Newspaper Page Text
LJd. W d
BY 0. N. WORDEN & J. K. CORNELIUS.
An IiHlrpcndrut I"ui:tily 'i Journal.
ESTABLISHED IN 1S43....WIIOLE NO, 771.
At 1.50 per Year, always In Advance.
LEWISBURG, UNION CO., PA., FRIDAY, JAN. 21, 1859.
AS INDEPENDENT F A MILT KLffSl'Apm,
Issued Frith if, at Lftcihunjt Cnion d.Ptt.
TERMS. $1 .51 jr ycr. t he pun 11 T-Trr nn t
at th Minn r..t fr a J-m.-tT r fti-'rt-T f -r i--1 . Tlm. .'' ;
eti y f--r four ra-ntli.7r t- for nix n iitl . 1 l .1.
f,.r eijlit mnt lis - f..r siit.vn iti"iittt-. :". J.'l.f.r to
yrarn. .. fr f-ur ropi.-x onr y:ir. ?lo for ti n -: -i. : r,n .
Jfr, Xf. in.-li- Vo.'-. S ctn. rrtvm-nt- ty ni n! .:i.I.
tt:Nirl in jr-'M. l-'-ta t.iraw,i.r t.snk n' -i - : ! ih.-ir
value Iuti. Mot kiu-l I'n'ltii. r-Tfivt-l lit tin ' Mir . !
yV,,iii tin lirut ftjiir-. fir wliiiii n i ;;--r i- ii.,,
(uuli--ii wf K i a tit tmin a-- 'tint it i !T' 'iTK!.
AtifbRTi-i M i xr.n li.T.i,iM.m. 1y 1 '1 i "i t ; t i-.-r
fjumrf k. "." fi. tit-h :ittr in-i-riinti. i -I i-r -is
til uilii. i f.-r var. II Ji n sou m 1.. rl s 'X
dol, :i Two i-'un-s-l ,M. 1 t.i, s nit. M.,ri t.-n t, a.-.
int ov-r nn-l' -"rill f it rolun.n, 1" f -r r. ':h--r
htf . 4 in iv t.t Tijr.f I itpnn. A in m- t - U I in t
mMI-'st tyi-. nr -!' tii-xt Inr'". A I ri in.-tiU .,' i
(leU""- triulciify, au 1 lar cit. n- t ;i !t:iitll. ,
tommui!i.uu..Uj t. . m . ... t.i ii.i--r-i
tilt Within Hi tiiii" of ar! izn or !! arm it r'iiti-t,:iii.i
arNriipaiii-l iln wnl'T'- r imim inni l it.-". i
Tiic M i VKI'IC I lit.K'J!: A I'll i 1 .1 m th- 'tlTirs-
ff tii.' 'Ur,,n:tf. l.y which Wf .1 .a lUMTl iuijH -11 .uil Nitty
la -1viiih- - (if thi-'riiiU'l.
Citiut-t--1 ritlt tii" ttiii -,. arv V riit ri il f.-r nr'-t
kia-lr JOB PRINTING, nhi.-li will .. nt.-.l ith
neitn.-": mi I il--';H-h nt 1 oil rr:Miiil i- t rui".
U n.Cin:i! ..I-vr!i!ni'Mit.- in U t-I I'-r uli- u J
in. uu i -I W i.rk vln .i.':i" r-1.
tr'i-10 K lHrlt S U irr, imrlli siiN-. M-r.i(tI -torry
Jj ituiug tlw liot-k Uiii Itv.
VK1KN A' ColIXn-Il'S.
MOMllY, Jt. It .ls.-).
per to each ether the vauilla cukes, the
luscious brioshs, and ices, were good, od
had their pleasures, but tho Polka Ma
zurUap have theirs too. Wbilo they were
thus taking, laughing, and p iping behind
handkerchief and funs, a little MitS of
asked, from another quarter, "when was
lady most beautiful ?" it was responded,
fiom the other "bound in red leather,and
gilded on tho edgo."
Thus it went on. Time flew, and they
were alike unmindful of the hour and tho
lost pleasure. "Wo must have pawns,"
sayg one, "but these plays have furnished
all winter, will be disappointed. Give I in our schools, is wrong in tendcncy,op.;r.
thiitctn, Mudem..i,elle Adeline, proposed ! none." "Well, let us p.ay p.geon-foie,
that they should " play plays." " May j proposed one. They were in such a train
plays I" c choed from ail parts wilh some ht if " leap frog" bad been suggested, it
thing like a sneering tone. Soon, howev- ! ngut have passed. This play furnished
. r, faees bean to brighten, handkerchief P- The Udiea took off their rings
r.. .;ju auj ,i, :-g to- j "l bracelets; the gentlemen banded their
geitier ttiey lurmel a cirele, as lor want o! ; pencil cases auu giovis given uui nut ai-
a better, Adeline's motion passed, and
becauic the order of the day. "Flay
plays Well ! what ?" All were silent.
do on, my dear Adeline," said Madame
tcrwards mated. Then, when enough bad
been collected, they began the disposal of
them. Then it was the Misses Henrietta
aud Adeliuc aud Mr. Georges showed their
them aa great a variety of food at possi
ble, such as corn, buckwheat, oats, barley,
Sic, with pure water, daily. Give them
fresh meat once or twice a week, or often,
er, if convenient, with an occasional feed
of boiled potatoes or apples. In shor',
make their feed as near as possible what
atinjr mischievously upon the
moral, and intellectual nature of tb se
whom it is designed to beneut.
tjr, whu expects a liberal rewar.l if his pa-
,..il uit recovers from naneernus illness; me
: important cause ; the Arliz.in, seeking riches.
ant feeling that stirrtq rirprnd? on his own
"The ulea of a christian school, was lo him
th natural result. to spealc, of the very
l. lea of a school itself; eiartlj as the id's of
a christian state teemed lo huo lobe involved
in the very idea of a state iteif. The iniel.
