Newspaper Page Text
From the Sew Yerk World. g Fi
Cooked Food for CatUe Vain of
Boots In rattlag Cattle, Etc.
Westo. women! Co., N. J., )
March 6th 1890. S
Pof.Mabs Dear Sir Enclosed you
have an account of any receat experiment,
mad al your request, in feeding cattle
.with eooktd food, 4 e-
1 selected two pair of cattle from among
eight pair, which were similarly conditioned,
and which 1 had fed alike, and for about
the aame time. They were weighed on the
first of January.
No. 1 weighed 1620 Iba.
Nos. 1 and 3 were fed during January
on 9 lbs. of eorn and oals, (not ground) in
the proportion of nine parts corn to five
parts oats by measure.Bnd boiled in a three
barrel kettle, in which was placed thirty
aii gallons of water, oite and a half quarts
of salt, and about seven bushels of grain
mixed as above boiled this mixture for
two hours, using an armful of dry wood
and two bushels of corn-cobs ae fuel. 1
then cover the kettle, placing over the cov
cr a horse blanket, keeping in the steam
and preventing too rapid cooking and by
ihia maam the contents of the kettle will
remain warm and soft until fed out.
Nos. 3 and 4 had 10 lbs. of ground feed
mixed in the same proportion of oats and
rem (but not cooked.) each day. In every
other particular all four were fed alike
each pair having a small quantity of car
rots and turnips each day, with as much
common hay and corn stalks as they
choose to eat
On the first of February'ihey were again
No.l weighed 1725 lbs., having gained 108
2 1650 106
Weight FeblJt,85?5 ibs.
Jan lst.3370 Gain in 1 month 309
Nos. 1 and 3, it will be recollected, had
cooked food during the month of January,
and gained 205 Iba.
No 3 weighed 1790 lb., having gained 80
No. 1950 40
Weieht Feblat.3300 Ids.
Jan lst.1180 Gain in 1 month 130
Nos. 3 and 4 were fed on raw feed
ground, and one pound per day grea
ter in quantity thaa that fed to Nos. 1
and 2, (not ground, but cooked) and still,
elthough in every othey articular they
were fed and cared (or alike, the diflerei.ee
to favor of cooked feed is very large. The
expense of grinding being greater then the
expense of cooking, the economy is every
way in favor of the cooked feed.
Gain with cooked feed, 20.1 lbs.
Gain with raw feed 130
Gain in favor of cooked feed, 89 lbs.
On the first of February I ceased to use
turnips and carrots, and substituted beat
clover hay for common bay and corn
Fearing the great difference in favor of
cooked feed might arise in part from the
peculiarity ol the cattle, particular state of
health, or some other accidental cause.
now changed them, and put Nos. 3 and 4
ion the cooked feed, and Nos. 1 and 3 on
he raw feed.increasing the quantity of feed
to each pair, one pound.
Previous to commencing the experiment
on the first of January, each pair had been
accustomed to use some roots, pumpkins,
and this may account for the change
am about to describe after a discontinuance
of the roots.
From the 1st of February to the 1st of
March, Nos. 1 and 3 were fed on ground
it feed. Nos. 3 and 4 on whole cooked
On the 1st of March they were weighed
Nos.3 and 4. on cocked feed, had gained 47
Nos 1 and 2. on raw feed, had tamed 22
Difference in favor of cocked feed 39
It will be seen from the above, that nls
though the cooked feed at least cost contin
ued to produce most growth, and in about
the aame relative propoition, still each pair,
when fed with roots in addition, gained
much more rapidly then when fed on grain
and clover alone.
