Newspaper Page Text
Far Iht Lmuburg CkronUU.
Book Fannin, j
Mr.Edi:or : BookFarming is very often
laughed at by cur Dutch fanners, but it is
noceasa ry in good practical farming. What
little experience I have had in book farm
ing, has been invaluable to me. It has
helped to keep my wheat from turning to
cheat, and taught me how to !ow clover
cad without regard to the sign in the moon.
Having read the Albany Cultivator for
eight year, I have Warned a great many
improvements. Hid I read the Cultivator
or same other farming paper thirty years
ego, my farm might be middling well im
proved by this time ; now, I only begin to
see that a great many things might and
ahould be done, of which years ago I had
not thought, being content with doing as
cty fathers had done before me. There
ere many farmers like me, who see where
improvements may be made ; and if we
read the Cultivator, or the Lewisburg
Chronicle, we may often catch a hint or a
fact that would be worth double the sub
The relation of the experience of my
friend over the river with plaster and lime'
was very satisfactory to me. I agree
with him, as to fresh limed bind ; but
w here there was.no lime br three or four
) ears, I believe the plaster will have some
good effect, and especially in a dry season.
I hore "J. M. N. will give us more of
he observations, as he is not only a prac
tical farmer, but also a book farmer.
A mas can see on passing a farm,
whf ther the owner is well acquainted with
agricultural and other newspapers; for if
a farmer do not read, he will soon be be
hind the times in tliis go-ahead country,
where every one must act for himself.
Row the time waa whf r the farmer, when
his week's woik was dune, in place of
reading aiid storing his mind with useful
matters, would go to gome store or tavern,
and there pitch quails, play on a checker
board, or some o'.her foolish things. These
times are nearly passed, but I am sorry
tosayeucb things are yei sen in some
places where they must be doing a poor
business not lo be busy about something
lo benefit th rnselics or others. 1 said you
could tell by the looks about the farm you
pass, whether there is any book farming
there. If the fences are all in good order,
if there is ' a place lor everything, and
everything in it place," if the buildings
and board enclosures are painted and
whitewashed, you may safely say that
man has the good of agricultural publica
tions : buton the contrary, when you see
n farm without good fences, everything
going to waste, no painting or white
washing (unlets the good frottw dors it,)
and no handsome yard or shrubbery, ycu
may honestly y that man don't believe
in book farming, or he is far behind the
flying tiT-ej. A Dctch Faemdb.
Fountain Hill, E. Bjflalo,April 6.1S50.
From the American Agriculturist.
Qualities of Lime,
AND ITS C-ljIFARATn B VALCK IK FARMING
The questions ere frequently asked,
which is Ibe moat useful fof the Held, oys-tcr-ahell
or mineral lime f Is not magne
sia n lime always injurious! fs lime or
marl the best fertilizer T Numerous other
and somewhat similar inquiries are con
stantly made by farmer?, most of w hich
would be eaci'y resolved by their own
minds, did they possess a tolerable knowl
edge of the leading principles of lime, marl,
magnesia, and their application. An en
tire vol-iine might be appropriately occu
pied with the consideration of these impor
tant ferlil:zr, but we must content our
selves with the eccupsncy of a page or
Lime (carbenate of lime) constitutes a!
moat the entire portion of limestone, mar
his, chalk, oyster shells, and others of ma
i:n or fresh water origin ; and marls sel
dom contain leas thin 5iO, and frequently
as high ss 70 or Sir per cent, of carbonate
rf liir.e. It is a compound substance made
op of to jiroximute principles, carbonic
ncid and lime, in the proportions of 46
acid, and 4 lime. Kach of the above
ccntaia two distiucl principles termed ulti
mate, because we do not know that they
K.i be decomposed or separated.
Quieklin.e is the condition in which lime
is left after bjrning liir.estene, chalk, or
marl, which expels the rarbonic acid. It
is composed of oxygen ( gas) about 89 6,
and ca'cium (a metal.) 71 4, in every 100
parts. Curbonic arid isfmade up of oxygen,
about 7'-. 4, arid carbon, 27.8, in every 100
parts. The metal has the same peculiari
ty when exposed to air, as potassium, the
base of potash, when exposed to water. It
lake fire and burns will, great intensiiy
until atnra:ed with oxygft:.ben (be above
proportions are Again rc established. So
much f-r the-e compounds, the; knowledge
of which will nit be uui.nportant to the
thinking agriculturalist, in tracing their
various rhanges and application. Nor
are oiher'rharacteristics less so.
