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INDIAN CAVALRY FIGHTING FOR ENGLAND
Photo by American Press Association.
The Widow's Name.
In addressing a letter to n widow—
for Instance. "Mrs. John Jones"—you
can write it Mrs. John Jones or Mrs.
Hilda Jones, whichever you prefer.
Either is proper, there being no hard
and fast rules about the matter. If
Mrs. Jones prefers being addressed as
Mrs. Hilda Jones, then let it be that
There is no law in the case one way
or the other.—New York American.
BELGIAN DOGS AS ARTILLERY HORSES
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Photo by American Press Association.
Japanese Land Troops and She Can't
Help It, Germany Is Told.
Peking, Sept. 24. —The Chinese gov
ernment has replied to the protest ol
Germany against the landing of Jap
anese troops in China disclaiming re
sponsibility for the violation of her
neutrality which, she says, she is un
able to defend.
In its reply the foreign office argues
that the Russians exacted no compen
sations from China for the conse
quences of the Russo-Japanese war.
Accordingly, China denies any liability
for permitting Japan to violate her
neutrality inasmuch as there is no way
in which she could prevent it.
The railway east of Weihsien, in
Shantung, has been taken over by the
Japanese, who made prisoners of the
German railway officials and em
ployees. The Japanese have also cap
tured a number of Austrian marines,
who were proceeding to Tsingtau.
$400,000 Reaches Turkey.
Constantinople, Sept. 24. —The Unit
ed States dispatch boat Scorpion re
turned here from Tenedes, near the
Dardanelles entrance. She brought
Captain Williams of the American
army, who has a fund of $400,000 ad
vanced by "he American government
to American educational and benev
olent institutions in Turkey. This gold
is to be minted into Turkish pounds.
Plant More Wheat In Pennsy.
Harrisburg, Pa., Sept. 24. —More
wheat will be put into the ground this
autumn than for years past in Pennsyl
vania, declare officials of the state de
partment of agriculture who have been
visiting various sections of the state
and attending agricultural exhibitions.
Eng'3nd Promircs I* c y Ports.
Sept. 24.—An interview given
tv \ : ston Churchill to a correspon
dent oi the Giornale D'ltalia, promis
ing Italy Trieste and Trentino, is con
sidered most significant. It is very
likely the prelude to a change of at
titude on the part of Italy.
Cumper Chestnut Crop This Year.
Sharon, Pa., Sept. 24. —Reports from
all sections of northwestern Pennsyl
vania are to the effect that the chest
nut trees are loaded down with nuts.
With a few more warm days the nuts
Will fully mature and the crop will be
bne of the greatest in years.
Our Funny Language.
A man feels put out when he discov
ers that he has been taken in.—Chicago
The sewers of Paris are the mtet
wonderful in the world and constitute
one of the sights of the city. Visitors
are allowed to inspect them on certain
days each week, and it is certainly an
experience to make a "personally con
ducted" tour of the two main sewers
The journey is made on electric cars
and launches, which draw up occasion
fy at brightly illuminated stations.
"Why is a clock like a pretty and
vain young lady?"
"I fail to see any resemblance.
"Because it is all face and Ogure.
has no head to speak of. is hard to
stop when once it is wound up and
has a striking way of calling atten
tion lo itself every hour of the day."—
"A Bound Box."
Take an ordinary rubber band and
stretch It between the thumb and fore
finger of your left hand. If you pick
it with the fingers of the right hand
and let go suddenly It will make a
sound which you can hear distinctly
enough yourself, but which will not be
audible to any one a few feet away.
But if you were to fasten the elastic,
with a pin at each end. to an empty
wooden box, only not so as to touch
the wood, and then twang it the sound
would be much louder than before.
That box Is the sound box, or sound
board, and all stringed instruments
have one in some shape or other.—St.
Ages ago the horse was an animal no
larger than a fox terrier. Today the
species has gone so far ahead that the
elephantine horses seen on the Liver
pool docks are the wonder of every
body who has seen them, and one of
these horses Is able to do as much pull
ing as three ordinary borses which
have not been bred In a similar man
INDIAN TROOPS IN FRANCE
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Photo copyright, 1914, by American Press Association.
WOUNDED BELGIAN SOLDIER
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Photo copyright, 1914, by American Press Association.
He is being carried to hospital by comrades after battle of Malines.
