Lewisburg chronicle. (Lewisburg, Pa.) 1850-1859, September 18, 1850, Image 1

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Voters 711, CTsmier 25.
H. C. HICKOK, Editor,
a N. WORDfcN, Printer.
The Iewlsbnrg Chronicle U isued
trerj Wednesday morning at LewUburg, Union
county, PennTl"i.
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All communications bv mail .nu-t come post
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the EJitorial Department to be directed to 11. C.
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O. X. WORDEX. Printer and Publisher.
Correspondence of the Chronicle
Western Notes.
Mr. Editor : In my last, written at
Hirlington, (Iowa.) I believe 1 promised
your readers my idt-us of this truly great
Slate. Iowa is great in extent, great in
recourses, gnat in enterprise, and still
greater ir. expectation. I was disappointed
with Burlington, however, which has hith
erto been the boasted metropolis of the
State. I expected to see much more of a
city than what it is. Its location, on the
banks of the Mississippi's rather common
ding, but will require many years of the
enterprise that seems to evince itself there,
before it presents the appearance, that I
had pictured to myself before 1 saw it.
Several potent rivals ure springing up along
the river, so that the Builingtonians will
ic obliged to bestir themselves, if they de
sire to maintain their former position.
Keokuk, which is located at the outlet of
the Des-Moirrcs (Dc Muin) river, is im
proving very fast, and is doubtless gaining
ground upon its neighbor. Muscatine
(Uloomington) aud Dubuque, are also
evincing a commendable spirit of enterprise.
The towns generally are neat comfortable
looking, and have much the wholesome
nps?nrancc ol Pennsylvania taste and
1 have said so much of a laurfatorv
character of the hinds ir. Wisconsin and II
tijis in my former letters, that I am al
n:xt nfniH to give due credit to "he soil tod
advantages o this S:alc, for fear
your renders will conclude that I was cither
easily pleased, or that I feel disposed to
disparage my native State ; but I beg
leave to assure them, thai ( carry with me
as much State pride, and .partiality for old
Pennsylvania, as any of her boys dare
have, but it is not of a character to make
me blind to superior excellence.
Iowa is a magnificent farming country.
Corn and other summer crops are always
abundant and luxuriant. Wheat some
times fails, owing to the want of a suffi
ciency of snow to protect it from the frost,
but it is generally believed that more care
ful cultivation and skill would in a great
measure obviate the d:fficulty,the soil being
so productive that farmers grow impercept
ibly careless, and very frequently make
one ploughing answer for two crops. It is
a common occurrence to sec wheat sowed
in corn and oat stubbles, and harrowed
down, and when not d estroyed by frost,
produce sure crop. The Des moines river
country has a delightful soil and climate,
and if the river were made permanently
navigable, or a Railroad were constructed
through it, the country would be every
thing that man need desire ; but then you
may almost go where you will in lown,and
you find the same c haracter ol soil and cli
mate. The prairies are almost universally
rich and fertile, while the poorest land and
most broken, is along the streams, which
is timber land. The more northern part of
the Stale is fully as good, and having more
snow, is perhaps preferable as a wheat
Take Iowa as a Slate-, it presents many
inducements for emigration thither. Men
who have good'.farms in Pennsylvania of
their own, are as well ofT where they are ;
but a farmer who has to rent, or crop for
the shares, who can command a
few hundred dollars, can not fail to
better his condition by going there. I met
with men there, who I knew to have slaved
themselves in Pennsylvania for year on
poor farms, and had but little more than
look them out, that are now the owners of
land whose equal in quantity, quality, and
location, could not be purchased in Penn
sylvania for thousands rand there is very
little risk : it would be difficult to find as
poor land in Iowa, as some men are obliged
to support themselves and families upon by
cropping on the shares.
