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3 ONE WAY TO WRITE HISTORY.
A Talk With Adam About Discroot
1 have a book published in the early
didactic period of the nineteenth oen
tury which illustrates u certain way of
Imparting historical information. It
was written with the laudable inten
tion of making history interesting to
people who didn't want to venture into
the unfarnillur. The author tbougfit
that if the patriarchs were conceived
of as New England selectmen their
lives could be made as interesting as it
they were New England selectmen.
And i am not sure but that he sue
ceeded. The hook is divided into two
parts, a conversation with Adam cov
ering the space of b.'iO years and an in
terview with Noah giving an account
of the deluge and the other events
with which he was familiar. They are
represented as nice old gentlemen ratu
er formal in their language and strictly
orthodox in tneir opinions. Adam
speaks hopefully of Methuselah, wno
be says, "must be now about fifty
seven years old and Is n discreet and
well principled youth." He was very
much disturbed over the radical views
of the Tubal-Cains.
There is inehiiig In trie hook that
wouid ii;dicj.f ihn Au.iiii i
Noah had been out of Connecticut.—B
M. Crotbers in Atlantic Monthly.
ELECTRICITY IN RAIN.
Th Drops of Moisture, as a Rule, Con
tain Positive Charges.
Rain drops are almost always charg
ed with electricity. The charge is of
ten positive, rarely negative. Many
observers have measured the charge
approximately and made It from
0.000,000.000.000.000,01 to 0.000.000,000.
000,001 amperes per square centimeter
Professor F. Heratb of Kiel describes
In the Revue Electrique the expert
ments by which he has measured tbetn
He received the rain on a fine me
tallic cloth twenty-five meters square,
lnsulnt<>d and attached to a galvanom
eter in a cellar. The galvanometer reg
istered photographically. Among tiie
facts he proves are these:
Rains with a constantly positive
charge are much more frequent than
those that change to a' negative. The
passage from a positive to a negative
charge corresponds to a momentary
cessation of the shower. The quantity
of positive electricity brought by the
rain is fifteen times greater than that
of the negative. The positive currents
In a steady rainfall are about 0.0b0.-
000,000,000,000.1 amperes per square
centimeter. The negative currents
never exceed 0.000.000.000.000.001 am
peres per square centimeter.
Sympathy With Sufferers.
Probably nothing is more stimulating
and genuinely tonic to sufferers, espe
cially those with chronic ailments, than
the feeling that in spite of their own
helplessness they themselves can stlb
be helpful to others. The Shut-in s<>
ciety in this country has made life
more bearable for many persons who
are confined to their rooms or their
houses. Nothing disturbs a certain
class of patients so much as to be con
stantly in contact with those who are
In good health and strength and whom
they can scarcely help but envy. To
be brought into touch with those tor
whom they themselves can feel is a
precious source ot consolation and up
lift Pity is a luxury to be enjoyed,
but no human being likes to be pitied
or to feel that he is an object of pity.
To be conscious of some advantnut- In
one's situation over that of other> is ot
Itself an alleviation for many s>u"k
nesses.—Journal Ameriean Medi< a. As
I An Ornithological Curiosity.
Jane Ann had called, on bci after
noon out to see her friend Matilda.
The hitter's mistress had Ju-< pur
chased a parrot, and Jane Ai.n was
much interested in the bird. iud9
Is very sensible," she said: "yon kiu
learn them anything i used to work
for a lady that had a bird in a clock,
an* when it was time to tei. <Je time or
day it used to come out an' say
•Cuckoo' jest as many times as itm
tinie was!" "Go 'loug. You don't
so!" said Matilda incredulously,
replied Jane Ann. "Ann me nn**i
wonderful part was that u was ouiy a
wooden bird too!"—Loudon i'oo*-.
A Unique Symbol of Freedom.
A curious custom is observed in thr*
village of Great Bookman, Surrey
England. When the wife of a trades
man goes off for the usual summer
holiday to the seaside one or two ex
pert climbers ascend at midnight to
the roof of the house and insert old
brooms in the chimneys as a sign that
the head of the house has the super
vision of the domestic arrangements
in addition to his ordinary work.
