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BAurontitinll lll l l T, P.M. POOR' NQ*TU
or Tax Poirr Ornal Grzerrtnitmo, PA.
, , ADVERTISEMENTS
Conspicuously inserted FOUR times for ONE
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Printed and Published, at Girrikeauan, Pa:,
BY ROBERT W. lIIEDWATON.
sweetest flowers enrich- 1 d
From various gardens culi'd soda ears."
- • For the Gettysburg. Star. -
TTIE ICII/I7NMARD9S SOLILOQUY.
'Tis midnight! and the stars are 'shining
In yon blue concave! All is silent!
Not - a-breeze-is- heard or felt!
My taper dimly burns. And
Whilst here I sit and think of home,
The ploasures of my "by-gono days"
Do all spring up most
Vividly, before my - troubled
And dejected soul! . •
0!I am sick! My Soul is
Sunk.ip doep despondency !
Ali! here I sit in misery
And pain, and have no friend
To calm' my flavered brow!
What shall I do?—To whom for
Consolation shall I look?
. Friends I have none—though
Once I had a loving wife,
And a mother dear—and children
• Which did climb 'upon' my
Knees, and kiss their worthless
Father! 0, memory ! wert thee
Erased from off my mind,.
How happy might I be!
Could I but go ~to Lethe, ~ H ow would I there immerses
Myself, until no more
Were left of "other days!"
'Yes, I would there dip myself
Into ths-dead'ning stream,
Until no vestige of my former
• Bliss would haunt my mind!
I a DRUNKARD! yes, a SOS!
A tender-hearted mother once
I had She loved me with a
Love, which only MOTUERS feel!
0!, then , how cheerfully did all
My boyish days "move on,"
Like a.well built bark upon
The bosom of a mirror'd
O!'sweet, 0! blissful hours !
When'first my own ELIZA .
I did see, and love!
• But, ah! the cursed draught
Which first With caution I did
Drink ! But now I hang
Upon the bottle like a smiling
Infant at its mother's breast !
When I returned to my
Own . fire-side, my loving
Wife did no more hail
With smiles of love, her wretched
Husband, But the "big round
Ttara" rolled down her faint
And every sigh she heaved
Was Atli of sorrow,
And pioried my inmost soul! ,
I still did love her—but,
Alas! thq welling bowl much mons '
Thus; dill bring her to au
Early and untimely tomb!
0 ! who shall now console me 1
- None—there is but this my
Sparkling bowl : Come, then,
Axullatine_quaff: My time .
Is short, and soon my troubles
On earth will all be o'er !
Or:mamma, FEB. 23,1831.
THE REPOSI OILY.
From the New. York 'Constellation..
THE SILVER SIDE-SADDLE..
- There are many stories current among
the Southerners concerning the Yankees,
which to the latter are not a little annoying,
on account of the gross ignorance betrayed
by them. You will find, forexample, in the
Southern States, every riian—not to . men,
tion women and children — seriously believe
that among. the Yankees one of the , most
favorite-diehes is pork and molasses.
• __.-_.A Mend .oloors, from-jthe:Baystaterwas
some years sinco.travelling in a stage coach
Virginia - . Among the rest- of his-com=
ferson College, who without muspecting our
fritilitl of I,i •Origiti - r • - :
making sport of his countrymen. A varie
ty ofludicrous stories were related of their
manners and customs—the Yankee's privi
lege ofguessing, was commented upon—his
custom of whittling, and sitting in a chair
upon two legs of the same—his barbarous
pronunciation of the King's Engliih; and
last not least, his strong native properisity to
• make money, were each and all illustrated
5 by some anecdote Which bad been picked
up in the coteries.er-the plantations.
,Our friend kept himself snugly ensconced
in a corner of the coach, till at length the
Invention of his companions beginning to
flag he was himself appealed to, to corro
borate their accounts of the Yankees.
"0 yes, gentlemen," said he, "I have no
doubt of the correctness of your stories; they
are all true, true as the gospel; but if you
will allow me, I will relate a little affaiuthat
happened in your own , state, and beatiynur
Yankee stories all -hollow!"
"Do se—do so"--exclaimed each of the
collegians, chuckling with the prospect ofa
fresh joke at the expense of the•Yankeen.