1 would rem' rk, that 16 Ibs. of corn and
oals in the proportion before named, when
looked, will weigh, 3i Iba. If you think
he above would bo useful to your readers.
tou may publish it in the Working Far-
tan. Yours truly,
Tha above letter is ol inestimab'e value.
and we hope our readers will repeat the
experiment fairly. The results obtained
by Mr. Campbell are in accordance with
those of other esperimenlore, and should
io longer be confined to the practice of the
We hope Mr. Campbell and others will
experiment further and ascertain the com
parative value of carrots and turnips for
fattening catile, when used with cooled
corn, or cooked corn and oats. The pe
culiar property of the carrot is togeleniia
iie the watery contents of the ttomach.and
thia is due to the ptciit acid contained in
lb carrot. Food whoa gelatinised, i more
easily disgeated.aod hence.iastead of large
portions of starch, gluten, &c, being was
ted excrement, it will beappropriatea u
U$h making. We bel ieve the same facta
to be pertinent in relation to mi! tows,ano
wa do not believe that at the usual prices
of corn and other grains, that milk can be
furnished at a coat of less than two cents
per quart, without the use of carrots or
some other root, and cooked feed. We
fed our oxen one winter on cut corn stalks,
steamed until awolien and tender, with
cooked corn meal ; they worked hard du
ring the whole time, and were well condi
tioned in the apring.
Our readers will recollect the letter of
Mr. P. Mason, of Somerville, in our last
number, in which he states that his pork
led oo cooked corn, coat him but 4 cents
per lb. We have since learned, from an
other correspondent, that by cooking his
corn and feeding it to hogs, it paid hint
ninety -eight cents peribushel. Ed. W.F.
From the Maine Fanner.
Digging Potatoes vs. digging Gold.
We have been favored by Mr. Wine-
gate Froat of Limington with a copy of the
Columbia Courier, published in New Bed
ford in 1802. We have perused the ven
erable aheet with a good deal of interest.
The following extract is most applicable to
our times, since the California excitement,
and demonstrates that Agriculture is there
mora to be depended upon aa means of
prosperity than mines of Gold.
It is related that a certain Chinese Em
peror, when a rich mine had been discov.
ered and opened in his dominions, ordered
it to be abut ; alleging it would injure the
public, by diverting the people from the in
dustrious pursuits of husbandry. This
imperial mandate was not so chimerics
and unreaaonable aa most people might
think it to be. Anything that tends to
general relaxation of industry ia a public
evil, and, even though it should bring tem
porary riches, would be sure to terminate
The acquisition of the Spanish mines
rendered the Spaniards, firstly rich, then
laiy, and finally poor. Aad if there are
now vastly rich and extensive mines (a
thing not Impossible) within the United
Slates, far distant be the inauspicious day
that ahall discover them to the inhabitants.
The discovery of such mines would be a
great national calamity, as they would be
come a substitute for industry, snd would
tend, first to idleness, pride and luxury,
and ultimately to national poverty and
wretchedneas and more particularly, as
they would draw off the attention of people
from cultivating the aurface of the earth
which ia an infinitely better aourae of na
tional wealth, than digging gold from ita
In such a vast agricultural country as is
ours, husbandry ought to be the first snd
principal occupation, which should employ
at least nine tenths ot its male inhabitants.
And men who would be expert and excel
lent farmers, must make this their only
calling ; for it is a business that requires
atudy and forethought, and daily care and
He that by the pinafh would thri.
Himself muat cither bold or drive."
The Milk-maid's Ear-Guard.
Every one who has bad gumption"
enough to milk a cow, has experienced
(he miseries of a rap, now and then, over
the ears, and sometimes ia the face and
eyes, by that effectual fly-brusher the
cow's tail. This is most troublesome in
fly-lime, but sometimes a cow, either be
ing naturally ticklish, or uneasy from
some other cause, will use her lath in
mid inter, w hen that appendage is not in
a condition to give you a very favorable
idea of its savory or odoriferous condition.
We have often thought that some simple
mode of obviating this evil would be of
great service to milkers ; but we could
never hit upon anything that euited us,
and so we have always, when milking,
borne the infliction like a martyr. Being
at Col. Swell's, ia Hartford, Oxford Co.,
not long ago, we saw his son, while milk
ing, use one of the most simple, and at the
aame lima effectual contrivances for pro
tecting your eara, in such cases, that you
can imagine. On inquiring into the origin
of it, we were informed that it was believed
to be first used (in that vicinity, at least,)
by the late John Allen, of Peru. It ia
made in the following manner :
Take a rope of good site, say that which
is called inch rope, and cut a piece off
about six feet long. Tie the ends together,
and make a loop hoop. Spread this open,
and throw it over the cow's back, in such
way that the upper part of it will lie across
the loins and forward of the hip bones, and
the kinder part full over and enclose the
rump of the cow, and hang down about
half way from the root of the tail to the
bocks and gambrel joints.
