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BY W. LEWIS.
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BLIND BOY AT PLAY
BY ELIZA COOK
The blind boy's been at play, mother,
And merry games we had ;
We led him on our way, mother,
And every step was glad.
But when we found a starry flower,
And praised its varied hue,
A tear came trembling down his check,
Just like a drop of dew.
We took him to the mill, mother,
Where falling waters made
A rainbow o'er the rill, mother,
As golden sun.rays played ;
But when we shouted at the scene,
And hailed the clear blue sky,
He stood quite still upon the bank,
And breathed 'a long, long sigh.
We asked him why he wept, mother,
Whene'r we found the spots
Where periwinkle crept, mother,
O'er wild forget-me-nots ;
“Ah me VI he said, while tears ran down
As fast as stammer showers,
"It is because I cannot see
The sunshine and the flowers."
Oh that poor sightless boy. mother,
Has taught me I am blessed,
For I can look - with joy, mother,
On all - 1 love the best ;
And when I see the dancing stream,
And daisies red and white,
I kneel upon the meadow sod,
And thank my God for sight.
Business the Charm of Life.
No passion is more ruinous than "the
haste to be rich." It is condemned alike by
revelation, reason and sound practical expe
pence of life. It leads men into unsafe and
ruinous speculation; it seduces them from
fast, anchored property to the mirage that
glitters. It allows the hands of industry
ant; employment to stand still on the dial
plate of life, while men grasp at shadows.
•It is•this passion that separates the business
past' from the business present by so wide a
The modern merchant, with small -capital,
and _ that, perhaps, not his own, with his
'gr.anite store, his mahogany desk, his coun
try seat, fast horse and rash speculations,
scorns the example of his sire, who at his
desk of pine and baize, sat each day six mor
tal hours at his business, doing his own er
rands, and' being his own clerk. With so
wide a contrast it is not strange that so many
begin business where their sire left off, and
leave off where their sire begun.
It is employment we _all need—employ
ment till life shall end. The ploughboy is
happy in his furrow, and_ the hours pass
;swifter than the weaver's shuttle, while the
-rriatron and maid sing their daily *duties. No
success and no wealth can make that man
. happy who has nothing to do. We have
seen a boy grow up - to the full stature of
'manhood, take his stand by the side and as
one,of our richest men; his elegant city res
'iden'ce and suburban abode became the envy
of - men—his horses and equipage the most
_perfect in our midst. We have seen him
with his fortune made, bid , adieu to the toils
land . 'vexations of 'busine,ss, take the balance
of:life to hielself,, and resolve to be happy
at his ease.' Wii• have 'watched him in his
elegant retreat, possessed of "more than
heart can wish." After a few years we
have sought and found him not, learning
with sorrow, that, not able to endure a life of
leisure and ease, he had gone uncalled for
into th&presence of his Maker.
An eminent merchant of Boston, when
asked why he did not quit his business, as
his fortune was ample, replied, "that his re
pose would be his death." We know well
that the spring of enjoyment would dry up,
and soon, witkinactivity, life would become
a burden. The celebrated commentator,
Dr. Macknight completed his work on the
epistles when not far from sixty years of
age. Nearly thirty years of his life had
been occupied with that great labor. His em
ployment had been regular and cheerful,
and the purple current of his life had flowed
noiselessly and joyously along. He refused
to goon with his Gospel as he had earned
his respite, he said. His faculties were in
their usual vigor. In leaving his regular
employment his mind soon lost its tone, and
he stink almost into a driveling idiotcy.—
Had he continued his employment, a mellow
and a green old age would have been his por
tion, and his sun gone down at last with un
clouded splendor. It is employment that
has made us what we are. Our sky is incle
ment, our soil hard and tough; but the sun
shines on no land where so many people en
joy so much substantial good. The al
chemy of labor can turn our ice into gold
and our rocks into bread. Employment
given to millions of Europe now indolent
and hungry, would quench many a volcano,
and put down misrule and insubordination.