12. That we heartily recommend the : elf.irts; the wily Speculator, who, moved by Irctual training was m l for a moment oader-
thorouch use of Mental Arithmetic as the ' the love of rain, eniaies in hazardous enter-
basis of a sound mathematical education. ; P'ises, to the ruin of others ail manifest a
Report prepared by S.O.M'CuRUV. f d'"''r i bendme all thrir enersiesto
r r r J J , the attatnment of a desired object a dia;-
The HiTFFALOB TOWNSHIP TeArii- 1 nitv, ii is true, like that of the archangel
it is in summer, and not forget to give ! Er's Institute met at Farmersville, 8th ! rulneJ. "h'J
i ii i I 'lmifM nT.
them a free supply of oyster shells poumJ- inst, and after tho nsual exercises ad- Tii rirh or n-.n-. pwmmi, u.ii'i. ru.
. - i- ii it- , i . . Tlima muzht divine or fanly."
ed fine, or lime and sand. Mix lime aud jmrncd to meet at the Turtle Creek school hl . ,,,.,. . ,,.
house (Mo. it,) on Saturday, ZZ1 Inst, miration of men, becanse ihry ju tge by the
of t tic occasion." Adeliuc blushed a little,
looked arouud right and left, then enlisting
bravely said, " let us play fans !" "Very
good," was answered.
Adeline begins, turning to her right!
Auditor Gancrai's Report fcr 133S. "i?1''". " I e"c from Paris, and
tirougtit a Ian Mio umves her ng" uiiuu :
with the iiiotiou of tanning. Her right.
hand neighbor repeats the same, imitating
Puffatid, " 1 will make you grand mistress j ingenuity and wit, and displayed an avail
able memory. To oue a song was assigned
to be sung without the piano. Others,
verses to be recited muma,. ,as but
all as me"-! punishments. One lady was
sand as for plastering a bouse, let it dry
and place a box filled with it in oue or
er of the ben house, and it is surprising
how fast it will disappear. Hens will lay
some in winter without being to all this
trouble ; they mast have good, comfortable
quarters. There are other advantages from
having a good hen house aside from hens
laying in winter. Two or three wagon
loads of good home made guano, every
year, will soon pay the expense, and help
to raiu corn to feed them. And then,
again, fresh meat can not always be pru
cunjecis tor next meeting : .uentat Aritn- ; , - ; - -i-hil. , f sucn views at these !
. . h n ,. t t i l i n i iiwiittii ii'ji mr ifjrnfr wnu.rursirn
uciic, uy i: muiiira, iweauuig, uy i. l,. j WIIn the same love of
filthy lucre," yet with
out any inducement to etrrt, from the fact
that his salary is fixed, and ran not thereby be
increased, shows not even the dignity of a
renuine wh"le-hearted slave in the cause of
Mammon. His servitude, if not altozeiher
Tvjtitttp n,.mt..,; o-. . j on ' oi tnose quarry slaves who -at
.... , ...b t.v.u .uuv, . niht, scourged lo their dnr
Youngmm ; Composition and Declama
tion, M. B. Chamber. Abstract of Re
port furnished by Jus. Kleckner 1
Trie Leh-isburo & East I!i ffaloe I
rated, ana Ihe inaenmery of the school was
left to have its own way. lint he looked upon
the whole as bearing upon ihe advancement
of the one, and ol all instruction and educa
tion ; the boys were still treated as school
boys, but as scoool-bovs who mast grow np
to be christian men. His education, in short,
was not (according to the popular phrase)
bas-d upon religion, but was iiself rtligiuut."
Who that looks np.-n this snhject wun the
rye of a christian, will doubt the correctness
A spiritual kincdona
has been M-t up in this world, destined, event
ually, to swa!lw up all other kingdoms and
governments, not by the instrumentality of
snch carnal weapons as the false Prophet of
Mecca employed, but by the all-pervading
mizhlof a spiritual aeenc v. operating through
the minds an I ihe hearts, the lips and the
.:! t!ie ac
We extract from i Ii i document,
counts with ITnn.n and Snyder i
far as we could gather them in a cursory ex
ominaiitm. rsioi r,irTX, rn.
Lewi.shur; Bank, tax on dividends .""il
called upon to personify, in sonic way, . cured. They will lay if iLuj, have plenty
Xiobe, Mora, Diana, Zephyr, or l'ortuna, of corn ; and as this contains a large por
or tell something about them, however i tion of oil or fat, it may perhaps be sub
little : or to irive cpitauhs suited to each stitutcd for meat to some extent.
do do do M.i.-U
do Bridge Couipaiiy
do liuil.i Aociato'n a-t it:e.
H P. Shelter, real and personal i:tx
K. II. Laird, do
do tavern licenses
H. P. Sheiler, do
do retailer licenses
Ii. H. l.aird, do
do distiller and l-p'Tver licenses
do eating houses .Vc
H. P Shelter. do
11. 11. Laird, lilililia tnx
do p.mnii!,'t lau-s
Samuel Roiish, pi-ni!,otiotary f &c
ii'. Merrill, rejister and record-.-r
J. V. Pennington, late do
do collateral inhrriiar.ee
1 1 ii
C C. Wilso.v.
Kewfane, N. Xot. 1918.
The Wheat Crop is England.
ntwiTT Davis states that the wheat crop
iu England is greatly on the increase.
Total paid in
ratios: rnriTT. on.
Uceived for common schools
11. P. Sheller, al'ateuietit State Tax "i
Frick, Shier V t'o, damage ptioint vvotl,- I It!
