
f. o:tir.i.- v. k ..u:... r 1 ii
J"- Jt iivercd by able speakers, through the
c iurse of year.
By ordor of the Board,
D.n-uan'a Ferry, Pike co., Pa., May 2 1S40.
" - v-j v annua aiiiiieuih i;i siuilv will
The present exDectation of thf Qiihcrrihor ;tiioi
. i v-.v-. I -J Hill I
J 111 .
" wobks irom mis rute. J ne
timply attention of his patrons to their bills will
sjvc him much delay and inconvenifinrfi.
i 1 1 no ir 1 - ! . . . . 1 r .... ... .
From the Daily Cincinnati Gazette.
tuxe "Jefferson and Liberty"
From Mississippi's utmost shore,
From cold New Hampshire's piney hills;
From broad Atlantic's snllen roar,
To where the Western ocean swells,5
How loud the notes of joy arise
From every bosom warm and free !
How strains triumphant fill tho skies
For Harrison and Liberty!
Turn to the scroll, where patriot sires
Your Independence did declare,
Whose words still grow like living firesj
His father's name is written there.
That father taught that son to swear,
His country ne'er enslaved should be ;
Then lend your voices to the air
For Harrison and Liberty.
O'er savage foes, who scourged our land.
When Wayne so wild and madly burst,
Among his brave and gallant band
The youthful Harrison was first,
And when on Wabash leafy banks,
Tecumseh's warrior's gathered free ;
How swift they lied before the ranks
Of Harrison and Liberty!
When Meig's Heights, his army held,
And Haughty Britons circled round,
2. His conquering Legions cleared the field,
While notes of triumph peal'd around :
And though on Thames's tide again
His progress Proctor sought to stay,
Dismay d he lied, and left the plain
To Harrison and Liberty.
Now honored be his hoary age.
Who glory for his country won :
Shout for the Hero, Patriot, Sage,
For William Henry Harrison :
Of all our Chiefs, he oftenest fought,
But never lost a victor)',
And peace was gain'd and plenty brought
Bv Harrison and Liberty. G. A. P.
Iives of the Sigruetfs of the Declara
tion of Independence from Penn
sylvania. (concluded.)
9. Benjamin Franklin, one of the greatest
benefactors of America, was born in Boston,
January 17, 170G. His father, an English non
conformist, who hed emigrated to America to
enjoy religious free do ji, was a tallow chandler.
Benjamin the 15th of seventeen children was
put to a common grammar sohool at tho age of
eight years; and from the talents displayed in
learning, his father conceived the notion of
educating him for the ministry. But as he
was unable to meet the expense, he took him
home, and employed him in cutting wicks, fil
ling moulds and running errands. The boy
was disgusted with this occupation, and was
soon after placed with his brother a printer, to
serve art apprenticeship to that trade! His
early passion for reading was now, in some
measure gratified, and he devoted his nights
to perusing such baoks as his limited resources
enabled him to obtain. . Tho style of lhe Spec
tator with which he early became acquainted
delighted him. As he had failed entirely in
arithmetic while at school, he now borrowed
a little treatise, which he mastered without any
assistance, and studied navigation. At the age
of 16 he read Locke on the understanding,
the Port Royal Logic, and Xenophen's memo
randa. Happening to meet with a work which
recommended vegetable diet, he determined to
abstain from flesh, and we now find the philo
sophic printer and newspaper carrier, purcha
sing books with the little sums he was enabled
to sBve by the frugality of his diet. From
Shaftsbury & Collins he imbibed those scepli
cai notions which he is known to have held
during a part of his life. His brother publish
ed a newspaper, which was the second that
had as yet appeared in America. Franklin
having secretly written some pieces for it, had
the satisfaction to find them well received; but
on its coming to the knowledge of his brother,
he was severely lectured for his presumption
and treated with great harshness. One of the
political articles in the journal having offended
the general court of the colony, the publisher
was imprisoned and forbidden to continue it.
To evade the prohibition, young Franklin was
made the nominal editor and his indentures
ostensibly canceled, lifter the release of his
brother, ho took advantage of this act to assert
his freedom and thus escape from the ill treat
meht he suffered. His father's displeasure, his
brother's enmity, and the odium to which his
sceptical notions subjected him, left him no al
tentative but a retreat to some other city. He
therefore secretly embarked on board of a
small vessel bound to New York without means
or recommendations, and not finding employ
ment there, he set out for Philadelphia where
lhe arrived, on foot, with his pockets. stuffed
with shirts and stockings, a roll of bread under
his arm, and one dollar in his purse, Who
would have dreamed, that this poor wanderer
would become one of the legislators of America,
the ornament of the new world, the pride of
modern philosophy!
