Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday, Way 81, 1888.
01R. itierunNuiG soLDLER.s.
Since the national.canse has triumphed
and peace is restored, we have no longer
any use for a large military force. All
that the public service requires now is a
force sufficiently large to garrison a few
disaffected districtS where treason and
rebellion are chronic. Beyond this there
can be no necessity for any formidable
military power. Public sentiment in this
country bars always been averse to a large
standing army in ,times of peace, and
we think with good reason, inasmuch as
it is a constant and exhausting drain
upon the resources of the country with
no compensating advantage, since our
citizen soldiery are always enthusiastic
in answering the call of the govern
ment and as effective as any when pro
perly organized. As 'soon as our tri
umph was known to be complete orders
were issued providing for the immediate
reduction of the military force. Thou-,
sands,of soldiers who have been absent
from their regiments in hospitals and else
where have already been mustered out,
and the work of mustering out entire or
ganizations will be commenced in a few
days. The several divisions of the army
will lose their distinctive organizations
and remnants of each will be consolidated
into one body to be known henceforth as
the ARMY OF THE tjxzox.
The armies of the Potomac, the James,
the Ohio, the Tennessee and otherS, all of
which have won for themselves imerish
able renown, will pass into' everlasting
history, and the brave men who compose
them, abandoning the weapons of war.
will, return to the peaceful pursuits of life.
These different divisions Were' but parts
of:Tone grand army, the end of whose e,pv,
istence was the suppression of: rebellion
and the rescue of- the Republic. The end
having been gloriously attained, it is fit
and proper that it should pass out of
existence. The world has seen armies
that could rival it in mere numbers, but
in nothing else. The mighty hosts that
centuries ago shook the earth with their
tread were too often under the bondage
of gross superstition, and those of more
modern times have too often been the
tools of power and the unwilling follow
ers of ambitions men.
There is nothing of this kind to detract
from the fame of this grand army of ours.
It was an army of free and intelligent men,
with a cause to vindicate which of itself
was sufficient to inspire all engaged in it
with true courage afid-fortitude. Its sol
diers fought not for empire. nor were they
actuated by any but the noblest motives.
They fought to defend and maintain a Re
public which was the object of their pride
and affection, and were animated by a
lofty patriotism and sustained by a noble
- The debt the nation owes them can ne
ver be repaid. To their heroic valor and
patient endurance it owes its existence,
and it stands to-day a monument of their
devotion to liberty, dearer to us all be
cause of the sacrifices by which it has been
preserved. With its history they are in
separably linked as are their fathers who
struggled to establish it. History will ac
cord them equal honor, and the heroes of
Gettysburg, of Petersburg, of Chattanooga
and the hundred other battlefields of this
war, will always be Cognized as worthy
descendants of the illustrious men Who
made immortal the names of Bunker Hill
All htmorto these brave Men ! And now
that those who have, survived the fierce
struggle are about to return to their
homes„ let the people who applauded
them when they joined their fortunes
with their imperilled country, and who
have reaped - incalculable bengfits front
their toils - and sacrifices, manifest their
gratitude by extending to them a cordial
welcome. Let us show to them that we
axe willing to accord to them all that they
TREAA . ON
I The great drama of rebellion has closed
and the government is now starting on a
new era. If that era is to be - concluded
as the last was, by a rebellion, it will be.
because we failed to profit by our experi
ence and refused to make the proper use
of the victory we gained:
The recent triumph of the national arms
ought not only to give to the Republic a
new lease-of existence, but with it an im
munity from treason evermore. - This
. much it will certainly do if we are but
faithful to the laws and true to ourselves.
But, if on the other hand, in taking coun
sel trom oar impatient desires fora return
of the era of general amity arid good feel
ing that existed before the war, we over
look the great crime that has drenched
,the land in fraternal blood, we need not
be surprised if the blcot'xly scenes of the
past four years be re-enacted at some fu
ture period. It will not do to say that
the failure of a rebellion so powerful as
the last one was will deter men in future
from attempting to subvert the Govern
ment, and that ,.. we can rest in perfect se
curity in the newly acquired strength of
that Goverament. This may be true to
day, and yet the events of another year
may falsify it all. Heretofore we have re
lied entirely upon the good and friendly
disposition of men's Minds and hearts to
wards the Federal Union for its stability,
and it needed a great rebellion to teach
as that an additional safeguard was ne
cessary. Let us learn still further from
our bloody experience, or our security is
brit. fancied. The law must be clothed
with majesty and terror, and its vengeance
must not be thwarted. We have a con
stitution which makes treason a crime, and
which a f f i xes the - Penalty for its commis
alba. . Unless we enforce what is herklie
creed we rob the law of its virtue and the
crime of its ignominy. If we wish to pre
vent a repetition of the offence we must
unalterably determine it now, that they
who trade in•tre 'son: must expect to pay
the penalty of their traffic. Th e course
the Government has determined to pursue
in regard to Davis and other leading Sou
thern conspirators is the one we think most
likely to subserve the interestsnf the coun
try in this paiiicnlar. It is laioltn that at
least several of them are to.be arraigned.
and tried for treason. The indictments
have already been drawn against Davis
and Breelinridge, and a true bill found by
the grandjury of Washington. The next
thing in order will be the trial. Apail i from
any consideration of the guilt or innocence
of the prisoners, it will be of the greatest
importance. We trust that it will he con
ducted with deliberation, and that a due
regard will be paid to every legal formal
ity, so that its adjudications of the many
important questions involved may after
wards he recognized as the true and pro
per construction of the constitution and
the laws. We ask only that the efficacy
of the law be fully anti fairly tested. Let
it be determined now what treason is, and
by whom and under what circumstances
it can be committed. Jefferson Davis
and his associates have not been guilty of
eason let them be acquitted of the charge,
and let us so amend the laws that hereaf
ter the offence will have its proper penal
ty. If their guilt is relieved by any con
stitutional or legal rights they have ac
quired daring the war, let them have the
full benefit of all such rights and let.us do
what we can to provide--against such es
cape in future. But if on the other hand
they shall be adjudged guilty of treason
and thelaw demand its victims, let it have
them. If we interfere to thwart its ven
geance we -will be treasuring up' , danger
for the future. Is the language of Thom
as Jefferson, "let us hear no more of con
fidence in man, but bind him down from
future mischief by the strong chains of the
constitution and the laws." The law must
be made a terror to evil - doers. •
PAYINI; OFF THE NATIONAL . DF.BT.—The
idea started in New York, that the national debt
might be paid off by subscription, seems to have
taken possession of the minds of some of our rich
moil! They look upon the proposition as really
one of pecuniary : advantage, since, by a present
outlay, if would relieve them from the heavy bur
dens which they will have to bear in the shape of
tazatioa - for many years, nud which will very
soon amount to much more than the sums origi
nally subscribed - by them. The plan is to divide
the shares into. say. three hundred thousand at
$lO,OOO - each. O. ^curse many shares will be
taken by a combination, several persons uniting
ro secure one. The idea is to obtain allthe sub
•ecriptions before anything is to he paid, the mot
to being " the whole or none, - and there being
no intention that stingy men perfectly able to sub
scri stein hold back under the hope that the
debt will he partially paid off for their benefit.
