Newspaper Page Text
t in t lralcalp ebortbtr.
IN ttmix.itztvg.ro's SLOCE,EITAiIES,)
'' ".:: W. CoENER STATE ST. NED FAUX.. •
„•,.pi.-, paid sT 4 iiit i Tt.t . in advance' n OO
- ' 2 ”' lin advance 2 0 0 0
•• l..'; o.,ribers,rten•JAl by carries, Fifty Ceuta
"i.ttinnal, .- ,
r „,, ,10. to 1 he sante-person 4 00
+ "-' c .`,s l ,teg geut to bno utlareSS, ...... ......,. ..... .10 00
,:‘,,e,1,-4,- . ....................... ~. ...... ...... al 00
v o n t, rate,.. apply only to those who pay In
,} , •in c ' ' A DVFIITISING it.itTF24.
i aa m l - t ; c a h
oueo rgerdtasd vaoe.n r tllinnc n
r g e
i c r akctooenn/4a,
n wg i h e t r ihc ed he
101'ti oad An ythingless , tlatran h inch Is h rated
,P , rt ..
sq 4 kiel
, 2.25' 215 5.00'7 00 1
' " 2.50 '12'31 4.00 1 roo t 2: 1
2.911; 11.20; 4. , 5.00, 8.50,L5.00
‘.0,4;:s 4.50 8.0010.00'.16.00
1..10 1.00, 8.51;16.0025.00
fj',;,,.nlAllllis. SM0,11)10 r2.062).1033.00
hs,.• F,lll 2.00 10.003/60 aoso.ooLouisos, oo
.I'2. '20.00 00.0035.0000
aria Administrators' Notices la
f. , tc At i dit „ rb • and ,E.stroy Notices V. each,.
: , ;01 Ices, set in Leaded Nenpariel. anot
0 1 be f o re Marriages and Deaths. tt.s
to regular rates; D o elficolf ees
, i"•,' be d.tiy the part 1e5.15 centsper lirte of tF o ighl.
' `lira insertion, 1.2 per line for sec.
. 0 01 ton cents for each , subsequent fuser
:Y.littirtal Notices 2.3 cents per line; Mar.
; 01 e „ o ts; „Deaths cents each. Adver. ,
mcrt; l every other week, Two-thirds
per,,ne: in ements
th e period handin
the g y
wish tuivert the is m pub.
t h e y wilt be continued until
ou t, ot the expense of the advertisers.
' o ,ocniest tons should he addressed to
BENJ'N 3WHITMAN, •
Editor and Proprietor-
NI, - Ito LEsA. LT GROCERS.
crzess ,t Walker, 2.5 and at. N. Park.
Fr h ench St,
O.`l" V .
1.1. 0., I. tour st.
iors AND SHOES.
1.11. Clark, 11 Park goy.
• .t Cn., 1.1 North Park.
Zara, 21 Slate '.tree(.
ri land(s‘ker, 1111 Peach st.
51'1..2 51 1,t, Son. 12,1; L.
I,•ch , 1, 1117 Parade st.
go , ' , .•ear! , J. Moor lead, North Park.
.k.ND ;NEWS AGENTS,
J. , St:ire street.
Putt p, ,ch sL
v,„ niot r.„ 722 stat,
vi.orrt s FEED.
It;il.ver..tick , Park Ilow.
& Pro., 7l French at.
Wm. Willing, 5. 1 S State •1.
SEWING M.tylllNl: AGENCIES,
• , c.co, , Machine, 81.7 State at.
tl'a.ll. Glenn", 12 Park Row.
w.vri .nrs & Ew FiAtY.
29 North Park.
Mate at. opp. Brown's Hotel
c , East seventh st.
,L t . Parkinson, No. 1:1 North Park Row.
li.tTS AND CAPS.
H 11.1 Frenen at.
\L ,„ . „„, , N o Si North Park. Row.
I.!irfiS .k ND MEDICINES.
1:1 tate st.
t 2! North Park.
it, 11, 1417 Peach st., just above Depot
Nrk •••orns, 71r2 State street.. •
50n.711 State street.
antellill a Co., :1 Noble Mock.
TIPS GOODS AND CARPETS
Walser :1105.; State at.
F . A. '414 state street. •
& 1::21 I'each st.
J. l i exford !tit
Berkman. Sit State st.
Corner nth, and state st„
'24 East Fifth st.
NI Stair St.
is ini , n .Ciro., 603 French ht.
& tl2. Stite
Setter, ear. Paravle & Buffalo st,;,
t r. : o ru Cii,?4,..1210,5tat0
7;r-di &Mr I, hrht.,:i2l. French st.
I, of 4th & Myrtle st.
‘I & Spin. 1027 Par tde st.
A. i; 111.1 Parade at.
V Seliiiltr.,Si,!litiltz's \.•n Block, Federal Hill
F; in' lirou n, PrSi Peach ht.
Ili nu Nrutiatier;Friieh et. the Park.
14 :a. J. ~11.1, : 47 Co., corner Mate and 3d stx
rums Genthelmer ,t; SOll, ta2 State at.
F Wagner, ts 3; State st.
t 10 North Park..
Itha M. Jwct lee, I State St.
Co„, sa't State st...
11.senzweig, : 511 state
I: It. W. I,litartn. r e . t eh S t.
ek. 7111 State St.
)1. - W.!4t 111:517 Frenell +t~'
11. Y. Stemer. 901 State st.
I;..•'rS State' st. lcdween 1 . 201 4: Depot
J 2 iy.,a A Wilder, Waterford.
STOVES AND TINWARE.
trubbar.r nr,)4.,751 State
IL,rr.J.diiison 101S' and 10'N State st.
Ptta 'last:llNT, 102 Parade st.
P.ner.•nne & .11 ery. 747 French st.
Ti: .du, Shirk & Wliffehead, 12th k.Sassafras.
M. M*er & Son, 1215 State
Frlt:cut - ter. W.VITEIIOOMS
1.11 Ftlhlet & State st.
mark Franz, 1172 State Isl.
W. Ay,T,-, 715 State st.
MILLINERX & STRAW. (10 P: 4 .
k M. P,l.tke, Sont h Park.
tilllntore, 7' 1 4 State st.
BRASS FOPS I/111Es:
Jartrki.t. Metz, 11:1t State
H..l.treMtl.t. Co., S) E.tst Mit .t r.s.t.
)!Arill:cisrs, FoUNDERS AND ItuILER
Fr;.. my iron Works, cor. 17th and St ate sts.
PLANING MILLS. '
P, Cr 0,11.; *at. car. it and Peach hts.
limb 80w.i., 1211 PLaell St.
COFFEE t SPICE MILLS.
W. I:FP:14.11.1211 st.
1 ITING SALOON.
fl.toons, 611 Ft ench St.
no>: FENCE WORKS.
n r, 1212 State 14.
wool) TUrtNING SHOP
P. J. Roth, . 4 t3.1 , . at.-
COAL PEALE RS,
4 Cb , :nan 1 Co., cor. 12th 6. Peach 81s.
Eurt on 8r0.,. & Co., (Whole'sale) 14 Pork Row
E W. Itc-ed & Co., cor, Gth J.: Myrtle sts.
PLLTM RING WORKS. •
U. L. lichhard, (Licensed) cor.State ith sts
E. M co:e & Son, Keystone Bank Block.
E Pet on Son, first door he' Custom House
E i nh tot, Ninth frit. bet. State C Peach sts.