Wor den it C irii diiis.a'ii-iiil. Con-.iiutnn lo:i
I one produciug bursts of gaity over the
the. movement. And so all keep waving m ot tue novel race. s .o me geu
back and forth the right hand without ! mcn, they were required to take ail sorts
Mo, ,.in.-,nn pain of lorfJit. Adeline says, ! grotesque positions, to say Greek, with
" I ..,..,. fr.,. l'nrls ,! lurn l.roiioht i,r the translation, to feign such and such a
fans," then the left hand carries on the ' profession, and to confess aloud the . Ho says : "Formerly the return of wheat
motion i;h the ri 'lit. Each one imitates ' tuougni wuicu ai, iuai, louiscai occup.cu "u"' ' m""
the motions of the young lady, though ! tllcir tului-
t!.. y can hut smile at the real' boarding j liut tbat wLicb creatci1 thB mosl mcrr'
fchool amusement, as thev call it. After i cnt, was the punishment of the fi.sh.
both hands, comes the right foot, then the j T1,e 000 ,0 loufit was assigned to repre
kft, next the head, aud there were laughs, I wnt this animal, was obliged to lay whole
aud Ohs I and complaints, until, failing kng'h UP00 Lis baek or if tbcy were d,a"
from mere exhaustion, the signal was giv- ' V0 to bo knicnt he eoai wcl'D0 P"'1?
eu for repose. Head, hand?, and feet had " 1'van. but tbcn tbe U3e of tho b3adi
bc.n aroused to acth.n ; the ice bad been : was st"etlJ frbiddeD. A lump of sugar
fairly broken, for cadi entered into the ' was eupended from a string, and made to
play with ihe greatest spirit aud liveliness, swing back and forth before Lis mouth,
Tired of fans," M. Georges, a colle- i WU1CQ Uc must cn,rJP ,n tne V "
izian. well versed in Greek exercises, oro- penalty of remaining,
prosed giving out a word to be introduced
members, holds regular meetings in the
Public School House in town ; and if we
may ju lgj by tiie general happy appear
ance of the goodly number in attendance,
al nij lymetit and improvement in
their literary socuuics. luey furnish
THE TEACHEK'J AIMS,
ronsldrrr4 as Inriatlxestu Falihrularssla klsWark.
An AiMre tN-fon- th I'nion O'untf Ttrh,Ts' IntuiuUt,
nt llrtltoo. Pa , U-e. sUi, las.
Bl A. SWlNKKilRD, Eu-
any taste for his employment, he feels himself
ur?d to the necessity of cme" through at I
Ih. frm. ,.r .1 f 1....U-. ! Dul ' 11
I,.. .I,,- . ..,;.- . ! Mich a work, who will estimate the aw
t...-. ... . j . i
dnngeons.-isyeisure-l .- j "iirn ana sane
ly more ignolde and de.establr. while, withoot 'u """"" Tm- o -
i.iu ,c ju. uminTiu- meir incipieai pre
naratim lor this work in nur common sehoolt.
j But il Ihey are destined to such an agency.m
live than to satisfy the vigilance of a Board ' w"rK- ""'"' '""ZX
of Directors, who might ,na moment turn his 1 a ,nP 'P""'D'"y " ." r";Vh0 sob-
f-d ...,r,n, a very unfixed fact af.er all! ' "X'' r ? T llJu. ob,t n iv
But enou-h has hcn . j . u. .u . i 1 serines for et-r. rai oDjecr. can say
the i, is ih, Li a'1,'J!huW lhat "h,n that he has laid a sb.ne in every church edi6c,
?Z!!r,: '' of " ,'"h7-' I and has a hand in everj- chnitian enterprise'.
n-;s in his work. aDr incentive to faithful-, ,,. majr nol he ls cdueiiB J
3. The next aim I propose to considpr. is ' "a'"7,1,"" " - "'"'m " lnn be eom.
lhat of Some teachers ar- in-1 '?J 1"'n' f r churches and all our
duced to enter the school room, from a des.re I J""1'0'"" "'''o'tons ! And ,f h. who Ma
to review and refresh early studies, ,o prose- i 'eJjr P"yS '"r !he SUrCes5 ,,f ",rT ""'
cute new ones, to learn human natur-. and ! "nd 'ver missionary, ran say ,hai he is help-
t" .ixrax.is nix; Kyxrt in CVCTf CnDTCO MTia
When firt askfd !o sprak j cultivate certain virtues. Now ihe existence
alienee of (he on fimt mntine(i,
before this Institute. I nuest.oned the propri- f ' -eessnly show the rZSSZ:
! time, a
for aa indefinite
40 bushels were considered a great crop;
but last year, (1857,) instances of 4!S
bushels were comparatively common all
over England, and as much as 61 and 72
bushels per acre, and even more, were
publicly stated to have been grown iu
Kent aud Essex." What say the rcaJers
of the Geuaee farmer to this ?
Tobacco. In reply to our offtr for the
best essay "en the best and earliest mode of
raising tobacco plants' a correspondent
facetiously remarks :
"Attach a good team to an eaglo plow,
exist together, llnt he who has the addition- 'l '", "J, nw wno w"'
a! a, ! .!f.imn,-.v...ni f...; P f"r,l lo declare the message of salvation
further reflection, it seemed that one who has I ,,!,..,.. r ,,. ,i. i .. . :.. . at home and abroad !
. .. -j .
ety of doing so by one who has had no expe
rience as a common school teacher. But, on
-that is.iheimprovirig to the ut
most ot which our nature is ea
inT In nnr mplnt nil nhrcir.l
mora! powers but the very consciousness ofi 0'.nt ''"! ff"rt: of the preacher are more
gaged, affords to the soul one of : , ' """-":u P"riwai improve-
Mr. E. was kept in this and raise them on the mold-board of said
Orwig Brothers, do do
Sitiieu county paid in all
do do ri-er.ved lark
T'nion county paid more than ree'd
Snyder do do
1 I.I' 'I
Total both counties
The following items of inKrellato-niis
pendilnre. struck us as of very ijiie-n.nia
George Bergner, for printing Proc'.ama- j broken, party dresses forgotten, etiquctto
tion for thanksgiving Nov. tsr.s s; !." put in the shade, they felt at heart fifteen,
Proclamations for thank-giving we should aU(j a0(cJ out its joyousness. Adciiue re
hardly deem an occasion for .peningthepub- entcrcl tba circie incliuing forward
lie treasury ; b it it an, printer is ra,d for rub-; f j . befjrc MlJ
lishing them, all should be. " ' 16
J. Smith & fon, freight on cannon from Duffand, asked if, when she was at board
Pittsburg to Williamsport ID ing-school, she had many difficult tasks.
