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OFFICERS OF COLITEHIA CO.
President Judge—Hon. William Elwell.
A ..„,,l ate j u d ges _ Inn Derr,
Peter K. Berhein.
(Proth'y and kof Cuurts—Jeme Coleman.
`Register and Recorder-John O. Freeze.
( Allen Mann,
Commssioners-1 John F. Fowler
I Montgomery Cole.
Treasurer—John .1. Stiles.
Auditors— B Rupert,
John P. - Hannon.
Commissioner's Clerk—Win. Krickbaum.
Commissioner's Attorney—K IL Little.
Mercantile Appraiser-4m. Geo. W. UM
County Surveyor—lsaao A. Dewitt.
District Attroney—Milton M. Trough.
Coroner—William J. Ikoler.
County Superintendent—Chas. G. Barkley,
Asieror4 Internal Revenue—lt. F. Clark.
I John Thomas,
18. B. Picnic:,
J. 11. Tkelcr,
J. S. WOIHIA.
(7elleetor—Benjamin P. Hartman.
Dll. E. W. WELLS,
SUIVESSOR TO DR. E. V. HARRISON.
Ilse taboo Roomy it the American thaw. All or
4111 Iplt there will bo promptly annuli:it to.
DR. W. H. BRADLEY,
(Gate Aseietaist lilediertt Director U. S. Army,)
Phi sida and Surgeon.
17 Maw et the &dim Hotel, Illooto.lnn6.
veils promptly attended to both night and do..
Illoomeho ell, Nov. dl, tend.,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
WW k.lr bEINCRAT AND STAR Building, in
Mkrth •S, 'O7
E. R. 1101811
Office, 2nd floor, in Exchange Block, near
the "Exchange Hotel."
All hapimee itit.pe in his bowie will he attended
ar n ith I , touniwi.4 and cure. (Ater thlll4 Illltde With
I he let.% pritt•lhle daisy. I Sept.
M. M. I'ItAUGII I
.111171111 t rti EV-AT-L IV,
practic.; in thu ticveral Courts of Culumb ia
ijr All Collections promptly rittoithal to.
mitudeifey mai -Llivr;
BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA CO., PA.
f ttrtCe in Inn EXeiningn RaU linß, ffecoud start'.':;"
ritosopr k Co's. *tors i *wood duor ehove the Ef.to
PO , toni,barg. Aprit ii, too
trll. C. KA It E
Counselor and Attorney at Law,
Woula announce to his (risotto and the public in
thel he has mooned the Naomi of Law
ni i Cont Oyalleilig and all lewd bosiuess promptly
VEPtei: in the Exchange Auditing, second story,
ever 3t..) ern Drua
hheeesteirg, May 1, Int 7.
!Tactical Watchmaker and Jeweler.
kIN STREET, (mar the Court Ilottge,)
1:1.0031t 4 11C1W, PA.
4 '..ttglattil V' on band it fine I.otortatient of A wriest)
Watcher:. Ckiek iewutry, Silverware and
t'rrticulurattention paid to the repairing of Cloaks
Wowitea 10141 Jewelry. Ala.onie Slum. made
0.0.. r. All work Warrnaterl.
litoottithittg. Aptil 17 1457
10. 2157.11517 D
Nu rents Dentist,
Extinct* teeth without rain by a new teethed. It
is rerPetly ittueitese and is now u.e4
with 'VOW * L W-Le:4. All brAllebtil of
Donnetry attended to in the latest
gn 0 and mina a poroego
Rt.ohleore stud Orwe, ow door nue t of Evan.'
Clothing stpre. Ilbeuebure, Nov. 13. 1e67.
The tinder.igned gives nodes to the public goner. ,
ally that he is a practical WEL,t, UItIGER, and in
prepared to dig well* On oliort Notice upon the Wool
rea, nagilliktparna. No ban had in hie long expert.
CO - ,ntr'thill 'belittlers remarkable rtleteSl4 71106 e
wt 1141pItini done in his Ilan would do welt to
urg June, Er. 1P417,
i tole of diseases that harem
Mora fs tot cure. uo c lago.
