Newspaper Page Text
HOLCOMB & Tit/CY, Publishers.
• ebllehe i,every Mursaay at Towanda, Pa:,
IioLCuM P. & TlaecY. Proptietora.
•rea.,+. i psi," irradvance, $l.OO per annum ;
pa , d • dvance $1.25. To subscribers out
county, 11,25, invarLsbly Irt advaittco, the
~tattiou bot•ig notede to cover prepamert of
4t:.ge. • '
.I,lv.ertiKin Rates:-B` . z cents a linelor first:
1.-;rtion, ant five 'cents per line for all sub...N.
ttrtit inset tuns. Beading notice advertit•ing
tt ante : pc r line. - Etght lines constitute a
.roam, amt twelve lines an inch, Auditor's
:maces $2.50. Administrator's and Executor's
yearly advertiiing $150.00 per
1 : F1F. ItEruBLICAS is published in - the iracy,
.10 . ,ire and Nobles Block, at the corner of Mau
:s:M Pine streets, over .1. F. Corser's Boot and
shoe store. Its circulation is over 2000, As an
vertisingnnedidm it is nnexeelled- in its im
- Our I tubbing Terms.
' We will furnish all paying subscribers for
IiEPULICAN within the county with any
the following • Pnblications, . until further
-maice, at the rates given below. '
Tue Itsrunucas $l.OO in addition.
Stoscribers residing out of •the county will
e charged 25 cents additional. ,
New York Weekly Times,
- Semi-Weekly Times •
New York Daily Tribune,
SCHti..Weekl e Y
tiew York Daily:Evening Post,
•• " Weekly " "
7:cmi-Weekly " • "
New York Weekly World, ' -
Semi -Weekly "
;liiladeunda Daily Times, . ..... :
Pinitidc!pins Weekly Times,
Niladelphia Weekly Press,
. Harper's Magazine,. ........
tit. Nicholas, Nicholas, .....
with steel - engraving of-Dickens
" Supplement,!... 2 50
. Magazine of American History 4 00'
North American Review, • ' 400
New York Medical Journal, 3 25
American Agriculturist, 1
Countr% Gentlemen, - 2 10
Rural New Yorker,.... - 1 85
Toledo Blade, • 1 60
Living Age,: 7 00
• • 1 65
Lippincott, 3 25
Dernori2st, 1 - 65
Godev;- 1 65.
Scientific American,.... 2 Is,
terson's ..... ... 1 60
.The Nursery, •t I'2o
Farmer's Review • • .40
Burlington Hawkeye, 1 50
New England Journal of Education.. 2 00.
liendail's Treatise on the Horne 25
rrival and Departure of Mails.
'Sails arrive and depart at the Towanda Post
ts.live as follows:
Phil.. N. I'. and Fastern States ... 4.00 A. M
liceliore, Laporte, kc........ ..... e. 30
L. T. w ay :nail from the North . .... 10.00
N4a• Era. kc.. Tuesday, Thursday and
Saturday ...... ..... su .
.1.i..1um. kc.. Monday. Wednesday 0
fi Friday -
Trpy, Burlington. kc 1:00 P. M
I.4.ayaville. Rome, kc - 1.00
ClOaed pouch from Erie and NCIt Rs 2:30
L.V.i.i way mall from the South . -4:35
C-uuton, fr.c. : 5:00
Belay - - 6;30
Closed pouch from Elmlra and g., R B 10:40
Canton, llonroeton„ /tc
Lehigh Valley way mail South
closed pouch Elmira, Erie and-North
,. ern Cetitral Railroads....
Troy. Sarni:lß-ton, /to
Barclay • •
New Era, Tnesda,yThursday and Sat.
Asylum, - Monday, WedLesday and
Friday " 1:00
Legaysville, Rome, ttc 1:00
lioNhore, tte•—• •. 2:45
Lehigh Valley way mail North - . 3:45
New Y irk Phila. and Eastern States. 7:45
•,:nc., open iron 7:00 A. 11. to 7:45 P. M. Money
irkirr office open from 8:00 A. K. to 7:00 P. M.
otilet. open on Sunday from 9:00 to 10:00 A. M.
P. PowELL, P. M.
I EHIGH VALLEY & PENNA. AND
" , NEW YORK RAILROADS: '
AItitANGEMENT OF PASMGEE TEAFNB
. TO TAKE EFFECT MAY 15, 1880.
ATATioNs. ]la .9. 7 3
•IP.M. A.M.A.11. .M.
1 . 2 05 7 20' . 7.16
"2.50 8.25 9.20
Rochester • -.., 5.15110.301 . .• •• •
Lyons , 6,4011.30 ..... .....
tionerli 6.54 11.55 ..... .....
Ithaca.... 8.35 1.18 8.30. ...
trwego 8:0010.60 ..•••
9.10 1.45 9.00 3.45
Wa'ierly 9.45 2.10 9.40 1 4 15
10.10 2.30 10.00 ' 4.30
Athens - 10.15 2.34 1 10.05 4.41
1040 3.001.043 505
I I 1
%I - planking 10.54 5.13
1 I 1 11• 03 •• •-•
i ta u d 1 n g Stone
. 1 .... 11.18
1 s 36'11.30 5.45
Laceyville .." .......... •• • • 1 11.44' 3.54;11.49 6 03
111.63 G. 07
Area hoppen 4.1012.10 6.23
I 12.16 6.28 .
i'-u tik hannock 42.25! 4.35 1.00 7.10
' 1 • 1.10'7.20
Wirantte i . I 1.25 7.35
A; 11 Junction •• ••• •• • ~ I 1 • 05 5.10 lAS 8.05
5 25. 4 .20 8 .55
Ifauc‘ci Chunk .it..e.-11arre t 1. 35 1 • '
' 3.45 7.30: 4.5011.00
Allentown ! 4.44, 8.211 5.3312.00
; 5.00 8.35; 6.05 12.15
5.30 9.00' 6.40112.55
, 6.55 10.351 8.25 2.20
i_s;ew York I 8.05' I 9.15 3.35
• A.M. P.M. P.M . P.M.
'l'.ld.'A..ld .A.11. , P.31.
' New York • 6.301 .... 7.40 3.40
Philadelphia 8.001.... 9.00 4.15
Easton ' 9.20' .... 10.15 5.50
- Bethlehem 9.50 .... 10.45 6.15
Allentown.l o . 4s ... 1 10.54 C. 24
Mauch Chunk - 111.05 . .....11.55 7;25
tWilkes•liarrel : , 1.08 6.00 1 - 2.03 9.45
SI. 11 Junction 1,35 6.35 2.25 10.10
LaGrange 1.20,..t. 10.42.
Tunkhannock • 2.18 7.331 3:op
11ehoopanY.... ........... .. .... 7.57 -.1
eshoppeti . 8.04 3.2811.19
'Skinner's Eddy - ! .... 8.19 ; -.11.33
Laceyvillel 3.03! 8.231 3.46 11.36
Wyaltising 1 8.43! 4.0311.55
rrenehtown ' 1. 1 855'112011
Runtruerfluld 1 ... - I 9.011 .. .112.17
Standing Stone :.. .l • ....I 9.10 .... 112.24
Wysauking , 1 9.19 .1 12.34
re uand• • ••• ' i 400.! 9.30; 4 43 . 12.45
Lis te r 9.431 4.55 12 - 17
Milan ..... ' - . 1 9.52' 1.06
Athena ............ ...'..... 4.30,10.001 5.10 1.15
Sayre i 4.40110.10.
