The Alleghanian. (Ebensburg, Pa.) 1859-1865, September 22, 1859, Image 1

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YOL. 1.
TYJILL be published every Thursday, at
the following rates, viz :
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If not paid until the expiration of year, 2.00
A failure to notify a discontinuance at the
expiration of the term subscribed for will be
CkiuiiJcreJ a new engagement.
1 insertion. 2 do.
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3 squares, (24 lines.) 1.00 1.50
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3 do.
Over three weeks and less than three months,
2 a ceuts per square iur cacu insertion
o montns. u uo.
12 do.
8 lines or less.
!?1.50 $3.00
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3 squares, (24 lines,)
3 squares, (AO lines,)
H!f a column,
Cue column.
Administrators and Executor's Notices, 1
Professional or Business Cards, not ex
ceeding 8 lines, with paper, per year, 5.00
J&ST" Advertisements not marked with the
saniljer of insertions desired, will be contin
ued till forbidden, and charged according to
the above terms.
Presbyterian Ret. D. Harbison, Pastor.
rre.-hing every Sabbath morning at 10
ii'cliK.k, anil in the evening at C o'clock. Sab
K;h School at 9 o'clock, A. M. Prayer meet
1l? evi-ry Thursday evening at 7 o'clock.
Hikodiai Episcopal Church Uuv. J. Suaxe,
IV:vher in charge. Rev. Smith, As-
lifUnt. Preaching every Sabbath, alternately
M Ij o'clock iu the morning, or 7$ iu the
fvc:;;;. Sabbath School at 9 o'clock, A. M.
Fr.tjer meeting every Thursday evening at 7
V.Uk InJ'prnd,-nt Rev. Ll. R. Powbll,
Pv.ur. Preaching every Sabbath nioruingat
10 o'clock, and in the eveniug at 6 o'clock.
Sabbath School at 1 o'clock, P. M. Prayer
D'ftiag on the first Monday eveniug of each
noath ; and on every Tuesday, Thursday
an 1 Friday evening, excepting the first week
in each mouth.
Ciihinittic Rkv. Jons Williams,
rntor. Preaching every Sabbath evening at
S nd C o'clock. Sabbath School t 10 o'clock,
A. M. Prayer meeting every Friday evening
Rt 7 o'c'.oi k. Society every Tuesday evening
fft 7 o'rlijck.
Dwlpl. Rev. Wm. Lloyd, Fastor Preach
is? v-ry Sabbath morning at 10 o'clock.
Particular Jtaptists Kev. David Jenkins,
rwtor. Preaching every Sabbath evening at
3 o'cl.H-k. Sabbath School at 1 o'clock, P. M.
Catholic liar. M. J. MircuKLL, Pastor.
fcrn'if es every Sabbath morning at 10J o'clock
aiiJ Ye-p.'rs at 4 o'clock iu the eveniug.
E-rt.-ra, daily, at 11 J o'clock, A. TVf.
tte-trra, at 11 " I'. 31.
Eisv.-rn, daily, at 5 o'clock, P. M.
'AVtern. " t CJ " A. .V.
l!55 The Mails fromBntler,Iudiaaa,.Strongs-io-TQ,
4c, arrive on Tuesday and Friday of
ch week, at 5 o'clock, P. M.
Leave Eheiiiburg on Mondays nnd Thura
nt 7 o'clock, A. M.
f5Tb; Mails from Newman's ilills, Car
ro.:;ow:i, ic, arrive on Monday and Friday of
etb week, at 3 o'clock, P. M.
Leave Kbeusbiirg on Tuesdays and Satur
day, at 7 o'clock, A. M.
fejr Po?t Oilice open on Sundays from 9
lJ o'clock, A. M.
wir.miR sTtTmv
West Express Train, leaves at
" Tmin, "
Eat Kx press Train, "
" Mail Train, "
Fiwt Line,
0.16 A.
7.43 P.
12.2; P.
G. 'H A.
B.02 P.
coixTi orncens.
Jit lies of thr Courts. I' Vnr Clan
Taylor, Huntingdon ; Associates, '(Jeorgo AV.
A-ai -v if inrii .1 1 ni'q .1 r
J'rothonotary. Joseph M'Donald.
Lfjittir and Recorder. Michael llasson.
hrirj. Robert P. Linton.
