Lewisburg chronicle. (Lewisburg, Pa.) 1850-1859, December 18, 1850, Image 2

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The Farmer,
OCT" We cheerfully give place to ihe
following communication on a subject of
practical importance to citizens of both
town and country. If the excellent pre
caution suggested by our correspondent
were generally adopted by the owner ol
horned cattle, the deplorable accidents
which sometimes send such terrible distress
and suffering into families, (instances, of
hich are still fiesh in the recollections ol
our readers, would be in a great measure
averted, and the liability of the owners of
cattle for damages, be avoided. And be
idea, on the mere score of economy, a
great saving would Le effected in lite addi
tional quiet, and consequent productiveness
of milk cows, when thus protected Irom
fear, and the violence of vicious animals,
herding with them in the same enclosure.
We Lope the advice and excellent example
of -"Mount P.easnnl," will be generally
adopted by his brother farmers in this
vicinity ; and by alt our citizens in town
who own horned cattle, especially if they
are known or suspected to be, in any de
gree, unruly or dangerous. Ed. Chrun,
For tit Lewistnrg Chronicle.
Mr. Editor : Since you have given a
portion of your paper for the btriifu of the
farmers, I will undertake to pen a few lines
for their benefit, hoping that these few lines
may encourage some abler pen to rite fur
that department. It i a well known fc
that cattle are apt to hook each other, nil
seasons of the year, and especially at this
time, when penned up in the barn-yard,
they seem to be much worse on account of
the cold, chilling winds that are so common
at the beginning of winter. It seems as if
they wanted to warm themselves by hook
ing and goring the weaker ones in the yard.
A considerable portion of stock is lost or j
injured in this way yearly ; and sometimes
horses are killed or injured by horned cat
tle, and persons are not altogether safe in
handling some of them. Every year or
two we bear of some person being killed by
some savage bull. ) am satisfied that a
great portion of the injury done in this way
can be avoided, by putting knobs on their
horns, and it appears lo me to be the inter
est of every person that has cattle to have
those knobs, well secured, on their horns-,
to prevent at least some of the harm done
in this way ; and there is no one that can
say that he can not afford it, if he looks to
bis own interest, the cost is so trifling, that
I would recommend the brass knobs. They
are handsome and durable, and can be
bought in Philadelphia for fifty cents per
Dec. 11,1950.
Prnhatilv one of the chief causes whv
vegetables of different kinds, particularly
JScota. beets, and turnips, rot so soon af-Jf t
ter beiifg deposited in the winter bins. fl
the want of proper care in ventilating lie
cellars in whi-h they are deposited. fl'he
Germans, whJ are fa,ned fu' their exem
plary domestic, economy, are Wgjidly cir
cumspect in tbwsr,icu,ar- r
most of their houses, ere is acommuni
cation maintained betuRT" '' cellar and
the principal chimney, in Cer to facili
tate the escape of noxious ac-JT stagnant
gases, engendered by the vgjstable and
other contents. The nir in cellars from its
rapid deterioration and impregnation by
nauseous miasma, soon becomes highly
deleterious to heal'.h. CerkshireCuIturisi.
Vegetable cellars, in addition to the ar
rangemejit for ventilation promised above,
should have double sashes to the windows,
with a space not less than six inches be
tween them. A confined space of air is
the best non-cond-... -r known ; and win
dows thus arranged, secure sufficienHiiihl
and entire protection from frost. Work
ing Farmer.
Agricultural Bureau.
In surveying the various interests of the
country, no one can fail to observe how
little has been done by government to pro
mote the cause of agricultur. It is true
the cultivator of the soil, in common with
II other classes of society, enjoys the pro
tection of the laws and the blessings inci
dent to good government. But something
more seems to be due to a branch of indus
try which employs more than half our pop
ulation, and.o a great extent, sustains the
other. r
The power of the general government
over this subject is limited, but this fur
nishes no,good reason why it should not
be exercised so farts it does legitimatily
CXten1- . t . IT J
The ordinary means adopted to auord
protection to the manufacturing and com
mercial interests are comparatively inope
rative) in tronrA In iho agricultural. A
-- o
tariff can do but little, direetly, to benefit
the farmer or the planter. The staple pro
ductions of the South are peculiar to that
climate, and therefore are in no danger of
Mrfiiinn from abroad. Those tf the
North and West, in consequence ofthe fer;
tititv of the soil, and the low pr.ees at
which land can be bought, are produced a.
less cost there than in other countries, and
consequently, except under extraordinary
contingencies, need no protection by im
posts ou the brradstufTs of foreign oations.