Her Lack of Tact.
"Miss Soulsby has not a particle of
"What has she done now?"
"The other evening when Mr. Jag
gles, who Is notorious for not paying
his debts, asked ber to sing she went
to the piano and sang 'Trust Him
Source of His Talent.
"That big financier boasts that he
can take every man's measure."
•That's because he began life as a
tailor's assistant"—Baltimore Ameri
Wife (icily I—You needn't speak to
me for a month. Husband—Then von
expect to have finished talking by that
He that lives with cripples learnt to
Bmp.—George Herbert .
HOW TO WIN BACK A WIFE.
Tact, Diplomacy and Much "Sugar"
Recipe of a Supreme Court Justice.
Analyzing the matrimonial conditions
of today. Justice Morschauser of the
New York supreme court in Brooklyn
"In the olden days as soon as a wo
man married a man she was absorbed
by his family, but now when a woman
marries u man she takes his name and
then absorbs him."
Justice Morschauser was trying to
find away out of the difficulties of
Joseph Maxwell and Mrs. Carrie Max
well. Maxwell's aversion to his
"people-in-law" hopelessly upset every
scheme suggested by Justice Mor
schauser. Finally be declared:
"You are forever waving the red flag.
You must learn to discard the use of
vinegar and employ plenty of sugar
when you see signs of an approaching
marital storm. That's the only way
for a married couple to get along.
"Tact is an absolute necessity for a
happy marriage. You should never
have been married. I know what a
married man should do, for 1 am mar
ried, and if my wife and 1 had a dis
agreement it would take just two sec
onds to straighten things out.
"If you want to win back your wife
you've got i> go about it in the same
way you did when you got her to mar
ry you. Go and get her a box of can
dy; bring her a few flowers once in
awhile; then sit down and talk this
thing over with her."
NEW HOME FOR PRESIDENTS.
Summer Capital on Colorado Mountain
Peak Ready Next Year.
The announcement that President
Wilson has consented to lay the corner
stone of a proposed castle of granite
upon the summit of Mount Falcon, in
Colorado, places an official stamp upon
the plan to dedicate the structure as
the "summer capital" of the United
States—as the residence of the presi
dent and his staff during the hot
months. The castle is to cost $30,000
and its approaches $200,000 more. It
is expected that the main part of the
building will be completed in time for
the president to spend there the sum
mer of 1013.
The new summer capital will be upon
the peak of a mountain which is sev
eral hundred feet more than a mile
higher than the level of Washington.
The foundations of the building are al
ready in place. The site is upon land
donated by John Brisben Walker. The
plan of the summer capital was Mr
Walker's idea, which he has urged for
Germans Plan For Winter Campaign.
The Germans are pushing forward
with the utmost vigor their prepara
tions for a winter campaign.
All the high class shops that former
ly did nothing but make the best fur
garments for ladles are busily engaged
in the manufacture of sheepskin cloth
ing for the soldiers. No fewer than
150,01':) fur coats have been delivered,
presumably for the use of officers, and
2,000,0 c' sheep and lamb skins have
been bought by the government for
winter garments for the men.
SHOES SPOIL OUR FEEL
That Is Why So Few Persons Have
Perfect Pedal Extremities.
A person with normal feet is very
difficult to find. In fact, the doctors
inform us that foot trouble is endemic
in the United States, as well as in
every enlightened country on the globe.
The cause of Chis condition and the
vast suffering which it entails is the
A thousand Porto Ricans whose feet
had never bee shod were examined.
Not a single diseased or deformed foot,
was found among them. A San Fran
cisco surgeon, in commenting on this
fact, declares that among a thousand
shoe wearing Americans there is hard
ly one with normal feet.
The trouble is that the vast majority
of our shoes' are improperly construet
♦ d The fashionable shoe seems built
to force the foot into shapes which,
however slightly, are nevertheless ab
normal. That worn by the masses is
equally inimical to foot health, for the
reason that it is constructed with very
little reference to the lines of the foot
and without effort to adjust it to the
normal movements of that member.
