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This Pennsylvania liquor store employee, Jack Black of Altoona, may loose his
livelihood if Harrisburg acts on proposals to revamp the state’s liquor control
Pa. liquor monopoly
may end or change
Daily Collegian Staff Writer
Pennsylvania’s liquor monopoly may
either be ended or altered drastically as'
the slate legislature responds to
allegations of poor management,
overpricing and declining profits.
“The public has been in
convenienced,” state Senator James R.
Kelley, D-Westmoreland, said. “They’re
not getting what they want, where they
want and how they want it.”
Kelley, chairman of the Senate Law
and Justice Committee which in
vestigated the Liquor Control Board last
year, has submitted a legislative
package which would abolish state
stores but keep the state in liquor
He said the state should not be in the
■business of retailing liquor and that the
(State store system is costing more than it
“Seventy-seven percent of the cost of
the Slate store system is in the wages,
that’s outrageous,” Kelley said.
As of last year, state store clerks
earned up to $12,600 a year and
managers made .over $20,000 a year.
$ Kelley also said the state store system
has failed to keep up with the times, and
the needs of todays’ consumer.
“Employees are forbidden to be
salesmen,” he said. “They’re clerks and
can’t educate the public about the
products they’re buying.”
'W Kelley said his other main objections
to the state’s liquor monopoly were high
prices, little selection and a declining
However, Richard Lester, Liquor
Control Board supervisor for Centre
County said that he doesn’t see a word of
''truth in Kelley’s allegations.
.“Prices aren’t that bad; there’s not
that much difference from other states,”
Lester said. “And we carry between
2’ooo and 3,000 items. A private in
dividual couldn’t afford that.”
Lester said he sees little chance of the
f.ststate stores being abolished, mainly
because they make so much money.
“They've been talking about getting
Hungry students stretch budgets with food stamps
Editor’s note: This is the last in a series
on hunger in the Centre Region.
By PAUL MOSS
Daily Collegian Staff Writer
Hunger affects University students as
CfceH as other members of the State
‘.Jacqueline Stutts, Centre County food
stamp supervisor, estimates that ap
proximately 340 students receive food
iFor many students, applying for food
stamps was a difficult thing to do. One
student said: “When I first did it I felt
really embarassed and almost guilty.
My parents and everyone felt that I was
leaching off the government. It was like
something that was looked down upon.”
.‘Another student said there was a
difference between using food stamps at
school and using them at home. ■
“Here I’m just a student; there’s
nothing wrong with it. At home it’s a
matter of being poor and people don’t
want to admit to being poor. It’s a
matter of pride," he said.
Marianne Schrader, deaconess of the
Christian Mission, an organization in
State College that helps needy people,
said, “it’s really hard for a person to be
poor and to have to admit it." She said
that there may be resentment in the
■/V . u
'T \ )[:
rid of the state stores since ’35,” he said.
“Last years’ take was three million
more than the year before. We’re just
getting bigger and better.”
But Representative Stanford I. Lehr,
R-Montgomery, chairman of the state
House Liquor Control Committee, said
he felt the problems of the state stores
were due to mismanagement.
“There’s been poor management from
the top on down,” Lehr said. “If the
system is run properly with proper
management, we could make a few
Lehr, who said he is working closely
with Governor Dick Thornburgh, has
introduced a bill that would give local
managers more power and hire more
“Right now, there are 2,000 part-time
employees who work only about 13 hours
a week and still get benefits while the
full-time employees don’t work
weekends during peak business hours.
That’s stupid,” he said.
Lehr said he did not agree at all with
Senator Kelley’s proposal to abolish
“With Kelley’s bill, licenses would go
to the high bidder and you know who that
would be: organized crime,” he said.
“No private individual could afford to
State Senator J. Doyle Corman Jr., R
-34th, said he believed the state should
get out of the liquor business but that he
supported a bill to be presented by
Senator Richard A. Tilghman, R-
Montgomery, rather than Kelley’s bill.