Here he obtained employment as a composi
torj and having attracted the notice of Sir Win
Keith, the Governor of Pennsylvania, was in
duced by his promises to go to England, for
the purpose of purchasing types to establish
himself in business. On arriving in London,
(1762,) he found that the letters which had
been delivered to him, had no reference to him
or his affairs ; and he was once more in
strange place, without credit or acquaintance,
and with little means. But he soon succeed
ed in getting business, and although at one time
guilty of some excesses, he afterwards became
a model of industry and temperance, and even
reformed his brother printers by his example
and exhortation. While in London, he contin
ued to devote his leisure hours to study, and
wrote a small pamphlet himself on Liberty and
Necessity, Pleasure and Pain. After a resi
dence of 18 months in London, he returned to
Philadelphia in his 21st year, in the capacity of
clerk to a dry goods shop; but he soon return
ed to his trade, and in a short lime formed an
establishment, in connection with a person who
supplied the necessary capital. They printed
a,newspaper,- which Wtis-managedwith much
ability, and acquired Franklin much reputation.
t is impossible for us to trace all tho steps of
lis progress to distinction.
In 1736 he wa3 elected clerk of the General
Assembly and continued in that office until 1752,
when he was returned one of the members
rom the city. His industry, frugality, activity,
intelligence; his plans for improving tile con
dition of the province, for introducing better
systems of education ; his municipal services
made him an object of attention to the whole
community. His advice was asked by the
Governor and Council on all important occa
sions, lie had begun 10 print his roor Kich-
ard's Almanac in 1733 ; and the aphorisms
which he prefixed to tlutt for 1757 aro well
cnown. At the age of 27, he undertook to learn
French, Italian and Spanish, and after having
made some progfess in those languages, he : p
plied himself to the Latin. He was the found
er of the University of Pennsylvania, and one
of the chief promoters of the Pennsylvania Hos
pital. In 1742, he Invented the Franklin stove
for which he refused a patent on the ground
that such inventions ouht to be made at one
subservient to the good of mankind. In MG
he commenced his experiments in electricity
which resulted in such brilliant discoveries
one immediate practical application of which
was the invention of the lightning rod. Frank
lin had eer shown himself the zealous advo
cate for the rights of tho colonies, and it hav
wg been determined in 17 , to hold a genera
Congress at Albany, to arrange a common plan
of defence against the French, he was named
a deputy. In '51 he was appointed Deputy
Post Master General, and in this capacity ad
vanced large sums of his own money to Gen
Braddock, the result of whose expedition, he
foresaw, and in regard to which he ...ade some
fruitless suggestions to that General. After
the defeat of Braddock, he introduced a bill for
establishing a volunteer militia ; and having re
ceived a commission as commander, he raised
a corps of 560 men, and went through a labo
rious campaign on the northern frontier of the
rovince, then in the vicinity of the Blue Moun
tains in Northampton county. Pennsylvania
was then a proprietary government, and the
proprietaries claimed to be exonerated from tax
es. In consequence oCthe disputes to which
this claim gave rise, Col. Franklin was sent out
in 1757 to lhe mother country, by the Assem
bly as the agent of the province. His rcputa
tion was now such both at home and abroad
that he was appointed agent for the provinces
of Massachusetts. Maryland arid Gecrsia. Ox
ford and the Scotch Universities conferred on
him, the degree of Doctor of Laws, and the
Royal Society elected him a fellow. In '62
he returned to America, but new difficulties a
rising between the province and thd proprieta
ries, the Assembly determined to peti'tibn for
the establishment of a royal government, and
Franklin was again appointed agent in '64. But
the American Revolution was now commenc
ing, and he appeared in England no longer as
a 'colonial agent, but as a representative of
America. For eleven years he was constantly
engaged in resisting the designs of the British
Ministry, on the rights and libeities of Ameri
ca. He was dismissed from his place of Dep
uty Post Master General. Attempts were made
as the difficulties increased, to corrupt the man,
whom it had been found impossible to intimi
date ; but he was as inaccessible to corruption
as to threats. Having received an intimation,
that the ministers were preparing to arrest him
as guilty of fomenting a rebellion in the colo
nies, he embarked for Philadelphia, where he
arrived in May '75, and was immediately elec
ted a member of Congress. As one of the
committee of safety, and of that of foreign cor
respondence, he performed some of the most
fatiguing services, and exerted all his influence
in favor of the Declaration of Independence.
In 1776 he was sent to France as Minister
Plenipotentiary, to obtain supplies from that
court, and after tllfc reception of tho new of
the surrender of Burgoynd, he had the happi
ness of concluding the first treaty of the new
States with foreign power, February 6, 1778.
He was subsequently named one of the com
missioners for negotiating the peace with the
Mother country ; at its close in November '32,
he requested to be recalled, after 50 years spent
in the service of his country, but could not ob
tain permission to return until '85. During
this interval, he negotiated two treaties, One
with Sweden, and bne with Russia. I he gen
eral enthusiasm with which he was received in
France, is well known. His venerable age,
his simplicity of manners, his scientific reputa-
tion, the gaiety ahd richness of his cortversa
tionall contributed to renderjiim an object of
admiration to courtiers, fashionable ladies and
the learned.
