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I'GBId3I4IiIII':VIRY„TIIVRPD. Y MOItNI\(I,
' . %By I)..OVIATT,, • '
pIEI . II"O . RT, COUNT]; ; FA
$1 . 50, fuldvanco.
Rates of Advertising.
. - 1•OOWin r'e one yea . . • ' ' $25 . 00
. 2 000
-4z -gin mouths • • • • 2000
-9 " ..". "; •• 12.00
One enuare of.l2lines less; insertion:3 . , I 50'
Eneb4 submeg tient
. ineertion, • 25
Bueinens Verde. - with paper" • ' 5 00
BD— nese Terms will I.:e strictly tolhered
'• - • •
,Scirv'eyor, Drafteinem:, (.olive.LnCei,. rnd...lle:ll Est.te
..Fmr,..t,l?pryt,. ;11'M - tail county, Pa. .• • .
•:" - . - WILLIAM.'WILXINI - '.
. , . .
l'ractical 111Cclianic, Ilillwrigllt, - Pridge-builder;
' Port Allealicoy, 31'licati countyi.Pa. . ~..', ..
T. L. BROWN,
... , .
SURVEYOR, DEAFTSJIAN; CONVEYANCER acid Real
..Estate Agent; ()plea, Elk Co., Eann'a
Hon. Thomas Strilthen,
W. B. Brownell, • Esq.,
Ilon. - A: 1.. ,Wilcox,
. ' • • ..', .- CARVER' . soup, - ... . •- •
. ~ .
Joss H. Ilmt..Proprieti:or;cornel• of Water anOltielicry
.Streeta; Warreh; Pa'. :Geneeal. Stage 'Office:
B. F. WIGHT & CO.,
. . . . .
'Wholesald and Retail 'Dealers. in Famil.V 0 roce Oen . , Pork,
Flour, Salt, , Feed, &c., Under 8:. Manon'a
Stove Store, Beat aide 'the Public Square"; Sineltbyort,
J. C. BACKUS .& CO
General. Dealers in Pry. Goods, - Groceries, Crockery,
weedy-Hade Clothing; Boots and Shoes, Hats sn4 Gays,
•iice.'„oliposite the Court House, linuitlinorf Pa. • .
J. C. H9LMES.,
Wholesale and Retail bealei in PeOvisionn 'and Family
. •.(irocerlesi Diy Good's, hoots, Shoes llats,.CapS '
' Yankee Notions... See, Store one door west of the
•'Astor House. Terms, Cash. .• • •
. , . . .
Fronting.the Public square, Olean, N. Y. JAMES, M.
Id :Liam. Proprietor. ' The , Fobes /lons° is, entirely-new.
. apd built of brick.' and in furnished in modern, style.
The proprietor lia‘ters himself that his'aceonimodar
tions aro not *surpassed by any hotel in 'Western New
'York. - Carriages run to and from thO -New York and
•ATTOUNKT AT LAIT;' Stnethport;..3l'Kean ;Cdunty. Pa.,
Agent for Nlesirs. Keating de'Co's Lands' Attends
especially to the eolleetion of..Clalrris; Esaniination of
'Land Titles; Paynieut of . Taxes,. and all husiness rein,
' tine to Ilea' Estate . • Oflicein.lltitnlin'lllock. • ...
. . . . . .
D•, A. Wii tour, Proprietor,—at. Kiruna, Warren county
Pa:•' Ma Table' will be :supplied with' the best the
7 country - affords, Ruffle spare'nol4us in ticeontbdktiag
his guests. .• • • ' .
E. 'BOUGHTON ELDRBD •
'Attorney and Counsellor at law, fhnethport.ll'lCean
' County,••Pa. linsMmOt. entrusted t 4 biA • care for'llm
ennuticm of WlCean, Potter and Elk - wilr be promptly
attended to: °nice in the euitrt !Luise, •aecond
DR.. L: R, WISNER,
rhytiictou , aukt'SOrgeoli,' Smethpo4.; Pay, .will attend- to
,• ,s.l l'prbfesiiortl calk.with in•oatiptittoss. Office ! in Sart
. well'lllock, second floor., —' ' -.. .. :'• . ".. .
N. E. BUTLER & CO,
Wheless:le ;0111 , 110M 'llealeri. iil. Staple and Funcy,'Dyy
-"Goods,. Carpeting, neatly Made Gtothaw. and tieueral
Furnishing Goods. Boots awl Shoes, Wall and Window
rape r„Looklog'p lasses tee.; .At . oleait. N, T. '
SinethportiM , Henn Tn... D Preprie
• tor..-..npposito the Court House:, A new, Inrge,.com
nfodious end weltlurninhed hcitsio.
.TORN C. BACKUS;
. . .
Attorney and Counsellor at Law, Smetliport, :11'Kean Co
Pa. Kill attend to all.businesa in hie.profession in the
counties of Wrieen, Potter. and Elk. Moe over C.K.