CUTLERY S STE kli GRINDING
1•156 Turhpike st.
AI:C . IIONA CO3I3IISSION :MERCHANTS
Fr.rll; Sr. CO.. 824 Stnte st.
ti W. Ellwy, American Block Park Row, .
•,t Law, Pellet/ street, above futon
Erj, , Pa.
GEORGE.: U. CUTLER,
al (Au., Girard, Erie County, Pa.
••• , 11 , b. and other business attended to with
P.. M. COLE ,I*. SON',
is a: l lrrlor.andifan It F3(xlk . I'danufacturen,
r •.st":l.. National Hank. • jyll'o-tf.
1)R. 0. ELLIOTT
state Street,OPPII.I. Brown's
1, Pa. Ol flee hours from
4 A ,
.. .M. to
12 M. and !lola 1 to 5 P. M. b•-tf.
114 tail Deaier. In Anthracite,
anti iihiek,nittn Coal. Office corner
amt 12ta street.., Erie, I'a.
[svai-lf.) 2. J. N.ILTS.3I.t.N.
W. E. 'MAGILL,
ofth. in Itosenzweig'm Block, nbrth
::ea: thy Part: Frio. Pa.
fuel:to and 1 marnisslon :kfercliants, and Real
Ag,atN, i•zi2 state street (corner Ninth,)
Advances tnaile on consignments.
iountry Veriuf.% attended to in any part of
coattle. _ -
FR Mt' WINTIIELL.
W.M. MARKS. •
T 'lNr and. clothes Cleaner, Union Block.
hr. 1 1, inett's office. Clothes made, clean•
and repaired on short notice. Terms as rea
totabk a.s ai)y.
EAGLE HOTEL, • .
r :FPO , Ite Union De t, Erle, Pa.. Jas„ Camp
proprietor. house open at all hours. • The,
Lar 114,11,0,1 e always supplied with the choicest
!sat the unrkets afford. feb3sl3S-Iy.
ki KO. C. BENNETT, M. 1).. .
1 %. ,, :,..ta ri arid Sart ; ,•nn. Office. East Park St.,
l iaNertlek's flour Store,—hoarda at the res
'' ar- , ! or Win. P. 011 son, West Sixth street, 241
-w trout Sascafras. . 0111 re hours from 11 a. m.
1...__1,111 2 p. in. Jatil.67.tf
J• it,,ti - -
• ni.Lrocs, A. nrcrisrOlvD,
Pa, • Meadville, Pa.
IrALLocx & RlefllloND,
at LLW and Solicitors of Patents,
=, Non t, Park Place, Erie,Pa. Pemns de
?,,t.l 6t,tin Letters Patent, for theirinven
,m es w.ll pb-.roc call or address as above. Fees
Territory sold for patentees. Spe
atieuttrm given to collections, , zny7-Iy._
F. W. KOEHLER.
ni the Peace, Peach street, six doors
socti l or Buffalo streel, South Erie.
s. SPENCER. SELDEN
`JTricer R 51arvin, Attorney's and Counsellors
'W. Ince Paragon ',Hoek, near North West
m ot the Public Square, Erle, Pa. •
H. V. CLAUS, ,-,
„_lh•iiii, tia Stonends of Minn v Groceries end
' '''''''' t "ii , , Ware, Sic., an t ic wholesale deal
er at W ines,lilquors, Cigars, Tobacco, ito., No. al
lan Pllth street , ' Erie it. jede7-tf.
E. S. FRASER, M. D.,
iil'id.'"itlrToftezilcde6Posapv.slician and Surgeon. Office
oPPoNite the Park
/1°.?:1104. hour s 12 a. m., otos p.
to 5 p. ny
Engineer and Surveyor, Residence cor
uer Sixth street and :ast Avenue, East 1.4 - le,
Corner Yeaca and Buffalo sts. John Eagle,
proprietor. Best or accoromodatiorus for people
men the eoantry. Good stable attached•
THE ERIE OBSERVER
J. E. ASHBY & CO.,
Blank Book Manufacturers.
Magazines, :Sfusie Rooks, bound in anj
style desired, and In the neatest and
best •mannor. -
ill kinds of Rail Road, Commercial,
13Ia nk hooks.
IfIANN'S COPYING• BOOKS,
And Paper of all 0ir.0.4 on hnnd or made
RULING OF ANY . PArtilbiliir, P4TTERN
Done with heatilfBA and dispatch.
IL.: INv -ILA2I)]PIE
OF A.LL.I:IIsIDA ON HAND
its bra skehes. (loue.to order
with ne.,takess and dispatch
—r, Wrhait, s Block, Erie, P.t
I . l (holesale and Retail
304 State - Street, Erie, Pa.
Illadrrnecht's Old Stand.
IHAVE ON HAND ft splandhl stock_ of Gm
ceries, consisting of
• • '
TEAS, COFFEES, "SUGARS,
. Wooden dc Willow Ware,
PORK, FLOUR 'AND PROVISIONS
Of nil kinds,
SHIP CHANDLERY, de..
\IukMMMg the most complete assortme i nt of goods
kept by any Grocer In the place.
I am also agent for
RA7iNEPti CELEBRATED AKRON
Clover RIO .Tiniothy Seed.
Wholesale and Retail
GROCERY AND PROTiSION STORE,
WINES AND, IAQUORS„. •
Sneev,,or WV. et M. SeWatt ) decker, is na' re
celving a splendid assortment of
GROCERIES, PROVISIONS, WINES,
Liquors. Willow, Wooden and Stone Ware
Fruits, Nuts, Sc. A large stock of
T Ckl3 ACC AND. I' CIGA.IIS,I
Call and see us, at the
American Block, State St., Erie, Pa.
1'11)11V-tr. • F. SCULAUDECKER.
Wttole.ale and Retail Grocery Store.
P. A. BECKER & CO.,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL GROCERS',
North-Fast Corner Park and French St.,
(cir EA kInE,)
Would res}a.ctfully call the attention of the com
munity to their large stock of
Groceries and Erovisions,
W hich they are desinias to sell at
THE VERY LOWEST POSSIBLE PnlcEs4 r
Their assortment of
Sugars, CoffeeS, Teas, Syrups,
TOBACCOS, FISH, &C.,
Is not surpassed in the city, as they are prepared
to Prove to all who give them a ealL4
They also keep on hand a superior lot of
PURE LIQUORS, -
for the wholesale trade, to which they direct
the attention of the publics
Theirmotto is, •'Quid: sales, small smallprotiteand
a full equivalent for themoney." • apirt;&-tf.
Authorized Capital $4500.0.00.
CAPITAL PAID .IN Wl,OOO.
THE SECOND NATIONAL DANK
- Opened for business on
MONDAY, DECEMBER I2TH, ISed,
In the banking once previously occupied by the
Merchant's Bunt" Brown's Building, north-east
corner of State street and public P4rti.
WM. L. SCOTT, Prest. WII. C. CURRY, Cash.
NV NI. L. SCOTT, or arra of J. Hearn d: Opal
Jos. ]!'CARTER, of firtn of Belden, Bliss &
McCarter, Builders. .*
G CO. J. MORTON, Coal Dealer.
, W. S. BROWN, Agent Buffalo St Erie B. R.
JOHN C. BURGEsS, of firm Clemert,Caugh
ey Burgess, Whblesale Grocers.
0. E. CROUCH, of firm of Crouch & Pro., Flour
AL R. BARR, of firm of Barr; Johnson & Sea
man, Stove Jfanufacturers.