E. C. Wilson, (Vljutani tieneral) contin- , j not being fond of such
gent expenses, in traveling, horse hire. , i
servants' wages. &c, connected with requirements herself, she liked much to
the Wiliiamsport encampment 10s wi(h tbn!e wll0 haj been, or were,
The pay of cannon, and -servants" of those a!il;c BfiIi(.u,,L Hem '." said Madame
who choose to display their vanitv at a mill-1 , , ,, . I
-, , . I., at a loss to make candle pass in tne i
tary para le, should eertamlv come from iln-ir i ' i
ownpockets. We reckon this is not theend of j cr. "Yes! it reminds me that they
the Slate's payment forthe Williamsport (Jen- rained on uie thick as hail, so that I de-
eral Training, (more commonly called - the i voted to them my evening recreation, and !
fizzle") Let it be watched. Freeburg, Belle- j my yMc pocket money wasspent in buying J
fonte and all other Encampments are equally canjiCS) tincc w0 wt.ro D0t allowed extra
entitled to come upon the State for their ex-!.. l4f , . !,.. ti.;. '
' light for completing tasks assijjnca. Ibis
I was a triumph. Adeline, though accus-;
t.tnw.d In (l,i HTprcup (lid not (TIlPQfl till :
Ncillicr Pianist, nor Violin Player. worJ As thc rule pcruiutcd, she named '
It was ten o'clock in thc evening, and tbree words : Light, money, and rccrea
in Madame Duftand's drawing-room was I tion.
assembled a brilliant company. All arc She then turned to the right, wherosat
gay, save one why that fad f ice ? Thc j Mr. Edmonds, a flaxen-haired youth of
rooms glitter with the dazzling lights, the twenty, who liked ladies' society very
bright fire burns with a cheerful blaze, I much, and bad the weakness to be always
refreshments of nice little cakes and punch j comparing them to flowers. Usually,
have twice been passed, and the gay com- when a lady addressed him, it set bun in
! , , .? - - --J
in a sentence ; lots were drawn to decide ! g"cawc occupation nine minutes anu a
who should go out, and it fell to the gentle 1uarter t0 tbo iufiuite """cmont of the
Adeline; she passed to thc neighboring 1 C0D,P1ny-
cabinet, and they agreed, speaking very I "Ono 'clock in tLc m0rmnS ! "t,',
loir, oti thc word , . Then, whatever eJ onc' l- "ll can ' be ro88lble !
question Mademoiselle Adeline igb, "icd they in chorus. It was really true.
ll . u ,.,j.uc - -i. "-"", oigt" can they
word rmt-fh; so aptly brought in as not to t,1"on'"g '-":cs and brilliant eyes, as
be easily guessed. This goes on (cried "LeT Put on cloak anJ furs- Well.thought
one) iu the most approved boardiug school ' M"J 14 . them co and lay their
si vie. Kor. as I have said, the ice was ' ucau0 ufuu J'"""' """" "-''' "t
Tranil.it. d from Vtt F.fn ft fr the rHtiJ urj rl,rrniel'.
those innocent amusements, though de
pendent neither on the pianist nor violin
placer. P"R rut lrwikhl-ro cnRosiei.i.
-1.0 TUT HAY FOB THIS TIME."
Come Mffiin. tbou tWivd Spirit,
I am youtiff and buoyant now ;
At Mm more ronT.iirnt amaon,
1 will bear thy voicf, and turn.
Ltfi-'i" attrartionn alt bi'Sre ma,
ifioiia briiclit ant flittinff by ;
Aom I ran not nn to JWua,
Aud dim't intfwi to fry.
Iff nnw tasrome a rhriatian,
l'!.-"iirr" aweet I mttat Tlen I
Anil tlira',m-ttoiin whi.ptra to or,
J'tvasunra will no uire tat mioa.
o thn, f,-r tlif pn-sent. Spirit,
Now. 1 ran nnl romr to Ood ;
By ami by. I'll h-ar tby whispsra.
And will tread Ibe narrow road.
1 will go fmra thee, poor ainner,
Siner thou wilt not bear my voire,
I am irrietrd. and Dow I Irate the.
Thou haft made a wretched cAotce.
Lifr'a attrartionp all b-f.r thre!
Viaiona bricbt arr flitttnc by t
And you know not Heath la coming,
Tu a aoicatn Iking to die.
Xniat wilt then be earth' attrartiona
All ttie l'-a.ure you baTe anownf
Vt'lirn to Judemrnt you are eummoned.
There to reap as JffU hart toten.
Grirrr not, then. poor, thouchtleaa ainner,
liM'a own Spirit Uiteaway;
Biit attend bin gentle whi.pera,
'Now, while it ia called to-day."
Comr and aerk. in Jranii, pleasure,
IMea-urea whirb will neVrdreay ;
And. Mot listinff nf tn-wvnrrnw
Come and aeek tbrm, now, drdiiy. AMICUS.