If c,uicll.me is exposed to the air, it ra
pidly alMirU about one third its weight nf
vapor ; er if water is thrown upon it, ihi
iniant' combines with the lime, until it
fs"he ht riiol of aa'uWinn. This
compound is called the hydrate of lime, and
is the condition in which freshly applied
lime exists in the soil, when spread and
incorporated with it. After a limehow
ever it gradually combine with carbonic
acid, forming an imperfect carbonate ; and
it is the alternate absorption of carbonic
acid and other gasses.and their relinquish.
ment to the demands of growing vegeta
tion, which, in the yet unsolved mysteries
of agricultural chemistry, is deemed one
of the most beneficial results of the action
Lime is a direct food to planta, consti
tutmg a part ol the ash ol all ; but it is
found in much greater proportions in some
than in others. 1,000 lbs. of dry pea
straw, sainloin, red and white clover, each
contain from 20 to 30 lbs. of lime, while
lucern has nearly 50 lbs. Eveiy other
cultivated plant requires a considerable
quantity of lime to mature and perfect it.
But in addition to this, and its aid in bring
ing the gases (the organic portions) to ve
getables, it greatly facilitates and deposes
those chemical changes in the inorganic or
earthy parts of soil, which are so essential
to furnishing the plants with all they may
Liir.e serves the further purpose of alter
ing and improving the mechanical texture
of soils. Its greater density and weight
induce its settling through the adhesive
masses of clay soil, thereby opening them
to the Iree admission ol air and moisture.
Where these lands have been underdrained
and the subsoil plow has been used, the
application of lime is invaluable. The ad
dition o( moderate quantities of manure on
fields thus prepared, insures prolonged ef
fects. When applied to light and sandy
oils, with the addition of vegetable ma
nures, lime compacts and renders them
more adhesive. The manures, roots of
grasses, &c, are thus combined in a fine
mould on the surface, forming proper
conductor and radiator of heat, an absorb'
ent ef moisture, and the must appropriate
bed for the roots of plants. Lime seems
to exert a' further, and most improving ef
fect in both clay and sandy soils by indu
cing those chemical combinations in their
constituents, which tend materially to cor
rect their inherent defects. By rendering
clays more porous and friable, and sands
more adhesive, their mechanical tex'ure
is made to approximate as nearly as pos
sible, towards the perfection of each. It is
used with great effect on peaty coils, as it
hastens the decomposition of the vegetable
matter, and diminishes its porosity and
sponge-like texture, thereby rendering
less absorbent of water in excess, which is
one of its greatest faults. For such soils,
it ought always to be applied in its caustic
condition, as quicklime.
Lime acts favorably for vegetation, by
correcting the aridity of the soil. It not
only combines with and neutralizes most
.f the acids found in soils, or that find their
way in them from springs, but it also de
composes and renders available for the
wants of plsnts, many substances which in
their natural condition are really noxious
Lime decomposes the inert vegetable
substances in the soil, and converts them
into an immediate and appropriate food for
the crop. It is in consequence of this fa
vorable action and the large increase of the
crop thereby secured, that the vegetable
manures, and so much ol the mineral ele
ment as are required by plants, are speed
ily abstracted. The consequence is, that
deterioration of the soil inevitably follows,
unless other manures are added. The
lime simply enables the soil to yield in
few years, what would otherwise require a
greater number. But these augmented
crops furnish the means of perpetual and
increasing fertility, even if a part only of
the excess beyond the ordinary yield, is
appropriated for this purpose.
fCT" It is essential to the favorable ac
tion of lime, that the soil contains a full
tuppfy of vegetable matter; and when
the lime has been applied in excess, or it
ceases to act, more vegetable matter most
be added. 1 he elljct ol lime is Rut per
ceptible in the soil the first season it is ap
plied, end its full influence is seen only af
ter the second or thirl. Its effect is great
est when kept near the surface.
New Sole of Raising Wheat
An experiment has been tried in Iowa,
and recorded in the Prairie Farmer, by J.