The following were the subscriptions made "on
Thursday and Friday last
Subscribers. 51arres.1 Amount.
Cornelius Vanderbilt . i 0 $.500,000
H. A. Heiser's Son's.. ...... .... 2 20,000
H. A. Heiser's Sons, for friend... 2 20,000
Robert Bonner, New York Ledger 4 ; 40,000•
Jordan L. Mott ...... 2 20,000
James Gordon Bennett 4 40,000
Wood Brothers. 4 40.000
Jessup & Moore, Philadelphia.... 4 '40,000
R: Hoe & Co 2 20,000
Aaron W. Raymond 1 10,000
James W. Underhill 1 10,000
S. A. Alden 4 40,000
Robert E. Kelley & Co 1 10,000
George Turnbull 1 10,000
A. Raymond 1 10,000
J. G. Fowler —....... 1 • 10,000
'Demos Barnes& Co 4 40,000
George CabOt Ward " 20,000
Geo. W. Childs, Phila. Ledger.... 4. , 40,000
Geo. W. Childs, for a basket 10 100,000
Singer Manufacturing Company.. 3 50,000
Richard F. Carman -' 2 20,000
TIIE Attorney-General has just made a most
important decision. He affirms thatthe Amnesty
Proclamation was a means only to secure a spe
cific purpose, which was the suppression of the
Rebellion. Thr. Rebellion ended, the Amnesty is .
void. It does not restore -citizenship, propertk,
or vested. rights. The President has no power ti.
pardon except for what is past. The Executive
clemency cannot stretch to the future. There
fore, the decrees of confiscation there must stand.
The decision will be given to the public in a 0.11,'
days. • ,
ON Thursday last an election was held ni Vir
ginia for members of the Legislature.' The Wash
ington correspondent of the New York Tribune
says that "the disunionista swept Virginia as far
as known.• In the Alexandria district, 'William
Dulaoy, Fairfax Court House, who has a bitter
hatred to the Union and became a cripple in the
rebel service, has been elected to the Senate.and
J. A. English,_no less bitter, to the House. En
glish took the oath of allegiance only the night be
fore he announced himself as a candidate."
LEGAL TENDER NorEs....A. decision was ren
dered at Ilarrisbnag on the 25th inst., by the Su
preme Court of this State,_in the case of Wm.
Shellenberger re. Mary W. Brinton;7-on appeal
from Nisi Prins in Philadelphia. The case is
important, as involving the constitutionality of
the Unite 4 States legal tender notes. Judges
Strong, Reed and Agnew, gave opinions affirm
ing thiirconstitutionality, to which Judges Wood
ward aid Thompson dissented.
THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE AGRICULTURAL
SOCIETY announces that its.next exhibition is to
be held at the flourishing city of Williamsport,
commencing on Tuesday, September 26th, mid
continuing as usual, four days. The premiuni
list about to be issued is said to be the most libe
ral ever prepared by this society, which has been
heretofore liberal to a fault in this respect.
nre indebted to Hon. John W. Forney,.
Clerk of the IT. S. Senate, for valuable public do
Liveliness Of the City,-Larav Number of
Strangers—The Grand Review—Trial of
the Conspirators—The Tr tat of Jeff.
Davhb—F:xeesses Committed hy theT4ol-
- diem—Closing. of the Ram. Mills.
Correspondence of the Franklin Repository.
WAIWINGTON crrr, May
This city during the past week has been a lively
place. Never was there so much bustle, or so
many struogers here before. Independent of 'sol
diers not less than seventy-five thousand persons
arrived during the first three days of the week.
They came to see the grand review of the armies.
They did see it,-but that was all. Thousands re
turned home with anything but pleasant thoughts
of their own sojourn in the city. Washington has
no accommodation for half the number here, and
many a poor fellow, weary from a long railroad
ride, wandered up and down the streets all night,
with carpet bag iu hand, looking for something
to turn up. Every door step was full, and every
spare dry good box contained a snoozer. Th e
worst of all was, they could get nothing to eat.
This place always was limited in that_way. Every
bay lives sort of from band to mouth, and all
have to depend on the small supply brought from
Baltimore, and retailed at five timmite original
cost. By Wednesday morning every thing in
Washington was eaten.up, and thousands of peo
ple, who would have stayed hero longer to see
the sights, left in disgust, actually starved out.
The review was a grand success in every way,
and a sight never to be forgotten, and perhaps
will never again be witnessed on this continent,
at least not for ages to come. Over 150,000 sol
diers passed the stand on which was seated the
President, reviewing officers, Foreign Ministers,
&c. The representatives of John Bull and Louis
"Napoleon peered through their eye glasses, amaz
ed at the sight. Well they may when we look
at the fact, that this was only a small portion of
the army unw in the field. The Sixth Corps will
be here to-marrow, and there will then be another
review of more than one-third the number of last
Tuesday and Wednesday.
The trial of the conspirators is rapidly progress
ing to a close. The defense have summoned a
large number of witnesses to prove alibis and
to impeach some of the witnesses for the prosecu
tion. Thus far they have failed in their attempts
to impeach the veracity of a single government
witness, though they have already bad the evi
dence of some forty witnesses, many of them near
relatives of the.accused.