Hartwell & Brothers' Store, • .. ' • • .
. • . . . .
Dealer in Dry Goode, Groceribit; Pork, Flour, Salt, Fish
Ready-Made ClOthltig,licintii and Shoes.."• Store in Ea:
' , ton'a olitstanil, Sinetlitiort Pa. Qui:lira' Put6nt illeili
,• eine Agents: ,- : '• '. . . .• '.'. • •
. , .
Corner ntSecon4 and Liberty streets,_te Warren,Ps., R.
A .'iIARBOR, Proprietor , Trayelera •will--lh,c-tdite
econinedatinne and rerieenable . eharges. • . .-
.• '7 .-
E. S. MASON,
Deator in'StO,en, Tin 'Ware; Jitnpaned • &e:,.went
aid's of the - Publie,S.qu.re, Bmethport, Pas Ountiini
'work . &nn to order no the •shortest notice; and in the
:mast substantial manner..:; ' . ;
B...BROWNELL, '• ./
Dealer in • Dry 0 Odtle, , 0 reeerien, .c rockery, ilardrra rot
Boots; Shoes 'Ulan; Cape; Glass; Naile; Oils, &•c.
East side of 'the Dublin SquarerSinethoort,
A. ,T„ OTTO,
. , . . .
Dealer; in'Provisions . and Pamily9roderieS generally, 'at
' Farmers Valley,4l , Koan Ob., :.Pa. Grain ' Lumber.
ehlngles,•&c.,. taken in exchange for Goml.s. 'Patent
— lifedicines thr..eale.'. '• • . : .'.. ' ..: .• .
, . . . . ..
R. Linings , Proprietor ,— Alegheny Bridge,. Wllean
lio , Pa.. •,This Lodes is situated about nine miles froni
Sinetliport on the road 'to Olean, and trill be found a
. convenient stooping-place '•' ' - ..: . • • . • -,
811Ippen;1114Clian Co:, Pa. I . ,Ecamm COOK, Propileior.
A•commoilloua and well4urnkbed bongo. Strangero
ahltbavelera will find goal accommodatlonß. •
FARMERS' 'VALLEY HOTEL,
. . .
By T. Goohtimi. T,hie housein situated *boot live miloe
." from Sniethport on the road to Olean. •Pleesu re wile'
and othets can be accommodated on the shortest Notice.
ELDRED HALF=WAY • HOUSE,
NATHAN DENNIS, Proprietor ':Tliis house ix situated hal
-way between Bnothport and Olean. If you want a good
dinner this is the place to stop. , ' • • •
. . . .
• .: - • . . ....GRORDIS CORWIIi.#
.- - • •, • -
Proprietor of - the Grid.' Mill. iit. Mechanlegburg, M.
Kean County Pa. Flour.' Meal, and Reed, constantly
en hand and for pale; 3!I large and smallqnantilieg. ' .
RAILROAD 4011 SE,
. . .
0. OsraiNoun,- Proprietor, .Norwich, liiriCeito Co:.
. Pa. Uuod. , aeciooloodatious.ean belied there at all
• times. . . .
. . .
. . .
.}:Jideli B. DULCET, 'Proprlnfdr, at Port Alle • gany; Mc-
Keno County, ll'a; - . This Hotel insiteateil at the Pm.
Om of the Sinothport bind Allegany River loads, nine
.'nilles east of Smetliport.• •-• • •.. ' : • -
. . •
• S3IETIIPORT; . .:111 , KEAN Co.; Pa. •
WM.' • HASK.ELL Proprietor.
Tl,O • rrnprietiw having: recently 'piirchtleetl 'and nor-.
mlghly ,retitled the Astor Hons . e, 'lettere himself that Ito
nsn fitritish no plod accuuntiutl.ttiuns a 5 any held iu 'West
ern retrusylvittli.i. •
'' . tie, Democratic State Central. Committee
tnet 'at Hartishurg; on ''.Wednesday ,— members
present' fro m' sett ions of the State-and
unatiimonsly agreed on "the folloiving, • :
.Follow-Cii4en's of Pon?;,Tylpania: •
We are happy '.address. you .at a moment.
when tininiatelreable• manifestations of return
ing,..conll4ee and courage on the part 'of the
Democracy, are . beginning to..exhibit them,
se %es in, a .quar ers of, the Com ' monwealt h.-
have already seen • with Wbat„unapirnity
the State Convention, which assembled at Ilar
risbtig'on the ibth.of March last, Passed rest',
lutions s affirming the principles and .poliey.te
whiCh we 'hold our s elves pledged .before .the
country,' and how it mOnouneed, .by 'oedema
tion,infavor of our excellent and unexception . -
'able ,candidates. With
!ion, in the nature of tin.' amici;hle :pretest or
•syggestion, the proCeeding& of - the 'Convention.
