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taken by police
KENT, Ohio ( UPI) Singing and
chanting demonstrators, some with their
arms and legs entwined, were pried
apart, dragged and carried to buses at
Kent State University yesterday as
police broke up a two-month sit-in at the
site where four antiwar students were
killed in 1970 by National Guard troops.
The first to be arrested were the
parents of a girl killed when authorities
smashed the Vietnam antiwar protest
seven years ago. Also hauled away was
one of the students wounded in that clash
and his parents.
The demonstrators sang "We Shall
Overcome" and chanted "We Shall Win"
While they were being arrested.
They had set up a "Tent City" May 12
at the site of a proposed $6 million
gymnasium which Kent State wants to
build in the area where the students
were shot by guardsmen during the
demonstration on May 4, 1970.
A total of 194 persons were arrested.
About 1,000 persons who watched the
arrests marched to the KSU commons
and held a rally to protest the jailing of
the protestors. All those arrested were
charged with contempt of court, and one
of them ' also with resisting arrest. They
,were required to post $25 bond each, but
no court hearing date was scheduled
, Kent State University police dressed
in riot gear, armed only with nightsticks
but backed up by Portage County
sheriff's deputies and Kent city police,
moved into the area at about 8 a.m., with
court orders handed down Monday.
Mr. and Mrs. Martin Scheuer of
Boardman, Ohio, parents of Sandra
Scheuer, one of the student killed by the
guardsmen, were the first two persons
Also arrested were the parents of Alan
Shapp concludes budgeting blitz
r HARRISBURG (AP) -: GoV. Shapp
Wrapped up his three-day budget blitz
yesterday by telling a joint legislative
session the public will accept taxes in
return for state services.
Afterward, legislators said they were
skeptical of Shapp's remarks,
Meanwhile, the Senate-House con
ference committee met for. over six
hours yesterday without reaching a 1 If lawmakers decide to raise taxes,
compromise budget. Cianfrani said he favors increasing the
Chairman Henry Cianfrani, D- income and corporate net income taxes.
Legislators' tax battle continues
" HARRISBURG (AP) The tax battle
now unfolding in the legislature will be
decided on the strength of House and
Senate leadership, not the Shapp ad
ministration's scare campaign, mem
bers said yesterday.
So far, Senate leaders seem the most
in control. House leadeis still don't seem
close to producing the needed votes for
. And Shapp's three-day scare cam
paign has failed, members said.
Some relief from the humidity is an
ticipated. Partly sunny, warm, but a
little less humid today, high 87. Mostly
Clear tonight low 65. Mostly sunny and
warm tomorrow with a high near 85.
Canfora, who was wounded in the 1970
shootings. Canfora also was arrested.
The demonstrators were booked at the
scene, put into four waiting buses and
hauled to the Portage County courthouse
and jail. However, the jail was not large
enough to hold all of the protestors and
arrangements were made for bail, if
protestors wanted to be released. Some
have vowed to stay in jail.
The protestors formed a circle, linked
arms and legs, and forced police to pry
Two men in wheelchairs were in the
center of the circle and were the last
arrested. One of the demonstrators in a
wheelchair was Ron Kovic, a crippled
Vietnam veteran and author of the
antiwar book, "Born on the Fourth of
"It is essential that we behave our
selves and conduct ourselves in the
manner we said we would do all along,"
one demonstrator shouted through a
The Ohio Chapter of the American
Civil Liberties Union, which had a team
of attorneys at the scene, praised the
work of the law enforcement officers.
"The police handled themselves ad
mirably," said an ACLU spokesman.
"They showed restraint and care for the
physical well-being of those they hauled
While the arrests were taking place,
the May Fourth Coalition, which planned
the sit-in, said it demanded "that all
charges be immediately dropped and
that all those arrested be immediately
"We are not intimidated by the Kent
State University administration's at
tempt to silence us and break our just
protest,'"' said a spokesman for the
Philadelphia, saidthe, committee would
combine four budget proposalsinto two.
One would call for about $5OO million in
new taxes. The other would need no tax
Cianfrani said he hopes the committee
will have the two proposals ready for the
four legislative caucuses by tomorrow
Faced with about seven tax opponents
in the majority Democratic caucus,
Senate President pro tempore Martin
Murray has quietly but steadily lobbied
for the 26 votes needed to pass a budget.
He's very close to getting the four
Republican votes he needs to pass a
budget calling for new taxes.
And he's doing it in the time-honored
way through political dealing.
Republicans expect to win a few
concessions in return for their votes.
"It's awfully hard to say no to Marty,"
one Republican senator said
"He's an accommodating and smart
politician. He's well respected. He
addresses himself to the needs of the
Shapp, on the other hand, the state's
top Democrat, has few allies among
Dave Baughman (left) of Howard and Dan Straw, State College, display their
brute strength setting up Allen Street in preparation for this weekend's Arts
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Riot police advance on demonstrators at Kent State University yesterday morn
ing. A total of 194 protestors were arrested, including the parents of a KSU anti-
He said the committee is considering
moving the state police into the state's
general fund. That would free up about
$9O million for highway maintenance.
The new tax budget would include
increases in school subsidies. To give
Philadelphia extra help, the state would
let its school district postpone a $34
million payment due the state this year.
Cianfrani said Shapp's Philadelphia
school refinancing plan is dead. The
proposal called for the state to buy city
If Shapp were in command, he would
be directing the search for votes, said
Sen. Robert Mellow, D-Lackawanna, an
outspoken tax opponent. _
"Shapp is totally without credibility,"
one Republican senator said. "Whatever
he says is suspect."
The same Republican predicted that if
the administration's tax proposals do get
through the Senate, it will be Murray's
victory, not Shapp's.