Tlie f.nie.cc Farmer, commenced
its 29th volume (new series) wilh Jan. 1855.
plow, and turn them under as thc team
proceeds across the field. This should be
done early in tbc morning. I consider
this tbe earliest and best mode of raising
Wheat is Vermont. A corrcspon
dent in Windsor county, Vt., says: "Thc
idea that manure makes wheat lodge, is
thc offspring of laziness. We often raise
here between forty and fifty bushels of
spring and winter wheat per acre, while
he rich farms of the west, without man
ure, scarcely evvr cacecu tweutj uu?ueis.
had some twenty years experience as an in- aiming at what is a most sacred duty of every I , V re' P'se'y. contemplating the
,M, r .b ih- K.i.i.,,1. eu..-! ' human being-that is.iheimnr.,v-.r,; m ih,' f wc,.rl tne Common school teacher in lh
and withal occupies a seat in a Board of
Common School Directors, might not be alto
gether out of his sphere, in addressing an
assembly of teachers and the friends of edu
cation. Ruling out. early onc morning, a few weeks
since, I overtook a teacher on his way to
school. We soon fell into conversation about
his employment, and I found he did not like
being so en
met purest anu mosi sausrving enjoyment we
can experience in this life. Says a distin
guished writer :
"Does not an inex;inguishable instinct tell
a man, that, by beconitng inre powerful in
intellect, more true in feeling, more wide in
knowledge, he gains a step in ihe order of be-
pabie. accord- i L'sh' ?W Pre,eA ' " appears lo me to
memal and 1 e advantage of every human agency.
' ' ' ,! tii ant lhat the efforts of the preacher are more
exclusively directed to the spiritual improve
ment of those lo whom he ministers, yet the
it. He said neither the scholars nor their ! ",c-''' wnen an the distinction of earthly no
parents had any idea of the nature or value ' b'1""' are but du a'"' u
r . . ,. . , , . an instinct imperishable a our immortality,
of an education. He had spoken to some to I assuring us that there will be one day a grand
commence the study of Grammar; but they , equalization, re-adjustment rather, of ranks,
said,"0, lhat is for no use !" He urged oth- j in accordance wuhthe patent of nobility from
ers to lake up the study of Arithmetic : but 'mignty t.o.t. possessed by each ! ies,
t ' ,..(i.L . a,.I, .il,.ttr. that 1 wan nlwav. M.r to Published mommy, it ma.es a yeany volume
pauy oi youug peoo.e o. oolu .ct-, , , ---- -- ---- , of doub,Molumn
bent on one end cniovtiicut. I5ut ho
does it happen that one countenance is so
sober 7 Madame DufTand, au amiable
lady of about fifty years, had invited all
the young people, on the occasion of her
daughter Henrietta's birth-day, to a fete,
with the promise nf a dance.
At the first arrival of the guests, two
letters bad been handed together, anuoun
- 1 : T . . I .1
A no 1, a tarna t l' I Ol ,JH1 UOUOIC-CUIUIIIU dgC, ami ,a aill'lliru
' . ' at 50 cents a single copy, 5 copies for $S,
was a source of constant annoyance to ; cnpi for The character of lhj,
him. "Mr. Edmonds," said Adeline, j vrk is well establishedaind is distinguish-
"why is it considered glorious for men to edfor the general practical nature of its arti-
kill each other in war?" "Aby?'' re- j cles, which are mostly short, and have many
pcated be, glancing admiringly at the ! Tiona illustrations. Specimen copies sent
I free nn application to the Publisher, Josira
Harris, Riichtstrr, X. Y.
beautiful golden ringlets of the young
- , . , T . .1. t " I I
maiueu. -x cau never Pui iu uorr.uio r. nab,i,her jssn the RuTlll ,..
word in there," thought he. "Yes, why ? , md n,timUxiral Dirtctm-y. yearly, con
cinff that Madame's cianist who usually ; and you must answer quick, or pay a fine : taining a large amount of valuable informa
officiated on Riieh occasions, could not ' that is the rule." "Well ! it is because , tion for I
officiated on such occasions, could not
come, having unfortunately sprained his 'hey fail of candles, which would enable
wrist; and from tho violin player, that, ' them to distinguish true from false honor."
owing to some unforsccn necessity, he had j "It is candle 1" cried Adeline, gaily. And
teen required to leave immediately for : without caudle, and with covered cars, Mr.
Jiruseels. This intelligence came like a
thunder clap to the good lady. "Henri
frequent reference. Price 25 cents.
for which it will be sent postpaid to any address.
(We club the Chronicle wilh the Farmer and
the Rural Annual for $2, cash in advance.)
The following articles we select from the
Jan. No. of the Farmer :
BOW TO PROtTRK F.W.S 15 WINTER.
Build a commodious hen house upon
These friendly greetings of teachers and
the official agents of our common school
system, we sec by our exchanges are con
stantly multiplying, and can hardly fail
of being useful, by stimulating each other
to greater zeal, and by imparting to each
the benefits of their experience aud obser
vations of all.
We received over two weeks after the
adjournment, a detailed account of the
Icte Institute at Hartleton. It is not of
sufficient general interest to copy in full.
We would state however that the proceed
ings occupied tbree days, tbe routine of
business being interspersed with discus
sions and practical illustrations of teach
ing in various branches: Formal ad
dresses were delivered by the President,
John A.Owens, and A. Swincford ; Essays
read by C. E. Haus, Miss C. J. Thomp-
son, S. O. MeCurdy, Miss S. R. Cron mil
ler, and P. P. Irwin ; and a Poom by C.S.
Tho following Officers were chosen :
President Joseph Kleokner. VicePres
idents Isaao King and Miss E. Kleckner.
Itcc'g Sec'y 0. W. Chambers. Cor'g
Scc'y S O. M'Curdy. Treasurer Wm
Geddes. Executive Committee D.Heck-
eodorn, C. 8. Swineford, 8. O. Kennedy.
(To be inaugurated at tbe next Yearly
Meeting, io Mifflinburg, Monday, Deo.