have been in the highest degree satisfactoiy to
the entire Denfocratic party Of. the - .State.—
Since its. adjournment there has been an alinost
perfect restoration .ot cordial' good . ;feeling
among • DemOcrats; where: they had. been in
some instances .tenipordrilii'interrOpted.
fartiniate and unmeaning dissensions have .en
tirelY. disappeared.. In earnest:Of this, the State
. Central Committee, although composed of forty
one -membersirepresenting every in the
'State, • and most of •Wborri you will doubtless,
recognize in their long and faithful connection
with the. Demodatic 'organization,: have teen
found an unit in the resolute purpos& to. sus.."
ttiin.thet organization at all- hazards against
open and secrefhostility.. The coMity
ings, wherever they have spoken, . 'have shown
themselves fully conscious of their responsibili;
ties, by forming local : tickets'of the most ac,
ceptable description, and by. otherwiie exhibit,
ing an earnest and' *e trust, invincible deter
mivation to. ciown the canvass with the ^sn . c....
cesS, that can hardly faifto attend their zealous
and efficient exertions: We are glad to state,
al'so,'that the - Democratic press . have dropped;,
with one 'accord, altunfriendly.and.nriprofitable
.discussions on irrelevent• topics and settled is--
Sues; are prciperlY directing their undiVided and
powerful energies against the 'common enemy..
For, .every 'professing Democrat, wl.o values
consistency and principle; , •the path' of duty .is
now,,broad; plain and inviting. No.onecan be
so ignorant as te,pretend to misunderstand the
present -relation of parties:: in this State; the
Importance' of.the contest, both in its State and
National aspect, upon which .we have now .
fairly entered, and the precise import of the
sues.: that •have been formed 'in this_ pending
controVeray. ,The• line Which divides .the two
contending parties; whether'drown on the map
of the, State, or. that of the Union, is' too deep
and itricing:to 6scape. th 6; eye.of anyone who
'may not wilfully choese to he blind: , On One side
of this line stand the Derne'cracy . of: Pannsylvo-
Mn, hArrnonioes in . cier.deliberations and fear
less in the exposition of:our .views, With a
platforni and 'ticket challenging' holiest criti
cism; while on the opposite: side you pe'rceive
two factions--the• Black Republicans and Know .
Nothingseomposing • the Opposition, each
avoiv its ultimate .designs; or its pres
ent distinctive characteristics; each ernascula• •
ted of its original ;distinguishing. quality; end].
declaring itself opposed to th& 'other on certain
vital points, , yet conspiring together to' secure
place and spoils,• by , deliberately' ignoring
sound' principles of GOvernnient, and all eh
lightened inspirations' of true Americanstates .
We do not approach you; fellow- citizen's, iii
the name of a "People's Party," concocted on
yesterday; com Posed of the shreds and' patches'
Zif all opinions, and intended to serve, not . the
masses who may be deceived by its. empty
promises; but the politicians, Who' have invent
ed it for their profligate purposes. . ' We "speak
in the' seine language 'used by the founders, of
our glorious party sixty Years age. No candid
Man will deny that, from the inauguration of
M. 7efterson to the presetit date, the • Demo_
cratic party has' been.the real representative
party ofthe genius, character, honor and •inter
est& of our free inetitutions.: It has . been so
recognized by the people of the United States;
who have so ,censtantly . .imposed upon;t: the
duties and burdens of govenunent. ',lt hashriP=
pity eliminated. the leading truths of the• , .Con_
stitution, embodied them in simple though im
perishable .forinulas of doctrine, and applied:,
theinfirmly and efficiently in practical
istration, until it has beconie-the-aetual reflex'
Of all the great constitutional principles at the
ha‘sis of:our - republican, system; . Its 'ancient
creed is unchanged and remains' substantially
At this day what it ever haibeen. More than
half a century ago, es at this hour, one of its .
articles:watched with a faithful vigilance; over
the rights of the States. and . the union of the
States; another insisted then, as now, On
and * religions freedom for' 'all classes and sects,'
diScriminating for none - and against. none,
whether Cathelic or Protestant, Jew or Gentile',
but permitting."e.very, Man to worship God' at
t:er hisown heart,'! third-invoked, as it now
invokes, in.the shape'd 'generouslaws, a liber
al hospitality towards the opp i tessod of all' lands,
as. well for fOasons.of souoil .1)Olicy as from ino-
- . Pa.
-.-- Slue di Dort, Pa
~, . • '''i - VOI.YEZ.ESS'' . '-• .