Were I to venture an opinion as to which
part of the State would be at this time the
most preferable to migrate to, I think I
would say, taking into eoasideration soil,
health, and geographical position, that the
counties of Muscatine, Cedar, Dubuque,
and that section of the State, have the ad
vantage, while at the same time Washing,
ton and Henry counties have fully as good
i, and are as healthy as any other ; and
should 4 Ra.Woad be built from Dubuque
to Keokuk, via Iowa city, it would make
the last named counties, star counties.
This improvement will doubtless be made
before long, as it is much agitated.
In a social and moral point of view,
Iowa is not behind) and in some particulars
is advance of Pennsylvania. Like every
other part of the West that I visited, the
traveler is annoyed with the filthy smoke
pipe ; the atmosphere, in certain localities,
at certain hours of the dayi is made fully
as odoriferous by the fumes of this filthy
appendage to western gentility, as it would
be in the neighborhood of the exploded
perfumery of a Skunk.
The educational arrangements in Iowa
ore perhaps Letter than ours. A very
large fund is raised from donations ol pub
lic lands, the interest of which is used for
educational purposes, and thus the burthen
of taxation for that purpose is avoided. In
a moral point of view, I am sorry that I
am also obliged to give the West and
especially Iowa, the preference. Intem
perance is in a great measure vanquished.
1 saw but one Hotel or public house in the
State that sold liquor. The granting ol
license is a prerogative of the County Com
missioners, who ate elected by the people;
and no man whose morals are sufficiently
tainted, to enable him to create such a
curse in the community in which he lives,
could have any chance of an election,
should one ever be found to desire it ; hence
the extermination of the legal ! traffic, in
this terrible destroyer of the human family.
My letter is much longer than I intenaed
it to be ; still, I doj not know how to
abridge L ind do the subject justice. Should
I not lie fully understood on any topic, or
should any of your intelligent readers de
sire further information on the subject, I
will endeavor to give any information I
can, in answer to a hint lo th.it effect in
the Chronicle.'' M.
Our Western friends must cover tip
their wheat beyond the reach of frost, by
using James P. Ross' (Jrain Drills an
account of which we hope to prepare for
our inside impression. Ed. Ciiron.
For the Lcwitburg Chronicle.
The Stars and Stripes.
Tbe Flu-! the Flae ! the gallant Fl" I
The Fin- of starry light I
It fin- hit hmrt to m-e thee stream
From war-fhir tow'rinjr height ;
With tturv I ws the patriot tani
That tore tlx, waring prouil.
Wh-n Stripe were ft-w. and Stars were dim,
OWurcd ty Strife's dark cloud.
Not darksnme'rlouds or Tyrant's rtt
Could still the clarion cry
(While nobly waved the Stars and Stripe)
Tia Liberty r die:"
The gallant form that liore thee on
Now fill the Conou'ror's graTe,
Cat spirit bold and brave as theirs
Still bear thy glorious wave.
With thee I see fair Freedom's chiefs,
And France's patriot son;
In thy brighffol'ts J read the namo
With thee I hear the Foldier brave,
With glafed an.lclosinfr eye.
Exclaim, "If yet the stripes float tree,
Must happily I die!"
Thy stalT Is fined In Freedom's soil,
In Freedom's brrexc doth flow,
While perched above is Kagle form,
Beat Eagle heikts below !
Thy folds may float o'er lifeless forms,
May dip in gory wave,
But never Jet Hit Stan and Stripes
Stream o'er mir f 'niin's grare I
LrnisuiEO, Sept. lSjO. Mrs. C. C. DOW.
For the Lewisburg Chronicle.
Cotton and Faction.
Mr. Editor: We read in the Chronicle
of 28:h ult. two addresses one on the sub
ject of Cotton Mills, and the product aris
ing from a proper system of Manufactur
ing, in which we find combined common
sense, talent, and reasoning, which defy
refutation. If the capitalists of Lewisburg
and vicinity should pass it by indifferently,
and without a thorough investigation, they
will certainly expose a want of energy, a
moral deficiency in enterprise, and a disre
regard for the laboring class of onr rising
youth, together with a contrasted view of
their pecuniary interests.