J-vut,, Sheriff. George C K. Zahm.
J'n'rirt Attorney. Theophilus L. Ileyer.
Cum'; Commissioners. Thomas M'L'ur.nell,
0L11 i;..;vror, Alel Lloyd.
CUrk to Commissioners. George C. K. Zahm.
Counsel to Commissioner. John S. lihey.
Trraturcr. George J. Rodgers.
J'ct.r House Directors. William Palmer,
Iavi l O'Harro. Michael M'Guirc.
l'u"r Il'just Treasurer. George C. K. Zabm.
J'jor House Steward. James J. Kay lor.
Mercantile Appraiser. Francis Tierney.
AnJitrs. ltees J. Lloyd, Daniel Cobaugh,
U-nry Hawk.
County Surveyor. ITenry Scanlan.
Coroner. Peter Dougherty.
Superintendent of Common Schooh. S. B.
1 Uormick.
CBn.8ni7RG nun. officers.
Jn-tir,, f,f t,,. W;. David II. Roberts,
iI:irrHoa Kinkead.
V4 Council. Andrew Lewis, Joshua D.
' urnsh, David Lewis, Kichard Jones, Jr., M.
Cj-rk to Council James C. Noon.
J''rouyh Treasurer. George Gurley.
"'i'li Mnmt.r. rt 1. ti 1
Mtool hiretlort. M. C. M Cagne,
wker, Thomas M. Jones, Reese S.
'iward Glass. William n.ivi
A. A.
Treasurer uf School Hoard. Evan Morgan.
'"istahle George Gurlev.
Collector .George Gurley.
Att'uor. lii.hard T. Davis.
of Election. David J. Jones.
''rj.Uavid H. Robots, Daniel O.
The Doctor.
"Three faces wears the Doctor when first
An angel's and a God', the cure half
wrought ;
But wheu, the euro complete, he asks his
The Devil, then, looks less horrible than he."
' Come ! Johu, go bring the Doctor, Tny wife
is taken sick,
Go 1 bring him in a hurry, be quick, be Yery
quick 1
'Tis raining, hailing, sleeting, as fast aa e'er
it can,
But he will come despite the etorm oh, yes
he will, good man !"
face 1st.
"Ah ! here he is, the dear, kind eonl how
quick he heeds the call,
Regardless of the drenching blast, or what
might him befull,
Like a being from realms celestialj a shin
ing, bright evangel,
He cornea with gladness In his looks, the
loving, smiling angel.
face 2nd.
And my wife's already easy ah I deepest,
matchless 6kill I
Dear Doctor, love's pure 'motions for you
my bosoiu thrill.
The Doctor is not human, though earth is bv
him trod ;
lie's something supernatural I believe he
Is a qod.
But what is this presented ? the eaucy, dir
ty whelp,
He cares not for his patieuU, but only for
If he can only cobble up aloug o'erreaching
lie cares not, If hie nasty drugs effect a cure,
vi kill.
Dear oh! but he'sa wicked dog I swear by
things eternal,
He's 'scaped from out that dark abode where
dwell the fiends infernal I
He's a ranting, rank impostor he's filled
with every evil
Oh 1 how I'd love to cane him now, the
skulking, shameless dbtil
'Tie thu3 the Doctor's visage, chameleon
like, assumes
Three aspects in hi3 patient's eyes, as before
them up he looms.
His first and second faces are all that's pure
and good,
His third a friyhtful monster, adorned with
Satan's hood.
Maltreated mortal t luCkles3 wight ; Bclf-
sacrificing man,
Tie toils 'midst pain and suffering, docs all
the good he can.
Through day and night, and wet and cold,
his labors never cease,
The pest-house, with its poisonous breath,
is his perpetual lease.
And onward, still, he struggles 5 his mind is
not at ease,
But ever, where 'tis found or met,he'a grap
pling with disease,
And if for sympathy he looks does he get
it ? no I instead
Are heaped up foulest curses maledictions
on his head.
And why'3 it thus? the secret's plain, 'tis
not because they're due;
'Tis not because the Doctor to his patient's
not been true,
But the reason is, that nftcr he's done with
bole and pill,
He hands the mean, ungrateful scamps a
wholesome Utile bill.