Waverly ... 1 4.45110 . 20: 5.30 1.30
Elmira 6.25111.1& 6.15
Owego , ! - 5.391 ..-.. 6.25 ...ti
IthaeA - 6.10 2.10 1 6.40 ....
Geneva 1 -7.41 5.00 8.14.
I.y.aut, 8.40 8.60
twelles ter • ° „. 9.50 7.40 9.40 1 ....
Buffalo , .1...e....111.40, -12.05 i 8.00
Niagara Falls r:ct..,..1 1.031 .. ,
_: . 1.081 9.40
P.K.P.31. A.N. A.M.
‘t6:oo, A. M., French
, Standing Stone 6.31
6.153. Mater 1 7.06,
Sayre 7:40, Waver.
No. 32 leaves Wyslating
Gown 6.14, iinnsmerfleid 6.23,
IVcsauktng 6.40. Towanda
Milan 7:16, Athens 7:25, 13s,
/ is 7:5.5, arriving at Elmira 8:50.
3i - leaves 545 P. N. Waverly 6:35,
Sayre 8:45, Athens 6:50. Milan 6:59, ulster 7:08,
Towanda 7:23, Wysanking 7:35.• Standing Stone
7.44, itummerteld 7:52, Frenchtown 8:02. arriv-
Irg at Syslasing at 8:15.
lrattas 8 and 15 ran daily. Sleeping cars on
trains 8 and 15 between Niagara Falls and Phila
delphia and hetween Lyons and New York with..
Oct changes. Parlor cars on Trains 2 and. 9
between Niagara Falls and Philadelphia with.
out change, and through coach to and from
Rochester via Lyons.
• - WM. STEVENSON. Supt.
N.Panz, Ps., May 15, 1881.. Pa. & N.Y. U. R. .
.• GEORGE OTT,
laisaW larile i &mite Irak
Trice.ehearor than the ebes
m3e..4f. WIDIOL PA
-,.:.,J?!--. •::. '.
. _ , • _
. _ ...
. ~.... ~.
Towanda. Business Direcin.
Qittrrn Attorneys-at-Lsw; OMo
0 over Powell & Co. .
CALIFP. N.. 01lice in Wood's Block. south
Pint National Bank. up stairs. Julie IsiB
WIABREE Lk WA (PTC Eisbree and Z Elsbree)
Ja Office in Bier Cur Block, Park SC may 14.78
PECK & OVERTON (Beal .11 Peek and D d Oerr
teal. oMce over Mira Market 49-19
rIVERTON & SANDERSON at Overton And John
"Sanderson.) OffWein Adstas Bloakt,jujjslB
MAXWELL, WM. OMco over Dayton's Store
WILT, J. ANDREW.- °Mee in Idesn'n Block.
r‘AVIES, CARNOCHAN & HALL, (W T Davies.
W H (anso:Ana, L M HaU.) Office in rear
CT Ward House. Entrance on Poplar St. (Je12,75
ivrERCIJE. RODNEY A. BoUcitor of Patents.
Ai& Particular ett•ntion paid to business in
Orphans' Court and to the settlement of estates.
Office in Montanye's Block 4949
la o Pan/30N & YOUNG, (1. NePhersols and
AXA. W. 1. Young.) Office eolith elde oniercar'n
Block. " • . tab 1.74
iurADILL & KINNEY. Office corner Haul and
JAL Pine it. Noble's block. second floor front.
Oollectiens promptly attended to. fob 1;8.
TrrILLIA.IIIB, AI4GLB ft BUFFINGTON. (H N
Williams, & J Angle and B D Buffington).
Office west side of Main street, two doors north
of Argns office. AU business entrusted to their
care will receive proinpt attention. oct 26,77
IkkASON & T11031P802.1. ( G. P. Alarm. B. A.
J.L TAomprii.) Attorneys-at-Law. Special at
tention to conveyancing, examination of title
and all matter rotating to real estate. Collec
tions promptly remitted. .011lbe over Patch k
Tracy's store. marlo-81.
TAMFA H. AND JOHN W. CODDTNG, Attor
t) neys sud Counsellors-at-taw. Orrice to the
Bercur Block, over C. T. Kirby's Drug Store.
IirEENEY, .1. P. Attorney-st•Liw. Office in
+a. Montanye's Block, Wain Street. , t
-Sept. 15, 'Bl-tr. •
THOMPSON, W. H. and k. A..; Attorneys-at
Law, Towanda, Pa. officw in klerctir Block,
over 0. T. Ilirby's Drug Store, entrance on Hain
street, first stairway north of Post-office. All
business promptly attended to. . Special atten
tion given to claims against thi, United Stated
for Pensim.s. Bounties, Patent*, etc., and to
collections and settlement of decedent's es Wes.
April 21. ly
JOHNSON. T. 8., M.D. 011teei over Dr. H. C
Porters's Drug Store. feb 12;78
MEViTON,Drs. D. N. dc F. G. • Moe at Dwelling
h.l on River Street, corner Weston St. feb 12,77
LADD, 0.. K., M.D. Office Ist door glove :old
bank building, on Main street. Special at
tention given to diseases, of the throat and
lungs. • ' ju1y19,78
WOODBURN, 8. M.. M.D. Office and resi
deuce. Main street, north ot M.E.Chur:ll
Siedico Examiner for Pension fh partment.
• tab 22,78
DATNE.. E. D.. lif .D. Office over 11 , intanye'a
Store. Office hours from 10 to 12 A. u. and
from 2 to 4 v. M. Special attention given to
Diaeaaea of the Eye, and Diaraaos of tho Ear.
oct 20 77
=MEW HOUSE Main •t., next corner south
of Bridge street. New house and new
furniture throughout. . The proprietor has
spared neither pains or expense_ in making his
'hotel first-class and respectfully aolleits a share
of public patronage. Meals at alt hdurs. Terms
'reasonable. Large Stable attached.
mar 8 77 WM. REMY.
WATKINS POST. NO. 68, G. A. R. Meets
every Saturday evening. at Military Hall.
GEO. V. MYER, Coinniander.
.1. R. Rrrrnmax, Adjutant. • feb 7, 79
nth-STAL LODGE, NO. 67. Meets at K. of P
Hall every Monday evening at 7:30. in
durance $2,000. Benefits $3.00 per week. Aver
age annual coat. 5 years experience, $ll.
J. 11: ICITTEIDGE. Reporter.
J . X.SBZ Ja., Dictator. feb 22.78
BRADFORD LODGE, N 0.167, I. O. O. F. Meet
in Odd Fellow'► Hall, every Monday evening
►t 7 o'clock. WASS= arts., Noble Grand.
9:00 A. it
p . N.