The other, To the Democracy ol Union
County," exhibits neither good sense nor
common honesty, for it assumes ground
which it denounces others for occupying.
We find in ii loud complaints against the
conduct of those whom they should have
acted with, charging upon them a spirit of
disorganizing, and ol faction while at the
same time the authors of the Address
admit they were in the minority in Conven
tion. Now "faction applies io all cases
to the few dissenting from the many whose
cardinal principles are the same, but dif
fering merely in come minutia, or where
personal aggrandisement and mercenary
motives desire tbe ascendency over popular
rights to subvert the honest action of the
association to which they claim to belong.
whether it be moral, religious or political.
I consider myself a Democrat, and pre
sume the allegation has never been ques
tioned, for ! revere be landmarks of her
principles as primitively taught, and desire
to practice them. Yet I never felt it my
duty to depart from a proper exercise of
my privileges by reason of a difference in
opinion from a largo portion of my fellows
with whom 1 act, and when finding myself
greatly in the minority, cheerfully submit.
This I regard as a fundamental feature ol
the Democratic creed and legitimately It
longs to every man that endorses it ; end
when I see others in the minority upcii
any question, connected with party action
should they not fuel entirely sutisf.ee!, I
would regard them as a very unsafa tribu-
nal to try the correctness of the majority, j of lbs men thus rngngrd in so disreputable
Yet the minority here profess to be the a scheme r.s we find contained in the ad
Simon Pure organs, and uttenipt dictation ! dress. O shame, uhero is thy blush?
to the whole party, by insaas of on
address unwarranted by uny precedent,
and which can not effect the uljcct lis au
thor's intend it to accomplish, but nms'
needs engender a political strife productive
of itiUch evil, and only add fuel to the
flame until Ihey shall produce their ow n
destruction, iind not llieir party's as some
would have it.
I belong to no faction, have no preferen
ces for men in the present contest, and nm
confident there arc none who have claims
on me, nnd am free to speak and act.
Diversity of opinion must necessarily
arise ; this is according to the design of na
ture ; and yet no cause of alarm should
grow out cl tli is circumstance. It is right,
and we should rejoice thct ernulatien and
Zf-al, characteristic of a freeman's ambition
become the source cf fruitful enquiry nnd
knowledge of what constitutes true political
policy, thus sustaining unimpaired our
noble constitution, the palladium of our
civil and religious liberties.
The Democratic County Convention
met in pursuance of the usages of the
party, and a large majority made a nomi
nation ; and if a few members of that body
did refuse to act, whose constituents in
structed them to participate, they alone
must be regarded as disorganizes, and the
founders of a faction, and most assuredly
the Democratic party of L'nion county
must look upon them as such, and would
feel as safe lo have them in the ranks of
the opposition, as to occupy their present
The great objection offered in the Ad
dress, is to the person of Simon Canieron,
aietir2 his ititerlcrenre. e know not
how true this may be ; but it teems pass
ing strnnge that a man residing in Dauphiiti
county cou'd control the Democrats of
Union in their nominations. This would
in my opinion be accrediting more power
and influence than I would be wuiinz to
concede to any man. I know Gen. Cam
eron 1 know him to be a shrewd politician
and in the- sphere where he moves, can
wield an influence ; but, I can not think
that sphere is Union county.
A man of our own county got the nomi
nation, he got it on a former occasion ;
and if he was entitled to it previously, he
was entitled to it now.
So much for this charge contained in
the Address. We think it too glaring up
on the face of it to be credited, and would
be a libel on the intelligent Democracy of
Union county. Our Constitution and Laws
recognize no one man power ; no political
party finds favor with such a feature in
their organization ; hence it is gratuitous
on the part of the authors of the Address
to make the charge.