A Cure for JJuts. "What Jul you
jrivc that blool mare of yours the other
day, when she had the hots?" asked a
Wall 6trcct broker of a friend from Long
"A pint of spirits of turpentine."
Two days after, the same parties met in
the street.
"Kay ! lookey here ; I gave my mare a
pint of turpentine, and ly Jing, it killed
"So it did mine !" was the reply,
er was, is an old and excclleut Arab say-
A Spanish proverb says : Never
argue with a woman or buy drugs from a
fffSU A friend that you have to buy
won't be worth what you pay for him
iu matter how little that may be.
Written for The Alleghanian.
Extracts from foncillings at Sea.
There is probably no city on the conti
nent of Europe that presents such a pecu
liar and varied aspect to the foreigner as
the city of Gibraltar. Its inhabitants
seem to be composed of nearly every kin
dred and people, so that it is almost im
possible to say which race predominates,
or to which belongs the original proprie
torship of the soil. " The English, Amer
ican and Spanish appeared to be carrying
on the principal mercantile operations of
the city, whil the French and Italian
generally confined theselvcs to the retail
trade. Beside these, there was a conglom
erate mass of mankind from every nation
under Heaven continually crowding the
streets, apparently without business of
any kind.
Porters and runners, as is usual in all
cities, .were here in large numbers, and
showed qualifications fur their office un
equalled by those of any city of America.
I had one advantage over these pests to
strangers, in that 1 could not understand
the language of any of them ; so that
whether accosted by French, Spaniard or
Turk, I was alike ignorant of tlic-ir wants,
and thus escaped an annoyance always
dreaded by a newly arrived foreigner ut a
strange port.
Having made my way through the
crowd that thronged the lauding, I en
deavored to pick my steps as carefully as
possible along the best and cleanest-looking
streets, anxiously examining the dif
ferent shops and houses of entertainment
for some place whererefreshments could
be obtained, without encountering a host
of greasy natives. Indeed, it seemed as
if they had devoted this particular day to
endeavoring to fill all the thorough fifrcs,
and throng every place where anything
either to cat or to drink was kept. After
wandering through some half dozen streets
or alleys, and making as many turns as
mirht have taken one from Dock Square
to Washington street, in Boston, I fortu
nately came upon a market place, and
there encountered three American sea
men one from our own, and two from
another ship, now in port. Their object
being the same as mine, and being better
acquainted with the city, we soon found
ourselves comfortably seated in what they
were pleased to call a Couee-1 louse. On
the table before tis, was placed a pewter
mug, containing a liquid which went by
the name of Santa Cruz. Driukin" this
gave us an appetite for something more
substantial, so we immediately adjourned
to an Eating House, kept by a nondescript
foreigner, who persisted in saying he was
an Englishman. If so, he must have
forgotten the language, as it was with no
little difficulty, even with the aid of our
whole Spanish and French vocabulary,
we made ourselves understood. Having
finally succeeded (as we thought) in do
ing so, we were soon furnished with an
abundant dinner not exactly what we
called for but of dishes prepared some
what in character with the landlord of
unknown nationality. Notwithstanding
the objectionable flavor of onions and gar
lic, we did it ample justice, as it was still
preferable to the salt junk and sea bread
on which we had fared the past three
months. Our host, on learning that we
were Americans, endeavored to secure a
continuance of our custom by declarations
of high esteem for America and American
institutions; and to our great amusement,
attempted to describe a voyage he had
made to New York. Like the "certain
man who went down from Jerusalem to
Jericho," our good friend had fallen, if
not among thieves, among a set of sharp
ers, who had sadly victimiy.ed him in some
of the games not exclusively confined to
that city. But, forgetting his former pro
testations of admiration for America, and
his love of freedom, he ended by. such
epithets as wc would fain construe into any
other meaning, than that all Yankees are
a d d set of scoundrels, rascals, tc.
Just then wc ended our dinner, and not
considering the would-be Englishman's
expressions worth noticing further than
by a grin of silent contempt at his ver
dancy, we settled our bill and retired,
scarcely noticing his numerous bows and
other signs of gratitude all of which sig
nificantly requested us to "call again."
Our leave of absence being limited to
the next morning, we determined to make
the most of the afternoon, which was done
in promenading through the principal
parts of the city ; and we need scarcely
add that this was an enjoyment that can
only be fully appreciated by one when
first put on shore after a long and tedious
sea voyage.