But still much maybe done by govern
men!, at a nr COit' lo Promo!" in
teresta of agriculture; The science is j el
in its infancy , and great minds are now
d. reeled I a study and d-.-rebtpinrm of i-
true principles. Experiments are in pro
cress to ascertain the qualities of different
soils ; the comparative nutritive properties
of different animal and vegetable produc
tions ; and the utility and efficiency of va
rious manures in fertilizing and renovating
the exhausted lands of the old Stales.
Encouragement may be afforded to en
terprises like these, and facilities furnished
for the collection of seeds, plunts, and veg
etables, from all parts of the earth, and
their distribution throughout the country.
Premiums may be offered for the best
practical treatises on the diffeient branches
of husbandry, which can be published and
sent abroad among the people. By means
like these a spirit of philosophic inquiry
may lie stimulated, and a great impulse
given to the interests of agriculture. Much
l::is a' ready betn done in this respect
through the agency of the Patent Office :
but the subject is too important to be left
in ibis depct.d -nt condition. The last
nual report from the department recom-
n ended the establishment of an egricultii-1
ral bureau, to afford to this great branch cf
American industry the encouragement
which it so well deserves. This is no
novel suggestion. It hud the sanction of
Washington, who, in his last annual mess
age, referring to the propriety of creating
an agricultural board, said : " This spe
cies of establishment contributes doubly to
the increase of improvement, by stimula
ting to entcrprUe and experiment, and by
drawing to a comniru centre the resul'.s,
everywhere, of individual skill and obser-.
vation, and spreading them thence over the
whole na. n. Experience accordingly
has shown that they are very cheap in
struments of immense national benefit."
I therefore renew ihe recomendation of
my predecessor for the establishment of a
separate bureau, to be intrusted with the
du!y of prfllllo,;nt, trie agricultural interests
of the country. The vast extent and rapid
development of the mineral resources ol
the country seem to require that adequate
provision should also be made by law for
ihe collection and analysis of the various
mineral substances which have been or
may be discovered, so that their properties
may be understood and their value correct
ly appreciated.
The purchase of a farm in the vicinity
of the national metropolis, to be tilled and
managed under the direction of the bureau,
bus been suggested as an important aux
iliary in illustrating the best modes of cul
ture. If this idea should be favorably re
cited, I would respectfully add that Mount
Vernon, whose soil was once tilled by the
hand and. is now consecrated by the dust
of thii Father of his Cmntry, should prop
erly belong to the nation, and might with
ryent propriety become, under its auspices,
model farm to illustrate the progress of
hat pursuit to which he was so much de
voted. Repori of the Secretary for the
Department o!" the Interior.
Flax Cotton.
A very important event his recently
taken place in Manchester, England. It
is nothing less than the spinning of flax on
cotton machinery w ithout any alteration of
ihe same. The flax was prepared by a
new process rerently introduced into
Britain and Ireland. The London Morn
ing Chronicle states that " rovings and
yarns, spun on cotton spindles without the
slightest alteration having been made,
were produced ready for weaving, and the
strength, color, and r,uality of the yarns
were every thing that could be desired. It
is- intended toexhihit the whole process at
,ne great u "'""S
made Irom it. 11 ilux can be manuiaciurcn
by cotton machinery at but little expense,
it will have a tendency to supersede cotton
fabrics in a great measure, but perhaps the
announcement is merely to touch the sen
sibility of cotton brokers.
Fisher's Atmospheric Washing Ha
chine. Letters of Patent were granted on the
5ih ult., to K. A Fisher, of this place, for
a washing machine, under the above title.
A fair trial, which the inventor has given
(his machine in his on family, enables
him safely lo reeomnend it to the public.
Any garment which can be washed clean
by hand, or otherwise, can also be washed
clean by this machine, in less time, and
with less labor. Hcsides this, it possesses
a property in which most, if not all other
washing machines are lacking : namely,
in- washing quickly and without the least
injury to the clothes, it being constructed
on the pressure, instead of the rubbing sys
tem. Sunbury Gazette.
A Pair of 'Em liditor IIickok, and
Publisher VowE.t, of the Lewisburg
Chronicle, are in'.ebted to a certain Dr.
Locke, for a brace of ChristmasTurkeys.