This is all, and poor mully will God on
whisking her tail, that there is a limit to its
circuit, and, although it ia neither tied nor
chained, nor slavery entailed, the "area
of its freedom'.' is nevertheless essentially
curtailed, and the milkmaid's eara no lon
ger assailed AfoiiM Farmer.
Farmers frequently notice that some of
heir neighbors slip to town and sell their
produce when the price is up. But tney
never notice how it is they always hit the
market. Tha secret ia very simple. They
taka the newspaper.
xLEWISBURG CIIKONICL.K AND WEST BKANClt FARMER
NctDs & Notions.
The subiect of land titles excites earneat
diacussioa ia Sail Francisco, and holdera
are likelv to be disturbed under the laws
governing the sale of municipal lands.
Tha water of the Red Sea appeara to be
32 feet higher than the Mediterranean ;
and the Gulf of Mexico is 38 feet higher
than the Pacific.
We have no objection to newspaper
borrowing, provided every man lakes one
A larire fire occurred at Cheeres on the
evening of Saturday, March 23d, by which
a large part of tha town was consumed.
The assembly of New York, on Friday,
oassed a homestead exemption bill by a
vote of 87 to 34. It has since passed in
Senate, and become a laur.J
The earth is believed to increase in heat
a degree in every 19 to 20 yards in depth.
Mr. Calhoun married, in 1811, Miss
Florida Calhoun, daughter of John Ewing
Calhoun, fcr many years U. S. Senator
from South Carolina. By her he had sev
en children five sons and two daughters
Mountains present their precipitous faces
to the sea and their slopes to tbe land.
Major Gen. Sir Hercules Pakenham, G
C. B., brother of Sir Eiward Pakenham,
who fell at New Orleans, died in Antom,
Ireland, on ihe 7th ol March.
The Clover Crop. The Hagerstown
Md. News aays that it ia a pretty general
opinion, that owing to the unusual severity
of the weather tor the peat month, the
crop of clover has been greatly injured, if
not entirely destroyed.
It ia estimated that the Sugar crop of
Texas next year will jield 10,000 hlids.
The Cleveland (O.) Plaindealer notices
the death of Dr. Sainl Strong, of Elyria,
after a abort illness, occasioned as was
supposed by a newspaper attack upon his
There has been a great freshet ia the
Mohawk, and much property carried off.
The water was higher than ever before
About fifteen Million Dollars of Celifor
nia aold have been received at the Philad.
Mint up to this time; while the value of
the property, including gold and silver,
taken nut ol the countrv to California, ia at
least fifty Million Dollars, leaving the bal
ance of trade strongly against ua.
Passengers may now go from Philad. to
Pittsburg in no hours, without ataging at
all ; the Central Kail-Road being finished
aa far as Jackstown, Huntingdon county
Abraham Lockwood, aged 91. a rich
merchant in New York city, committed
suicide last week, by cutting his throat, on
account of business perplexities, aad the
fear of coming to want.
A correspondent of the New Orleans
Crescent, writing from salt Lake, IJeseret
giving an account of the Mormons, says :
" There is a great number of settlers Irom
Alabama and Mississippi, who have come
lo this place with their negroes and hold
thrm hire the lame at they did former
The omnibua and stage proprietora of
New Tork lose annually t.SuO horses.
Benjamin Bender,who killed his brother
in Perry county, some time since.has been
acquitted by the Jury on the ground of
nsanity, and sent to the Penitentiary for
The publishers of the Charleston Mer
cury have published an edition of "John U
Calhoun's last Speech," on satin, arranged
for framing, at $2 plain, and $5 in gold.
Sterrett's large flouring 'mill, recently
burnt at Lewistown, will be in operation
again by the I9th of August.
The first Printing in England it is stated
was executed on the 36th March, 1471.