Evening coming on", wc concluded to go
to the theatre of Cnsa St. Carlos, which
was located in the Plaza de Yittoria, and
was said to be the best in the city. With
the aid of a guide, we arrived in safety,
and each one of us presenting an English
shilling to a tall specimen of the genus
Spaniard, in the dress of a gendarme, were
admitted into the vestibule of a building
so vast in extent that it required two con
ductors and two more British shillings
apiece before we got into an eligible posi
tion to see the play. The stage was con
cealed from view by a blue curtain, on
which was represented, in an azure field,
the historical scene of St. Michael and the
Dragon. The other parts of the building
and decocrations were equal iu grandeur
to that of any theatre I ever entered.
Five tiers of boxes, with fronts beautifully
embellished with designs in silver and
gold, rose to the magnificent height of
fifty feet, and ended ia a dome with moon
and stars so naturally painted that you
could scarcely satisfy yourself by a look
that it was not real.
The pit alone was capable of containing
a respectable audience for Castle CJardcu
or Broadway. The boxes were also well
filled with what appeared to be the elite of
Gibraltar. Ostrich feathers waved grace
fully throughout the different tiers and
although I could distinguish no bonnet on
any lady's head, the glare of light from
three thousand burning lamps, reflected
from an array of sparkling jewels, made it
seem as though each head was crowned
with a tiara.
Of the play I cannot speak so much, as
it was Italian, and my not being acquain
ted with the language made it little better
to me thau a pantomime. Consequently
I soon tired, and left the boxes to make a
more particular survey of the anterior
part of the house The main room was
surrounded with very extensive lobbies
and long galleries, well tiiled with fruit
stands, and visitors who like myself, found
the inside performance scarcely as inter
esting as the outside. Here sailors, na
tives and b 'ggars were congregated, and
carried on a trade in almost every descrip
tion of articles found in their markets.
Soon alter ray entrance, the trade was
partially interrupted by a difficulty that
arose between a party of seamen, and some
natives who kept a stall in which were re
tailed ardent spirits. The disputants were
not long in coining to blows, and as both
were joined by their friends, it soon be
came general. Stands were upset, tables
broken, benches overthrown, and a scene
of confusion ensued having every appear
ance of ending in bloodshed. This was
fortunately prevented by a strong force of
armed police, who arrived in time to quell
the disturbance; and with characteristic
discrimination arrested every one who
wore a short jacket wide trowse.-s or
tarpaulin hat. Fearing lest they should
suspect me of having one of the aforesaid
articles about me, 1 sought an early re
treat, believing that in this ease, at least,
"Discretion was the better part of valor."
My good luck saved me from spending my
first night in Europe in the Calaboose.
Thankful for my escape, and not wishing
to see any more of the theatre that night,
I endeavored to find my way to the ship.
Having already mentioned the difficulty I
found in threading my way through the
narrow and crooked streets by daylight, I
need barely mention that it was now much
increased by the darkness, the few scat
tered lamps seeming only to add to my
troubles. However, after passing through
home half dozen streets, and turning as
many corners, 1 suddenly encountered two
of our men coming down a dark, narrow
alley, under full sail. I was no little sur
prised to find them there, as but a few
minutes before I had seen them arrested
at the theatre. On asking how they had
made their escape, one of them, called
Charley, answered in true sailors style, that
"the craft that had him in tow had fallen
a little to leeward of the convoy, when he
rehoisted his colors, shivered the watch
man's topmast head, gave him a broadside
in his bread locker, and bore off with all
sail out for a safe port." The other made
his escape, as he said, by an "artful
dodge." Joining company, we all made
good our retreat to the pier-head, where
we bribed a watchman with a dollar to let
a bozrtman take us to" our ship ; and thus
ended my first day on shore.
All of our crew were not so fortunate,
for the next morning I had to go ashore
with a boat, to bring off three of our men
who had taken up quarters in the Cala
boose. They had just been liberated on
the payment of three dollars each. For
several ensuing days, all hands were con
fined on board, breaking out the cargo,
and refitting the ship.