He also said Tilghman’s bill would get
the state out of retailing. Corman’s only
objection to the bill was that liquor
licenses would be handed out on a first
come-first serve basis. He said that
could lead to those with political pull
getting the licenses and instead favored
a lottery system.
“With a bill so complicated, for
anything to get passed it will be in the
second year of our two-year session,”
Corman said. “I don’t think there’s
much interest by the public in the state
running the liquor business.”
community against students receiving
Some potentially eligible students
don’t apply for the program. One student
receiving food stamps said, “There are
some people who even if they are
eligible, because it’s inbred in them that
they shouldn’t be a leach, won’t apply for
Others may not know that they are
eligible for the program. The same
student said that “I know there’s a damn
lot of people that aren’t acquainted with
Students can find out if they are
eligible for food stamps by making an
appointment with the Centre County
Board of Assistance.
Another student on food stamps said,
“They send you all the stuff you need in
the mail. Then you go in for about ten
minutes. It’s no big deal.”
Some students on food stamps feel
uncomfortable using them at the store.
One student on both food stamps and
welfare said, “When I’m cashing a
check or' paying with food stamps or
using my medical card, I feel a certain
amount of condescension. Some doctors
refuse to accept my medical card.”
Some students said getting food
stamps can occasionally be a hassle.
One student who received food stamps
American hostages freed in Iran
TEHRAN, Iran (UPI) - Armed
followers of Ayatollah Ruhollah
Khomeini yesterday rescued the U.S.
ambassador and 70 other Americans
held hostage inside the U.S. Embassy.
The Americans were being held by
more than 100 rampaging left-wing
guerrillas who seized the embassy from
19 Marines following a two-hour gun
Three of the guerrillas were shot dead,
apparently by the defending Marines.
An Iranian waiter also was killed in the
attack and two Marines were wounded.
Government spokesmen blamed
Communists and left wing “traitors” for
launching the embassy attack.
At nightfall, Iran’s national radio, in
the hands of Khomeini followers since'
Sunday’s revolution, issued a bulletin
announcing it was under attack.
The radio appealed to all “true
Raise proposals rejected as unconstitutional
by bHAKON KINK
Daily Collegian Staff Writer
State Sen. J. Doyle Corman, R-34th, said a talk with a
presidential adviser and the unconstitutionality of the
original Commonwealth Compensation Commission
pay raise report resulted in the rejection of two
legislative pay raise proposals by the Senate on
By a vote of 44-5, the Senate first defeated the
proposals approved by the House last week that called
for an 8 percent raise in the legislators’ $18,720 salary
in 1980 and another 7 percent increase in 1981.
These proposals were amended from the commission
report that recommended an immediate 8 percent
salary increase and a 7 percent increase in 1981 for
legislators, an across-the-board 14.5 percent raise for
the judiciary and a 12.5 percent increase for Gov. Dick
Thornburgh’s cabinet. The report was also rejected by
the Senate, 34-15.
Corman, who voted against both proposals, said
when the House proposals were brought before the
Senate, Minority Leader John Stauffer called a
member of the president’s Council on Wage and Price
Stability about the raises because “we were concerned
about the increases’ being within the president’s wage
guidelines.” . •
“He (the council member) suggested that the in
creases were slightly over the 14 percent limit and to
make the raises 7 and 7 percent instead of 7 and 8
percent,” he said. “We certainly wanted to be within
the guidelines, so we voted to send the proposals back
to the House to see if they could amend it (the raise
“Of course we voted down the Commonwealth
Commission report because it was unconstitutional,”
Corman said. The state Constitution prohibits in-
Court asked to rehear student voting case
By AMY SMITH
Daily Collegian Staff Writer
The 3rd Circuit Court of Appeals in
Philadelphia was petitioned to recon
sider its decision to ban student voting
for members of the University Board of
Trustees, one of the suit’s plaintiffs said
The suit, charging that the process of
trustee selection violates student rights
by prohibiting student voting for
trustees, was recently rejected by the
3rd Circuit Court of Appeals.