The Washington Republic of the 12th
says, Mr. Clias. vvilson, connected with
the Coast survey, was married on Wed
nesday evening lo Miss Little of Washing
ton cit, and on Ibe following morning,
the bride found her husband dead in bed
beside her. The jury of inquest had the
matter under investigation, and returned n
verdict that his death was caused by intem
perance in drinking spirits.
The California Legislature has divided
the State into twenty-five counties.
A child of John Turner, of Camden, of
7 years, fell from a fence a day or two ago
on a sharp stick, which penetrated to his
bowels and caused his death after some
hours of exciutiating pain.
When the man-of-war. Constellation,
was prepared to leave Norfolk in 1846,
one moonlight night, two rats were discov
ered on the plank coming into the vessel.
The former was leading the other by a
straw, one end of which each held in his
mouth. Both were captured, when the
surprising fact was discovered that the one
led by Ihe other was stone blind. His
faithful friend was trying to get him on
board, where he would have comlortable
quarters during a three years' voyage.
The latest advices from Liberia are flat
tering. Agriculture was flourishing, and
commerce rapidly augmenting. 1 he Leg.
islature adjourned on the 6th of January.
J. J. Roberts had been re-elected President.
Mr. Dickinson, of New York, is about
to introduce a bill in Congress to abolish
copper cents, and lo substitute in their
place a coin about the size of a half dime.
composed of silver and copper.
Mr. Fletcher Thompson, who resides
upon the east side of Attean Pond. Dead
River, Maine, fell a pine tree, a few days
since, from which he obtained four Blare
and four thoutand feet of lumber. This
is what a printer would call a jmt take.
Boston, April 6, 1850.
The family of Ihe late Dr. Parkman, to
day, paid, voluntarily, to Mr. Littlefield,
the 63 000 reward offered by them, aooa
after Dr. Psrkmsn'adisanpearanee.
H. C. HICKOK, Editor.
O. N. WORDEM, Fabliahsr.
At $1.60 aJh in bItwm, $1,7 in thm month ft paM
within the jroar, and t'A'M at " J"
AgtnU in Philadelphia V B Palmer and K W Cue.
Wednesday Morning, April 17.
The Legislature of New York last week
passed a$1000,Homestead Exemption bill,
which has been signed by theGovernor.and
is now the law of that State. We quote
the following comments thereon from the
"The obligation to pay debts ia not foun
ded in human laws, nor bounded by them.
A debt is not paid because the debtos has
a certificate of bankruptcy ; it must ever
subsist until discharged in full or by a com
promise to which the creditor is a party.
But a man is under other obligations than
those lo his creditors 'Obligations to his
God, his country, his family and himself.
He has no moral right to starve himself
nor freeze his children in order to pay a
debt sooner than he otherwise could doit
he has no right lo pledge what is indispen
sable to his family's health in order to help
a friend or make a speculation. And what
he has no right himself to do.the law should
not compel him to do. Hereafter, in so far
as the Homestead is concerned, the law of
New York will not attempt it.
"We trust that among the fruits of this
Exemption will be greater circumspection
and discrimination in granting credits.
Credit is one of the best things man has de
vised and about the worst abused. Thous
ands live on credit who have no right lo
any such thing. None but an honest man
ought lo be able to pass his word instead of
coin a rogue's word is not worth its face,
no matter how rich he may be. No one
should have facility to run in debt for the
means of ostentatious display, of sensual
gratification or of hazardous adventure.
Earn before you spend, should be the gen
eral rule, and credit should be extended
mainly to those who use it to fit themselves
with the means and implements of useful
"We trust that among the fruits of this
Exemption will also be a mora universal
desire, a more self-denying endeavor, to
own and enjoy Homes. Almost any young
man who knows how lo work at twenty
one might at twenty-six own a cottage and
lot if a city mechanic, or a tolerable dwel
ling end forty to one hundred end sixty
acres ol fair land if a farmer, if he should
really and steadily try. It is not the thing
thing to marry and take your bride to some
other man's house it is not fairly taking
her home. If our young men would ear
neatly, consistently try to have a home or
their own, there need no great proportion
f them come short of it. But to effect an)
thine they must try thoroughly put aside
frolics and balls, eschew idleness, pitch the
sparkling glass sheer overboard, and send
the tobacco or cigar-box spinning after it
And will not the assurance that if they
hereafter acquire homes no reverse of for
tune, no unlucky endorsements, can turn
them out of the premises thus made their
own, impel thousands to new exeitions
to secure Homes ! We believe it almost
know it. Free Homes for ever !