The address sets foith, also, that four
teen Delegates seceded from the Conven
tion; now if those fourteen Delegates be
lieved that any thing was to be done in
consistent with the usual custom of the
party, it was their duty as the representa
tives of the people, to meet it in a proper
and respectful manner and try to prevent
it. This they did not do ; they did not
wait ihe deliberations of the Convention,
and consequently could not know that any
thing was wrong. Were there double
setts of delegates from any district 1 were
the legal Delegates admitted and none
others t or, did those Delegates refusing to
act, have in contemplation through some
secret movement thd course contemplated
by the result T They must necessarily
be termed disorganizes, and receive the
odium to themselves they wish to cast on
others. Again, did those Delegates pro
pose to address the Democracy of the
county officially ? we think not. We find
the address signed by thirty-seven men,
assembled at a future day, at a distant
point from where such business is usually
transacted.and where an opportunity would
be afforded the disappointed to slake their
raging thirst in the lorm of an appeal to
the citizens. This course we think not
deserving sympathy. And who are the
men that sign this address 7 They are all
known to the community ; several of them
have had a lurking after office and wooid
fain fatten on the spoils, could they realize
their wishes. Others have had their
names heralded forth in flaming characters
as worthy a seat in the National and
State Councils.and doubtless feel a scorch
in rebuke that the Convention paid so lit
tle attention to their claim.
In conclusion. If the Democratic party
of Union county-was predominant it might
seem reasonable that jealousy would exist
among aspirants r but finding themselves
so much in the minority, affords noground
for disunion ; and base is the man who
would depart from the majority's proceed
ings to weaken tho vote in the district, and
all to gratify t'.is pinpo.ed caprice of a
few political ncpirantj, who, when failing
to carry their own personal ends, would
seek t!if ilratruetlnn of their party. This
indeed h a commentary on the chcraeter
Reflect on your course brethren and fellow
citizen, and let the sober second though
suggest the propriety of your future action.
Koral Power.
Br UEV. tllWARll C. JOXES.
Eagle of ihe toil'c-s j'ittinn,
t'pwards to lliine erie hie,
'Mill the riajs where snunds the thuujcr
With its lioarett melody
EmMem of the ilaring spirit
When it wakes its litrnt miTit,
Anil fur action duMy harnes-cJ
Battles sternly for the right.
Where the craven hearted linger.
Ami desponds the gloomy soul,
There the brave at onre join issue,
Aud relentless fate control.
Who wouM rvarlde out enistcncc,
Like a sorg hird in the bower.
Heedless that he has within him
Elements of moral power 1
Breaking on the shore ol being.
Who would as the wavelet die.
When he coulJ have won distinction
With the single heart to try T
Then be op, and dream no longer,
Manly purposes avow,
And with great designs accomplished
Bind the chaplet to thy brow.
New Code of Collegiate Instruction.
The Boston Traveler has the following
outline of studies hereafter to be pursued
in Brmtn University, Providence, It. I.
It is a system proposed by its celebrated
President, Rev. Dr. Way lard, and is said
to resemble the course of instruction pur
sued in ihe most popular and useful Univ
ersities in the Old World. Its workings in
America will be regarded with interest.
The following are the courses of instruc
tion, lo which others may be added as a de
mand for them shall arise, which are to be
given :
1. A course of instruction in the Latin
Language and Literature.
2. In the C! reek Language and Litera
ture. 3. In the Modern Languages.
4. In Mathematics.
5. In Natural P.nilo.sophy.
6. In Civil Engineering.
7- In Chemistry and Physiology.
8. In the English Language and Liter
ature, anil rlhelurifr and Uratorv.
9. In Moral ami liitHllpciii il Philosophy.
10. In History and Polincal Economy.
11. In Diditctics.or the Tiicury and Prac
tice of Teaching.
12. In the Application of Chemistry to
the Arts.