F. F. FARRAR., of firm of Gray & Farrar,
J. DREISIGAKER, Grocer. dc7"6l.
New Store, Walther's Block.
110. SOS STATE, wrltzpr. i
Tee snoserioer would call the attention of the
public to his splendid stock of
Spring and Summer Dry Goods,
Just received and offered at
UNPRECEDETLY LOW PILICESI
I have a largo assortment of .
Domestics, Prints., press Goods, &c.,
bought at low prices p nd consequently can sell
them very low. tali and examine my stock.
Goods shown Nrltlry,leasure.
J. F. WALTUER,
my7-tf. KZ State St.
IBOYIER BSc FILTESS,
Wholesale ana Retail Dealers In all kinds of
SHELF AND HEAVY
VIIERICAN & FOREIGN
Anvils, Bellcrws, Nails, Spikes,
Leather and Rubberßelting,
Machine Packing, Cutlery,
AlSo, a general assortment of Iron, Steel
and Carriage Hardware.
+Store at the old stand of 111 r. J. V. BOYER•
east side of State street a few doors north ot
the Depot. bOYER & P'UEBS•
I. E. ASHBY ct.CO,
ERIE CITY WI WORKS;
The . . Bradley Enginel
NNew Compouud or
DOuble Cylinder Engine,
ut;v.s.; TUE 'rWTCE.
And is Warranted to give
FIFTY TO ONE •HUNDRED FEE. LENT.
1 • . .
More power than a Single C.% Under Engine
using the came amount of steam.
STEAM ENGINES AND ItaILEAS I
OF AZ L STYCES.
OIL STILLS AND TAIFIES
Of all Drg:Frlptiona
.1 el ' If.
ill MIMI:TA x CO., '
AUCTION . & C:;MMISSION
;NO. 824. State Street. _
Household Furnituie and all kinds Of Goods,
Wares and Merchandise, bought and sold and
'received on consignment.
Salts at private residence - a - attended to In any
part of the city. _ '
Sale of Household Furniture, 4 " els, Queens
ware, Horses, WagOng, and all lias of goods on
WEDKESDAYS AND SATURDAYS,'
AT 93" Y o'cLocx; A. M. .
large consignment of Queensware, Glass
ware, Bohemian audghirm:Va.ses now on hand,
will be closed Oat regardless of cost at private
air Vendues attended to in any part of-the
county. ap9-tf.. •
Tollworthy & Love,
NO. 1390 MACH ST.,
Have adopted ri new sy m of doing busi
ness, raid would respectfully call the attention
of their - customers to the tact that they are now
selling goods for
CASH, Ott ItEADY TAY
We believe that we ean do our customers jus
tice by so'dolng and would ask them to call and
see our splendid stock orgrocerles,eonaLstin of
t'offeef4, • ' • . ..• •
, . •
Comprising (s er,....thinq Inn well ,kept gree..qjr
btore. We also have the hoeal quality ‘,r
ERIE COUNTY , -
Also FEED in uniyintAl 44mq/titles. - Give us
TOLLWORTHY & LOVE;
IVO reach St., ()pp m'te National l intel.
_ _ _
1 CD 747 A_ .1.41
East Eleventh' Rtrcet, between German awl
IVIIOLMALE AND DETAIL tI:A I.Lit IN
Clover and Timothy Seed,
_VI.C/CT 13, FEED,
Al* D •
Having built on his own premises alarge and
commodious store he is prepared' to thimisli
everything in his life at lower rates than can
be found in the city.
Country purchasers especially 3.1 1 1 1 nnd h to
their advantage to ;gee him a cull. '
mra if. C. SiEGEL.'
1 Canghey, fficerear7 ac .Moorhead,
d i ULAN'S. BOOKS,
of every desextption, _
BOOKS, ENVELOPES AND PAPER,
1 4 :..,... 4 31
Than any house in this cliy. Also,
At Wholesale, as cheap as anyjobblng house In
SIB LI S
The Depository of the Bible Society. at
VAUGHEY. M'CREARY do 1110011 HEAD'S.
13A NK NOTICE.
Keystone National Bank,.
Sold an Marvin, Sohn W. Hall, Elihn Marvin,
Beater Town, 0. Noble.
OPI,ANGE NOBLE, Prest. JNO. J. TOWN, Cash.
The * above bank. is now dhing business In its
CORNER OF STATE 'AND EIGHTH STS.
Satisfactory paper discounted. Money re
ceived on depcmit. Collections made and pro.
ceeds accounted for with promptness. Drafts,
Specie and Bank Notes bought and sold,
share of public patronage solicited.
There Is no use sending to New York
FOB YOUlt 'TEAS!
1 . 210 use going to the refineries tabor.
REFINED . OIL ! ,
No use' oing to soap facto:leo to buy
No use to pay big prices for any of your
GrOceries and Provtsiona!
While there is a - -
LIVE CASH STORE,
.> on the, corner of
:Sth and "State straets.
Try tho Cash Store. , _
caplB-tf. I I
L. F. STEM,
HAVING bought the Eagle Hotel, in
ford, would inform the public that he hna
'thoroughly refitted the same, and is now read'
1 to accommodate all in' the beet of style. His
- table is .bonntlfully supplied, and the bar is
1 atoalted with the choicest of liquors. nott3li-tf.
t: 138 PRINTING , of everir kind. in large or
, t 7 aanutll quantities, plain or colored, done in
; the heat style, sad at moderate prim. at the
ERIE, PA!. THURSDAY AFTERNOON, 14Air.20, 1869
HOOFLANWS 43EI1MAN BITTRAS,
ljeofland's German Tonle,
The great Ilemotilesidi enrols,.lowl . of the Liver,
Stomach or Digestive Organs.- ,
1100PLXND . 'S GERMAN BITTERS
Is composed of the pure Juices (or, as they Are
liiallYtennefcEltfru o f
Roots, :tardk, it prepara
hi g hly concen - Crated and e ntirely
free from alcoholic ' • admlxtura or any
HooilamPa German Tonic
Is a combination of all the ingredients of the
Bitters; with the purest quality, of Santa Cruz
•Rum, Orange, etc., making one of the most
pleasant and agreeable remedies ever offered to
the public. • -
Those preferring a • Ifedicine, free from Alco
holic admixture, will use
.1100FLAI3D'S GEM LAN BITTERS.
Those whO have - no objet fon to 'the conablazi
tiomot tie Bitters;.a,s stated. will use
11,00F1,414D'8!,9:ER114.11 , TONIC
They are botlf equallY good, and Fontain the
same medicinal virtues, the choice between the
two being a mere matter of taste, the Tonletet
Inc the most palatable. -; :
The stomach, from a variety of musket, atich,
as Indigestion, Dys- .pep9ln Nervous De
Witty, etc., is very /A apt to hal? Mac--
lions deranged. The ‘,J Llver,sym thizing
as closely as it does . with the Stomach,
then becomes affected, the result of which hi
that the patient suffers from several hr more of
onstipation, Flatulence, Inward Piles, Fell•
ness of Blood to the Head, Acidity of the Stom
;tell, Nausea, Heartburn, lbsgust for Food,Full-
Hess or Weight In the Stomach. Sour nmeta
thins, Sinking or Fluttering at the Pit of the
Stomach, Swimming tile Head, Hurrieil or
Difficult Breathing, Fluttering at the Heart,
Choking or 'Suffocating Sensations when in a
lying posture,-Dimness of Vision. Dots or Webs
before the Sight, Dull Pain in the Head, Detl •
clency of Perspiration, Yellowness of the Skin
and Eyes, Pain in the Side, Back. Chest, Lambs,
etc., Sudden Flushes of Heat, Burning of We
Flesh, Constant Imaginings of Evil and Great
Depression of Spirits.