O,I"::T . HE
SlitriTl4 3- Qiill.7::: . **F.A.St., 6*Nryi.;:':.:64- . ,THLiRS:DAY . ; '3.4,it.'. :14 ; ff.i. 4•p :
tives . of - hutunnity.and:love oflibertyi fourth
demanded, as 'it, noW . reqUires,' .. torritorial ex
pansion to meet all exigencies; whethetmilita
ry or commercial—for ; . security; defence; Or
natioual aggrandizement out Of. the
natural; inp;oiteble and benevolent . progresef
American civilization, and hence it his happen- .
ed that every foot Of:territory, annexed to: the
Union. has been hequired . bYthe Democratic
party; in a fifth article'of our faith was and is
presented. the,nohle Seffersonian conception: of
univerSal suffrage with. universal education in
a sixth is and was pioclairned die grand prin.._
ciple of equal.. righte; before' the laws, of all cit
izens, rich or Poor-=;native or naturalized;, in a
seventh. was and is announced:the doctrine of a
strict construction of the. peceisary. powers of
government,= aiwbeing alone' compatible, with
sound political Morals,:' and, in. the ..nnwise
lexationof which . delit„exiravagance,. tyranny
and corruption' Would soon find' their, way into'
the very citadel, ofthe::Conitifution, to :betray.
and destroy it.. yhdpr t'ais . nead the labors of .
the Democracy have ~been inValuable. 'AVe
have opposed rational Banks; destroyed them
and established; the Independent:Treasury. 'We
hive, steadily and shccesstnllY resisted 'the
position onthe people cd: heay - y federal taxes ,
I)y:excessive duties on iMpOrts; and have. ob
tained the concurrence Of a large majority of .
the country in the , rule that taxes, shall be lim
ited to the . demands of revenue alone, with in
.cidental 'protection, by judicionsdiscriminiitions
to lierne-Inclostry e We,have defeated all prOL
positic;nifor tha distribution of the 'prOceeds of,
ihe.public lands . amor;g:the States. WO have
seduously and effectually guarded the Public
•Treasuryfrom ,herfiy Charges of internal im
'provements in cases adniitted tube net general
or National, but special and local in their chef
actef. And we : have steadily refused our as
sentto, and resisted' many' cunningly' devised
schemes for.squandering 'millions of the- iiut!
lic money, and tens of millions of acres of the
public sdornain,',Con.objecte•whOke usefulness and .
legality have been !like questionable. •. . •
. We might eittend, the• enunciation of our
principles, concerning which,there; has been no.
change of ,sentiment Whatever hi the Demo-
Cratic ..party. since its earliest records were
made, .but' we think we have already said
enough to convince every 'intelligent. citizen
desirous to know the impartial truth, that we
now speak as one Of the constituted . organsi. of
a great and/glorious party, not ()fan ephemeral
faction, or combination 'of factions—that we
represent on this clecStOn a party as venerable
for its age as it is u seful and honorable, in
view or the extr Mary: Seriices it ha's so
long, so.honestlran So ably, performed.' Can
it not he .asserted as an unquestionable fact,
that no party eVer yet existed 'hi any country
On'the face of the earth;that can justly.claim
to have rendered.the same .
.amount Of valuable
services to that country, which the - Democratic.
party has rend.ered: to ours? On_ . .any. issue'
therefore, involving , : honorable hrstorical.ante
cedents, or 3:‘ consideration of general me-Aits in .
the past or present,,we.shall 'appeal With:cod
fidenee to. the voterSof Pennsylvania.. , _ •
•AS regards the Personal
.character and qual
ifications of our nominees for. Auditor General'
• and SurVeYor• General' of. the. CommOnWealtb,
Messrs. L Wright and; Sohn, Rowe, weear
heitlydesire to cali..the'ittlehtAon'of our fellOw
,citiaens to their 'unbleinishdif private .rePuta
tion;to the, ample experience they have 'acqui
red in the service of 'the- State in various re
sponsible offices; and to•the admitted integrity
and . .efficiency, • marking , their entire . official,,
liesoffering the .strongest- guarantee Of their
fitness, in all relipecti,• for the • positions to
which they now aipire, , •
„But there is,one question comparatively new.
to the countrY;ln the form 'in• which it pre
sented; that . has occasioned
. some diversity of .
sentiment among us, and,,wlaiehhas not been
settled .autliorititiveli, as.
• soine Demotrats
contend, hy,ths. highest councils of the partY.
We refef.to whit is . commonly k'noWn as the
Territorial'queition. The most ingenious and
labored'efforts have been made to confuse the
public•inind on this subject, but when rescued
froria the incomprehensible jargon of the
. dema- •
'gOgnes, 'it merisly raise's an enquiry,., which
should he calriify .and candidly met; as to the.
nature And extent of the tegislitivepowerpos ,
iessed by the inhabitants-of a Territory Of the
United Statas, the political relations of such
Territory to the Goverhment and States of. the
Union. We'd° not 'now prOpose to discuss this
question at any.corisiderable.length; or. to say
much more than-briefly to .express ours: views
regarding it. We presume every ; true Demo=
crat will yield hii ready adhesion to . the , prin
ciples Peptilitr Sovereignty; when rightly in
terpreted and applied.. :But real Popular Sover
eignty-ii riots spurious political idea, indefinite;
vagrant and accidental, .It is, when properly
'defined, nothing more nor leis thin the right of
: out-entire system,
but expressly limited in , its action by the Con
stitution and the law's. It Cannot exist legiti
mately outside of:these. •Otherwise,- instead
'of being, as it .is under our Government, the.