He regularly attended the meetings bf the
Academy of sciences, and was appointed One
of the committee which exposed Mesmer s lm-
posture of animal magnetism. On his return
to his native country before he was permitted
to retire to the bosom of his family, he filled
the office of President of Pennsylvania, and
served as a delegate irt the federal convention
of '37, and approved the constitution then form-
ed. He died April 17th, 1790, with his facul-
ties and affections unimpaired, and was buried
irAhe North East corner of Christ's Church
burial ground irt Philadelphia, and according to
the directions of his will! by the side of his
wife, with a plain marble stone placed over
them, with this inscription
Benjamin J
$ 1790.
The following anecdotes and inci-
dents in tne lite or uenerai Harris-
t . .1 1 1 t -r
on, nave been collected lrom various
authentic -sources.
A curious anecdote ia on record, il-
iustrauve 01 tne cneenuL temper and
intrepidity of General Harrison's fa-
therwho was identified with every
turn in the iortluies ofhis country ; at
a period when that country was con-
vulsed by a struggle in which all its
ngiits and very existence was mvoi-
1. 1 1 1
ved. Eldndge Gerry, a delegate from
Massachusetts, as slender and spare
as Mr. Harrison was vigorous & port-
ty, stood beside Harrison, while sign-
ing tne .Declaration. Harrison turn-
. 1 TN 1 . T-r . I
ed round to him with a smile, as he
raised his hand from the paper, and
said, "When the hanging scene comes
to be exhibited, I shall have all the
advantage over you. It will be over
wini me m a minute, out you win oe
in nic an uau an uuui auui j.
The following is a copy of the mes
sage of Thomas Jefferson, nominating
eneral Harrison sole Commissioner
0 treat with the Indians.
I nominate William Henry Harris
on oflndianatobe a Commissioner to
enter into any treaty or treaties which
may be necessary, with any Iudian
tribes, north west of the Ohio and be
tween the territory of the UnitedStales
on the subject of the boundary or
(Signed) Tiiomas Jefferson.
The message containing thes3
nominations was transmitted to the
Senate of the United States, on tho
3d of February, 1803, read on the 4th
and on the eighth taken up for con
sideration, when the nomination ,ot
William Henry Harrison, above r'sci
ted, received the unanimous sanction
of thatlionorable body.
In September 1S09, Governor Har
rison held a council at Fort Wayne,
and negotiated a treaty with the Mi
amies, Delawares, Potawalamies, 60
Kickapoos, by which he succeed
ed in purchasing from these tribes an
extensive tract of country on both
sides of the Wabash, and extending
up the river more than sixty miles a
bove Vincennes. The tribes who ow
ned these lands were paid for them by
certain annuities, which they consul
ered a satisfactory equivalent.
Tecutnseh was absent when this
treaty was made, and the Prophet not
feeling himself interested, had oppo
sed it : but on the return of Tecum-
seh some months after, both he and
his brother expressed great dissatis
faction, and even thought to put to
death all these chiefs who had signed
the treaty. Hearing this and anxious
too to ascertain their intentions from
themselvesif possible, Governor Har
rison despatched messengers to invite
them boill to Vmcennes and exhibit
pretensions, and they should be
? ,fi i i n 1
M""11" l" ue rlus WUUiU .uo
"ie lanciS W0U1CI De given Up, or an
arrinle comnensation made for them.
Teciimseh came without his hrnt.hfir
d tj . t Govemor havincr
, . - . . . -;
0 Confidence m his good faith, had
requested him not to bring with him
m0re than thirty 'warriors, he cam 3
, -ft. rnTM. 11T1,W1 ,WNr
mi o 1 i 1 -1 1
J-ne Governor held a council on the
12th of August, 1810, at which Te-
cumseh and fortr of his warriorswerC
present The Governor was attend-
i T ,i i m
ed by the judges of the supreme court,
several, officers of the army Winne-
mack, a mendly chier and a lew un
armed citizens. A sergeants guard
of twelve men was likewise placed
near him, but as the day was exceed
ingly sultry, and they were exposed to
the sun, the Governor with his char-
acteristic humanity, directed (hem to
I - 1
remove to a shaded spot at some dis
tance. t
Tecnmsfth ndrlrASSP.fl this prvnnri!
with a speech, in which he onenlv
avowed the designs of himself and his
brother. He declared it to be their
intention to form a coalition of all the
red men, to prevent the whites from
extending their settlemenis farther
west and establish the principle that
the Indian lands belonged m common
to all the tribes, and could not be sold
without their united consent. He a
gain avowed to put to death all the
chiefs who had signed the treaty at
. - . . . .
Fort Wayne, yet, with singular m-
consistency, he at the same time deni
ed all intention to make war. and de
clared that all those who had given
such i aformation to the Govern or we r
liars. This was aimed particular1 1
at wmnemack, lrom whom the Gov
ci uui nuu 1 l fiveii a nineiv iioiiue u
flirt 7,1-low.-.-..-. " 'P li I !
Gov. H. replied to TeGiimsoh in a
mild and conciliatory tone explaining
the treaty at Fort Wayne, and clearly
proving that all the chiefs whose tribes
who had any claims to the land ceded
at this time to the United States, were
present at the treaty, and had vqlip-