"Mr. Smith, won't you please talk
"Why, certainly, my little girl. But
what do you want me to say?"
"Won't you please talk like you did
when you were talking to yourself In
the library when the dog jumped at
you? Mine's so straight, and mamma
said the way you talked made her hrdr
New Hampshire was first called La
conia, or Lacedaemon. a scholar among
the New Englanders remembering that
the Peloponnesus, the home of the
Spartans and Arglves, mountain
ous; so was a portion of Mew Hamp
shire, hence the propriety of the name.
John Mason, however, who held a pat
ent for the district, called it New
Hampshire after his native country in
England, and then the name Laconia
was transferred to the hilly district
near Lake Champlain.
"Hello. Kitty! Anything going on
here now?" "Yes—a lot of things com
ing off this week."—Boston Transcript
Diet of the Bluebird.
The bluebird, one of the most fa
miliar tenants of the farm and barn
yard, pays amply for its rent and board
by destroying insects, and takes no toll
from the farm crop. Its diet consists
of 68 per cent of insects and 32 per
cent of vegetable matter. The largest
items of insect food are grasshoppers,
beetles and caterpillars.
The greater part of the straw em
ployed for making summer hats comes
from Italy. To obtain suitable straw
for this purpose the wheat is sown as
thickly as possible in order that the
growth of the plant may be impover
ished as well as to produce a thin
The Italian wheat blooms at the be
ginning of June and Is pulled up by
the roots when the grain is half de
veloped- Should It be allowed to re
main in the ground a longer time the
straw would become too brittle for its
Uprooted straws to the number of
about five dozen, the size of the com
pass of the two hands, are firmly tied
together in little sheaves and stowed
away in barns. After that the straw
Is again spread out to catch the heavy
summer dews and to bleach in the sun.
When the product has been sufficiently
bleached it is put into small bundles
The last step is to cut It close above
the first Joint from the top. when it Is
again tied up in small bundles contain
ing sixty stalks each and is then ready
for the market—Chicago Herald.
Too Much of a Breakfast.
Even Peacock's generous ideas of
suitable provisions for a breakfast
were surpassed by a London host who
entertained J. L. Motley. Aug. 3,1867,
Motley writes to his daughter: "I went
to the last breakfast of the season of
the Philobiblon society, given by Mr.
Turner, a collector of rare books. Be
ginning with coffee and tea, we ended
with sherry, champagne and
no; fish, cutlets, rotis, salads, game,
puddings and ice going on meanwhile
in regular order. If you asked me
what I did I can only say I opened
my ears to the animated and intellec
tual conversation and my mouth, not
to eat, but to gape and gasp and won
der at the prodigious consumption of
victuals at that hour of the day. When
1 reflected that all those people would
lunch at 2 and dine at 8 I bowed my
bead in humiliation, and the fork drop
ped from my nerveless grasp."—Lon
Looking Down From High Places.
Why do you feel giddy when you
look down from the top of the house
or even from the upstairs porch? Just
because it's so high eh? That's true,
but it's only half the answer You
know, of course, that your power to
keep your balance on your feet de
pends largely on your vision or sight
When you walk in the dark you stum
ble and bump against things because
you are not used to walking without
seeing. It's the same when you are
away up above the ground and cannot
see familiar things in their familiar
places. Your eyes play you tricks,
you seem to lose your balance, and
your head feels giddy and your steps
are uncertain. If you practice long
enough you can learn to walk without
seeing, but until you have learned that
lesson be careful when you climb to
high places.—Wisconsin State Journal.
Scott Liked Work Pressure.
Scott, who was poet, novelist law
yer, too, would have been greatest of
all as journalist Listen to this from
his Journal for Feb. 15, 1826: "Yester
day I did not write a line of 'Wood
stock.' Partly, I was a little out of
spirits. • • • Partly, I wanted to
wait for some new ideas. • * •
Partly, I was a little too far beyond
the press. I cannot pull well in long
traces, when the draft is too far be
hind me. I love to hate the press
thumping, clattering and banging in
my rear. It creates the necessity
which almost makes me work best
Needs must when the devil drives."
• • * There is the very spirit of jour
nalism, and that devil surely is the
printer's devil I—London Standard.