It was Lord Bacon, I think, who said that
"rebellions commenced in the stomach."
Let a nation be both destitute and idle, and
it would not be strange if they were to be
come turbulent also. Sodom had three great
sins ; one of them was "an abundance of
idleness." Palestine, in the time of Solomon,
contained a nation of men who were daily
employed, and a race of woman who could
"clothe their household with scarlet," and
"consider a field and buy it." These were
the days of Israel's prosperity. Gold and
silver were abundant; the mountains were
terraced up to their summit, and the valleys
were hot-beds of vegetation. it is now a
land of indolence. The same sky is above
the people, they tread the same soil beneath
their feet; but all is desolate, because all
are indolent. The owl and the cot morant
sit now in the palaces of David and Solo
mon. When men were proud to say, "I am
a Roman citizen !" Rome was governedby
emperors whom she called from the plough.
They led her invincible legions to contest.
Now indolence broods over the whole land
of the Cmsars like the miasma over the
whole pleasant home of man—desolation
and ruin are seen on all sides.
We should be glad to address you on
many other topics which will, and must en
ter into your business prosperity. That
courtesy to all, based on principle, that costs
so little and yields so large a return; that
courage and business faith that will not only
make you enterprising and far-seeing but
enable you to be singular and odd even,
when duty calls or danger is to be avoided;
that regard for your word that will command
credit ; that high moral character which
will make your word as good as your bond ;
that integrity that will induce you to meet
with amputation sooner than repudiation,
and cause you to select some other road to
fortune than that of defrauding your creditors,
that principle without which no smartness,
no talent will avail ; but these and all other
things by them suggested, must be left to
your own thoughts and your own application,
and so also must that certain success that will
attend the application to the business of life.
A Christian's Credentials
What are they ? Not the blossoms of a
fair profession, but the ripe and mellow fruit
of godlike actions. Cornelius' prayers and
alms came up as a memorial before God—
not his prayers alone, nor his alms alone, but
his prayers and his alms. Beautiful conjunc
tion. Piety towards God, and an active char
ity towards all mankind ; the t wvin personi
fications of vital, saving piety. Salvation
is of grace, not of merit, not of words, less
any man should boast. BUt faith, without
works, is dead. It is liks an index, without
a book.; like hands, without a clock; like
sails, without a ship, like a tree, without
nothing butdry and withered branches.—
Professed disciple of Christ ,to prove they deci
pleship genuine, thou must surround thyself
with widows, whom thou hast comforted—
with orphans, whom thoU hast succored—
with the icrnorant ; 'whom thou bast instructed
-=--with the wandering, whom thou hast re
claimed--=with the hungry,' whom thou hast
fed—with the naked;'whoni thou hast cloth
the sick, whom thou bast visited .
These ars thy trophies ! '
Dc7 It's a very solemn thing to get mar
ried," said Aunt Bethany. "Yes, but it's a
great deal more solemn not -to be," said her
HUNTINGDON, MARCH 7, 1855,
A Few Hints to a Father.
Father, you have a son, a darling, son.-
He has faculties for good and for evil, and
they mist act. Each capable of such intense
action that both cannot act on a level, one
must be, in some measure, subservient.—
Your son is now young; he has no habits—
no principles—no character. These must be
formed, and you have been appointed by
Providence to superintend and assist in this
formation. This you must do, whether you
will or not. The nature of the relation ex
isting between you and your son renders your
non-participation in the formation of his char
Toward what course of life would you di
rect his innocent footsteps 1 What would
you have him become? A man in form on
ly ; independent only of good, with feeble,
wavering energy; his self-respect a mere low,
disgusting pride? You can easily train him
for this, as a thousand have and are being
trained, unless his mind is very far above the
commonality. Treat him as a machine, im
pres it upon him that he is a mere tool, and
he will soon become such. Make him keen
ly feel his inferiority, check all his aspirings,
and like a sapling bent to the ground, he will
soon learn to grow downward. But if ou
wish him to become a strong-minded, truth
loving, whole<•souled man, treat him as a
man that is to be—as an equal. Draw out
his better nature; strengthen all aspirings for
that which is high and good. Teach him to
curb his strong passions, and to attain that
self-control which enables man to influence
his fellow-man. Let him feel that he has the
germ of intellect within him, which needs
only a right cultivation to make it servicea
ble to himself and mankind.