13. In the Theory and Practice of Ag
riculture. 14. A Law School shall be established as
soon as the funds of the Institution shall
render it practicable.
The above are to be so arranged as to
enable a student to direct his attention to
any single course, for one term or a year,
or any portion of time deemed best. Can
didates fordegrees may pursue the studies
necessary to obtain those degrees a longer
or shorlcr time, according as they may be
u!i!o to prepare themselves for the required
cxamina'ion. The regular degrees to be
conferred are Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor
of Philosophy, and Mister of Arts. The
first is designed for those who propose en
tering the different professions, an J yet do
not wish to pursue n full course of liberal
education. The decree of Bachelor of Phi
losophy is to be conferred on those who
have become proficient in two modem lan
guages, the mathematics of two years, in
nnglish literature and the other courses, of
one year each, come modification of these
requisites for this degree may be made at
the option of the student. The decree of
Master of Arts is to be conferred only up
on those who have cone through a liberal
course of study, a course which may be
accomplished 111 four years, and yet be ad
vantageously pursued for a greater length
of lime. No Masters degrees are he real
ter to be conferred in course, as heretofore,
upon any individual who has been out ol
College three years.
There are to be two terms in the colic
giate year. The Gist commencing on the
first Friday of September, and continuing
for SO weeks, after which there is to be
a vacation of four weeks-. The second term
is-fo commence on the fourth Friday of
February, and continue twenty weeks, af
ter which there is to be a- vacation of eight
weeks-.- ir.i..i....rir
Curious. It is a fact that the Cnited
States have hid six Presidents in a httle
more tharr nine years.- Counting from the
1st ol March, 1841 at which time Van Bu
ren was President, there have been Van
Buren, Harrison, Tyler, Polk, Tay for, and
Tbe Texas, Ilew ET.3r.ico, ar.tl.Ccl!
fornia Bills, as pass?!
I. Texas.
A HILL proposing to the St..: S r Texas ! presented a constitution and asked admis- j
the establishment of her Northern andjs'on into the Union.wLich constitution was
Western boundaries, the relinquishment submitted to Congress by the President of
by scid Ctate of all territory claimed by (;:e United States by mossige, dated Feb
her exterior to said bo.tnd:irii'.,r..id of all ru,ry ,hirtefr.th, eighteen hundred and fif
her cl lims upon the United States. , ... ,
lie 11 enacieu ivc. ; i-- .j"'o
propositions shut! be, and the same hereby
are offered to the Sta e of lex-.-., a.uch . of :l,prc,cnt,ltlvM of ,he unlted S,a,M of
when agreed to by'the said State m an act : Am(rica ; c ra asst.m!)!td That the
passtJ by the C.cal Assembly, shall l!Sfa.eo, Cahfcmia shall bo one, and is
nm liinr and ch iL'atorv ucon lli3 L-'uiieo
.States nnd upon the said State of Texas ;
Provided, That said agreement by tho said
General Assembly bha'.l be given on or be
fore the 1st day ol Decernler l':0.
Firnt,T'c.o Stata of Texas will agree that
her boundary on the North sh-tll com
mence at the point at which tiie meridian
of 100 degrees west from Greenwich is in
tersected by the parallel of 33 degrees and
30 minutes north latitude, and a '.all run
O C-
from said point duo wr-st to the meredian
of 103 decrees west fr-jni Greenwich
thence her boundary shall run due south
to the 3id degree of north latitude to the
Rio Bravo del Norte ; and thence with the
channel of said river to the Gulf of Mexico.
Second, The State of Texas cedes to the
United Slates all her claims to the territory
exterior to her limits and boundaries, which
she agrees to establish by the first article
of this agreement.
Third, The State of Texas relinquishes
all claims upon the United States for lia
bility. for the debts of Texas, and for com
pensation or indemnity for ihrj surrender
to the Uuited States of her ships, forts, ar
senals, custom houses, custom house reve
nue, arms and munitions of war, and pub
lic buildings with their sites, which be
came the property of the United States at
the time of the anexation.