The sufferer from these diseases should exer,'
else the greatest caution in the selection of a
reroedy for his case,' purchasing on 1 y
tlibt which he is as-n' curedfrom his in
vestigations and in- 10 , qtii r le eskpossesses
true merit, Is skill- fully compounded is
tree from iniurions ingredients and has estab
lished for itself a reputation for the cure 61
these diseases. In this connection we would
submit these well-known remedies—
II40 , 01 1 1..A_N• 130'..
Twenty-tWo years sineelhey were first intro
duced into this country from Germany, during'
which time s they have undoubtedly performed
more cure, and bencdtted suffering humanity
to .a ambler extent, than any other remedies
known to the public.'_ •
,Theae retaedles effectualticuretiVer Cona
nt mint, Tacmdico, • Dyspepsia, Chronic
or Nervous Debility, 1 -1 , Chronita Diarrhcea,
Diseases of the Kid- 1: neys andel' diseas
orde r ed Lfver,
es arlvinz, from n dim-,
-Stomach, or rotes - tines. . .
tebultlng from any cause whateVer Prostra
tion of the System, Induced by Severe. .
Latx:ir, Hardships : Exposure,
• Fevers, •
There is no medicine extant equal to these
remedies.in such cases: A tone and vigor Is Im
parted to the whole system, the appetite Is
strengthened, food Is enjoyed, the stomach di
gests promptly, the blood j purified; the com
plexion becomes sound and healthy; the yellow
tinge Is eradicated from the eyes, a bloom Is
iiven to the cheeks, and the weak and nervous
nvalid becomes a strong and healthy being.
.Persons advanced in life, and feeling the hand
of time weighing heavily .upon them e with all
Its attendant Ills, will . find in the of this
BITTF:II.4, or the TONIC, an elixir that will In
stil new life into their veins, restore in a meas
ure the energy, and ardorof more youthful days,
build up their shrunken forms and give health
and happiness to their remaining , years,
..p„ • •
It k a %Vali established fuet that fully one-hall
of the female ixsdion of• our population
aro seldom In thesm-
LA T , j02.-ment of good
health: or„ to ueo their own expres,
stun, "never t eet t well." They are Lan
guid, devold'of all ene r gy, extremely nervous,
and have no appetite.
To this class of persons the BITTERB,•or the
TONIC. is'espeelittly recommended.
Weak and delicate children are made strong
by the use of ither of these remedies. They
will core every case of MATCASIIIJ-9, without
fail. Thousands of certificates have accumula
ted in the hands of the proprietor, tint space
will allow of hatless'. Those, !twill he observed,
are men of note andof such standing that they
must be believed.
RON. GEORGE W. WOODWARp,
Ls-Chief Justice of the Supreme Court o
PRILADELPIIII, March 16,1647.
"I find Hoodatid's " German Bitters Is a
`good tonic, useful itt A diseases of the di
gestive organs, and 11. of great benefit In
eases of debility.and Want of nervous ac
tion In the system. Yours truly.
GEO. W. WOODWARD."
110 N: JAMES TIICIMPSON,''
Judge of the Stkprenie Court .of Pennsylvania•
PHILAD*.LPHIA, , ApriI m 3, 1863.
"-I consider Hoofland's Qerman Bitters a vain:
able medicine in case of attacks of Indigestion
or Dyspepsia. I can certify:this from my expe
rience. Yobis with respect.
FROM REV. JOS. H. KENNARD, D. D.,
Pastor of the Tenth Baptist Church, PhilL.
JArgsoN—Dcar Sii:=4 have frequently
been reqttested to connect my name with rec.
ommendatiens of different kinds of medicines,
but regarding the practice as out of my appro
priate sphere, I have in
. all mutes declined ;-but
with a clear proof various int tances,
and particuMrly in my own family, of
themseMinessof Dr. Hoollaud's (termer'
Bitters, P depart for once from my usual
course to express my felt conviction that, for
General Debility of tho System, and especially
for Liver Complaint, it is a safe and valuable
preparation. In some cases it may tail; but,
usually, I doubt not, it will'be very beneficial to
those who sufferfrom the above cause.
Yours very respectfully
J. H. ItENNAHD,
Eighth, below Coates, Si.
FROM REV. E b. FT,ND'ALL,
.4salstrud Editor Christhin.C2tronicle, Philad'a.
I have deAved decided benefit from the use of
Floofiand's German Bitters, and feel it my priv
ilege to recommend them, as a most valuable
tonic to all who ate suffering from General De-
bility .or from diseases arising from deranro•
went of the I %ver. Tours truly,__ _
E. D. FENDALL.
Booftiind's German Remediesare counterfeit
cd.:Bee that the Sig- n tarn of C. M.
JACKSON is on the IN wrapper of each bot
tle. All others are counterfeit. Princi
pal office and mann- • factory at the Ger
man Medicine Store, NO. 631 Arch street, Phila
• • GRAS. M. EVANS, Prpprietor.
Formerly C. M: JACKSON dr. CO.
Hootigoll'irpeTark Bitlfre, par i tn, n sl
( T o
Hoofland‘ Gentian Tortie, put op tn gua bot
um 59 per botUe, or aWU dozen for 5 0.
QT Do not forget to examine well the - article
You ttg. la order toget the genuine._
= Agents for the Observer.
South Erie—F. W. Koehler.'
Corry—Amos Heath, John Scott,
Petroleum Centre—Geo. W. Wtxson.
Oak Grovei—Wm. I; Welker.
Wayne—D. W. Howard, D. C. Kennedy.
SpartansburgJohn G. BUrlingliam.
Waterford—W. C. White.
Union Borough—M. V. B. Brown.
Union Township—Moses Smll9.' l
Girard—Capt. D. W. Hutchinson.
Elk Creek and Lundy's Lane—Wm. Sherninn
Concord—A. W. Covell. -
Lockport—J. C. Coughlan. 6
Wattstoarg-14-man Robinson, A. Ensworth.
McKean Township—E. Pinney. ,
Edinboro—Marcus Bliley. .
Harbor Creek—Wm. Manxman. ,
North East—B. A. Tabor.
A Card to the Liulles.—' e
• DR. DgPONCOTI
GOLDEN 'PERIODICAL" PILLS
nfallable in correcting Irregularities, replay'
tag Obstructions 'Of the Monthly Turns, from
whatever cause, and always, successful as a pre
ONE PILL. 111 A DOSE.
Females peculiarly situated, or those suppos
ing themselv es so, are cautioned against using
theiVPills while in that cordlition,lest they in
vite miscarriage, after Which admonition the
,Proprietor assumes no responsibility, although
their mildness would prevent any mischief to
health; otherwise the Pills are rC6OI/11nellded
fla ft . ' •
MOST iik.rvALtrAprx REMEDY .
for the alleviation of thosgendifering from.any
lireettlaritles,wbatevsr;cui well as to prevent, tlii
increaso +lfni:ally when health will not permit
it; onieting :the nerves grid bringing bank the
" cosy color of heartlh ^ to the cheek of the noat
Fall explicit dliecibnii -accompany each
Price SI per boi,.six bases $3. Sold In Erie by
WM. NICK& SONS,•druggista, sole agetits for
ErWand irteinity. -
Ladies by send tog them 51 through the Post
Office, can have the pills sent (connifentlally)by
mall to any part of the country, free of postage.
a Sold alio by E. T. Hazeltine, Warren; Hoff
man & Andrews, Corry; Callender & Co., Mead
ville; C. C. Wall & Co., North East; Jewett &
Wright, Westfield. '
S. D. HOWE; Sole PMprietor,
..tuygreB.-Ty. 5, ' New York.