The proof against Mrs. Surratt is positive, that
she had a knowledge of the intended crime'almost
from its inception, and at last became an active
participator in it. She entertained nearly all the
_criminals at her houila and, with Dr. Mudd, plan
ned the means of escape and aided in it. As an
accomplice she catmlit escape the penalty of the
Dr. Mudd is shown to have been a confident of
Booth since last November. He introduced Booth
to Surratt. After the - murder the assassins Booth
and Harrold went to his house where the broken
bone of Booth's leg was set by the Doctor and
they were concealed for some time in his house
and the way into the swamp pointed out by Mudd.
Several days after when the officers called upon
him he denied all knowledge of Booth, and a week
after when arrested he finally admitted knowing
him. It is also proved that rebel officers have
crossed the Potomac and all through the war
were entertained and concealed by him.
The proof that l'ayne was an accomplice of
Booth is establiahed beyond -doubt. At one time
he staid three days in the house of Mrs. Surma,
where Booth, Atzerott, John H. Surratt and him
self had many secret coniultationa. His identity
as the assassin of the Sewards has been fully es
tablished and he cannot escape the penalty of
Harrold was Booths aeompliee before and af
ter she assassination. He was frequently seen
in company of all the conspirators. , He fled with
Booth, and to the reb.l officer Jebb, after cross
ing the Potomac, acknowledged that he and
Booth were the assassins of the President." - His
guilt has been established beyond all doubt.
Arnold was at one time in full communication
with the conspirators, as the 'evidence shows, at
the time the plot Nese to nbdu , t the President,
but after that was abandoned Arnold - withdrew
from the vinspiracy and went to Fortress m oo _
roe, where he was prior 'to April lath. it any
of them escape, Arnold certainly stands the best
It is proved that Atzerott was to kill President
Johnson at the Kirkwood House, and notwith
standing the fact that he had every opportunity
to do the deed, from some cause or other failed.
He wair,about the house during the day of the
murderlup to six. o'clock in the evening, and was
in active co-operation with the assassins through
out the night and lied the eft) the next morning.
O'Laughlin is shown to have been an
member of the conspiracy, and was either to kill
Grant or' Stanton, hut, like Atzerot, his nerve
failed as the hour to do the deed iipproached and
he backed square out. -
The proofrgainst Spangler, the stage carpenter,
is not strong, though enough is brought to light
to warrant the conclusion that he was taken into
the confidence . of Booth on the evening of the
murder, and, if guilty, it was in preparing the
means of escape, by keeping a clear passage way
from the stage and shutting the door after Booth,
so as to retard the motion of his pursuers. The
proof that be had anything to do with the bar
found to fasten the door of the President's box.
or the peep-hole in the door, is very'vague and
uncertain. It is thought that all tile evidence
will be taken by Wednesday evening, and the ar
.guments entered upon on Friday. There is con
siderable of evidence which was taken in secret
and which is said to be important. It v% ill be gi
ven the public at tin early day.
The rebel Major General Edward Johnson.
who Irv. been confined in Fort Warren for some
tune. has been brought to The city and will-ap
pear la, a witness before the court.
Though tile grand jury of this' District has
found a hill of indictment against Jeff. Davis for
treason, it is doubtful Whe belried here. A jury _
of Serest/ could readily be got together sufficient
to acquit him, but enough loyal men could
be oirtained who have not already formed an
opinion as to his guilt.
The soldiers have been running round the city
loose, and maddened with rum have been com
mitting great': excesses. Murder, fighting' and
riot has prevailed to such an extent that all rum
mills have been ordered to keep closed from
P. M. until 7 A. M., and last evening every offi
cer in the city without proper authority was or
dered under arrest; and all men sent to the guard
house and this morning forwarded to their regi
ments. A line of pickets has been thrown round
*the city to keep it from falling a prey to the sol
diers, by preventing their coming into it. They
must at once be sent home or they will become
perfectly demoralized. Enough money is now on
hand to pay them off and they will at once be
rapidly forwarded to their States and discharged.
The men of Sherman's army are owing since last
August and it will require over forty-millions of
dollars to pay it alone. s. c.
—The Committee on the Conduct of the War
approve Gen. Butler's conduct at Fort Fisher.
—Jeff. Davie wore a petticoat, and it is said
that Eeivas at the same time in a great bustle.
—The Empress Eugenie has addressed to Mrs.
Lincoln a private letter tendering her sympathy.
—Jeff. Davis in crinoline is said by the Hon
D. S. Dickinson to he the last war-hoop of the re
—Governor Watts, of Alabama, and ex•Gover
noiLetchef, of Virginia, have both been captured
by our forces.
—Alexander H. Stephen's and Pußtmaster Gen.
Reagan,vrere safely lodged in Fort Warren
—When the Lincoln family remove to Chicago.
Capt. Robert Lincoln will establioh himself aft a
—The Hon. Jere. Clemens, ex• United States
Senate' from Alabhma, died at his residence at
Huntsville, Ala., on the 21st.
—Mrs. Lincoln and family, passed through
Harrisburg last week on their way to Cincago,
whichls to be their future residence.
—Miss Julia Cobb, sister of Sylvanus Cobb,
committed suicide In Wisconsin a few days since
by banging herself in her father's cellar.
—Edward Spangler, one of the a-complices of
Booth in the assassination of President Lincoln;
is originally train the borough of York.
—Elder Kimball, one of the leading Mormon
saints, it is said, recently bad born to him in one
night, notlesS than fourteen children. '
--Commissioner of the Internal 'Revenue, Jos.
J. Lewis, has resigned. William Orton, a col
lector in New York, is named as his successor.
• —Mr. Ben Pitman, who is employed by the
eimiernment fo furnish the "special record" of
the conspiracy trial, now in progress in Washing
ton, is said to'be the first phonographic scholar
in the world.
lie franklitt littpositatp, ttbattibasbuig, Pd.
—The United States District Attorney in Wash
ington has notified the proper authorities that he
is ready to proceed with the trial of Jeff Davis.
—lt is reported that Cap. Robert Lincoln, son
of the late President, is engaged to be married to
a daughter of Senator Harlan, of lowa, Secrete
ry of the Interior.