There is quite a spice of romance
connected with the Chilisquaque marriage
published in our Hymeneal record this
week. The groom, who now works at
the boat-yard here, was formerly a sea
faring man. The bride is from South
Carolina ; and her lather, and her former
husband, both of whom have been dead
many years, were wealthy planters. Some
five years ago, the young widow made a
visit to England, in company with her
brother, a southern gentleman of fortune.
and on the return voyage they embarked
n a vessel in which the groom was serving
as a common sailor. By some accident
she was knocked overboard in the harbor
of Liverpool, sank to the bottom and was
given. up for lost. Our hero, however, did
not abandon the search. A slight change
in the position of the vessel, discovered her.
the water being remarkably clear, lying
on the ground, twenty feet below the sur
face, and apparently deaJ. He instantly
plunged to the bottom, seised her by the
hnir and brought her to the top ; a large
lock of hair being pulled out in the attempt
and which is still preserved. After some
hours of persevering exertion, she was fi
nally brought to. and perfectly restored.
She was deeply grateful to the preserver
of her life, and on the homeward voyage
she formed a strong attachment for him,
and a union for life was resolved upon.
Their plans were, however, frustrated, and
for aevetal years they never mei. In iba
meantime her fortune became impaired.
Some three or four months ago she heard
of his location here, and immediately
came on from Charleston to see him. Her
unele, however, overtook her, and carried
her back. She came on again, some three
weeks ago, but was confined to bed for
some time by sickness. Recovering, on
last Sabbath evening the long deferred
nuptial knot waa tied, and ihe rescuer aad
rescued are now united in a life partner
ship, for better or for worse.
WrNew Goods -Ex pee'rt next week
It is so seldom that printers, especially
ia the country, gel the upperhand of for
lune so far aa to afford lo be gentlemen of
leisure, that a live specimen of tha kid
would make a fortune for Barnum, if he
should have the good luck to spot ' him.
But if any of our cotempotariea should
have sufficient curiosity to rail on us for
the purpose, we could iU them to the
head quarters of precisely such a vara wa
in a sabuiban villa, some ten furlongs
from where e pen this article, an ex-editor
and printer reposes upon his laurels
otium turn dignitatt, (with oceans of
dignity,) and with no ghosts of delinquent
subscribers to haunt him, enjoys life like
a philosopher. Supposing it possible for
any one cf the fraternity to be out of har
ness long enough to make auch a visit,
they would probably find him, like Robin
son Crusoe and the Kinderhook Magician,
devoted lo scientific agriculture, in which
t in saifl. he lakes neculiar delieht. But
by way of diversion, resorting occasional
ly lo his dog and gun, to the tuppoeed
danger of the feathered inhabitants of the
neighboring groves, as they always take
the hint and tamote when they see his
' shooting stick ' fired at them. Sometimes
also, he may be seen, taking a steadfast
observation at a cork buoy floating on the
surface of the neighboring stream, to ahich,
if he is not absent-minded, is generally ap
pended a writhing temptation for tbe pisca
lory tribes, whom he would invite out of
their native element into his frying pan
for he ia a great naturalist, and has strong
faith in such chemical modifications. He
fills up the gaps with a careful perusal of
his favorite and only newspaper, the
Chronicle. luxuriating, while so engaged,
over a prime cigar, whose fragrant clouds
supply him with timber for air-castles.
bike all contemplative persons, he ie fond
ofsolitud; but in sunny weather, seldom
fails to appear in 'town, regulating mat.
ters and things in general, meditating upon
the fluctuations in Market a'.reet turnpike
slock, and enlivening 'Change with his ton
mote and bizarre narrations, that prove
the fertility ol his fancy, and the exuberant
cheerfulness of a light heart; although
mixlo Munch ausenorum, (in the Munchau
sen style,) and in defiance id tite mari
mum, (of that essential rraxim.) Verita
Satanum peirnlia prt valebant, (be pre.
veiled lo tell truth snd aflame the devil.)