POPULAR GOODS !
Mannnoth Dry Goods
Dierendorf, Gro s & Foster.
NCI: 7 IL' .V.,1.) 1.14,111J4V...
Dry (foods Department.
In the Div . Goods departmeni we offer an
desive assortmen Lot' fashion ble Spring I)re
Goods, consisting, in parLof Black and Colored
Alpacas, Black Silks, — POrdins, Abyssinian
Cloths, Stripes for Sults, Plnutst, Carnbrics, Or
gandies, French Prints, English anti American
0 oyes, Hosier%Trimmings, Hoop Skirts, Ta
ble Linens, White and Colored Toilet Quilts,
Linen Shetdings Bleached nud Brown Muslims,
Stripes, Checks, Denims, etc, etc.
In our C4rpet anti Hose Furnishing' Depart—
'Vent we,have storkand .otrer for sale the
largest anti - most complete stock of gds ever
before shown in this city.
} • ,„
WALT, PAPER'! WALL PAPER I-
An immense stock of American and English
Wall Papers, from the cheapest brown blanks
through all the intermediate gmd es to the finest
hand stamped Gold, Tinted and Etecomtivo Pa.
CARPETS! CARPETS r I CARPETS!
Plain and Twilled Hernias, Wool Dutch, Ve
netian, List, and Rag, Ingrain, Three Ply, Tapes.
try Ingrain, American and English 'rapestzy
Bruss, Body Brussels and Velvety,
M ivrpx NG S :
A large stock of that justly celebrated Tanned
Cane Matting of all widths. Aa we buy these ,
goods direct of the mannfitcturers., we are en
abled to offer unusual advantages to purchas
OIL CLOTIIS—FIOor, Table and Chniage, all
LAcv crt fiTAINFI-AND-''REIVS--Nottlng
ham ScotchAraTimbour Lace' Curtains. Ail
colors crintepps and Terries', Transparent Hol
land for Shades, pronounced by all who have
used them to be the best article ever introduced
for Shades. Cornices, Shade Fixtures, Stair
Rods, Maim, ltuggs, etc.; etc.
Pure. Live Geese Feathers: . 1
Lounges; Mattresses and Pillows on hand and4l
made to order by an etperieneed upholsterer..
In conclusion, our stock is fail and complete
In every department And oar motto is, as It
ever has been, promptness In exectttlen of all
orders left with us, and honegty and Mir deal
ing with every one.
Call and see it we do not tell the truth.
DIEFENDORF, GROSS & FOSTER,
aprit4t. - - N 0.7 Reed House, Elie, Pa.
The obl estalashed Book Bindery of E. M. Cole
& Son has been removed to ;
Corner of State and Ftfth Sts.;
Where, with improved facilities , we are pre
pared ido sit kinds of -Bindin in t
style and to at prices to compete with g . any. he best
Day, Books, Ledgers ; Ate.,
Made lb order as cheap as piey can be had
anywhere. , •
RULINO CAREFULLY ATTENDED TO.,
Magazints,Papers, Books andTtunphlets
Round at Reduced Prices.
w Give - us a call and Bee for yourselves.
E. M. COLE & SON.
SEALED 'FRUITS, VEGETABLES, ETC.,
• • CHOICE
• • -
SOuthern Hominy and Salop.
Pe ß lae kWwe lr'ese sPteickles,
g u st s Bolestgents & rthe i oddyoShak
a 1 ea Mucky Strict, New Task. •
Zht trie olturrer.
THURSDAY-. 31AY 20. 1809
subscription? must be settled annually:
Bills will be sent at the dose'of each year to
those - who are in arrears.
Jobbing accounts are' due as soon as the
'work is detirered. fetlB-tt
POLITICAL lIISTORT OF SUIE CO.
, The Democratic candidate for Canal Com
missioner was Wm. B. Foster; the Whig,
Jas, M. Power; the Abolitionist, Wm.'Elder,
and the Native American, George Morton.
Owing' us a prejudice excited against Mr:
Foster's re-slection, the State went heavily in
favor of the Whig party: la Erie• county,
Power had 1,801 votes, Foster 805, and El
der 74. The State gave Power 07,013,
ter 89,084, Morton 15.4.1 4 , Elder 2,070.
Jas. Thompson was re-nominated by the.
Democrats for Congress, and again elected.
The Whig candidate was James Catnpbell,of
Clarion, and the Abolitionjst, John Mann.
of Potter. The vote of the district was as
Campbell. Thompson. Mann
Erie, 1,792 • 942 77
.. 617 • 1,199
Warren, - '486 684 - l9
Jefferson, . 278 " 333
,3leKean, 168 256
Potter, 99 237 54
Elk, - 113 . . • 128
' - Total,3 553
i :_ , ,
The Democratic candidate for State Sen
ate was Smith Jackson, of Erie; the Whig,
J. D. J 011113011% of Erie; and the 41)olition,
Nathah Gould, of Springfield. Johnson re
ceived !Mkt rotes, (and was elected,) Jackson
873, and Gould 86.
The county tickets, and their votes, were
asTollowS. The Democrats made no nomi
nation for Sheriff: . •
Whig—Assembly, Wm. Sanborn,
1,719; David A.' Gould, Springfield, 1.608;
Sheriff', 3iilesly. Caughey, Fairview, 1,723;
Commissioner, Win. Campbell, Washington,
1,710 ; Treasurer, John S. Brimn, Erie, 1,709;
Auditor, James ChaMbers, Harbor Creek,
1,703; Poor Director,Wm. Braeken,'Leßomf,
ity, 870;_Istetivton Lounsbury, worth East,B.s7 ;
Commissioner, James Wilson, Greenfield,,
781 • Treasurer, John 8, Carter, Erie, 840;
'Auditor, Martin Strong . , jr., Waterford, 790;
Poor Director, Isaae R. Taylsy, Washington,
84 ift. Barnett, Fairview, 814 Sheriff, Aaron
lie ogg, North East, 182 ; .Cointnissiorier,
Thom. McClellan, Mill Creek, 80 ; Treasurer,
Alex. 31chatle:y i Ede, 83; Auditor, Abner I : I.
Gould, Springfield, 79; Poor pireetor l Alvah
At life spring election, a vote was taken
'whether licenses to sell liquor should be giv
en in the county or not. The vote was 2,410
in fivor ok license, and 2,183 against.
• The Whigs nominated for Governor Jas.
Irvin, of Centre county ; .the Democrats sup
ported Francis R. Shunk ; the Abolitionists,
F. J. ,Le3loyne ; and the Native Americans,
E. .0 ' Reigart, of Lancaster. Erie county
gave Irvin 2,536 votes; Shank 1,728, LeMoyne
131 X , In the State, Irvin had 128,148 CShank
140,034, Reigart 11,247, Le3loyue " 1,801-7
Shank's majority over Irvin 18,930.