That Doctor evidently understands prin
ters' complaints, aud, instead of having
,.,.., . , n
nis - pnjsic in.. Mw-ujj-.
f 11 1 1 J ,L. .Ir.Mtinn. nF lhA
OOUOI Oe lOCKrn UJJ III siiw,iiuh i"
Chronicle men as an M. D. without a
, g s, , . , oW t , a dose of
,i,e Mme klld o( medicine from some one
of our patrons who has a flack of physic
of the same sort." llollidaytburg
A. J. Downing says, "I have seen the
roots of strawberries, extend five feet down
into a rich deep soil ; and those plants
bore crop of fruit five times and twice
as handsome and good, as the common
product of tbo soil only one foot deep.''
H. O. EICKOK, Editor.
O. N. WOEDEH, Publisher.
At J1.50 cash in advance, $1.75 is three month, 2 paid
within lb? year, and $2,0 at the end of the year.
Agent in Philadelphia V B Palmer and E W Carr.
Lewisburg, Pa.
Wednesday -Morning, Dec. 18
ADVERTIZE! Ixeeutnn. Atlniinutratom, Publle
Officer. City and Country Merchant. Manufacturer.
Mechanics, Business Men all who with to procure or to
dispose of auythior: would Uo well to give notice of the
Raine through the "Lewi&urg Chrxmiclc.' Thi paper ha
a good and increasing circulation in a community contai
ning aa larice proportion of active, solvent producers,
consume ra. u'-i dealers, as any other in the State.
vsns of Union County.
1840. 1850. Increase
t South Side.
West Beaver, new
003 238
New Berlin, Bo.
j l'1
North Side.
1348 1538
East Buffalo
West Buffalo
Limestone, new
LcwiLurg, Bo.
MifSitiburg, Bo,
White Deer
1007 )
. 807 y
11,089 13,205
22,709 20.284
fiThc above does not prove, exactly,
but is as near as we can make it out at a
lato Lonr from the data at our command.
Astronomical Discovery.
The Pottsville (Pa.) Academy, Las late
ly acquired some distinction in the hcien
tific world, through one of its Professors,
Daniel Kirkwood, Esfj., who has discovered
a new principle in the laws of the Plane
tary System, which is pronounced by emi
nent astronomers to be of great importance,
and " exquisitely beautiful." It relates
to the rotation of the planets on their axes,
and is thus elated in the Professor's own
language :
" The Analogy in (he Prriod of Rota
tion of the Primary J'mies. Suppose
Venus and the Earth in conjunction, and
call the distance from the latter to the
point of equal attraction between the two,thc
innerradiusof the Earth's sphere of attrac
tion ; let the outer radius be found in like
manner when the Earth and Man are in
conj auction ; call the sum of these radii
the diameter of the Earth's sphere of attrac
tion; find the diameter of another planet's
sphere of attraction in a similar way; then
the connection between the periods of ro
tation will be expressed as follows : The
iuiiare of the number of a jtrimary jilanet's
days in its year u at the cube of tlie diam
eter of its rjJu re of attraction."
But eue discovery usually lcadon to
another. This it alwavsij'et Agrijjriwcijpe.
By the application 5r luisftlfheovcry, says
the Emporium, Mr. Kirkwood has compu
ted to the entire satisfaction of our as
tronomers, it would seem, the size and
revolutions of the lost planet, which had
its place between Mars and Jupiter. As
this planet never had a name, because in
an unlucky hour it was fractured into
Juno, Vesta, Tallxs, &c, before the other
planets were nameil, Astronomers have
called the lost planet " Kirkicood," and
tIie namc aml fame of tilis fortunate diS.
covercr, will thus be made as immortal as
man's record of the heavens. The " An
nual of Scientific Discovery" for 1850, in
discussing this subject says : " At some
future day, the world will speak of Kepler
and Kirkwood as the discoverers of great
planetary laws." Prof. K. is a native of
Harford county, Maryland, and is entirely
self-educated, a circumstance that adds ad
ditional lustre to his achievements in sci
ence. An alarm of " Fire," in our Borough
on Saturday afternoon last, brought out a
swarm of people and the Engine, in double
quick time. It proved to be, in the Ac-
ademic Department of the University, on
j the Hill, where fire.hail communicated to
i the wood-work around a flue; but, fortu-
nately, it was observed by a few of the
students, who had remained some moments
after the closing of the business of their
Society, and by their ejolncss and activity
soou extinguished the fire,' before it had
done any considerable damace. But for
them, in all probability, that valuable
threa-story building, with the Mechanical
Apparatus, Library, Desk., Ac, would
have been cousumed.