The Major is " one of 'em " emphatically.
and we regret that the necessity of keeping
up our usual variety, forrea our friendly
notice to a close Verbum nil tapienti
OThe New York Daily Tribune in
commencing tha 10th Volume, haa been
enlarged to a double sheet quarto form, af
ter the manner of the leading London
Journals, but wirhoutany increase of price,
.in experiment which can only be sustained
by increased advertising patronage, as the
publishers have to pay almost all they get
lor the printed sheet lor the white paper
they use. The Tribune is unique in its
character. Scarcely a dozen persons
among the thousands of its readers could
be found In agree in opinion upon the mul
tifarious doctrines in politics, morals die.
that find voice in ite columns, yet almost
every one can find something to suit them,
and the pnper displays so much talent and
energy, and furnishes such a fund of va
rious and accurate intelligence,that ita mer
its are of a high order, and its future
prosperity will doubtless greatly outstrip
its pa it remarkable success. In speaking
of the progress of business, the complica
tion of intereste.and the general diffusion of
the Electric Telegraph, in these go-a-head-times,
the Editor aptly aays :
"Tha time ia at hand when the common
farmer, who just now fancied tl.at he lost
his money ia a thriftless indulgence whea
he subscribed for some cheap Weekly.will
find that he can not do without a Daily,
though he should never read any thing in it
but Ihe column devoted to Markets and Pri
ces, lie might as wisely attempt to econ
omize by using an eleveoeth-centuryp low,
or letting his horse go unshod, as by allow.
ing his omjietitors and the buyera of his
products to have the news a day ahead ol
him. Rapidly as the taste for readino- n
pands, the necessity of reading ia fast out.
fCr"The Sullivan Esgle" is the title of
a new paper edited and published al Cher
ry, Sullivan county. Pa., for "the Proprie
tors, but who they are is not stated. Id
motto is "Snllivnn County, and her inter
est," but as they are likely to he, as here.
tofore, somewhat conflicting it is hard to
tell on which side of the fence the Eagle is
likely to be found. In politics it appears
to be non-committal, its mechanical ap
pearance is creditable. Wo wish it and ihe
new county all reasonable prosperity.
The village of Cherry is likely to flour.
ish. as we see two lawyers and one doctor
P. S. The county records oe..of Sul.
liven have been legislated back to Lanorte.
...... uuTciuur is io appoint inree Com
missioners to locate the Seat of Justice, .
fCT We learn that two of the large
New York boats, that left for tide last
week one from this place, and one from
Selinsgrove ran on tha rock- in the Con-
ewago falls. But they lie in such a posi
tion thai they can be got off. without much
tajiry , at 'he first rise in tha rwr.
An act haa been passed providing that
hereafter "no person ahall be entitled to
damages done lo his or her crops, land or
premise by the horses, cattle. a ine, or
sheep of another person.ublese such crops,
land or premises were enclosed with a
substantial fence, at least lour and a half
feel hiKh." WoaJer how our farmsra
and 'tha rest of mankind' will like that 1
Gov. Johnston has vetoed tha Appor
tionment Bill.and others were immediately
reported ia both Houses, but are not yet
Tha Conference Commiitee'on the Bank
Bill have reported, but no final action his
been taken on tha subject.
The Harrisburg St Sunbury Rail-Road
Bill has passed finally also a Supplement
to tha Lycoming Mutual Insurance Com
panyand a bill for a State Road from
Millerstown to M fflmburg.
As tha hundred days draw to a close,
business is hurried thro in great confusion.
Omnibus bills, covering almost every sub
ject under the heavens, and to which all
kinds of amendments are attached, are read
by their titles only, and rushed through,
without one-fourth of the Members know
ing what they are voting on. The corres
pondent of The Pennsylvanian says:
"This mode at legislation is rich in the
extreme, and it has gone so far that no title
indicates, in the slightest particular, the
object of the bill. Ail manner of corpora
tions are created under eover of the title.