For Cannl Commissioner, .Jos. W. Patton,
of Camberiand, was the Whig candidate ;
3lorda Longstreth. of Montgomery, the Dem
ocratic; Wm. B. Thomas, of Philadelphia,
the Almilition ; and Geo. Morton, Of Dauphin,
the, Native Americap,—Longstreth being
elected by about the same vote as Shunk.;
• The Pennsylvan4s4ridiers in the Mexican
tsar vOtesl for State •94c3;ixl gave a - I;iiiie
majority in factor• of the Dentocrak
The Demaco c ts itkatle no nominations for
county officers, leaving the field clear for the
Whigs and • Abolitionist), The followttig
were the candidates, with, the votes for cacli:,
Whig—Assetuhly, , ,, Gide!in J. Ball, ,
Wm.,Sanborn;Amity, 2,478•; Coth
rnissibner, H. Hills, Conneaut, 2,334; Au
ditor John Wood, Lelicruf, 2,421; Poor Di
rector,•David Sterrett, McKean, 'no,opposi
Abolition-Assembly, Natßaniel Witsoii,
Union, 159 ;'Orange ,Selkrigg, North, East,
158; Commissioner,' B. Beebe; Wayne; 152;
Auditor, E N. • Wood, Veriango,
The Deinocratic State Candidateeweroeor
Gos'erticii, Morris Longstreth, of 3ionigoine
ry ; for Cabal Commissioner - Israel Painter.
of Westmoreland. The Whig candidates
were Wm. F. Johnston, of Armstrong, for
Governor, and Ner •31idEllessvarth, of Union,
for Canal Commissioner. day. Shunk'itad
died before the expiration of his term, and
Mr. Johnston, who Was Speaker of the Sen
ate, became Governor. The Gubernatorial
vote was the 'cloS'est/thati,ever occurred in
Pennsiiraniajohnston having s,ucceeded by
only.3ot Longstreth's defeat
was occasioncll by the fact of his - baring
been Canal Commiaioner, which ena'..le,l his
liolitical enemies tQ C f Te3te a considerable de
arm of prejudice,az, iini.. 7 The Demo
cratic nominee for Canarcp3itnissioner was
elected by 2,osBTriajority. ,tounty gave
Johnston 3,500 votes, Long:Arent t,087; -Mid
dleswarth 3,305, and Painter 2,094. Tbe Ab
litioaists and Native Americans had nb date
tick'et in the field, ,
, Each party re-nominated the same candi;
dates for 4 €9iqress
. as in 1846, and - lames
Thianpson, was again elected by 483 majority
over Mi. Campbell.' ;
The county tickets were as follows :
Whig—Assembly, G. J. Ball, 3,169; Theo
lore Ryman, Girard,A3,l6s; , Prothonotary,
James Skinner, Erie, 3,162 ; Register, H. J.
Sibley,. Waterford, ;3,077.; Commissioner
'Geo. W; ; Brecht, Mill-Creek, 3,067; Auditor,
John Ealey, Springfield, 3 ) 059 • Treasurer
John Hughes, Erie, 3,101 ; Poor Direbtor
David Rennedy, Erie, 3,025 ; Coroner, Sam
uel Foster, Erie, 3,030 all being elected
Democratic•—Assembly, Smith Jackson,
Erie, 1,623; John S. Homes, Girard, 1,628:
Commissioner, James Wilson, Greenfield,
1,631; Auditor, D. W. Hotvard, Amity, 1,585;
Poor Director, Henry Colt, Waterford, 1,ri.55.
- There were no candidates for Prothonotary,
Register, I`reasurer and Coroner.- •
Aboliticin—Assembly, Wm: Beatty, Erie,
371; job-Stafford, McKean, 367 ; Prothono
tary, Anion Kellogg, North East, 1,303; Reg
, ister, Ira Sherwin, Harbor Creek, 487 ; .Com
missioner, Jas. M. Moorhead, Harbor Creek,
3Ee AuditOr, B. Beebe,• Concord, 825;
Treasurer, Henry Cadwell, Erie, 377; Poor
Director, Eli Perkins, Wayne, 357; Coroner,
John B. Fluke, 470.
The National tickets were as follows : Whig
—for President, Zachary Taylor, Louisiana;
Vice President, Millard ;Fillmore of Now
York. Democratic—for President, Lewis
Cass, of Michigan; for Vice President, Wm.
0. Butler, of Kentucky. Free Boil;—fotPrei
dent, Martin Van Buren, of New York ; for
Vice t" 4eoldent, Charles Francis Adams, of
Massachnsettg. The Whig - candidate for
Elector in our district . was Thos. H. Bill, of
Erie ; the Democratic, Timothy belt of Pot
ter; the Free Boil, Wm. F. ,Claik, of Craw-
ford. . Below is the vote of the county :
5 Van Buren,
Erie, s e Yard, 2
Erie, Ward, 260 • 152 4
Mill Creek, 317 .159 3
Fairview, 249 40 •- 6
Girard boro., 46 29 2
t, tp., 263 154 16
,Springfield, 234 87 31
Conneaut, 202 87, 5
Elk Creek, : . 122 . 125. 4
Franklin, 4$ 4 .20
Washington, 196 63
Edinboro, 40 • . 14
McKean, 182 '5B
Greene, • • 109 116
Waterford born., 62 - 42
" tp., , 161 49
Leßird, ' 63 , '72
Union, ' 73 48 23
Conconl, - 32
_.. 35 43 .
Wayne, . .7 37 39
Wattsburg, • 24 •• 15 3
Venango,' 62 .48 34
Greenfield, 60 28 20
North East boro., 44 -• 37 7
" , "• tp., 133 178 27
Harbor Creek, 184 ..113 26
In the State, Taylor had 1.6.5,514 votes,
Cass 171:222, Van'lluten 11,263. Taylor and
Fillmore were elected. The former died af
terbeing itt office about a year. and a-half,
and Mr. Fillmore served out the hilanee of
his term as President. Ills policy, like that
of ,Tno. Tyler, was uniatistaetory to the par
ty that elected him.
The *hig candidate for Canal Commis
sioner was Henry M Fuller, of Luzerne ;,the
Democratic, John A. Gamble, of Lycoming.
The vote of the county' 'was 2,503 fur Fuller
and 1,309 for Gamble. Mr. Gamble r •as
elected, receiving 111,840 votes to 133,111 for
Fuller. Kinaber Cleaver, the Native Ameri
can candidate, received 3,259 vote's in, the
State, but none in Eric county.
- The candidates for State Senate were Jun.
H. Walker, Whig, and Murray Whalion,
Democrat: Mr. Walker was elected by a
vote of 2,417 to 1,390 for Whallun.
The county tickets were as follows :.
Whig—Assembly, :Jas. C. Reid; of Erie,
2, Leffert Hart,Girard, 2,302; Sheri ff , I'. E.
Burton, Erie, 2,474; Commissioner, siincou
Stewart, Concord, 2,497 ; Auditor, John L.
Was-, Greene, 2,474; Poor Director, George
Fritts,- IVaterford,. being elected.
Democratic—Assembly, D.lvid Olin, Gi
rard, 1,340 ; Win. Griffeth, North East, 1,350;
Sheriff,-E. W. Gerrish, E.linboro, 1,370 ;
Commissioner, Truman Stewart, Concord,
1,3.55; Auditor, Henry Teller, Girard, 1,3.57 ;
'Poor Director, Henry Gingrich, Mill
The first election for Auditor and Survey
or General was helil this year. The Demo
cratic State 'ticket consisted of Wm. T. Mor
rison; of Montgomery, for Canal Ccnnmis
sioner ; Ephraim Banks, of Mifflin, for Audi
tor Genc;ral ; and 'Jas. Porter Brawley, of.