Passing frequently to and from the
wharf, i soon become better acquainted
with the natives, and imagined that if I
was again so fortunate as to visit the city
I could succeed better iu making my way
through it. Iu the meantime it began to
be whispered about that some of us might
have a longer stay in Gibraltar then we
had calculated upon ; and that our voyage
was not to terminate here, not yet at Smyr
na where we at first supposed ourselves
It is unnecessary for me in this place to
recount all the circumstances that occur
red since our arrival, to change our desti
nation to another part of the world. Suf
fice it, that our ship on her departure from
the United States, was freighted with an
assorted cargo for any Mediterranean port,
with orders to continue the voyage, to the
best advantage of the owners. Our Cap
tain being oue, and agents or other part
owners in ships belonging to the company
residing in Gibraltar, the greater portion
of the crew had been shipped for what is
generally called a Mediterranean voyage,
which never lasts longer that from six to
nine months. Others were regular ship
fixtures, but uo one could be held for a
longer voyage than to Smyrna and return.
Hence, when it became known that in
place of visiting the beautiful Isles of the
Mediterranean, we were destined to en
counter the yellow fever of the East In
dies there M as a very general expression of
In this case however, there was no
compulsion, and a majority of the crew
prepared to leave as soon as the vessel
cleared for another port. But as the kind
of sailors required for a long voyage appear
ed to be scarce in the shipping oilices, eve
ry inducement was held out to the present
crew to remaiu; which, with a few excep
tions they finally did.
This was in great part accomplished by
the agents and owners promising increase
of pay, extra rations on Sunday, liberty
on shore until the sailing of the ship, ie.,
all of which was confirmed on their part
when the thips papers were re-signed.
This was done on the fifth of Sept. 1S44,
in office of Horatio Sprague Yice Consul
of the United States, for the port of Gib
raltar. It was sometime before I could conclude
to venture so far in this my first voyage.
But on maturely considering the matter
pro and con, and consulting with the only
friend I had made in the place Hon.
Horatio Sprague, (may his shadow never
grow less) I finally concluded to follow
the fate of my ship to the bitter end.
Consequently, aloug with the others I put
my signature to a paper, legally binding
myself for and in consideration of the sum
of twenty dollars per month, forty of which
to be paid iu advance, to continue in the
capacity of a common sailor on board the
ship "Mary of Salem," owned by Grin
ncll, Robinson k Co., from the port of
Gibraltar to the port of Canton and return,
all accidents by fire, shipwreck, or other
visitations of Divine Providence permit
ting, signed by Bronson & Drew, agents for
the company.
Those of us who signed the above doc
ument did not forget any of the privileges
granted therein, and as the work of com
pleting the ship's outfit belonged to the
stevedores, we who had reshipped had the
full control of our time, and determined to
improve it. until the ship was ready to
sail. Knowing that we had at least six
days to devote to our amusement, and two
months advance pay to spend in that time,
we concluded to go on shore. Acting on
this I soon found myself, with three fa
vorite shipmates, comfortably installed
in a boarding house in the Plasa St. Ste
bestian, kept by an Englishman, and
charging but four shillings per day.
How far we succeeded in enjoying our
visit in the city of Gibraltar, and other
occurrences that happened before wc set
sail, I must defer to another time.
fy1 A boulder weighing about two
pounds was found under the phirt bosom
of a colored individual arrested in a row.
On being questioned as to how it came in
his possession, he exclaimed with a look
of astonishment : " Dat's just what I'd
like to know how that infernal dornick
got intei my buzum. I 'spect some dem
niggers must have frowe-d it dar".
Qf"Barnum is said actually to have
offered Mr. Spurgcon, the celebrated Bab
tist preacher, '2,000 a year to come to
America and make a lecturing tour. Mr.
Spurgcon replied by writing simply "Acts
xiii, 10," and sending it to Barn nm. The
verse reads thus: " O, full of subtlety and
all mischief, thou child of the devil, wilt
thou not cease to pervert the right ways of
tne Lord?"
Idle Curiosity. Freret, a French
man, was carried away from his home by
the police of Paris; at two in the morning,
and imprisoned at the Bastile. After a
confinement of several weeks, he inquired
of an officer, "will you have the goodness
to tell me for what crime I am shut up in
this place?" The officer cooly replied, "I
think you have a great deal of curiosity."
JKS" This line fits exactly.
NO. 5.
