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' r 4RE ' •s• s - REPOSITORY IS published
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ADVESTLSEMEMB are inserted at arrnnv CST 3
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or vidual interest, and notices of Marriages add Deaths
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' AU Legal Notices of every kind, and all Orphans'
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advertised in - the REPOsrlt rav-11 haring the LAMENT CHI-
C ULATION of any paperpubl Wad in the county of Fra nkl in.
JOB PRINTING of every kind in Plain and Fancy col
ors, done with neatness and dispatch. Hand-bills, Blanks,
Cards, Pamphlets, d:.c., °revery vuioty and style, printed
at:, the shortest notice. The REPOSITORY OFFICE has just
been re-littecl with Steam Power and three Presses, and
every• thing In the Printing lino can be execated in the
moat artistic manner and at the lowest rates. TERMS IN
liar Mr. Tolir, K. Shryock is onr authorized Agent to
reeelve Subscriptions and Adverti.sements, and Coo& pt for
,the same. All letters should be addres.stsi to
Id'CLIrRE & STONER, Publishers.
CARPENTERS AND II I' IL DE RS!
ATTE .V ,T ONI
The undersigned have now oa hand, at that
PLANING AND FLOORING MILL,
a large supply of Sash, Shatters, Wong aid Blina, for .4alo,
or made to order.
Manldlags,of all defterirtioto, from half inch to P iuchem,
on hand., „
Plain and Ortomental Scroll Sawing neatly axecuted.
Also—Wood Turning in all its branches. \e}.-el Posts,
Banisters, Bed Posts. Se„ on band.
A huge supply of Dressed Flooriag for sste.
Also—Window and DoorFromer ea band or • mada nt
abort mike. HAZELET, VERNON -
Harrison Arenue. ClumNrsburg. i's.
N OTICE TO FARMERS
100:TONS OF TIMOTHY HAY
Wanted by GEO. A. DEM
2 WALNUT LOGS
Wanted by GEO. A. DErri.
WO ASH LOGS
Wanted by GEO. A. GE=
100 LARGE CHERRY LOGS
Wanted by GEO. A:Diaz.
WHEAT, EVE, CORE, OATS,
Haden kinds of Produce bought by GEO. A. DEM, at
his Warettianie above the Riiifrond Depot.
STOVE AND LIME COAL
. for sale ebeap, by dhe toa or half ton.
OAK AND HICKORY WOOD
by the earl or ball cont.
OAS. AND HICKORY WOOD,
sawed and split for stove mer by the cord or half coni.
WINDOW AID DOOR SILLS,
of Oak, Walnut and Pine, always on hand.
WINDOW AND DOOR-FRAME STUFF,
and all kinds of LUEBER, such an Oak and Pine Plank ;
Oak, Walnut, Pine and Hemlock Boards ; Flooring Boards,
Jcdets, Scantling,Stlingles, Paling, Laths, &e.
BEST OF ROOFEiGiBLATE
always on hand, and roofs put on by the best Slaters. who
have drawn medals for their superior workmanship.
CALL AT DEITZ'S WAREHOUSE
above the Railroad Depot, and buy cheap.
LEONARD EBERT & SON,
COAL AND LUMBER MERCHANTS.
We have on hand all kinds of Coal and Lumber, and
are prepared to famish Bill Lumber to order at short no
tice, all at the most reasonable terms. Onr stock of Lum
ber consist' s of
White Pine 2 inch Plank,
" " " select Plank.
" " 11 " Plank.
" " I select and Calling - Boards,
f " Boards,
" " f " Siding (6 inch,)
" Best River Shingles, _
" " Worked Floring, •
" " " Siding,
" Joist and Scanting, all sizes,
Hemlock Joist and Scantling,
- Boards )
Veil:4El4mi Boards,_joist and Scanting.
and Plasteng Lana
We have also always on hand a good supply of all
kinds of Curt for !awes and lime-burning. Also a supe•
dor article of Broadtop Coal for blacksmiths. The pub-
Hare invited to give us a call, as we will endeavor to
give satisfaction to all that call.
, Coal and Lumber furnished on the cars to= any station
on the Franklin Railroad.
larOffice on Second St, in the rear of the Jail Yard,
Chambersbmg, Pa. LEO. EBERT S. SON.
STEAM SAW MILL.—The undersign
ed have erected anti in operation a Steam Saw Mill
at the South Mountain, near Gmffenburg Springs, and are
premi to saw to tinier Bills. of, WHITE OAK,
CB. or any kind of timber desired, at the short.
ek, notice and at low rates. One of the firm will he at the
Hotel of Smog Greenawalt, lb Chambershurg, on Satur
day the 24th inst. and on each alternate Saturday thereaf
ter for the purpose of contracting for the delivery df lum
ber. LUMBER DELIVERED at any point at the Low.
EST Italia. All letters should be addressed to them at
Graffeaburg P. 0, Adams Co„ Pa.
decl4-IY . MILTENBERGER & BRADY.
- Small lots of - Lumber, Shingles. &c., from our
minima be procured at any time at
W. P. EYSTER & BRO'S,
Market Street, Chambersburtr.
SMALL, BENDER & CO.,
York and Goldsbarough, Pa.,
SASH, DOORS, SHUTTERS, BLINDS,
DOOR AND WINDOW FRAMES, 4c., .
- Keep eonstattly on hand a" well selected stock of seas
onableLaraber, viz :—Joist and Scantling, Weatherboatd,
tug, &rinsed Flaming, Biding, Laths, Shingles, Palings and
r ir White Pine and Oak Bills, sawed to order at the
sheeted notice. • All communications sheuld be addressed
to TORE, PA. raepCB.l3-
RIILL D IN G LUMBER.—The under
signed is prepared to taw all kinds of Building Lem.
Ler at the lowest market price. E. A. RENFREW,
GBEE..iIWOOI3 ?dims, Fayetteville P. O. decl
L:MA B E R.- -All kinds of Lumber for
sale at reascruable rates at A. 8. moms's Mill, near
Quincy, Pa julyl9•tf
WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY, &c.
Having just opened a well selected assortment of goods
in my lint, directly
Opposite the Post Office, on Second Street,
where my old and I hope many new customers will find
me daring brudness hours. My old stock having beetTh re
duced very suddenly on the 30th of July last, I wasZom
pelted to buy an
Entire New Stock - of Goods,
which are of the latest styles and patterns, consisting of
Gold and Silver (Imported andnt's American)
Ge and Ladies' Watches,
Jewelry of fine and medium qualities,
Fruit and Butter Knives,
Gold Perm of fine quality,
Razors, Strops and Brushes,
Silver Plated Spoons, Forks and Butter Knives,
. Pocket Books,
Nail and Tooth Brushes,
Redding and Pocket Combs,
Large and Saudi Willow Baskets,
The armament of CLOCKS Is large and of every va•
• I have on band the HEN - R "I REPEATING RIFLE,
which can be fired fifteen times in that many seconds.
Everybody should have one for self defence.
The pablio are Invited to call and examine them.
FIBTOLS on hand and orders filled for any kind that
may be wanted. Cartridges of all sizes kept on hand.