Our Maine Farmer states, that the lire
by which 25 person perished in the Lu
unc jasvium 01 uiu rsiaic, was communi
.:- a ...l . s.i.., c.i r
cato(, th ,,.a flue from hcat wJjich
. . . 1 ' . '
had been long in use.
far a " national w nig paper is pro
jected at Tlarrisburg, supposed to be de
signed to oppose the State Administration.
If so, it will find a slim-support from the
masses of that party in the land of Penn
and Franklin.
gftf- Farmers will of course notice their
County Meeting. The State Convention
will be held about the middle of January.
ait-W'e Lave now on hand an assort
ment of Blank DEEPS, prepared after
the most approved form!.
With the rst Chronicle for January we
purpose commencing the publication of the
Private Journal of our young friend, Wm.
Hayes Chamberlin, describing, minutely,
the long, painful, but interesting route by
the River GILA an entire new field of adventure and of
observation. The Journal la well written, rare in style,
exceedingly entertaining, minute tn its details of every
day experience of joys and sorrows, and will be found
entirely different from any puMfohcd narrative of the
Overland trip to California. From a hasty perusal, we
believe it to t in many respects of more popular interest
than Fremont's or Emery's. en.Those who wlh to read
this Journal, should suleeribe by the 1st of January,
that we may know how many extra copies to printr
Jbaj"Cul. Christ Las Landed in the fol
lowing curious records of former days,
which he clipped from the Pottsville
"Journal." It will be seen that there were
open winters before this and also that
Philadelphia has gained considerably in
fifty-seven years !
Reminiscences of the Olden Time.
People are apt to say, at this time, there never wsa such
weather in the winter months before, but the following
extract, from a Journal kept in January, 176, will show
the mistake of such assertions :
1766, Jan. 5. TVwtsy the rain ppoils Mie sliding-.
- - 9. Hitch wind, and hard ra.n last night.
" 1! Warm and pleatsn:.
" 17. I'lenty of rain and mud.
M 21. I'lenty of rain. mud. and warm.
w - 22. Fax weather, brings fair news. We hear
Col. WaehingUm has taken Fort 1m
" 27. A l:rl.t snow last night, not exceeding half
" 2;'. No suow to be seen.
M ' 31. Remarkably warmanlpleasant;Uttleorno
frost in the irrouDd. Snakeeappear above
gmnnd, of which I killed two thia day.
u F-b. 3. Still r. markably warm ; the frogs peep,' and
rrapshnppcrs appear plenty In the fields.
M 7. It is surprising to see winter turned into
stimuirr: boy beirin to walk bare-footed,
and the men Uiiuk of ploughing and
planting, and lomo people arc actually
- M H. Nowcimccoldwindsandsquallsofsnow,sVe
The following is the state of the votes taken for Gover
nor, throughout this State, the returns being opened by
the President of the Senate, In the presence of both llon
ser. on Saturday, DeceawtxT 11, 17W.
jr nr..
V.rk count-,
II ilford.
"iie,i( r,
II rk-,
I lew are,
( uuiti-Tialfl,
l-nt jomery,
I -.iir-auli r,
l.'U- rn
rtii!nlc!phia ro'tntr,
l'hiladtli'bia city.
fa 14
if .a
2c H
l.'.59) ll,7l
With some few scattering votes, not worth attending to.
t&r We sometime ago gave our readers
a stateWnt of the population of the towns
on the West Branch, exhibiting the pro
press of Lewisburg in ten years. As an
illustration of the general business of our
town, we may here state, as an evidence of
the value of our trade with the North
Branch country alone, that in a period of
three weeks, from Nov. 10th till about the
8th of December, inst., there was shipped
from Lewisburg to Pittston, and other
ports of the 'Wyoming coal region, 3,690
barrels of flour; 5,141 bushels of wheat ;
and a large quantity of corn, mill-feed,
butter, &c. &c. In the same period, 1,000
tons of anthracite coal were received in
Lewisburg, some from the Shamokin mines,
but the grea.Ur'fS' from Wyoming valley.
