Newspaper Page Text
From the Ann.il n Agricultural.
The Cultivator Subsoil Plowing.
Id my furner articles on improved
farming implement, 1 noticed the plow,
harrow, and horerake. I now shall cifTi r
a Tew remarks en the cultivator, the sub
soil plow, and their uses.
'1 he cultivator is an implement, which
wiitun the last few years, hes come into
general use among I hone farmers who go
in for improveir.cbl. li is used in the cul
tivation of corn, potatoes, and other crops
planted iu rows, or dril's. and lireJs no
particular description. 'J'hc treth are uu-
ally from live to ye veil in number, and
arc made in such form as to cut and stir
the ground even and alike. The frame is ;
sorretirr.es made to expand and contrucl to
suit the wid;h of the rows.
The subsoil ulow cf tecent invtntir.n.
end i's particular u-e is yet but little uti-
ccrstot.d by the great mass of farmers, h
is simply a p'ow without a moldhoard, up
right in fotm, wiih a narrow point for n
share, end a sole to run upon. Its e is
to follow directly lehind the sward plow,
in the same farrow, jtoing down to depth
from six to Urnly inches, in'o the sub
soil, at the ease may bo, loosening and
irrirg op the toil, without bringing it up
to iLe eurfare.
Formerly, it was the habit with farmers
o plow only from three to four inches der-p,
and from year to year, :lie ground was
penetrated only to this dep h.' Tl.e conse
quence was, the plow going only at th's
depth, a hnrdpan, or the furrow, and the
rule of tho plow pressing down, which, in
the course of a few years, made tl.e sub
sjil so hard that plants could not strike their
roots below for support. Hut, by using
the subsoil plow, this hardpan, or crust, is
broken up and pulverised, so that the roots
f plants can naeh down and find support.
In flu!, let el Iads, which 'are inclined
tc clay, subsoil plowing is invaluable, as
it breaks up the stiff soil, and lets the cur- j
luce wa'er cown, making the son more
permable. light, and productive. Also in
high roll ng, and gravelly land.-', subsoil
inj breaks up the hurdpan below for deeper
ruMvnltr.n ; and. in fact, I think there in
Lut little, i:'any land, but will be benefitted
rr.oie or less by subsoil plowing. Yet how
many farmer, out of the mass, in the next
ion years to c;me, uiil avail themselves of
the use of this plow those of in who live
rr.ay 6ee. L. DihaMj.
Daly Ct. ,1ugvt, 1830.
Ashes are Deodorizers.
it is a fact of which few r rsonj are
aware, that both wncd anJenal a.-l;es are
cisinu cants for animal and vegetable
odnrs-.wlen bnugli! icto contact with tl.em.
Sd effectual aie they for this purpose, that
I uman feces hen buried in tucm, at once
erase to five ttT nnv rTpn-ivo c ,.!!
This property renders tliem of much value
for city, or even country privies, where it
i an object to u?c these rich manures.
Hy throwing a quan i'y of ashes into a
I x to rover the dropping, they are at
i ce rrndeted inodorous, while they re
tain ir.rst cf their enriching propcilies til
the cr.rtr chooses to transfer them to hi
I ind, when it jr.n be dot;') without any in
c. r.venirn.-e from their stm II.
In enntP'j'tcrco of the ; res :i:e of so
hrp n rpjnn'tty of the alkalies in nt-lic--, a
portion i f tl.e ir..i;ic;.u f..r forming nm
nioniu is driven e!T, atid fur this reason
barred furl, ns wood coul, or hail-burned
fn', is bettor. C;i' in the absence of these,
ashes ef thre may form an econn,icut, mid
in most ca.-cs, an entirely coaveuieut si.b
t:tu!e. 'J"l:c ushis from a small, single
pale have been f uu J si lTi ient to neutral-i-e
ihe ifiljvin frum the feces tf a family
of a d zca person. Here, tin n, is a
'it;.!e benefit procurable graiuitourly a
l-t.t Si to the health, to the comfoi', and to
flirylaal Farm lug-a Greit Turnip
In our op n, Charles B. Calvert, of
.il-iryland Jie grra'est grower rf roots,
l'-r sto: j ihe United States. His farm
is kn- as Kiversdale, seven miles to
waruj iiltniore, firm Washington eitv.
i he e' i! i4 randy h-.-im, and has bren
vry severely cropped, and greatly educed
in fertility, until he undertook the renova
tion system, that has made suc h a contrast
botiecn h.s land and that surrounding him,
which only boars a scanty erp rf broom
sf,!jjr. and scrub pines. H; turnip crop
list year was 3,000 bushels upon about
ttiirty acres. The-c have nearly all been
fed to stock upon Ihe f irm, or at the Xutio
nl Hjtel, in Washington, nhi. h he pro
vided t .r. lie keeps eighty co-, mostly
Durham, be.siJca other stack.
Mannir of F,,dinS.-TUK turnips are
cut up v.'fh a loot cutter, some it!ve
hours brfnrr? ,'eeihng time, and sprinM. d
with ejlt and br.tn. T;ie suit ntjr.-ly jjru.
any unptcasaii! I'iste in the nulls.