Froze long experience I can adapt Spectacles to the sight
of the old as well as middle aged. SPECTACLES AND
EYE GLASSES in Gold, Silver and Steel Frames al.
wajnol , tand. f
the agency or the sale of the celebrated BUR.
43/713ND I'ME-PROOk SAFE, manufactured by
Farrell, Flatting . _ & Co., I fill orders at the manatee.
tnretrprice.- All information in regard to them given.
The'pnbllo are invited to call and examine the stock.
Wean., Clocks and Jewelry !opened at law rates to
suit the times.
VLI HOLDEN. INVITES THE AT
_ILO tertian cd every reader of this paper, which Includes
many thousand of his old patrons and acrinaintances, to
Ids uraileallElYge ane heal:alba] variety of AMERICAN
&Isaported WATCHES, CLOCES, and elegant designs
atIEWNARt Y, SILVER WALE, &e.
1!0.02&:17 703 Market Street, Philadelphia.
- • -' INSTITTITE,
FOR YOUNG GENTLEMEN ,
REV: 0. VIE & SON. •
cbaxgriv .1.12.50 per. swaths afgdon, in advance.
rind for o #113+26-13e.
\ . t •_ s
BY ECLITRE & STOM.
COUNTY TREASURER.—MAJ. Joan
HASSLER, offers himself as a candidate for the office
of County Treasurer, subJent to the decision of the Union
St. THOMAS. Starch 22 1861
(I . OUNT.Y TREASURER.—At the solie-
NJ itationoranumber of my friends, I asmounce my
self a candidate for the Ofticeof County Treasurer, sub
ject to the decision of the Union Nominating County
Convention [Quixcr, March 'AI WM. FLAGLE.
A M. CRISWELL will be a candidate
fur the office of County Treasurer, subject to the
decision of the Union Nominating County Convention.,
GREEN TOWNSHIP. May
MREASURER.—SainneI F. Greenawalt
A. offers himself as n Candidate for the office of County
Treasurer, subject to the decision of the Union Nomina•
ting Convention. Clumnmsntina, March 15.
W.M. H. BROTHERTON WILL BE A
1 candidate or COUNTY TREASURER, subject
to the deebtion of the Union Nominating Convention.
WaYNrsinnto, June 7,
HERIFFALTY.—At the solicitation
j of n number of my friends. I offer myself as a Can
didate for the °thee of Sheriff of Franklin County, eubjeet
to the decision of the Union Nominating Convention.
6..tinsoup Tusvhsuir, klarrh 29." F. W. DOSH.
H ERIE' A LTY.—Eucouragell by a
►J number of me friends, I offer myself as a candidate
for the odiee of &certif. subject to the decisionof the Union
Nominating County .Convention. DAVID EBY.
II \ 111LTON TOWN , IIII' March
c.',IHERIFFALTY.—I 'offer myself as a
IJ Candidate for the °dice ,of Sheriff of Franklin county,
..übjeet t the decision of the Union Nominating Convert
hen. THOMAS M'AFEE.
MEr.t:Ensnritc, Pa., Slaroh4,
Q HERIFFALTY.—Encourag,ed by a
numberof my friends, I offer myself as a candidate for
the - office of Sherdf, subject to the decision of the Union
Nominating 'County Convention. D. 3L LEISHER.
CELUIZEPSBUR.G, March 15.
SHERIQIIERrFFM,TY.—Ca'pt. JNO. DCERLER,
of Chambersburg. willbe a candidate for the office of
Sheriff, subject to the decision of the Union Sonlinating
DISTRICT ATTORNEY.—The name
of W3L S. EVERETT, Esq., will be ptesented to
the Union County Convention for the nomination for Dis
trict Attorney.- i.1. 3 3' 19 ] UNION.
STRICKLER will be a candidate for DISTRICT AT-
TuIiSEV, subject to the decision of the next Union County
Convention. Greencastle June 7th, ISfifb.
T 1 WATSON ROWE WILL BE
• candidate for the office of DISTRICT ATTOR
NEY, subject to the decision of the next Union County
EASTERN INN.—The undersigned ha
ving lately purchased the large and counnodione
Brick Building of Rev. S. B Fisher, in connection with his
present pinee of business, on the corner of Main street and
Ludwig 's Anon is prepared to accommeshise BOARD
ERS by the tiny, week or 'month. He is amply provided
with STABLING to accommadate the traveling . public.
Having a. large LIVERY STABLE connected with the
Hotel. guests and the public generally can be furnished
with Homes and Carriages at any moment Personssisit
ing Chambersburg with their families will find this the
most comfortable lintel in the county, as it has been re
fitted with entire new Furniture. and the rooms are large
and Well ventilatetL The TABLE is amply supplied with
all the luxuries of the season. and the BAR, which is de
tached from the Brick Building, will always be furnished
with choice and pure liquors. Every attention paid to the
comfort of guests. [oetl2[ S. F. GREENAWALT.
BROWN'S HOTEL.—This Hotel, situ
ated on the corner of Queen and Second Streets, op
posite the Bank, Court Room, and County Offices, and in
the immediate neighborhood of Stores, Shops, and other
places of business, is conveniently situated for country
people having business in Charnbersburg.. The Building
has been greatly enlarged and refitted for the accommoda
.tion of Guests.
THE TABLE will always be furnished with the best
thefitarket can produce.
THE STABLE is large and attended with a good and
Every attention will be rendered to make Guests emu
fortable while sojourning at this Hotel.
febl JACOB S. BROWN. PrKwietor.
UNION - a 'MB od and well
established Hotel is now open for thu acoommodatitnl
The Proprietorhavingleased the three-story bro.& of buil
dings on Queen,Street, in. the tear of bin former stand. is
prepared to fartiish GOOD ROOMS for the traveling and
HIS TABLE willkustain its farmer reputation of being
supplied with the best the market can produce.
HIS BAR, detached from the main building, will al•
ways have choke and prrfa Liquors.
Good warm STABLDIG for fifty horsc4, with careful
Fs err attention will be made to reader guests comfort
able while sojourning at this hotel.
jasiS JNO: FISHER, Proprietor.
lATIONAL HOTEL.—The subscriber
would respectfully announce that he has so far cow.
pleted his Rotel building as to be enabled to open it
for the accommodation of the public. The building is en
tirely new and built on the most approved plan for com
fort and converieuce.
He has also erected in connection with the Hotel a large
and convenient STABLE. and is now prepared to furnish
Stabling and Pros ender for any number or Homes.
Attached to the Stable (under cover) are a pairof HAY
AND STOCK SCALES, to which the especial attention
of Farmers, Drovers and Butchers is invited.
july26 DANIEL TROSTLE.
DAVID H.. HUTCHISON
all become the Proprietor of the UNITED STATES
HOTEL, near the Railroad Depot at HARRISBURG,
PA. This popular and commodious Hotel has been newly .
refitted and furnished thhinghout its parlors and chambers,
and is now ready for the reception of guests.
The traveling public will find the United States Hotel
the most convenient, in all particulars, of any Hotel in
the State Capital, on account of its access to the railroad,
being immediately between the two great depots in this
city. [Harrisburg, Jane 17, 63.tf.