Fourth, The United Slates, in consider
ation of said reduction of boundaries.cession
of territory, and relinqusihment ol claims,
will pay to the State of Texas the sum of
ten millions of dollars in a stock bearing
five per cent, interest, and redeemable at
the end of fourteen years, ihe interest pay
able half-yearly at the Treasury of the
United States.
Fifth, Immediately after tho President of
the United States shall have been furnished
with an authentic copy of the act of the
General Assembly of Tex-is, accepting
these propositions, he shall cause the stock
to be issued in favor of the State of Texas,
as provided for in the filth article ol thi
Provided, also, Thai five millions of said
stock shall not be issued until the creditors
crV the saul S:te, hoidinjr bonds of Tex ts.
for which duties or, imports were spei-iti
rally pledged, shall first file, at the Treas
ury of the United States, releases of all
claims against the United States for or on
account of said bonds.
II. New Mexico.
The first section of this bill enacts that
all that portion of Territory cf the United
States, bounded as follows, to wit : Begin
ning at a point in the Colorado rivcr,where
the boundary line of the Republic of Mexi
co crosses the same ; thence eas'wardly
wilh said boundary line to the Rio Grande;
thence following the main channel of said
Kiver to the parallel of the 32J degree
north latitude ; thence eastward w ith said
degree to its intersection wiih the 103d de
gree of longitude west from Greenwich;
ilience north with the said degree of lon
gitude lo ihe parallel of the 33ih degiee
of north latitude ; thence west wiih said
parallel to the summit of the Sierra Madre;
thenre south with the crest of said moun
tain to ihe 37th parallel of north latitude ;
ihence west with the said parallel to its in
tersection with the boundary line of the
State of California : ttn-nce wi'h the said
boundary line to the j;!.:ce of beginning.be,
and the same is hereby, erected into a tem
porary Government by ihe name of the
Territory of New Mexico. ProviJed, That
nothing in this act contained shall be con
strued to inhibit the Government of the I
United States from dividing said Territory
into two oi more Territories, in such rrfnn
ner and at such times as Congress shall
deem convenient and proper, or from at
taching any portion thereof to any other
Territory or State. Provided1, further, That
when admitted as a State, the said Territo
ry, or any portion of the same, shell be
received into the Union, with or without
slavery , their Constitution may prescribe
at the time of their cdmissioff.
The seventeen'! section enacts that the
provisions of this bill be suspended until
the disputed boundary between the United
States and the State of Texas shall be ad
justed ; and when such adjustment thall
have been efTMfftJ, the President of the
United States shall issue his proclamation
declaring this act to te in full force and
operation, and shall proceed to appoint the
officsrs herein' provided to be appointed for
1 imt Territory.
III. California.
A BILL for the admission of the State o"
California into ihe Uniori.
i.treas, the people of California h-Jre:
to be republic-.n in its form of government.
He it enact :il bv the Senate nnd Itousn
hereby declared to be on", of the United I
Stales of America, -.ad admitted into the
LVion on an cquul lootirij wiih the origi
nal Slates, in c'l respects whatsoever.
Sec. 2 .'2nd be V further tnar. ted, Til
ur.ti! the representative! in Congress shall
be apportioned according to an actunl enu
meration of the inhabitants of the I'nited
States, the State of California slir.ll be en
titled to two Representatives ia Congress.