PT:. F. E. No. $2 Second street All orders
ill receive prcimpt attention. June 12,15
10 TAN, G, W., county Einperintendent. bffice
Jap days last Saturday of each mouth. over
Turner k. Gordon's Drug Store, Towanda Pa.
QIISQUEHANNA COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE.
The Pall Term of twenty-eight year' Com
mences onVonday, October 31st, 1881. Forests
logne or other iiitormation, addregs or call on
WILLIAMS, EDWARD. Practical. Plumber
and Gas Fitter. Place of business in Her
oin Block next door to JoUrnal office opposite
Public' Square. Plumbing, Gas Fitting, Repair
ng Pumps of all kinds, and all kinds of Gearing
promptly Attended to. AU wanting work in his
ne should give him call. July 27,77
DtifiSELL. 0. El, - General Insurance Agency.
LW Towanda, Ps. Office in 'Whitcomb's Book
Store. s' July ILIA
DELEVAN HOUSE, KLMIRA , N. Y. C. T. Smith.
formerly of the Ward House, Towanda, Pro-
prietor. This Hotel is located immedistly
opposite the railroad depot, Every pains taken
for the comfort of guests, July 5,77
TOWNER. H. L.. ld._ .D.
HOMNAPATHIC PHYSICIAN & SITHOZON.
Resident° and office just north of Dr. Corbon's
Main 'treat. Athena. Pa.
NEW FIRM ! NEW STORE!
NEW ROODS 1
\3O L 12
IN PATTON'S . BLOCK,
Gold Silver Watches
CLOCKS, - JEWELRY
Sr Hls Stock is all NEW and of the FINEST
QUALITY. Call and see for yonrseU
REPAIRING DONE, PROMPTLY
sENDALLs SPAVIN CURE
Is sure in its effects, mild in its action as it does .
not blister, yet is penetrating and powerful to
reach every deep seated pain or to remove any
bony growth or other enlargements, sack Y
swine, splints curbs, callous, sprains. swell.
ings and any lameness and d, all enlargements of
the joists or limbs. or for, rheumatism in man
and for any purpose Or which a liniment is used
for man or beast. It is now known to be the
best liniment for man overused. acting mild and
yet certain in its effects.
fiend address toe Illustrated Circular which
we think Wes positive proof of its virtue,. No
remedy bas ever met with such unqualified m
ons to our knowledge, for beast as well a man.
Price $1 per bottle. or al: bottles for ss.'. AU
Druggists have it or pan get it for rm, or it will
be sent to any address on reoeipt of price by the
Proprietors. annuls. t. Co.. gnat
burgh Falls, Vt.;
- Sold by all 'Dragglota.
PHYSICANS AND SURGEONS.
HOUSE AND SIGN PAINTING
EDWIN E. QUINLAN, A. M.
PLUMBER AND GAS FITTER
(Formerly with Hetll4:lelmanj
HAS OPENED A
OF HIS OWN
With Swarts & Gorden's Store,
Main Street, Towanda, Pa.,
Where he keeps* FIIIJsASSOIkatENT or
SWISS AND AMERICAN;
CURE tff e(s4B1 :ejelligiJieuma
!ism, Divvy, earl Visease, BBL.
tousness - Nervous debility, etc.
rho soot lIZMZDY ENOWN to Mari!
This Syrup possesses Varied Properties.
It Stimulates the Ptyalin la the
Saliva, which converts the Starch and
Sager of the Jibed into glucose. A dell.
cieney in Ptyalin* causes Wind and
Souring of the !bad in the stomach. II
the medicine is taken Immediately after
eating the fermentation of Apis pre
aets*poss the Veer.
It net: sofion the Kidneys.
It Regas. the Dowels.
It Purifies the Blood.
It Qu lets the. Nervous Optimps. :
It Proinotes Digestion.
It Nourishes. "iterengthessa and
It carries Vette Old Blood an ds
Zt opens the pores of the skin and indsum
Healthy Perspiration. .
It neutralizes the hereditary Lint, s polsor
in the blood, which generates emWula. Erp
sipelas c and all manner of skin diseases and
internal humors. .
There are no spirits employed in its mann.
facture. and it can be taken by the most deli,
cute babe, or by the agedand feeble, envies:l
being regssitts affinities to directions. •
• DRUGGISTS SELL, IT.
I,:elOoratery s , 77 West Rd sit,
Dear Sir:=Thie is to certify that your LNDIAN
BLOOD SYRUP his benefited me more, after a
short trial, than aU the medicine I have used
for 15 years. •
Dear Sir:—l hays used your excellent INDIAN
BLOOD SYRUP for Disease of the stomach; and
It has proved td be &valuable medicino.
Turtle Pohl', Mckean co.,`Pa.
Dear Sir:—l was troubled with Nervous De
bility and partial Paralysis, for a number, of
years, and obtained no relief until I used your
INDIAN BLOOD SYRUP, a short trial of which
restored me to health. '
Turtle Point, McKean co., Ps.
Dear Sir:—My little girl was cured of Inflam
mation of the Face and Elea, by the nee of your
reliable INDIAN BLOOD SYRUP. A physician
had previously failed to afford relief and it was
thought ihat the child could not live. Its neck
and breast was entirely covered with Scrofulous
Sores, which are now entirely gone. .
Sure Care for Liver Complaint.
Dear Sir:—This is to certify that your INDIAN
SLID SYRUP has effectually relieved me of
Live. Complaint and Dyspepsia, - after the doe
Remedy for the Rheumatism.
Turtle Point, McKean co., Pa.
Dear Sir:—l ha'►e used your excellent INDIAN
BLOOD SYRUP for Rheumatism and Liver Com
plaint, and have derived great relief therefrom.
' Daum Snosox.
1 An Agent's Testimony.
1 - Turtle POint. McKean co.,' Pa.
War Sirr—l wag a life-long sufferer from Liver
Coniplalnt until I used your great INDIAN
BL(iOD SYRUP. from which I soon obtaified
perioanent relief. I also And the Syrup to be a
valuable Bowel Regulator.
Dear Sir:—Thls is to certify that your reliable
INDIAN BLOOD SYRUP is the beat medicine
ever used in my iamiir Hoping the public will
be benefited by this great remedy, I take great
pleasure in giving my testimony of itslralue.
Joszra P. Bauaa.ua.
Dyspepsia and Indigeition
Berlin, Somersitt Co.. Ps.
Dear Sir:—l take pleasure in recommending
your INDIAN BLOOD SYRUP as the best medi-
cine made. People who are Dyspeptic should
not fail to give it a trial. For tne Stomach it
has no equal. I have used it and know illo-be
a valuable medicine,
Dear Sir:—;l was troubled with Liver Com•
plaint for a long time, and by the persuasion of
your Agent, l commenced taking - your excellent
INDIAN BLOOD SYBUP,which has greatly bene•
filed me. - 1 have never found any medicine to
°anal it, and can confidently say it is sfiafe and
highly valuable remedy.
Pain in the Breast. • •
Berlin,Somerset Co., Pa.