A' ilu- s.iir.e time, a quantity of cornstalks
i cut, or ra;her ground fine, and these
re Ktd t.i tlonvs mixed with the lur
i. p at the ru e of two bu-hr-l t f stalks to
one of jnriiij a day. I'jrf.i, ihn feed,
without any imv. rHf arn jjpj.t ,
wrti'er. arid give milk all it twA
Making (i mtii, ,.f Mr.
divert Mules iha. i..- I:a fmn liuit dave i
..'! el i ijlun a-iii , i!iinniMi Ui f
S'"C. rd.4-ed r alf l iny & uo: i
stop milking at all, before calving. The
milk for a week or two previous, is Used
for feeding calves, none of which lire ever
allowed to suck.
Profitable Coir Mr. C. kept rows at
the hotel about nine months, and fed them
as above, watering them in their stalls,
and the yield of milk averaged 40 gallons
per day, worth 25 cents a gallon. This is
one cf the most profitable results that we
have ever met with.
Calf ailing Experiment. Mr. C. fat
tened one calf hich he sold to the butch
er at three months old, for 930 a pretty-
round price, say some of our renders, for
a calf. So it is, hut he lost double that
ttin by the experiment ; for the call con
sumed an average of milk u-day, worth
besides meal, and the trouble of feed
'"S J ""J jet ly brought one third as
. much 'he milk; would have sold for.
Gentleness r Durhams, and Milken
: We a,Vcd .Mr. Culvert if ha had ever
I . ,i j:n:....u.. ...:.u i .:. it...
. aj i iirni auv uuuiuiiv Willi Ills iur.
hams about milking. Hisjrcply was, "Not
the least. They are just as gentle as any
breed 1 ever sew.'' The milking isalways
done in the s'abie. Many of his cows are
superb animals. He keeps a few common
ones to fill up his complement of milkers
and to supply demands for purchase of
common cuws. The calves of these, he
suckles till k'Urduya old, and then sells
ifitni to tho butcher. Query. What for?
Do they feed Congressmen upon such del
irate young veal ?) As he feeds no hay.
hu has quaiititi's for sale. It brings hi in
from 15 toftiO a ton, in the city seven
Good Taste in Furniture -Same of the
handbomest I ever taw was at Kiversdale,
made of oak, which the proprietor had
sawed in his own mill, and made into fur
niture, to order. It is not only good and
handsome, but is home-manufactured, of
home-giown limber, and that adds to its
real value, in the eyes of all homo-bred
Americans. American Agriculturist.
Russian Superstition about Potatoes.
Whem potatoes where introduced into
Uussia.to'.vaaJs the end of the last century,
the people conceived a great dislike to them
and called them the " Devil's fruit," on
account of some foolish tales that had been
told of this now almost indispensable edible.
One of the stories, was, that they were
created on purpose for the Devil when he
complained on being turned out of the gar
den, that he had no fruit. He was told to
dig for i' allien he did, and found potatoes.
Hence the common people of Russia, who
are very superstitious, would neither plant
nor eat them at first.
There is a curious and somewhat similar
tule in Scotlan.l, about the introduction of
potatoes into that country at a period long
before that assigned in history far their
introduction by hir Walter Rileigfi. j
The legend is that one Michael Scott,
who was caTlej Hie Wizard of the North,
entered into a compact with the Devil to
rent a farm in partnership. The Devil was
tu famish money aud the Wizard d-j the
labor, giving him alternate crops. That
is, the first year, he was to have all that
grew below the suifacc and the next year
all that gie.iv above, and the Wizard the
other part. Thinking to outwit the Devil,
he plated all his land in wheat ihe first
year and ail in potatoes the next, so the
Devil got nothing but stubble nnd vines.
Hut he beat the Wizard at last, for the se
vere system of croping exhausted the land,
so the Wizard could neither raise wheat
nor potatoes, and he was obligad to grow
more honest to his land as well as to his
It would ba well for some farmers at the
present day, who follow the same dishonest
course, in the cultivation of rented laud, as
well as their ou n, to take the hint, or they
may find themselves in a fairway of being
Some of the first cultivators of potatoes
picked r.nd eat the bulls, aud conceived a
violent dislike to the new kind of fruit, and
at once said potatoes were good for noih
ing. ('pinions have very much changed
niuce then- Ibid. R.
Important to Tanners.
Henry W. Milsworth, Ksq., has shown
us srver.il specimens of leather, which
were tanned, under his own eyes, In the i
space cf ten intnu'es, by a process of
which Marion I lihbard, of Rochester, N.
Y., is the inventor. This statement may
seem almost incredible, when it is consid
ered that six, ten, or eight months are re
quired to t;in leather by the ordinary pro
ces. Mr. F.llsworth has in his possession
a pair of boots and a pair of shoes made
from a raw hide in less than a day and a
half, tanned by his new process. The
leather is tanned by a compound ofchemi
cul.j, and in time and materials is a saving
of at least Eve thousand per cent, over the
present lw method of making lea her.