—Theanights of ancient chivalry were wont to
wear to the tournament a coat of mail. The
leader of modern chivalry has adopted in lieu of
this the skirt of a female. . •
—Simon Cameron, Benjamin Wade, and Sena
tor Doolittle have been buying some farms' near
Charleston, which were abandoned by their own
ers, and sold by Government. _
—Secretary Seddon, Judge Campbell and R.
M. T. Hhnter, rebels, are on a gunbTat, bound to
the company of Davis, in Fortress M.nroe, or his
friends in Lafayette or Warreii,
—The Union Leagues in Califiltnidhave star
ted a movement for the erection of n monument
tb thedate President Lincoln, on the Pacific coast
111 a cost of quarter of a million dollars.
—General Dix" has returned to Mrs. Jpltu Ty
ler the flag taken frouLherhoulle siiine time since,
with an assurance that the examination disclosed
nothing to warrant its having been taken.
- —James G. Gardner, a lively youth of; 76 win
ters, and Phebe A. Rose, a fine old lady of 13
summers, were married at North Kingston, R. 1.,
on Thursday. A rather aged gardener to pluck
so young a rose. ;
—The Grand Jury bi the District of Columbia
has indicted Jeff. Davis and Breckinridge for high
treaeon, grounded on the invasion of the !District
last July. A bench warrant was taken out for
Breckinridte's arrest. •
—Jeff. Davis and C. C. Clay are enufined,iu
adjoining vets in the seenqd tier of casemate.; at
Fortress Monroe. Mrs. Davis and tinnily are to
be taken south again. The regnlationg tOr enter
ing the fort are nov‘ very strict. •
—The whirkig of time hue made soMe queer
changes during a ievt years. Five years ngo An
drew Johnson ruled for John C. Breekinridge for
President ; now he is Preaideut himself. and will
heinz Brechinriclge if hr catches him.
—A Banner borne in the great proceasion at Wil
mington, N. C. , had this appropriate inaeription:
" George ycvshington, the father of his country
Jeff. Davis, the destroyer of his country; Abraham
Lincoln, the redeemer of his country."
—The boundary line of the Confederacy--Criu
ohne. Jeff. Davis set up his government in the
middle, and his wife called him the "President."
No wonder he fearred that he might hurt 140111e
body, for she knew the power of his dominion.
—Sergeant Jos. Cameron has been in the U. S.
service since two years longer than Gen.
Scott He has been on duty at Fort Washington
constantly during the last thirty-sixyears.
Come ,- on wan born on the 19th of April, 1790.
—Thomas S. Boenck. of Virginia, Speaker of
the rebel House, is the "fortunate"' individual
upon wbUm. in the absence of DII.ViA and Stephens,
devolves the Pre,idency of the sodlern confede•
racy. if any of it is Jett. tie has tiot yet reported.
—C. C. Clay v. as not captured, but wrote to
General Wilson that, haring learned that a re•
ward had deer offered fin. his apprehension as an
accomplice in the assassination of President Lin
coln, and feeling entirely innocent of such a charge,
he would at °nee giro himself up for eximitiation
Mrs. R. E. Lee, wife of the late Gen. Lee,
has written to the authorities, claiming Arlington
Heights as her property.
.She complains that
the griniiids have been greatly abused by our
Government, and states that she will visit Wash
ington in a few days for the purpose of demand
ing this front President Johnson.
—Humphrey Marshall and General Buckner
want to return to their homes in Kentucky. The
limner has Intel) written a letter to Gov 13ram
lette, asking permission to come back. The
Governor, in reply, referred him to the enact
ments of the Legislature, tinder which he is liable
to hid:eta/erg and trilll for treason.
—The Navy Department ha, beti infon I f
the success of a naval expedition, tinder Lieut.
Commander Thornton, consistmg of three ves
sels, up the Roanoke river. The expeditlon reach;
ed Halifax and captured three steamers, the en
gines of a torpedo boat and another craft: also,
strives, corn, cotton, brandy, goods, Sze.
—Colonel Pritchard, the captor of Jeff. Davin,
ie said to be a noble specimen of a man and a
model soldier. He in modest mid unannuming,
but brave as n lion, and ready to lead Iwherovr
his duty calls. He is about thirty years of age,
six feet high, compactly built, and was, before en
teriugithe service, a lawyer at Allegan, Michigan.
—Hon. C. A. Dana resigns the office of Assist
ant Secretary of War, to return to his profession
of journalism. Re assumes the editorial conduct
of a new daily Republican newspaper, to be es
tablished in Chicago, by a joint stock company,
with $30,000 paid up capital. He ties an in
terest in the concern, and a handsome salary for
editing the paper.
—President Johnson' has respectfully, declined
lihe coach and span of horses tendered him by the
merchants of New York, for the reason that he
has ever held that those occupying official posi
tions should not receive such presents. He asks,
however, that he may be permitted to retain the
parchment conveying the sentiments of the donors,
regarding it, as he does, as a mark of high respect
from kind friends and loyal citizens.
—ln one of his terrible menaces, Jefferson Da
vis declared that when all the men of the South
were put to death in battle, the women would
seize their weapons and - beat'back the Northern
vandals. When captured, the "President" erg•
dently thought that the time ha come when the
women - must maintain the .' mthern , chivalry.
/le would himself lead them i petticoats.
—lt has been supposed t t the position of
mistress of the White House uld be assumed
by Mrs. Stover, the daughter of Pre.ident John,
son, in - consequence of the ill•health of Mrs. Jpn
son. A Knoxville correspondent sacs that she
recently left that place for Greenville, where she,
will probably remain during the summer, as the
loss of her-Ausband, who was killed in Vie battle
of Nashville, last fall, unfits her for the stir and
excitement of life at the White House.
-The statement which is obtaining currency
through many newspapers, to the etfeet that the
late President had no blood relatives save his two
801114, is incorrect. Josiah Lin - coin, his brother,
left Harding county, Kentucky, at an early date,
and settled in Harrison county, Indiana. He
died many years ago, leaving two sons, Thomas
and Jacob, and severa i i daughters. ThOmas is
also dead, but left a large family. Jucob is still
living on the old place' in Harrison county, and
has several children living, although two of hie
sons have been killed during the war. Josiah
Lincoln, eons and grandsons, were all fiirmers, in
plain if not poor circumstances, but hardy, hon
est, and industrious.