STATES UNION HOTEL, OPPOSITE
the Lebanon 1;alley and Pennsylvania Railroad De
pots, Harrisburg Oty, Pa. This convenient and pleasant .
Hotel is now kept by the undersigned, late of the Indian
Queen in Chambenburg, and he invites the patronage of
his old friends and the public generally. Terms moderate.
octi.tf - JOHN W. TAYLOR.
NTEW QUARTERS AND NEW STOCK
THE OLD CLOTHING EMPORIUM, •
TILE MiItEET 1101.75 E,
The undersigned, after a temporary absence necessitated
by the destruction of Chambersburg, has again returned
and opened out in full blast in the Market House between
Wallace's Dry Good store and Huber & Lemaster's Gro
cery• store, a large assortment of
FALL AND WINTER GOODS, of every description
This stock consists of Ready Mode Clothing such as
Over Coats. Dress Coats, Pants, Vests, Under Skirts,
Drawers, &c., also
GENTLEBENS' FURNISHING GOODS, such as
Cravats, Suspenders, Gloves, Shawls, Handkerchiefs, Col
lars, Umbrellas, &c., &c.
His stock of Cloths for customer work minsists of French,
English and Domestic manufacture. Black Doe Skin and
Fancy Cassirners, Black Satin, Figured Silks, Plain and
Fancy Cassimer Vestings which will be made up to order
In styles to snit the taste of customers, on short notice, and
Haring engaged a pracfical Cutter from the East, lam
prepared to furnish clothing in the most fashionable styles,
and as none but esierienced workmen are engaged per
sons may rely upon getting their work well done at my
Thankful for the patronage heretofore bestowed, I re
spectrally solicit a continuance of the name.
octl9 J. T. fIOSKINSON.
Would respectfully inform the citizens of Chambersbnrg,
and the public generally, that be has opened
A NEW CLOTH/NG STORE, -
On Main St., in !sewn llnteon's new blinding,
VPosiin Huber i Tolbrn'F. •
His stock embraces a complete assortment of new
and desirable Goods, which he offers to
the public at very low rates.
He also bas a full line of
GENTLEMEN'S FURNISHING. GOODS.
Call and examine for yourselves.
PARTIEVLAIL ATTENTION PAID TO
-and satisfentlon grirmitetxl, LinJy26-3m
BOUNTY TAX By order of the School
Board of Hamilton township, the committee will
teem at the Tavern of JUlfti GORDON, On Saturday, the 20th
of Joty, and on the two encceeding Saturdays, Augu.st
sth and 12a, to collect the Bounty Tax due from the tax-
trwc All Bounty tax remaining unpaid after the 14th of
August Will lave ten per cent added, and placed in the
hands of proper officers for collection. july2B-3t
MONEY W A NTE D.-BRAND &
FLACK respeettally request all persms knoadag
themselves indebted to th6 - ti by notes or took accounts - to
mil and make himedhhe 'settlement. The neeeseity of
this notice is apparent to every/ one, and we hope those In•
&teed will - report at one.. onit24-tt
PVT YOUR SHOULDER TO THE WHEEL
There is a voice that speaks us,
If Ire own no craven heart,
As we pass along life'rpathway
Taking our appointed part ;
And it bids no beams burden,
Heavy though it seem and feel,
And with strung and hopeful vigor
Put your shoulder to the wheel.
What though clouds are darkening o'er 119,
They but hide a tranquil sky ;
Or should storm drops fall around us,
Soon the sunshine bids them dry.
S'ever doubt, fatal Rita and falter,
Heart be stout and true as steel ;
Fortune smiles on brave endeaCer—
Put year shoulder to The wheel.
Folded hands will never aid us
To uplift the load of care ;
"lip and stirring" be your motto,
Meek to suffer,, strong to bear.
'Tis net chance that guides our footsteps,-
Or our destiny can seal ;
wall a will then, strcmgand steady, •
Put your shoulder to the wheel.
Men of worth have conned the lesson,
Men of might have tried Its truth
And lips have Meatball its maxim ,
In the tist'ning ear of youth;
And be sure throughout life's journey,
Many wounded hearts would heal,
If wo all as friends and brothers
Put our shoulder to the wlreeL-__;
From: Hours at Home.
LIEETENANT GENERAL GRANT
" Who is that chnp in blue, whole always hang
ing around Grant'etanneg 7" asked a new-corner
at Galena, of an eld resident.
"The short fellow with a cigar in his mouth,
do you mean 7"
"Yes; he is constantly smoking, and walks up
and down without speaking to anybody."
" Oh ! that is Grant's brother; don't you know
Such was the standing and de fame of Ulysses
S. Grant before the breaking out of the rebellion.
He was the brother of Grant the tanner; and but
for the summons of Port Sumter requiring him to
take up anew his cast-off vocation of soldiering,
his grand mititary genius, his indomitable energAy,
and his heroic patriotism would have lain'hidden
under his slouched hat, in the smoke of his own
tobacco, or would have been expended uppn the
strategy of improving the sidewalks of Galena-
He was not without consideration, indeed from
those who knew that he had been educated at
West Point, and served with distinction in the
Mexican war; and among familiars he was still
addressed as Captain." But he had resigned
his commission years before, and military services
and titles were at a discount_ in comparison with
farming and mining, the great staples of prosper
ity in the West. - Grant had tned farming in
north-western Missouri, but with indifferent suc
cess, and now had fallen back for alivelihood
upon the family trade of tanning—iu which, how
ever, his progress toward financial independence
was hardly more promising.
Rumor has attached to his name at this period,
a habit of self-indulgence which is inimical to in
dustry and thrift, and fatal to character. It is
difficult to ascertain the precise truth with regard
to the private personal habits 'of men who have
become distinguished in public affairs. The tongue
of slander is busy against them, and on the other
hand, a zealous -partizanship is forward to mag
nify their virtues, and to cover or deny their faults.
No charge is mere common against our generals
and our prominent civilians than that of intem
perance ; and it is far easier to start such an tic
cusatien' and to gain credence for it in the public
mind, thateto disprove it by competent and avail
rn 411....anc1y stages of - ta ,
the ready solution of a defeat to the J.Tizion arms
was the intoxication of the commanding general;
and whoa' the battle of.Pittsburg Landing waver
ed between defeat and victory, the rumor spread
over the land, that the peril ot the second day was
owing to the General's free indulgence in whisky.
Influences were used at Washington to! have Grunt
displaced - from his command -; but the witty reply
of President Lincoln after the victory at Corinth
—" I wish that all the generals would drink Grant's
whisky"—showed how little credit he gave to the
story. And Gen. Sherman said, in hisbumorons
way, " Grant stood by me in my insanity,' and I
stand by Grant/in his drunkenness:" by which ho
intended to convey the impression that he no more
believed that Grant w.asLa drunkard than he be
lieved himself to be insane, A careful sifting of
evidence upon this point leaves it probable that
like too many army officers, Capt. _Grant was a
convivial drinker, and was sometimes betrayed
into inebriety. Whether from this cause, or from
the natural inaptitude of civil pursuits, of one
trained in the school of arms, he seems to have led
a somewhat aimless and shiftless life, in the in
terval between the closing up of his first military
record and the - opening of the war of the rebel
lion. It is said that when he received his com
mission as Colonel of the Twenty-first Regiment
of Illinois Infantry, he had not means of providing
himself with a horse and accoutrements, and that
the note that he gave for their purchase was suf
fered to go to protest because the paymaster did
not come round in time for him to meet his debt !.