The medical man presents the moc
casin as the most wholesome foot cov
ering yet devised, but very few are
sanguine enough to hope that fashion
will permit its general use. Next to
the moccasin, so we are told, is the
shoe that not only permits the foot to
perform its normal functions unimped
ed, but strengthens it when in use.
This is the shoe that, iustead of pinch
ing the foot or forcing it into abnormal
shapes or positions, actually fits it.—
How Canada Got Its Name.
The origin of the name Canada is
strange enough. The Spaniards visited
that country previous to the French
and made particular search for gold
and silver, and. finding none, they of
ten said among themselves. "Aea uada,"
meaning "There is nothing here." The
Indians, who watched closely, learned
this sentence and its meaning. Later
on the French arrived, and the Indians,
who wanted none of their company and
supposed they had come on the same
errand as the Spanish, were desirous
to inform them in the Spanish sen
teace "Aca nada." The French, who
knew as little of the Spanish language
as they, supposed that the incessantly
recurring sound was the name of the
country and ultimately christened it
Canada, which it has borne ever since.
Pure lithium, which i<? the lightest
i metal known, nas at present no pittcu
LAiilaw i v v<->ruli)ALo.
A Belgian Kongo Savage Tribe That
Cannoc Be Subdued.
The cannibal Baukutus of Belgian
Kongo make a practice of removing
the upper incisors. Their dress con
sists of a plaited skirt, which does uoi
quite meet on the right thigh. But th*
women of the south wear a hide girdl
with a deep fringe of palm fiber string
Among this tribe the slaves are com
pelled to wear a special dress, which
Is. in fact, the ordinary costume >!
the Akela. to which tribe most of then
belong. The Baukutus are great cauui
bals as far as the male members o
the tribe are concerned, and the vic
tims are always slaves In fact, a!
slaves are ultimately eaten, since it is
believed that if a slave were buried
his ghost would kill his master
Their chief weapon is the bow, poison
being used on the arrows. Shields arc
now obsolete. One of their most inter
esting points is their use of a couven
tional throwing knife as currency. The
Bankutus are almost the only tribe ol
this region who have been successful
In resisting the advance of the white
man. This fact is due to their skill tn
forest warfare. The way leading to
their village is defended by poisoned
spikes bidden by leaves. They use
bows and arrows set like traps in the
form of primitive spring guns and are
quite ready if a white man is expected
to bait such traps with a live baby
being sure that the European will be
unable to resist the temptation to pick
up an apparently abandoned child. The
poison they use is absolutely deadly.
THE CHANGING TIDES.
Causes That Contribute to the Rise
and Fall of the Ocean.
Many people regard the rise and fall
of the ocean as a profound and baffling
The mystery really is not very hard
to understand. As we all know, the
surface of the ocean rises and falls
twice in every lunar day, this rise ap
pearing along a coast to be a horizon
tal motion—always ebbing or flowing.
Now, the lunar day consists of about
twenty-five hours. Thus, of course, the
"time" of the tides varies each day.
The tides, moreover, do not always rise
to the same height. Every fortnight,
with the new and full moon, they rise
very much higher than at other times.
These high tides are called "spring"
tides, the alternating low tides being
termed "neap." When the moon is
nearest to the earth the rise and fall
of the ocean are markedly increased.
Thus the spring tides are greatest at
the equinoxes—i. e.. at the end of March
and the end of September.
Yes, you say, but what has the mooa
to do with it at all? Surely it is the
sun which attracts the earth.
That is so. But, although the sun's
attraction on the earth is far greater
than the moon's, the inoou is so very
much nearer to the earth that the dif
ference between its attraction at the
center and on the surface is three
times as great as the sun's. And it is
this difference which causes tides.—
Flight of the Housefly.
Dr. Hindle of Loudon finds that
houseflieo tend to travel either against
or across the wind. This direction
may be directly determined by the ac
tion of the wind, or indirectly, owing to
the flies being attracted by odors
borne by the wind. Fine weather and
warmth favor dispersal, and flies
travel further in the open country than
in towns—probably because the houses
offer food and shelter. In thickly
housed localities the usual maximum
flight is about a quarter of a mile, but
in one case a single fly was recovered
at a distance of 770 yards—partly over
open fenlad. When set free in the
afternoon flies do not scatter so well
as in the morning. Liberated flies of
ten mount almost vertically to a height
of forty-five feet or more.