Teach your son at all times to bring his
actions and motives to the standard of right,
and right only. Be sure that he feels confi
dence in you as a sympathizing friend in all
cases. Naver elevate yourself or depress
him so that he can only approach you with
an effort. He has his world of joys and sor,
rows, hopes and fears, which although small
to you, are all to him. Encourage him to
action; place before him some dasirable ob
jects which he may procure by self denial
and extra exertion. Man needs something
for which to labor ; why not he 1, Let him
find by experiment that there is something
for him to gain by right, or lose by wrong;
and an inducement to virtuous actions will
be given him. Teach him to think correctly
for himself, judge for himself, while young .
and under your care, and ho will feel his
own responsibility, and will not be so easily
enticed and deceived when thrown upon his
resources. But a bove all, early teach him
to look upon God as his Father, and heaven
as his home, and the chief object of his life
here to do good. Early teach him by pre
cept and example to love the Lord and keep
his commandments, and it shall be well
with thee and thy house to future genera
Advice to Consumptives
In some good advice to consumptives, Dr
Hall says :
"Eat all you can digest, and exercise a
great deal in the open air, to convert what
you eat into pure healthful blood. Do not
be afraid of out-door air, day or night. Do
not be afraid of sudden changes of weather :
let no change, hot or cold, keep you in doors.
If it is rainy weather it is more need for your
going out, because you eat as much on a rainy
day as upon a clear day, and if you exercise
less, that much more remains in the system
of what ought to be thrown off by exercise,
and some ill result, some consequent symp
tom or ill feelings is the certain issue. If it
is cold out of doors, do not muffle your eyes,
mouth and nose in furs, veils, woolen com
forters, and the like; nature has supplied
you with the best muffler, with the best in
haling regulator, that is, two lips ; shut thorn
before you step out of a warm room into the
cold air, and keep them shut until you have
walked briskly a few rods and quickened the
circulation a little; walk fast enough to keep
off a feeling of chilliness, and taking cold will
be impossible. What are the facts of the
case ; look at railroad conductors, going out
of a hot air into the piercing cold of winter
and iri again every five or ten minutes, and
yet they do not take cold oftener than others;
you will scarcely find a consumptive matiin
a thousand of them. It is wonderful how
afraid consumptive . people are of fresh air, the
very thing that would cure them, the only
obstacle to a cure being that they do not get
enough of it; and yet what infinite pains they
take to avoid breathing it, especially if it Is
cold ; when it is known that the colder the
air is, the purer it must be; yet if people can
not get to a hot climate, they will make an
artificial one, and imprison themselves for a
whole winter in a warm room, with a temper
ature not varying ten degrees in six months;
all such people die, and yet we follow in their
footsteps. If I were seriously ill of consump
tion I would live out of doors day and night,
except it was raining or mid-winter, then I
would sleep in an unplastered log house. My
consumptive friends, you want air; not phy
sic; you want pure air, not medicated air ;
you want nutrition, such as plenty of meat
and bread will give, and they alone; physic
has no nutriment, gaspings for air cannot cure
you; monkey capers in a gymnastic cannot
cure you, and stimulants cannot cure you.--,
If you want to get well, go in for beef and
out-door air, and do not be deluded into the
grave by newspaper advertisements, and un
The Man who Fired the First Shot.
The first American who discharged his
gun on the day of the battle of Lexington,
was Ebenezer Lock, who died at Deering, N.