A. Roaseau, where two bushels of wheat
and one of outs were mixed and sown to
gether in the fall, on one acre. The oats
shot up rapidly, and were, of course, cut
down by the frost. They however fur
nished a warm covering for the earth, and
when the snow fell among the thick stalks
and leaves, they kept it from blowing
away. This covering prevented the win
ter killing of the wheat, and the oats yield
ed a rich lop dressing for the crop the fol
lowing spring. The result was an abun
dant crop, while land precisely similar
alongside of it, and treated in the same
manner with the exception of omitting the
oats, was worthless. Will some reader
try the expeiiment the coming season, and
give us an account of the results t
Bee Moth. Where peach leaves, poun
ded with salt, are put under a bee-hive, 1
have not seen a bee-moth. Although my
' hives have heretofore suffered much from
this snorce, the adoption nf this plan has
caused the moths lo "come out missing."
I Prairie Farmer.
1.EWISBURG CHRONICLE AND WEST
Nans & Notions
Two daily German papers are now pub
lished in Milwaukee, making,! daily pa
pers for a city not yet 14 years old. ,
Dr. John Doner, of Huntingdon coun
ty ,is said to have committed suicide on the
4th inst., by taking a large quantity ol lau
danum. The rash act was committed.il is
alleged, in consequences of the marriage
of a young lady to whom be was aeepiy
The New York Tribune thinks another
Revolution in France is inevitable and near
A detachment of forty-five men belong
ing to the first regiment of U. States Dra
goon, left the Carlisle Barracks on
Wednesday, for Santa Fe, under command
ol Major Graham.
Elihu Burritt says that the best cough
drop for young ladies are, to drop the
practice of dressing thin wnen iney go out
into the night air.
The farmers' daughters of Massachusetts
sold straw hats and bonnets last year of
the value of t.61,590.
Abbott Lawrence, American minister to
London, has taken the house of Lord Cad
auan. at a rent of $10,000 a year, just
1,000 more than his whole salary. His
nrivate fortune however is near a million
Jesse A. Cunningham, of Mifflin county,
died very suddenly on Saturday week,
The Convention called to revise the Ohio
State Constitution, will be democratic by
a decided majority.
The Union Fur Company has been
verv successful last year. Over 4,000
packs of Buffalo robes had been brought
Toronto. Canada, April 5,
Incessant rains, with a rapid thaw of
the snow, had for two days, produced a
ureal freshet in all the rivers in this part
of the country, carrying away bridges,
mill-dams, quantities of timber, and other
Two members of the late House of Rep
resentatives of Louisiana, Mr. McCraine
and Mr. Livingston, were seized with the
cholera on their way home after the ad
journment of that body, and both died be-
lore they reached tneir residences.
California is described by Senstor Sew
ard, as "the yo'ithlul Queen of the I'acilic,
in the robes of Freedom, gorgeously inlaid
Mrs. Partington asks, very indignantly,
if the bills before Congress are not counter
feit, why there should be such difficulty in
The Jacksonville fAla.) Republican,
announces the death, on the 19th ull., of
John Chandler, at the advanced age of 104
years. He served seven years in the rev
olutionary war, under Generals Green
and Summer : and participated in the bat
tles of Eutaw, Camden and Cowpens, and
other skirmishes with the tones.
The dwelling house of J. W. Reed, of
Lycoming t'p Lycoming county, was des
troyed by nre on me v;n inst. noss
3S0. No insurance.
In dry pasture dig for water on :he brow
of a hill ; springs are more irequentiy
near the surface on a height than in a vale,
We have reports from Texas of contin
ued Indian depredations.
In Villa Clara, Cuba, a young woman
recently was safely delivered or lour chil
dren at a birth.
. The prospect of an abundant grain and
fruit crop in Ohio is ssid to be very flat
tering. The Alexandria Gazette says that the
market is supplied with some fine new po-
tstoes from the Bermuda islands.
A sale of 1,500 bushels choice Missouri
red wheat was made in the St. Louis mar
ket on the 23d ult., at $1,20 per bushel
exclusive of sacks.
Mr. Calhoun's original work on the
constitution, which he had been some
years engaged, was completed in Decern'
It is said that South Florida is well
adapted to raising coffee; they should
cultivate it now that there is a diminution
in the supply of coffee, and a consequent
advance in prices.