There is one highly civilized country
in which not one person in four could
give their ruler's name. That country
is Switzerland. One reason why the
president is almost unknown either by
name or by sight is that he is not a
public figure at all. He has no privi
leges as president and no official uni
form—not even of the army. Switzer
land has a fresh president every year.
He has no personal authority as presi
dent and is practically only the speak
er of Switzerland's unassuming little
parliament It is recorded that at a
meeting of Swiss business men no one
could recall the name of the president
The waiter was asked. He happened
to know, because the president was
his uncle.—Philadelphia Times.
The Burns cottage at Ayr is under
the charge of trustees, who purchased
It in 1881 from the Ayr Shoemakers'
incorporation for the sum of £4,000.
The birthplace of the poet had up till
that time been in use as a public
house. The trustees abandoned the
license and after a time removed a
hall and other extraneous buildings
which had been added to the premises
and restored the cottage buildings as
nearly as possible to the state they
may have been in in Burns' time. A
new museum was built at the north
east corner of the grounds. Most of
the relics were removed to the muse
um, which now contains a priceless
collection—a first or Kilmarnock edi
tion of the poet's work, for which £L
-000 was paid, and Burns' family Bi
ble, acquired at a coet of £l,7oo.—Lon
A Hard On*.
"When," he demanded, "will you pay
Smiling, we waved him toward our
C\< * ell?*
' _ "Yqu must ask," we Mid, Ikf JW
r FE P lOT
I k.u uai anna
ARE DEALT WITH
\ Double Execution Under Dra
STORY OF AN EYEWITNESS.
Accompanied French Sentry Who Was
Tracking German Wire Tappers and
Saw Sight That Made Him Thrill
"With a Vague Sickness" and That
Haunts Him Yet.
A correspondent sends to the New
York Times from France this dramatic
story or the execution of two German
A soldier comes out from behind a
pine tree with rifle and fixed bayonet.
"Ou allez-vous?" he says, stepping
"Je vais me promener." I reply, and
anticipate his next demand by display
ing my special permit.
"Monsieur is ze man that writes? 1
Thake you by ze hand with ver' great
He beckons me back among the trees.
"One comes!" he says. "S-sh!"
"You see him!" he asks a moment
ter. "Zere by ze coulver*. S-st" * * •
We both bent forward. A hundred
yards down the narrow path, among
the pines, a man in a workman's blue
blouse is standing, looking in every
direction. Suddenly he takes a cou
ple of steps in among the trees.
Stalking the Enemy's Messenger.
The soldier begins to tiptoe down
among the traes, keeping a few pace:*
away from the path. I am following.
As we go down, a step at a time, noise
lessly on the pine needles, there sounds
a very soft whistle below, which is
answered immediately from some
where to the left and further down the
alope of the pine covered hill.
We take a few more steps in utter
silence, then pause and listen. I hear
the sound now, a soft and cautious
scraping of earth.
The sentry begins to go forward
again, and suddenly we open out a
▼ista, long and narrow, among the
trees. far away, perhaps 200,
i brhaps 230 yards downhill, a figure is
Jing on its stomach, its face close to
jfee earth. Near to the head there is
appears at this distance to be a
The sound of something scraping
ftly at the earth continues. It is now
on our right front, and suddenly I see
the man we have already seen. He Is
about forty yards away, kneeling down.
He is lifting something w r hich looks
like a narrow slab of stone, ne is
stooping now into some cavity which
he has just laid open. He takes a pair
of wire cutters from his pocket, and I
hear the snick distinctly as he cuts
through something in the cavity.
The sound catches the hearing of the
soldier, and he glances to his right
I hear the half hissed "arrre!" again
as he sees the second man. Then sud
denly he pushes his rifle forward.
