Newspaper Page Text
Though it looks like a scene from a Russian tundra, the skeleton barn seen through
the window of the deserted house beside it, is actually on the way to Stone Valley.
fi - egnancy
PHILADELPHIA (UPI) Feminist
lawyers and representatives of women's
*cups agreed yesterday to organize a
coalition to help draft legislation
designed to protect pregnant women
from discrimination in employment.
The meeting, co-sponsored by the
Pennsylvania Commission for Women
and the American Civil Liberties Union,
4 , as called in response to a Supreme
Vourt decision last week that said
companies do not have to pay sick
benefits to pregnant workers unless such
benefits are provided for in union con
Susan Ross, co-chairman of the
meeting, said the 43 persons-in at
tendance agreed to form the Coalition to
End Discrimination Against Pregnant
Workers and work to draft legislation to
li Mostly sunny and mild today. High 45.
Increasing cloudiness tonight with a
period of light snow or rain possible
tomorrow. The low tonight will be 34 and
high tomorrow 38.
New copyright law threatens mass photo copying
By l)EI3BIE CAIN and MIKE SEVER
Collegian Staff Writers ,
The new copyright bill recently signed
into law will not mean the removal of
photocopiers . from Pattee Library,
according to Murray Martin, associate
dean of libraries.
Under the law, which does not go into
effect until May 1, 1978, a student,
research scholar, or a professor can
make single copies of book chapters,
periodical or newspaper articles,
diagrams or charts in books, or short
stories for their own use.
A professor, however, cannot make
copies of a work for use in a classroom if
it previously has been copied for another
class. He can not make more than nine
copies of works in a class term, but he
can make copies of material like short
stories, essays, poems and articles by
the same author and of material in
periodicals if he does it no more than
011 e :•
. , .
combat the high court ruling.
"The coalition unanimously , com
mitted itself to securing enactment by
Congrqss of a bill' to protect pregnant
workers from discrimination in em
ployment," Ross said in reading the
"The coalition will ask Congress to
enact legislation making clear to the
courts that to discriminate against
pregnant workers is to discriminate on
the basis of sex in violation of the law,"
the statement said.
Co-chairman Ruth Weyand said the
coalition wanted legislation "to make it
clear that when it prohibited
discrimination because of sex, the intent
was to prohibit discrimination because
Weyand said the coalition plans to
meet today in Washington with
congressmen and senators to discuss
how to proceed in writing the legislation.
Representatives of Sen. Birch Bayh, D-
Ind., and Reps. Elizabeth Holtzman and
Bella Abzug, both D-N.Y., were in at
tendance at yesterday's meeting.
The coalition condemned the Supreme
Court decision as "misinterpreting the
ban on sex discrimination in em
ployment contained in Title VII of the
1964 Civil Rights Act."
Karen DeCrow, president of the
National Organization for Women, had
said the legislation "might be a narrow
amendment to the insurance law of
"If people are paid sick leave when
they're out for nose jobs, hair trans
plants and vasectomies, why not for
childbirth?" she said.
three times in a term
Multiple copies to be used in class may
only be made if they don't number more
than one per student, if they are com
plete poems of less than 250 words and
not more than two pages, or if they are
,excerpts from IQnger complete essays or
articles of less than 2,500 words, and
finally of one chart, diagram, or drawing
in a book.
What effect will this law have on much
larger systems like the University's
"Little," said Murray Martin,
associate dean of libraries, "until
regulations are actually printed." Since
the law has a little more than 17 months
before it actually goies into effect, the
Association of College and Research
Libraries is now formulating procedures
for following the law's provisions.
Dozens of seminars, workshops, and
lectures are planned to discuss it.
Under the law's provisions, the
libraries are permitted, for inter-library
loan purposes, to make up to six copies a
year of periodicals published in the last
Carter adds 2 to Cabinet
ATLANTA (UPI) President-elect Jimmy Carter
added two more men to his Cabinet yesterday but
revealed that the woman widely expected to be named
his commerce secretary turned him down.