The n'iiht f r Connecticut and Massachu
sottt wa fold f.r 500,000 ; Ohio, for
150,000 : Michigan, for $ 1 00,000. This
undoubtedly is one of the greatest improve
ments of the ae. Lafayette (Ind.) our
A New Build. r;; Maters! has lately
been introduced into Pottsville, Pennsylva
nia. It is i brick fifieen by thirty inches.
so made as to promise almost equal dura-
jbilitvt f stone, atone third the co
'Vuf. .Nurroii fcas a fioorishing School of
vf!P,,'ti a.tuy ai .New Haven, Ct.
1JEWISBUHG CI1KOXICL.E AND WEST BRANCH FAUMKIJ
FOREIGN ffffefe-NEWS. HE HHU.
Nkw York, Dec. 7th.
The steamship Asia. Capt. Judkins, of
the Cunard line, arrived at Jersey City, at
8 o'clock this morning, after a stormy pas
sage of nearly fourteen days. She has on
board about fifty passengers.
England. The news from England,
generally .possesses but very little interest.
The No-Popery cry, however, had lost but
little of its intensity.
In consequence of the excessive demands
(or space at the great World' Fair, the
erection of an additional Gallery has been
decided on with an increased area of about
45,000 superficial feet.
Ai'stria. The prospects of a continu
anco of peace between Austria and Prussia,
reported bv the last steamer, is confirmed.
The Austrian government proposes to
delay the war like measures against Sehles-
wtg-Holstein and Hesse Cassel, until an
extension of time shall have been settled
by free conferences. She also offers to
dissolve the Diet and consent to the League
of the German Slates.
After considerable discussion the Hano
vernian Cabinet has granted permission to
the Federal Army to pass through Hanover
on their way to Sehleswig-Holstcin.
The utmost secrecy appears to be ob
served respecting the intentions of the Aus
PitussfA From f'russia we hsve the
King's opening speech to the Chambers
which is thought to fivor the War party ;
and has caused considerable excitement.
The movements of the troops in Austria,
Bavaria, and Wirtemberg have been lem
FnAStE. The sittings of the Legislative
Assembly in France, have thus lar passed
over without any very important event,
but the Mountain is evidently waiting for
an opportunity to brake fully into violence.
Louis Napolion's Message to the Assem
bly disclaims all personal ambition, but the
tone of humility in which he adjured all
thoughts of selfish ambitious schemes, seems
already at varience with his deeds.
His recommendation of an increase of
the army by the addition of 40,000 new
troops, continues to be looked on with dis
(Ikrhanv. With regard to the reports
of peace in Germany the r.urnpean
Times" states that " although the move
wents of troops bv railway have been par
tially suspended, the preparations-and arm
ament on both sides continue unabated, and
it it plain some very seiious negotiations
are going forward. e look with very
serious alarm upou the growing popular
feeling of discontent in Prussia, and have
very little confidence in w hat may happen.
Dknmauk ano the Dcchies (Jen.
Willissca had made another movement of
his outposts, which only ended in a skirm
ish, in which a few were killed and wound
ed on both sides.
The government of the Duchies were
firm in their determination to oppose any
intervention of the Bund, and not a single
Prussian, says the Times' correspondent,
had left the Holstein army. The number
is culculatrd at four to five thousand.
The United States Mail Steamship Geor
gia, Lieut. D. D. Porter, U. S. Navy,
commanding, arrived at this port this morn
ing. l'U': Georgia brings over 330 passengers,
and 230 were left at Havana to go by the
Ohio. Ti e Georgia brings about one mill
ion of dollars in gold in Ihe hands of pas
sengers and one hundred thousand dollars
The Empire City was to sail from Cha
gres the day after the Georgia left, full of
pHssengers and passengers by the Georgia's
Log, with between three and four millions
of dollars in gold.
The health cf Panama and Chagres is
represented as being very healthy. The
rains fell all the time the Georgia was at
Chagres, and the roads were represented
as being very bad.
At Havana all was quief.
Several sailing vessels have left San
Francisco for home.
A vessel had arrived at San Francisco
from Sacramento, having ihe Cholera on
board, and much consternation prevailed
there in consequence.
There is nothing new to notice in the
The mining operations were progressing,
and the rainy season had not yet set in.
The new from the Mines is very favor
able. l'lie Cholara is prevailing alarmingly at
1 he steamer Sagamore, while leaving
Central wharf, at San Francisco, with a
large number of passengers, bound for
Stockton, burst her boiler with a terrible
explosion, scattering human bodies and
timber in every direction.
The vessel was made a complete wreck.
The number of persons on board at the
time was from 75 to 100 one haif of whom
Muny bodies had been recovered, but
they were so much mutilated as not to be
recognised. Limbs and fragments of bod
ies were gathered up in baskets.
Private letters from California, contrast
strikingly with the announcements in the
newspapers of the arrivals of so much gold.
Steamboat explosions, cholera, aud other
I fe taking agencies had created great havoc
a innng ih population some of the passen
gers ays, worse by far than is stated in
The Sn Franciscans celebrated, on the
20th of October, the admission of Califor
nia into me union, mere was a process-
t mn, speeches, aad a ball on the occasion.