Dear Sir:—l was acted with a Pain in my
Breastand Side. and when I would lie down, I
could scarcely . breathe for Pain, I was also 'very
woak in my Breast and Lungs. I used some of
your INDIAN BLOOD SYRUP and am now near
ly well. My Lungs are strong once more and I
am very gratetul to yon for such a valuable
.„! Dyspepsia and Indigestion.
. Philadelphia. Pa.
Dear Slr:—This is to Certify that your valua
ble INDIAN BLOOD SYRUP has cured me of
Dyspeps , a and Indigestion, which I bad been
afflicted with for years.
For Kidney Diseases.
, Philadelphia, Ps.
Dear Sir:—l vets subject to severe Pains in my
Kidneys, Wealines, and Painful .Sick Headache,
for years. and failed to obtain relief, until I was
induced to _try your reliable INDIAN BLOOD
SYRUP. a short trial of which restored me to
No• 1G25 Bertram St. _
Dear Sir:—l was troubled with Costiverses and
Headache, and the use of your INDIAN BLOOD
SYRUP proved most beneficial to me. It is the
best medicine I ever need.
No, 817 Federal St
. Dear Sir: —I was afflicted with Dyspepsia and
BUliorumess for years, and failed to procure re-
Hof until I began using your INDIAN . BLOOD
BYBVP, which , soori effectually relieved me. I
take great pleuure in recommending its use to
the afflicted.. •
No. 1035 Locust St
Disease of the. Stomach audi Liver.
SaiLtlll Pilke Co., P.
Dear Sir:—Thin is to certify tnat I have mad
Stomach lIAN BLOOD SYRUP for Disease
and Liier t and have been Much b e n s fited thereby.
Dear Sir;--I consider your reliable INDIAN
BLOOD SYRUP the best medicine I ever used in
my family; it is just u recommended.
• Mau= Cimino.
Dear fdr: . —l haVe used your great INDIAN
BLOOD SYRUP in my family for Worm and
summer 6i - implant. and it has proved effectual
In all cases.
Dear daughter was in Poor Health
and a short trial of your INDIAN BLOOD SYRUP
entirely cured her. • I
A Gialvs. Warrel) for
ot the INDLUI BIA:10D
every town of 'Mice, In which Ihete
no amt. PuWsUrs gival osapplicalio!.
TOW3A. BRADFORD' COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY, DECEIV:43ER 29, 1881.
SOLD SINCE IST&
NEW YOB.K CITY.
hever falls to Cure.
Ashland, Schnykill co., Ps.
B. B. Busaus
Disease of the Stomach.
Ashland. Schnytill co.,4Pa
Mae. J. Atraoka
D. C. Wnesnir
Turtle Point, McKean co., Pa
F. F. BISHOP.
UrnT 0. 13ne8os
A Valuable Medicine.
Berns, Somerset Co., Ps
Berlin. Somerset CO., pa
Groias M. B.Lucrr
pJrT): } t
Jmi. A. Baowar
Fami T. GOEXCAT
Best Family Medicine.
- ushkill. Pike Co.. Ps.
Remedy for Worms;
',Never Falls to Con.
Baehkfii. Pike Co.. Pa
atRAX, VAX •
man enzusrw emzE.zr.
By NON. ALBION W. TOURONEIL —mown
.TlON .0P INTIZEN-.-OF
LATION OF CHRISTIANITY TO 'POLITICAL
DUTY-THE PROBLEM OF SELF GOYIM'
=MP—ROW' TO BEAT BOSEES—NO CITY
FOB moms WIIO ARE RIMED BY BOSSES
—POLITICS IN THE SOUTH—PARTIES A
NECESSITY—MOOD MEN MUST RULE THE
A lecture delivered in tha Ampithe
atre; at Chautauqua,' August 11, 1881.
Words arelnch stubborn things that
one can . neVer • be entirely °edam
that these wican he addresses will ap
prehend theni in the same sense that he
intends then) .f.co be received. This fact
mast be my eXcuse -.for defining words
ito frequently I need, and - apparently so
well understood, before an audience of
each intelligence as this.
The term•"oitizen" as it will be used
by me to-dey, is purely an American
word. It may seem a strange dfola-
ration to make that a term which is as
4d as the civic is, Roman itself iu its
radical signiftmom, yet in ita mostgen-
orally accepted significance rlo-day is
clearly a product of our American
civilization. ''Citizen," as defining
some sort.of relatiou between the iudi-
vidnal or claw, and the elate or a city,
ie a ,word too old to talk about its
origin; but as meaning the relation
of the American citizen - to the American
nation, or as mea ning ning the relation of an
individual who is 4 component part of a
self-governing coramanity, it is jest as
old as the American nation and no
older. We are accustomed to talk loose-
ly Omit the republics of Roine and
Greece as ancient 'self•governing--eora•
munities. Whenever we use the word
"republic," whenever we speak of self-
government in connection with the peo
ple of any nation existing previous to
the birth of the American 'Republic,
we utter a falsehood; we speak of what
does not exist and never did elist. I
wish to call attention toil& because of
the analogies that are so often sought to
be drawn between those so-called re-
publics and - the real self governiugloom
munitiea of to-day. Greece aud'Rozue
in there beat estate were simplfaristoc
ratios, , ori perhap.l more_ properly,
pliumracies. They were oligarchies who
chose temporary rulers. The piesent
idea of . a self-governing community—
that which now exists throughout , the
civilized - world-Lis not that of a peoplt
who choose men to rule over them.
out of men who are' chosen to be
the agents of a people in their :own
self-govurnment. (A.pplanse*.) So",that
I shall defiue 'citiz - zln,' for use today,
to be one of the coordinate elements of
a self-governing community.
Now. I must attempt the more diffi
cult task of defining the word 'Chris
tian.' I doubt not it seems as simple a
thing to the merest child here . present
ae falling off a log to a turtle, but there
could not be a greater mistake.' The
term 'Christian,' if made too' broad,
embraces many a man that has no Nisi
new under its tegis; if made too narrow
it shuts out many a man: who f would
reach with my thought to=day. I doubt
not the definition which I shall adopt
will meet the criticism-of many, especi
ally of our ministerial brethren who are
present. They must remember that
in dealing with this term they are think
ing chiefly of the world to come. Citi-I
zenabip, however. happens to be bound
by the river of time; Christianity as it
iiirepts citizenship stops at the hither
side of the Charm° ferry. I propose
to regard 'Christian,' then. as including
every man who believes in the teaching .