“I was disappointed with the first
decision,” James Scarantino,’ the
“What worries me is the court
recognized the board of trustees as a
public organization but says it has fallen
short of governmental body standards.
This may place the board beyond public
last month said she was not able to
receive them this month because the
board of assistance requires her to
reapply each month and there were no
appointments available in February.
She said, ‘ ‘They didn’t have time to see
me for the whole month. If I didn’t have
to reapply, I’d still be getting stamps.
Now my funds are running low and I
might have to borrow money.” Another
student complained that his stamps
were about two weeks late in arriving.
Food stamps'can really be a help for a
student in meeting his dietary needs.
However, if the individual is on both
welfare and food stamps there may not
be much room for extras.
One student participating in both of
these programs said, “You can make it
if you are really frugal and you know
how to make nutritious meals without
meat and you don’t have any vices like
smoking or drinking but there’s no
room for luxury.”
For some students, food will come first
in a budgetary crisis. For others, bills
will take priority.
A student head of a family with two
children said, “If I had the cash, I’d
supplement the ‘food stamps, but
because of the utilities, I just don’t have
it.” He receives about $95 a month over
Continued on page 4.
Vol. 79, No. 127 18 pages
University Park, Pa 16802
revolutionaries,” meaning Khomeini
followers, to go to the radio station to
help repel the onslaught. It did not
identify the attackers. After the appeal,
the radio continued playing music.
The gunmen who seized the embassy,
including both men and women dressed
in Palestinian headdresses, put thick
hoods on the Marines when they
surrendered with their hands in the air.
The Marines were kicked and punched
as they stumbled from the building.
The gunmen brandished guns and
knives and slapped U.S. Ambassador
William Sullivan when he gave up the
embassy the last man out after his
aides had burned secret papers and
smashed sensitive equipment.
Sullivan, cut off from communications
with Washington, appealed for help to
Moslem leader Ayatollah Khomeini,
whose forces took control of Iran three
cumbent legislators from receiving salary increases.
The commission report will now go back to the
House. If they fail to reject the proposals in the next
two weeks, the raises will go automatically into effect
on March 1.
State Rep. Gregg Cunningham, R-Centre, said the
Senate rejections please him, but he doesn’t know the
Senate’s reasoning behind them.
“I’m pleased if the Senate’s motive is to willingly
provide leadership to set an example for the Com
monwealth,” he said. “But I don’t know what the
Senate’s thinking is on this. The ball is clearly in our
court now. They may have sent the proposals back to
us thinking we wouldn’t react to them.”
“I don't see how we have any alternative but to
reject them now,” Cunningham said. “The raise is
apparently unconstitutional, and I can’t see a
responsible House passing something like that.”
Cunningham also commented on the House vote to
delay the financial disclosure act, saying the delay is
part of an attempt to kill the act altogether.
“There are many, many representatives who don’t
like the fact they will have to disclose their sources of
income,” he said. “There will be efforts to delay,
water-down, weaken, circumvent and prevent the
ethics act. Every efforl will be made to see it is not
applied in a meaningful way.”
Cunningham said he was ready Monday to introduce
an amendment that called for immediate im
plementation of the act. He said the amendment slated
candidates for public office could file their financial
statement in an affidavit with the county board of
elections, but when he got to the floor of the House, the
Democrats had amendments they wanted to add to the
“Our leadership then got together with the
control and above public response,”
Scarantino is concerned with "the
tremendous imbalance” of interest
groups on the board.“We are asking why
we should maintain this structure that
gives control - of Penn State to selected
“Students have the right to select their
own trustees ... in the form of a vote,”
David Hickton, student trustee said.
“Our interests are comparable to
The method of choosing the trustees
dates back 124 years to the creation of
the University as the Farmer’s High
School of Pennsylvania.
“If we start to change, we will have to
change the entire structure of the
board,” William K. Ulerich, board
member and former board president
There are 32 trustees. Six are choosen
days ago, on a special “hotline.”