I here does not appear to be much news
from the gold regions, and the number of
returning passengers is large.
Harritburg. Dec. 8th. Our Court of
Quarter Sessions to day refused a new trf
al to young Miiligan, convicted of burning
the Clark's Ferry Bridge. He was then
sentenced to three years hard Ubor iu the
I Ctrtiivy Friton the extent cftheJaw. -
H. O. HICKOK, Editor.
O. V. WOBDEW, FablUbcr.
At i1!90." to ". J1;!8 J"."'"''.'"""''' Wp-4 ,
wiUuu lift rr uxl tv t tin tad of Uu yaar.
AganU la l'btlMphifr V B Palmer mui I W Cur.
Wednesday Morning, Dec. 4.
S DVEBTTZE !-
uenton. Administrator., Pobiie
i Siren. Cur sad Cuaatrv Merchant. Nuuhatnnrt, :
Mechauirs, HuftinrM 9ln ftll no Winn to procure r w
tiiiipote or anything woulil do well to givo notic of tho
liiu, throti;u Uie " Levutmrg Oftrvnire." This paper baa
a coos and iDcrvaslnic eireulatioB ia a comBrauitr oonlai
niu at large a proportion of active, nolvent producer,
eouiumers, and dealer, aa any other in the Stat.
(Pur (Dam Affairs.
A few davs since, ws rrcsiTed a letter commencing as
"Vroa qnoutinna which I bare awn ia Um hrMiaa
Clirobicie and other papers. 1 am induced to brliava there
i. a paper publicum! called tho " Iiewwtiurg Chronicle.1
If men u Hi. fact, jou will plrsM forward it to me," Sc.
Tli in wav dated not a great diitance from our town. On
one otraoion, two yean afro, an lntclligunt gentleman Ht-
in( fonr miles only from tu, did not know there was any
paper now pelilifched in Lewieburg he thought they had
all been .tarred outt" A. it u, we know not a town on
Um North or Weet Branch, which, In proportion to its
numbers, takes so little cBeetiee interest in sustaining a
Home Press, ss our own pleasant, thriving, and wealthy
We take no 'pleasure n caeing title, and we must aire
gratefully add Itiat there are many who view the matter
fn a inipcr lifht, and aitike timely and kindly efforts to
aid in tbe publication of Ui-ir papr.
A. ani 'titer year is drawing u a close, ws desire to ak a
little attention to this matter. Ws truet, after a mass
tzars' pic'f, none Are now fearful whether LewirLurg run
and eritt keep up one paper at trait. Oa thia ground, we
ask merchant., mecuauica, and fanners, ia and near this
tnvn, t extend ia,, circulation.
If tile reader wilt oiujare the Chnnirle with what it
was three year, ago, tie will find ffrtat improrrmtitt anule
fn it. spirit and execution. All ite nrnftf hare been devo.
ted tu its improvement. Oil this grwand alio, ws aefc for
an cstcnt f patronage.
SwAs an incentive to effort in oar behalC we .nArr
our pajer next year fur $1 to every old suHpcribrr,
who will procure one new one also Sir $1 the $'i to lie
paid in adVwicc. We auks Uil? proposition for one year
only. Almost any one can prewure one more sulwrriher;
or, be can srnd oos number to a friend, a brow or abroad,
and thus areomplifih the end designed.
.Ttiere sre a large number indebted to na, who ws de
sire to pay us up this month if po.eihle, so that we could
pcrf rm the taine agreeable service to our frsdibir.
A meeting of the citizens of this place
wa held in the Town Hall, Friday eve
ning last, to take this subject lntoTrcnsideratioo, William
Wilso. Kq., I'rc.iJ liL Thanuu Miytt, K..V P, and St.
C. Hi. kok. Secretary. Dr. A. 0. Ooell, President of tlia
Company, a as introduced, and gave a detailed statement
of the ot jeeta had in view, and Lbs progress and proaiierta
of tbe company. The charter authorises the construction
of a line of telegraph from Havre de Grace, M d., up the
Susquehanna river to Northumberland ; thence, up the
North Branch, to the New York stale line; and up Ibe
Wral Branch tu kVlklivnte, Clearfield, Brook villa, Meadville
and Erie; with a line to Pittsburg also a lateral Hue from
Williamsport to Elmira, N. T, and as many oUier lateral
lines as may be found nraeaaary Ansa time to time. OA re.
to be opened at all the towns along the mote, where it will
be likely to pay expenses. The line Is now In operation
from Wilkeabarn to Pittsfoa, and aisa from Danville via
B-rwick to Hatleton, where it connect, with the Wilkes.
barre and Philadelphia line. The enmpany is completing
the line, link by link, as Art as euberriptions of stork are
obtained, and intend, tw bare the whole routs complete at
the earliest practicable moment It roet f JOu a mile to
pat the aires up and in operation, itviuding the machine
ry uf the wlllecs, and Uie ritfht to M,iric's patent. And to
extend the line from Iianvills tv Mittim, via Northunilier
laud and Lewi.hnrg. would reuuire snhFrrlpttons of stock
to Uie sniouut of $4,u0. of wliicli l-:wi.turg would have
to rsiee about f 1,fkm. The .hares are -.-5 each, payable in
three Instalments; the last $10 in eight weeks, at which
time it is ctlixnatrd the line would be in working ordrr.