Crawford' E for SunyeyofGpneral. The Whig
ticket consisted of Joshua Dungan, of Bucks,
fur Canal Commissioner ; Henry W. Snyder,
of Union, for Auditor , -General ; and-Joseph
Henderson, or Washington, for Surveyor
General. The Will:4 , i carried the county by
an average majority`- of'1,160; but were de
feated hi the , State. 31e. Briwley ran some
three thousand VoteS behind hts.ticket in the
-An amendment to the Constitution making
Judges elective,was submitted to the people,
and received 1-14,578 votes in its favor to 71,-
09.2 votes in opposition, being carricd - by a
majority of 72,591 Erie county gave 3,90 . 8
votes for the,timendment, and 309 against it.
The Whig candidate fur Congress was Jncr•
11. Walker, of Erie countp; the Democratic,
Carlton B. Curtis, of Warren, the latter being
elected by a majority of 10d votes. The fol
lowing is thit vote in the district :.
' , Walker. ' . ' •Curtie
Erie,' - .3,226 ' 1,656
Clarion, .1;193. I,G9T
Jefferson, 519 ." . 780
_Warren,.. ' • 7l7_ • . 1,117
Potter, • . • 1 , 360. ', r • 541
Elk, 409 ; •27;
McKean, , 297 " 454.
Total, 6,416 • 6,522. •
• The county ticket, with thti vote for each
candidate, were as folloWs :
Whig—Assembly, Jas. a Reid, Erie, 3,159,`
4.1 ex.. W. Blaine, North East, 3,163; Com
missioner, Thomas Dunn, McKean, 3,149;
Treasurer, Alfred King, Erie, 3,175 ; Auditor,
Pluvei Boyd, Waterford, 3,158 ; Poor Direc
tor, Xoli'in 3f. Kelso, Fairview, :3;007.
Detnocratic—Assembly, George H. (kitler;
Girard, 0309 C, 31. Tibbals, •Erie, 1,681 ;
,Copmnis:sioner, Ilettrl' . Allison, North East,
1,615 ; Treasurer , Henry Gaffs ell, Erie,1,694 ;
Auditor. Henry Gingrich, Creel}, 1,701 ;
„poor'Director, A. 31allory; Springfield, 1,716.
At this election, the District Attorney arid
County Surveyor were chosen by popular
vote for the first time: The following were
the candidates, with their vote
• Whig—District Attorney, Mat thew Taylor,
.F,rie, 3,16 i ; Surveyor, David Wilson, Union,
;Democratic'-District Attorney, Benj.
"Grant," Erie, 1,641 ; Surveyor, - Irvin Camp,
Erie, • 1,698.
• Thecensus of 1830 gave Erie a population
of 5,858, and the county of 38,70.
The'Dernocratic State ticket consisted of
Wm. Bigler, of Clearfield, for Governor, and
Seth Clover, of Clsriod, for Canal Commis
sioner,, The \Vhigs renominated Gov. John
ston„and John Strohm, of Lancaster, was
their candidate for Canal Commissioner. Erie
county gave 3,610 votes for Johnston and
2,106 for Bigler. In the State, Johnston had
1.78,070, and Bigler 186,307—the latter'4 ma
jority being 8,437. The Democratic, candi
date for Canal Commissioner was elected by
about the same vote. The Native American
candidate fdr Governor was Kimber Cl.;aver.
of Schuylkill, who received 1,713 votes; for
Canal Commissioner; David McDonald, of
Philadelphia, who received 1,873—n0 votes
for either being cast in Erie county. — , •
The first election of Judges by 9)Pular
vote, took place this year. The. Democratic
candidates for the Supreme Court were Jer
emiah S. Black, of Somerset, Jas. Campbell,
of Philadelphia, Ellis Lewis, 'of Lancaster,
John 13. Gibson, of Cumberland, and Walter
H. Lowrie, of Allegheny. Thei;7hig candi
dates were Richard Coulter,of Westmoreland,
Wzn. 31.. Meredith, ot Philadelphia, George
Chambers, of Franklin, Joshua W. Comfy,
of 3lontour, and Wm. Jessup, of Susque
hanna. All the-Democratic candidates were
elected by considerable majorities except Mr.
Campbell, who, being a Catholic, was defeat
ed by the Native American tendencies of the
day. The Natives united their force upan
Richard Coulter, who. had a majority of
In this district, the Democratic candidate
for Presiding Judge was 'John Galbraith, of
Erie; the Whig, Elijah Babbitt, of Erie. 31i.
Galbraith's extraordinary popularity, added
to dissatisfaction over their party nomination
among a portion of the Whigs, enabled him
to carry the district by 836 majority. We
are unable to find the official vote in any of
the papers of the day,but the majorities were
The Democrats made no nominations for
county officers, and supported independent
candidates. The following were the candi
dates, with theii vote :
Associate Judge, Joseph M. Sterrett, Erie,
(Reg. Whig) 3,062 ; John Wood, Waterford,
(R g• Whig) 2,420; James. Mi Girard,
(lud. Whig) 3,090; Assembly, Alex, W.
Blaine, North East, (Reg. W 114,13,531 ; Chas.
W. Kelso, (Reg. Whig) 3,460 ; Prothonotary,
James Skinner, Erie, (Reg: 'Whig) 2,,40;
s a ,muel Perlcy, (Ind. Whig) 2,752; Register,
Davit' McAllister, Erie, (Reg. Whig) 3,472;
Commheoner, Rodney Cole,, Greene, Greene, (Rfg.
Whig) 3,414; coroner, Simeon Dunn, Erie,
(Reg. Whig) 3,420; Poor Director, Wm. E.
McNair, Mill Creek, (Reg. Whig) 3,432; Au
ditor, Samuel Reeder, Washington, (Reg.
Whig) 3,319. Messrs. Sterrett and Miles were
elected Associate Judges, and 'Mr. Perky
THE PA,9IFIC RAILROAD.
Who first suggested a Pacific Railway? In,
1778, Jonathan Carver foreshadowed ii, and
heof all men was furthest ahead of the ago
in which he lived. Ash. Whitney not thirty
years ago addresso lyceums and State Leg
islatures advocating a line from the Prarie
du Chien across the Rocky mountains, via
South Pass to Puget's Sound, a branch line
connecting with San Francisco. Thomas 11.
Benton, of Missouri, alive to the necessities
of the hour, introduced a bill into the Senate
in 1850 'authorizing what may be called a
stepping-stone railroad, consisting of links of
railroad, occasionally interrupted by what
were then supposed to be insuperable natural
difficulties.' Three years later Congress ap
propriated $150,000 for six surveys of pro.
posed routes tiir the Pacific. Railroad These
were under the supervision of the War De
partment, and .
-- conducted by able officers
(among whom were McClellan, Pope, Whip
ple, Saxton, &c.,) who did much to develop
correct notions on the physical characteris
tics of the West. The year subsequent Con
gress made two appropriations of $lO,OOO and
$150,000, to complete the surveys. Three
routes were also surveyed. The
result has *been published in thirteen vol
umes. Mr. Jefferson Davis, then secretary
. of War, entrusted to Captain Humphreys the
duty of estimating the rclat.ve vela: 4if th e •
various routes explored and propos:li Ur
gent as the desire at this-side was to build a
railroad to the Pacific, it was fatly equalled
by that of the men•of the Pacific slope, who
saw in it rapid transit, cheap rates, and a.