I thrill with a vague sickness, for 1
know that I am going to see a brief
glimpse of the war horror there among
the hushed sunlight and the shadow of
the tree boles.
What It All Meant.
Far down the hillside, at the end of
the narrow vista among the trees, the
second man has suddenly risen. So ut
ter is the silence that I can hear him
plainly as he coughs. He begins to
naul on something, and I realize sud
denly the meaning of the whole inci
dent that lam watching. The two men
have located the underground private
telephone wire going up to the fort.
They have been tapping it for any
t ews they might pick up, and now
bey are removing a couple of hundred
Jleters of wire bodily, after which no
SDubt they will replace the slabs which
•©ver that roof in the underground
bannel and smooth back the earth and
fc.lne needles over the two disturbed
The soldier is methodical. He takes
the distant man first Kneeling there
behind him, 1 watch with a growing
thrill and tension of tragedy and sick
ness his sunburned cheek cuddle
against the stock of his rifle.
"Cr-rack!" comes the sharp, snapping
bang of the weapon, and the man
down the vista of trees gives a queer
little jump and then turns right around
quickly and looks behind him, and
thus looking and seemingly unaware
that he is the person who has been
shot his heart stops, and he rolls over
quite easily and gently on his side —a
merciful enough death, as these violent
And then, as I stare, the rifle goes
"Cr-rack!" again, and I Jump, for I
am still looking at the silent figure
down the vista of trees.
But the soldier has been attending to
his business and h?s snapped off_v
"One Ey® Open."
Some years ago in London a French
man stepped into a hansom and was
"Where do you wish to go?"
"One eye open," he replied.
"Right," said cabby, who understood
nothing and drove off. After a time,
same question, same reply. Finally
the driver descended and demanded
"One eye open." still was the an
swer. Cabby furious. A crowd assem
bled, a policeman appeared on the
scene and demanded the whole story,
i Then the mystery was solved. The
I Lura wanted to be toaveu to 1 fiigh
1 U atom
mUlfttr FKUIU AJLivrAL SLUUIO.
Photo by American Press Association.
English soldiers in France put grass over their tents so they are not read
ily visiblp fro*** •*
GERMAN GUNS CAPTURED IN FRANCE.
Photo by American Press Association.
England will exhibit some of these trophies in London and other dOtles M i
Droof of the success of British arms. '
Cheerful. *TXopr[<sO UOptlO^I —'OO^
A certain philosopher used to thank |eqg new* o W n £tu ppuj*
his lucky stars when he had the gout 'ee* ppjiao
that it was not the toothache, and ' 4 ieaeq aiqiqjojraoo
when he had the toothache he ga\e ra apijqi no.f l.noa £Pl lu3 f> MpBP
thanks because he had not both com- oquj j ppioqs £q^\ —etunsaQ
plaints at once. -uoseay Buiaow V
| JAMES COLANGELO +
ltalian interpreter t
J and Labor Information Bureau £
Hotel Montgomery Indiana, Pa. £
To the Wholesaler.
In placing INDIANA MACARONI on the market we are coil
fident that the quality of our product will create a big demand. Our
plant is equipped with the most modern machinery, and our
Mr. L. Giammerini has expert knowledge and experience in Macaroni
To the retailer.
If you are unable to procure INDIANA MACARONI from
your wholesaler, or if we have no representative in your town, write
us and we will refer your name and address to your nearest wholesaler.
If vou desire a special kind of Macaroni, we can supply you. It will
pay you to stock the highest grades. If our product is given an oppor
tunity, we are convinced that 3"our costumers will always ask for
To the Consumer.
INDIANA MACARONI made in the same way as the ge
nuine Italian Macaroni. Macaroni, like bread, is best when fresh, and
of course being made in Western Pennsylvania, you can buy INDIANA
MACARONI when only a few days old.
If you want absolutely the highest quality, ask for INDIANA MA
| corner Sixth and Water st. or call Local jl
jjj 'phone. I
We gret fresh fruits of all kinds twice a |
i week. |
| We specialize on California fruits. |
fafc -Jfl" - 2.'. > a'-fcl -J
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