Most people are fond of good pus
sies, and many are not entirely happy
until they have solved them, but the
man who resolves not to go to bed un
til he has found a divisor without a
remainder (other than 1 and Itself) for
1,111,111,111,111,111,111 will be able to
earn a good living afterward as a sleep
less wonder, for nobody in the world
yet knows whether that number has a
divisor or not
Andrew Fletcher, a Scotch writer.
who died in 171G, wrote to the Marquis
of Montrose, the Earl of Rothes and
others, "I once knew a very wise man
that believed that if a u.au were per
mitted to make all the ballads of a
nation he need not care who should
make the Jaws of a nation."
Insurance Agent—lt was yon who set
the boose on fire with your alcohol
lamp. Tenant —Me? Not on your life!
In the first place, I haven't got a lamp,
and in the second place I'm a lifelong
member of the Temperance league.—
A Nice, Polite Man.
"There's some good things In town
this week," said the girl who was hint
ing for an invitation to the theater.
"Well," responded Mr. Grouch, T
ain't one of 'em."
Breakfast Table Talk.
Mrs. Hnscbe (to new boarder)— How
did yon find your steak tbis morning,
Mr Jobeon? Jobson—Oh, quite easily;
L*.a a detective I—London Answers.
Willla—Putting a pin In a person's
chair Is an old Joke. Wallace—Yea,
but it hasn't lost its point yet—London
a no grace In a benefit that
struts to the finger*.--Seneca.
Btraw For Hats.
Do You Know?
Songs of • Nation.
Old, but Pointed.
ONE WAY TO WRITE HISTORY.
A Talk With Adam About Discreet
I have a book published in the early
didactic period of the nineteenth cen
tury which illustrates a certain way of
imparting historical information. It
was written with the laudable inten
tion of making history interesting to
people who didn't want to venture into
the unfamiliar. The author thought
that if the patriarchs were conceived
of as New Eugland selectmen their
lives could be made as interesting as it
tbey were New England selectmen.
And 1 am not sure but that he suc
ceeded. The book is divided into two
parts, a conversation with Adam cov
ering the space of U3O years and an in
terview with Noah giving an account
of the deluge and the other events
with which he was familiar. They are
represented as nice old gentlemen rath
er formal in their language and strictly
orthodox in their opinions. Adam
speaks hopefully of Methuselah, who.
he says, "must be now about fifty
seven years old and is a discreet and
well principled youth." He was very
much disturbed over the radical views
of the Tubal-Cains.
There is nothing in the book that
would indicate that either Adam or
Noah had been out of Connecticut—S.
M. Crotbers in Atlantic Monthly.
ELECTRICITY IN RAIN.
The Drops of Moisture, as a Rule, Con -
tain Positive Charges.
Rain drops are almost always charg
ed with electricity. The charge Is of
ten positive, rarely negative. Many
observers have measured the charge
approximately and made it from
0.000.000.000.000.000.01 to 0 000.000.000.-
000,001 amperes per square centimeter.
Professor F. Heratb of Kiel describes
In the Revue Electrique the experi
ments by which he has measured them.
He received the rain on a tine me
tallic cloth twenty-five meters square,
insulated and attached to a galvanom
eter in a cellar. The galvanometer reg
istered photographically. Among the
facta he proves are these:
Rains with a constantly positive
charge are much more freqnent tii;n
those that change to a negative. The
passage from n positive to a negative
charge corresponds to a momentary
cessation of the shower. The quantity
of positive electricity brought by the
rnin is fifteen times greater than that
of the negative. The positive currents
In a steadv rainfall are about 0 000.-
(XHM)oo.o<n.:>i>n.i amperes |>er square
centimeter. The negative currents
never exceed 0.000.000.000.000.001 am
peres per square centimeter.
Sympathy With Sufferers.
Probably nothing is more stimulating
and genuinely tonic to sufferers, espe
cially those with chronic ailments, than
the feeling that in spite of their own
helplessness they themselves can still
be helpful to others. The Sbut-in so
ciety In this country has made life
more bearable for many persons who
are confined to their rooms or their
houses. Nothing disturbs a certatn
class of patients so much as to be con
stantly in contact with those who are
in good health and strength and whom
they can scarcely help but envy. To
be brought into touch with those tor
whom they themselves can feel is a
precious source of consolation and up
lift Pity is a luxury to be enjoyed,
but no human being likes to be pitied
or to feel that he is an object of pity.