Persons who eubacrihe to make this part of the tins, be
come stockholder, aai tu all, and will share squally In the
profits and beaeflu accruing to the company, when the
wb'de mute is fully completed. It ia Intended, if possible,
to extend the line as lar sooth as Harris Ml rj, this winter.
The general advantage of the magnetic telegraph were
also d welt upon. M. C. Qrier, .. of Danville, then gave
various interesting illustrations of the advantages aflardrd
the eiUieni of that place and (trinity by the trh-grat h,
and lUtcd Uiat although be suhsrribed 12 shares he did
so vsry rrluclanUy, and with the feeling that it was about
aa good as throating asoneyaway; but now be would, if
uwnaary, mercese his etork to (1,000 rather than be de
prived of the pririlegtw it afford. On notion, William 1
Cameron. K.q, Col. O. F. Milter, Thomas Hayes, Kq, and
Cot. L. B. ChrUt were appointed a committee to procure
rubsrriptions of sWk.and report at an adjourned meeUng,
on Tuesday evening.
The Committee, latt "vainjr. reported nibsrrihrd;
eliout too more promised ; and a reasonable pro. pert ef
securing the balance. Dr. Cnell was present, and slated,
by authority, that Hilton and Northumberland would eer.
tainly raise their quotas. As soon as this link is secured
efforts will be made to push the line on to Willlamaport
a?" Congress assembled on Monday
week, but no business of importance hae
leen done. In the House, Mr. Hampton
of Pa., gave notice of a bill to appropriate
three millions cf acres of laud, for internal
improvements in this State, after the ex
ample, we suppose, of several South West
ern States, who were bountifully provided
for in this way, at the last session.
Vfc gave the substance of the President's
Message, in advance, iu our last paper.
The most interesting Reports of the Heads
of Department, we eopy in another column.
By the Telegraphic arrangements made,
tho Message was published iu all the prin
cipal towns of the Union within three days
after its delivery. As most of onr readers
have seen it ere this, we do not deem it
necessary to copy it in full.
sSaf-The Union Ikmocnit gives the fol
lowing Census returns in that part of this
county canvaaHcd by Messrs. Gutclius and
Auraud: Peons, 2762; Centre, 2172;
Perry, 1329; Washington, 1239; New
Berlin, 754 ; Middlccreck, 614. Of the
population of New Berlin, 735 are natives
of Pennsylvania, 11 of Germany, 3 of
Maryland, and 1 each from France, Ire
land, Connecticut, New York, and Miehi-
Ouly Chapman Tp. to be reported, to
complete the census of Union county.
37Mr. Joseph N. Folwell, some time
a student in the University at Lewisbnrg,
was ordained at Iloadstown, Cumberland
Co., N. J., on the 25th ult., as pastor of
the Baptist church.
There is no slavery so hard, so
degrading, so miserable, as that of Intcm-
liUV AlUtVUlUIUC. t
The following paragraph from tie Phil
adelphia Inquirer of the od inst. illustrates
the benefit of Life Insurance to creditors,
as well as debtors and other persons. No
! better provision against poverty and priva-
tion ran be made for the faiuilica of persons
of small means, or overwhelmed with debt,
than a policy on the life of the husband in
the wife's name the proceeds of which can
not be taken by the husband's creditors. A
moderate annual payment to the Company
thus secure a sum for wife and child
ren, in case of the husband's untimely
death, that he might not have been able to
lay up by years of toil. The Editor of the
Chronule is Agent for the "Equitable"
Company, mentioned below, and is ready
at any time to issue further Life Policies
in addition to the several thousand dollars
already thus secured by heads of families
in this neighborhood. The rates of this
Company are reasonably low.
tFThe importance or Life fniaranee hat
recently been demonstrated ia a somewhat pecu
liar manner. A well known merchant of Market
street, was a few years since unfortunate in bu
ineas. He was indebted to a gentleman in this
city lo Ibe amount of $8,000. The creditor
applied lo two life insurance olfices, and bad the
lite of the debtor insured tu the amount of hi
debt. A short lime since, Ihe unfortunate man
died, and ibe creditor stepped into our oltiue
yesterday to inform as that tbe Equitaole Insu
rance Company" had just sent to him and paid
the liability of that office. And ibis within the
time specified by taw. Such promptness is truly
creditable. Tbe policy of uiturance was Ukcn
out about three years ago.
-MxLODr oi DaaTH " One of ibe most beau
tiful elTuaione of Ibe poet Byron bora ihis title,
nd it strikes as that the following eitiart from
that poem, embodies some of tbe sublimrst idea
the English language baa ever expressed. Will
not our readers agree wilb us in opinion t
a Thou .halt lie down
With patriarchs or the inraut world with king.,
The powerful or the earth the wias, the gooi,
fair form, and hoary seer, of s;rsat,
All in one mtglily arpulslire. The titlla.