-3laj. Gen. G. K. Warren, tbriuerly
der of the Fifth Corps, Army of the Potomac, has
written a letter to the New York Herald , explain
ing his part in the battle of Five Forks, faught on
April I, 1865. It will be remembered that this
general was summarily removed by Major-Gener
al Sheridan, ut the time of superintending opera
tions on the extreme lett. General Warren's let
ter gives the formations and leading features of
the decisive conflict at the Forks, and states that
his removal did not take place until the battle
was over, and "not even a fugitive of the enemy
in sight" Immediately after being relieved Gen
eral Warren was assigned to the command of the
defences at City Point and Bermuda Hundred.
He now commands the Department of the Mis
SUMMARY OF WAR NEWS
• —The :Mississippi Legislature has appointed a
committee to solicit at Washington the restora
tion of that State to the Union.
—Persons sentenced to imprisonment during
the war are to be immediately discharged by or
der of the Secretary of War.
—Official intelligence has been received of the
surrender of St. Marks andTallabassee, Florida.
to our forces - , 'and also of the Rebel steamer Spraj.
- --Gen. Hobson refused to receive the surren
der of Champ Ferguson and other notorious guer
illas, and notified them to leave-hie district imme
—The report of the assaseit' lotion of Kirby
Smith is denied. His army is said to have been
reinforced by men from the east :aide of the MiS
—The States of Missouri and Arkuntos have
been formed into a separate department, and
Msjoi . Gen. Custer assigned to the command
thereat, under Gen. Sheridan.
—The rebel General Hood and staff recently .
crossed the Mississippi at Tunica Bend. An ex
pedition sent in pursuit captured their baggage
and the General's linifbrru. Hood escaped in the
—General Sherman wild command the military
district comprising Kentucky,
iana, Alabama and Diississippi , headquarters at
ei nein natti. General Thomas will probably com
mand Virginia. -
--Gov. Curtin iaat Washington, examining the
of those among the Pennsylvania troops
within the line of promotion, as he intends, betore
mustering any out, to fill up all vacancies in State
company and regimental organizations.
—General Washburne at Cairo states that the
report from Memphis. telegraphed a few days
since, giving an account of a plot among the negno
trooPs there to tit:tonere the paroled Rebels, and
of the subsequent shooting of colored
raise in every particular.
—l - ,bm prisoners TeI;P ate alltmeti to es
cape by theirguards, in order that the guards,
having Rothing to do, may go home. The s o lders
there are unwilling to fight longer torn lost re
'hellion. The rebels in- western Arkansas are ne
gotiating for a surrender.
=Generals Price, Tailor, Buchner, Brent and
others of Kirby Smith's 4 command. readied Mem
Phis on the 2:3d, en route tin. Washington and
peace. They had communicated wit;.; Generate
Canby and Herron, asking such terms of surren
der as were seeorded to Lee and Johnston.
—Kirby Smith surrendered on the •Ldt ofllay.
The terms were arranged at Baton Rouge. His
command includes the armiei, ofMnormler and
Price, and is said to number about r:0,01 , 0 men.
Their supplies of arms and provisions were better
than those of any other force in the vebellim.
--Gen. Sherman's “bummets - were death on
digging for hidden treasures. Different squads
of them dug up a newly buried mule six times in
succession : and the poor critter was not allowed
to rest until his head and ears were left above
ground as . 4
sample of the kind of treasure below
—A brass Cannon hoe been found in Baltimore,
which was placed nnder ground during the sum
mer of 1861, about the time that search was made
by the military authorities for arms. It IN as dis
covered on the premises No. 158, Government
avenue, three or four feet under the surface. co.
vered with a pile of bricks and earth.
—Advices from Brazos report a= fight at Boco
del Chico Pass, between the Union forces under
Col. Barrett and the Rebel Gam. Slaughter,, is
which the Rebels were driven 20 miles toward
Brownsville, when, Slaughter having been re-en
forced, Col. Barrett fell back to Brazos. Union
loss, 72 killed, wounded and missing; Rebel,
mitted, 40 killed,
—The conference of Colonel Sprague with
Kirby Smith, in Texas, for a surrender of the lat
ter, has accomplished nothing owing to a difficul
ty on account of two Missouri generals who de
sired an amnesty. An engagement has taken
place near Brownsville, between the Union troops
under General Slaughter and a forp of rebels.
The Union loss was seventy-two, and that of the
rebels is reported at forty killed.
—J. W. Harris, formerly of Arkansas, has
made a statement that lie was employed by Dr.
Blackburn iu efforts to spread the yelloss fever in
Northern cities. He says he smuggled five trunks
of infected clothing from Halifax to Boston last
summer, in the brig Halifax. and that they were
sent to Washington and sold at auction ; that one
.trunk was sent to Ness bern, N. C., which caused
the yellow fever there last fall. He says he saw
Jacob Thompson in Canada. and received froni
him funds to help carry out the nefariona_plot.
- —Gen. Molineaux, in taking possession of Au
gusti, Ga., found there about .910,000,000 worth
of stores of the ordnance, commissary and quar
termaster departments of the late rebel confede
racy. This estimate is exclusive of the powder
mills, arsenals, &c., of which none can be made.
The powder i mills were capable of manufacturing
12,000 pounds of powder per day. Among other
valuables were between seventy thousand and one
hundred thousand bales of cotton, and $45,000
—Advices from Havana state that Capt. Boggs,
of the U. S. gunboat Connecticut bad demanded
of Capt. Page the surrender of the rebel rain
StonwaU, who preferred to put her in possession
of the Captain-General of Cuba, on condition that
she should not be given to the United States.
That official, however, refused to receive her on
au& conditions, but ..nould receive her as a de.
posit. This was agreed to, and .he was towed
30 the arsenal and her flag lowered. The officers
and men, were paid off and put ashore.
—The Savannah Herald says the country be
ts' een Augusta and Savannah is filled with Rebel
paroled soldiers returning to their homes. Near
ly all the planters have put in large amounts of
seed, mostly torn and rye. Some have planted
cotton, for the first time in four years. But few
of r their slaves have skedaddled. Great grief and
excitement was .caused in Augusta by the an
nouncement of they capture of Jeff. Davis: A
wagon, containing 1240,000 in specie belonging
to the Rebel Government, Was found in a by
road, and turned over to Gen. Molinenx.