Eleven Camels were imported into Bal
timore last week from the Canary Islands.
They are intended fir the fir west, to test
whether they can be raised and acclimated.
Another Rvlly for the Union. The
Port Gibson Herald. published in Claiborne
county. Miss., contains a call for a Union
meeting signed by two hundred and filty
two of the most substantial citizens of that
eounty. Mississippi is last coming right
on this question.
The New Orleans papers of the 3d inst..
ways the cholera has assumed an epidemic
The cholera has appeared at Camden,
Ark., and three deaths occurred on the 21st
The powder miil at New town, N. J.,
was blown up on the 2d inst., and two
boys killed." There were a 120 kegs in
the house at the time of the explosion.
An earthquake was sensibly felt at Lou
isville, Ky., and New Albany, Ind., on
the night of the 4th inst.
Curious Coincidence. The body ser
vant of Mr. Calhoun died on Sunday night
the evening of the same day his master
An extraordinary eruption of Ml. Vesu
vius occurred in February last, a naval
..flicer writes: " It is at least fifteen miles
distant, yet its thunders, which are inces
sant, jar the cabin windows. It throws up
a column of flame, at least a thousand feet
above the crater. It certainly surpasses
every thing that I have ever before seen.
It is awfully sublime. The lavs has burst
through the cone, on the east side, opposite
t,i o, ind now flows in s stream, shout a
quarter of a mile wide, fourteen miles into
the country. In its course was a village
and a palace, both of which were swept
away by the fiery torrent and destroyed.'
It is stated that several persons who visi
ted the mountain, bad been killed and in
jured by the falling atones. Midshipman
Bayard had his arm broken and mangled
by a stone, end died three days after.
H. a HICXOC, Editor.
O. H. WOBDEW, Publish!-.
At gl-M h in adraner, $1,75 in thrts months, ft pais
wiUiln ma jmt, ana fau at um ana or, u yi.
Acanta in Philadelphia -V B Palmer and E W Can.
Wednesday Morning, April 10.
Varied and beautiful as is tha scenery of
the United States, there are still many ol
its most striking and magnificent features
that repose in almost primeval solitude,
unknown to the world at large, and but
little appreciated by the few scattered set
tlers who have chanced to locate in their
vicinity. An Alpine precipice in South
Carolina, bearing the name which heads
this article, (derived from a fancied resem
blance of a portion of the rock to a human
countenance,) furnishes a remarkable illus
tration of thia fact.
A glance at the map of this section,
will show the reader that the Aliegheaies
bound that State on the north-west, and in
places extend several miles over the line,
From the foot of the Blue Ridge, as it is there
called, eastward to the shore of the Allan-
lie, the country is an inclined plane of grad
ual and uniform descent Cor two-thirds of
the way, when it becomes low and level,
and covered with pine forests. The upper
part is rolling and diversified, but presents
no high hills or mountain ridges, and is
covered with forests of oak, hickory and
short-strawed pines. Up ocar the moun
tains but a few scattered plantations appear
to break the wildoess and uniformity of
the scene, and they are from ten lo fifteen
and twenty miles apart. We may remark,
in passing, thai it is in this remote region,
a few miles from the Pendleton Court
House, that the lamented John C. Calheun
had fixed his residence.
Not far from Greenville? and projecting
from the south side of the Blue Ridge, is
the celebrated Table Muuutain, with its
rocky crest lilted to the giddy beighih of
twelve hundred feet. It has hitherto been
the centre of attraction for strangers and
travellers, who, of course, find their way
to it from the lower country, and as they
do not happen to come down over the
mountains from the oorth-west, go away
in total ignorance of the incomparably
greater magnificence of its near neighbor,
Cesser's Head, all the while in lull view,
but its peculiar attractions generally un
known and therefore uovisited. But re
verse the point of approach, and let the
visiter come leisurely on foot, as did our
informant, Mr. M., in November last,
down through the picturesque and roman
tic valley between the ridges of the Alle
ghenies from the Virginia line in Ashe
county. North Carolina, towards the Pic
kens' Court House, in South Carol ns, and
he will stumble in his way upon scenery
that in scope and sublimity has no psraliel
in the known World.and once looked upon
will be treasured amongst the heart's best
memories until celestial glories burst upon
life's parting vision.