touchstone of order, justice and peace, it Would
become the source Of multiplied disorders and
constant anarehy. Thus defined .'and , limited,
Popular Sovereignty •ie equally Incompatible
with' the rash -prcieeedingS, of a mob;
the edicts of a tyrant. We . cannot therefore,
i(Squuttei Stroere . iguty..".. We , are :clearly .of.
opinion:that a ri tory: pf the n iced States
,can; is no
,reapecti . .whatever,,..be regarded . as
.either a Foreign ar . SovereignState. nor Can
it enjoy by poaaibility,nny political l . capacity.
independentof;or' ncOnsistertt the goy-,
ernment of the Untoriestabliphed by.the States,.'
by whose agency they, Me.. States, through an
expenditure their treasure, and it may hir;
their blood, acqUired:the'yerY Terr . itOry to
questien, as so , rirtnet( pahlic, domain or: 4!cons- -
.Inon pr'oper4.' 'Where let ••us ask;, resides the
right of . eninent'dorna overd Territory
theyoited States?. Xe itnot admitted by all
to be with the ,Yederal.Goveritinent?.Whete
shall we seek the right and po.wdr and 'duty to
dispose . of all lands embraced in:the Territory?
The answer is, in the Federal Governrrieof.--,
Where in 'the- dOverntrient of a l'o'Critory
lodged the'Exeentive authority? It is, lodged
iu the hatola of a Federal Governor. )Vhere is'
the judicial powerofa Territorial GoVerntneni?
In the keeping of tt Federal Judie' lark. Where
is.the Legislative power?. Every'ione . ..kriowa
it did not: exist E and that it 'not . legally
exist, until called Into', being by 'the Federal . '
Congress,4rthe•organic - act of Territorial.dov.•
. ernment: ..In all these' demonstrationsof pow-.
er, and there• can be 'none others outside 'of
them In a. Territorial GoVernment, We behold
the direct; positiSe andtangible evidencea of
the presence of the sovereignty
.of the Gov-.
ernment of the United,: States, excluding the'
pretensions 'of Squatter pr'Territorial
tive:sovereignty, or PopUlar SoVereignty When
used as a convertible •te . rrn- with these, as be
ing alike untenable infect, and Preposterous in
Ifut it must bebdrhe in niind that the 'Feder
al Government, cannot act...in a.Territory as, a
dopot,lbi arbitrary ruler; (72Lri here i r the differ
ence between our doctrine and th..at of ;the: Wilmot:
provisoites. .it'muit govern . in a Territory in
the sense of the Constitution; froth which it de
rivei its life.arid its every function, end is bound
torespect, With strict. impartiality; the rights
and 'interests of all . parties concerned, these
parties being theSiates and people of the States
resPectively, Now the Government of a Ter
ritory is not natural andindefe.asible, but deri
vative from the Congress; other Wise, the feW
thousand inhabitants of .a Territory; after - its_
a:pquisitiop. 'by purchase; or 'as indemnity, for -
War expenses perhaps, would have the right to .
set . thernselvei - up as a foreign' State, if they so
liked, and to deny the juriadiction of . theljni
'tad States. 'But Congress, when. establishing
a goverOnctitin'a Territery cannot impart to
It authority to do, by "feeble , Territerial,enect
ments, what Congress cannot uncle, take tcrper
form under :the Constitution, and can never
venture to undertake, except.in flagrant.' usui-
Pation of powers. not &legated but reserved to,
the States. • •
'. We, are opposed, however, to , the' . intioduc.
tion any prOyiSion particularly protecting
slave orany other kintrof property, into an act
organizing aTerritorial Governrnentl. But if a
Territory attempt. nullification or rebellien in
the shape . of resistance to acts of.,Congress, or
to judicial decisione.in.their proper. logical Rh d
legal consequences, oi to any other', legitimate
acts doneln and by virtue of the Constitutional.
authority of the United States over. th,..saine,
then.theTederal dovernment sh . Ohld at once
interphse and. put.down, not so: much; for the
sake.of, slave, or . any. other-kind of property, or
even of the personal rights of Citizens, that may
be therebiinvaded, though ~constituting rt. sttfr
ficient reason for the movement, litokittir lb'
the necessity of it's ores rssst l Oatiott. before
the happening of any
. Such act...of nullificatioh;
or.rebellion,.and...at the. tirne of organizing a
Territorial Government, the presumptioni ace
all in favor of .a legal And peaCeful, course
political conduct on the part of
of a:Territory; whereas the de , :etritt , ; of Cpttiress
iohal intervention t.althl as.ante . the reuerse4
fine, We are disposed to Maintain on this goes- ,
lion and at all tipteS,. the 'finulameidalprinciple
of the cqudiry of States: We are distinctly
opposed to any compulsory relinquishment, in
the name of squ'atter sovereignty; of.the rights .
of the State:of t'ennsylvania:,.a . s one of the soy:
ereign proprietors of all the public 'domain or
Territorial property of .the United States, and :
we still occupy .without any rhahge of opinion,
the ground- held by the following; resolution of
the Cihcinnati Con Vent ion 'of .iSfiG ) . to 'wit:
(cliesoieed, That -we recognize the . •right...ol
the 'people of all the Territories, including Ken ,
Sas and Nebraska, acting through the legally
.afid.fairly expressed will of a Majority of aetual
residen6, and whenever the- number of their.
inhabitants justifies it, to form a. Constitution
with or without • domestic and be ad- .