"Well, gentlemen, said our friend., , i a
ti Yankee peillar--who you know is a great
fool, and a rogue inio the bargain, happened
to bectra business expedition in the interior
of your state m witen he arrived at a plenty= `
lion owned-by one of your distinguished
southern ladies. The pedlar tried very
.hard to sell her a lot ofthe %kith
which hi)klitile red wagon. was glistening all
over, but in vain—the lady was furnished
with every article he offered for'salef and
bOideit , isfte somewhat fearrtd.of being im
- 4 J deltet wonder-1 don ' t wdnder l, —egad
ens erg, stadentat -the-v*lo4 pedlars
haireit yedioa - mkrayttiche upon iAti etre* ?
, . •
Pit ILOtd A.TREF,
•.- • .
. J '
... . ,
.... , .
~ • ,
. . ...: ....
_.• , a . , , . .., .
. • '
. • .
. 's. .
.. -.. . - e .
. r .
r .. .
. .... • .
• . .
bUCIT AMOR ' , ATRIA pRoDESSE orrlints--TIIE LOVE OF MY COUNTRY WWI ME yolos OF. AYWANTAGE TO MY ,FELLOW-CITIZICNS."
" t ere wag no tine ere—every
thing was fair and above board, and the la
dy had lipr eyes .wide open.' But let me
go on -with my story—when the pedlar
found he was not likely to dispose of any of
his - tin-ware,—which he-had brought all the
way from Connecticut, he was on. the point
of starting, but. first observed. to the lady,
that he had au article in his waggon she had
not- et seen, anti which he thought would
suit her fancy."
"What is it?" inquired the lady eagerly,
"a new novel—a NeW-York . dress—or a
Pa rig' hat ?"
, "Oh no Ma'am . that's out of my way en
tirely, a silver side-saddle and if you'd
like to look at it, I'll bring it9ut in a twink
• "A silver sjde-saddle!" excraiW the la
dy, " that's a new article indeed, I should
like it of all things, just to ride upon with
my pony." .
The lady's eyes •glistened like the tin
ware on the Yankee's waggon; when he
produced the Article. It took her fancy
amazingly, and a bargain . was soon struck
for it, at "the tarnation cheap price" as the
pedlar called it, of fifty dollars.
"And now gentlemen," said our friend to
hie companions, "what think you this same
article,was, which the varlet of a pedlar thus
Irralmed off on the lady for a silver side-sad
One guessed . one thing and the other an
other: Oa -a leather side-saddle washed
over with silver---and . the other the same
article covered with paper. - But every at
tempt to make out its character having fail
ed, the Virginians at length gaveit
gentlemen," said our friend,
"since you have so ill-luck at guessing, 1
wilLtoll you the mystery—the silver side
saddle was a tin-kitchen, an article we Yen-,
keel use for roasting,, and your couritor
women° for riding.", 0: -
The two Virginians saw through the joke,
but having committed themselves once, they
prudently refrained thQre...st of the jou
from any more Yankee stories. • D.
Sporting.—An old Man, who was never
accused of being a wizard, Went out with his
gun one day 44 ____ r ,
by hisson— Before they approached the
ground where they expected to find the
game, die gun was charged witlia severe
load ; and when at last the -old gentleman
discovered one of the animals, he took a rest
and blazed away, expecting to see him fall,
of course., But not so did it happen; for
the gun recoiled with so much force as to
kick him over. The old man got up, and
while rubbing the sparks out- of-his eyes, in
quired of his son, "Alpha, did I point the
right end of the gun at the squirrel?"
March of intelleet.-=-At a lokinillf a
LadieS Reading. Society, not fifty miles from
Boston, Catharine I. and Catharine if. was
read - thus :-. 7 -Catharine one eye arid Catha
rine two eyes!.
A forgetful Minister.—The Rev. Mr.
Parker, of Princeton, had been for years in
the habit of praying for the British Gov
ernment; but ht the period of the eventfill
Revolution, he, together with ,most other .
tim •• • • , ; .: 1
• • •SS eIIIMITt9I, I I . • • • ,
by a strange absence of mind, he on Sab
bath, long after Ameritartad - been declared
dependent, continued ills usual prayer
""We beseech-thee -to bless-the King and
pausing, with evident embarrassment and
vexation, he added--" Pshaw, pshaw,t it was
the Continental Congress I meant."