To be conscious of some advantage In
one's situation over that of others Is of
Itself an alleviation for many sick
nesses.—Journal American Medical As
An Ornithological Curiosity.
Jane Ann had called, on her after
noon out. to see her friend Matilda.
The latter's mistress had Just pur
chased a parrot, and Jane Ann was
much Interested in the bird. "Birds
Is very sensible," she said; "you kin
learn thorn anything. 1 used to work
for a lady tii.it had a bird In a clock,
an' when it was time to tell de time of
day it used to come out an' say
'Cuckoo' jest as raauy times as the
time was!" "Go 'long! You don't say
so!" said Matilda incredulously. "Yes!"
replied Jane Ann. "And the most
wonderful part was that it was only a
wooden bird too!"— London Globe.
A Unique Symbol of Freedom
A curious custom is observed in ihe
village of Great Bookman.
England. When the wife of a trades
man goe3 off for the nsual summer
holiday to the seaside one or two ex
pert climbers ascend at midnight to
the roof of the house and Insert old
brooms in the chimneys as a sign that
the head of the bouse has the super
vision of the domestic arrangements
In addition to his ordinary work.
Her Lack of Tact.
"Miss Soulsbv has uot a particle of
"What has she done now?"
"The other evening when Mr. Jag
gles, who is notorious for not paying
his debts, asked her to sing she went
to the piano and 6ang Trust Him
Notf Plttsbnrgb Dispatch.
Source of Hie Talent
"That big financier boasts that he
can take every man's measure."
"That's because be began life as a
tailor's assistant"—Baltimore Amert
Wife (icily I—You needn't speak to
me for a month. Hnsband—Then you
expect to have finished talking by that
He that lives with cripplea learns to
GERMANS BLAME FRENCH
Reasons Given For Firing on Cathe
dral at Rheims.
Berlin (Via London), Sept. 24. —The
headquarters staff in further explana
tion of the bombardment of the cathe
dral of Rheims says:
"Since Sept. 20, when a white flag
was hoisted in the steeple, the cathe
dral has been respected by our artil
lery. We soon discovered that the
French had used the steeple as a point
of observation which sufficiently ex
plained the good shooting of thi
"It became necessary to remove the
observation post which removal was
effected by shrapnel from the field
ITALIANS WANT TO ENLIST
Thousands Apply to British Embassy
London, Sept. 24. —The Standard s
Rome correspondent sends the follow
"As a sequel to the war demonstra
tions 1,000 Italians have applied to
the British embassy for permission to
enroll in the British army. Business
firms have made offers to the embassy
to provide steamers and other facili
ties for the transportation of the
troops and supplies.
"The Italians are boiling over with
impatience at the government's hesi
tation. The war fever is throbbing in
the people's veins."
FRENCH ARE WEAKENING
So Official Dispatch to German Em
bassy In Washington Saya.
Washington, Sept. 24. —The French
armies are weakening and their center
is retreating, according to an official
dispatch made public at the Germa
embassy. The dispatch also contained
the statement that Verdun had been
"successfully bombarded." It says
"The French offensive spirit weak
ening. French losses are enormous.
Their center retreating. Verdun suc
cessfully bombarded. The effect of
German mortars was terrible. Paris
papers show spirit downcast."
WEAR FRENCH UNIFORMS
Germans Manage to Come Close to
New YorK, Sept. 24. —Definite first
hand news was received here that de
tachments of German soldiers have
keen using French uniforms for blinds,
and under cover of these on at least
one occasion managed to saunter close
to a British detachment.
Then, when the suspicion of the
British officers had been stilled, the
order to fire was given. On the oc
casion referred to the British managed
to beat them back and for five hours
4be battle was fought with only the
kyeadth of the road separating the two
• WEATHER EVERYWHERE. *
Observations at United States *
* weather bureau taken at Bp. m. •
* yesterday follow: •
Pittsburgh 80 Cloudy •
New York 79 Clear •
Boston 76 Clear •
Buffalo 56 Rain ♦
Chicago 60 Clear *
St. Louis 64 Clear *
New Orleans.. 76 Rain •
Washington.... 78 Clear *
Philadelphia... 78 Clear •
• The Weather. *
• Cloudy tonight; Friday, fair; *
• moderate winds. •
• •**••••••£•* 2