Passing thus along the valley, you leave
Black Mountain on your left, lifting its
rounded cone above the clouds, densely
clothed to the very top with the balsam fir
Irse.which gives it an aspect dark as night,
without iu starry brightness. A short
distance south of Ashville you have a fine
view of the Blue Ridge on the east, and on
the west, at the distance of thirty miles.
and in striking contrast, the lofty peaks of
the Iron Mountains meet your eye, their
mantle of balsam firs giving them a hue ol
almost ebon blackness. The whole valley
lies high, but beyond Henderson, (where
Mr. M. was informed in a vngue, indiffer
ent way that a pretty good view could be
had from a place oo his route called Cic
sar's Head, and of which he had not before
heard.) the country rises gradually, but as
Mr. M." said, without indications of any
grent elevation, except the temperature,
sparse vegetation and stunted growth of the
pines, until the narrow foot-path turned
off rather abruptly to the left, and after
proceeding a few rods, an opening in the
trees on the right gave him a glimpse of
scenery of surprising extent and beauty.
"Turning of! a few steps from the path,
appearances induced him to move guarded
ly. He placed his hat on the ground with
a stono in it, lo keep it there, and moving
along oo his hands and knees among the
rocks and boulders that lay scattered
around, with a strong north-easter blowing
at his back, be suddenly found himself oa
the perilous edge of a precipice of primi
tive rock two thousand eight hundred feet
above the level of the country below the
first thousand feet as perpendicular as a
plummet could have made it, and tha re
mainder rough, rugged and precipitous.
And what a prospect lay stretched out be
fore him ! He said that if ever ejaculations
of prayer and adoration went up from his
heart to the Almighty, it ki i tmt mo-
BRANCH FARMER a
ment. - All the land-views comumeu ma.
. - 1: I .k.i
he hsd tver looked upon, and the sublimest
scenes he had ever encountered upon the
ocean wave could not compare with the
amazing panorama that now met his stsr
lled gaze. .... ,. .
Close in to the right at a distance of teu
miles, you look down upon Table Moun
tain, while beyond, in the same direction,
the Blue Ridge bend sround wesfwsrd
until it soon recedes from view. In front,
eye and brain fairly reel as they attempt to
measure the dizy deptha below, where the
early fiost has tinned the leaves withcrim
son and gold. To the left, the mountain
you stand en passes oo out of sight to the
north-east. Then, from centre 10 circum
ference, sweeping that vast semi-circle with
a radius of ninety miles, so far off into the
dim blue di.tince that the eye falters in
its flight, you look upoa a seemingly illim
itable, shoreless ocean of foliage, arrayed
in uature's gorgeous autumnal robes.thread-
ed here and there by silver streams, ana
reposing in the mellow sunlight as still and
pulseless as aa Eden sabbath with no
break in the horizon, no cloud to dim the
sky above, and no high hills or mountain
gorges to disturb the uniformity below.
After lingering for hours over this scene
of entrancing beauty, our friend found his
way, by a circuitous, dangerous route el
three miles to the foot of.the mouatain, and
spent the night with a hospitable planter.
He here learned that an officer of the
American navy who had traveled extensive
ly in Eurue and Mexico, as well as in
the United States, had a short lime before
visited that neighborhood, and after sca
ling both,, these elevations, assured his
host that in all bis travels he had
never found scenery that could at all com
pare with the transcendant beauty and sub
limity of the prospect from Caesar's Head.
The Semi-Annual Examination of the
several Classes of the Lewisburg Universi-
will commence on Monday afternoon
next, in the Academy building, and contin
ue until Wednesday noon.
The exercises in Declamation and Com
position, will commence at If o'clock, P.