Religion.—Man, in whatever state he
may be considered, as well as in every pe
riod and vicissitude of life, experiences in
religion an efircacious antidote' against the
ills which oppress him, a shield that blunts
the darts of his willies, and en asylum into
which they never enter. In every event of
• tune it nicite.s-in_ his soul,a sublimity_of
ideas, by pointing out to him the just judge,
who, as an attentive spectator of his con
flicts, is about to reward him with his ines
timable approbation. Religion also, in her
darkest tempest, appetite to man as the iris
of peace, dissipating the dark and angry
storm, .restores the wished for calm, and
bringillim to the - port of safety.
Never to ridicule sacred things, or'what others
may esteem such, however absurd they may ap-
pear to me. •
/Never to !hew levity when the people are pro
fessedly engaged in worship.
Never to resent a supposed ' injury till I know
the views and•motives of (ho author of .
Never to judge a person's character by exter
.Niver to think the worse of another ovrOceeunt
.of his differing from me in political or religious
Not to obtrude my advice unasked: . • ,
Never to coitrt the favor of the rich by flatter.
'tag either their vanity or their
PoLntritzsik---There• le no policy likerpoliteneu
io good mammy IN Or, boot • (bing- In the
'weit-i(i'ititliet to get e to supply th
wait 0' a' • -
WILIMINZIAto 111111133M,LIET 2161
U. S. ANTI-NA,SONIC CONVENTION.
Mr. Whitil,esey from the Committee next
herein mentioned, made the following Re
port on the abduction and murder of
IVILLIAIIit MORGAN, and on the conduct
and measures of the Masonic Fraternity
to pmeent convictions,' itc.
The stage which had left Rochester early
the same morning, arrived at Murdoch's ta
vern before the carriage containing Morgan
passed. A gentleman of high standing, of
Rochester, was one of the passengers in the
stage ; when the stage arrived at Murdoch's
tavern, this gentleman called the man aside
who then had charge of the tavern, and ask
ed him if ho was a royal arch mason: being
answered in the -negative, he asked for wri
ting materials, with which lie wrote a note
and despatched a boy with it to Jeremiah
Brownfrasiding in that vicinity. - Jeremiah
Brown came to the tavern soon after, and
held a conversation with him. .When the
stage went on, Brawn Isatlihe, gentleman
went on, in it.. Soon after,. Brown return
ed to the tavern with two horses, riding one
and leading the other. When the carriage
containing Morgan came along, which was
soon after ; Eliliu Mather, who Was then
driving it, beckoned to Brown atter the car
riage had passed the house a short distance,
and Brown 'went up to him, and-appeared
to . hold some conversation with him. The
carriage drove on. Brown took his horses
'and follo.ved on after it; but it would seem
that he left his horses, and got on to the car
riagellimself,, . Burrage Smith had follow
ed the Morgan carriage in a sulkey, but he
had not overtaken it when the carriage'ar
rived at Mrritech's. . The carriage stopped
at evening, at the tavern of, Solomon C.
Wright, in New. Fade, Niagara , county,
-where-the-reSd - taritreff - to Lockport, and a
beiiftliree miles dist t therefrom. It was,
here .d riven into the n and the doors clear,
ed,imd the party rema e d
at this place some
time, to procure refresliments,hnd to make
travelled in thivearri agq
i.--niternents for retie)* those who had ,
with Morgan all
day, and the whole st ... - 04
and who must necessariiky have Deets 'grew*,
• • Burrage Smith went to Lockport in his
sulkey, and together with Jared Darrow
called upon Eli 13ruee, the sheriffof Niagara
county, and , infOrmett him' that Morgan was
in their pbaseasion, and was going to Canada;
and requested Bruce's assistance in getting
him , along: Bruce and some others went
to Wright's, where several persons were as
sembled... Bruce and David Hague got into
the carriage with Morgan; Elihti Mather
drove, and Jeremiah Brown was on the box
with hini, and they left Wright's about ten
o'clock in the evening. _The persons who
came there with Morgan, probably, most
of them went to - Lockport that night, and
went into Lewiston the next day in a stage
coach. At Molyneux's tavern, six miles
distant,,they stopped; and Bruce procured .