Ot au pay.
VS - .1
• ` EIIETT
TERM!,-11101 00 In admits.. If not veld within
SIX MONTHS, 30 cent, additional will be chirped.
3.2" No Purist' discontinued until all arrears's,
are paid except at the option of the editor.
RATES 01 0 ADVERTISING.
sill unnicoorrrrtrre a 'MRS.
One plug,e flife or throw InsertloB4,.r.i Si 50
Every subsequent insortlon lei. thiaill3 30
eracr. Ix. Qr. 3r. pr, IT .
0,0 • - 0 • ' • .*W t •__„
One wars, 3Oa COO 11.00
Two squares, 3,00 3,0 0,00 0,00
Three .. 3,00 7,00 11, 5 0 Milo
Poor egoiernol, OW MAW 1 nolo 14,011
liolf rolon.n,l 10,00 15,00 14.00 1 i s m
One column, 1 13,041 ituto 90,00 13%00
Eireetanra and Alifflinletrator's Notice:.
Auditor's Notice, 240
Other advertliementa Imported according to special
11111Mueee enticee, without nilverthement, twenty,
crate per line.
ents payable In sone° ell
other's dun liner the heel insertion.
(1.7* OFFICE'—IIa Nalve'e Block, Cor.of Main dau
Address, W. 11. JACOBY.
Blonineaorg, Columbia County. Pa
YOU CAN'T TAKE MY UAT
We were once traveling over the railroad
From Washington city to Baltimore, when
we observed a peculiar sort "°of man sitting
hard by—a tall, slim, good natured fellow,
but one who somehow seemed to bear the
impress of a person who lived by his wits,
written on his face. A friend, who, was
with me, answered my inquiry as to who he
was, and at the same time asked Inc to
keep hetween the object of my notice end
himself lest he should enure over to our
seat, as my companion said that he knew
him, but did nut wish to recognize him
"That is Beau Hickman," said. he, "a
man that is universally known in Washing-
ton as one of the most accomplished &Bows
in the city, always roady to borrow of, or
drink with you. He never has any money,
however, anti I a n t curious to know how he
will get over the road without paying, for
ho'L do it in some Ivey."
"l'robably he has got a ticket—borrowed
the-money ti buy it with, or something of
that sort," said I.
"Not be. Beau always travels free, and
bo-trds in the Fame way. Ile never pays
money when wit or ticket will pass current
in its place,"saidtuy_friend, conffilently.
"What a sharking bad hat he has got
on," raid I, °list:ll.in); the dilapidated con
condition of his bearer.
It's sonic trick of his doubtless, the
rest or his drew, you observe, is wit° gen
"Yes, I F 4,0."
sly f,iesid went on to tell me hew Beau
had done his tailor out of a receipt in full
for his last year's bill, and the landlady at
his last boarding place, and also various
other specimens of' his ingenuity and wit.
"He owed me t dollars," said my (liens'
"but in attemptinfin collect it of' him one
day, I'll be hanged if lie didn't get ton
more out of me, 60 T. think l shall let the
waiter rest there, for fear oi' doubling the
Han once snore.''
At this= moment !he ceoclereer Petered the
lippn•iti. Pld of she car is, gather the tickets
nem the passen,:;crs, :sod gire them checks
in return. Many of them as is often the
'practice with travelers who are frequently
called upon on populous routes to show their
t'cl.c:s, and plastid the .e iu the bands of
their hats, so that the conductor could see
that any were all right, and not trouble
them to take them from their pockets at
each stopping place. I watched Beau to
see what his expedient would be to get rid
of paying 14 his passage. As the conduc
tor drew nearer Beau thrust his head out
the ear window, and seemed absorbed in
contemplating the scenery on that side of
the road. The conductor spoke to him for
his ticket—there was no answer.
"Ticket, sir," said the conductor, tap
ping him lightly on the shoulder.