Hock-ribbed, aud ancient as the sun the vales
Htr-t-Mng in peuaive quietness between ;
The venerable woirts rivers that mors
In majesty and Uie complaining brooks
That make the meadow, green : and poun d 'round all
Old eaii'. gray and melancholy waste
Are but the solemn dreorauune all
Of man's hut rcun-piai-." AwcriXoww KegittT.
All true enough, Mr. Jlrgittrr, so far as
your encomiums upon the poetry are con
cerned ; though it happens to be of an
order of excellence that Byron, with all
his trausceuaant gifts, could not approach.
We venture to tike the liberty of sugges
ting that you hunt up the volume and
page of Byron's works containing the quo
ted passage, and have it transmitted to
Baruum, who would doubtless give it a
conspicuous place among the multitudinous
curiosities in his Museum, and pay you a
handsome premium into the bargain. And
while you are about it, just Heud a dupli
cate copy of the Rijistr to Wiu. C. Bry
ant, of the N. Y. Evening Putt, that he
may see how sadly he has been mistaken
as to the paternity of " Tiianatoi'PI.s,"
and the refreshing air of uneonseiousuess,
with which his editorial brethren, along
the el.ts.sic Schuylkill, parcel out and re
label the world-renowned productions of
ItfTIie 1st volume of liarris' Boports
of the decisions of the Supreme Court of
Pa. has made its appearance ; and proves
to be, in the fidelity and clearness with
which the cases are reported, the amount
of matter compres.sed into a single volume,
and the excellent print and paper, all that
the profession in this State have long en
deavored, but hitherto in vain, to have ac
complished. We see but one thing to
condemn, and that is the flimsy binding,
which is altogether unsuited to a book of
that size. These Reports should not be
sent out in any other than strong and du
rable binding ; nnd we hope the defect in
this instance will be carefully avoided
Ri-tnyraib AJtanrf Miremrnt.
We understand from high authority, that
Maj. C. II. Sebriner is building a new
distillery in Buffalo township, fur the man
ufacture of alcohol. ' To the rear, three
paces forward, march ! '
P. S. Since the above was in type we
learn that another new distillery is also
going up in the same township, aud an old
one being repaired for fresh operations.
Where the Guud Samaritan, and the
temperance men ? So far as our obsevation
extends, the latter seem to have gone out
of fashion here.
Hay A writer in the N. Y. Ecagclit
says that " Lawyers are a kind of civil
police to keep the community quiet, and
aid, as a chimney, to carry off the smoke
of society." No wonder, then, that they
get so sooty sometimes, as to need, accord
ing to the popular belief, a purification by
WTherc have been several thofts, &e.
in the neighborhood of Berwick, recently.
In one case, a returned Mexican volunteer
from Danville got upon a " bender," and
having stolen $80, brought up his jovial
excursion at the County Jail.
tety-Tkank.-giviug Day, to-morrow
Thursday. We understand the Stores,
itc. in this Borough will be closed as usual.
Services in the several Churches, will be
indicated by the ringing of their bells.
f&AIl those who wish to hear Jkjixv
Lind sing in Lewisbnrg, arc requested to
read the notice " To our Patrons," on the
last column, third page, of this paper, and
see what can be done.
Jw" Sears' Works, advertised in another
column, are among the most entertaining
and entirely unexceptionable w erkt of th"
prrnatday. v , . .
Mcsjts.' Gfldet Hirth't and V.
W. Schnjjle' advertisements came too late
for this week. We wish all patrons would
send in their favors 1 Monday when convenient-
: - -
S-TJie Lvftouiinff Gazette staUs that
the ,S'AWi EmjU is not dead, but " is
.... , . . T ,f
only resting awhile to sharn its claws.
Glad to hear it.
-We"iinJerHtanJ that SctirT. tfnas
quite prevalent iu Danville, and several
children hare died of it.
teJr The Court Proclamation, Lc, ap
pear on our fourth page this wetk for the
aQuSaniuel Kouih, E-sq., is appointed
Deputy Prothonotory of this county.
&Union County Court at New Berlin
next week, and week after.
Postmaster General's Report.
The number of mail routes at the c!oe
cf the fiscal year was 55SJ0, on 178,082
miles, with 4,760 contracton. The an
nual transportation was ovrr 46,541,423
miles, at a cos! of 2,724.426. This ea
timate exclude the mail service in Oregon
During the earC,513 Postmasters were
appointed ; of w hich 2000 were to supply
resignations, 23:1 to supply vacancies by
death, 292 on eh mge of sites. 1441 on
on removals r,f predecessors, and 10"0 in
Tne gross revenue of the Department
was t5, 552, 961 68, and the expenditure
$5,212,733, and a i.tl balance, a estima
ted by the Auditor, was 91, 132,013 85
The eioenditure for the current year are
estimated al fiO.Ol'J.POO UO, aud the rev-
tr. iperi,. ..,
enues, 3C,1 6G 61b 28.
A reduction and uniform rate of postage
is recommended, to three cents for pie-
., . . .
paid, at present, with authoruy for a fur-
ther reduction to two cents w hen tlm rev-
enues of the Department will juMify it. He
recommends a rats of twenty cenrs on all
Pacific correspondence, and n uniform in-
land postage of one cent on newspapers.