Molyneux's horses,in eichartge for Math . -
er's. An individual accompanied the car.
—...en_horse-haele-- Brown then __drove,
ci-theyrettched—Lewistorirfourteen. • -
distant from Molyneux's, somewhat after
to a back street, and unharnessed.
Burton, one of the proprietors of the stage
sistance. He called up Coiyojcii 'Fox, one
of his drivers, and _directed him to harness
a carriage.. He did - so, and drove up to the.
tavern. Bruce got upon the box with him,
and by his direction, Fox drove around to
the back .street, where the . other carriage
was unharnessed, when Morgan was taken
out of the one carriage, and put into the car
riage which Fox drove. Bruce and Hague
got in with him, and Fox, by Bruce's direc
tion, drove to Youngstown. They called at
the house of Colonel William Kin , at.
Youngstown, arid stopped. Bruce alighted
and called up King,whe came out with Bruce
and both got into the carriage. 'fox drove
on towards the fort, by Bruce's direction,
and when arrived at the burying ground
near the fort, he was told to stop. He did so,
when the persons having Morgan in charge,
got out, together with Morgan, and all four
walked off arm in arm, towards the fort, and
Pox was told he ,might return. • Morgan was
hoodwinked and bound at this time. It ap.
pears that arrangements had been previous•
made, for the reception of Morgan upon
the Canada side of the river, with persons
residing uporit that side. After the pa •
the carnage, they went to the ferry
house, and Colonel King called up Edward
.Giddins, whetheakeptihe ferry. All of
them crossed the river, together with Gid.
du:island landed nearly opposite to the fort,
at some distance from any dwelling. Mr.
Giddies and David Hague 'remained at the
boat-with Morgan, Colonel sting and
•Sheriffßruce went , into the village of lqia
gam,;to We the MUMS With ithelP it *1
beerrarratiged to rweivo 'their victim: They
were absent about two hixtrstypid s teturned
- With two' other naeo, one of wKoin *as Ed.
yard/Mcßride, thence, berg of Ore par.
lament of Vppor PiW*o • 4. for eonte
contbrence, itwasdetorrmh dto bring Nor- -
gan back again, inasmuch as the arrange
ments for his reception in Canada were not
yet complete. This . event had, probably
been anticipated, as both Giddins and the
keeper of the fort had been requested, two
or three days previous, to prepare the ma,g
.azine for the reception of , Morgan, which
they laid accordingly done, by removing
the principal part of the'public property from
it. After the refusal of the Canada masons
to receive Morgan, the mine persons who
had taken him across the river, re-crossed
with him, and placed him in the magazine,
which had been so prepared for his reception
and locked him in. This was some time be-.
fore day dawn, on the morning
- of the 14th
of September, 1926. Morgan was left in
charge of Edward Giddins. The fort was
unoccupied by troops, aii'd indeed was entire
ly deserted, except by Giddins and the keep.
er; and their respective families.
On the 14th day of September, 1826, a
royal arch chapter was installed at Lewis
ton; which event called together a very con
siderable assemblage of masons,
of that de
gree, from Rochester, Buffalo, Lockport and
other places in that vicinity. It wetild alr
pear from the testimony ofone or twomitnes.
sea, and the statements ofothers, that scarce
an individual mason, attending that installa
tion, coulfl have been ignorant of the fact,
that Morgan was at that time confined in
the magazine of fort Niagara. It appears
to have been a subject of conver*tion a
mong them, and several were then informed
that such was the tam:. On the day of the
installatiop, Giddins remained at the fort, to
see that all was kept safe. He, together
with John Jackson, went to .the magazine,
for the purpose of carrying Morgan food.