Mated 'into-r . the • Union upcM :terms of- . perfect
equality, with the other
This% resolution:distinctly rePresentse .
Marked - diflererice• between the revolutioiMry
efforts of the first sqUaitersin a new Territory
tmabOlish Negro ShivOryor to 'Preterit theAri
troduction of slave property into the . Territory . ;
by the incompetent' agency. of • Territorial
tegislattire, and .aonatiintintial.a6d quiet
.exorcise of the rights of Savereignty,. by tire
people 'of a Territory in the formation of n St'ate.
ConstitUtion with or withOut.donneitie slavery,
as.they may-determine. in the Mear4iine, the
citizens of.'each anjj every State, being , in 'all
-respects equal withicach . other under the, Cen
t itutiett o take• 4116'r various kinds et pkvcrty
' • . . . .
• . . _ .
_. . •, .•
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. . . . • : ''' ' ' ;'•.Y , ..
• : .. . ..
~.. . .
, : -',•:'..-, ‘,. : ':.. '':..:--- ~, c. , ,. -' 1 •: . ;
. . . • ••. .. . • • . -
.. . . ...
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. .., ' . ' •'.. .• , '',:: . ..' -.' -. , '-' • '-••• , 4 .f...: . '....,......,-,,
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.intO 'the Territory,
,and in . ..a .
Tarritorial condition they and their:' property
are all 'equally' proiedtedpy:t he . UOnstitution,•of
the Tinited'States and titC Dreg' Se'oteiloclsion.
We thus stand on: the: sure foundation' of .t he.
Constitutiorittndthe Lew, which' sternly'and
justly deny .thr uqtraky povacr ofone',if t of j'et
tl iryr .5 to confiscate lite pozoor of 'anodic,: : We .
thus avoidi.tooithosecontests betweartsettlers,
by:which the :people' are ...kept in a constant
Viate:of commotion and.titibutence,.with"
der, rapine, .burninis, and' all ;kinds 'of violent
acts, throtighOut their entire..`jrtirritoriai
and' to the prejudice of lheir,lest tete,r l
est -and of the peace atictharateny of . the States.
of the Unitin:. . ' • -
A little more than two. years ago J'ennsyl.‘
Verde had , tha proud Satisfaction. to wilriess.the
el d'eation ofher moat...distinguished etitterintan'
to the : Presidency. 'This :
berchirice end that of the.counti.y for the first
office of file Republie, WII3, 'elected rifiers . .a
doubtful, and ',dangerods contest, us ' the candi
date of the National‘DemOcracy of the. Union,
pver thp nciminee:ofa sectional movement sad.
denly springing, into its calamitous eiistence
on a singlelanatical itlea,iavoWedly Confinedin
its operations tp. one Moity'rif•the Confederady,
and in .its reckless disregard ,of
(ion, seeming to indicate, as proximati dee
sign, the total ruin', of 'Oe•
. country.' !laving
.during ; the period • which has
elapsed since he..entered on • the dutiei oftha
Tresidency L against the most extraordinary op
pbsition that any. Chief • Magistrate , eyer yet
encountered aint survived, this Adniihistration
of James Buchaflan stands now,.ribove the im-.
potenf reach of its Cnemies, strongly infrench
erlin the - confidence and respect of
'vative rrnarrsee of the ,Nritieri; ' Inducted into
'his great office as the chosen' representative . .of
law; * Of union, and•Of the trite •principles the
Government, belies:, in his` official' conduct, fully
justified the 'confident expectation of a lario
majority of those
. whose votes were given for
him . . The loreign policy of the: Adminiatra ,
•tiori has not been' merelY:sitisfaCtoryr it has
been so eminently successful •that it is'agreed,
almost Commodcoriserit, •the country never'
before filled a position' so'criViable in the 'esti
ination of foreign Staten. .Although' Ppposed
most 'earnestly and - indefatigably.throughout;
and in many instancee meanly, treacherously,.
and vindictively by his' opponents, hehaircon
eumated measures in the.direction of the di
'plomeey of the Goverement that atainp:his ad-
ministration with the seal of Trnperialialile
honor. • The I'aragnay.•expedition, nOtwith
stendind its failure,vres so 'onfidently'predicted
by the • clamorous - organs . of ' the . Oppbsition;
was attended, 'nevertheless,, with the fullest
:111e treaty With Japan,.opcniiii new.
ports .to our preient and future. trade with 'that
crowded enipiie; ...the treaty. with China, 'by .
whose 'Faieful proyisioni,besideir covering the
entire iround.of commercial, ritlYantaies, - ;the
light.of CI i tianity -fig the first time • is.Per
milted freely to shine'among the heathen Mill
lens of the Chinese world; the consumate skill
and judgment with. which, in the face,of never
Ceasing difficulties and surprising
the Central American questions have been man;
aged, now 'just on the ,everippareritly,. of pro-,
Aucing . thoir well nigh invaluable fruits, and
above all, the final - settlement.ef the. Right of
Search question with Grent.Britain,. clearly on .