M., of Wednesday, in the large room in
the third story
The citizens of ihe town and vicinity are
cordially .invited to attend on these occasions
and we have no doubt will be agreeably
entertained, besides atiording by their pres
sence stimulus aiid encouragement to the
arjWe have been favored with a copy
of the " Norih Pennsylvaniaii," a Demo
cratic paper recently started in Bradford
county, by VVein Forney, his printed in
quarto form, well edited, and presents a
very neat and tasteful appearance. In
politics, it will, in some things, have to
breast heavy adverse currents of popular
opinion, yet if its editor possesses a tithe
of the talent and energy of his distinguished
namesake, Col. Forney of the Philad
Peansylvanian, he will doubtless make his
mark, and his influence will be felt, in that
- The Working Farmer," is the title of
a monthly periodical.on our table, published
at New York by Kingman, Cross & Co.,
and edited by Prof. Jas. J. Mnpes, devoted
to Agriculture and kindred subjects, which
it discusses with great thoroughness and
ability. It is a pubication of sterling
merit, and should receive a liberal patron
age. Terms 91 a year. Each No. con
tains 34 large pages of closely printed
gC7The small-pox is said to be raging
at Columbia, Pa., and as the lumbermen
are now moving up stream in considerable
numbers on their way home, there is some
danger of this loathsome disease spreading
along the river. Inoculation is the only
reliable preventive, and the sooner it is re
sorted to, the better.
OThe recent elections in Connecticut
have resulted in a signal Democratic victo
ry. The Democrats have a sufficient ma
jority in the Legislature lo elect a U. S.
Senator, and Governor ol iheS'ate, no one
of ihe gubernatotial candidates having re
ceived a majority of ihe popular vote.
IC7Rev.M.J.ALtEJi some time since
accepted a call to tbe Pastoral chargcof the
Lutheran congregation in this place, and
has this week removed to this place from
Northumberland where he lately resided.
He comes among us under flattering au
spices. (CrThe Philad. " Spirit of the -Times"
of the 8ih inst., comes down on legislative
divorces, and the means and men employed
to obtain them, with terrible severity.
Right, say we. No terms that can be em
ployed are loo strong for the merits of
some of these atrocious cases.
7Maj. Gen. Kase has appointed Mr.
H. S. Graham, of this place, Division In
spector of the 8th Division Uniformed Mi.
litia, with the rank of Major, and Gov.
Johnston has issued his commission accor
dingly. Clf the " Miltonian'' wishes more
'aid and comfort' in behalf of Freeland'
county, we respectfully suggest that a copy
nf the Petition on that subject, oo our first
page, would doub'less have a conclusive
effect on the Solons at Harrisburg.
ICT-Col. John Rigler (brother of Col.
Wm. Bigler. of Clearfield, Pa.,) is Speaker
of the rioiue rf Representatives, in Cali-
NARROW ESCAPE. Oo Sunday evening
laat, shortly after dark, while psople fedemlly
wars at church, the dwellinz-hoaas or l-oi. lu
Slifer, in this place, narrowly cacaped destruction
by Ria. Mia. 3. having occasion K pen me
ataiiwsy leading lo tha attic cbamtr oer the
kitchen, diacovsred it to be Sited wi.n a dense
volume of amoks, and a lot of comfoiU and qoilla
hanging on a line men all in a blase. There
wae no person in ibe bonte with her eice pt her
little children, bat with grseV presence of . Blind
abe instantly aeueJ a bucket of water and dsahed
it oo the flame, and ran to tbe pump for more.
Phe penered in ber effni u until the fira was
gnt under, and by tbe time ber liule eoo could
alarm tbe neigbbora tbe moel imminent dang cr
Tbe firs is supposed to havs originated from a
lighted candle, which had been carried thro the
chamber a short time before by tbe girl. Thia
cte is a warning that oeght not to I e forgotten.
It ie impoeaibl lo be loo careful in causing
lighted caridlae about a building.
Mceert Fuck & Slifer bate this spring launched
fifteen of their large coal boat each of S00 tone
burthen, for a New York Company. Tbe laat of
tbe fleet took their departure down the r.r lo
tide on Monday last. Sen boats have also Dean
launched lalalj from Selingrove, where ibey were
built under a sub contract. This make tblriy
two boats that ibis cn'.erprieing firm bate aent lo
New York city since last Mjj. They this week
removed their Boat Yard to this tide of the river
on tbe north 'bank of Ibe Buffalo Creek, at.d
slreadv have five new frames on tbe atockt. We
andorslandthey have taken s contract lo bui d
eighty more of these boat, in addition to their
former contract. Their buaineaa now gives cob-
atanl employment to near 300 banda.
17 Yesterday people were bury making gard
en, eowing lettuce, eeuirg out oniona. pianiing
peae end potato, etc., and to-day the weather
ie cold and wintry, and lb moantaine are envel
oped in snow elorms. P. S. It baa einct mod
erated a bale.
l7The Wbiga haa carried Rhode Uland,
tiihout anv oroosition worth counting. No
wonder for tbe Governor elect ie en EJiwr.