of Jesus of 15szeretb, or who, not be;
,lieving in theirs, is imbued with hi's
spirit, 9r thinks he ought to- be. Why
do I mike it so broad P Because I pro
pose only to consider it in iconnection
with citizenship; not the ) • rights or pri
reileges of the citizen at all, but simply
his duties and the relation of Christian
ity to the petformance . or non-perfor
mance of those ities. In this nous:sec
tion, Ido not mean, be it understood,
by the term Christian, or Christianity,
to refer at all to the Church. lido not
mean any inchoate or indefinite. 'or any
defined or organized body of men hav
ing boundaries and elements' difierent
and distinct from the State. Ido not
mean 'to consider the relations of the
citizen to the State as . affected by
Christianity. In other words, I desire
to suggest for your thought what is the
injunction of Christianity to the indivi
dual Christian as regards his personal
duties as a self-directing integer2f a self
governing community. A- republics, a
self-governing community, casts an
equal, burden upon your shoulders and
upon 'mine. It is' no unreal figure of
speech that refers to the citizen of our
-republic as an uncrowned king. Not
only does sovereignty come back to
him in its last resort,' but the attribute
of power and government rests , con
stantly upon him. Every one of the
fifty millions that compose" ur nation,
who has attained to man's estate, has
upon himself the responsibility of good
government for the whole. It is a res
ponsibility that he . can no more shirk
or surrender than he can shirk the res
ponsibility 91 his own sours salvation
upon another. There are no deserters
or bounty-jumpers in the army of free
dom any more than intim army of the
Lord. (Applause.) The man who seeks
by any means to avoid any portion of his
responsitility brands himself by that
very act not onily as a moral sneak but
as a thief, who 'takes that which him
enriches not, and leaves; mepoor in
deed.' It is not my good !name which
be has stolen, butit is myright to good
government. Between you and me
there Is an unwritten contract. We
, never looked into each other's _ hoes be
fore; we never heard eaoh other's,ioioes
until this hour; but as an. American
citizen you are bound to me by the tact
of my American citizenship to 44,idi in
your power without injury to yourself;
to give me every right. privilege, , im
munity and blessing that good govern
meat can bring. tapplause.)
Now, what is the rogation of ohristi
anity to this duty P That is lhe our
D. M. BALL.
6, OOVEBIaIEff OP ISE PEOPLE BY TEE PEOPLE AND FOR THE PEOPLE."
lion that I shaW call a t icia yot to
ewer. The great aharaoteristic of the
OtWietiso religion ts that it is doingre-
ligion. There is not an atom of sloth
fulness in it: The dreamy creeds of
the droWay east implanted in man's
heartlhe anchoritio idea that by exclu
sion from the world, by contemplation
simply of God. be might sneak out of
responsibility to his fellows, and climb
up the iTabobian ladder into heaven
without - leave (laughter and apPlanse),
without having done anything to en
title him to its blessings or enjoyments.
The Christian religion has no. passive
voice. It 'is an Olive, transitive idea--
it always means something—and the
Christian is shot oat into the weal like
a bomb from a mortar to hit somebody.
If it does not, it is not the fault of the
powder that lay bebiod him—the aphit
of the Gond-doer, Jeans of Nazareth—
it is the. fault of the so-ealled Christian
hiniself. It is because he has not
weight enough, and consistency enough
to hurt anything when be comes against
it. asaughter.) - I say this, is the great
distinctive idea of Christianity, and if
any learned man who listens to me Will
glance his eye over the history of relig
ions, he will find that there never, pre-
vions to the day of Jesus of Nazareth,
was a religion proclaimed that had a
human aide. A mail ander those an
cient creeds, under any other system of
philosophy, if saved at all, was _saved
for his oat sake. He simply by a sort
Of special favor was allowed to tack him
self to, some so-called divi i ne influence,
and share its apotheosis. The thought
and spirit of Christianity is radically
different from this. Look at those
Urea wonderful years of its Great Mas
ter's ministry, as it is calleil—servica
would have been a better name-what aid
he do ? Did he spend his time in prayer ?
You may write down upon your open
palm in big letters all the prayers of his
that are recorded. Did he establish
forms and ceremonies? He left the
question of church orgabization so in
distinct- that Fecta to-day are founded
on a question of Greek inflection,
(Laughter.) Did he spend his time in
retailing to his followers the glories of
paradise like ltohamet ? You may
write almost upon a thumb-nail all. that
he said to us Shout the world to come
Ile lived in the present. and that glor
ious record is illled.to the overflowing
; wiiCone fact—he went up and down the
world doing good to all men. (Applause.) .
It is this which makes Christianity the
mother and nurse of the republican 1
idea. (Applause.) The 'declaration of
the great unde4ing tenets of deme
cracy came from the Master's lips; were
echoed next by grind old Peter when
he hail seen the vision of Joppa.
and rushed hissing-hot iron the month
of Paul when be stood amid the seething
masses of Boman life and. said, that in
Christ—that is, in the -Christian idea,
the Christian world, the Christian na
tion—there was 'neither Greek nor Jew,
Barbarian, Beythilin, bond nor free.'
(Applause.) For the first time, the
right of man to co-equality With his
fellow man, and the correla.ive duty
that rests on him, because he is a man,
was declared by the founder of Christi
anity. lam afraid some learned man
may take issue with me there. I had
the folly to make that statement a, few
months ago, and , a man a aid in derision,
the next day, that the idea of Christian
religion—'Do unto others as you would
that they should do unto yon'—bad fal
len from the lips of Confucius centuries
before the birth of Christ. My dear
friends,. there is all the difference
between the Confucian doctrine
and that of the Magnin.) that there is
between holiness and trade. (Ap
plause?) Confucius . -said to his pi:lpda:
1 'lf you want to succeed in this world
treat everybody that you meet well;
serve others as you Would like to be
served, because you may need to have
. back rubbed some day.'
(Laughter.' Thit was the doctrine of
Confucius. The doctrine of Jesus
Christ is: 'Do unto all men as you
would that they should do tmto you,
because they are men with with you;
-arid my children," (Applause.)
Now, what are the' relations between
this fundamental idea of Christianity,
its characteristic essence, and the duty
which you and Ipire to ourselves, our
neighbors and our children as citizens
of this great republic ? That is the
question which I wish you to consider
fora little while. There are some septa
—thank God they are tolerably insig
nificant—like Dunkards, and the Mora
vians, and the . Mennonites, : and other
odd people scattered up and deirn the
Christian world who refuse ,to take up
this duty , of self-government which God'
lays upon us. They sit down and fold
their hands and twiddle their fingers;
and leave the Lora and the Devil to
fight that matter out alone. accepting
th4i result without grumbling, no matter
which comes out on top. (Laughter.)
Oar friends the Quakers sometimes an
notince a similar, doctrine and oc can
-1 idnally they try to practice it; but they
always take a hand , in when they see the
Lord can not well get along , without
them (Laughter.) 'lt is not td those
secis, - ,or to any particdlar parts of the
Christian Church that I desire to refer
to-day; but it is to, that 'spirit which
prevails to a considerable extent in
nearly ad denominations, that the
nearer a Christian would get to God the
farther he must keep away from poli
tica—the good government of a great
People=is the big human end of relig
ion.axld (Applause.) On us repose the
us nsibility of the future character of
our government and our people. 'A
n • nis not merely good by accident,
or training of its individual mem
but it is made good Ind kept good
by heforce of good law and good 'ad
ministration. It is good by the force
of those who govern, and by the princi
pled that control and dominate their
action. I presume there is not ; one in
this aseesibly who has orniatkited that
Impression which is so frequently heard
In the world ondde of Obantauqui, to
the effect—generally spoken with *good
desl of self-complacency of tone: 'Well,
dr, I mean, todo my duty; I; go and
illiptyst'..blit *flake . - pa pines al
interest in polities; I think too much of
myself for that; I don't propose to risk_
my religions character by going into
the struggles of a campaign.' My no-
tion is, my friends, that a man whose
religion will not stand tbe jostle and
wear and tear of political life has not
enough of it to be worth saving. (Ap
plause.) Not only is the Christian re
ligion an active,religion, and an active
idea, bat, thank God;.it is not a band-
box idea. It is not ono 'of those pre
cious gifts which must be folded up and
wrapped and tried ' and locked
away for fear the Devil will put
his contaminating clutch upon it.