Beau sprang back into the car, knocking
Ins hat into the road, and leaving it in one
minute nearly a mile behind. lie looked
first towards the conductor, then out of the
window after his hat, and in a seeming fit
or rage exclaimed:
"What the d-1 do you strike a man that
way for? Is that your business? Is that
what the company hires you for?"
"I beg, your pardon, sir, I only wanted
your ticket," replied the conductor meekly.
"Ticket ! Oh, yes, it's all very well for
you to want my ticket, but I want my hat!"
replied Bean, bristling up.
'Terry sorry, sir, really. 1 barely de
sired to call your attention' and 1 took the
only means in my power," said the 'Conduc
"You had hotter use a cane to attract a
person's attention next time, and hit him
over the head with it if he happens to be
lookig the o er way I" replied the indig..
Weil, sir, I tun ready to apologise to
you again if you wish. I have done so a!-
re," said the now disconcerted of
"Yes, no t, but that don't restore
my property, that'a gone."
"Weil, air, I cannot talk any , longer,
take your ticket, if you pima," said the
• et? Haveset you knocked it out of
iir„lll a s4d all? Do you waut to
ticket was in the hat hand ?"
18 11114.18 NED MIRY WIIDNISDAY IN
noomsnußn, PA,, BY
WILLIAMSON 11. JACOBY.
road then," replied the conductor, attempt
ing to go on with his duty,
"The price of a ticket." said Beau is "one
dollar, my beaver coat me a V. Your
good sense will at once show you that there
is a ballance of four dollars in my favor, at
The conductor hesitated. Beau looked
like a gentleman to any one not perfectly
well posted up in the human fate; he was
well dressed, and his indignation appeared
"I'll see you after =I have collected the
tickets," replied the conductor, passing on
through the car.
Beau sat in silent indignation, frowning
at everybody until the conductor returned,
and came and sat down by his side.
Beau then, in an earnest undertone, that we
could only overhear occasionally, talked to
the conductor "like a father," and we saw
the crest fallen man of tickets pay the hat
less passenger four dollars !
The trick was at once seen through by
both my friend and myself, and the next
day over a bottle of wine at the Monument
HOMO, Beau told us he was hard up, hadn't
a dollar, picked up an old ha at Gadsby's
hotel in Washington, clapped his cap in his
pocket, and resolved that the hat should
carry him to Baltimore; and it did, with
bur dollars in the bargain.
Some Startling Statement,' by a
Mr. Sprague, of Rhode Island, rarely ob
trudes himself upon the Senate ; but his
remarks of Friday last on the repeal of the
cotton tax were more weighty and worthy of
consideration than nine tenths of the plati
tudes which the dominant party in that body
prefer to inflict upon the country. He in
voked attention to the prostrate condition of
American industry, and more especially of
the great staple, cotton, now being destroyed
by the unwise legislation of Congress. Mr.
Sprague is, as all know, a large manufactur
er, and be is also a large cotton planter. lie
ought, therefore, to be master of his subject.
A statement from him, that the British
manufacturers were now able, by their skill
ed lobor and machinery, to produce from
the short, dry, and once despised staple of
India cotton to produce equal to that obtain
ed by us from the American staple, must
have been startling to hearers unwilling to
-learnany - other lesson - than - Miter ditiiittiii;
sive hate. Mr. Sprague told them that he
feared they had lost this great interest tor '
ever ; that the control of the question had
passed from their hands. He even feared
the competition of Indian cotton in Ameri
can markets. As for Sea island cotton, he
believed that in two years it would only be
produced asa rare plant in some gentleman's
garden. At this day Egyptian cotton was
used in seven eighth of the articles ira which
Sea Island cotton was formerly employed.
T a plantations of the South were not worth
one twentieth part of what they were before
the war. After these statements Mr.
Sprague might well assert that while En
gland conquered territory for the purpose of
producing cotton, the dominant party had
conquered territory merely to destroy it.
Such is the expose of a practical man and
a representative of the industrial interest of
the country and of the floor of the Senate.
If it had been made in a British House of !
Commons, or had been delivered even a
few years ago in the American Senate, such
an appeal would have excited profound at
tention. But what is the destruction of a
great national industry the Radical party
immersed in schemes of President making ?