The qualifles that he has exhibited as a general
argue that he could never have been an habitual
drunkard ;.nor could he have broken either his
physical constitution or his force of will by indul
gence in drink./ But whatever may have been his
antecedents in this respect, it is certain that du
ring the war he has been a model of self-control,
and that his personal example and influence have
been decidedly upon the side of temperance.
Grant was brought up in the school of manly
toil and honesty; and in the combined occupations
of the farm and the tannery, he formed habits of
industry and of perseverance, and acquired pow
ers of endurance, which have served him well in
the vast anti complicated labors of his military
campaigns. How marvelous and how instructive
the providences that had prepared for the service
of the nation in the most arduous and critical pe
riod of its history, that trio whose names shall
hereafter be grouped for the incitement of Amer
ican youth, and for the honor of deniocratic in
stitutions—the pioneer-boy, the tailuriboy, and
As a school-boy, Ulysses exhibited l Pdogged
- perseverance that served him instead of the quick
ness of tho genius; and when, through the favor
of Hon. T. L. Hamer, he was nominated to a Ca
detship at West Point, this quality of mind ena
bled him to master the mathematical discipline
of the Academy. Having passed the examination
successfully, he wrote to his father: "I don't ex
pect to make very fast prOgress; but I shall try
to hold on to what I shall get." That faculty of
holding on to what he got never deserted him;
and proved indeed the main stay of the country
in the last year of the war. His thoroughness of
application secured for young Grant au honorable
standing in his class in the Academy. Immedi
ately upon graduating, in 1893, when he was
barely twenty-one years of age, he wascommis
sioned, by brevet, second lieutenant of infantry,
and was dispatched to Missouri, whose frontiers
were completely disturbed by roving bands of In
dians. Soon atter, the whr with Mexigo, origi
nating in Texas, opened to him the field of mili
tary adventure. He fought under Gen. Taylor
at Palo Alto, at Rearca do In Palma, and at Mon
terey; and marched with the victorious Scott from
Vera Cruz to the city of Mexico. In every bat
tle, Lieutenant Grant won such distinction for
usefulness and bravery as was within the reach
of a junior officer; and at the close of the Mex
ican war, he was made captain, by brevet, in the
regular army. Young as he was, he exhibited a
remarkable combination of coolness, skill and
courage. Hie bravery was the more noticeable
because he coveted extreme exposure when he
might-have shielded himself- with honor. His
practical sense, his-method and energy, had caus
ed him to be selected as regimental quartermas
ter, Upon the march from Vera Cruz to the inte-
rior—a valuable training in the way of logistics,
of which he has proved himself master upon so
grand a scale. But ho would not suffer the du
ties of this department to detain him from the
field. Me wrote to his parents: "I do not mean
you shall ever hear of my shirking my dtity iu
battle. My new post of quartermaster is consid
ered to afford. an officer an opportunity to be re
lieved from fighting; but I.& not, and cannot see
it in that light. You have always-taught 11/6 that
the post of , datiger is the petit of duty." Then,
quoting wanta's memorable replrto•Putnaixt,
who bad prtipooett.sewlinglim to a Olime of ;life.
CHAMBERSBURG, PA., :WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1865
ty—"Send me where the fightmay be the hottest,
for there I can do the most good to my country;"
the young hero added ; "So I feel in my position
as quartermaster. Ido not intend it shall keep
me from fighting for our deiir old flag, when the
hour of battle comes."
After the Mexican war, Captain Grant was
sent'to the Pacifiic coast, where he remained for
several years in garrison duty; but growing wea
ry of this dull routine, he resignedhis commission
in 1854, and returning to Missouri, he settled
down as a plain farmer, in St. Louis county. He
gradually dropped hie associations with military
life, and the opening of the war, as we have seen,
found him in Galena at his old trade, bat known
familiarly as the tanner's brother. The sound of
war, however, and especially of war in defense of
the nation's life, broke his almost sluggish Tue.
tude, and roused within him more than the fire of
his Mexican campaign, in the (aiming zeal of
patriotism. He felt that he owed his country the
military skill and training she had given him, and
he was prompt to lay these at her feet. Commis
sioned by Governor Yates to recruit volunteers
for the quota of the State of Illinois, he received
a colonelcy as the reward of his success, and with
his well-drilled regiment he was goon in active
service in Missouri. Once in the field, Colonel
Graiat well knew how to make his way ; yet the
rapidity of - his, promotion must have surprised
himself no less than the development of his mili
tary genius amazed and thmied the public.
It would be quite superfluous to follow in detail
the battles of General Grant from the brilliantvicl
tones of Forts Henry and Donelson, which em
blazoned his name beside that. of Admiral Foote,
to the magnificent sweep of his campaign through
the" Wilderness," from the - Potomac to the James,
which ended at last in the capture of Richmond,
and of the principal army of the rebellion. Every
body knows the story of the news-boy who was
selling the " Life of General Grant" in a car,
where Grant himself was sitting. Being pointed
to the General, by a waggish officer as a probable
customer, the boy was surprised at Grant's ask
ing him, "Whom is allthisstory.about " Well,"
said he, turning away in contempt , "you must
be a greeny, if you don't know who General Grant
is." - - If any reader of Hors at Home does not
know who ii the hero of Fort Henry and Don
elson ; of Pittsburg Landing: Corinth, and Inka
of Vicksburg and Chattanooga, with the adjacent
heights of Missionary Ridge and Lookout Moun
tain ; and Richmond—we must leave him to ap
ply the story. Our purpose is not to fight over
upon paper the campaigns of General Grant, but
briefly to indicate the salient qualities of the Gen
The thoroughness with which he mastered the
situation, and the sagacity and boldness with
which he took advantage of the :critical opportu
nity, were first conspicuous at — Fort Donelson.