Morgan refused to admit them, and'said he
would starve rather than fall into their hands;
and he made so great an outcry as to ren
der it necessary to dispatch Jackson to Lew
iston, teprocure the assistance of some one . _
to silence. him. David Hague canie clown
in haste, a distance of seven miles, but did
not succeed in quieting Morgan. Two oth
er persons were then sent down from Lew
iston, and one. of them, (Loton Lawson) of
whoin Morgan seemed to have a great dread
went into the magazine, and succeeded in•
stilling him. In the evening, twenty or
thirty persons, besides those beltmging to
itsu IP ,I4ny its ton, and were at
the tort. About midnight; tretft persona,
all royal , arch masons, held s consultation
on the plain near the grave yard, some rods '
distant from the fort, as to the manner in
which Morgan should be disposed of. There
seemed to be but one opinion among them
all : that Morgan had forfeited his life, for a
breach of his masonic obligations ; ;
it was their duty as masons, to see that the
penalty was executed. They came to a de
termination to proceed in a body and seize
Morgan, and perform their own duty, by
casting him into the river. After they had
started to carry this determination into ef
fect, one of the company discovered a reluc
tance to go such lengths, which encouraged
others to remonstraterand-the• ." .
abandoned for•that time. Ott - Vie night of
the 15th, a similar consultation was held be
tween font persions, as to the disposition of
Morgan, but nothing was decided upon.
At this consultation, Colonel King became
. •ddinsi-for - expressing a
desire that Morgan shouldbe released; and
t • .mrsurrendered -to him-the key of-the
magazine, which was afterwards entrusted .
to the care of Elisha Adams. It is known
that _Morput-rtmiltirteil eoiifieed
19th of September.
As to , the disposition of Morgan, idler the
evening of thel 4th' of September, nothing
has yet been made known judicially, but cir
cumstances are strong, to induce the belief,
that he was put to death on the night of the
19th of September, 1826, by being cast into
the depths of Niagara' river. Several per
sons have been informed, by those who were
understood : to be'cognizant of the guilty se
cret, that such Was the fact, and Hiram . B.
Hopkins; has testified, that ho as a mason,
was informed in JaiiiitiffPithat Morgan
was murdered. William Pd Daniels who
was called as a witness, at the late trials at
Lockport, termed to-answer a question, on
the ground• that he might criminate himself
as an accessary to the crimevf murder, al
though he was told expresslybrikaujudge
that he must„ have better evidence, that a
murder had been commitied, Alien. the pub
lic possessed, before he could decline answer
ing on such graund.
• It will strike any one, on hearing a reci
tal of the faetitconneeted with the abduction
of William Morgan,. that the combination
to effect that Measure, must have been very
extensive, embracing a farge number of in,l
dividuate. The judicial examinations of the
subject have brought out very many names
as connected in a nearer or more remote do
gree, with the transaction at some 'stage of
itapregress. The bare seizure and trans-
portatton of* man from such a distance,.l
rendered the employment of Many agents, a
matter, of absolute necessity, and it is now
well kdowit flint many knew of it, who took
'no aotito 'pave in the infraction of - the
leivas probabfi• known to numbers df.4ie
ledge-going . 'masons;in eyelid of the nes
tqrn counties of Xew York, that some Irma
ortxr Ware contemplated to bo taken fur the
.TERMS OF THlCtliFklb-w-'
per annum-tmableintlfrailtist liteaneo,- -Pha .
subscriptions tali%) far less than sht Malt -
none discontinued unfit all arrentairts tte
unless el the option of the Editor.mand a fkllinsi
to notify a discontinuance will So otliiii4l4.l*l s i
now engagement, and the papei girwasaii - rit•
TERMS-42 PER XNNUM.
VOL. 10,NO. 46.
suppression of Morgan's intendid pablica=
tion ; and it has been judicially proven, that
measures, which contemplated the use of
violence, to effect° thiii object, were matter •
'of discussion among Masons in the lade
, It would be naturally supposed, that a
cortspintcy, so wide spread, the eteentiett
and knOWledge of which was confided tem
many individuals, would not oppose finmida- -
hie difficulties to a complete exposure byju
dicial investigation. In the history Of - ahoy
those which employ pie most accomplices,
are usually the easiest of detection, particu:
la rly ifthe agency of some partake but slight.
ly of guilt. But such was tot' the cote in
the investigation of this violation of the htwe,
and dm/difficulties which were encountered.
will bo hereafter noticed.