See. 3. .Ind be it furthi r enacted. That
1, saiJ ga.e of California u aJrait;ed
into the Union upon the express condition
that the people of said State, through its
Legislature or otherwise, shall never inter
fere with the primary disposal of the pub
lic lands within its limits, and shn pass
no law, and do no act, whereby the title
of the United States to, and right lo dis
pose of, the same shall be impaired or
questioned ; and they shall nevcrjay any
tax or assessment of any description what
ever upon the public domain of ihe United
S:ates ; and in no case shall non-resident
proprietors, who are citizens of the United
States, betaxcd higher than residents ; and
that all the navigable waters within the said
State3hall be common highways, and for
ever free, as well tojhe inhabitants of said
States as to the citizens of the United
Slates, without any tux, import, or duty
thetefor; Provided, That no'liing herein
contained shrill be con.-tru'd as recognizing
or rejecting the propositions tendered by
the people of California as articles of com
pact in the ordinance adopted by the con
vention which formed the constitution of
that State.
Take Care of the Pence.
One of the hardest lessons for many of
t our young men to learn, is that trite and
sterling doctrine of Poor Richard, "Take
care of the Pence, and the Pounds will take
care of themselves." Bit, hard and dis
tasteful as it is, we must learn and Tbac-
tii'e the maxim, or take the still harder
alternative of poverty and want.
We have no inclination to teach any of
our readers a lesson of miserly meanness
or littleness. The miserable Muck-rake
who consecrates his energies to the saving
I of the shreds and fragments andsweepin
"ml '" "s uo Ul,,male "JC.
1:-. :-. k; .t. . ..1.: -
"'"c " m",u,c " oc,"S "s ,ne lnosl Proa'-
gal spendthrift. What we desire, is to save
the thoughtless and wasteful from future
embarrassment and trouble, by putting him
on a course of economy "and care-taking
in his ordinary expenditures. This is all
that is necessary, and all we wish.
Hundreds of young men, some of whom
may read this paragraph, might this day
have been in possession of a snug little lor-
tune, if they had simply dispensed with su-
I perfluous indulgence during the time they
have been engaged injbusiucss. ' It would
have cost no sacrifice of generous fcelin".
or of respectability ol character, and be
sides thii saving of money, it would have
been attended with the acquisition of a ha
bit of minute economy, or precise attention
to the small details of daily business. hkh
is itself worth more than money ; which
is in truth the most productive kind of cap
ital. In this country, and as business is here
managed, a little capital gives a young
man great advantage, especially if along
wiih it he possesses superior business tal
ent and habits. And the fact that he has
saved fiotn a small income a snug little
sum iu the course of a few years, is itself,
pretty good evidence that he has the right
habits and abilites to succeed well, and no
introduction or letters of recommendation
can speak so loudly in his favor. At the
same time the buoyancy of mind and spir
it which this advantage inspires in the
young adventurer himself, is often C mate
rial help to him in his luture undertakings.
In every respect ho appears in favorable
contrast to those other young men who,
though placed iu circumstances equally fa
vorable, have acquired no property, con
tracted bad habits, and feel jaded and dis
couraged by their unfruitful toil.
It has a great and happy effect upon
one's own mind and energy, to feel that a
beginning is made that a foundation is
laid to build upon and if for no other rea
son, lor this, every young man should look
well to see wtmt becomes of his first earn
ings. It is comparatively easy to add to
a stoik, HottiVef .frha'f, less easy to think
of beginning one.
We repeat our advice, then, olJ aud oft
fcpetSr nn "t Take care of the
pennies, the first earned pennies of youth
ful endeavor, nnd the pounds of after life
wilt take care of themselves. Dry Goods
The Pin and the Needle.
Lem Smith, ihe 'cute and philosophical
editor of the Madison Record, tells the fol
lowing wilty faMe, which Is as coed as
anything we hdvfe seen out of J?op. A
pin and a needle, says this American Fon
taine, being neighbor in a work-busket.
and both being idle, began lo quarrel, a
idle folks are apt to do : .
"I should like to know," s-iij the pin,
" whit you are good for, and how you ex-
ner-l In r..i ,l. t . i .