H., about fifty years ago. He resided in Lex
ington in 1775. The British regulars, at the
order of Major Pitcairn, having fired upon
the few "rebels" upon the green in front of
the meeting house, killing some, and wound-
ing others, it was the signal for war. "The
citizens," writes one, "might be seen coming
from all directions, over the fields, through
the woods—each with his rifle in his hand,
his powder horn slung to his side, and his
pockets provided with bullets. Among the
number was Ebenezer Lock. The British
had posted a reserve of infantry a mile in
the rear, in the direction of Boston. This
was in the immediate neighborhood of Mr.
.Lock, who instead of hastening to join the
party at the green, placed himself in an old
teller, at a convenient distance for doing ex
ecution. A portion of the reserve were stan
ding on the bridge, and Mr. Lock commen
ced firing upon them, though there was no
other American in sight. He worked val
' iently for some minutes, bringing one of the
enemy at nearly every shot. Up to this time
not a gun had been fired elsewhere by the
rebels. The British greatly disturbed at lo
sing so many men by the random firing of
an unseen enemy were not long in deliver
ing a volley of bullets which lodged in the
wall oppostie. Mr. Lock within—unhurt—
continued to load and fire with the precision
of a finished marksman. He was driven to
si:eh close quarters, however, by the British
on his right and left that he was at last com
pelled to retreat. He had just one bullet
left, and there was but one way left to es
cape, and that was through an orchard in the
rear. The soldiers were all around him, one
of them had even gained the orchard. Not
a moment was to be lost—he levelled his
gun at the man near by, fired, dropped his
gun, and the man was shot through the heart.
The bullets whistled about him. Lock reach
ed the brink of a steep hill, and throwing
himself upon the ground, tumbled down
wards rolling as if mortally wounded. In
this way he escaped unhurt. At the close
of the war, ho removed to New Hampshire,
where he resided until his death, some twen,
ty years after.
How sweet is social affection. When the
world is dark without, we have light within.
When cares disturb the breast—when sor
row broods about the heart—what joy gath
ers in the circle of love ! We forget the
world with all it animosities, whilst blest
with social kindness. That man cannot be
unhappy who has a heart that vibrates in
sympathy with his own—who is cheered by
the smiles of affection and the voice of ten
derness. Let the world be dark and cold—
let the hate and animosity of men gather
about him in the place of business—but
when he enters the ark of love—his own
cherished circle—he forgets all these, and
the cloud passes from his brow, and the sor
row from his heart. The warm sympathies
of his wife and children dispel every shad
ow, and he feels a thrill of joy in his bosom
which words are not adequate to express.—
He who is a stranger to the joys of social
kindness, has not begun to live.
Fashion rules the world, and a most tyran
nical mistress she is—compelling people to
submit to the most inconvenient things im
aginable, for fashion's sake.
She pinches our feet with tight shoes—or
choaks us with a tight handkerchief, or
squeezes our breath out of our bodies by
tight lacing ; she makes people sit up by
night when they ought to be in bed, and up
and doing. She makes it vulgar to wait on
one's self, and genteel to live idle and use-
She makes people' visit when they would
rather be at home; eat when they are not
hungry, and drink when they are not thirs
She invades onr pleasures, and interrupts
She compels the people to dress gayly—
whether upon their property or that of oth
ers, whether agreeably to the word .of God or
the dictates of pride.
She yuins health and produces aick noss—
destroys life and occasions premature death.
She makes foolish parents, invalids of chil
dren, and servants of us all.
She is a tormentor of conscience, despoiler
of morality, and enemy to religion. and no
one can be her companion and enjoy either.
She is a despot of the highest grade, full
of intrigue and cunning—and yet husbands,
wives, fathers, mothers, sons, daughters, and
servants, black and white, voluntarily have
become her servants: and slaves, and vie
with one another to see who shall be most
How to Raise and Feed Fowls
We find in the New York Tribune, the fol
lowing communication from Mr. H. S. BAL
LOT', of Blackstone, Hass., who has had much
experience in raising and feeding fowls. Nu
merous individual applications have induced
him to make his system known in this pub
lic way. He says :
In the first place, I would recommend to
all who intend breeding fowls, whether for
pleasure, convenience or profit, to procure
some pure breed, of whatever variety they
fancy, and then breed them pure, and im
prove upon them, year after year, by select
ing their finest, best modeled pullets for
breeding purposes, and by changing the cock
yearly, so as to avoid breeding "in and in."