Their cry is, perish commerce, perish man
ufl.cturers, perish cotton, perish the poor
negro, who depends on this last induenry for
his daily bread, rather than sacrifice one jot
or tittle of the revenge by which this party
proposes to perpetuate its power. But
while these truths may full on closed ears
in the Senate, they will not pass unheeded
by the great business and mercantile classes
of the country. These, and all thinking and
patriotic men will inquire what party is re
sponsible Car this state of' thins, and they
will see that the expulsion of these bad men
from power is the first step towards relieving
the public dist ress.—.Nahona(lntelligencer.
Late intelligence from the West Indies
presents a frightful picture of negro rule
in Hayti. The particulars concerning the
assassination of Mentos, are well calculated
to arrest the attention of the friends of Chris
tian civilization in all parts of the world.—
After starving him forfour days an ineffect
ual attempt was made to complete the busi
ness by poison. After this, Salnave, the
negro President of the so called Republic,
ordered one of his assassins to smother him
but this attempt also failed, and howasfinal
ly stabbed, and his skull cut to pieces with
a chisel. His body wasdelivered to his friends
bootless and hatless on boards and conveyed
to the cemetery, his friends insisting on
burying it without placing it in a coffin. In
toxicating liquors were freely distributed to
the mop% to induce them to cheer for Pres
ident Baklava. The brother of Monta was
captured, and chained to the bloody had of
his murdered brother Leon. Montef s par
ents have been crazed by his assariooon,
and have fled to Dominica for fear of the
vengeance of the negro Presitiont.
Now, as the Radios/I insist 'mow African
'zing ten litotes of this Union, of putting
power in the hands of the negro race, is it
not time for white men to pause and ponder
upon auoh facto aa thaw preanntal with ref-
BY cum TOMB.
Tie ishmatin formeihe mammon Wed :
Jost es the teal IS beet the tree Is Inali•terl . 1
Those, who are most deeply interested in
the edwcation of the young, are the parents
and teacher. Although we do not say, but
all ought to take a deep interest in the edu
cation of those, who are to make our futuro
Lawyers, Doctors, Statesmen, and Clergy.
men, in a word the citizens of this vast Re
public ; as they value its happiness, its in
tellectual standing, and its moral worth.
What proud American, as his ambitious
blood boils in his veins to bear off the most
conquests in the scientific arena, would fail
to look about him with sorrow to see the
country lose its intellectual standing by not
having all classes in it educated; that the
governmental affairs of the United States
may be, mare and more intelligent
ly conducted. Our government is the
peoples government; it is they, who elect
their legislators, and it is they, who choose
from their midst the executive power.
This being the case, is it not to the advan
tage of all to have every child in the coun
try educated? If so, then, let us one and
all take hold of the work, and not only give
it our support, but our encouragement.
But that the parents and teacher are the
most deeply interested in this work is evi
dent front the relations they sustain to the
children. What fond mother does not,
with the greatest anxiety, listen to the his-
pings of her infant son, perhaps, thinking
when his mind becomes educated, and power
of oratory trained, that thousands may be
won from error to truth by his winning and
Or what father's heart is not filled with
pride, to hoar the teacher tell that his son
holds the highest position in all his classes.
lle looks forward for the tune when this son
will be called to compete for the mastery in
the active duties of life, thinking that as
his labors were crowned with success in his
school boy days; so in after life Ito way
hold the highest position his country can
give hint. But the teacher is ulso deeply in
terested in his scholars, not only while at
wheel, but in their career in after lite.
le almost or lie rhav: the-
being, becomes a second parent by curing
for and fitstering the infant mind by foe,ling
It on mach nourimhtnvnt as will Cause it to
grow in knowledge, and mature in wisdom ;
until its possessor comesforth with a mind
well stored with all the education of the day.