Khomeini dispatched his own armed
followers to rescue the ambassador and
the 70 Americans and 70 Iranian em
ployees being held in the embassy.
“The Khomeini group arrived in the
nick of time to save us,” Sullivan said in
an interview with UPI after he was
released. “It’s been an interesting
Valentine’s day. Well, you win a few and
you lose a few.”
At nightfall, unidentified armed
gunmen remained perched on rooftops
surrounding the embassy compound and
Khomeini supporters guarding the
embassy said they feared a nighttime
“We are in a somewhat precarious
situation,” Sullivan said before retiring
to his quarters inside the embassy
compound. He described relations
between the Iran and the United States
by state industrial organizations, six by
state agricultural associations and nine
by University alumni. The suit does not
challenge the appointment of six
trustees chosen by the governor and five
“This is how the Penn State charter is
set up. There is nothing we can do about
it,” Quentin Wood, board member said.
“The interests of the public are much
larger than of those represented on the
“Students have a closer and more
vested interest in the University,”
“The design of the board of trustees
has been a unique and successful
situation,” Ulerich said.“ Students
already have a voice. . . . However, I
would not object to a student ballot for
the student trustee."
Student trustees were first appointed
by former Governor Milton Shapp.
Published by Students of The Pennsylvania State University
following the day's attack as "in
Col. Ali Rahimi, spokesman for
Khomeini, said, “Our people have met
with the ambassador and apologized for
“We have assured them (the
Americans) of our full protection and of
our respect and now . our young
revolutionaries are protecting the
embassy,” Rahami said.
Khomeini, faced with unchecked
violence and defiance only three days
after he purged the government of pro
shah elements, called for a total end to
strikes throughout Iran by Saturday.
But, as the 78-year-old religious leader
addressed the nation over the radio, his
forces battled with opponents in the west
Iranian city of Tabriz and an estimated
300,000 guns looted during the revolution
Continued on page 18.
Democratic leadership, and they made a deal: we
wouldn’t introduce' any of our amendments if they
wouldn’t introduce any of theirs,” Cunningham said.
He also said the reasons given on the House floor for
the financial disclosure delay, such as the commission
not being fully set and ready to function, are different
from the reasons given in the corridors of the Capitol.
Cunningham criticized the governor and the Ethics
Commission in general.
“The governor’s Ethics Commission should be pulled
up and ready to go,” he said. “It should not have taken
the governor and the commisson this long to get set up
and working. Setting up the commission should have
been the first thing the governor did when he took of
fice. But he didn’t appoint the last person to the
commisson until last week.”
“And these people (commisson members) should
have been getting organized all along, getting the
disclosure forms ready to be sent to the printers and
distributed as soon as the commission appointments
were completed,” Cunningham said. “The governor
has been deliberately dragging his feet on this matter,
creating excuses about why the commission isn’t
ready. Now everyone is saying there are all these
delays in forming the commission, let’s delay the
He said there is every likelihood the Senate will vote
to postpone the disclosure act.
The act was sent to the Senate Local Government
Committee, where it was approved and put on floor
fora vote next week.
Gorman, Republican chairman of the committee,
said he expects the Senate will vote for the delay.
“I'll vote in favor of the delay,’’ he said. "It has to be
delayed because the (Ethics) commission isn’t ready
to start operating yet.
Governor Dick Thornburg has not taken
a stand on the issue. '
The position of the student trustee “is
not full-fledged,” Scarantino said.
“Students should have direct
“We intend to follow through on this. It
would be a great tragedy if we are not
given a rehearing,” he said.
Enough , already
Very light snow or freezing drizzle
early today will give way to steadier
snow or sleet this afternoon and change
back to all snow later tonight with 1 to :i
inches accumulation The high today
will be 20 with a low of 16 tonight.
Decreasing cloudiness, some flurries
and breezy conditions are on tap for
tomorrow with temperatures holding