It is its great glory thafit . ie an every
day garment; and tho particular beauty
of the material is that the more it is
worn, apd the dirtier 'the places where
it is worn, the better it will look andthe
better it is. (Applause.) It is an ada
mantine shield that courts the conflict,
because every blow of battle-axe, every
thrust of spear, or impinging of the ar
row butlremoves the grime and shows
its brightness. If we are charged with
a duty to our fellows we must do it if
we are Christians, or if we mean to be
Ab, I suppose the cry comes hp in
the hearts ofta great majority of you:
•Polities is such a dirty mess I Would
you have a Christian man go down into
its filth ? Wonld you have a man take
his good nuns into the political arena,
with its fraud and corruption, its rings
and ' its bosaes,and the 141 knows
what of inignity ? What chance has-a
good man or an honest man in that
seething maelstroim of infamy.' My
friends, Ido not mean to admit your
premises. lam not one of those who
believe thatthe political life of our na
tion is worse than that of other nations,
or that our political life of to-day is
worse than - that of other days. (Ap
plause.) I believe that there never was
an hour When the political ethics of our
people were is high; when the moral
Character of our political leaders of all
parties were as pure as , they are to
day. We have, unfortunately—no, ter
tunately, let me say—among us a class
of good men and women who believe
that the highest duty of the Christian
citizen is to praise Clod and find faull
(Laughter.) The latter part of it they
do with,zeal; The first I hope they do
equally well; Bat when these' kople
utter anathemas in regard to the politi-
cal thought and life of to-day they fig
get one thing. They . do not pause to
consider the Lot if we could turn this
flood of light, which this reporters'
table typifies, upon the lives of even
the bust generation of our public men,
they would turn away with blushes of
shame and disgust. Suppose that a
really truthful life of any one of the
thousand names we revere-in the politi
cal world could be of a generation or
two written, and that types could be
found to print it. Is there a' man or a
woman here whO would let it lie upon
the center-table, or put it in the hands
of a son, much less a daughter ? There
isa side difference in the light that -is
focused upon the lives of . yesterday and
to-day. At night the morn is aliays
bright in comparison With the earth,
because we see the the bright side of it.
So wealways see the bright side of the
past that is distant from 'us, and the
dark side of the present that is under
our feet. Why, only a score of years
or Bongo, a tale of shame or infamy
died of old'age before it got across the
z a single state. Now, three
continents'read of to-day's misdeeds at
to-morrow's,breakfast-table. „The blood
on the murderer's knife has not time to
dry before Europe hears the cry.. And
before the officer of the law can move a
block to lay his hand upon the criminal
Asia knows of his offence. Your day is
a wonderfel day.. Your standard of
man is a wonderful standard,. and your
fault-finding is largely the result of the
fact that you see the standard of to
day, and the men of to-day, and forget
that I,hose of yesterday were measured
But, granting all that the most lugu
brious complainer could wish, or as
Byron els, that everybody and every
thing in Politics 'is as bad as the Devil
could wish,' whose fault it'? Whose
fault is it ? Ido not ask this for the
purpose of blaming you, my friends. I
would not presume it to lie your fault,
but let one tell you if there has ever
been misgovernment in. America; if
there hag ever been wrong or oppression
in Lmerica; if there is row iniquity in
high places, or in low, it is because the
Christians in America have not done
theirdrity. (Applause.) You cannot
do ion= duty to the State by simply
praying for it, paying your taxes and
voting once a year. Your cannot pray
pOlitical evil out of existence, my politi
cal good into existence. You have to
work, and work hard, to accomplish
such a result. The work must be done
if the good is to be achieved, and, be
cause you are the governori, the, equal
and c&ordinate kings, of the land, it is
laid on your shoulders to do it.
Another thing, you cannot cure a po
litical evil by finding fault with it. You
might just as well undertake to batter
down Gibralter with green peas. I have
sometimes thought that the Christian
citizens of the United States read Josh
Billings. YOu remember the descrip
tion that laughing Soloman of our day
and land gives of milking a kickll4 cow:
'Stand off about twenty feet and holler
so !blast you I' (Applause and laughter.)
It is not an infrequent thing to find a
man of exalted piety who wants the po•
litical world to go just right. ,He wants
everylg s y to have all his rights and
privil and immunities guaranteed
and mimed to him, but he considers
himself as having performed his duty
when he stands off and says: 'So, blast
you Somebody else is not doing right;
somebody else is neglecting what ought
to be done. Fellow citizens, this is an
excellent ezikimisb for certain powers o
the body and mind. My christian
friends, it. is a' good way to advertise
yaw' Xellgion when it begins to run low, ,
but'.wben you come torn up the re-.
salts achieved 'for otherd they are not
'Well; what will pm have no do? Do
you mlan to say,' comes the inquiti,
'that it is my duty to leave my farm and
My store. and my oxen, and my newly
married wife, and go out and take part
in every: political campaign ?"Well,
that depends entirely upon bow much
you have at stake. The Lord by his
providence . has laid this duty.on; you,
and' the question is whether you can
afford to shirk it, that ball. The quell-
Hon is whether you can afford to have
he ills of fifty millions of people laid at
your door, or .the sufferings and sins of
heir children and their children's ohil-
dren heaped upon your soul in the day
of Judgment. , If you can, star at home
and scold politicians and shun politics.