—The'grand review of the Army of the Poto
ruac came off in Washington on Tuesday last, and
was witnessed by a large number of persons. 'ln
front ofithe Executive Mansion was,a large stand,
upon which were appropriate inscriptions. The
stand was occupied by President Johnson and
Cabinet, Lieutenant Gen. Grant, and a number
of army and navy officers of high rank, the gov
ernors oft several States, the Diplouiatic Corps
and ['amities, and a number of Senators and Rep
resentatives in Congress. The soldiers were all
cleanly dressed, and marched and lobked well.
The line occupied six hours in passing. The - sight
is represented as having been exceedingly grand,
—The review of Gen. Sherman's army took
place in Washington on Wednesday. The crowd
was greater than on the .previous day. General
Sherman headed the column, and was vociferous
ly cheered all long the line. 'Vie troops presen
ted a magnificent appearance, and marchi4l snore
compactly than those of the Army of the Poto
mac.. The display was grand and imposing. One
of the greatest features Was the pack, mules
which were with the various divisions. Major-
General Wood had abont a handie - d, which trav
eled in front of his - column, and were more in the
nature of foragers than attendants. They elici
ted round eller round of cheers, and presented
the oddest possible appearance. Half a dozen
had game chickens upon the top of their packs.
One had a large billy goat, who rode his mule
wittrallihe usual grace of the animal. Upon one
el l ,
mule v4ts half dozen " coons," real live coons,
which crawled ver the dinner kettles and plan
_der as tough tey were at home. Several Coons
and a n ound real genuine contraband made one
of the otliest scenes in the whole line.
THE FAPTFOE OF JEFF. DAVIS.
IVAHINGTON, D. D., May 22, 18-65.—.1 . find
that a great many errors have crept into the pa
pers relative to the attempted escape, capture
and final disposition of Jeff. Davis and his co-con
"spirutom Having been intimately connected
with the parties who made thJ capture, and en
jo% tog their full confidence, I had every opportu
nity of learning, during our voyage, every mei
dent connected with the pursuit -and capture of
the fugitive from justice; and from Macon to
Fortress - Monroe, and up to the evening of the
21st inst., can give the facts from personal obser
vation and investigation.
THE CAMP WHERE JEFF. WAS CAPTURED
. Was situated in a pine forest on the side of the
Abbeville road, about one mite from Irwineville,
Irwin county, Georgia. lii consisted of a large:
wall tent, containing only the, arch traitor and
his family, and an ordinary." fly," containing the
male i).ortiou of the caravan. Surrounding and
contiguous to these were two common army wag•
ons, two ambulances, and several horses and
mules, with the uval amount of camp parapher
nalia, such as saddles, bridles. harness; cooking
utensils. &c. Davis himself and Pustumster Rea
gan, with the two Colonels, Lubbock and John
son, tuds-de-camp, had only overtaken the party
the night before, after a fatiguing' journey from
Washington, Ga., where they had remained to
'• s ettle some business," as they say, while Mrs.
Davis, with the children and servants, had pushed
forward, under the protection and escort of Pri
vate ticcretary Harrison and a few of the faith
ful, such as Lieutenant Hathawaj • Midshipman
Howell, and about twenty private soldiers.
It was probably at or very' near Washington
where Davis dismissed his escort and divided the
spoils, under the must preeshig circumstances.
borne of Stoneinan's cavalry were hard upon him,
and he. Concluded to deceive them by letting them
follow the body of eavalry;While he and hisfriends
tiny. led iueog across the - country and joined his
family. To, add to the horrors of his situation the
eicori demanded a division of the contents of the
. hiixes (gold and silver). and le. us - as
obliged to delay some time and act as paymaster.
the no I could learn the division was very no
equall2, made. some of Fie firers receiving as
much ar ve.e hpndred dollars and upwards, the
char,-, while others not so exacting received
a hare pittance. This raised considerable dis
turbance in the camp, and during the melee Jeff.
and his enmpagnons du royagp skedaddled
THE" P ETTICOAT" STORY'
iu tar main. true, although it has been told a
score of times by (Efferent correspondents, many
of whom supplied the lack of a knovi ledge of facts
hr eopiou, draughts from the imagination, and
gave it as many different phases as there are
mom!, in the calendar. The limbs are as follows:
attack was made upon the camp by Col,
Pritchard just as the first streak of dawn began
to light the eastern sky. Everything was pro
foundly silent. Jeff. was undoubtedly dreaming
of his tomer greatness, and the entire party were
wrapped in the somnambulent embrace ofMor
phens„when they were suddenly startled by the
3 ells of the soldiers, and awoke too late to make
preparations for even a feeble resistance. After
the officers and men in the " flv - were safely un
der guard. which occupied sometime, a corporal
went to the door of the tent occupied by defunct
royalty, and ordered them to come forth and de
liver themselves up. Mrs. Davis appeared-at the
door and said:— -
Pleafie. gentlemen, do not intrude upon the
privacy of ladies. There are no gentlemen here,
and you will oblige US greatly by giving tin time to
Alt right, -- madam," said the little corporal ;
"we will give you time to make your toilet, and
then you can take a ride to Macon for your
A. guard was placed around the tent, and the
reader's imagination must draw from the de
nouement wirat transpired inside. After a huff_
hour's interval the monotony outside only being
broken by the demands of Lb." guard to "Lorry up,"
then• came to the door Mrs. Davis and Miss
Howell, leading an apparently decrepid old lady,
dressed in a lady's morning wrapper, with a tight
hood on her head and her face covered with a
quail veil. The "old lady" could walk only. with
great difficulty, but tottered through the door of
the tent with a tin pail owher ann.
"Soldier, I suppose you hare no objection to
letting my old mother go to the spring for. some
water for us to wash with 1" said Mrs. Davis.