For the treasury post, he named Michael Blumenthal;
50, chairman of the Bendix Corp. who was a refugee
from Nazism. Blumenthal, who holds a Ph.D. in
economics, had served in the Kennedy administration
as assistant secretary of state for economic affairs.
As secretary of transportation, he named Rep. Brock
Adams, 49, of Seattle, Wash., who won respect in,
Congress for his work on transportation legislation that
eventually lead to the Conrail system and as chairman
of the House Budget Committee.
Carter told a mid-afternoon news conference both
men have "superb backgrounds."
Blumenthal: new jobs
ATLANTA (UPI) Treasury Secretary-designate
W. Michael Blumenthal said yesterday his goal is to
move the American economy forward with "protection
against inflation" and the creation of jobs.
In a brief statement after Jimmy Carter announced
his appointment, the 50-year-old corporate executive
told a national television audience, "Ours is a great
"We have tremendous resources, both human and
material and I pledge to you, Gov. Carter, I will do my
very best to help execute your programs."
Blumenthal served in the Kennedy administration
and left' federal service during the Johnson ad
ministration. But he has remained active in govern:
ment circles, especially in foreign affairs.
Blumenthal said his goal as treasury secretary will be
to marshal the nation's resources "so that our economy
can move forward with protection against inflation with
the creation of jobs for all and within the context of a
world economic environment that provides peace and
stability, not only for us, but for all of our friends and
Carter said he notified Blumenthal only Monday that
he was being tapped for the treasury job, and
Blumenthal said he has not had time to make
arrangements for handling his personal finances while
he is in government.
But he said, "my financial situation will be an open
book for everyone to see."
DOHA, Qatar (UPI) Saudi Arabian
oil minister Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Yamani
last night appealed for a six-month
freeze in oil prices because the world
economy "would not tolerate" an oil
Yamani's statement surprised , the
meeting .of the Organization of
Petroleum Exporting Countries, which
had been expected to raise the price of
oil by at least 10 per cent.
"Even an increase of 5 per cent in the
price of petroleum would slow the
economic recovery of industrialized
countries," Yamani said.
Yamani called for postponement of
any decision on a price increase until
June next year, after the ministerial
meeting of the North-South conference
in Paris, and the inauguration of
President-elect Jimmy Carter.
The North-South meeting, in which
some' oil producers are represented,
deals with relations between in
dustrialized and developing countries.
Yamani's view conflicted with a
Job placement methods may be
By DOROTHY HINCHCLIFF
Better methods for seniors signing up
for job interviews were proposed at
yesterday's Student Advisory Board
meeting, said Raymond Murphy, vice
president for Student Affairs.
One suggestion Murphy said would be
considered was "making interviews
more continuous than having them all
right at the start of the term."
Rather than have all companies
review job applicants just at the
beginning of a term, firms could be
scheduled to come intermittently
throughout the 10 weeks. Hopefully, this
would alleviate the masses of students
camping out the night before signing up
for job interviews, Murphy said.
An alternative proposal was the idea
of students receiving numbers according
five years, or of excerpts from longer
works. They may also make copies of
unpublished works for preservation and
security purposes, or of published works
to replace damaged copies and to copy
out-of-print works that can not be
secured at a fair price.
As can be seen, in certain cases, the
law is very clear, but in others, as in the
case of its wording, it is not, and may
require Supreme Court interpretations.
One understood way of handling
materials for all libraries is necessary to
There is no immediate danger of the
Arabia rejects o
statement by Qatar's oil minister Sheikh
Abdel Aziz Khalifa Althani earlier
yesterday, who said the West has
ignored "crystal clear" warnings to cut
its inflation rates and that an increase in
petroleum prices is "essential."
And an Algerian news dispatch quoted
Algerian Energy Minister Belaid
Abesselem as saying on his arrival in
"It is time to raise the price of oil in a
manner to safeguard the interests of
OPEC countires, considering at the
same time the economic interests of the
consumer countries." ,
The meeting opens today amid
security so strong that it has turned the
Gulf Hotel, site of the conference, into a
virtual armed camp in an effort to
prevent a repetition of the guerrilla
attack on OPEC's headquarters in
Vienna a year ago.