Ti.ere are other recommendation iu it-
sard to pamphlets, majjaauie, A:c.
The Secretary of the Inlurior recom
mends Congress to fix with more definitive
uess the boundaries of the jurisdiction of
the Department to designate iili more
precision the title of the Department and
to appoint a Solicitor to examine and decide
its questions of law. He estimates the pi
penes of the Department for the coming
year to be $1,132,043 47, being an exce-
over those of the present year of 91,728,
67083. The increase of expenditures ha
been confined lo the Bureaux of the Land
Service and Indian Allaire, the Pension
OJice, and the United States Courts. The
Secretary states the whole number of pen
sioners to be 10,70", although all do not
draw their pensions. The number of
deaths among them reported during the last
year is 646. The number of revolutionary
pension, under the net of 1318 is 1523
under the act of 1828 is 162 und- r the
act of 1832 5,217, not one half of whorr
applied for their pensions during the first
half of the present year. 'I he number of
pensioned widows tf revolutionary soldiers
under the act of 1836 is 4 S84 under the
act of 1838 is 201 and under the act ot
February 18-18 4,876, and of April 1818
68C. The number of invalid pensioners is
4,742 and the number of pensioned widows
aud orphans on account of the Mexican
war is 1,456. The whole amount expend
ed for pensions during the last year is 91,-
400.000. The number of land warrants
issued for revolutionary service is 12.5-8
lor service in the war of 1812. 28,078,
and the numher of claims presented for
service in the Mexican war, amounts, in
money, to 884 ,705 00. The number ol
claims presented undei the General Bounty
Law of last September is 9,418. but they
are increasing very rapidly. The whole
number of persons who, if living, would be
entitled to the benefit of this law, would
exceed half a million, but the actual claim
ants, it is computed, will not amount to
more than halt of that number. The total
quantity of public lands disposed of in the
year 1849 was 3,181,410 acres, and dur
ing the first three quarters ol the present
year, 2,815,366 acres. The Secretary
recommends a speedy extension ol the land
system over the possessions on the Pacific,
ami that the mineral lands should be divi
ded into small tracts and sold at public
auction enforces the necessity of provid
ing additional restraints for the hostile In
dians, and the appointment of additional
Indian agents calls the attention of Con
gress to the importance of a Railroad or
other communication between the Missis
sippi and the Pacific recommends the
establishment of a bureau of Agriculture
alludes to the favorable progress of the
taking of the Census and of the Mexican
Boundary Survey-recommends that means
be taken for preserving the material ol
which many of the public buildings al
Washington are composed, from disinte
gration by the weather, nnd also the intro
duction into Washington of a copious sup
ply of pure w ater.
Gcn.Winfield Spoil's report on ihcarmy
recommends the organization of two addi
tional regimeuts ol Horse Dragoons or
Mounted Riflemen, and an increase of In
fantry. He deems this Increase indipen
sab'e for the ptniecUuii cf,lhe loniier. ,
' i Robbery.
The store of Gen. Vm. M'Dtjweii ti
Lght Street Columbia jfounty was enttnj
on Wednesday night a iwttlt, and $,(jn(,
worth of goods stolen.jThe jBlofmslurj,
Star says : The store was en'ered ly
boring out a large 'hole In the Street iy,t
; h h which lh bar could u lail i
and raited by the band. The rounsi
lected their goods, taking all the r!(, h.
silks, yelvets and yesttnge, except r,e
piece nf cheap cotton reltet, which it efr
they thought would not pay freigr.t :
Oj Iaal Monday two men were arrsy.-j
in the western corner of this cotimy u; .,
charge pf having been etneermd in u.
robirfry. It appear that some to ent
aro thy rented an old building near Ih'i.
e'-s taven, and hre "ere found a lar.-.'
stock of poods supposed to have teeu s'.oltr.;
pnicrl of itady-made clothing aino;,
other things. These goods do not b"lnn
to Gen. M'Dowell. The persons arrester)
were taken before Ivsquire Foster and fceli
to trr.il in 1000 each for their appearand
at court. VVc are lold that ou Monday
nijiht after the arrest, supirious character
were seen fathering into that vicinity frcm
the four quarters of ihe earth.
Pittsburg, Dec. 6th The trial of Miv.
or Barker, yesterday, for mideme:n r :a
office resulted in his conviction. Cel. 5W
uel W. Mack, counsel for the pron-cuti m,
made one of ihe most powerful prec.'.-a
eer heard at the Pittsburg bar.
Carlisle, Dee. 7- A destructive fi(
broke out here last night, during which t
f.innlv, consiatinj; of an aged German, h
wifn and daughter, were burnt to dtath.
Charleston. D'C. 1 The stesmtvc;
Antoinette Douglass burst her boibr nr.
the A'abama river, on Tuesday nir.rnla!'
last. Muny persons ere Killed nu'rih'
. 28 were wounded, and 25 are rni-sin. 51
! escaped. The steamer Arkansas. So S.
i took the survivors and wound-;! to M,l .