By pursuing this course, fowls may be in
creased in size• and beauty to an extent per
fectly astonishing. By the opposite course,
the largest varieties may be reduced to the
size of the smallest bantam. Follow the
same rule in breeding to the feathers. Take
a pair of black bantams, with only one white
feather, and select from their offspring for
breeding purposes, those which have the
most white feathers, and the stock will, in a
few years, be changed from black to white.
In order to breed fowls successfully, it is
of the first importance that they have a suita
ble building, for so long as the old plan of
keeping them in damp under-ground hovels,
or in close, unventilated buildings, with per
haps one whole side of glass, by which
means they are heated as hot as an oven
through the day. just so long shall we hear
of their having all manner of distempers,
and that breeding poultry is unprofitable.
I here give you a plan of a building suffi
ciently large to accommodate from 75 to 100
fowls, which building may be varied accord
ing to circumstances. It should in all cases
be entirely above ground, facing the south, if
convenient, leaving an aperture, through
which the fowls may pass in and out at their
pleasure. Insert no more glass than is ne
cessary for the admission of light Dimen
sions as follows, - viz : 15 feet long, 10 feet
wide ; ports in front 10 feet, in back side 7
feet long ; rdbf perfectly tight, floor also
tight and smooth. The sides should be of
common straight edged boards, battened over
the cracks, if necessary. Roost poles of
3 by 4 joist, running the whole length of the
back side of the building, with a poop in the
centre of each.
For convenience in cleaning the building /
I would recommend that the poles be placed
on a level, three feet from the floor, and
eighteen inches apart, with an inclined plane
in the centre for the fowls to walk to the
poles upon. Saturate the poles occasionally
with whale oil, and whitewash the whole in
terior at least twice a year ; keep the floor
covered with wood or coal ashes, and when
the building is cleaned, (which should be of
ten,) sprinkle a little air slacked lime over
the floor, by which means vermin of every
kind will usually be kept out. Ventilate
well, as fowls need pure air as well as man.
In order to make them grow rapidly, feed
them regularly three times a day whIRT young
—never placing before them more than they
will eat ; change their food often, as whatev
er they like is good for them—wheat, oats,
barley, corn. Indian meal scalded, or cook
ed and seasoned with a little salt, is good for
chickens ; also, sour or curdled milk. Raw
potatoes and onions chopped fine are almost
indispensable. Chandlers' scraps are also
To make hens lay in the winter, feed them
three times in a day on Indian meal dough,
mixed slightly with Cayenne pepper; scraps
of meat three times a week ; raw onions
chopped once a week ; the balance of the
time give them corn, oats, barley, buckwheat
or anything of the kind. Always have oys
ter snells pounded fine within their reach—
also gravel and pure water.
A "M.ii.rrEn. Or FACT' MAN.—When Doc
tor Bradon was Rector of Eltham, in Kent,
(England,) the text he one day took to preach
from, was—" Who art thou ?" After read
ing the text, he made (as was his custom,) a
pause for the congregation to reflect upon the
words, when a gentleman in military dress
was'tnarching very sedately up the middle
aisle of the church, supposing it to be a ques
tion addressed to him, to the surprise of all
present, replied, "I are, sir, an officer of the
17th foot, on a recruiting party here; and
having brought wife and family with me, I
wish to be acquinted with the neighboring
ger try and clergy."
VOL. 10, NO. 38.
From the Ohio Farmer.
Now to Raise Potatoes without Hoeing,
MR. EDITOR your paper of 25th Nov.