And as he enters the contest for notoriety
with what eagerness his instructor watches
his movements, and when successful, he is
exalted with the idea that his instructor has
been insteumental in crowning his efforts
Then if both parents and teacher are in
terested, or at least ought to be, they should
en-operate, and talk freely the best interests
of the school-parents should visit the school,
and Directors at least should spend a half
day in their schools each mouth, and, indeed,
it ought to be a day. But the pay, the pay,
they are not paid for it, they tell you ; but
I tell you, they are paid, not in dollars and
cents; but in what is bettor, they have the
satisfaction of knowing that they have dis
charged their duty, and not only encouraged
their children to renew their energy in ap-
Nying themselves to their books that they
may come before their teacher with a well
prepared lesson ; but that they are einula
ting their teacher to a renewed zeal, that he
may show them, that there is an improve
ment in the school every time they call. We
would, that we could say something that
would awake the people to a just view of
visiting their school ; and get them out of
the notion, that they are over paid, who re
ceive a stipulated recompense for their la
bors in dollarsand cents : But, if you choose,
you may confine the pay you receive to a
pecuniary profit and still it is to your ad
vantage. You pay your teacher a cortalu
salary, and if you do not visit the school, he
may not be able to do more in two months
than he could in one (it may not be as much
as that) if he and your children have the en
couragement of your presence in the school,
now and then. Now this is no frank of the
imagination, but it is true. it is real, and by
the time the reader has bad ten years ex
perience in teaching, we think, ho will fully
agree with this idea, and say: that there
ought to be more school visits recorded in
the Report Books than there are. But the
teacher cannot record them unless be has
them; therefore it. is not his fault, then,
the fault lays with those who do not visit.
It is for the people to bay whether there
shall be any improvement in the education
al system or not ; and whether it shall not
become better, that the children may be
sent to school tho whole year ; that when
they have grown to riper years, and called
from the old domicile to discharge the
sterner duties of life, they may be useful
men and women. Then arouse from this
drowsy forgetfulness, Mid awake to your
country's best inunezt, that you may help
to make your schools and school system,
what they ought to be; and then the United
States may have it to say, that thoir com
mon schools will favorably compare with the
common schools of any country on the
Sir Not long ahem a youth older is wit
than years, after being omega-
MAJ. Francis F. Shank.
Msj. Francis J. Shunt:, who died De
cember 15th, was the third son of the late
Governor Francis R. Shunk. Ho entered
the West Point Academy in 1849, when in
his seventeenth year, and graduated in 1853,
third in a class of which the late General
M'Pherson was head. After service of some
years at various arsenals as Ordnance officer
and at West Point as an instructor in chem
istry, he accompanied the army to Utah in
1858, at the time of the threatened war
with the Mormons, and remained in that
Territory till the troops were withdrawn.
In 1861, at the breaking out of the rebellion
he was Ordnance Officer, at the Washing
ton Arsenal, and continued in that responsi
ble and laborious position until he sailed in
the autumn with the Port Royal expedition.
After service of some months as Chief of
Ordnance at Hilton Head, he was transfer.
red to the staff of General l'ope, where he
held the awe position during the diastrous
campaign of that officer in front, of Wash
inaton. After Pope's removal he was as
signed to the staff of General McClellan,
and was with that great soldier at Antietam
and South Mountain. He nerved for a brief
period on the staff of General Burnside,
was relieved at his own request, and after a
few months spent in charge of the Allegheny
Arsenal, was made Chiefof Ordnance of the
Department of the Gulf, with headquarters
at New Orleans. Here he remained until
the war was nearly closed, when he was or
dered to Richmond, where he has remained
since that city was captured. He was Chief
of Ordnance on the staff of General Scho
field at the time of his death.
To those who knew Major Shunk, it is
needless to say anything of his great heart
and brilliant mind. Thoroughly versed in
the severest studies of his profession, he
spent his military life in positions of high
trust, and filled them well. There was no
officer of the old army better known than
he, or wanner friends than those whose
tears have been shed over his untimely
glare. lie was cut off most unexpectedly
after an illness of but a few days, in the
very maturity of his utrength. His memory
will long live dear to many a fond, womanly
heart, and in many a brave, manly one.—
The highest tribute that can be paid him is
to he found in the fact that those who knew
stiov - othita, one and all, with the
truest and tenderest affection.