New York, not to say a Europearr market
for their produce. In 1859 and 1860 the ideas
of the railroad el crc discussed and legislated
upon in Congress. In July, 1860, ground for
one section - was broken at Kausas,eity. In
November, of that year, a mass meeting was
held at the Cooper Institute, New York city,
to advocate the idea. During the two subse
quent years, various bills essential to the en
terprise were introduced and passed by the
Senate and [louse of Representatives.
In .Tury,lB6::., President Lincoln sig•ted the
act granting to th'e proprietors -a national
cleirter. In October of . the year following a
preliminaryorttanization was formed. Then
the formal organization of the Union Pacific
Road was completed, with fifteen directors
selected by the stockholders and five by the
uovernment. The authorized capital of the
Union Pacific Branch was $100,0:10,000.
The first contract. fof its construction was
made in August, Ifitll, but Om iti n g to various
delays which arrested the progress of the
work, it was not until January,lBilG, that t}e
first forty-one miles' of the Union Pacific
Road bad been B !fore the January fel-
;0•i miles were finished. Another
year saw 510 miles in. A.l the commence
ment of 1869, - B*:.'o miles were in operation,
and to-d-ay tile Union Pacific Railroad is -
united to the Central Pacific Road, forming'
nearly 1,750 miles of railroad-4--'4wecn Oma
h:y tad ainento.
This was ansrvelooslY rapid work for - u.
rough country, much of it destitute of wood,
water, and supplies. For 30J miles east of
Salt Lake Valley the line averages nearly
i'MO feet ahoVe the sea. At this great etev4,-
lion snows abound Daring the first winter
—1865-9—no trains went through for two or
three weeks, though during the same period
20 miles of track were laid at the end of the
During constructs the "terminal station,"
moving forward with each adyance of the,
track, was. usually a place of 5,000 or 0,000
inhabitants. lti.ht urn the desert would
spring up a crowded city, with euormoui
- warehouses, dail newspapers, streets,
thronged with hundreds of freight - teams
starting wesward, and churches, banks, and
gambling-saloons, In a few weeks the scene
would shift, and all this v.iried life disappear,
leaving only a little station, %vitt' its water
tbnk and group.ufforlorn dwellings.
Indians have thrown one or two tr.tins ntr
the track, bit( in general have kept very clear
,of the locomotive. In Kansas, however, they
hare committed many oulr - azes. Going to
California in ISG7, via the Kansas Patine
Road, and thence by stage. through Denver
ant Salt Lake, was a hazardous undertaking.
The Colon Pacific road thund for the first
500,miles west from Omaha the easiest route
ever lollowed ; the Central Pacific, for ifft)
- east from Sacramento, one of the hardest.
'Before receiving any Government Lund, the
latter company must build 'and equip fert
miles, which N 1 ould carry the track far up the
Serras; and cost $4:000,000. Money wa3
worth.t3vo per cent. a month in Catiforni%
The cOrporators put in their 'entire fortunes,
and obtained help both from Sam'
and the State; but all was only a drop in the
bucket. To surpount the range would coat
millions tfpon millions more and it seernel,
impossible toobtain the money either la
the United states or in Europe, for a Han
that was to become one of the world's main
arteries: Ifintington, the Vice President
nnthfinancial manager, was in•New.York,
'vainly endeavoring to procure the necessary .
rolling stock and material. In casting'about
for help, he 'encountered Fisk Hatch,
dealers in Government securities, who had
done much to sustain the National credit
through the darkest days of the war. "Young.:
men for action." While older capitalist - s
were shaking their heads, these young '
bankers deliberately undertook to furnish the
Company with whatever money was needed,
and as dist - as it was needed. The amount
proved to be from ip'3,000.000 to $20,000,000
per year ; but they fulfilled their agreement.
They went into the work in earnest; laboring
with heavy capitalists in person, investing
their own money in the Company's bonds,
which they put on the same basis. vith those
,the Government, and calling to their aid
Richard T. Colburn, an able and experienced
journalist, who, with great skill and energy,
sent' forth upon:the wings of the, press fact
after fact, showing tlie.greatuess of the work
and the value and safety of the security. At
first money came in slowly, but it soon ac
cu-n laled like a rolling 'snowball. The
bond's were rapidly 'advanced in price to
kee'p them from selling faster than funds were
needed, and finally a party of European capi
talists subscribed at one trausactiou $4,000,-
000 br $5,000,000 worth, on condition that
the loan should be closed on the part of the
Company. After reaching the summit or the
Sierras, the Cothpany pushed forward with
wonderful vigor. There was no connectin4
roads from which to borrow rollingsto..-k ; aria
cli their iron, locomotives, and nthei• materi
nt had u; be slt!ppeil 16,00 !linos around thk.
It is almost superfluous to state that thc.
Pacific Railroad consists of two great divi
sions, the Union Pacific, starting trout
ha, and the Central Pacific, extending
from . Sacramento to Salt Lake, across
California, Nevada, and Utah, until met by
the Union Pacific. These constitute the Na
tional Pacific RailrOad line. In their con
struction they received very important aid
from Congress in the following respects : 1. _
The right of way through the Territories. 2.
Absolute grant of twenty alternate sections
(1,280 acres) our mile of the public lands
through which 'the road runs; the right to •
use the iron ; c 4, or timber thereon. 3. A
special issue of six-per cent. bonds of the
United States, proportioned to the length
and difficulty of the line, to be delivered to
• the - companies as the work progressed.. The
proportion in which these bonds were distri '
buted was, between the Mis,ouri7er and
-111 e Easteriftrase of the Rocky' -Mountains (4
distance of tkVi miles,) et 6,000 per' mile;
across the 'Rocky Mountains (150 miles,) $48,-
000 per mile; across the Great Basin MO
miles,) $32,000 per mile; across the Sierra,
Nevadas (150 mires,) $48,000 per mile ; theme
to San Francisco' (120 miles.) $16,000 per
Mile. Of the 1,800 miles between Omaha
and Sacramento, not one-third is really
mountainous, but more than two-thirds nr,-re
so counted, and reemved the higher Govern
ment endowment—s32;ooo or $48,000 per
mile. Much of the Central Pacific traverse , .
a flit country, yet not one mile received less
than $32,000. The Union Pacific obtained
the highest mileage—slB,ooo—for .1.10 miles,
west of Cheyenne, heavy mountain work.
though the region is really one long, incline;'
plane—"as fine a country to build a milwav
. as lies on the face of the globe."
Building and equipping the entire line pro
' bably cost%on.an average $50,000' per
The Government bonds issued averaged $30,-
000 per mile, and the companies' first mort
gage bonds sold for $30,000 more, leaving :s
net cash profit of seventeen millions pf dol
lars upon the construction alone, in addition
to the ownership of the road and its magnifi
cent land grant.
Tlke Union Pacific built : In 1865, 46 miles;
in .'.1866, .265 miles; in 1867, 245 miles;
1868, 425 miles; in. 1869, 105 miles. Total.
The .Central Pacific' built: In 1863,
miles ; in 1864, 20 miles ; in 1865, 20 miles;
in 1866, 80 miles ; in 1867, 46 miles; in IS$,