U. S. CONGRESS.
In the Senate there have been some asi
mated discussions on tht California question
Col. Benton and Gen. Shields (D in havs
defined their posiiioo. The former advo a
ted the immediate admission of California
separate from any other proposition. Th
latter signified his intention lo obey hi in
structions in favor of the Wil;nol Proviso;
asserted the constitutional su'hcrity l
Congress to restrict slavery, sod deprrca
ted all movements to promote sections
strife, lie was in favor of any proper
terms of Compromise, lut said California
should be received at mice by hi-ra If, and
good governments established for the terri
tories. The South must give up its bop
of an equilibrium as an absurdity.
In the House there has been nothing
done of importance.
ft"The magnetic telegraph via Potts
vil'e, is now in operation as fr as Danville
wherent the citizens of that p'ace are
vastly pleased. Not s however, the
good people, st ;the county sat, to whom
the wires do not condescend lo revest any
of its passing secre:.
In giving place lo iho f dlowiu letter it
may be well enough lo remark that it wis
written by a citizen of th-s county, ho is
a radical Democrat-1
HaRRisBTRv, April 6, 18S0.
Mr. Editor : In compliance with your
request, I proceed to give you, very briefly,
seme of the facts and fancies. As you no
doubt hsve learned, the Apportionment Bill
has pasted both houses. Speaker Best voting
in favor of it. Mny of the more reason
able and candid of both parties regard it as
rather a geremander. We learn that an
entftuiias'ic mectiog of the citizens of
Dauphin has been called this evening, to
request of Gov. Johnston lo veto it. How
ever, it is generilly understood, among the
knowing ones, ihat he will do this without
any solicitation, on the ground of its " un
The Forrest divorce case, which has ex
cited so much interest both in snd out of
the legislsture, after being twice defeated
in the Senate was for the first time brought
up, in tbe House, on yesterday afternoon
Col. Slifer, who very justly looks upon it
as a most infamous case, called for the or
ders of the day ; this brought down upon
him the dire indignation of tha friends of
the bill. He however stood up fearlessly,
for his rights and Ihe rules of the House ;
maintaining that at this Iste stsge of the
session, the lime of the House should not
be consumed in the settlement of petty
family quarrels, lo the exclusion of more
important business. After all the applian
cps which have been made use of, (such as
the giving of suppers, the employment of
a lot of borers, Ae-.) it is very doubtful
whether the present legislature will dissolve
the matrimonial bond in this case. Mr.
Forrest is rather noble in his appearance,
though he did not fully meet my expecta
tions. He lacks that free, opea counten
ance which is somewhat indicative of
character, and which is so prepossessing
He appears to be a man of about forty-five,
full of life, and in ease and gracefuloess of
manner, he possesses tbe very poetry of
motion, which he has acquired by a long
and successful career upon tbe stage. I
confess a certain feeling of awe at first
stole over me, on beholding the man who
had electrified audiences the most refined,
both in ibe Old World and New, by his
great powers, but this wss in a great meas
ure dissipated by reflecting upon ihe low
and most unhappy position which h at
present oWnpim. 'i ..
Taa position of our Representative on
the subject of divorces, is what all moral
and peace loving citizens must adroit to be
correct. Ue knows of but oh raws
which should justify it, end that fairly es
tablished by judicial investigation
By the way, Col. Stifcr is a represent?- -tive
of whom the citizens of Upioo, irre
spective of party, have just cause to bs
proud. His manly beariog and strict m
tegrityof character command tha high
respect of his fellow-members. As a geo
tlemao he is courteous and attentive, sub
stantial proofs of wh,ch I myself received.
Although this is but his first session he he
already secured, ss it requites no very ex
perienced eje to observe, a strong influence
in Ifca House. ILs is thai silent and most
effective influence which does net rsu't
from wordy speeches, which n-aks o
much fchow in tevpaper reports, but no
The Houses hsve not fixed oa any tit.-
to adiouru, nor is it muth talked ot ss yet.
Some members ate of the opinion that from
the press of public business, ihey may not
be able to adjourn before the lit of May,
although the coe hundred days" expire
on the 10'h inst. Yours, iie..