P '' . l!'n l ll • ~ ., r e taken In Harrisburg for
interment. The ago of Major Shank was
little wore than thirty-fire years-- York Ga
A COLORED DELIMATE VINITSGRANT.—
The white Iladiads having failed to elicit
any decided expression or opinion frotnGen.
Grant, they sent a negro to try his luck a
few days since. The Evening rdegrant of
the 24th tells the story as follows :
General Grant had a novel sort of an ap
plicant for admittance to his presence this
morning. About half-past ten o'clock a re
spectable looking sable citizen wade his ap
pearance, and asked to have an interview
with the General of the Armies. lie was
told that he must send in his name, where
upon a colored citizen sat down an indicated
a letter to General Grant, in which he ex
plained that ho was representative of his
African brethren of the South, and came on
their part to discover Grant's views on the
topics of the day, and more especially re
garding the rights of the negro. The letter
was taken to Gen. Grant, who sent back an
answer that ho was a military officer, and
did not desire any conversation on political
topics. The colored delegate, however, re
fused to be snubbed in this way, and enter
ed into an argument with General Dent on
the subject. lie told Dent he wanted mere
ly to take back with him some comforting
assurance that Grant was the friend of the
negroes and that he deserved their support.
Dent informed him that when Senatcr
Wade called ow Grant the conversation was
devoted mainly to horses and not to politics.
The colored citizen said he did not want to
talk horses—that he took no interest in that
subject, but in other of more use to general
humanity and great political rights. Dent,
however was almost as reticent on these
matters as Grant himself, amid so the Afri
can delegate, after repeated efforts at pump
ing, retired disappointed.
ST. TIIONIAS ANI) el:BA.—Tho English
and French journals recommend Spain, in
view of our treaty for the purchase of St.
Thomas, to "set her house In order," pre
paratory to losing Cuba. It seems to be
their opinion that when once the Atnerhans
get a foothold among the Islands of the
West Indies, it will bo but a question of
time as to their obtaining virtual or actual
ascendency among them all. The question
of time, however, is ono which may decide
our own capacity for extending our acquisi
tions, as well as that of Spain for resistance.
If we pertinaciously cling to a policy which
divides and impoverishes the country, wo
shall be in no condition to require now pos
session abroad, or if wo do will only find in
them fresh elements of discord and weak
N' During the late bathing Season, a
pompous individual walked up to the office
of a seaside hotel, and with considerable
flourish, signed the book, and in a loud
voice exclaimed, "I'm Lieutenant Governor
of "That doesn't make any dif
ference," says the landlord, "you'll be treat
do just as well as the others."
The Wonders of.llllagara Re
The peat gale of last week produced
some curious effects at Niagara Falls. The
strong easterly gale sent the waters of Lake
Erie westward, leaving the ; Niagara River
and tributaries lower than ever before.
Buffalo Creek cruse low that all the vessels
in it wore grounded, and Niagara Falls was
a rivulet compared with its native grandeur,
The bed of the American branch was denu
ded that it was possible to travel in its rocky
bed without wetting the feet, and mysteries
that were never before revealed came to
light on that day. Rocks that heretofore
were invisible appeared in their full-grown
deformity upon the surface, and the great
was the consternation among the finny
tribes. The Three Sisters were accessible
to foot passengers, and many traversed
where human foot never trod with perfect
impunity and dry feet. Below the fulls the
water was fully twenty fcct lower than usual,
and the oldest inhabitant gazed in wonder
at the grand transformation. Near Suspen
sion Bridge, the celebrated rock at Witmer's
mill, upon which a drowning man caught
and was rescued several years ago, which
barely projects its head above the water, was
laid bare twenty feet above the outface.
When the gale subsided the water returned
to its original course, and "Niagara was
Spider's Bin or Fare for one Day.
