Newspaper Page Text
:lindness difficult but surmountable
Gary Le Gates, a •blind 1976 University graduate, punches a
braille label to identify his possessions. '
WASHINGTON (AP) The
House Ways and Means
Committee wrapped up work
yesterday on President
Carter's energy-tax program,
Piricluding a tax on gas
guzzling cars, a levy to raise
fuel prices, and rebates for
every adult American.
'Chairman Al Ullman said
0 1 that in the long run the bill
will meet the nation's
requirements "without a
jarring economic backlash."
'Carter's chief tax advisor,
said that "over-all we think
it's a good job."
Woodworth did not seem
concerned that the energy
saving over the next eight
„years would be only 2.8 mil
lion barrels of oil per day,
compared with the 4.7 million
recommended by Carter.
Some administration officials
conceded privately that some
outlined by Carter were
Although the package of
taxes 'and credits was
changed considerably from
what Carter recommended on
' v Aptil 20, both sides agree the
thrust remains the same.
It includes a special tax
credit of up to $4OO for persons
who weatherize their homes;
repeal of the tax deductions
now allowed for state and
University police reported a
weedeater . was taken from
Porter Road near Beaver
EStimated value was $250.
University police reported
unknown persons broke into
the vending machine in the
lObby of Snyder Hall
y4sterday. Cash removed
‘frpm the coin box was
estimated at $44.50.
Kelly Ruppel, 420 Bigler
Hall, reported her room and
cai keys stolen Monday night.
—by Wayne Johnson
• ••'' TEMPLE
DRIVE IN 'THEAT : RE
1600 N. Atherton St.
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local gasoline taxes; and new
taxes and credits deisgned to
make it attractive ' for in
dustries and power plants to
switch from oil or gas to coal.
All that remains for the
committee is a final formal
vote on the tax provisions on
July 13. A special ' House
energy panel then will
combine them with non-tax
parts of the Carter program
before sending the package to
the full House. Then, the
process will be repeated in the
Starting with 1979 models,
buyers of new cars that get
poor gas mileage would face a
tax of $339 or more. That
would apply -to cars- getting
between 14 and 15 miles per
gallon. By 1985, the tax would
range from $397 for models
getting 22.5 to 23.5 mpg to
$3,856 to those getting less
than 12.5 mpg.
The portion of the package
'affecting most people is
.Carter's, t.x on crude oil,
aimed at hiking the price of
energy and ' thus forcing
Americans to save.
This tax would be phased in
over three years, starting
next Jan. 1. The levy would be
paid originally by refineries,
but the tax would, be passed
along through alliages of the
distribution chain, ultimately
By 1980, when fully ef
fective; the tax would be
expected to raise the price of
gasoline by three to five cents
a gallon and of home-heating
oil by three or four cents.
During the'3 3 / 4 years the tax
would be in effect, it would
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Collegian Staff Writer
At an amusement park, a young
woman waving a cane enters the hall of
mirrors. She disappears into the maze.
Only now is it obvious: The woman is
Kathy Grant, a 1976 political science
graduate, emerges seconds later out of
the exit, long before all the others.
Not all blind people have Kathy's
dating or galloping gait, but many do
move at a quick pace despite their
"Each person has their own
preferences when walking," says
Ninette Mellott (1976 University
graduate in Russian).
"I have a great knack for getting in
and out of cafeterias without spilling my
food, but my fiance's specialty is
galloping along the sidewalk.
Ninette's fiance, Gary Le Gates,
recently completed graduate studies at
the University and hopes to teach high
school Latin. He, too, is blind. Gary,
Kathy and Ninette were all blinded the
same way. .
Premature babies born in the post-
WWII-period were blinded when a high
concentration of oxygen was pumped
into their incubators. The babies eyes,
positioned under the gas opening, were
burned and formed scar tissue over the
eye, blinding them for life.
"Being blind from birth has its ad-
remove more than $33 billion
from consumers' hands. To
prevent damage to the
economy, Carter proposed
and the Ways and Means
Committee agreed - to
return the money to con
Taxpayers would get the
money through slightly
reduced payroll withholding;
others, such as welfare and
Social Security recipients,
would get a special check in
the summer of 1979.