1 e" "'gu tne woria without a
head?" What is the use of your bead.
repueu the nee.Ce, ruber sharply, if you
have no eye?" What is the use of an
pm, 11 there is
something in it
am more active.
and can go throu-h more work than you
can.' said the needle. Yes, but you wilt
not live long.'' - Why not V "Bjcjus
you have always a slilrh in your side,
said the pin. " Vou are a poor crooked
creature," said the needle. And you are
so proud that you can't bend without break
ing your back." I'll p! jour head ofT.
if you insult me again. I'll put your
eye out if you touch me ; remember your '
life hangs on a single thread," said the pin.
While ihey were thus conversing, a little
girl entered, and undertaking to sew, she
very soon broke off the needle at the eye.
Then she tied the thread around the neck
of the pin, and attempting lo sew wiih it.
she soon pulled its head oil, and threw it
into the dirt by the side of the broken nee-
dlo. "Well, here we are." said thp nil.
" We have nothing to fight about now,"
said the pin. " It seems misfortune has
brought us to our senses." " A nitv we
had not come lo them sooner," said the
needle. 'II.,w much we resemble hurr'Sn
beings who quarrel about their blessings
till they lose them, and never find out they
are brothers till they lay down in tbe dust
together as we do."
" It should be the duty of every faniilv
to receive at least one newspaper; and
that should be the one in wh'ch the family
is most interested. First subscribe for the
paper in your own immediate vicinity ; in
it you will find what you shi!d certainly
know all that is transpiring in your own
State nnd neighborhood.' Scott (Pii'l
adelphio) Weekly.
This is undoubtedly the iiu; d.irrim',
and we hope that our friends will profit by
the remsrk. In the country arid the im
mediate neighborhood of the press, the citi
zens of different ends of the county fre
quently come together in converT'lots
courts, elections &c; and thus an ac
quaintanceship is engendered and cultival
ted. This will make all interested in each
other's w.-lf.re, 0 some extent ; and n.
country paper is tl.e chain which, tacitly
and magnetically, binds together citizonV
and parties.
V.ki will find the want of a ritv nnner
stealing upon you in due time: and with
that corscitmsrfe?s, will come also, a way
to pay the subscription.
I.ut your local paper is the occ which
sustains you. and looks lo you fer suppor
in return. Ik-re, your little occasional
printing jobs are executed here, your
business is advertised here, will you find
a record of your friends decease here, a
notice ol their joyous wedJimrs hem ih.
news of the day the accideu's of flood
and field; interspersed wiih which, yoj
always find the material occurrences of
state and na-ional politics. Support your
coimty p'rpiT.Cutumbii f), m .
Fruits of War.
The army f 1813 was composed cf
recruits Irom eighteen to twenty years of
age. Illness, fatigue.and misery decima
ted l.en. Ol" the 1.260.00O raised in
1813, there remained in 1914. to defend-
the soif of France, hut one hundred thou
4 sand men aoove the nroun.t. . tt
D "
suli of the various conscriptions mado in
France between the years 1731 and IS13,
we find that fnur millions Act hundred
thousand Frenchmen were blown to pieces
by cannon, brought down by musketry,
impaled upon bayonets, or cutdoon by
broadswords and sabres ; and by all this
sacrifice France obtained literally nothing
not so' much as one square inch of
ground added to its tcrritoml limits in her
wars of t7C0."
The London Times follows up the above
calculation, and computes the loss sus
tained by the allies at ten millions of men,
cut t3"piec3s- ib the prime of life Tho
mind can scarcely realize such a agonal
and horrible picture. And ye? ff.is" enor
mous sacrifice of human life produced no
advantages for which the cost of a single
life would not have been too dear. We
look with loathing and hatred upon those
savage tribes which periodically offer hu-.
man sacrifices to their gods. But their
blind yet honest zeal is pardonable, and
their destruction of life but limited, com
pared with the pyramids of bloody obla
tions which civilized men ofTerat the shrine
of national am 01 tier., nvnrice, and revcrgrV
Richmond Repubvc-'.