Among the Resolutions adopted, we
copy the following :
RewlveJ, 1. That we heartily approve i
of the present school law, and rejoice to
he met with lite same reply O, no, Ihey
could see no use in that! And the on
they seemed lo have of the use of a school,
was that of a convenient place to sport away
a few short months during the winter, when
the bare fact that I become a greater and bet-
. - icr man, larger in lartitty ana Knowledge,
ly idea mre ,;u., l0 comprehend this universe, and
glorify my God, lies the noblest incitement,
and ihe proudest reward of study."
And surely, to one intent on making ihr
the want of employment makes dull limes at 1 ."" "rpor""i. "ere are lew pla-
, . , . . ! ces which seem to aflord a better advanta-e
home. "Now. said he, -there are some teach-; frlhe cul:ival(on of snmenf ,h, npb,,st fac!
ers whom this slate of things would sun well ulties thi- .:... ....ur ;.
enough. They leach for pay and nothing else. I 'ne schoolroom, surrounded by children pf
If they can only gel that. it troubles them j "'rv eraJe of intellect and every variety of
very little whether Ihe scholars are benefitted
by their services or not. But I can not stand
this. When I take a school, my desire is to
it is impossible, I would sooner be out of it.
I am sick of the business. I have taught five
winters, and this shall be my last."
By this time, we had come up to the school
house. He went into his " noisy mansion."
and I passed on. My meditations then and
there, while riding slowly ever a rough road
on a frosty morning, on what had just fallen
from the lips of the teacher, shall be the sub
stance of my address to you this evening. It
may be comprised in a brief sentence :
The Trar.hert' Aim', considered at Incmtirct
to faithfuln'M in hit trork.
It is very evident, from th conversation
which has been related, as well a daily ob
servation, lhat the aims of teachers are not
all the same, that different teachers may have
very different aims, and that even a single
teacher may have several dislinetends in view
when he encages in this work. Now, ihe
proposition 1 mean to discuss, is, that the
faithfi:!tis of a teacher depends mainly, if
not entirely, on the aim or aims which he
proposes to himself in taking charge of a
school. I do nol say his itffulart or ire;
for it is evident lhat in order to these, some
thing more than a proper aim is needed ; that
is, capacity, education, skill in imparting in
struction, and so on. But what I mean is.
lhat, other thing being equal, will make the
best teacher ; he that propoposes to himself the
noblest aims, he will be the most faithful in his
work, and do the most good. Let us, then, look
at a few of the most common aims of the teach
er, for in such a discourse as this it would be
impossible to consider, even if we knew, them
1. And the first I mention, is lhat referred
to in the conversation with my traveling com
panion the pay. Is it, then, a fact, as rela
ted by him, lhat there are those who engaee
in ihis work wilh no higher aim than ihe
pay ? Now I am not going to say that this
is nol a proper object of consideration in ta
king charge of a school, and lhat the teacher
has nol as good a right to bargain for a fair
remuneration for his services, as men in any
other employment. Here, as well as else
where, " Ihe laborer is worthy of his hue.
To him as well as other men applies the pre
cept of the Apostle, " He that provides not
for his own, especially those of his own
honse, has denied ihe faith, and is worse than
an infidel." The truth is, lhat, as compared
disposition. The very difficulties he is com
pell' - - .vern.
nient of his charge, call into exercise and
j ...,.liue, those virtues and powers w hich
most ennoble the human character, and are
essential 10 success and happiness in evety
condition of life.
But, true as all ihis is, it is a!o true, that
the teacher is called into the school -room for
Something more than this. He is railed tfcere,
not fur his own improvement v-' mat ol" ihe
scholars. He accf r" compensation upon
he ostensible condition thai he will employ
his lime and talents, and use his best rir..rt-
for ihe improvement of those put under his
good that shall result fr.. in his labors depends
mainly upon Ihe impression he may succeed
in maklnc. . the course of an hour, once or
twice a week. But mc i.hrr', charges are
under his direct influence continuously, fi.,
hours each day, through all the week. And
though not called to teach religion in a for
mal and didactic manner, if so inclined he
may do it inairtarnerbettersniied to tbe capac
ity of his pnpils. and much more effectual and
profitable, in the infinite variety of little, every
day occurrences, associating it wilh all the)
concerns of ordinary lite, by precept and ex
ample, hint, look, and gesture. And just for
this reason, too this constant, unobtrusive,
yet persua-ire influence of a consistent, goil
ly, every dav life, has the common school
learher the advantage of his co-laborer in the
Sabbath School. Precious and hallowing as
is the influence of th Sabbath School teach
er, yet his direct labors, like those of Ihe min
ister, are mostly restricted to an hour or two
on Ihe Sabbath, and are confined lo Ihe tawui
autim oi religious trutn, rather than its prae.
tiral r "1 and Cra.ia.l aia,(r "H. 18
connection wnh every-day affairs, as is Ihe
case wuh the christian teacher in th every
day s, li...d. An. I when we reflect that manv
rniiuren rfceive notonty no religions instruc
tion at home, but all the influence brought
hear noon them in the r3mie, b a tendency
directly therevers-; and lhat manv others
though more favorably situated, from five
years npward, spena ,
waking hours earh day in the school than they
do in Ihe family, is it ion mnrh to say. lhat on
the character and influence vt inc. i. .
moch a any other hnman instrumentality, de
pend the character of rising generation, the
future prosperifv of the ePuntrv and the church.
and the eternal wel'-belng of thousands of
precious immortal souls?
ucn is a onei review oi some ol the in-
or a too selfish devotion to his own improve-
, ' . .... ., , , , - . . eentive to fjithfuiness which this work holda
tunc , atirn, ion uur iu iiirui. lie idllS in niS
duty, and betrays the sacred trust which is
given him in charge. It i. a sacred trust ;
and the more sarred the trust, the greater the
confidence which is abused, and the more hei
nous the guilt of the unfaithful agent. When
I repose such confidence in a man as lo en
trust to him Ihe management and safe-keeping
of my money and other property, and he
abuses that confidence and defrauds me, I
may indict him as a common swindler, or re
cover my property by other legal process.