It is a faat way of legislating, and no mis
take. While ihe farce is going on, the
space immediately in front of the Speaker's
Chair is literally crowded with members.
all anxious and jostling each other out of
the way, so that they may find a " habita
tion' for their particular bids. To-day
the crowd becan.e so boisterous, that the
acting Speaker, Col. Biddle, ordered mem.
bers to take their seats, or their amend
menu would not be received."
CO" We have just learned that the Fji
rest divorce bill has passed the Hou.o by a
vote of 43 lo 40, eighty-two in all. Oi tbe
ballance of the 100, Cve were absent, and
thirteen dodged, ant having the nerve to
face the music. Thus, money in the hand
of an unprincipled husband, lias triumphed
in this ruthless crussde against an absen
and defenceless wife, whose reputstion and
marital rights hsv been thus far destroyed,
on the osteasible ground of ouepieion mere.
ly suspicions created by the esparto af.
fidavits of a baud of hirelings, backed up a
Harrisburg by the influence of the base
panderera to crime hn annually intent li e
halls of legislation. The evil will cure it
self, however, although many victims will
doubtlese suffer in tha meaatime. The
double dyed infamy of thia ease, will kelp
to open the eyes of the sober and upright
peopie oi ine common wa:tn, to lit iniqui
tous proceedings of their representatives,
ana ine uiuma n result win oe ine impost,
lion of stringent constitutional restrictions
upon the power of the legislature to med
dle unduly with the private affairs and do
meatic lies of the community.
P. 8. CONGRESS!
The California question begin lo assume
definite shape.nnd to command the definite
attention of Congiess on it own merits
The project of msking it a stalking horse
for all the unpopular questions which the
South desired to settle, and to make the
admission of the (Slate the condition o
obtaining everything else they wanted,
begins to fail. It is a question of itself,
worthy of consideration and action on its
own merits, (and the proceedmge of the
Senate on ihe 11th and 12th inst. indicate
a diaposition lo act upon it la this light.
The Census Bill is under discussion, as
a!o a cheap postage bill.
There is a strong probability of a change
in President Taylors Cabinet.
The Clerk of tha House. Mr. Campbell,
wae lying at the point ol death.
The Whig State Central Committee, at
a meeting held in Harrisburg the 13. h uit.
appointed n ednttday, the 19th of June
next, at Philadelphia, for ihe Annual
Whig State Convention to nominate a
candidate for Canal Commissioner.
The Lycoming Gsaelie say s tke Demo,
cratic State Convontion (which is to meel
at Williamsport on the 29th May next) will
probably, io addition lo the nomination of
a Canal Commissioner, be required to
select also candidates for Auditor General,
Surveyor General, and Attorney General of
the Commonwealth- which oflicea have
been made elective by a recent Act of
Assembly. Wa think i: would be the belter
course for the Convention to present a full
ticket at once, and save the inconvenience
and delay of estling another Convention.
On Ik ouiaide impreaaion of this paper
we commence an excellent tale from the
pen of an estimable clergymaa in Douwine
town. Pa., forcibly ilustraiing;tha mode of
ma and privations of the Irish peasantry
The htier portion (which we ahall publish
neit week) gives a graphic description of
ihe terrible Irish famine in 1848. It is
throughout well worth a perusal.
Funeral of a Poet. Foreign papers
state that at the funeral of the Danish
ODBLE-ecHiAOEa, who expired lately of
popiexy. in ine eighty nrst year or his
ago, upwards of twenty thousand parsons
were present The streets through n,h;i,
- i ., . . y -
the procession passed were atreweil ;h
aand green boughs and the houses hung
e b'sck flags hemmed vfc v!vt.
Wo respectfully refer our correspondent
. (see first page,) to the following
ex'tract from the Fourth Article of the Con
stitution of ike United States : ;
"No person held to service or labor in
one State, under the laws thereof, escaping
into another, ahall, in consequence or any
law or regulation therein, be discharged
from such service or labor, but shall be
delivered up. on claim of tha party to whom
such service or labor may be due."
0y In the April No. of The Maerdo
ian." Fanny Forrester, (now wifa of Rev.
A. Judson, the veteran missionary,) ad
ministera a raustir, scorching rebuke to T.
