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among the foremost in literature, art, science, and
in fact, everything which centuries of civilization
could give them, yet they have not learned that
love for mankind and contentment with self gov
ernment give peace in the highest degree.
They have not learned that the love of country
alone, in the hearts of its citizens, is the greatest
assurance of defense in times of war j although
they have repeatedly seen this demonstrated.
The countries of Europe are so connected by
boundaries and marriage relations, that a quarrel
between any two of them affects, if it does not
involve, all of them. The people are held down
under aristocracies, to whose purposes armies are
best suited, and through which largely, they
maintain their power. Old grudges still existing
between them serve to keep up the fear of inva
sion from without, while bad rule and oppression
keep up the fear of insurrection within.
Standing armies are the instruments with which
monarchs and aristocrats hold sway over ignor
ant and oppressed peoples, and with which they
conquer and hold their smaller states.
The enormous cost of maintaining these many
millions of men in the field drags heavily on the
people. The effect of keeping this large percent
age of the able bodied men in comparative idle
ness, and thus keeping them from the industrial
pursuits, is to create and maintain pauperism over
most all Europe.
Military drill is good for physical develope
ment, but man was not made to spend years of
his time on dress parade, for it will not earn
bread and butter for him in after life.
It is to be doubted whether the men who have
spent years in a standing army are superior to
the citizen soldier who has lived and worked
with love for his country.
Read history. Who freed Switzerland ?
A timid population that knew not what war was
until compelled to fight for their liberties. Who
defeated the regiments famous for being victorious
over Napoleon at Waterloo, but the American
farmer and laborer recruited a few months pre-
¥he free LaM(SI.
vious to the battle of New Orleans ?
Where can you find in the world’s history men
who fought with the skill, courage and coolness,
that the citizen soldier of our own country did at
Gettysburg, Spottsylvania, or the Wilderness?
France, smarting from her experience of 1870,
has maintained since then a large standing army,
much to the burden of her people: The exper
ience of the last half century has shown that the
armies of Europe have been more useful in op
pressing than in defending the true interests of
man. They are great evils, and can promote no
good to humanity j and may the time speedily
appear when shall come to pass the ancient pro
phecy of the Bible, "And they shall beat their
swords into plowshares, and their spears into
pruning hooks ; nation shall not lift up sword
against nation, neither shall they learn war any
Vanish I ye clouds of night!
Release the winged light
Tlint soon must soar
To the Western shore
To porch for rest In Its onward Right.
Roll baek thy curtained gates,
Impatient morning walls.
Arise ye mountain walls 1
Give echo to my calls,
Resume your sheen,
Of forest green
And breath your fragranco through tny halls.
Yield flowers to greet my eyes;
’TIs Morning bids you rise.
Bestir yourselves, ye winds I
Your hymn of praise reminds
My happy heart
Of Cupid's art,
While gratitude expression finds,
Thy sweetest volees ralso
In Morning’s mend of praise.
Come forth thou foe of night
And clothe me with thy light,
Bring jewels, too,
Of every hue
To grace my beauty rolled In white
Put diamonds In my hair,
And flowers everywhere.