! Tl.e Lunatic Asylum, at Au-u,ta.M.iin.
i 'troyi-d by fire early on M..r.J,,
; mnrniui! Inst. It had annul 1 3i) u;m.. -,.
I T o
jVM ogt ai nia!es.
Tltff resul, nf lhe j-'.leciit.n f..r D. :..,
,, ihe Georgia State ConvcnT'on.
heard from, i.. the choice of 14') l"r.: n- t
j a"d only 24 Disunion's;.
Th-r N. - Pica) utie says.tl.at the s
i-ouutsol damages lo th- sugar ernts,
Irot. are coining ind.iLV aorsari'i !:
l is feared that hn!f the crop t!! he .r;;!-j
jufore taken in.
It may nM he jfenerxl!) lnrn 'V-a:
n.ii!i and othi r silver eiiius ul;:: ti have
be-en and arr still in circulation, have bt ti
reduced to a specific value, by a late ant ot
Congress, which took efaet i n the fir.:
ii,s';mt. 15y this ae?, 'p-iniih rir;r'ers r.'
ri'cui'n! tc twenty rents, and ot.'.er o in
re reduced iu the same preportii n.
Pe'er l'bb. f.ir wlio-e nrrest tl " timer
nor of the Cemmonwenlth offered a rewit t
nl St.OUO. on the cmirge of shooting Cur
r.elius M'Kiny, a watchman of Mi-yimsr.-inn.
has presented himself at thet'ity PoV
Oifice, auj vi luntarily surrendeiel h irsf.f
into the hands of justice.
VGKNER.U. anrtmiif of Orjr Goods,
;rofcrlei. &.C.- will be oiTersJ U
sala at Auction st ihe laie storeroom of tfaMCil
Wolfc. i!rc"d. in the Borough of Lrwisburg, n
Wednesday the 1st day of January next.
sale lo enmmenre at 10 o'clock, A.M. .when teras
will be msJe known by
CEO. F. MILI.ES.
AJmini-traiins of Samuel Wolfe.
Lewisburg. Itec. 9, l!50
N. B. Persona who purchased at prrvct
ales of lha personal property of Samuel Vt.i !.
dee'd, and have neglected lo pay or give the'
notes, are lespeclfully requested lo call and Ktu
"Thrmt-jh hj Daylvjht I"
To tbe rubllr Xo HumMis.
BARTON. GEDDES & MARSH. hvir.
received a freh ronsigoment of
Dr. J. S. ROSE'S Family medicines,
ran oflVr them to ihe community with (treat con
fidence, having tested their efficacy and knowa
virtue, in several Instances. .At thl inclement reason or
the rear. hen r-reonare uluect to Outpki, CMS, ana
Intlammttnry A'Ttcli'M. thev will find tliee Mcd:ru-S
ailnptnl tc thoamla.lie. as very effeetoal in the reavevsi
of the caii- pmiucinir ili. ni. ard th.- re.trtrsli,-.n of wonlc4
h-til'h. ir there sre snv n main of Fcvtr swat Af tc Is
.und, they will m hv a u- prudnce a rs.i!-.
enre. and ivnevats ihe .vstem. Prerrel bv J. . Unas,
M. D-. !H,nilr of Ihe M-dical Faculty, fhil.nl.
Lewwhunr, Dec. BAUT'N. Gl'It k MARSH.
NOTICE is hereby given to the Stock
holders of the Lewisbnrg Bridge
Company, that an Klection will be held at
the house of A. II. B'.air, in the Borouuh ol
l.ewisburr;. on MnsuaT. tbe 6th day of Jsnusi).
1851, for the purpose of electing one PresiJmt.
six Matisttrs, a Treasurer and Cleik 10 eorcBCi
ihe concern of said Company for one year.
W II. 1,1 AM CAMERON, PresiJ.nl.
1 BOVT the
Ttni T lha 19th Bee. 1847. 1 cava W m.U.
Shriner a Hole for $100, payable nV
years after its date. The note was given unJ-'r
a condition lhat the raid Shriner should r.rvn
interfere ilh my inlereels in the proeecutwo
Ihe prinlinir bnsinesa in l.ewubur. But
hiving aa I believe violated lhat promise in
ler and spirit, 1 feel no moral or lesl obli(l, n
lo ray said note,and shsll not pay ii unless com
pelied so to do. O.N.WOKPE.V
l.ew.st.u.g. Uec. 10. IS50.
WIS. C. STEWART,
DEXTIST, continues lo operate en
TEETH, at moderate price He i
located neit Joor lo Pr. I.eiaer's, on F0VR1B
Street, near Mr. Blair's Hotel. (,
Thankful for past favora, he would respectfu7
aolicil a continuance of the same.
Uwisbor. Oct. 7, IH50 S
OX ibe evening of the 10th inst., on ' ,
or Market alieel. a round silver rEt'
ol Deacon's mke. iih a sold TEX in
person iravirij the same al lh rhr'nt- "
thsll be rwiiaMy rsvsardesi- -
Lv.l.u.g, Drc It, laiQ .