The trade ttwecn this place and the North
Branch has been proportiouably active
during most of the past season.
taJ" The " Ptnntyhania Intellijenter"
is the proposed name wf the new paper at
M'Eweusville. If Mr. M'Curdy of Harris-
burg don't object to this appropriation of
a name he has used for his journal a.dozen
or fifteen years past, and is still sailing
under, it is proposed to start an opposition
at New Columbia with the still grander
appellation of the " National Intelligencer."
By-thc-by, we hear it suggested that if
any more " Union Meetings" are necessary
to save this glorious republic from tumb
ling into " pi," Smoketoicn is very centcal,
and would be the proper place for holding
Braf" It seams we were slightly in error
jj one of our editorial statements last jreck.
We xre informed there is but one dutiuery
in Bjlfalo township. The two new ones
going up are in West Buffalo.
IWThe " NewYear'a Giftof Uncle
Ben, was sensible, timely, useful, and
every week reminded the family of the
giver. Reader ! could you not do a similar
service in the same way ?
WST The object of the Sale on tbriHrnaa
Eve, noticed in another column is to
furnish the Students' rooms now alnut
ready for occupancy, in the Univcrity
building just completed.
S?S Don't want any more Corn at this
office a few bushels of clean Corncobs,
however, we would prize highly, as they
are capital for starting coal fires.
The LevThburg Pout-Office
Is now open from 7 A. M. till 12, M.
12 J P.M. till 4, P.M.
4j P.M. till 8, P. M.
MaT People n town who own horned
cattle, will find a communication of interest
t them in our Farmer's corner.
e e . .
HA.We hawfio further returns of the
Subscription for Telegraph jtock.
The SrcAKKHsaiP. Col. Eli Slifei,
of Lewisburg, and Representative from the
Union district, is named in connection with
the Speakership of the next House of Rep
resentatives in this State. The Col. is a
good man and clever fellow.and we regret
that the House will be so strongly Loco as
to leave no hope for hit election. The
Whigs, however, can show their good will
by giving bim their united support. Mun
cy Luminary.
Selected for the Chronicle.
Peace Be Still.
Aix "Oo fbrret me; why should sorrow?"
Ones apon the heaving ocean.
Rode a bark at evening lime.
While the waves, in wild commotion.
Dashed against the vessel's aUI.
Jesus, sleeping on a pillow.
Heeded nut the raging billow;
While the winds were all abroad,
Calmlv slept the Sun of Ood.
In that dark and stormy hour,
fearful ones awaked their Lord ;
Je.in, by his sovereign power.
Calmed Uie tcmpset with word.
On 1'le's dark and restless ocean.
Mid the billows' wild commotion,
Treml-ling foul, vour Lord ia there;
lie wiU make jou stiU his care.
Jems knows vour silent weeping.
When before His throne you how;
Ne.er. never is be sleeping.
Where He reigns in irlory now.
If ihe world is dark before Ihee
if die billows, rolling o'er thee.
All thy soul with terror til
Heir him uying, - Peace be atUll"
y-Tl.s following translation, furnished
for the Chronicle by a valued correspond
ent in Northumberland, came to hand too
late fur last week's paper, but will lose
none of its interest by the delay. It proves
that Brother Jonathan is as fopd as ever
of titled foreigners, and has lost none of
Lis omniverous appetite for Lumbug, in
whatever bhape it may be presented, and
whether of foreign or domestic manufac
ture. The New York " Cronicu," (Spanish)
publishes a letter from Constantinople,
dated 25ih Oct. last, from which we trans
late the following :
"The United States have been hand
somely taken in. We have been much sur
prised at learning the eccentric manner in
which an individual has been received in
that country, who has passed himself ofTfjr
Envoy aud Ambassador cf the Ottoman
Porte, w hile he is nothing more than sim
ply a naval officer, ordered to the United
State to study naval architecture. This
imposture is without a parallel in annals
of history, and were it not that we live in
n age in which the press is able to remove
i tic evil lr m the audacious, aud explain all
ibings it iniyhl pass unnoticed. The fol
lowing particulars speak for themselves.''