In order to test what a spider could do
in the way of eating, we arose about day
break one morning to supply his fine web°
with a fly. At first, however, the spider
did not come frozu his retreat, so we peeped
among the leaves and there discovered that
an earwig had been caught and was now
being feasted on. The spider left the earwig
rolled up the fly, and at once returned to
his "first course.," this was at half past live
A. M. in September. At seven A. M. the
earwig had been demolished, and the spider
after resting a wile, and perhaps enjoying a
nap, came down for the fly, which he had
finished at 9A. M. A little after nine, we
supplied him with a daddy-long.legs, which
was eaten by noon. At one o'clock a blow
fly was greedily seized, and then immediate
ly, with a►, appetite apparently no wore for
indulgence, t►c commenced on the blow-fly.
_During the day and towards evening
great many small groan flies, or what arc
properly tormf.ii midges, had been eaught
in the web : of these we Vtni.ll.• d on* hnn
dred and twenty, all dead and fast prisoners
in the spider's nest. soon atter dark, pro
vided with a lantern, we went to examine
whether the spider was suffering from
gestion or inaily other way from his previous
meals, in stead however, of being thusaffed
ed, he was employed in rolling up together
the various little green midges, which be
then took to his retreat and ate. This pro
cess ho repeated, carrying up the lots in
little detatehmeuts, until the weL was eaten,
for the web and its contents were bundled
up together. A slight rest of an hour was
followed by the most iudustrous web !Haling
prose s. and before daybreak another web
wa 4 ready to be used in the same way.
The Gold Qoent lon In the Courts.
(laid and legal tenders arc coming into
collision in the courts, and the question will
have to be settled without delay, because
the balm.* cannot remain in its present un
even condition much longer, without se
riously affecting the commercial interests of
the whole country. The question will have
to be settled, too, upon the basis of com
mon sense• For instance, when it:is con
tracted that liabilities shall be met in gold
they should be liquidated in that material,
just the same as if it was contracted that
they should be liquidated in cotton, or iron,
or any other substance. But if the contract
con ails no such spiel ie.i.tion, Ihen it fbLovi 3
naturally, that the debt shall lie liquidated
in money, which moans the legal tender of
the country. This is the common sense
view of the matter, and this view, we have
very little doubt, the courts a ill take of the
subject when it comes before them for final
adjudication. As this time there is a con
flict of judgment in the lower courts, both
in this city and hi the West ; but the pub
lie rely upon the Supreme Court to put the
matter to rest Ly a prompt decision.—X
The coroner's jury in the oases of the
thirty-nine persons slaughtered by the An
gola disaster, on the Buffalo and Erie Ruud,
Bud their deaths were caused by the last two
cars being thrown off the track by a bent
axle in the forward wheels of the rear truck
of the rear car of the train, "the axle being
se bent (by causes which wo have been un
able to diteover) that the wheels dropped
from the end of the frog inside of and did
not lap on the wing rail, thereby forcing the
opposite wheals of that truck off the rail
mid the car off the track." The ear had
been inspected on that trip, but the bent
axle was not discovered, and could only Lave
been discovered by mechanical testa more
accurate than the ordinary inspection. The
cause of the disaster seems to have been all
of a character to elude ordinary or even ex
tntonlinary vigilance, and the verdict of the
jury will absolve the company from blame
in the general judgement of tbo public.—
Mr The Paris Exhibition building is
about to be eold, there being no further use
'rho Man who Mot at queen
The I3ri:iel► 31cdical Journal hays : "Atha'
twenty-seven years of confinement in a aim
inal lunatic asylum, during which his con
duct has been exemplary, and no traces
have appeared of Mental aberation, Oxford,
the potboy, who shot at her Majesty in Bt.