These rebates would go
equally to adults regardless of
their energy habits. The
commuter who has to use 25
gallons of gasoline per week
and heats with natural gas
would get the same rebate as
a person who owns no car and
heats with coal..
The committee approved
these $22 payments only for
1978. However, it is generally
expected that similar
"rebates" will be approved
later for 1979, 1980 and the
first nine months of 1981.
Here are other major
provisions approved by the
committee: - --• 7
A renter, homeowner or
condominium dweller could
cut his federal income taxes
by up to $4OO by installing
insulation, storm doors and
windows and certain other
energy-savidg devices. The
credit would be 20 per cent of
up to the first $2,000 of ex
Effective in 1978, tax
payers who itemize deduc
tions could no longer write off
state and local gasoline taxes.
A tax credit of up to
$2,150 would be allowed for
purchase of solar- and wind
powered equipment for the
The current four-cent
tax on a gallon of gasoline
would be extended through
1985. Without further action,
the tax would drop to 1.5 cents
The two-cent tax on fudl
for motorboats would be
raised to four cents a gallon.
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vantages," Kathy notes; "You don't
know what you're missing. We still feel
like everybody else emotionally, in
tellectually and spiritually."
Professionally, blind people feel the
same way,;; but they don't always get
treated thati way. Gary has been hunting
for a job fog. , months without success.
Some prospective employers greet his
application ; with great enthusiasm until
they discover he is blind, Gary said.
"Then, they fiffd reasons to cancel
interviews," he said.
Less serious but still detrimental are
some of the popular fallacies about the
blind. A man once asked Gary to gauge
his height and appearance by feeling the
top of his head and touching his face.
When Gary declined, he indignantly
said, "But all blind people want to do
"Presupposed ideas about the blind
are a hassle because so many in
dividuals think we're scary or need pity,
instead of looking at us as people, like
themselves, who need to maintain a
certain amount of self respect, Ninette
said. "Most want a chance to hold their
According to Charles Ness, assistant
~dean of University libraries, "There is a
special collection of equipment at the
library to assist blind students or anyone
else who needs the opportunity to help
"We have taped textbooks, prepared
by volunteers from the Faculty Women's
Money for water projects approved
The Senate, fearing a veto,
stuck with a tenuous com
promise yesterday and ap
proved money for half of the
water projects that President
,Carter has targeted for ter
The Senate refused to ap
prove amendments which
would have added funds for
six more projects and also
rejected an amendment that
would have killed funds for all
but one project on the White
Carter 'eager' to talk with Soviet president
WASHINGTON (UPI) Denying that he has
soured U.S.-Soviet relations through his stress on
human rights, , President Carter said yesterday he
would "welcome a chance this year" to talk things
over with Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev.
Carter said he felt no "fear, frustration or con
cern" about relations with the Russians despite
Moscow's hostile reaction to Carter's drumbeat of
attention on human rights and on how, Russia
treats dissenters. -
Nor •has the Russian reaction spilled over into
efforts to build a safer world, Carter said.
Far-reaching and difficult talks on banning
nuclear tests, demilitarizing the Indian Ocean and
cutting production of conventional weapons are
House "hit list."
Final approval will not
come until after the Senate
ends its July 4 recess and
votes on a $10.3 billion ap
propriations measure which
also carries money for the
Army Corps of Engineers, a
number of independent
agencies and • commissions
and two highly-controversial
items the Clinch River
Breeder Reactor and the
The Senate first rejected 73
49 - re
Club and even a talking calculator,"
Ness said. Persons wanting these
materials should call Ness at 865-7246.
Taped transcriptg of Playboy
magazine and •Readers' Digest are
available, he said. The library has op
tical enlargers and large print books for
the partially sighted. For the blind there
are braille typewriters, braille note
takers, and books recorded on 8 r.p.m.
records. Volunteers read textbooks onto
tapes for students who inform them a
term ahead of time, Ness said.
In the future Ness would like to see a
closed circuit TV system for the par
tially blind so they may read better.