" A short time before returning to the
fJuihd States, Mr. Brown, Interpreter to
lie American Legation in Constantinople,
explained to the Turkish government the
advantages it would derive from ordering
an inteligent young gentleman to the United
S ati-s to stuly the naval architecture of
that country, in which there had been made
many remarkable advances. The Minister
of Foreign Relations, embraced the idea,
and confided the charge to the young mar
iner, Emin Bey, with the rank of Kaima
kan, equivalent to that of Lieut. Col.,
which in the Turkish navy is ol little im
portance. Emin Bey left Constantinople for Genoa,
accompanied by Mr. Brown, and they con
cluded to embark for America on board the
U. S. ship Erie, merely for economy.
Mr. Brown had abandoned his post withou'
permission from his government, and, cer
tainly with the intention of giving a grace
ful appearance to his desertion, took ad
vantage ofthe opportunity, and gave such
accounts as to have Emin Bey received in
New York as Ambassador of the Ottoman
Court near the government of the United
States. All that the American papera say
about the diplomatic mission the same
Emin Bey had been employed in near the
Musknt, in hi embassy near the court of
Austria, and of the council he had given
the Grand Sultan residing the couise he
should pursue during the recent difficulties
with Russia and Austria, in regard to the
question of the Hungarian refugees, has
been an invention, a ridiculoua farce, with
which the press and people of the United
States have allowed themselves to be im
posed upon. When the press finds out
what a ridiculous part they have performed,
in paying attention to unauthorised digni
taries, they will repent of their excessive
condescension, and there will remain noth
ing for them to do but to overturn their own
fabrications, that is to say, to give the lie
to all their accounts of the mission and
antecedents of Emin Bey.'
' For th Lewiatmrg Chronicle.
Mr. Editor : I see in your last number
an allusion to the temperance cause.
Now Sir, for one, I think the temperance
men should petition the Legislature this
winter fur an alteration in the licence law.
My proposition would be, to have the alter
ation instead of twelve signers to a petition
for licence, should be the majority of the
voter of each district on the petition in
favor of said licence before it could be
granted by our Courts. There area great
many reasons that could be brought in
favor of such an alteration which I will
not mention now, but hoping that some
othet persons will give their opinion on
petitioning to the Legislature on said altera
tion. Yours, Ste.
Drinking During the Holiday!.
The National Temperance Society has
sent us a circular, requesting us to say a
few word", especially to youug people,
about drinking intoxicating liquor during'
the Holidays. A tract on the subject, by
Charles Hoover, Esq., editor of the New
York Organ , accompanied the Circular.
The Circular is signed by John Falconer,
Prest. Mr. Falconer is one of our wealthy
merchants, who emptor his money a a
steward, in doing good. He is a man of
active benevolence, and doe a great deal
of good. There is one custom, in our
home mercantile trade, which is a very
bad one ; we allude to the custom offeojpe
merchants having clerks, who aw com
pelled to board at public hotels, to grab
country merchant forcustomer, by treat
ing them and attending them to public
places' of amusement and resort. This
custom of drinking at Christmas and New
Year is very pernicious, and should he
broken up. Every lover of hi fellow
man must be pained to witness so many
persons, and especially young men, reel
ing drunk in our streets, on New Year's
United States Senators.
The Pennsylvania Legislature will meet
on the first Tuesday of January, and on the
second Tuesday a U. S. Senator is lo be
Since the national governmont was or
ganized, the Western part of Pennsylvania
has had 6 Senators, whose terms of in
cumbency altogether have been 48 years.
The Midland counties have in the mean
time furnished 9 Senators, whose united
terms of incumbencey number 48 years.
The Eastern part ofthe State has had 5
Senators, and their added terms of incum
bency make 25 years. This region of
the State has one fifth the total population '
of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia city bad 3 '
.I these Senators. i
Northern Pennsy Ivania bus had one Sen
ator, ho served six years.
It is said by co: respondents at Washing
ton that the reply of President Fillmore and
of Mr. Webster to Governor Seabrook's
demand, why so many U. S. troops were
concentrated at Fort Moultrie, has been
received, and creates a sensation. The
President replies, in substance, that this is
a question which the Governor cr Legisla
ture of Soulh Carolina has no right to put
that by the Constitution he is Commander-in-Chief,
and ha9 n constitutional right
to dispose of the U. S. forces in barracks,
when he considers it best for the public
interests. As he is not responsible to State
authority for his action, he respectfully
declines answering the inquiry. This is a
very proper reply, though State pride may
receive a shock by it. The State should
not, however, make impertinent inquiries.