' The problem of self-goveroment; as I
halo' before intimated, is a new one. It
came to our American people along with
a new continent that was rich and boun
tiful and free,—a continent that
for the touch of the hoe; and gave for
the rippling of its soil golden measures
at harvest time. It camel° us-hi con
nection with a new life—the life of a
man living for himself end through him
self without the dictation or control ol
any other, Saud with it came also this
correlated, duty to our fellows, requiring
every man to do his part as a 00-ordinate
king in the government of this fair•land
This duty has been neglected, ead& neg
ected. Ido not blame the fathers, be
cause it is useless to do so; I do no
blame the present, because it began bet-
ore we were; but I do blame that min
of today, who, seeing the evils that
have resulted from neglect, simply
stands up and scolds about them instead
of taking off his coat and working to
cure them. (Applause.) But' you say,
vote.' 'Oh! yes, you throw a paper
wad at what yon do not like, and thilik
that by so doing yon are performing
your whole duty? No, you do not—not
one of • you think 67. The man. who
buttons the cloak of his own righteous
ness so close about him that he feels
that it would be an infringement of his
dignity if he, should step to his neigh
bor whom - he believes is thinking
wrongly, and is consequently prone to
rule wrongly, and try and persuade
him to do right toward himself and his
felbwe and - the future; or that man-who
stands au' high on the pinnacle of his
own purity that he can not afford to do
anything to enoonrage - another in polit
ical welldoing, that man is not doing
his political duty, and he knows it :,
"but what stall I do?" lam not here
to tell you; but I do know that Prot
estant Christianity from the very birth
of this country has !heed the power be
hind year myriad-headed king. If you
will look through the statistics of each
ceucus:decade you will:find that the in
telligence, the wealth, the intellect, the
power; the heart, the brain of our na
tion, its vastpotential majority is Prot
estant Christianity. [Applause.] Its
spirit came from the same source as oar
free institutions; and through the same
channel. Wherever the spirit 'of the
one is found the other has gone before,
or comes hand in hand with it, so that
I do know that if the Christians of this
land have done their duty to the coup
try, and to each other, there has been
no misgovernment Oh! but you say:
"There has been misgovernment, for
we have smarted forit.". Of course you
have, and ought to smart for your own
neglect. It is simply the immutable
law of God' that you should. Whoever
has tbe duty laid upon him to cure an
evil and Ws, L must suffer for it. I
never see 'a monumental :display of
stupidity that is made , in one of our
great cities, with'out rejoicing in it I
like to see a man smart when he smarts
for his own fault, if it does not touch
his life. It is like a blister—it Shows
life—at least you can not raise a blister
on a corpse.' never see the grand
reservoir that they have in that 'city
without being 'glad. It is beautifully
sloped and sodded, of splendid mason
ry, exquisite and perfect, though yet
unfinished, costing I do not know how
many millions—if there is a Philadel
phian here be can tell yon—a magrtift
cent reservoir except that it will not
hold water. Ia every other respect it
is a magnificent work. And v(hose
fault is it that there ilthis one defect?
It is the fault of that brain and culture
that we call Christianity, that sat still
year after year and let the, dregs of
society do the work which God's provi
deucekad imposed' on them. • It is the
fault of men who tried to put substitutes
in the political army, ' and, of 'course,
got bounty-jumpers iysteadl, Ab, but
tou ask me, what can be doue? I, was
alking with w friend from New, York
abput it the other day, and- be said:
'My dear sir you are crazy.' .Said I,
'You may call me a fool, but you
not.call me crazy.t [Laughter.] 'Why,'
said he, 'what would you do if you
were in the city of New York?' Said I:
'lf I had Moral pluck, if I had even a
substantial gizzard, I would walk up
and try to do my Auty."Well,' said
he,•!what could you do? You are a
Republican. There are fifty '_thousand
Republicans ia the city of NOW York,
and yet,' (he says, ,and ho itket man who
knows these things,_ that) about sixty
fir hundred Republicans organized
lute) so-called Republican associations
there, a sort of political Masouhi oigaui
iations, which vote men in and out at
Will, 'these siity-five hundred hold and
exercise, in the party organization, the
power of the whole fifty thousand.'
'Well,' said 1,. 'you live in New York?'
'Oh, yes; I stiffer from this.' Said
'Don't you think you ought to suffer ?
Are you willing to admit that any one
of these men is a better man than you ?'
'Oh, no.' Is any one of the remaining
forty odd thousand willing to admit that
those are better-men than they—strong
er, braver, wiser ?"oh, no.' 'Yet you
allow them to lead you by the nose be
cause you 'dare not do your duty.' [Ap
• It is not !bosses,' my friend, it is not
'election machines.' it is not 'rings' that
are to be blamed for misgoverument or
to be feared as the cause of future evil.
It is you and me, and all of its who
-bear the brand of personal neglect
upon our foreheads. : [Applause.]
There is at this present time -a vast deal
of surplus Carlyleism floating 'around
this world—and by the way, let me .tell
you a story about Cailyle. About the
time he died, an_ apparently ignorant
man, a day laborer, was talking with
me about him, • and said, 'Carlyle - is
gone, then? What do you think they
will do with • bin' in the next world?'
'Why,' said I, 'I .dont kaaw; what
makes you. inquire?' 'Sure, the ,Lord
will have to find somebody for bun to
scold, or he wont be easy a, minute.'
Laughter.] I say there is a vast amount
of loose Ctirlyleiam floating around the
world at this time in reference to soli-
tics, parties, and the like. We are told
that we mast go back to the good old
imes when a man was eluted because
of his porsonal qualities, and not; be
cause he belonged to any party; that we
must kill. break, smash the election
machines. . Smash just as many as- you
choose, my . Monde, but do the. smash-
ing your - selves. Deal put a substitute,
nor hire a boy. [Applause and Lattgh:
ter.] If our country has attained any
eminence at all among the nations of
the earth, it is because of our political
idea which we call a party—l do not
care what party=but it is that fact
which bands the people together in the
support of one great idea, to the presett
abeyance of all other ideas. A great
man who has now passed away, when I
stood up before him, having just heard
that the bill in regard to reconstruction,
which I believed would bring peril and
evil to the land, bad become, so far as
the party was concerned, a law, and
said: 'Mr. Stevens, I will not endare
it, I will go home," I will throw the
weight of my influence, I will throw
the power of my journal against it, and
I; will defeat it in my State,' said to me:
'Young man, you do it- at your peril.
Remember sir, that ft party in a repub
lic is simply a ratchet-wheel that per
mits and i regulates = plogress. Now it
pushes us ahead; and then it keeps, us
from going too far.' And be was right.
A party is merely the universal form of
common thought, an idea in the minds
of a great portion of our people. A
man springs up whose very name comes
to represent that thought, like that
the rugged rail-splitter of the Sanga
mon. [Appliinse. J That is a party, and
he is a party leader. He is not the
bead of the party. Its head is in
your hearts; yon • are its - head,
and he is only its obedient arm.
Parties si rout from - 4deas: They are
not created by great men. A friend told
me this morning as I was• coming here,
that the revered President Woolsey, of
Yale College, was out in a pper.laying
the basis of a ew party. He might just
as well try to fly a lute in the Cave of
he Winds. Parties do not start at the
top of Ole bill, they come up from the
bottom; and, as I told my friend, three
negroes with linsey-woolsey shirts, put
ting their heads together in a cotton'
field, are more likely to start a party
than a thousand such men as President
Woolsey. It was Peter the Hermit who
started the Crusades that swept over the
world, and for five hundred years ruled
its very thought. For five centuries men
were born for nothing else on earth, it
would seem, but to feed the jackaise
Palestine. _There could not have beef
a more contemptible source for s great
idea than the beggar monk whom we
call Peter. the Hermit. Parties must
come up from below like a volcanic
eruption, because yon are the governing
power, end you must be moved from
But we'are told that the questions still
remain unanswered—'What shall be
done? How shall it be done ?' di)
not propose to answer thoseiquestions
for you. For fifty years and more. this
Country'S heart and brain asked the
question, 'How shall slavery be abolish
ed ?' One said it could not be done in
this way; another said it could not be in
that way, and the rest said it should not
be 'at all. The Church, in the main,
stood, up stoutly in favor of doing noth
ing. The Christian heart of the coun
try cried out against the evil, but the
great query was, 'How shall it be
cured ?' We did not know; we could
not tell; we even fought two years
against _ a government builded upon
slavery, and carefully 'refrained from
touching it. I remember that as late as
September, 1862, I was myself put un
der arrest in the army of the United
States; for refusing to surrender a col
ored man, who had saved my company.