Column oM tit crest Ins Varieties.
The books in the library belouging to
the British Museum occupy twelve miles
of shelf. The painting and sculpture
galleries of the palace of Versailles extend
over six miles. Iu the course of three
and a half years 270,000 trees were felled
in order to get at the gutta-percha.
The eyes of needles are punctured by a
machine which, superintended by one boy,
can punch 20,000 .in a day. A ray of
artificial light travels at the rate of
70,000 leagues in a second of time.
Astronomers have given the rate of solar
light at 192,500 miles a second. In
the formation of a single locomotive there
are over 5,000 pieces to be put together,
and these require to be as accurately ad
justed as the works of a watch. Every
watch consists of at least 202 pieces, em
ploying probably over 200 persons, and
distributed among 40 trades, to say noth
ing of the tool-makers for all these.
Gas-lighting was unknown in 100 ; it
was not uutil two years after this that
Murdoch made his first public exhibition
of it in London. Since that time his dis
covery has encircled the globe. In Eu
rope and this country all the principal
cities any many large' towns are lighted
with it; and even New Zealand villages,
where no white man had built his resi
dence in 1800, are now illuminated by
the same subtile and beautiful agent of
human comfort and happiness. Every
pound of cochineal contains 70,000 insects
boiled to death; 7b'0,000 pounds are an
nually used for scarkt and crimson dyes.
The odorous matter of flowers is in
flammable, and arises from an essential
oil. When growing iu the dark their
odor is diminished, but restored in the
light, and it is strongest in sunny cli
mates. The plant known as the jraxmclla.
takes fire in hot evenings by bringing a
flame near its roots. At present there
is no really successful ventilating and dust
excluding apparatus combined for railroad
cars. Much ingenuity has been displayed,
and many patents have been issued for
devices for these purposes, but as yet the
system needs to be perfected. The na
tional road over the Cumberland moun
tains is more extensive and durable than
the celebrated Appiau Way, at Rome.
To find the contents of a cask in im
perial gallons, guage the bung diameter
and multiply its square by 2. To the
product add the square of the head diam
eter, and multiply these by the inside
length. Then divide the last product by
1,00 for imperial gallons. The Julian
acqueduct of Rome is two miles longer
than the Croton acqueduct of New York,
but the Croton carries more water than
all the seven acqueducts of Rome put to
gether, and more than any other acque
duct in the world, and is longer than any
other, excepting the Julian. The Illi
nois Central Railroad is the longest ever
constructed by one Company, and in point
of workmanship is equal to any European
road. The stone arch over Cabin John's
Creek, on the Washington acqueduct, is
about fifty feet greater than any other
stone arch in the world, and is more beau
tiful iu proportion than the arch over
Ocha, in Italy, so long celebrated for its
magnificence. The tunnel on the sum
mit of the Pennsylvania Railroad was a
more difficult work than the tunnel under
the Thames. The structures on the
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, at Harper's
Ferry, and the Staracca viaduct on the
New York and Eria Railroad, ttre equal
in magnificence to anything Brunei ever
did in England, or Moran in France.
The suspension bridge over the Niagara
River, at Lewistown, is 1,042 feet 10 in
ches in one span, and 4G feet greater than
any other single span in the world, being
nearly twice as great as the celebrated
bridge over the Menai Straits in England.
The United States Dry Dock,
BrookKn, is the largest dry dock in the
world, by many feet. The plates of iron
used in the gates of this dock are the lar.
gest that had been mado up to the time
they were rolled. The estimate origi
nally make by the Belgian engineers for
the wear of rails upon their lines, was 120
years. At present ten years is not under
the average life of rails, whilst many are
actually so much worn in twelve months
as to be no longer fit for use. Boiler
explosions arc always reported, but simple
ruptures, which often occur from over
pressure, and with no further consequen
ces than the loss of steam and local injury
to the boiler, arc Feldom publicly report
ed, and there are many who arc not aware
tha, puch casualties ever happen. The
bark of trees is generally thichest on their
Northern sides. Georgia is the light- :
est taxed Stato in the Union. Its State
tax is only two-thirds of a mill to the
dollar. A man owning $10,000 worth of
property is only taxed $6.62. The old
est church in America is in the town of
Hingham, Mass. It was built in 16S1.
f i