'Amerceari principles; ail make up a chapter'of
histOry Which,if : it khouhl contain ;
. an.rieCtrunt ;
of nothing else of nofe,.ikintld secturp.for:yien%'
Went Buchanan's* Administration a prominent
and glorious, place in our rinitals.:.
•• . • • . .
• When we turn to Till . . BuchinanlkomestiF
Administration, so.fM..fromits affordi g rea
sonable cause •of complaint,. it , deserveS the'
heartiest commendation of avaiy citizen who
'sc'orns the petty personal,. paltry politics'of the
hour, who admires the conception . and practice
of, real statesmanship,' end who detests the
inieerable.evasions add dishonest exPedients of
office•seekinepelitirians. . While thePresidest
may have offended, 'in some instances, the mop:
bid - sentiments. of particular localitiee, we aver,
that no one who speaks seriously end 'truthfully,.
can point his finger to asingle. case in Which'
he has not endeavored,..according to his. best
conVictione, to vindicate the laws - he. - vras
eworn'ta maintain and execute. 'Nor: can his
'bitterest opponent honeStly.accuse him of hey
ing sought personal_ popularity at the expense of
the Constitution; or that he has at any. time,
deserted. his official obligations, by coinciding
with the'prejudices, or popular interests orany.
'section, or. State; North, South, East or West.'
We. speeksonnewhat warmly, fellow citizens,'
.because we have.been'. and' are conscientiously
indignant et the course of Misrepresentation
and vituperation adopted by the Opposition', as
iho ',electioneering • trick of a "padsi, against a
great and venerable man,lthe purity'of.whose
private life, or public conduct, cannot really bp
(walloped by any, honorable pei son,', on honor
'able grounds: ~ • BeSides, 'we Wish, to- declare
that, if their'discredit others may forget it,
we always remember -that James Buchanan is
A Pennsylvanian born and bred; :that: his ferric:
asti statesman, while aervitg With. the highest
reputation in the most responsible thuds under
the Government, is' inseparably, ;it Part of our
State glory;' and that by farce of. his . -virtues
'.dad splendid abilities, he' is: :the first and only
Pennsylvanian' to whom the nation hait'aeccir;-
.ded the Chief Magistracy of the ITMott: • '
When lie assoineit. office it Was well It‘finVvli•
to us, and 6 . .04 . that twoi-important
rice oftheAliiiind Stritel . w#b in anondition'of
•revolt. We need ind.iioiiii.ont •
the ince:that Loth these' Teirilories.are•now,at
peace With thenuielveit .. and irtobedionce. ,
tW : the*,
teM;hOWMigry and iieriliiimEt fho4C4e,
the subject of negrcr, slavery-L.-an „erreiterwmt
constantly .fdlined into a :•flarne,:by;,,A',‘Kanitas
ihriekind":in‘.,entitinS7anit,Other • seriiiitiOnfili
plianc'es,iif. the same sort,. 'uritifir : itkici.i)C:, : rneri
began In fear theworst; und.'to.ttjr'tttpale With
epprehension.-..1t is due: to 'the'. - President' to
say that.lidbas:restrairted the wittr`and vicitius
.spirit Of fee tion' with a strong hatidL--minler . nie
in. its •gresji, though itrotig,--nntil, at : jest, the
whole Jr;eleciary of tAaland,...l%ed,Wryl tind . state , —
t•WaShitigteli, id Ohio; in
Carolina, nhd elsewhereonay be' !Mini - ,..terning
to the reSenc . of the,•Governmenti While
august pre.itnee. of .the CAmtis, .storm of
.political v i olence begins sensibly: to 'subside,
common sense b egins. everYwiere: •to • mnster
• ,•. • , , • .
and the: victorious presence of the
law` begins te:coniver the hydrarcense and.
i In the . year:lEo7, a commercial and, financial
revulsion, overwheltning as it was sudden,
*wept Over the, countiy, 'threat:ling not only
private, . hut , public 'solvency: No. one will
.think of , peeking to. hold .the President in any .