"He's damn lucky he's got Marty
Murray working for him in the Senate,"
the Republican said.
In the House, rank and file members
complained about the leadership
"There's so little effort to find out
what's on our minds," said Rep. Joseph
91 , ,
schools with $358 million from bonds
over the next several years.
In his speech, Shapp rehashed tales of
disrupted services recited by his cabinet
members since Friday.
And he told lawmakers they need not
fear taxpayer ire just because taxes go
"Our citizens are responsible people
who are willing to foot the bill for
government if it provides them with
vital services," Shapp said.
"And they will be justifiably angry
when they realize how a budget such as
that proposed last week will impair the
quality of life here in Pennsylvania," he
Meanwhile, Senate leaders seemed
closer to the 26 votes they need to pass a
budget requiring new taxes. A number of
Republicans, offered budget concessions
in return for their vote, seemed willing
to support the budget.
But eight Senate Democrats were
preparing to release a position paper
today declaring their opposition to tax
There was no indication from the
House that it was any closer to getting
the 102 votes it needs to pass higher
Lawmakers interviewed after the
speech repeatedly questioned Shapp's
In his speech, Shapp picked out
hospital, housing, mass transit and
health programs that would be axed by a
proposed no-tax budget.
Carter says U.S.
WASHINGTON (AP) The monitoring ,of domestic
American telephone calls by the Soviet Union may be an in
trusion, but does not represent a threat to the nation's
security, President Carter said yesterday.
The President added that his own telephone conversations
and those of the Defense Department are shielded because
they are transmitted through underground cables which
presumably cannot be monitored.
But he declined to go into specifics on telephone intercepts,
saying the "electronics capabilities of different nations' in
telligence forces is not a proper subject for complete
The comments involve the interception of microwave
communications, including telephone calls. Carter tacitly
acknowledged that thousands of American phone calls
probably are monitored by the Soviets and others.
The process apparently is not complicated: microwaves
carrying the calls are intercepted with a radio antenna.
Computers can sort out thousands of calls being trans
mitted, and a particular call can be isolated and monitored.
Soviet properties in the United States, particularly in
Washington, are equipped with rooftop antennas presumably
capable of receiving the microwave transmissions.
"It is not an act of aggression or war," the President noted
"It is completely passive "
The subject arose when Carter was asked about a statement
by Sen. Daniel P. Moynihan, D-N.Y., that the administration
should demand an end to Soviet eavesdropping. ,
Carter said this activity "has become a common ability for
nations to pursue" and reported that, apparently before he
took office, the government began taking steps to safeguard
key telephone communications.
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Vietnam pri)testor killed by National Guardsmen in May, 1974. The demonstrators
were trying to prevent the building of a $6 million gymnasium at the site.
The Univergity Department of
Safety has asked FBI bomb experts to
aid in the investigation of an ex
plosion which caused $l,OOO damage
to a car and a Graduate Circle
apartment unit 5 a.m. Sunday, police
Police Service Manager Thomas R.
Harmon said evidence was sent to the
FBI in connection with the bomb,
which destroyed the front end of a
1961 Ford Falcon owned by John C.
Thompson, A graduate-academic
curriculum); of 12-B Graduate Circle.
The explosion injured no one, but
blew the hood of the car 21 feet to the
Toilet tagged at $4,200
A new bathroom being constructed
in the Old Main Provost's office will cost
about $4,200, according to University
vice-president for business Ralph Zilly.
The Daily Collegian quoted sources
from the University's Maintenance and
Operations department in an article last
Friday that the five-by-five foot
bathroom cost $lO,OOO.
In addition to the bathroom, a new
office being built for a new position, "the
Ten cents per copy
Wednesday, July 13, 1977
Volume 78, No. 15 10 pages University Park, Pa. 16802
Published by Students of The Pennsylvania State University
During his 30-minute meeting with reporters, the President
also discugsed these other topics:
—He favors initial moves to produce high-radiation
neutron bombs but has yet to decide whether to call for their
Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin has told hirrP
privately he will come here next week with "an open mind,"/
and would be able to attend a possible Middle East peace'
conference "with all items being negotiable."
Carter is endorsing a congressional compromise that
would boost the minimum wage to $2.65 an hour.
The Soviet Union, in Carter's view, has some unknown
"political reasons" for exaggerating disagreements with the
United States. Carter said Soviet attacks on him and on the
nation's good faith "are both erroneous and ill-advised."
The President believes his relations with ' the
Democratic-controlled Congress have improved, expressing
the view that they have matured and that, for both sides, "it
has just been a matter of getting to know one another."
Carter first disclosed his support for production of the
neutron bomb in a letter to Sen. John C. Stennis, chairman of
the Senate Armed Services Committee. .
But he said he was awaiting reports before deciding whether
to deploy the weapon.
The Senate is to take up the issue of funding the weapons
The Teamster Local 8 will meet with the University again on
Aug. 11, not Aug. 8, as was reported in Monday's Daily
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rear of the vehicle, according to
The blast, still under investigation
by police services, shattered 14 panes
of glass in eight windows.
Other observable damage at the
scene indicated that pieces of debris
were thrown as far as 27 feet.
A wrought-iron railing was dented
at that distance, and a neighbor said
that debris from the blast entered his
According to others at the scene
yesterday, police services removed
soil from the area immediately in
front of the damaged car.
executive assistant to the Provost," will
cost about $5,400, according to Zilly.
The bathroom will occupy one corner
of the new ten-by-ten foot office and will
lead out to a hallway as well as into the
The executive assistant position will
.by Richard L. Morrill, who is
now an assistant to Edward D. Eddy of
Chatham College, the University's
Provost-to-be. Eddy is president of