By a series of skillful maneuvers he had complete
ly mvested.the fort, and had gained command of
the enemy's principal positiobs. Just as he was
preparing his combinations for a grand assault,
word was brought from the front that the enemy
was about - to assume the offensive, and a prisoner
was sent to the General's headquarters to confirm
the report. Instead of interrogating the man,
Grant examined his haversack, and finding it well
stocked with rations, decided that Buckner was
preparing to evacuate the fort. He at once or
dered the assault, and before night held the fort
so secnrly in his grip that the rebel General sent
a flag of truce proposing an armistice for terms
of capitulation. Grant's quick reply was, "No
terms other than an immediate and unconditional
surrender can be accepted. I propose to move
immediately on your works;" and in a little time
the flag of the Union was waving over the entire
His confidence in his chosen position and re
sources, and the superiority of his will to any
emergency or disaster, were strikingly exhibited
at Shiloh, where, in disregard of tactical prece
dent, he placed himself between, the enemy and
the banks of the Tennessee. When aksed how
ho could have retreated, if beaten, he replied:
"I didn't mean to be beaten; and besides, there
were transports ready to carry us across the
river." When reminded that the transports
could only have carried one fifth of his army,
: "_There was transporta
tion enough for all that would ante been Lett ur
us." In the judgment of some, the fothinabi
turn of the day barely saved him from severe
military censure, for his hazardous disposition of
his command. But was not the fact that he had
staked all deliberately upon one blow, the key to
his success ? - The difference between Grant
and myself," said General Sherman, "is this : I
fear no danger that' I can see; dud Grant fears
none that he can't see." His courage was al
ways self contained. As he himself once said, af
ter the gxplosion of a shell near his tent had
scatteredi his staff, who returned to find him
quietly smoking: " A military man should never
To these qualities of thoroughness, boldness,
and confidence, must be added that tenacity of
purpose which first impressed itself upon the
:country in the siege of Vicksburgh, and whose
success against the citadel of the Mississippi in
spired the country with hope and patience during
the protracted siege of Petersburg and Richmond.
It was there that he illustrated his good school
boy maxim to " hold on to what he got."
At_Chattanooga he redeemed' our army from
the demoralization of despair; and there also he
displayed the vastness of his grasp in strategy—
the power of combining upon abroad scale, move
ments converging toward one end with the cer
tainty of success through the careful adjustment
of parts, and by boldness at the moment of oppor
tunity. He was months in maturing hisplan for
dislodging the enemy from the mountain fastness
es around Chattanooga and in getting, up his own
supplies; but when the day for action arrived,
his plan was at once so comprehensive and so
minute that the result was almost a certainty of
mathematical calculation. His strategy, as he
himself defined it, consisted in'"getting as near as
possible to the enemy with the least necessary
loss,- and then going at him!" This strategy, so
strikingly inaugurated at Chattanooga, was car
ried to perfection in General Grant's last cam
paign for w hat had proved the insoluble _problem
of the war—the capture of Richmond. His ob
ject was not Richmond, but Lee's army; and his
rapid and terrible blows upon that army, in the
"Wilderness," with the determination to "fight it
out upon that line," and to fight his battles
"through," drove Lee into an attitude ofsheeide.
fence, from which he was never able to recover
himself. Having thus crippled Lee, Grant's one
aim was to hold him until ne could make sure of
his entire army. He did nottherefore move upon
Richmond, as he might have done successfully,
from the north, but striking at the key of Lee's
supplies, he eat down calmly to await the result
of Sherman's grand campaign in Georgia and the
Carolinas, which was a part of his programme
fir the capture of Lee. And when at lasts almost
at the appointed day General Sherman had ful
filled his task of cutting off at once Lee's supplies
and his retreat, when Sheridan had swept -the
Shenandoah, sod Thomas held the mountain pass
es of Tennessee, then Grant struck the final blow,
and in five days accomplished what he had been
as many months in maturing. 'We know not
whether most to admire, the terrible energy of
the battles of the Wilderness, or the calm tenac
ity of the eeige of Petersburg, or the comprehen
sive sweep of the Georgia flanking, or the rapid
onslaught and pursuit at the.last ; but in the com
bination of qualities here presented, we have be
yond dispute the greatest general of the age.
General Grant has been favored in his subordi
nates: Sherman, Thomas, Sheridan, are names
that will stand before his own in history. But it
is a part of his greatness that he knows how to
choose his generals, and -that he awards them all
their just weed of praise.
A severt 'Singleness of aim has marked the
course of the Lieutenant General. Not a. lino
has he written, not a word has he spoken, that
could be tortured to a political use. Indeed, he
has not written nor spoken at all except upon to
pics connected with his official work, and then
always in the fewest and simplest words. Neither
the devices of New York politicians, the tempta
tions of New York dinners, nor the uproarious
cries of New York mobs, during his recent visit
to this metropolis, could extort from him anything
beyond the expression of thanks. .
His modesty is one of his chiefest virtue, re
lieving and adorning all the rest. We chanced to
see General Grant upon the floor of the United
States Senate, where he seemed asmuch abashed
in presence of civilians as a school=girl before an
examining committee. When he bad left, &Sen
ator called attention to the fact that the Lieuten
ant-General wore tewer airs than a second Lieu
tenant. But the people will not suffer his worth
to lie hid. General Grant is only in the prime of
life.' A kind Providence has thus thr upheld him
in his position from folly and from fall. May he
be kept secure in his wisdom, his patience, and
his prowess, until the nation Shall again demand
his leadership, in decamp or in the Onto!
,Frere the Hanistrayg Telegraph.
THE CIOEDEEN OF THE STATE.
The Orphans of Pennsylvania Soldiers Adopted
as the Children of the State—Liberal Provisions
for their Education—The Plan Demised and its
Operation the Work of Andrew G. Curti n—lts
Support Based upon the Munificence of the
Pennsylvania Railroad Company.
As our own noble State was the first, and we
believe is yet the only one; to make liberal and per
manent provision for thc maintenance and educa
tion of the destitute orphans of her gallant sons
who laid down their lives for the Union, we have
watched the progress of the enterprise with more
than ordinary pride and interest. Feeling also
that our readers will be gratified to hear of the
present condition of this work, we have been at
some pains to procure a brief outline of what has
been done and is in progress.
Fortunately, or rather providentially, for the
efficiency and success of the undertaking, there
was scarcely anything of detail .as to a plan of
operation in the acts, (one of May 6, 1864, and
the other of May 23, 1865,) on' the subject; the
-whole manner of proceeding being left to the dis
cretion of Gov. Curtin. And here it may be re
marked, that more of this noble project belongs
to the present Executive than is generally known.
It is supposed that it entirely originated with the
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, but this is not
by any means the fact. Itis true that that liberal
corporation did present to the Governor, for the
use of the State, towards the demands of the war
fbr the Union, the sum of $50,000; but we be
lieve that the gift at first was general and not for
the specific purpose to which it has since been_
dedicated, or for any other specific purpose ex
cept as above stated. ' And it was sometime after
the Oft took place, that the suggestion was made
to appropriate the fund to the support and educa
tion of the destitute orphans of our soldiers. As
we.understand the matter, this suggestion origin
ated with Gov. Curtin, but was at once acceded
to by the company. It thus oppears, that while
the 'honor of designating this particular work of
benevolence is due to the Governor, that of afford
ing the first means of putting the idea into opera
tion is entirely the -work of our great railroad
company. We are much mistaken, indeed, if this
plan for the support of our military orphans, does
not furnish one of the brightest pages in the his
tory of the State, and, therefore, the above state
ment has been made, in order that the facts may
be put correctly on the record.
The plan for giving activity to this humane and
patriotic thought seems to have . been well con
sidered. At one time very different methods were
proposed. Some desired the money to' be dig;
tribated amongst the destitute widows of our sol
diers, in proportion' to the number of their chil
dren, to be by them expended in their mainte
nance and education. But the uncertainty of the
effective application of the fund by this means, to
its specific objects (the maintenance and educa
tion of the orphans) rendered it, it not an unsafe.,
at least a very unreliable mode. Others contend
ed for the expenditure of the fund by the various
School Boards, who were to find out the children
and have the general oversight of them while in a
state of apprenticeship. But here; again, want of
certainty and reliability were felt to be in the way,
while the - plan itself differed nothing from that of
treating these soldiers' orphans as paupers, ex
cept that they were to be bound out by School
Directors instead of Directors of the Poor.