In January, 1827 1 the trial of . Nicholas
G. Chesebro, Edward Sawyer, Loton Laws %
son and John Sheldon, for their agency in
the conspiracy, was brought on before Judge
Throop, at Canandaigua; the three first,
under the advice of counsel, pleaded guilty,
and the only question, a s to ' the list to be
tried, was the identity of lie man.- This
course excluded the testimony in relation to
the conspiracy, which was anxiously looked
for by the public. Lawson was sew, )
to two years imprisonment in OM
jail of Ontario county, Chesebre to one yatrit,
and Sawyer, to one month. - Sheldon lOW
found guilty and sentenced .to three months
In April, 1827, Jesse French; Junes -
Hurlburt, Roswell Wilcox, and James Gan
son, were tried at Batavia, in Genesee*
county, for the forcible arrest of David C..._
Miller. They were all found guilty, but
Ganson: French was sentenced to - an im
prisonment of ono year, Willcox for six
months, and Hurlburt for three months.
In February, 1827, several of the permit
who went in the carriage from Canandaigua
to Batavia, and arrested Morgan, end
brqught him to Canandaiitta, were tried al .
the general session in Ontario, for forcibly, '
seizing, and falsely imprisoning William
Morgan, and they were acquitted, os the
ground that they were protected by the SW
rant for his arrest. In Augnst,lB27,HU•
Tie Seymour, Henry Howard, Halloiray
Hayward, Moses Itoberta, James Gagnon,
Chauneey.ll. Coe, Hiram Hubbard, and_
limes Lakey Were tried at Camindaiipte,
for a conspirady to kidnap and carry away
William Afcirgan, and were , all acquitted...
Application had'been made to De Witt Clkt.
ton then governor of thestateifNerrinik,
for the removal of Eli Bruce, sheriffofNii.
gam county, for his participation in the lib.
ductien of Morgan. The sheriffs in the . :
state'of Now York are elected by the pc*. '
-ple, but the constitution proiiderfbr their '
removal by the executive, for good,eause
shown, on charges prefer red, after giving
the officer time for his defence. This Sp.
plicatiOn was pending before the governor„
for a long time, but on the 20th ay of Sep
tember, 1827, he issued hi mein:million
removing Eli Bruce from oce ofsheriff.
Eli Bruce, 0 a Turner,, and Jared
Darrow, *ere tried at Canandaigua, in Au..
gust, 1828, for their agency in the conspi
racy; Eli Bruce was found guilty, the two.
lust were acquitted.. A . question of law, a
risitfig out of the, indictment, was earridd up --
to the supreme court, decided agamst the
defendant -,•and ho was sentenced tolin im
-prisonment- of two yearsaaatt fuer rnon
hr Itlay 1820, John Whitney and James
ills vrere -
Whitney was convicted and.sentenced
1117 risonmen ---ammsm
months. The - Jury could net agree in th.
case of Gillis.
In November, 1829,...E1ik] -Mather *lll
tried at Albion, in Orleans county, and and.
a trial which consumed nearly two weeks,
he was acquitted by the verdict of thejrny.
A motion for a new trial' wtseltiltlfe • by the
special attorney, bot_the auprenwaoatale.-
nied it. _ . •
- In June, 1830, Ezekiel Jewet,*and Jere
miah Brown, were tried at Lox po ,
Niagara county, and were severally aqua.
tad. In addition to these trials; there are
indictments now pending and undetminined,
against eighteen persons, some of 'which
will.probably not be furtherprosecuted.
David Hague William King, and Bur
rage Smith are cleadi William King. died
suddenly, the morning , after he received in.
formation of the testimony of Eli Bruce ets
the trial ofJohn Whitney.
Having thus given a brief history . of the
theof Williain Mimi% and *Wend .
the trials growing out or - that traussztiokie
now becemesthe du ty _ of yourcorantittee, to`
furnish-altateamifor the conduct toe.
awoke numbers of the masonic fraterntly,,
to preveut the Conviction of those impacated .
in these gross violations of th e laws of the
land. Appalling as is the minviction.which
is pressed upon us by the history of that
al)ductioa, that hundreds ofrelpectabki men p
inihe western comities of the atide ofrilew
York, could.hafound, who wonld.be *0% 4 ;
to violatelhe laws of the state ` indthe
oroditesis of pridate property, personatiliNirm,.,
y; and butnan life, to prevent the - 1 0 . 44 1 ,
tion of the secrets of free nuMoury, yak U.
would be infinitely more sianniag p ,,,iir
shourd be found, that great numbers of she
, • ,