Bj tin Earn;, to Match S3.)
Kossuth and his cumjiniuos hire beea
removed by the Turkish-government to
Kutania. in Asia Minor. This etep waa
agsio-t their will, and tbey went very
Louis Napoleon is very unpopular.
Things seem quiet in France and lerm-
ny, but it is evidently the calm which pre
cedes the storm. There wi! be trouble la
Prussia before very long.
Aa inucia'.ion of the Danube has caused
immense injury in Iljngary. especial'y st
Comorp, Rsb, and tie Kapar d'&titcts.
Fifteen thousand teisi-ns hse taktn re
fuge at Kiub in the greate-t des.iluii jo.
In Russia the alternations of heat atd
cold have been quite unusual and severs ;
the cold his been more intense tins ear
'ban in the memory cf irai.
It is currently ruiwored that its IV
will Irate P.ir'.icts fi r Rome either to tL
7th or t the lO.h of April.
Tl.e Aulrians are for.ifyin their.!
al Spoil-to. The French are hyhly di
p'easrd nl the epprce- h ol ihe Austria
troo;- to R irr.e. Ra lelsky at.d hi lti
arrivJ at Venice on the B e.
There haj baeio sev rai mure fur n!
murders in Lelatid.
One Honlh Later FraaCaUforata..--arrival
of Eteaate? Cherokee.
A le.ter from San Francisco, dated Feb.
it, savs Cooking S:oes that sold t
nnnt ao at from f50 :o 91U0, wiii a?
scarcely tr.ncost.aniso w.lh other graJre
The p!i i.-al psrtitfs. Whigan-J DeuM
ra"ic, s:c orgtnmrg.
Tbe O.-eon. which bratigSt the iata.t
itr.e'il'.jp-rice fro.n Sin Frannsoo, tell oa
the I9.b M-ircS, and arrived at Fananm
on the 20 h. She brought 261 passengers,
and f ktg fii freight, principal, y la
gold du-l, and at least fl. 000,060 in poa-se-eton
cl the passcnrs.
I: w.i-i quite hrattli at San Franciace
and Sarramento city, and aa ths mud wae
thn drying up, things were assuming a v
ry active appearance.
The towns on the Sacramento and tr.b
utaries are reported to be thriving. Three
steamboats ply regularly hetweenSabFraa
cisi'o and Sacramento.
The disturbance between Ihe Americans
and the Chilians on the Sao Joaquio, has
A proposition made by tbe State of De
ere!, to amalgamate with California, and
form a new State by the union of ihe two,
was promptly laid on the table in the t'ai
Provisions and clothing are now p'snty
in the mints.
The mails from California came through
in 34 davs, and centum thirty thoua:iJ
letters, bring the largest mail and tbe
quickest time ever before known.
Business is very brisk at San Francisco.
Money commanded the hiuhes: rata of in
terest, but rents wero failing end real
estate at a stand.
The Sacramento flood has entirely sub
sided, and no Uirher danger is apprehen
ded. Town lots at Sacramento City are
daily rising in value.
Levees are to be built at Sacramento
City to prevent future inundations. Tha
work il! cost a million dollars. Ths
authorities have ordered the lands cleared
for the purpose.
The past winter has been nioresevrra
throughout all California than any during
ihe fifteen years preceding.
San Francisco March I. The last of
the California emigrants who left the U. S
in 1816, are just arriving io this city.
Their journey, generally speaking, ha
been attended with great suffering and
privation, and in not a few instances by
death from misadventure and unforseeo
In Lewisburg, afternoon of the 8rh inst
Geoboe MarzGKtt, aed 80 years, t mm
and days ono of Ihe oldest citizens.
la Limestone, Col. Co.. 29;h ult.. rued
yenrs, Mrs. Rscnsi., wife ol Col. Dm!
Io Point T'p, NorthM Co.. 15th ult .
his tSth year, Charles Augustas Bennett-
In Snowshoe Tp, Centre Co., 20h ult .
in his 10th ear, Robert Devlinir.of Portff
Tp, Clinton Co.
To Justices of h Peace.
B INNS' JUSTICE, new edition, ran bs Ui
at I.yndail' Booketoea. in thia plsee.
LvwUbarg, April in, tga