But when I entrust lo him those Cornelian
jewels more precious than all earthly treas
ures the minds and hearts and future well
being of my children, and he betrays my eon-
nuence, inc law atlorits me no remedy. How
great, how sacred. Ihen. must be Ihe confi
dence reposed in him who has in charge Ihe
minds and hearts and future well-being of ihe
children, not of a single family, hut of a whole
district! How heinous ihe guilt of him who
betrays such confidence ! How great the in
citements to faithfulness with such a trust!
This leads us directly to consider what I
propose to discuss as a third aim of Ihe tea
cher, that is,
3. The Improvement of the K-hnlar. Here,
then, we come at length to sn aim befitting
the nature of the work in which he is engag
ed. Other men have chiedv lo do with ihe
tangible and material. They employ brute
force lo accomplish their ends. But ihe tea
cher operates directly upon mind. Il is his
ont to him who would engage in H from a sin
cere desire lodo giod lo those under his care.
But there is a higher aim even than this.
4. It is the fourth and last which I shall
present for your consideration. Call il preach
n g if yon will, but I feel lhat my task would
be left unfinished withoni it In aiming at the
highest possible improvement of his scholar,
the teacher is only promoting the great ulti
mate end for which they and all things else
weie made. The lowliest flower, the tiniest
insect, the meanest creature, are all designed:
in Iheir different vats, lo manifest forth the
glory of Him who created ihrm. Bnt how
much more the children under your rare, sn
fearfully and wonderfully made, with their va
ried faculties, iheir physical, intellectual, emo
tional and moral natures, wnh all their ra
pacities for activity and usefulness and enjoy
ment ! Surely, then, the aim of him whose
office it is to develope and improve those won
drous powers,shon!d be nothing less than that
for which the gtorions handiwork was origi
nally designed. And here. then, we have ihe
only aim at once corresponding fnlly with the
nature of the teachtf's work, and furnishing
the highest possible incentives to fatthtutness
in it. t.-r w hat other aim can reach bevnnrl
j that which seeks the glory of Him..of whonitnd
j Ihroegh whom, and 10 whom are all things "
And though such an aim implies in Ihr pos
j sessor of it lhat spiritual illumination with
out which he can neither truly know nor
peculiar office to mould and direct" the Intel'. ! I"'- af1'Jr''-V p-1"r."'jr iioA: T' t! ' not
know that more has been done for the im- 1 with the amount and value of men's labors in
provement of our schools, durioir the last other pursuits, the services or the common
Edmonds retreated to the cabinet.
So the play went on, enlivened by mi-
she said, turning to her il uiolitpr nv droll and witty sallies. They had
"if you had in the hast profited by your i laughed so much, and becoming tired of i some plan, only that there be a roosting
piano lessons:" JJut Miss Henrietta ! this play, Mademoiselle Henrietta propos-j apartment, a placo for feeding, with boxes
though seventeen years old, learned only 1 I "nonsense, or cock and bull story." j for nests. A good plan is to build id tbe
two or three great pieces a year, to play i It is played thus: A question is asked , shape of a parallelogram, with the roosting
at occasional festivals, and hud nothing ' me. from tho left, very low. I answer it, 1 place across one end. Ibe central por
now on hand : playing at first syht was and give one at my right, equally low. j tion can be used for feeding, the boxes for
altogether impossible for her. Madame i It is answered. When thc tour of the nests being placed around the sides of tbe
Duff.od comforted herself, at first, with i circle has been made, each one repeats : building, with a small place between them
aloud, tho question from the left, and i and the wall, that the bens may enter tne
adopts the answers from the right : this I nests on the back side. Build tho house
briugs them in singular connection. Thus, ! either of stone, wood or other material, as
for example, M. Georges, the collegian, may be thought best; but let it be warm
a-ked Mademoiselle Henrietta in what ac- and comfortable in the coldest weather,
. . , . . i ii
tion sho most admired Alexander the and so maae mat ncan db we .cu...ivu.
Great? The next desired of thc ccntle Procuro somo of the large Asiatic breeds,
Adeline what wis her favorite cake, and
re everlastingly obtaiued f.ir answer, tho frangipine, (pas-
, ,., T. ,
toe hope that among the many invited,
"ae charitable spirit might ho found pos
wilh the ability, having nimblo
P-fl and a willingness to use them.
Uj'4.' 10,118 could not play without their
others' lU'J haJ brJU'" !t '
et nit accustomed to play for
etern,! " - "-'"i""J '
SlOnini. . .1
' c' - ''"'id not play at
were rer- . .
j ,rV, : T, it the
IjfV 1 1
J - c I
.'a a,l iu-.i
try of creim and oltnnnd.) So "Alexan-
dt-r, i l-i fr-ingipme,"' could not fail to ex
as I have found, by my experience, that
tbey will lay in winter when the common
varieties will not, with the same treat
ment Hut thc ncrson who expects his
lis. ! Leas to Uy isach ia tu.uriier, afur "jipg
five years, than had been done for tweuty
2. That the County Sopcrintcndeney
has been the efficient agency in putting
tne machinery ot tne school law into active
operation in this county, and that we re
gard its continuance indispensable to fur
tber improvement and efficiency.
3. That while teaching, we will bore.
after labor more devotedly for tbe advance
ment of our pupils, and zealously improve
each moment in preparing for the better
discharge of our responsible duties.
4. That if parcots do not visit their
schools, and compel the regular attend
ance of tneir children, if practicable, tbey
do not discharge tbe duties which ihey
owe their children.
9, 10. That as tbe present compeosa
tion of female teachers is generally about
two-tbirds as much as men recoive in tbe
same employment and under the same cir
cumstanccs, it is a fact mortifying to wo
man and calculated to degrade her io tbe
estimation or the community, and it is
alike inconsistent and nnjust. That there
is no reason, if woman performs an equal
amount of labor, and performs it as well
as man, why sho should not be paid
equally as much.