How do blind students compete in the
academic world? Ninette uses a braille
typewriter to transcribe her class notes.
"planning ahead is the key to a suc
cessful school career. To get my books
taped I have to think a term in ad
vance," Kathy said.
Another piece of equipment is the
Opticon reading machine, which works
by taking pictures of words, then
shaping them into symbols on the hands
by use of tiny electric shocks.
The Association towards Building a
mcre Livable Ehvironment for the
Disabled (ABLED) has helped remove
architectural barriers to the han
dicapped in State College, Tim Fit
zgerald, ABLED founder, said.
"For a blind person, negotiating a
revolving door is like dancing through an
egg beater," Fitzgerald said.
to 19 amendment by, Sen.
Floyd Haskell, D-Colo., which
would have provided full
funding for five projects on
the White House list of targets
to be ended.
In a separate action, the
Senate approved 69 to 23 an
amendment by , Sen. James
Abourezk, D-S.D. over the
strong objections of his
colleague Sen. George
McGovern, D-S.D. to
remove the money for that
progressing smoothly, he said.
Even if he had anticipated the depth of Moscow's
reaction, Carter said, he would have gone ahead
with the human rights campaign.
At a nationally televised news conference during
which he announced his decision not to fund the Si
bomber, Carter declined to confirm he is arranging
to meet with Brezhnev in Alaska in August. No time
or site for,a,summit has been fixed, he said.. -- ,
But he said he thought it would be useful "to get to
know one another."
This made it seem likely that a meeting will occur
the first since 1974 between the newly elevated
Brezhnev and an American president.
were '44-8. SALV.,I/2off
C 0 ° .t t. 5 - o f poly cotton., linen,
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428-68 SAlg, $19.99-49.99
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W3‘s 5-13 were (418-30. SNLV...4 5999 -3-599
'12.5.. assorted colors in poly cotton, . 61
at linen. 5-13. wetesV7:29. SALE P ,- - r- , ..- 9
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linen in white, black or red. were $27
3.1 e $19.99
4.-1-.5". drawstring, belted, pryats at
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$l4. SALE $9.99
S SKIRTS- of chitto,or duck SALE.
bcack, red, khaki 5-13. were $27 $1399
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ittterockt; were $26-313. SALE $1.9.9-2A.99
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IC.:O W- •
cap sleeve, solids, at stripes, ~c.._
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ah Qtiatititie,i, are livated. Be
SWV. bet;t F,election.
110 E C (MC
3 M Atm
shop Bail} E SO.:til
Tues, NV 01.,
The Daily Collegian Friday, July 1, 1977-
Charles H. Ness, assistant dean of libraries, explains how to
use equipment for the blind. All of the instruments on the
table are available at Pattee.
Then the Senate, by a 52-34
vote, rejected an amendment
by Sen. Thomas Mclntyre, D-
N.H., which would have
deleted funds for all but one of
the projects on the "hit list"
the Auburn Dam in
The House previously had
voted full funding for 17 of the
18 projects but by too narrow
a margin to override a veto.
By defeating the Mclntyre
amendment, the Senate
assured Congressional ap-
In Moscow, Tass said it was "the U.S. side" which
first raised the question of a meeting between
Brezhnev and "James Carter." The discussions are
merely "preliminary," Tass said.
"I don't agree that there are growing difficulties
between ourselves and the Soviet Union," Carter
told a questioner at a news conference.
On other matters, Carter called for an end to U.S.
statements which have stirred both - sides in the
Mideast, angering first one side, then another.
More talk on the specific elements of a possible
peace agreement should await the arrival of Israeli
Prime Minister Menahem Begin in three weeks, he
proval of eight projects on the
"hit list": Applegate Lake in
Oregon, , $7.4 million;
Atchafalaya River-Bayous in
Louisiana, $6.3 million; Cache
Basin in Arkansas, $2 million;
Hillsdale Lake in Kansas, $l4
million; Richard B. Russell
Dam in Georgia and South
Carolina, $2l million;
Tallahala Creek in
Mississippi, $5 million;
Columbia Dam in Tennessee,
$2O million; and Auburn Dam
in California, $39 million.