[Applause.] We were •• told _ that it
could not, must not, and should not be
done. But when we got' .squarely to
the edge of the last- ditch, and found
that' there was no bridge across, with
God's help we built one. .. [Applause.]
When the Christian heart of to-day feels
that it must do its whole "political duty,
when it realizes that the , crowning.bless
ing which God's grace has put upon our
heads is the invisible crown of co-equal
kingship, then we will find a way to our
duty.We shall not do it by seeking to
avoid it,nor by telling to our sons and
our fellows that a Christian is some=
thing too good to engage in the task .of
government. ' We - shall not do it by
shutting out of consideration at any
proper time, any. of the great questisns
affecting the good government of the
nation. 11. sometimes believe that I
sympathize right smartly with that old
prophet in the Scripture, who could not
find•forcible words enough to curse his
people, when I look upon this wonderful
land and still more marvelous people of
the' North; when Lthink that they have
shut their eyes, turd sealed their bearta,
in a great measure. to the performance
of duty; when I see them following a
dollar as if it was bigger than a cart
wheel; when I see them anxious merely,
it would seem, to coin every golden day
into a golden dollar, or some decimal
fraction thereof. Even ea I .speak
you there goes through the country the
declaration of one of our great periodi
cals, that the American people have
reached that stage of growth when they
can not attend to the work of govern
ment themselves; that they have
reached that period of development
when, the cares of business, and of life
are so great that some way must be
devised to &Twat the Devil and keep him
11.00 a Year, la Advance.
out of our politiCal Eden without our
standing guard on the walls and at - the
gate. .Itpr.n not - be done. If we are,
not to govern ourselves, we an never
Tuck out a man to govern for us. There
is no patent right for relf-government,
except the right of every man to .pnah
in and take hold, like a poor
_Man at a
frolic, wherever he gets a chance. If a
Man believes he is right, let him cause
his influence to be felt. Let "it be
known.- Let bim'stan t d for it -with his
fellows, and let him never bold his
peace while he has need -to speak. There
have been many times in the history . of
this country, and in the history of dif
ferent states When, it the Chiistian pub-
lie of those states bad followed the dio-
tates of - their own consciences. and .had
used their 'affiance. their brain .and
their power, the evils of which we now
complain windd never have been heard
of never have beed dreamed of. So,
while I do not propose to point out - to
any (Me of you a specific line of con- _
duct, Ido mean to say that any man '
who leaves a KAitical question to be
decided in the country, in his state, 'in
his county, in his township, in his
school district, withmit his help, that
man has failed to do his dt(ty. I do
not mean by his help just a dead lubbei-
lift of a vote, I mean that he 'should
be awake, and give so much time as he
reasonably may, to make the power of
his brain and conclusion felt. [Ap
plause.] When that is done, :" we will
not be troubled with "rings" 'or "boss
es." I-do not speak from any spmpa
thy for "ring" or a "4osa" either,
and I have not a particle of sympathy
for a fallen "boss," [Applause and -
laughter.] I believe that a man who
can not ride, had better not -get into
the saddla; and-I have the most uncon
querablihatred for rising "boss."
The man who does or would- umight
eously sway the power of any land .or
nation, that man is my enemy. I can
not help it. It is not my fault, either.
it is what I got from you and your an
cestors. It is what I drew. in with my
mother's milk, and what I must - display.
whether I would or not. [APplaup.]
Now, my friends, lam afraid I have
detained yon longer than the courtesy -
of the occasion would justify. I only
desire to say one thing more to yon as
voters—and I do not 'mean to exclude
from the consideration of these guess:
tiona those who may hereafter be voters,
nor' those whose influence so often con-.
trolls votes. We may well, we ,of the
North, take a -lesson in this 'matter'
from our friends of the &nth. Ido
not say -that they govern better than we
—you all know that I do not believe
that—but they beat us in goierning.
For three-quarters...l a century, being
then greatly in the minority, as they
are to-day, they ruled with a rod of iron
and we deserved to be ruled, too: They
did it becaude every man, woman ilind •
child of them has time to attend to
politics. You can not run amiss on that
line. Yon may strike a car on any
Southern railroad, and if there are five
men in it, you will hear more politics
in half an hour than you can start in
going from Boston to Ban Francisco.
They mean business, that is all. IC -is
apart of the business, and la that they
Ws their Christian duty. They count
for more thin you do, because. they
work harder than you do. •They count
for more; man for man, because they
give more brain to it, man for man.
Yon might well learn a lesson at their
hands. lam the last man to say that
the South is not entitled to thd power
that she wields, because she bas attained
it by a virtual usurpation. So far as -
the nation is concerned (I mean leaving
out of consideration the wrong done- to
disfranchised individuals , and classes)
she has stepped upon the - platform of
self-government, and declared that she
bad right to do her level best in moulding
the present and the future of onr nation, -
and she has done it.. If she hie - not
moulded it to snit you'', it is your fault:
[Applause.] There is no getting, around
that, and she will continue to do it.
Twenty-fonr per dent of her white.
voters can not read. She - stands with
a compacted. power composed of a
majority of her intelligence, leading -or
mieleadOig„as the case may be, this
mass of igndiance and-compelling it to
add strength to het. And sue has a -
right to do so. She has a right to mould
her own national destiny as far as she
can, do it . fairly. She stands today
bodily defying our national idea, and
facing with dogged stubbornness the
tide of American thought. She has a
right to use the weapon which we have
put in her hands, so long as she uses it
fairly; to sustain -her own ideas, no
matter who is hurt thereby. If our
heads are bruised, it is our own fault
because we neglect onr duty and squan
der onr polder. The South has a. per
.fect legal right to - use the ballotorial
power of h t er ignorant masses to uphold
her suprethacy and advance the -ideas
Which underlie her . civilization. Yon
must not blame her for that. That
forty-five per cent. of ignorant voters
'in sixteen states, is already a . tremend
ously potent factor in our own national
destiny: A vote cast or surpresed in
Florida affects your interests or impairs
your right of co-ordinate contioll of
government just as much as if Mel act
were done in your own precinct. That
mass of ignorance is fast becoming
very plummet of fate, on whose vibra
tions your destiny and mine must de
pend. As the South relies upon igno
ranee in this struggle, so must you de
pend upon light.- What shall come out
of the darkness, in a problem for the
North to-day as well as the-South.
- It is of far more importanoe than ad*
other political idea of the pedant.
Yoh must enlighten this mass of igno
rance or be destroyed by it. The
struggle can not be put off any kluge.
You must decide which shall prevail
upon this continent--self government,
the unbiassed will of intelligent millions
or the power of ignorant majorities
wielded by a few, Not onl3 this, but
you must meet in every one of our
voting precincts to-day the question
how the party to which you may belong
(conciarnzo Ox rovirrn