James Park, has ken liberated. Daring
this time many appeals have Leen made in
his behalf by influential persons who have
had the opportunity of watching his de
meanor and gauging his character. His
own story has always been, and was so con
sistently from the first, that the pistol which
he fired was not loaded. It will he remem
bered that no bullet was ever found. He
attributes the criminal act which he has ex.
putiated by long immurement, and which,
under a less mureiful government, must have
cast his life, to inordinate vanity, fostered
by a variety of' trivial circumstances in his
domestic life and training on which we
need not dwell, and which led to a senseless
desire to attain notoriety by soul means ;
and this criminal and foolish impulse led
to his lamentable crime. He has occupied
his time in a certain amount of self education
of which the means have been granted to
him at Broadroom, and in the asylum in
which he was formerly confined, and has
become a tolerable linguist. He has also
taught himself, and practiced 'graining,'
which he does sufficiently well to earn a
living. He Las been mercifully released,
but has ken very properly prohibited from
remaining in or visiting England.
Whether directly insane at the time of
his offenc.!, or led by a miserable love of no.
toricty, it is very right that the person of the
Sovereign should be protected from the van
ity of a man who,at however distant a
period, could commit the cowardly outrage
of which lie was the perpetrator "
Wangs of toe Worlltlngsvoinen.
One (lay last week, a starving girl caused
the arrest of her employer fur refusing to
pay her fur making woolen pantaloons at
16 cents a pair, while he, being a "middle
I man," received 00 cents fur the work, and
his wife kicked her out of doors because
she demanded what was her just due. Like
cases, but perhaps not so flagrantly outra
geous, arc of frequent occurrence. A cor
ms 'tide alle.attentien to he necessity of
legislation to protect the workingwornen,
and says •
"There are tlimisimd: of isnlaistruu.s wee
Men in this city who have to work hard for
$3 a Week—less than enough to furnish the
bare necessaries of life." "A class of mid
dle men and women," correspondent
continues, "arc persistently advertising in
this city fur good operators on linen coats,
and they pay only from S to 1.1 cents each,
four coats being an average days work-. A
visit to the !piece-paid factories of this city
as they arc called, *mild move the heart of
even the most stolid. There, crowded to-
gether in.ill-lightilt, badly ventilated rooms,
are hundreds of those half-starved, half-clad,
less than halt paid daughters of toil. Al
though still young„ the buoyancy of youth
has departed from their spirits, and the
glow of health from their cheeks. Sorrow
and suffering have plowed deep furrows in
their countenances, and still they are forced
to tcil though the brow be fevered and the
frame exhausted. This is when business is
prod. When the market is fill, and trade
dull the workingwonten is the first to suffer,
for then comes reduction of wages and loss of
work, and the poor girl, driven to despera
tion, has but one alternative—starvation or
a life of crime.. And 3ct in the midst of all
this, the employers are growing immensely
rich. While the Society for the Prevention
of cruelty to animals has seeured the passage
of just laws, and caused the penalties to be
visited upon the inhuman wretches that
willfully or carelessly inflict unnecessary pain
upon the helpless beast, who will interest
himself in the prevention of cruelty to wo
men, and bring down just odium upon their
oppressors." The communication closes
with: "The fellow who fired his store the
other day in order to cheat, the insurance
Companies out of 860,000 and is now under
I arrest, never had $6,000 worth of property
in his life ; but for years past bud beep
i practicing every kind el imposition upon his
employees, amid payed them in full only what
compelled by 1aw...---Xem Tribune.
Surviving an Execution.
The Italian journals tell a singular story.
A soldier who had deserted and taken to
a dag; wrs captured and sentenced to
death. Being brought out to the place of
execution, a firing party of five performed
their painful duty, and the sergeant com
manding there perceiving that the man WOA
not quite dead, gave him point-blank the
corp-de-graee. In the belief that this was
really the finishing stroke, the body waa
handed over to the grave-digger ; but as
night was approaching the latter postponed
his office until the morning, !caving above
ground what he naturally supposed to be a
corpse. The unfortunate wan, however, was
still alive, and the cold night air, by irrita
ting his wounds, revived him. rainfir/ly
he dragged himself to the wall of the enclo
sure, against which he manged to place a
ladder which happened to ho there, pit
over, although all bleeding and bin arm bra.
ken by the hullet%, and delivered himself u , ,
as prisoner at the nearest guard Louse. The
Ministers of War and of Justice cavil claini
this mutilated victim of me,tial law, bat the
beligris that he will be portioned. Sot.