"Wall, I reckon I have some little objection to
letting that old lady go," said the corporal. "She,
wears boots. dou'rsher and with the point of
his sabre he raised the frock, discoverinvis Large,
joarse pair of calfskin boots. While the corporali
was discovering and exhibiting the cloven foot'
of the beast, another soldier stripped the veil and
hood tram off his face, and lot thegreat ass which
has so long been hidden neath a lion's skin—Jeff.
Davis—stood before them in all his
and in his true character, before-the light of
which Henry VIII pales and Richard 111 rises
in the sink of human greatness.
When Jeff. saw that he was fairly caught. and
would be delivered into the bands of his enemies,
he waxed exceeding wroth, and railed out at the
soldiers mrhenever opportunity offered. He fre-,
queutly made use of such sneering remarks as :
"Valorous soldiers, indeed, to snake war upon
women and children." "I thought the Yankee
Government was a little more valorous than to
send its soldiers to steal defenseless women and
children out of their beds at night; Am,"
Mrs. Davis ironically remarked th it she "was
not aware that an old woman sad four children
were .13f so much value as to be-escorted by three
hundred soldiers through the country."
JEFF. READS THE PROCLAMATION
I have previously mentioned the effect produc
ed upon Davis by the President's proclamation
offering a reward of one hundred thousand dollars
for his arrest. I have often tried to imagine the
terror of Belshazzar when he read his doom in
the handwriting on the wall, or the horror of the
murderer when the hands of the officers of the
law are laid rudely upon him. Such, but in a
vastly magnified degree, must have been the feel
lugs of Jeff. Davis when he read that proclama
tion. As his eyes glanced over the fatal lines I
have thought that he•must have come to the first
realization of his condition. He trembled like
an aspen leaf, dropped the paper from his hands
and sank into reveries and sullenness. His wife
picked up the pdper, reads its contents audibly,
and they all burst into tears, -
AT SIACON AND EN ROUTE
Colonel Pritchard and escort arrived at Macon
about four o'clock on the afternoon of the 'l2th
instant: For miles aloiig the streets and on the
road on which the cortege was expected to arrive
were strung squads of people eager to catch one
glance of the man who but so recently had been
their sovereign, and at whose doors so many
crimes and sins were laid. Their curiosity, how
et was not gratified to-any considerable extent,
as he rode in a close ambulance, and when he
alighted at the Lenier House (General Wilson's
headquarters), the guards obstructed their vision.
Dinner was already prepared, and the prisoners
partook of it with a relish., After dinner Post
master Reagan. who it scents had taken the con
tract to see the "President". (1) safe through to
Texas, was admitted to General Wilson's room,
where were congregated several officers, includ
ing the General himself, and your correspondent.
Reagan told General Wilson that he wished to
ask his permission to accompany the "President"
to Washington, adding that he had shared with
him his property—(exactly so ; ride the bills of
exchange drawn on Loudon in his name)—and
did not wish to desert him in the hour of his ad
versity. On receiving assurances that he would
be permitted to accompany him he expressed his
" You are under no obligations, sir," said the
General, "for I should have sent you, whether
you wanted to go or not. You are a civilianpns
ener, and-he is a prisoner both military and civil."
The party was joined here by Clement C. Clay
and his wife, they having come from Lagrange
(their home) the previous day, and surrendered
themselves to General Wilson. The meeting be
tween Dtwia and Clay was very cordial, and Mrs.
Davis and Mrs. Clay were very affectionate to
each other. The affections and feelings of the
two families seemed to run in one and the_same
channel, and they were often caught in secret
counsel together, and separated. by the guard.
While iu conversation with Colonel Pritchard and
myself Mrs. Clay joculirly remarked that as she'
brought Mr. Clay to Macon she would claim the,
Yes." said Mrs. Davis, •" one hundred thou
sand dollars would be considerable of an amnia
of pocket change foir us poor unfortunates now.
I bold my horses, carriages, silver ware and jew
elry for what littlei money I had, and that has
May 31, 1863.
been stolen from me."
I could not see, howeret, any hick of jewelry
• bout ber person, as she sported two splendid (Es
mond rings upon one finger. •'
Nothing further of interest waited during the
route from Macon to Atlanta, as it was in the
night, and most of the Fifty, weary and sleepy,
went off into deep slumber.
At . Atlanta General Upton • had a tram, an es
cort and a warm breakfast in waiting for us, and,
after about an hour's delay, we were off for Au
gusti.• Genesepton and two of his staff offi
cers accouipaame us.
JEFF. DAVIS IN roitraglis MONROE.
The Fortress Monroe correspondent of the
-Philadelphia Inquirer, gives the following account
of the transfer of Jeff. Davis and C. C. Clay from
the steamer,Clyde to the quarters prepared for
them in Forties& Monroe :
The cells in the Fortress which have been in
course of preparation for a week- past for Jeff.
4)avis and his partners in crime being in readi
ness, arrangements were made by Brevet
Generals Miles, who is now in command of this
district, for the removal of the prison6rs to the
quarters provided for them.
The steamer Silas C. Pierce, was di3tailed for
that purpose, and left the Baltimore wharf at 11 •
o'clock to-day, having on board Major-General
Miles, the new Commandant of this District, and
'Colonel R illiam L James, Chief Quartermaster,
together with a strong guard. •
The Pierce immediately steamed -alongside of -
the Clyde, on board of which steamer were con
fined Jeff. Davis and his forlorn crew, ever since
their arrival in the harbor.
General Miles it once boarded the Clyde and
despatched an officer of the guard to order the
arch traitor - to report to him. Jeff. immediati , ly
made his appearance • General Miles at once
informed him that he was to be removed from
the Clyde to Fortress Monroe, and that a few
minutes would be allowed him to take leave of
his family. Jeff: did not evince any surprise at
this autunmeement: he was evidently prepared
Davis at once repaired to the borsim•of his fa
mily. They were grouped on the deck of the
Clyde. This group consisted of Mrs. Davis, a
girl aged nine, a boy of seven, and an infant in
arms. Mrs. Davis was clad in black. She is a
woman of prepossessing appearance, of the bru
nette style of beauty, though her black hair is
sprinkled with gray. .Her black eyes are clear
and sparkling, and her features bear a resolute
sump. The oldeit boy, who bears the name
of Jeff. was barefooted and very indifferently
The - psendo President was clad in a suit of fine
dark grey cloth, and wore an overcoat of-the
:mine material. His head was covered by a soft
grey felt hat. He was not handcuffed. He look
ed ten years older than when I saw him last, five
years ago. -
His infamous career has stamped his face and
brow. He no longer wears the air of hauteur '
which distinguished him when he was in the coma
cils of the nation. 'He looks haggard, worn out
and woe begon, and fully realizes his present fel
onious position. He parted from hie family in a
rather formal manner. After embracing them
coldly and without any outward show of feeling,
he walked on board the Pierce closely attended by
_fitter reaching the deck of the Pierce he beck
oned his son Jeff, and bade the young hopeful to
summon "Bob,' his colored body servant. When
Bob'" made his appearance Jeff. shook him
w•armly.by the band and bade him "God bye."