A broader minded policy was fortunately adopt,
ed and is now slowly vindicating its own merits
and taking firm ground in the public mind. Its
main features aro these:
The destitute orphans of our deceased soldiers
and sailori are admitted into the care of the State,
between the ages of four and sixteen, and of both
sexes. The lowest age—four—has been adopted
as the limit, for the reason that as
as well us maintenance is to be afforded, no child
could be fairly accepted as'the proper, subject of
school education—the kind supposed to have been
intended—till at least of that age, though as a
general rule, not many are fitted for such exer
cises even then. But to meet the wants of as
many as possible, it was thought best to , fix the
age of admissibility as low as the most liberal
as uuld ...teed for. Dclow suer children are to
be regarded more as nurselings than m3'4011601 pu
pils: On the other hand, it was suppomi that at
sixteen young persons might be so well grounded
in the essentials of a general English education
and established in moral and business habits as to
'elmit of being safely sent abroad into the world
to win their own "maintenance " Hence the li
mits upward as well as downward; it being al•
ways understood that orphans of this class, now
under four years, shall come intolhb school as
soon as they arrive at that age. -
Of course proof of the facts that the children
are the offspring of our soldiers, and of their des
titution, is in all bases required. This, while not
so strict as in case of application for a pension, is
sufficiently so to guard against imposition. The
mother or guardian is required to state all the
necessary facts, under oath. This statement is
then laid before the Board of School Directors of
the district in which the applicant reiiides,and if
found to be correct, is officially approved by that
body; and finally, it is scrutinized by a county
committee of superintendence, appointed for that
and other purposes; and not till all these formal
ities and approvals have been complied with and
obtained is any case laid before the State Super
intender.t, who has a final power of admission or
rejection, according to the facts of each applica
tion, regularly and officially considered.
The pupils when accepted are divided into two
classes. Those between the ages of four and se
ven, eight or, nine years, according to physical
development bud intellectual advancement; and
those from seven, eight or nine, as just stated, to
I'he first class, or the more juvenile orphans,
are placed in the Orphan Asylums already in ex
istence for general or denominational purposes,
in most of the cities and some of the larger towns,
Here departments for themselves are in some ca
ses provided; and they receive that careful degree
of physical and moral care and that moderate por
tion of intellectual culture which their tender
years demand; and hence, when duly prepared,
they are to be transferred to the other or.higher
grade of schools. To these schools, for the more
juvenile, the State pays a moderate annual hum
for their keeping, the price-at present being $lOO
for each pnpil, including the expense of boarding,
clothing, tuition, &c.
The other class—from seven, eight to sixteen
—are being placed in schools in the country.,
where they are not only to be instructed in all the
branches of a sound English education, as soon
and as thoroughly as their previous culture and
various gifts will admit, but in those useful and
piachcal employments whiCh also, constitute a
portiportion of education in the true sense of the term.
this end, no school for this class of pupils will
hereafter be accepted with less than twenty acres
of arable land attached to it, and all now in the
employment of the State will be required to have
that quantity in readiness for cultivation next
spring. Each school is to contain about an equal
number of boys and girls, and all the household
and domestic employments, as well as the culti
-cation of the ground belonging to the school, with
several of the simpler mechanical employments,
are to be habitually attended to, and pursued by
the pupils, according to sex and physical ability,
in addition to the usual number of hours of school
study common to other boarding schools.
No other pupils are to be mixed with these or
phans in their more advanced institutions; and
the course and method of, study are to be such as
shall be designated by the State officers.
There are to be nut less than 100, nor materi
ally over 120 pupils, in each of these more advan
To secure thO sound moral and the proper re•
ligious training of these orphans, they are to be
assigned, as far as practicable, to the care and
instruction ofteachers of the same religious per
suasion as that of their deceased fathers; and the
clergymen of the - vicinity of each school are ex
pected to have thorn in their proper Sabbath
behoolii, and otherwise regard them as of their
The compensation now paid for keeping and
instructing the snore advanced pupils in these
boarding schools, is $l5O per annum for each,
for everything except clothing, which is provided
by the State.
The attempt to execute this task began ln June,
1864; but till May, 1865, no encouraging pro
gress was made. This was owing to two obsta
cles: let. To want oftonfidenco on the part of
Mothers and of proprietors of proper schools, its
the permanency of the enterprise. The mothers
were unwilling to separate themselves from their
children—rendered doubly deal'. to them by the
loss of the other parent—under the strong. prob
ability of having them sent back when the first
approprintionmf $50,000 should be expended;
and school proprietorq felt the same unwillingness
to embark in an enterprise
_of .such very doubtful
duration. 2d. Thli exorbitant war. prices of all
VOL. 72....W110LE NO. 3,71 i
the necessaries of life caused the few offe : to ac
cept thege orphans that were made to run • high,
that the State officer would close with v ry few
of them, and these only because they we com
paratively moderate and emanated from •ersons
who were willing to risk a good deal in this noble
There are now seventeen of these institutions,
of both classes, in operation, viz: eleven for the
more juvenile, and six for the more advanced.
Those of the 'former are Northern Home, in
the city of Philadelphia; Home of the Shepard of
the Lambs, Bridesburg; Lutheran Orphans'
Home, Germantown; St. John's Orphans' Asyhrm
Philadelphia; St. Vincent's Orphans' Asylum,
Tacony ; Children's Home, Lancaster; Children's
Home, York; Loysville School,, Perry county;
Pittabnrg and Allegheny Orphans' Asylum, Alle
gheny City; Pittsburg and Allegheny Children's
Home, Allegheny City, and Soldiers' Children's
Those for the latter are at Quakertown, Bucks
county , : Paradise and Strasburg,.Lancaster coun
ty ; 31cAlli:terville, Juniata county; Orangeville,
Columbia county; and North Sewickley, Beaver
Into ell these schools, as we learn by the Penn- ,
syleania &hoot Journal, in which- the fall pro
ceedings of this trust are published monthly, there
had been ordered for admission to the schools, to
the Ist of July, 857 orphans, viz, 33'2 of the
more juvenile, and 525 of the more advanced clas
ses. About 50 have since been admitted. There
are about 200 perfected applications now on hand,
for which no schools have yet been procured, and
applications are coming in at the rate of from
100 to 150 per month.
While speaking of expenses, it may noOseilia
proper to say we are informed that theomoney
now at the command of the State Superintendent,
for the expense of these schools for 1865, will
probably be sufficient to meet all demands to the
end of the year.
We learn from the School Jounial that schools
for the more advanced pupils are yet needed in
the extreme northeastern, southeastern, north
western and southwestern portions of the State ;
alio, in or near Elk, Cambria, Lycoming and
Franklin counties ; and that communications on
the subject, from those quarters, will be gladly
recevied by the Hon. Thomas H. Burrowes, Su
perintendent, at .Lancaster. The schools are
regularly visited by the State officer—some of
them as often as six times within the current
year. They are all found to be improving—some
more than others; but all doing as well as the
newness of the enterprise and the difficulties in
the way of putting it into operation, fairly con- a
sidered, could be expected to admit.