way . responsible for !hie extensive
trous convulsionOf business and credit. But
'we believe that we have a 'right to Insist that
all' proper acknowledgment should be tnadefor•
the sagacity, prudence and tact characterizing
the . proceedings of • the. Administration; 'by
means . of ithich the: GoVethment was taken
.through en unexpected crisis of profound. em=
barrassment, withont the leapt depreciation Of
its credit, nnd without any addition tethe ax
es, or permanent of the p tc debt. ' •
We might say. , much.more, a d equally' to,
the perpotie j .in the defence of the President and'
his 'Administration from the scurrilous gossip
and slanderous. attacks of those who degrade
themselves and the, press, by resorting to each
contemptible devices; zo certain. to be expesed
—but: we forbear,' eaving the' ' whole subject to.
the sober investigation and serious, judgment
of the people: . . .*. . • , . •
• We heil'intended calling your:attention; fel- .
low citizens, . fo othei topics; 'l.e. Otter some
suggestions in reply to, the • misrepresentations
made by the Opposition;. of General 'Ctisteve..
cent letter to Mr: Hefei; and to refer to tied.
denuunc,e,..in appropriate language, the present
amendment of the. Constitution of .Maseachu
setts,effected by the votes of the, Opposition
there, being at onee, as it is, a deadly insult to
every naturalized citizen in the :United States;
and an '.excessive demonstration "in taTni ot the
pet Black RepUblican doctrine of negio . eguteleise,
or rather shall we say of negro superiority.--
But, we feel we have already sufficiently
'occUpied . Your attention, and we will reserve
what we have further to say. for another occa-.
sign.• ' ROBERT TYLER;
Chi - Orman; in behalf of the Committee.
Jinx 0. FREEZE;
N. I'. FEITIMMAN,
. . . .
CA:;sl A Minima Fortnrcil—zean a mother far=
gett Net'e morning, noon' or night but 'she
looks into the cothersof the kitcheti.iti which,
you read 'Robison cruspe;and thinks of you as
-yet a boy : Mothers: rarely become consciont
'that thetiL:childreit Ore growti *out of their
childhood.: They think,of there, advise them,
. rite !a thorn, as - if riot frill. fourteen yeats of
'age. They. cannot forget. the child. .Three
tlfi r ies a day she thinks who4re absent from'
the table, and hopes the. next year, at the _far.
thest, - may.'have rlust" . .her own • family
there 'and if you are there; look out for the
fat limb of, a fried chicken; and a cup of that
coffee • yhich none but everybody's owp mother
can rriake.' 'Did Hannah ;forget semuell
Shart'senterice full. of household -history, and'
running over )vith'eentrine.MOther-love. is -tel,
lingly beautiful: • ‘ , Moreover' his mother made
him a dreautiful &oat, and 'brought II to bliss
from year to year, when she'came up witklier
husband to the yearly' . sacrifice.";•• -
.• A mother mourning tit the fiast.borh's grave,
or closing the dying 'eye 'of child -after 'child,
dis Plays a grief whose very. sacrednessis
lime:':., BUt - .bitterer; heavier; than: the death . -
stroke is•the deriperatien of a son who'
*over`i crushed .heart,•into: vices' which ..he:
would hide 'even from the abandoned and vile.
Napoleon was, once asked by a lady 'what
France.needed .for the education of her•youth;
arid the short, profound reply wee; 4forricast'''•
. .. . . .
On Thursday': of .this • week: the - dudie.itiry ,
Corninittee in the . New Hampshire' Hodge of"
. , repor ted • , .. , ,
•Itepresentutivee a !stringent Personal,
Liberty Bill, said to hav e
.. ,hei n .. ..dr awn
anted abolition :and. fanatic,;Patker Pillsbury .
bill went farther itr.iitilliffeetiOn
. tban. any
other' yq ,contennplated. .To. o
. ey the'Ciiiisti;•
tutiOri of. the.guited 'tates 'an the 'federal Jan- .
was tnailea,•prirne, : linitiihribl by: :Ilia ' , years'.
,i nintisetunent for
.life. for' the Second, offenCe.—
In its fait 'stage:i this outtageous. bill went OW
swirnmingly, nasiing a • first: and second; reading,
bYrs'a 'vote of 234 tO lot '"..' : r '';
• . ' . : ''.
Thursday * night: .t he'' Legislature,. of-; New
Hatopshite.,wenr . 'to tied;`...inid-it., ,, Ulght's ' Steep
seems to have done this: . rriett*iiir:risitett r ,itervice
ih clearing their
,Wits: .114 ~bill cisme up "gain
yesterday in ; ibe • Henie . .ind:;*oo;givdefinitely .
postponed : by it 'vete.bloktiiklki ~±', As tkriXisr. :
istatute adjoartied %la . :day; '• we itiai , ',hirO.iiltitt
this isr - tbe Post of Mr: Parker Pithibury„anit.bis
syste...of.bulli4cationiqafr'' o 97na ve4 l 4 .
• Yens 2,7.: ... , „ ... ~' ,•.• •
~.% ',l;',- , "';' , ..:;',:.' .. ' ,
. , ..