AcciDEST. When the Pottsville stage,
on last Monday night, was passing the
lollgate at the Danville Bridge, and the
two leader horse had just passed through,
ihe gate which is suspended by ropes,
suddenly fell down ill front of the driver on
the backs of the wheel-horses. The coach
tore ihe gate into fragments, and the horses
ran at a furious rate up town, but were
stopped by the driver a soon as he had
recovered from the stunning effects of this
sodden closing of the gate upon hiin. It
was a lortunnie circumstance that the gale
was made of liiht pine wood, otherwise the
driver must have been crushed to death
almost inaluntly. As it was a few scratches
and bruises were the only injury sustained
by him. Danville Dem.
sEj If a slave conies to thi State from
Charleston, we are all bound, under heavy
penalties, to aid in his capture; but if a
free colored Seaman goes to Charleston, he
is thrown into jail and deprived ol his liber
ty, und all men are expected to approve of
the outrage. The whole power of the
General Government is to be brought to
bear to send fugitive slaves back to bond
age ; but no: a ringer is to be raised to
prevent the unconstitutional capture, im
prisonment and sale of Freemen '. Such is
a part of the 'compromise to which the
' Union party is lo be pledged. Albanv
Nctus & Notions.
Tne cholera is very bad, just now, in
the Island of Jamaica. Five doctors have
fallen victims to it. There is considerable
terror manifested by the population.
The several railroad companies between
Albany and Buffalo intend to run three
daily passenger trains on their roads du
ring this winter, and the fare is to be re
duced on the route to $9,50 which is a
discount of half a cent per mile on the
present rates. The arrangement is to take
effect on the 15th inst.
It is our opinion that there have been
more freshets in our country, this season,
than any other within our recollection.
List week the village of Cleveland, Oswego
Co., was visited with a destructive freshet
in the rising of Black Creek, whieh carried
away five dams and two bridges.
The Riotous Tailors, to the number of
39, who were engaged in the disturbances
in New York city last spring, were brought
into court to be sentenced on Friday.
Eight of them were fined, the ringleader
$50, and the rest smaller amounts. The
case of the rest of the rioters wss held un
der advisement.
The Hudson River is closed with ice as
far down as Rhinebeck, and navigation has
been effectually interrupted for the season.
The Court House at Pottsville Pa.,' ia
completed, with the exception ofthe seat.
The cost of the building, it is said, will
amount to between 923,000 and 25,000.
It was erected under an act of Assembly,
by private contributions of the citizens of
the place.
Advice from Constantinople state that
Kossuth was still in durance on the 7th
ult. No attempt had been made to assas
sinate the Sultan. A conservative con
spiracy had been discovered. Many ar
rests had taken place.
vThe number of person exiled from
Rome, since the return of the Pope, is 36,
000 At St. Helena, on the 7th October, were
three prizes one to the Centaur, con
demned, with 300 alaves ; one to the
Wolverine,covtdemned,with 300, the second
prize this commission ; and one to the
Harvy, from the Brazils.
Drowned. We regret to learn that a
young man named John Shrayer from near
Muncy, was drowned in the Canal near
Liverpool, one night the latter part of last
week. We have not learned the particu
lars of the accident.
Tuesday the 31st inst., has been appoint
ed fpr holding the special election in the
Columbia and Luzerne district, for Repre
sentative in Congress for the unexpired
term of the Hon. Chester Butler, deceased.
Cascade post office, in Lycoming coun
ty, has been discontinued.
Mr. S. D. Bennage a very respectable
citizer, of Lock Haven had his collar bone
broken, on Tuesday last, by being thrown
from a mule which be was riding.
The present population of Berks county
Baltimore, Dec. 15. A riot occurred in
Baltimore stieet between lire rowdies, dur
ing which a man named Joseph Goodman
was shot and dangerously wounded.
A little boy named Patrick Farrell, was
burned to death yesterduy morning by hi
clothes taking fire.
Jenny Liud left here in the five o'clock
train for Washington, where she sings to
moirow night,
Hon. D. F. Miller, Whig member of
Congress from Iowa, is lying dangerously
ill at the residence of his brotber-ic-law in
Pittsburg. v
Gen. J. I). Mt-ars lis ben elected Gov
ernor of South Carolina by the Legislature.
The sugar crop in Texas will not vie Id
as much us las', year, owim; to drought
the quality, however, is much tetter.
Canal navigation at lT:ira, N. V., it
closed, and there is said to be good sleigh
ing in that victni'y.
Texas having now approved of the Texus
Boundary Bill t passed by Congress,
measures will be speedily lak.cn to organ.ro
the Territory of New Mexico.