' you invite farmers to write for their own pa
per. In compliance with that invitation, I
/ will venture to tell the readers or the Farmer
• how we raise potatoes without hoeing. In
• the first place, we plough the ground as deep
las we conveniently can. Say from ten in ch
es to a foot. We then mark oul. with a light
one-horse plough, two feet ten inches to three
feet apart each way, not to exceed three feet
at most, making as light a mark as vre can.
Plant as soon as we can after preparing the
ground, before the weeds have time to start,
at the rate of from five to ten bushels to the
acre, according to the size of seed, large seed
requiring more bushels per acre than small
ones. We cover about four inches deep ; and
if the ground is not wet step on each hill,
with both feet, to facilitate the sprouting. If
the weather is favorable, they will be up
in ten days or two weeks. As soon as they
make their appearance, we go over them
with a hoe, covering them about two inches
deep with fresh earth. That covers and
keeps back all little weeds and grass, and al
so, if early, protects them from frost. The
potatoes being strong and vigorous, will be
up again in a few days leaving the hill free
from weeds. We let them get about six or
eight inches high, then go lightly each way
between them, with a shovel plough and just
before the vines begin to fall, we go once
more each way with the shovel plough.—
This forms the hill just the right size, if
planted at the distance above'mentioned, and
is all that is necessary to do, except it may
be for a boy to go through them and pullout
the scattering weeds, which will be "few
and far between," that may have escaped the
plow. If the ground is not very mellow it is
well to run the cultivator through them, be
tween the two ploughings. We have raised
our potatoes in this way for several years,
and have always taken the first premium on
them, when we have taken them to our Fairs.
In 1852 we took two first premiums on pota
toes at our Cuyhao County Fair, one on the
best ten acres, and the other on the best bush
el of table potatoes. To succeed in this way
it is necessary to watch them closely.—
Work the ground as far as possible when it
is dry, and do everything just at the right
time, for if the weeds once get the advan
tage, it is "farewell honions," as the Eng
lishman said, when the weeds got the start
of his onion bed. Yours truly,
A Powerful Machine.
A. fire occurred in Lockhaven, on the 6th
inst., which destroyed a large building, cal
led the Arcade. The fire engine of the town
is thus described in connexion with the con-
The "machine" was brought to the scene of
conflagration, and its appearance greeted
with loud and repeated cheers by the assem
bled crowd. It was soon put into service,
and from its nozzle a stream of water was
projected in a graceful curve the distance of
ten feet. The Arcade was entirely consum
ed ; but fortunately, by timely exertions, the
engine was filled with water and moved out
of reach of danger. W 6 have seen this pre
cious article of borough property similarly
exposed before. There is no insurance upon
it, and if it should happen to take fire when
exposed in this way, it would be a total loss.
We respectfully suggest to our borough fath
ers the propriety of Icaving it safely deposit
ed somewhere in the bottom ,of the dam.—
then in case of fire hereafter, our citizens
would not only have the satisfaction of kn ow
ing that the "machine" was not' in danger
from it, but they could direct all their efforts
to the saving of other property.
Horace lann has well said : "People
who shudder at a flesh wound and a trickle
of blood, will confine their children like con
victs, and compel thein month after motnh to
breathe quantities of poison. It would less
impair the mental and phisical constitutions
of chitdren, gradually to draw an ounce of
blood from their veins, during the same
length of time, than to send them to breathe,
for six hours in a day ; the lifeless and pois
oned air of some of our school-rooms. Lot
any man, who votes for confining childlen in.
small rooms and keeping them .on stagnant
air, try the experiment of breathing his own
breath only four times over; and If medical
aid be not on hand, the children will never
be endangered by his vote afterwards.
HAIL is frozen rain produced by cold
currents of air blowing against the small ve
sicles of water before they assume the heavier
properties of rain drops. Snow is produced
in lower regions of the air than hail, and is
frozen after it leaves the clouds. Lightning
is produced by electricity rushing from cloud
to cloud. Thunder is the noise - occasioned
by that discharge.
GEO. H. LODGE