At first many of the children were rude and un
mixed ler, some of them filthy in 'condition, and
all liable to the temporary diseases and un'pleas
antnesses incident to the collection into close
companionship of so many, from such cations and
often wretched homes. But now that they are
becoming cleansed and brightened, and are begin
ing to feel the comforts and advantages of their
position, their official visitors and teachers speak
of them in most encouraging terms. And why
should they not justify this opinion? They are
of the same flesh and blood—even the poorest
and most neglected of them—as the offspring of
their there favored fellow-citizens. Placed, there=
fore, under humanizing, christianizing and eleva
ting inffuences, they begin not only to manifest
their claim to equality, as human beings, with
the rest of society, but to prove that the same
good blood courses in their veins, and the same,
high spirit informs their childish actions which
distinguished those whose Fames they bear, and
whose records are so honorable to their native
Great diversity of appreciation of the value and
benefits of those schools has been manifested,
even by the mothers of their pupils. Not a few,
being habitually impatient and captious, have
given trouble by their unreasonable complaints
and their impossible expectations. Bat the very
large majority, appreciating not only the great
value of the undertaking to themselves and their
unprotected children, but the difficulty of at once
perfecting go complicated an enterprise, have been
reasonable, patient and grateful. In fact, with
out the moral support thus aftbrded, aud the hope
• ot mitinlato.oaccesa tliusencourageti, the.attempt
to organize them: , achobls would have been one of
unmixed labor and care. As it is, even this early
dawn of their history begins to brighten with facts,
and feelings, and results, which justify any amount
of effort and expenditure for their completion.
.It is amongst the most wise and .benevolent
features of the plan under which these orphans
are now trained, that they are to be allowed the
same vacation accorded to other boarding-school
pupils, to visit widowed mothers and other rela
tives, and keep up the parental and home rela
tions. The first of these vacations will commence
on Friday, July 28th, find will eontiniretill Mon
day, September 4th. About those days, there
fore, they will be seen. in the public conveyances
of most parts of the State, going from call return
ing to their respective schools, clad in their neat
but plain, uniform dresses ; the boys svith blue
cap and roundabout and gray pants, modestly cor
ded with black; and the girls in tan-colored or
white and black muslin de laine dresses, weer
dingto age, and dark straw bats with brown rib
Each will be furnished with a pasS from his or
her school, setting forth the purpose and duration
of the term of absence, and the direction of the
•journey, thus certifying their character to all who
may take an interest in these CHILDREN 9F THE
We mast close this long article by commending
these young and interesting travelers to the con
sideration of all who may be favored With the op
portunity of showing gratitude to the dead by ex
tending kindness to the living; and especially we
would suggest; if it needs any suggestion, to rail
road and other authorities in matters of travel,
that their official passes shall serve as free tickets
to their holders. Let it not be forgotten that
these visits will carry gladness to hundreds of .
sad and lonely homes, and that this graceful aid
will be an additional evidence of kind feeling to
the soldier's widow and orphan. And let us not
forget, here again to acknowledge that to Andrew
G. Curtin, Governor of Pennsylvania, the widows
of the brave men who fell in defence of Liberty
and Union, are indebted for the care and educa
tion thus sectired.for their children. '
Gail Hamilton, inter direct and forcible, but
not always elegant style, sometimes advances sen
timents which we cannot approve; but the fol.
lowing practical view of religion commends itself
to every one who desires to live•a truly Christian
"We want a religion that softens the steps,
and tunes the voice -to melody, and fills the eye
with sunshine, and checks the impatient exclama-
tion and harsh rebuke ; a religion that in polite,.
deterentiaLto suieriors, corteous toinferiki, and..
considerate to fnends ; a religion that goes into a
family, and keeps the husband from being spiteful
when the dinner s late—keeps the wife from fret
ting when the husband tracks the newly washed
floor with his muddy boots, and makes the hus
band mindful of the scraper and door mat—
keeps the mother patient when the baby is cross;
avuses the children as well as instructs them;
prokuptly looks after the apprentice in the shop,
and - the clerk behind the counter, and the student
in the office,-with a fatherly care and motherly
love, setting the solitary iri families, and introdu
cing them to pleasant and wholesome society, that
their lonely feet may not be led into temptation.
We want a religion that shall interpose continu
ally between the ruts and gullies and rocks of the
highway Of lif6, and the sensitive souls that are
traveling over them.
"Wd want a religion that bears heavily, not only
on the exceeding rascality of lying and stealing—
a religion that banishes short measures 'from the
counter, small baskets from the stalls, pebbles
from the cotton bags, clay from the sugar, chicco
ry from the Coffee, otter from butter, beet juice
from vinegar, alum from bread, strychnine 'from
wine, water from the milk cans, and buttons from
the contribution box. The religion that is to
save the world will not make one-half a pair of
shoes of good leather and the other of poor.leath
er, so that the first shall redound to the maker's
credit, and the second to his cash ; nor if the
"shoes be promised on Thursday morning, will it
let Thursday morning spin out till Saturdatnight
It does not send the little boy, who has come for
the daily quart of milk, to the barnyard to see
the calf, and seize the opportunity to skim off the
cream; nor does it surround stale butter with
fresh, and sell the whole for good; nor sell off the
Black baked bread upon the stable-boy; nor dea
con' the apples.
"The religion that is to sanctify the world pays
its debts. ' It does not ,borrow money with little
or no purpose of repayment, by concealing or
gloating over the fact. It looks upon a matt who
has fns tritderans eathinta to Eye in loin s t ; ,
as a thief. It looks upciii him who promises to
Pay MI dollars on &pond, with interest, and
who neglects. to ,pay fifty dolhmtron demand, with
or without iate.re a t;aa a Dar." -
HOW DFACON alUtif Courtitrk 31:/z WIDOW.
— The DeaCC4fB wagon stopped one, igormn . g be
fore Widow Jones' door, and he gavel Vai usual
4 11 MA he wanted somebody in the house
by dropping he wanted
and sitting double with his
elbows on his Iteees. Out tripped the widow,
lively as a cricket, with a tremendous black rib
bon on her snow-white cap. "Good morning"
was said on both sides, and the widow waited for
what was farther to be said.
" Well, Ma'am Jones, perhaps you don't want
to sell one of your cows, now, for nothing, any
way, do you?"
" Weil, there,Mister Smith. you couldn't have
spoken to my ind better. - A pour lane woman
like me does not know what to do with so many
cretare, and should be glad to trade if we can
So they adjourned to the meadow. Deacon
Smith looked at Roan—thou• at the widow—at
Brindle—then at the widow—at the Downing cow
-then at the widow , again—entr 80 through the
whole forty. The same call was'nfade fora week,
but the Deacon could not decide what cow he
wanted. At length, on Saturday, when the Widow
Jones was inn hurry to get through her baking
for Sunday—and had " ever so much to do in the
house,". as all farmers' wives and widows have on
Saturday—she was a littlo impatient. Deacon
Smith was as irresolute as ever.