The Presidents Message wa set in type
in the office of the New York Tribune in
35 minutes after it was received and in 15
more was circulating on the street.
A Good Rule. Every subscriber to m
paper should make it an urfdilingrule to
pay his dues regularly once a year. They
are then paid without being felt, but wheir
they are lift to accumulate lor years, they
amount to a sum that i not to wiliing'y
Congress appropriated one million one
one hundred and sixteen thousand dollars
to def ray the expenses of taking the census.
Henry Bibb, a fugitive slave, is going to
start a newspaper at Sandwich, Canada
West, to be called the Voice of the Fu
gitives." The York and Cumberland railroad wil;
be ready fur the cars in a lew davs. This
road connects Ilanisburg with York.
The population of ITtrrisburg is 8,173 ;
in 1 840 it was 5.060. Increase in ttu
A Sco'i Meeting was held in Aileiitown
last T'icday evening. The friendt ofthe
Old Hero are beginning to move in h
favor in every part of the country.
Noiice according to law has already
been given of eighteen applications to the
next Pennsylvania Legislature for Lank
charters, renewals and incrense cf capita1,
making an aggregate capital of four mill
ions nine hundred thousand dollars.
In the Houghton Pit Colliery, near Sjr
derland, England, the property of Lord
Durham, an explosion occurred a few weeks
since, while one hundred and thirty men
were in the mine. Twenty-six were tilled,
and many oihers were severely burned.
A wagon can run without greasing, and
business can be done without advertising
but it is slow work.
Millard Fillmore, is nominated for the
Presidency by the Virginia Free Prttu
The Allentown Iron works, in Lehigh
county, Penn., were closed on the 5th oi
November,and all the workmen discharged.
These furnaces have made as much as ten
thousand tons of iron in one year ; and in
that time cansumed 20,000 tons of anthra
cite coal, 23,000 tons of ore, and 12,000
tons of limestone.
Presidential Reception. The President
ofthe United States having recently estab
lished himself with his family in the Presi
dential Mansion, was formally visited on
Friday, 29:h ult., by the members of hu
Cabinet and the Corps Diplomatique, with
their respective families.
The Boston Traveller says that wiihin a
week over one hundred intentions of mar
riage were issued from the Register' office
all owing to the influence of cold nights.
V ho would be a miserable, shivering bach
elor just now 1
A Great Hen Convention or Fair has
been holding at Boston. At the closing
sale of fowls on Friday, one Cochin China
cock brought $30. There were purs aud
beautiful Cochin Chinas, Java and other
Since Mayor Gilpin entered upon the
duties of his office, not yet two months, he
has joined fifteen couple in the bonds of
matrimony. This is sufficient, we think,
to prove him a friend to " Union."
The Fugitive Slave Law will not be dis
turbed the present session. Washington
let'er writers are .of opinion that a repeal
would not be supported by more than one
r.t ......i.t;...
111 IU 111 Lilt. l.l.l.Jtl.l...
The intelligence from France is, that the
President' message has been extremely
well received, save in a few quarters. -The
proposition for calling 40,000 men has been
variously received.
The Washington National Monument is
now eighty feet from the surface of the
ground, and it is expected to be two fee:
higher before the close of the season.
The appraisers of ihe personal estate cf
the late Mr. McDonough, the deceased
millionaire ol New Orleans, valued his en
tire wardrobe at thirty dollar !
Messrs. Corcoran & Riggs have tendered
$10,000 and a valuable lot of ground to
the city of Washington toward erecting a
House of Refuge. .
The Government of Prussis has prohib
ited the dispatch of private messages by
electric telegraph throughout its dominions-
Samuel E. Hencpf Juniata, and Wm
H. Hutter of Northampton, have receive"!
each the appointment of N. I.
Mr. Loom is and hi daughter Mrtha art
humbugging the good people of Batb.N.T
Ex-Gov. McDowell made a great Unitf
speech at Staunton, Ya., Monday week.
Miss Lind's charities in New York txA
Brooklyn amount lo $30,000.
The State of Louisiana has obtain"!
entire possession of the real estate of John
M'Donogh, dee'd, until the contest on t"
will is decided.
On Saturday afternoon last, Jenny L,dJ
sang gratuitously before the children oft
public schools of Baltimore first to f,f
5000 girls, then to as many boys, i""
also sang, and as much delighted ner
she amazed them.
IVt Notices and Adveri?mtnt