Saudi Arabia, the world's third largest
oil producer and the most powerful voice
at the confetience, had been expected to
insist on a moderate 10 per cent increase
to when they filed their applications,
Undergraduate Student Government
President W.T. Williams said. "Say you
had number 10. You could go home until
it was time for you to be interviewed,"
According to Murphy, there was not
much support at the meeting for a lot
tery system. "If it's not a good way to
run dorm assignments, it's not a good
way to run job interviews which are even
more important," Murphy said.
Williams said he hoped there would be
a better system by spring. After the next
SAB meeting, Williams said he should
have a better idea of when a new
program would be started.
The possibility of expanding em
ployment opportunities for students
while they are still in school also was
discussed. SAB members plan to meet
library having to close the stacks to
students or having to remove
photocopying machines. Martin said
such action may never become
necessary because publishers are more
concerned with inter-library sharing of
materials than internal use.
"Pattee Library is one of 21 libraries in
the PSU system of libraries," said
Stuart Forth, dean of libraries. "This
system contains about two million books
to serve 65,000 students. This is a small
collection in comparison to Harvard, but
nevertheless, we receive hundreds of
requests for material from all over
Last_ week, Carter named lawyer Cyrus Vance as
secretary of state and banker Thomas Bertram Lance
as director of the Office of Management and Budget.
Carter was expected to name additional cabinet
members at another news conference tomorrow and he
said his entire cabinet would be selected by Christmas
and would hold its first meeting as a group before New
The incoming President disclosed that Jane Cahill
Pfeiffer, a former vice president of International
Business Machines, had asked to be taken out of con
sideratibn for a post in his administration.
She was thought to have been in line to become
secretary of commerce and only the fourth woman
ever to hold a cabinet post.
= Turning to the problems he will face in office, Carter
disclosed Vance has been engaging in quiet diplomacy
in an attempt to head off an increase in international oil
prices. He said he felt some "good" may have been
Members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting
Countries (OPEC) meet this week to decide whether
and by how much to increase oil prices. •
On the domestic economy, Carter avoided a direct
answer when asked if he felt the country was in the
midst of another recession.
"No matter what the difinition is, our economic
problem is very severe," he said.
He promised to reveal his economic program even
before he takes office Jan 20.
In other personnel developments in the forthcoming
Rep. Andrew Young, D-Ga., a black congressman
who Carter has said helped him more than anyone to
become president, was reported likely to accept ap
pointment as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations.
Charles Schultze, budget director in the Johnson
administration and considered a "moderate" and
"pragmatic" economist by colleagues at the Brookings
Institution, was reported by the Washington Post to be
in line as chairman of the Council of Economic
Physicist Harold Brown, 49, president of the
California Institute of Technology, was considered
frontrunner for the post of secretary of defense. But
Carter said he had made no decision on that post yet.
At his nationally televised news conference, Carter
said the economy needs stimulation but he said he
en cents per copy
, ednesday, December 15, 1976
01. 77, No. 86 16 pages University Park, Pennsylvania
'ublished by Students of The Pennsylvania State University
But Yamani said, "I never insisted on
a 10 per cent maximum and never said I
had expected 10 per cent. Our position
was for a reasonable increase if the
others insisted, taking into consideration
there was a strong economic recovery at
"However, in the last month the
recovery was not as strong as we had
hoped. Therefore we have changed our
position, to freeze the price for the next
Yamani was asked if this was his final
word. He replied, "It is our position
today and we will do our best to convince
the other members with our views but
we never in the past took a position we
will not change, even if we think it is a
very strong position."
OPEC decisions must be unanimous.
Yamani's statement appeared to foretell
a hard-fought debate at the conference,
where price increase demands range up
to 25 per cent.
with townspeople in order to increase the
small listing of downtown jobs offered at
the student employment center, Murphy
In other business, a question was
raised about the political subdivision of
East Halls. "Four of the dorms lie within
College Township and the rest are in the
borough," Murphy said.