In justice to "Bob" we are constrained to say,
that he did not seem at all sorry to`part from hie
The parting of Mr. and Mrs. Clement C. Clay
was much more demonstrative and affecting than
the separation of traitor Jeff. and his Serena.—
Clem. is apparently fifty years of age... He was
attired in a suit of plaid stuff. Clay was very
much dejected, and seemed even more downcast
than his chief. He was escorted on board the
Pierce. by Lieut. Cal, Pritchard.
Mrs. Davis bore the parting remarkably well,
and it did not seem to cost her much effort to do
so. As the Pierce was about getting under way
she leaned over the rail of the Clgde and called
out to her husband, "Jeff! if they will allow you,
write to me and let me know what kind of guar
teti-you have." If this privilege is granted the
arch-traitor, I fear Mrs. Davis will not be much
gratifiedtby the description. She also requested
him that if it were possible, he should remain
Lieutenant Colonel Pritchard, as the steamer
was about leaving, stepped up to Mrs. Davis and
bade iter—adion,-214.001 Aar, to ith.f.
"this is very hard." At this mometNee thought
of the many, many affecting partings'which took
place between loyal and loving hearts during the
past four years, all occasioned by the Causeless
crime of her guilty husband
General Miles deserves great credit for his ar
rangements in removing the prisoners. There
were no needless courtesies lavished upon the
traitors. General Miles conducted himself like
an officer and a gentleman in the discharge of his
duties. No courtesies whatever were exchanged
with the criminals. He performed his duty with
gentleness and dignity, but without any social re
cognition of the double-dyed felons who were in
his custody. •
To preclude any attempt of jumping overboard,
by Jeff. or his compeers, and 'thus cheating the
gallows of its due, a strong guard was placed on
each side of the gangway. This guard consisted
of twenty-five cavalrymen, armed with Sharpe's
All being in, readiness, the moorings of the
Pierce were costlocse, and she -was beaded to
wards the , .Eqit Jett, during the trip to his
prison, weir seated immediately under a large
American .flag, and the breeze waved its bright
stars and broad stripes over his traitorous head.
The Pierce landed at .the Engineers' dock.
where an additional guard was in waiting, con
sisting of picked men from the Third Pennsylva
nia Artillery Regiment, a Philadelphia organiza
tion. As soon as the boat was secured, General
Miles took Davis by the arm and led him ashore.
Col. Pritchard performed the same office for
Clem. Clay. They were at once conducted with
in the walls of the Fort bY the rear sally-port.
Jell: and Clay; albeit rs. Davis' injunction,
were placed in separate cells, and hare no com
munication with each other. Their cells are bunt
within the casemates. They are ten feet ti)
fourteen; and dismal as dungeons usually
Sti fears need be entertained as to the safekeep
ing of the arch Rebel. Escape is impossible.
On Thursday morning, Lt. Col. B. D. Pritch
ard, Capt. C. T. Hudson, First Lint. Silas J.
Stawlurd, Lieut. A. B. Brimpton, and -twenty
three-men of the 4th Mithigan carol* arr.ved
in Washington from Fortress Monroe, on the
steamer City of Albany. The Colonel and hie of
ficers took rooms at Willard's Hotel, 14th and
the Avenue, and, between 12 and 1 o'clock P.
M., Col. Pritchard and Capt. Hudson proceeded
to the War Department and delivered to Secre
tary Stanton, Mrs. Davis' garments,_ , Which had
been used by Jer:Davis as a disguise in which
to escape from his camp after it bad been sur
rounded; also, a beautiful silk flag, found in Da
vis' trunk, which had been captured from the
150th Pennsylvania Regiment; also, a large lot
of papers found with Davis and C.C. Clay. The
garments presented were a water proof cloak,
part cotton and part wool, of pepper-andealtcol
or, and well worn, and a black woolen shawl
with 'a fancy colored border. The clothing, flag,
and papers were, by the Secretary of War, turn
ed over to the Adjutant General. Mr. Milton
then thanked Col. Pritchard and his rnen,in the
name of the President and the people of the Uni
ted States, for the faithful Performance of his
task, and congratulated him on his success.
The Secretary here informed Colonel Pritchard
that the 'reward offered for Jeff. Davis would be
distributed according to the officer's report of the
affair, and that each soldier would be presented
a suitable medal. He then requested the Colonel
to report to him at the War Department on Fri
day at JO o'clock, when Colonel Pritchard and
Captain Hudson withdrew from the room, and
returned to the hotel.
BOOTH'S BODY AGADL-A correspondent of
the News, whooby way of illustration, spoke of
the disfigurement of Booth's lifeless remains, as
rumor told the tale, now says:
"For the honor of the country I am Odin laY
there is no truth in the shocking- tale. Booth's
body was buried without disfigurement. It was
buried in secret and in the night, and na.at°h o
marks, or ever will mark the s..t; but this was
the choice of his family. The ~ y was given to
them. They had it carried far away to the north,
away beyond New York, and there interred, and
there to remain until the last day, when the rick
and the dead are to be judged.
THE people of the interior of Georgia are ra
pidly settling themselves to a condition of peace.
Forage and provisions are tirought freely late the
places occupied by the Union troops, and citizens
are demanding a convention and reconstruction
of the State. Four of Captain Travis' famous
breech-loading cannon bad been unearthed from a
cemetery . in Macon, and the soldiers finding them
had asked permission to. take them home and
present them as trophies to the States of Ohio,
Indiana, Illinois and Michigan.