S. Arthur, for an ill advised attack, io one
of hia magazine eketches, upon the mis
sionary enterprises of the day. This cas
sation was richly merited. Mr. Arthur
is a popular writer, and has dona effective
aervice in reforming the manners and mor
al of the community, in social end secular
affairs ; but it would be well fur him to
tarry at Jericho until hi heart and
intellect become better enlightened, before
he steps out of his way lo give a gra
luitoua fling at enterprises, whose merits
sad moral sublimity, he is, by hie oao
showing, illy qualified lo appreciate..
63- We learn Irom the Muncy Lo-i.
nary, that M:ss Martha S". Eves, died in
that borough on Monday eek, from lbs
effects of a slight wound, received while
breaking stone coal, a fragment ol v.h;Lh
struck one of her fingers. A small parti,
cle that remained in the flesh was extract
ed, but inflarr.ationaferwardsset in.wsich
in a short time affec ed her whole body,
and resulted in her vpeedy death.
C7The weather on last Sunday wis
stormy and intensely cold. It blew a per
fect gala all day. Ice was formed half so
inch th'tk. It is mi.der now but tbe sir is
still frosiy and keen.
aa'ernian from Bradford coutity
was drowned at the Shamokiu Dam :!
week, and another had an arm takeo i ff,
io trying lo land a raft of logs.
O Exercises in Declamation
and Composition of the L'ntverst y C'atssi
at li o'clock this afternoon. Go I
B7"Maj. John Cummings or 5el it
grove, has been appointed Cargo Iatpectwr
t Columbia. Pa.
We are anxious for the elevation of ibs
Is borer, but he can never be elevated ui.l 1
he ga'ns mora independence, and this bs
can never get until he learns to practice
that economy which alone can raise hint
above the fear of want. Ta'k as you pleaas
about soul and spirit, but when man is Ion,
pressed by animsl wants he becon es moio
and more the animal. Witness ti e hiaV
spirited son of Erin in their hungry degra
dation. If the laborer wants lo be able to
resist the encroachment of opital ha mutt
learn to provide in summer for the cold
and storms of winter. Pittsburg Visitor.
Facra ! Faors ! Give us facts. Rbet
eric we do not appreciate. Philosophy we
do not fathom. Facts e can comprehend.
These God gives, and he gives no more
the fact of nature.of history, and of Scrip
turegive us these in their bold, solitary
grsndeor, or in their true relation ; give
them to us in their variety, frequency, ar.d
(repressiveness, with which God gives them-
Give us these y e men of the school-room,
of the press, and of the pulpit, and we will
hear you ; and our common sense end con
science will endorse, while our memory
treasures up your testimony.
Mahxiid In MarcelIus,N Y..39.h bit.
by Rev. Levi Parsons, Mr.Sylvester Smith
to Miss Lydia Duncan, Mr. Serenn Smith
to Mies Cothia Duncan, and Mr. Chsrles
Duncan to ML-s Emma Smith all of that
place. Tnese marriages were solemnised
at the house of Mr. Benj'n Stanton Smith,
fiither or Sereno and Emma, and brother
of Sylvester Smith. Charles Dnncan is
brother of Lydia and Cothia, and all tle
parties except Sy lvester are under tweni
years of age Skaneateles Col.
Corrected this Day.
Wheat 03a 106
In Lewisburg, 14th inst., David SPt.
aged about 45 years.
In East Buira'lo,l4th inst.,JonM Wiisc",
son or Stephen D. and Mary Chappel.aged
2 years and 30 days. Suffer little child
sen to come unto me, and forbid them not,
for of such ia the kingdom of heaven."
In Kelly Tp., 7th inst., after 36 hours'
illness of scarlatina, Benjamin Tatloi.
son of Thomas Romig. aged 3 years ans" 9
In Milton, 12th inst.. Damibi. Fcbfbst
aced 45 vears.
Cameron Guards You are
hereby commanded to meet st
the house of A. H. Blair, Satur
day May 4th. fully equipped Icr
drill. Bv order of the ( aptair:
N. B. At which time and place aa
Election will be bald kr od Tin