According to Williams, this means
that residents in these four dorms are
not allowed to vote in State College
Murphy said one member felt the
University could ask College Township
to allow these four dorms to be annexed
to the borough., However, Murphy added
that SAB has not yet formally requested
the University to carry out this measure.
Another issue discussed was the
possibility of funds being cut by the
every year," he said.
Each library operates on an inter-loan
plan, in which students or citizens can go
to any library branch and request in
formation that might be held only at the
main branch. The librarians at these
branches will call Pattee, where the
material, usually a periodical article;
will be obtained and copied, then sent to
the requesting room.
"The new copyright law," said Stuart,
"raises the question of whether Penn
State is considered one library or
separate ones." Depending on how this
is interpreted, will determine how the
library will be forced to comply with
One of the reasons why publishers so
strongly supported the bill, is that many
specialized journals are having a tough
time making ends meet and contend that
they are losing money because all this
copying is being done. They feel if more
copies are wanted, more books should be
"It's a quandry," said Murray.
"Libraries themselves do not have
preferred to put the most resources into the creation of
jobs and less on a reduction in taxes.
Carter's own economic advisors and a • group of
business leaders who met with him last week urged
about $2O billion to $23 billion in economic stimulation,
with most going into tax cuts for individuals and
But Carter fears the effect a permanent tax cut would
have on his pledge to balance the budget within fbur
years. He reiterated that pledge yesterday.
"I intend to keep my commitment," he said.
Carter said Vance had met several times with Henry
Kissinger, the man he will succeed. Directly and in
directly, Carter said, both men have been pressing the
oil-exporting countries to "a general realization" that
another price increase "might be counterproductive."
Adams: reform. coming
ATLANTA (UPI) Rep. Brock Adams, nominated
as transportation secretary yesterday by President
elect Jimmy Carter, said he expects his new depart
ment to be a priine candidate for reorganization and
The veteran congressman told the news conference at
which Carter announced the appointment that he is
eager to begin the "most difficult and challenging job."
Adams is a summa cum laude graduate of the
University of Washington and a law graduate of Har
vard. , ,
The president-elect said Adams will be "playing a
role perhaps greater than in recent years" as head of
the Transportation Department. The agency includes
such offices as the Federal Aviation Administration,
Coast Guard, Federal Railroad Administration and
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
"I think this will be a most difficult and challenging
job," Adams said, "because I do beleive the Depart
ment of Transportation, as had been so well-stated by
the president-elect, is one of the candidates for
reorganization and reform, and it never completed its
original shape that was contemplated in 1966."
Adams will be faced with deciding the American
future of the British-French Concorde supersonic
airliner, which is on a tryout program of landings at
Dulles Airport outside Washington, D.C., to see if it is
quiet enough to be accepted.
I price rise
Qatar Sheikh Thani
federal government for the Veterans
Cost and Instruction Program at the
University in the fall.
Because veteran enrollment at the
University has declined, Vets Club
President Jim Nicklin said, it is almost
definite that funds will be cut. He added
that although veterans still will get
Veteran's Administration benefits, there
will be no money for counseling,
guidance and other aid that has been
available for veterans to help them
adjust to college life.
A proposal has gone to University
President John W. Oswald for tem
porary funding, but Murphy said that
SAB has not received a response yet.
According to Williams, Oswald will be
present at the next SAB meeting Jan. 20.
SAB meetings are closed to the public.
enough money, so if they can do without
they will not go out and purchase these
extra books. Therefore, the publishers
would not be getting that money
Printed matter is not the only thing
affected by the new law. Records,
phototapes, microfilms, and the like also
come under these provisions.
Generally speaking, the laws • will
probably cause little direct personal
change for students. Some changes that
may take place are that masters copies
may be made that each student could
copy if he needed the material. Thus the
one copy requirement for personal use in
research will be fulfilled. Another
possibility is a study use fee being im
posed for the right to copy a work.
As to the internal library effects, more
study must be done in that area. "We
want to know where we stand by June,"
Murray said, "in case there are
budgetary implications." Larger staffs
and more record keeping may become
necessary to keep the library func
tioning in its current state.