"That 'ere Downing cow is a• pretty fair cre
tnr," he said, " bur—he stopped to glance at
the widow's face, and then walked around her,
not the widow—bat the cow.
" The Downing cow I knew before the late
Mr. Jones bought her." Here he sighed at the il
lusion to the late Mr. Jones: iihe sighed and both
looked at each ether. It was a highly interesting
" Old Roan is a faithful old milch, and so is
Brindle—but I have known better "—a long stare
succeeded his speech—the pause was getting awk
ward—and at last Mrs. Jones broke out:
"Lord ! Mr. Smith, if Pm the cow yoh want_
do say so!"
The intentions of the Deacon and,theiridow
were published the next day. c 4
REMARKABLE Co ND U CT OF A DOG.—The
Cleveland Herald says: We have anew dog sto
ry-to relate : A little Euclid Avenue friend of
ours possesses, among other pets; a fine' pointer
dog, and. a couple of -little chickens, that have
been deserted by their mother--a very unprinci
pled and unnatural hen, by the way. The other
day he fell asleep while playing with the chickens.
As he' lay upon the floor, with his long golden
curls streaming out upon the carpet, the chickens
nestled beneathp.them, as they would have nestled
beneath their runaway mother. The pointer dog
was near, and, for some time, had watched the
proceedings with evident interest. Finally he
approached the sleeper, poked the littlr 'chickens
Mf om beneath the curls, took them gently in his
outh and carried. them to his kennel. Their
twende owner was much alarmed upon awaken
ning and finding that they "were not." Alarm
was changed, first to surprise and then,to • pleas-
Lire, upon discovering their whereabouts, and the
gentle manner in which they were being cared
tor. The dogseemed perfectly carried away with
fond affection for his charge. He would gently
caress them and look upon them with eyes beam
ing with tenderness. For three or four days,the
little chicks thus resided with their canine friend.
At night.they would repose beneath the hair of
his paws. and during the day he was their con
stant companion—attencliug to their every want
with a human care and solicitude. Finally this
unnatural mode of existence seemed to disagree
with them, and the chickens were taken from
their strange protector—much to the latter's sor
The dog's conduct could hardly be ascribed to
instinset ; he ratherseemed to be impelled •by a
- human impulse and affection,
Swum KISSING—The author of " Sketches
in Paraguay" gives us this fragrant morsel:—
Everbody smokes in Paraguay, and nearly every
female above thirteen years of age chews. lam
wrong. They do not chew, but put the tobpeco in
their mouths, keep it their constantly, except when
eating, and instead of chewing' roll it about with
their tongues and suck it. Only imagine your
self about to salute the red lips of a magnificent
little Hebe, arrayed in satin and flashing diamonds:
she puts you back with one delicate hand while
with the fair taper fingers of the other, she draws
forth from her month a brownish black roll of to.
bacco, quite two, inches long, looking like a mon
strous grub, and depositing the savory morsel on
the rim of your sombrero. puts up her face and
is ready for your salute.
have sometimes had an over delicate foreig
ner turn with a shudder of loathing under such
circumstances, and get the epithet of d saraco
(the'savage) applied to him by the offended beau;
ty for this sensitive squeamishness. However,
one soon gets used to this. in Paraguay, Where
you are perforce of cnstSm obliged to kiss every
lady you nre introduced to ; and one half you meet,
are really tempting enough to render you reckless
of consequences ; you would sip the dew of the
proffered lips in the face of a tobacco battery—
even the double distilled "honey dew" of old
"AIN'T DoN NOTIIING."-'
ter, John ?'t
" I ain't done nothing, father. -
" Well, what are you crying for, )ott lubber I"
"I was afraid you would ship me." -
"What , whip you when you hasn't done noth
. .. •
"Yes, sir." -
" Go into the house, you booby."
John telt quite relieved, and went into the
house,' and his father went down to the farm.
Very soon his father came back in a rage, and
laying a cowhide over the urchin's back said :
"Did I not tell you =hen I went away to hoe
the corn ?"
`.` Yes sir—butyou told me just now you wouldn't
whip-me if I hadn't done nothing."
Fortunately John's wit didn't save him the
ORIGIN or Tin; PRINTER'S DEVIL—When
Ilanitius the elder set up in business, at Venice,
he came in possession of a little negro boy. The
boy was known over the city as the "little black
devil," who helped the mysterious bibliofactor
along, and some of the ignorant persons believed
tinn to be none other than the embodiment of Sa
tan, who helped Aldus in the prosecution of his
profession. One day, Aldus, to dispel this strange
hallucination by publicity, displayed tho young
imp to the poorer classes. Upon the occludes he
made a very characteristic speech—" Let it be
knowh'in Venice, that 1, Aldus Ma:nitius, printer
to the Holy Church Doge. have this day =del
public exposure at thopriater's devil. All those
who think he is not flesh and blood may come and
A NEW NAME.—A young lady recently entered
a shop of a fashionable tiullinelr, for the iturpose
of making some trifling purchase:
"How is your mother, miss?" inquired the la-
" She is not very Well," replied Aff ect i m i l t e .
" what is the matter with her 7" •.. •
She fell down stairs, and hurt her c Minn./ten :
der T ery,much."
" Courtsey.bender! what is that'" inquired the
...Why her knce," said the blushing damsel. •
A tort LETTER.--Och, Pady, mate Paddy,
if I was your daddy, I'd kill 3c with kisses en• ;
tirely ; if I was your bruther, and likewise your
mother, I'd see that you went to bed airly.
taste of your breath, I'd starve me to death, and
lay off me hoops altogether. To joost have a
taste of your:inns on me waste, I'd larf at the
meanest of weather. Pear Paddy, be mine, me
own swate valentine; ye'll find me both gintle
and civil, our life we'll spind to an illegant ind,
and care may go dance with the divil.
: How TO REFUSE A Lo_ N.7-A young city clerk
vgho felt inclined for a trip to the sea-aide. called
Ppon a friend.. "Hal, my dear boy," said be,
I'm off for a holiday, and I find I'm a trifle
, "short--Llend me a ten, will you ?" Hal, after a
pause. which apparently included a mental exam
ination of his 'financial arrangements replied—
"Well—Phil—td tell you the truth—l do ligt tel
—disposed—at present—to make any—perma
" YES, Mrs. tiiitn," said a visitor to her ho&
toss, "dear little Emma has your features; bdt I
think she has got her father's hair." " Oh; nor
I see," said dear little Emma, " it is, because I
have papa's hair that he wears 'a '
A SOMEWAIIT juvenile dandy said. to
partner at a ball: "Don ' t you think, iciec,,u 3 Y
moustache becoming 7" To wbieb ahe
" Well, sir, it may be coming, but it :has,notiyet
,SArmio hurl: been_ Whifsged,for'stealing. *nuts- ,
ter'll. onions - - On <lay he brought a skunk
arms. • * Says' " Masai, here's de ehap'datatkl'
de °Mims. Whew smell him bret
"What's the mnt-