J 1 That th"! practice ;f offering pr.-Si
school teachers have been hitherto too poorly
rewarded ; and I shall rejoice, if permitted lo
see the day, when a juster estimate of his la
bors shall secure him a recompense rujt a
whit behind the best-paid profession in the
land. But what I do mean to say, is this :
lhat when Ihe only motive for engaging io
this work is the pay, then, in the language of
the teacher above mentioned, " it troubles him
very little whether the scholars arc benefitted
by his services or not." He feels perfectly
at ease if they are content to remain ignorant,
not only of Grammar and Arithmetic, but ev
erything else. What need he care about thai
first, and greatest, and noblest of a teacher's
duties, which consists in arousing and draw
ing out and interesting bv every possible
means, the slumbering faculties of Ihe" mute j
inglorious Miltons" under his charge, so that
Ihey will acquire a laste for. and delight in.
Ihose very studies which before were dry and
irksome, and seemed of no nsr, when his
great duty is to gel his pay ! And as that is
fixed and secure at any rate, what more has
he to do, than just to resign himself lo kit
ease, take things as Ihey come, and let the
scholars frolic as ihey list T And Ihus it hap
pens, that Ihe desire nf money, which is the
chief incentive to exertion in most pursuits.
in Ihe case ot Ihe teacher whose salary is
fixed, has an influence directly the reverse:
il clips the wings of all effort, and makes
him ihe veriest drone on ihe face of Ihe earth,
because he is not only nseless, but is prevenl-
ihe usefulness of sjime one else at a post
which pf nil orhers demands the greatest vig.
i!ane find the ino untmn- rlT. r". Th' T. c.
leel and the affections. I'pon Ihe cultivation
of these, depends the character, the standing,
the usefulness, and the happiness of men in
every situation. By the early bent which the
teacher gives to the lactones and inclinations,
he determines in a great measure what his
pupils shall be in after life whether farmers
or mechanics or 'raders.or professional men,
or men whhont any occupation and he de-
be supposed that it is impracticable for any
out me teacner ol a rtestgneiry rhrtstian
school. Say the biographer of the piott and
learned Ir. Arno'd. before mentioned. -'the rr
lation of an instructor to his pnpils wan
to him. like all the relations of human life,
only in a hra'iliy state when subordinate
to theireommoii relation to God." And what
savs the command? -Whether ve eat ar
oi mm wiinoui mn orrupaiion amine fle- iw u . . ,, i .
termines not only w hat they shall be. but. lo a """k " hl'? " -ve d,' d"
great extent, their fitness lor the calling thev j mIT; : , " , P"'h!' '!'on,,m,r
may choose, their i.sefi.lness.theirenjoyments I ",P fmon concerns c-f Itfe.
and their success in it. It thus that he tZ.t j n , eT f"r
-stands at the fountain head of every human f ,,,,",''" "r. '" f'a command
enterprise. Oiher men may give shape and . " mm .nose nnsiness
character each lo his own calling. But the ' ", " , " 'ra(.n ,l,e ."""""-I minrf, w hich ahW
teacher gives shape and character to every i h.t -I..r"-" "" "J
calling. He has around him Ihe future wives I iZjl': . ...
and mothers, husbands and fathers, laborers. ! ,h. ,S "nl an iPrtn ihrnghr. that
craftsmen, doctors, lawyers, teachers. preach-' " .'V0' ,arn l,"r""d' " j'rt'
ers, law-makers and soldiers of his country. ! LT' a single enpaetty improved r-y
S.tl.ng in his humble and secluded school !, h ,h' P"'"' " V V,r
room, as wh the wand of th, enchanter, he ,' T" tM"W " ' T " " ?"
touches the secret springs winch regulate the " l I ' b f , 'i"1". Pr,Br'P!'
machinervof th, Jhol. IwK- r,..,,.,, u" i .". "tl habit r-pnlsed or roo
kingly swav extends far beyon d'lhe narrow ! ,T?!?'. -T.l' ! '". I". Vl"Tdw!
confines of his infant realm. His mandates. , I n D',r orJ'ei ol ,
graven on nnnensh,!,!, .,1.1,... ar- m 'T' ''nci,nt nMruroeni .a promotirg th.
torth, -known and read of all men." and exer
eise an influence more potent and permanent
than any lhat legate cr ambassador ever car
ried forth from pope or emperor.
But the teacher who aims at ih, improve
ment of the schotar,has vet even higher incen
tives to faithfulness. He must contemplate
thai scholar in all his varied relations, nol
only as a man and a citizen, but as a subject nf
mora! government It was a saying of IV.
Thomas Arnold, head.master of Knghy
school, who was so eminently successful in
training np christian boys forthe university. !
"the business o( a school master, no less than
that of a parish tninistrr, is thecureof sru.'s.'
H.j tfpetj,n,r tr,;: r,. ,
I divine glory! JVot more Irulv do Ittminon
I bodies reflect ih, ray. of the sun. than with
j cultured minds and hearts go forth, nne after
i. anoiher. the scholars of a worihv ear her. re.
fleeting his influence lo ivify and rnlightrn
Ih, world. Bui how unlike the evanescent
glory of those luminous bodies, w hen. by iha
divine blessing, th, highest resu'i of faithfnl
(eachi:.?, is aitained.m th, spiritual renovation
and enlightenment of the scholars! Then
will they contin tie io shin, with ev,r increasing
radiance when theX4.rbf day shall be btt.r,nl
from the firmament and everv rav of hi. gl
ry .h. ill have vanished awiv ; f- r rhen tt-rv
: need neither liehr of ilie n nrr of ihe moon.
I h-.t ibe lore of loe f. f li'-i1 nt the T'lTO
-U" f- v. , . -.'
1 rV7X 6P S) 1A J